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An Infantryman’s Guide to Combat in Built-Up *FM 96-198-1 FIELD MANUAL HEADQUARTERS No. 99-10-1 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington, DC, 12 May 1993 AN INFANTRYMAN’S GUIDE TO COMBAT IN BUILT-UP AREAS CONTENTS Page Preface... .. 2.0.00. bec e cee Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION . . Section I. Background 4-1. AirLand Battle 1-2. Definitions 1-3. Cities 1-4. The Threat in Built-Up Areas. Section II. Characteristics and Categories of Built UpA Areas 1-5. Characteristics. . nn 1-6. Categories Section IIL. Special Considerations 1-7, Battles in Built-Up Areas 215 1-8. Target Engagement ... 15 1-9. Small-Unit Battles... . . 15 1-10, Munitions and Special Equipment. +16 1-11. Communications . 16 1-12. Stress 1-13. Restrictions . . . oa 1-14. Fratricide Avoidance DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes FM 90-10-1, 30 September 1982. FM 90-10-1 Chapter 2. URBAN ANALYSIS Section I. Models of Built-Up Areas 2-1. Regional Urban Characteristics ss 2-2, Specific Characteristics of Urban Areas . . 2-3. Characteristics of Urban Areas. . . Sectionll.Terrain and Weather Analysis 2-4, Special Terrain Considerations 2-5. Special Weather Considerations : Section III. Threat Evaluation and Integration 2.6. Operational Factors. 22.0.0... 2. +. 2-7. Urban Countrinsurgency Covntergueril, and Counterterrorist Operations . . 2-8. Projected Threat Capabilities . .. . Chapter 3. OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS Section I. Offensive Considerations ....... 3:1. Reasons for Attacking Built-Up Areas 3-2, Reasons for Not Attacking a Built-Up Area Section II. Characteristics of Offensive Operations in a Bui 3-3. Troop Requirements 3-4,Maneuver ...... 3-5. Use of Equipment . Section IIL. Types of Offensive Operations sees 3-6. Hasty Attack oe eee 3-7, Deliberate Attack ..... Section [V. METT-T Factors 3-8. Mission 3-9, Enemy 3-10. Terrain 3-11. Troops 3-12. Time Section V. Command and 4 Control 3-13. Command oe 3-14.Control 6... eee eee Section VI. Battalion Task Force Attack on a Built “UPA Area 3-15. Conduct of Deliberate Attack . . . 3-16. Seizure of Key Objective . . 3-17, Infiltration . os 3-18. Route Security