67 views

Uploaded by Mukesh Kumar

- Receiving Comes Before Giving
- Claiming Our Rights
- 2007-03-04 : Can You Drink the Cup I Am Going to Drink?
- Be an Example of the Believers
- Waves
- Faith For Healing Is Based On Knowledge.docx
- Burning Fire SHUT UP in my BONES!
- God Reproducing Himself in Us
- The Reality of Redemption
- Seedtime Outline
- Why Have the People Failed
- Living the Lectionary - 4thSundayAfterPentecost
- Joshua Ch02
- HEALING BALM.doc
- Charles Capps God's Creative Power
- Benson Idahosa
- GR Vol1iss3 Web
- The Price is Paid
- GR Vol4iss1 (Web)
- EW Kenyon and His Message of Faith

You are on page 1of 14

Contents

1- Introduction. 2- Requirements for ideal fluid flow. 3- Relationships between stream function (), potential function () and velocity component. 4- Basic flow patterns. 5- Combination of basic flows. 6- Examples. 7- Problems sheet; No. 3

1- Introduction

Velocity vector

q = ui + vj + wk

q = u r r + u + wk

Divergence of q = q

q = u v w + + x y z

Continuity equation

q = 0

Or

u v w + + =0 x y z

w v u w v u q = y z i + z x j + x y k q = xi + y j + z k

1- non viscous. 2- incompressible. 3- q = 0 4- q = 0

3- Relationships between stream function (), potential function () and velocity component

u= = y x = v= x y In cylindrical coordinates :

1 = r r 1 = u = r r ur =

1- Uniform flow a- Uniform flow in the x- direction

2- Source flow

3- Sink flow

4- Doublet flow

Stream function and Potential function for Basic flow patterns: Type of flow Uniform flow in the x- direction uy ux Uniform flow in the y- direction -vx vy General uniform flow uy-vx ux+vy Source k k ln r Sink -k -k ln r sin cos Doublet Free vortex Note: k = strength of the source =

Q m or (= ) 2 2

2 r ln r 2 2 2 r

= q s ds

c

Circulation = vorticityarea = z A

1- Uniform flow and a source.

= Uy + k = U .r sin + k

ur = and u = = U . sin r

Q ) could be replaced by a solid surface of the 2

1 k = U . cos + r r

= Uy + k1 k 2 = Uy + k tan 1

y y k tan 1 x+b xb

u= =U + y k (x + b )1 + y x+b

2

k y 2 (x b )1 + x b

The dividing streamline ( = 0 ) could be replaced by a solid surface of the same shape, forming an oval called a Rankine oval. 3- Uniform flow and a doublet: (Non lifting flow over a cylinder)

= Uy sin 2 r

= U .r sin 1

where R2 =

R2 r2

2U

ur = and u = R2 = U . sin 1 + 2 r r R2 1 = U . cos 1 2 r r

The dividing streamline ( = 0 ) could be replaced by a solid surface of the same shape, forming a circular cylinder with radius R =

. 2U

Ps = Po + 1 U 2 1 4 sin 2 2

The pressure distribution is symmetrical around the cylinder and the resultant force developed on the cylinder = zero.

4- Doublet and free vortex in a uniform flow: (Lifting flow over a cylinder)

= U .r sin 1

R2 + ln r r 2 2

ur = and u = R2 = U . sin 1 + 2 r r 2r R2 1 = U . cos 1 2 r r

r = R ; sin = 4RU

b- ( < 4RU)

c- ( = 4RU)

d- ( > 4RU)

1 1 Ps = Po + U 2 2U . sin 2 2 2R

2

The lift force on the cylinder is Lift = UL where L = length of the cylinder

6- Examples:

1- Does the stream function ( = xy) represent a physically possible flow? If so, determine the velocity at a point (2,3). Solution:

2- A velocity potential in two-dimensional flow is given by ( = y+x2-y2); find the stream function for this flow. Solution:

3- A stream function in two-dimensional flow is ( = 9+6x-4y+7xy); find the velocity potential for this flow. Solution:

1- Show that the two-dimensional flow described by the equation = x + 2 x 2 2 y 2 is irrotational. Find the velocity potential for this flow. [ = y 4 xy + c ] 2- A certain flow field is described by the velocity potential = A ln r + Br cos where A and B are positive constants. Determine the corresponding stream function and locate any stagnation points in this flow field.

