You are on page 1of 18

Kavtradze, G. L.

Sokhumi State University



Institute of Georgian History and Ethnology


210

MARIE BROSSET
210
/Tbilisi
2012

Publishing House Meridiani
:
, ,
Editors:
Lia Akhaladze, Bejan Khorava, Kakha Kvashilava
ISBN 978-9941-10-684-2

[. 41]

.

.
( )
.
, -
; , -
, ,
,
. ,

;
.
,
,
.
.
, ,
[NH VI, XII, 30]. , , ,
terra icognita-
[Kavtaradze 2001, 179, 228].
,

,
- , ,

.
,
,
, , [. 42],

(, ) .
,
, .

; ,
.
, .
, -
,
.



. ,
. -

.
, ,
2

.
, ,
.

,
,
, ,
(fault line). ,

,
, ,
, ,
.. (
) (
) ; ,

.
. ,
, [. 43] .
,
;
, ,
, .

, . .


. ,
:
, ,
, ,
,
[Christian 1994, 174, 175].

( , )
.

;
[ 2006, 114-118].

, ,
, , , , , , ,
, . ,

.

3


, , , .
-,
, ,
, () -
- ,

[. 44] .
, (
) , ,
[NH VI, XII, 30].
, (
)
; .
-,
,
,
. ,

, , ,
.

.
,
,
; ,

( , ..)
.

.
, ,

[ 2006, 115].
,
,
.
(raison d'tre), ,
- (), ,

, ,
. ,
, [. 45]
, : ,

, ()1. ,

,

[ 2006, 115-116].

.

,
, ,
XIX ,
, ,
,
, - .

XIX , ,

.
, ,


,
. ,
,
.

;
-, .
, ,
[ 2006, 149]. ,
,
, [. 46]
[ 1901, 198].
,
, , ,


( , ),
.
, ,
, .
,
,
.

,
,
.


.
,
, ,
, .
,
,
.

: ,

,
, , ,
, , ,
[ 2006, 144].
,
, ,

,

.
, ,
, ,

. [. 47]
..
,

-
,
,
.
,

,

.

, ,
;
.
,
,

,
,
;
,
6

,
[Huntington, 1996]. ,
, , , , ,
, ,
,

. ,

.
2008
, .. ,

..
, XVII
[. 48]

.
:
,
, .
,
, 2005 , -
, 11
,
,

[Thompson 2006, 3]. ,
, ,
, .
2001 11
.

. ... ,
. 11

21 [Patterson/Puryear 2006, 199]. ,

,

, .
, ,

,
,
, , ? [. 49]

. 2 , 2007
, ,
,

, , - ,
XXI . ,

: ,

. ,

[Grygiel 2007].
,
.

, . , ,
, ,

- [Grygiel 2007; Grygiel
2009]. , ,
,
[Meagher/Brannaman 2007, 408]. ,
.
,
,
.
.
[. 50] .
,
,
, ,
[Oppel 2012].


, , , ,
, ,

,

.
, 20
. ,
?

. . , . .
, 2006 :
[Grygiel 2006].

2001 11
, ,
11 , ,
: ...,
,
[Friedman 2012].
,


,
..
.
..
,
[Grygiel 2007]. . ,
, ,

, [. 51]
. ,
,
[Grygiel 2009a].
, , ,
3.
: , .
, ,

. ;
,

, 2014
,
,
[Heintz 2012].
-
, , ..
;
, . ,
, 2008 , (
...-) -
. . , XXI
,
( )
, ,
.
,

, , ,
, [Komine 2008, 221].

,
, [. 52]
, [Grygiel 2009a].
, ,
?
, . , XVIII
,
; ,
. ,
, , ...-
, , , .
, ...-
,

,
[Grygiel 2009a], ,
.
, , ,
- , ,
; ,
,
. 2008 ,
.. ,


; ,
. ,
,
. , , ,

[. Jaffe 2012].
, ,
,
. , ,
,
, , [. 53] ,
, , ,

.
,
[Lucas 2008].
,
. 90-

,
( 90-
), 2008
, , ,
10

,
,
[Grygiel 2008].

, ,
, ,
- ,
. , 2008

, - ,
,
, , ;
, ,
[Friedman 2012a; Grygiel 2008].
[. 54]
,
, ,
,
, .
[Grygiel 2008]. ,
,
[Aron, 2012]. ,

; ,
- ,


,
,
[Kissinger 2000]4.
,
.. , ,
,

;
;
, [Satter 2012] 5. [.

55]

, :
- [Will 1996].
5 , 1983 8 ,
, ,
,
,
(
) ,
[Oettinger 2011].

