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gertyuioasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc vbnmewertyu4asd3opasdfghjklzxcvbnm ANALYSIS OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM OF qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiop BANGLADESH asdfghjklzmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbn mqwertyuiopasdcvbnmqwertyuiofghjkco micyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas Mr.

Sheikh Morshed Jahan dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuio4dfghjklzxcvb Associate Professor nmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyu iopasdfghjkl5%zxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvb nomicyuiomrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqw ecvbnmqwerjklzxcvbnm3ertyuiopasdfgh cvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwe rtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvb
Submitted to:
Course instructor Bangladesh Studies Submitted By: Md. Mashrur Rahman Khan(ZR-11) Adib Iqbal Umit(ZR-12) Shah Shihab Sadman(ZR-27) Al Imran Bin Khodadad(ZR-46)

IBA,DU February 29,2012

Since the earliest times of human civilization, education has been playing the decisive role in the development of any society. Developing countries like Bangladesh need to be more focused on education than any other countries in the world. The socio economic revolution currently taking place in Bangladesh is fueled by the contribution of the educated mass of the country. This write up focuses on the basic structure of the educational system of Bangladesh as well as judge the feasibility and practicality of such a system. This discussion is based on the research findings of professionals (secondary data) and also on the primary data collected by the direct interview of the prominent people related to this field.

The education system and structure of Bangladesh


The education system and structure of Bangladesh has three major stages-primary, secondary and higher educations. Primary education is a 5-year cycle(Education, at this stage, normally begins at 6+ years of age up to 11 years.) while secondary education is a 7- year one with three sub-stages: 3 years of junior secondary, 2 years of secondary and 2 years of higher secondary. The tertiary education (3-5 years) is provided through universities (31 public and 51 private universities) and affiliated colleges under supervision of University Grants Commission. Establishment of private universities has gained momentum in recent years. Up to the higher secondary level`, students can choose the medium of education from Bengali or English. The stream of education is further classified into four types in terms of curriculum: 1. General education (Standard form of schooling) 2. Madrasah education (Islamic religious education along with general education as complementary to each other) 3. Technical-vocational education (For students who are not strictly academic) 4. Professional education (Specialized form of education in order to cater to particular industries)
Educational Administration and Management

Education Systems in Bangladesh is being managed and administered by two Ministries viz. Ministry of Education (MOE) and Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MOPME) in association with the attached Departments and Directorates as well as a number of autonomous bodies. These ministries are sub divided into many directorates which perform there in unique function in propagating the ideology of the education in this nation. Moreover autonomous institutions like the university grant commission (UGC), education board, madrasha board etc perform their specific objectives for the betterment of the education system. Compulsory Primary Education Implementation Monitoring Unit: After the enactment of Primary Education (Compulsory) Act of 1990, the Government created the Compulsory Primary Education Implementation Monitoring Unit in 1991, headed by the Director-General with the responsibility to monitor the compulsory primary education programme at the field level and conduct child-survey to collect information on the numbers of primary school-age population and children attending schools.

Efficiency and Practicality of the System in the Eyes of the Professionals Concerned
Although it is evident from the budget allocation in the education sector that literacy has been the major concern of almost every government of this country but it is hardly reflected in the overall situation of Bangladesh. In every stages and sectors of the education system abundant monetary input has been provided, only to see poor performances. The main resource of a developing country is considered to be skilled human resource and proper education system is the key to achieve such a feat. Upon interviewing several leading professionals of this sector, it has been found that dissatisfaction towards the performance of the system lies even among the persons associated with the system. Primary and secondary education is considered to be more important as improving the literacy rate is a major objective of development. But the emphasis given on the primary education has proved to be insufficient due to bureaucracy of the system and improper infrastructure. The main problem that the primary and secondary education system faces today is the lack of proper educational institute with respect to the number students. Proper infrastructure includes adequate teaching materials, teacher to student ratio, playgrounds and recreation for the students. All of these collectively create a good teaching environment. Due to the fact the teacher to student ratio is also very low, interactive classes are impossible. The quality of education catered to the student is also mediocre due to pupil density and class duration. Admission system for the students are also biased, obligated due to political pressure. Although the recent change in the education system, i.e. the creative system emphasizes less on memorizing but the due to insufficient training of the teacher it is less effective. A good training facility would ensure the proper delivery of the learning material. Quality of education is degrading because now education has become a marketing tool, a commodity. Objective of education has changed from pursuit of knowledge to getting good grades. The students now-a-days are focusing on certificate rather than knowledge. And their parents are also backing them up on this. This ideology gave birth to the private tutoring. Assistant professor Shah Jamal (BAF Shaheen College) says, Proper remuneration would motivate the teachers especially the public school teachers towards effective performance. Wage disparity towards government and private sectors should be minimized. Professor Rasheda Irshad Nasir(Sociology, DU) said, Under-grad education of Bangladesh has changed drastically over the last two decades. We have now moved onto a career oriented education system rather than knowledge based one. So the students are becoming jack of all trades, but master of none. Basically institutional knowledge is more emphasized during the early stages of a students life. s/he gains the bookish knowledge rather than having the proper orientation towards a practical and technical learning. This makes it difficult for them in getting used to its application in real life. Practical knowledge and interactive learning in the early ages can be helpful in shaping the