A A [ = A + Br sin + c ; ,0 , ] B B

3- The velocity components in a two-dimensional flow field for an incompressible fluid are expressed as: u =

y3 x3 . + 2 x x 2 y ; v = xy 2 2 y 3 3

a) show that these functions represents a possible case of irrotational flow. b) obtain expressions for the stream function and velocity potential. 4- The formula = 0.04 x 3 + axy 2 + by 3 represent the velocity potential of a two-dimensional ideal flow. Evaluate the constants a and b, and calculate the pressure difference between the points (0,0) and (3,4)m, if the fluid has density of 1300 kg/m3. [a = -0.12, b = 0 ; 5.85 kN/m2] 5- The two-dimensional flow of a non-viscous, incompressible fluid in the vicinity of the 90o corner of figure is described by the stream function = 2r 2 sin 2 . a) determine the corresponding velocity potential. b) if the pressure at point(1,0) on the wall is 30kPa, what is the pressure at point (0,0.5) , assume = 1000 kg/m3 , and x-y plane is horizontal. [ = 2r 2 cos 2 + c ; 36 kPa] 6- The stream function for an incompressible flow filed is given by the equation = 3tx 2 y ty 3 . Find the potential function and determine the flow rates across the faces of the triangular prism OAB shown in figure having a thickness of 5 units in the z-direction at time t = 1. [ = tx 3 3txy 2 + c ; 40; 0; 40]

Problem No. 5

Problem No.6

7- Prove that for a two-dimensional flow, the vorticity at a point is twice the rotation (angular velocity). 8- The pressure far from an irrotational vortex in the atmosphere is zero gage. If the velocity at r = 20 m is 20 m/s, find the velocity and pressure at r = 2 m. ( = 1.2 kg/m3) [200 m/s ; -23.76 kPa] 9- A non viscous incompressible fluid flow between wedge shaped-wall into small opening as shown in figure. The velocity potential which described the flow is = 2 ln r . Determine the volume rate of flow (per unit length) in the opening. [-/3 m3/s per m] 10- A source with strength 0.2/2 m3/s.m and a vortex with strength 1/2 m2/s are located at the origin. Determine the equations for velocity potential and stream function. What are the velocity components at x = 1 m , y = 0.5 m? [0.0285 m/s ; 0.143 m/s] 11- In an infinite two-dimensional flow filed, a sink of strength 3/2 m3/s.m is located at the origin, and another of strength 4/2 m3/s.m at (2 , 0). What is the magnitude and direction of the velocity at point (0 , 2). [0.429 m/s ; -68.22o] 12- Flow over a plane half-body is studied by utilizing a free-stream at 5 m/s superimposed on a source at the origin. The body has a maximum width 2 m. Calculate: a) the coordinates of the stagnation point. b) the width of the body at the origin. c) the velocity at a point (0.5 , /2). [(0.32 , ) ; 1 m ; 5.93 m/s] 13- The shape of a hill arising from a plain can be approximated with the top section of a half-body as is shown in figure. The height of the hill approaches 61 m. When a 18 m/s wind blows toward the hill, what is the magnitude of the air velocity at point (2) above the origin. What is the elevation of point (2) and what is the difference in pressure between [21.34 m/s ; 30.5 m ; 448.83 Pa] point (1) and point (2). (air = 1.23 kg/m3) 14- A circular cylinder 0.5 m diameter rotates at 600 rpm in a uniform stream of 15 m/s. Locate the stagnation points. Calculate the minimum rotational speed for detached stagnation point in the same uniform flow. [-31.6 o and -148.4o ; 1146 rpm] 15- A circular cylinder 20 m long is placed in a uniform stream of 100 m/s (= 0.7 kg/m3). The lift force generated by the cylinder is 2100 kN. The stagnation points are at (-60o and -120o). Derive a relationship between the locations of the stagnation points and the circulation around the cylinder. Calculate the diameter of the cylinder. [2.75 m]

