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Vaccinations
Your NHS guide to vaccinations for you and your family

About vaccinations Vaccines for kids Vaccines for teens Vaccines for adults Travel vaccines

Vaccination checklist

Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them. 2 months:

Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia or meningitis in young children) given as a 5-in-1 single jab known as DTaP/IPV/Hib Pneumococcal infection

3 months:

5-in-1, second dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib) Meningitis C

4 months:

5-in-1, third dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib)

Pneumococcal infection, second dose Meningitis C, second dose

Around 12 months:

Meningitis C, third dose Hib, fourth dose (Hib/MenC given as a single jab)

Around 13 months:

MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), given as a single jab Pneumococcal infection, third dose

3 years and 4 months, or soon after:


MMR second jab Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DtaP/IPV), given as a 4-in-1 pre-school booster

Around 12-13 years:

Cervical cancer (HPV) vaccine, which protects against cervical cancer (girls only): three jabs given within six months

Around 13-18 years:

Diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster (Td/IPV), given as a single jab

65 and over:

Flu (every year) Pneumococcal

Vaccines for risk groups People who fall into certain risk groups may be offered extra vaccines. These include vaccinations against diseases such as hepatitis B, tuberculosis (TB), seasonal flu and chickenpox. See our sections on vaccines for adults to find out whether you should have one. Travel and other vaccines There are also optional vaccines that you may be able to have free on the NHS from your local surgery, including travel vaccinations, such as hepatitis A, typhoid and cholera. See our sections on travel vaccines to find out more about whether you should have one. If youre not sure whether you or your child have had all your vaccinations, ask your GP or practice nurse. Last reviewed: 12/04/2010

Next review due: 12/04/2012 Share

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Vaccination wall planner


Use this interactive tool to create a personalised wall planner for your child.

Protect your child against measles

Find out more about the MMR jab

Protect your daughter against cervical cancer

Find out more about the HPV vaccination

Useful links
NHS Choices links

Common questions about vaccination Birth to five: your guide to parenting Child health 6-15 Teen boys' health

Teen girls' health Men over-60 Women over-60

External links

healthtalkonline: real life health stories from parents NHS: vaccination statistics DH: vaccination information in foreign languages

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Vaccines for teens


The teenage years are a key time for some important vaccinations. The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, also known as cervical cancer vaccination, is offered routinely to all 12- to 13-year-old girls to protect them from cervical cancer in later life. The jab protects against two types of HPV, which cause more than 70 per cent of cervical cancers. Students, too, may need certain vaccinations. Infections can spread among students very quickly, and there have been serious outbreaks of mumps in universities in recent years. Teenagers leaving home to go to college or university should be vaccinated against mumps and meningitis C if they didn't have those vaccinations as children. The vaccines The NHS vaccinations routinely offered free of charge to teenagers. More on the vaccines Mumps alert There has been a lot of mumps among teenagers in recent years. Advice on how to prevent the disease with vaccination. More on mumps

Vaccines for adults

There are no vaccinations that are routinely offered on the NHS to all adults. However, there are several vaccinations that are available on the NHS to adults in certain at risk groups. These are: Seasonal flu vaccine Protects against: seasonal flu. Who needs it:

all people aged 65 years and over all those with a long-term health condition healthcare workers all pregnant women who haven't already had the swine flu vaccine

Given: every year starting in October/November. More on the flu jab Pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) Protects against: some types of pneumococcal infection. Who needs it:

people aged 65 and over people with a long-term health condition

Given at: any time (one injection) More on the pneumococcal jab Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine Protects against: chickenpox. Who needs it:

healthcare workers who aren't immune laboratory staff who could be exposed to varicella healthy susceptible contacts of immunocompromised patients

Given at: any age (two doses given 4 to 8 weeks apart). More on the varicella vaccine Hepatitis B (hep B) vaccine Protects against: hepatitis B. Who needs it:

injecting drug users (including their partners and children and other people living with them) people who change sexual partners frequently (including men who have sex with men, and male and female sex workers) close family contacts of someone with a chronic hepatitis B infection individuals receiving regular blood products, and their carers people who have chronic kidney failure people who have chronic liver disease inmates of custodial institutions and some prison service staff

people who live in residential accommodation for those with learning difficulties families that foster or adopt children who may have been at increased risk of hepatitis B infection people travelling to, or going to live in, areas where there's a high or intermediate incidence of hepatitis B individuals at occupational risk, such as healthcare workers, laboratory staff and staff of residential and other accommodation for those with learning difficulties, morticians and embalmers, and some emergency services personnel

Given at: any age where needed. More on the hep B vaccine BCG Protects against: tuberculosis (TB). Who needs it:

people at occupational risk, such as healthcare workers, some laboratory staff, people who handle animal species that are susceptible to TB, some prison staff, those working in homes for older people, staff of hostels for homeless people and facilities for refugees and asylum seekers previously unvaccinated tuberculin-negative contacts of cases of respiratory TB

Given at: any age. More about the BCG jab Swine flu Protects against: swine flu. On 10 August 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the H1N1 influenza (swine flu) pandemic was officially over. However, the H1N1 flu virus will be one of the main viruses circulating this winter. Therefore, the H1N1 flu virus will be included in the 2010-11 seasonal flu vaccine and won't be offered as a separate jab

Travel vaccines
Theres no point spending hours choosing your swimwear, beach bag and flip-flops if you barely think about the bugs and other health risks that could ruin your holiday. Almost one in four UK holidaymakers don't get any vaccinations despite travelling to areas that have life-threatening infectious disease. Find out which travel jabs you need for your destination. Its not worth skipping travel vaccinations. Infectious diseases can make you very sick, spoil your holiday and even kill or cripple you.

Vaccinations protect you against many travel-related infections, such as yellow fever, typhoid and hepatitis A. Use the information on these pages to learn about travel vaccines, which ones you need for your destination, and when and where to get them. For additional general information, read our articles on travel health. The vaccines The vaccinations currently available for travellers abroad. More on the vaccines Whats available on the NHS? Some travel vaccinations are freely available on the NHS. Others are only available privately. More on NHS and private travel jabs When and where Where and when to have your travel jabs.