values and norms of life. These characteristics of education system if applied properly at an early age will play a vital role in the students lives in their own careers. The dimension of the education system has changed over the last two decades. Education has become more career oriented rather than in-depth knowledge based education. They are more interested in overviews of studies rather than researching and analyzing throughout the entire curriculum. For example, in the mid 80s students were enrolled in a 3 year program that consisted of 10-12 courses in the entire program. But today the program has changed into a 4 year and 40 coursed program. So we have more jacks of all trades and less master of any particular subject.Practical and technical knowledge based education system can widely be introduced in the primary and secondary schools to shape the values of the students. Moreover English must be taught with great essence so that students can be as fluent and comfortable with English as they are with bangla. This will enable him them to cope with the language in their higher studies. Ashequa Irshad (Associate Professor, International Relations, Du) added, Bangladesh has a tendency of changing its evaluation system and educational structure very frequently. This has to be stopped as it confuses the students. There should be a single evaluation system that obliges the international standard. The disparity between the different mediums e.g. bangla, English and madrasa are very prominent. They have different curriculum, teacher and upbringing whatsoever. The gap needs to be worked out or a bridge or a link must be made among them. Their vision and mentality have almost nothing in common. Having the same contents in the curriculum can be a solution may that be in different languages. Teachers must be of same and of a minimum quality in all the sections of education. It is true that studying many courses in the same program may not produce as many pundits as it did before, but obviously the average standard of a student has increased immensely. Professor Dr. Abdul Malek (Institute of Education and Research ,University of Dhaka) said, In regard of the recent situation in the Bangladesh education system significance in the secondary and higher secondary must be put as it is the stage when a large number of student drop out and join the workforce due to some social problems. But it has to be done only if well structured and programmed primary education is ensured for all. Through this, these drop outs may not be able to lead a life of a graduate but will surely be able to make life decisions more easily. It is apparent that education system of Bangladesh is a topic that is much debated on. But the lack of co-ordination, mismanagement of funds, scarcity of the resource person is proving to be a huge impediment in the path of development.

Bibliography
"THE PRESENT EDUCATIONAL STRUCTURE OF BANGLADESH." Welcome to the BANBEIS. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2012. <http://www.banbeis.gov.bd/es_bd.htm>. World data on education Bangladesh, revised version, 7th edition. 28 july 2011. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002112/211299e.pdf Report on Primary Education in Bangladesh: Challenges and Successes Bangladesh Bureau of Education Information and Statistics (BANBEIS) and Bangladesh Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MWCA), May 19, 2009. http://ih.stanford.edu/rosenfield/resources/Primary%20Education%20in%20Bangladesh.pdf "Education System in Bangladesh." Educational Web-portal & Daily Need, Bangladesh. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2012. <http://www.dailyneeds.com.bd/edu/bd_edication_at_a_galance.htm>. New education policy-2013, , Program Manager, BRAC Education Program, BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Articles on education of Bangladesh Billah, Md. Masum. "Education Policy: A Critical Review." BRAC University Journal 38.4 (2009): 127. Print.

Interview:
Nasir, Rasheda. (Professor),University of Dhaka,Department of Sociology. 27 Feb. 2012. Irshad, Ashequa. (Associate Professor),University of Dhaka, Dept of International Relations . 27 Feb. 2012. Malek, Dr. Abdul. (Professor),University of Dhaka, Institute of Education and Research. 28 Feb. 2012 Jamal, Shah (Asst. Professor),Dept of Physics, B.A.F Shaheen College, Tejgoan, Dhaka. 27 Feb.2012 Chandra Shaha , Shkukumar (Asst. Professor), Dept Of Statistics, B.A.F Shaheen College, , Tejgoan, Dhaka. 27 Feb.2012 Alam, Shah, (Air commodore), Former Senior Directing Staff, National Defence College, Mirpur, Dhaka. 27 Feb 2012.