Problem No. 9

Problem No. 13

- Receiving Comes Before GivingUploaded byIbrahim Isaac
- Claiming Our RightsUploaded byLisa
- 2007-03-04 : Can You Drink the Cup I Am Going to Drink?Uploaded bylifechurch
- Be an Example of the BelieversUploaded bykavahei
- WavesUploaded byantonycuttack
- Faith For Healing Is Based On Knowledge.docxUploaded bynoxa
- Burning Fire SHUT UP in my BONES!Uploaded byLew White
- God Reproducing Himself in UsUploaded byLisa
- The Reality of RedemptionUploaded byLisa
- Seedtime OutlineUploaded byaniemekesamuel
- Why Have the People FailedUploaded byLisa
- Living the Lectionary - 4thSundayAfterPentecostUploaded byJay Winters
- Joshua Ch02Uploaded byliving2serve
- HEALING BALM.docUploaded byOdd Dets
- Charles Capps God's Creative PowerUploaded byHighly Anointed
- Benson IdahosaUploaded bysnehalraj
- GR Vol1iss3 WebUploaded byTreasure Image and Publishing
- The Price is PaidUploaded byLisa
- GR Vol4iss1 (Web)Uploaded byTreasure Image and Publishing
- EW Kenyon and His Message of FaithUploaded bySamuel Mohau Hlonyana
- The Multiplication of SeedUploaded byDr. A.L. and Joyce Gill
- God-Inside MindedUploaded byLisa
- When Your Prayers Seem Unanswered.docxUploaded bynoxa
- ResurrectionUploaded bycccvog
- Mark Scheme Trial PHYSICS 2013 Sem 3Uploaded byZuraini Arshad
- 2014/07/20 The Promise Of Protection - Joseph Prince (Sermon Summary)Uploaded byDipankar Kuzzuk Subba
- The Integrity of the WordUploaded byLisa
- 112956153-Seed-Faith-2000-PDFUploaded byremminger
- God’s Word - The Seed Of His Blessing - ArticleUploaded bysunil C

- relaiabilityUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- GATE_ECUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- GATE_ECUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Calculus Cheat Sheet DerivativesUploaded bysofttamil
- ME_solutionsUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- racUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- ukdividend_factsheetUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- gate meUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- CH-GATE-2012Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- MathematicsUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Applied Thermodynamic notesUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- CE_GATE_2012_Key.Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- CS-GATE'13Uploaded byVinothsaravanan Ramakrishnan
- GATE CE 2012 Question PaperUploaded bybhustlero0o
- GATE EEUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- ignou cncUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- cad/cam/question bankUploaded byganesh_withucad
- Introduction to CncUploaded byRameshkumar Kandaswamy
- 1Uploaded bynaruto20254663
- strength of materialsUploaded bySaurabh Sharma
- Advanced Materials Technology EME063Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Calculus Cheat Sheet Limits Definitions Limit at Infinity :Uploaded byapi-11922418
- arc weldingUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Arc-Welding-2.Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- questionsUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Mech 501Uploaded byMeghanath Naths
- cncUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Question Bank.pdfUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- khairulUploaded byaviraj2006
- Mech_All.pdfUploaded bytoshugo

- CFD IUploaded byΒενιαμίν στέμμα
- Differential Equations (Simplified)Uploaded byRafa Martínez
- Computation of Potential Flow Around Circular CylinderUploaded byalireza_vatandoust
- Fluid Mechanics Unit 2 3Uploaded byPrem T Raju
- Emf Theory d 2Uploaded byВасо Манојловић
- Hydrodynamic Masses and Hydrodynamic Moment of InertiaUploaded byak_fortyseven
- Solution Manual for Advanced Fluid Mechanics GÇô William GraebelUploaded byMasoomeh Akbarzadeh
- CE1202_-MECHANICS_OF_FLUIDSUploaded bySk Prabhu Reddy
- EulerUploaded byPejman Edalat
- Fluid MechanicsUploaded byshekhadaa
- Fluid Mechanics - Sheet 1Uploaded byStar Glacier
- paper flowUploaded bysamik4u
- Theoretical Fluid MechanicsUploaded byArvin Sookram
- p9Uploaded byAdarsh Gaddam
- FLUENT - Tutorial - VOF - Using the VOF ModelUploaded bykristeen78
- T4 Leyes de Conservacion Fluid MechanicsUploaded bykoalagris
- ME2135 Solution of QUIZ March 2009Uploaded byWai-Yen Chan
- b1 Flows Fluctuations and ComplexityUploaded byAndrew Orr
- Tutorial 1 QuestionsUploaded byMarilynYunLing
- c05028Uploaded byFabio Okamoto
- Chapter 5 FM WDH_2011-2Uploaded byMatthieu Van Damme
- Mec2910-Final Exam Sem i 08-09Uploaded bysh1999
- Munson, 7th ed, Review ProblemsUploaded byUmairZahid
- introductionUploaded byByron Manthey
- Navier Stokes Equations 1Uploaded byWilson Chin
- Thermal Radiation GATE PranshuUploaded byPranshu Mahajan
- Jas_Chap_1_May_13Uploaded byMarilynYunLing
- Lecture Notes 06Uploaded byDAVID ROSAS VARA
- Shames - Fluid Mechanics - IndexUploaded byDani Wheatswood
- Transport I 12 14Uploaded bydickbutt69