11

, ,

,

,
- .
- 2008

,

,

[Friedman 2012]. ,

,
,
, , [Eggert 2012].
,
, ,
, ,
[Waterman 2012].
, ,
,
. ,

,
[Bryanski 2011]. , .
, [. 56]
, ,
, ,
,
, ,
. ,
,
[Coalson 2012; Grygiel 2008].
,

, ,
, ,

[ 2012].
,
/ ,
, .
,
, . ,


12

, ...-
6. ,
,
, - ,
-
,
, [. 57]
- (

, ). ,
- ,
. .
,

[ 2012, 1]. ,
, 2012 12 , , . -
,
- ,
[ 2012].
, ,
,
,
, .
,
. ,
, ,
-
[ 2012, 1].
, 1920
, 7 ,

,
XI
1921 25 , . ,
1920 - 1783
,
,
;
. [. 58],
, , - 1920
1783 II-
II- ,
[Lang 1962, 226; 2006, 183]. 1920

, . , ,
, [Cooper/Myers/Barry 2012].

13

.
[ 1924, 287].
, ,
,
, ,
,
,
, , ,
( )
, , ,

. ,
,

.
,
;


. , ,
,
,
,
- . [. 59]

Giorgi L. Kavtaradze
Ivane Javakhishvili Institute of History and Ethnology of Georgia

Georgia, the Caucasus and Geopolitics


Past and Present
The key importance of the location of the Caucasus was picturesquely stated already by Pliny
the Elder (Plinius Magnus), in the first century, namely that the Caucasian Gates divides the world in
two parts (NH, VI, XII, 30). Transcaucasia, as it was located in the edge of the civilized and barbarian
worlds, was an area of influences of these two opposite models of the historical development, but the
factor of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range determined its destination to be the outpost of the
highly developed Eurasian periphery against Central Eurasia, characterized by a slow rate of
development, or in other words, to be the stronghold of the civilized South and West against the
barbarian North and East.
There seems to be an interconnection between the formation of the statehood in Central
Transcaucasia and the urgent need to defend the Caucasian Gate (the Dariali Pass) from the
penetration of military forces from the North. Therefore the concrete political function of the Iberian
kingdom, like of other Trans-Caucasian countries located south from the Greater Caucasus Mountain
Range, was the control of one of the most important strategic passes of the world.
But the factors of the geopolitical character not only cause the emergence of the statehood in
Central Transcaucasia at the Classical epoch but also stipulated its historical development at the
14

subsequent time, till now. The political history of the Georgia is mainly predetermined by its
geographical location.
15.05.2012

[. 259]


, .

-.

:
2006 = . .
( ). , 2006.
1901 = . . . -, 1901.
1924 = 1924 = . .
1918-1921 . 1924.
2012 = . . . .
XXI , , 14.05.2012; .:
www.ng.ru/courier/2012-05-14/9_cards.html
2012 = . . ,
; .: glava.rso-a.ru/mainnews/1351/
2012 = . . "",
, , 81 (3766), 09.05.2012, . 1, 3; .:
new.zerkalo.az/media/pdf/2012-05-09-1.pdf
Aron 2012 = L. Aron. A Tormenting in Moscow. Why is Russia harassing President Obamas new
ambassador? Foregn Policy, April 13, 2012.
Bryanski 2011 = G. Bryanski. Putin, Medvedev praise values of Soviet Union, Reuters, Nov 17,
2011; .: in.reuters.com/article/2011/11/17/idINIndia-60590820111117
Christian 1994 = D. Christian. Inner Eurasia as a Unit of World History, Journal of World History,
Vol. 5, No. 2, 1994.
15

Coalson 2012 = R. Coalson. Putin's Return to Kremlin Could Boost Eurasian Union Project, Voice of
America (Europe), March 09, 2012; .: www.voanews.com/english/news/europe/Putins-Return-toKremlin-Could-Reenergize-Eurasian-Union-Project-142051333.html
Cooper/Myers/Barry 2012 = H. Cooper, S. L. Myers and E. Barry. As Putin Postpones Meeting
Obama, Analysts Seek Political Import, The New York Times, May 10, 2012; .:
www.nytimes.com/2012/05/11/world/europe/analysts-seek-political-import-as-putin-puts-offmeeting-obama.html?_r=2
Eggert 2012 = K. Eggert, von. Russian Power, Russian Weakness, Policy Review, no. 172, March 30,
2012.
Friedman 2012 = G. Friedman. Russia's Strategy, Stratfor Global Intelligence, Apri l 24, 2012 ; .:
www.stratfor.com/weekly/russias-strategy
Friedman 2012a = G. Friedman. Putin's Evolving Strategy in Europe, Stratfor Global Intelligence,
May 8, 2012; .: www.stratfor.com/weekly/putins-evolving-strategy-europe?utm_source=freelistf&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20120508&utm_term=gweekly&utm_content=readmore&elq
=5c9cacdd235446d1a761002610e4cd02
Grygiel 2006 = J. J. Grygiel. Great Powers and Geopolitical Change. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
University Press, 2006.
Grygiel 2007 = J. J. Grygiel. Empires and Barbarians, The American Interest Online, From the
March - April 2007 issue; .: www.the-american-interest.com/article.cfm?piece=250
Grygiel 2008 = J. J. Grygiel. Georgia on My Mind. A review of The New Cold War: Putins Russia and
the Threat to the West, by Edward Lucas, The Claremont Institute for the Study of Statesmanship
and Political Philosophy, Claremont Review of Books; [Posted] October 28, 2008; .:
www.claremont.org/publications/crb/id.1581/article_detail.asp
Grygiel 2009 = J. J. Grygiel. The Power of Statelessness, Policy Review, no. 154, April 1, 2009; .:
www.hoover.org/publications/policy-review/article/5568
Grygiel 2009a = J. J. Grygiel. Vacuum Wars. The Coming Competition Over Failed States, The
American
Interest
Online,
JulyAugust
2009
issue;
.:
www.the-americaninterest.com/article.cfm?piece=622
Heintz 2012 = J. Heintz. Vladimir Putin, Russia President, Has Troubled First Week in Office, The
Huffington Post, May 12, 2012; .: www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/12/vladimir-putin-firstweek_n_1511422.html?ref=world
Huntington, 1996 = S. Huntington. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order .
New York, 1996.

16

Jaffe 2012 = A. Jaffe. Carter Security Adviser Gives Obama High Marks on Foreign Policy, National
Journal, May 6, 2012; .: mobile.nationaljournal.com/2012-presidential-campaign/carter-securityadviser-gives-obama-high-marks-on-foreign-policy-20120506
Kavtaradze 2001 = G. L. Kavtaradze. Georgian Chronicles and the raison d'tre of the Iberian
Kingdom (Caucasica II), Orbis Terrarum, Journal of Historical Geography of the Ancient World , 6,
2000. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2001.
Kissinger 2000 = H. Kissinger. Mission to Moscow: Clinton Must Lay the Groundwork for a New
Relationship with Russia, Washington Post, May 15, 2000.
Komine 2008 = Y. Komine. Secrecy in U.S. Foreign Policy: Nixon, Kissinger and the Rapprochement
with China. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.
Lang 1962 = D. M. Lang. A Modern History of Georgia. London, 1962.
Lucas 2008 = E. Lucas. The New Cold War: Putins Russia and the Threat to the West . New York:
Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
Meagher/Brannaman 2007 = T. Meagher, B. Brannaman. The Gigantic Book of Horse Wisdom. New
York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2007.
Oettinger 2011 = C. Oettinger. President Ronald Reagan: Evil Empire Speech, Command Posts: a
Focus
on
Military
History,
Policy
and
Fiction ,
March
8,
2011;
.:
www.commandposts.com/2011/03/president-ronald-reagan-evil-empire-speech
Oppel 2012 = R. A. Oppel, Jr. Romneys Adversarial View of Russia Stirs Debate, The New York
Times, May 11, 2012; .: www.nytimes.com/2012/05/12/us/politics/romneys-view-of-russia-sparksdebate.html?_r=1
Patterson/Puryear 2006 = E. Patterson, K. Punyear. Outlaws and Barbarians: The Bush
Administration's Revolution in Sovereignty, CIAO: The Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and
International
Relations,
Volume
7,
Number
1,
Winter/Spring
2006;
.:
heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/whith7&div=30&id=&p
age=
Satter 2012 = D. Satter. Obamas Open Microphone: The president shouldnt be offering concessions
to Russia, in private or in public, National Review Online, March 28, 2012; .:
www.nationalreview.com/articles/294630/obama-s-open-microphone-david-satter
Thompson 2006 = G. Thompson. Religious Fundamentalisms, Territories and Globalization, Centre
for Research on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC) Working Paper Series, Working Paper No. 14,
February 2006.
Waterman 2012 = S. Waterman. Russia Threatens to Strike NATO Missile Defense Sites, The
Washington Times, May 3, 2012; .: www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/may/3/russiathreatens-strike-nato-missile-defense-sites
17

Will 1996 = G. Will. Eastward-Ho? And Soon, Washington Post, June 13, 1996.

Back:

http://www.scribd.com/documents#all?sort=reads&sort_direction=descending

http://www.geocities.ws/komblege/index.html

http://kavtaradze.wetpaint.com/?t=anon

http://www.facebook.com/kavtaraze?ref=tn_tnmn

18