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API 570 EXAM June 1, 2011 These questions were on the exam verbatim Closed Book 1) What is the

normal temperature range specified by API-570 where an insulated carbon steel piping system is susceptible to corrosion under insulation? A) Between 25F and 150F B) Between 25F and 250F C) Between 150F and 250F D) Between 150F and 400F

2) At the conclusion of a pressure test, it is most important that the: A) Testing equipment has been removed and properly stored B) Piping is drained and dry C) Piping system is properly aligned for operation D) Pressure relief devices have been restored to operational condition

3) New connections on existing piping shall always be: A) Considered alterations B) Located downstream from any control valves C) Designed per the applicable code D) Examined fully (100%) by radiography

4) When inaccessibility prevents placing the image quality indicator (IQI) manually on the source of a weld being radiographed, what identification is placed on the radiograph to indicate that a film-side IQI was used? A) IQI B) B

C) F D) FSP

5) The owner of a newly installed piping system does not have any data on piping systems in the same or similar service. After the system has been put into service, the initial thickness measurements shall be made: A) At the recommended maximum inspection interval in Table 1 of API-570 B) After no more than three months of service C) After no more than one year of service D) After no more than five years of service, regardless of the class of circuit

6) What test is used to determine material notch toughness? A) Impact test B) Bend test C) Tensile test D) Elongation test

7) During radiographic examination of a weld, the wire IQI shall be placed: A) Adjacent to the weld so that the length of the wire is perpendicular to the weld B) Adjacent to the weld so that the length of the wire is parallel to the weld C) On the weld so that the length of the wire in perpendicular to the weld D) On the weld so that the length of the wire is parallel to the weld

8) A welding procedure specification and its supporting procedure qualification record are used to determine which of the following? A) The welders ability to deposit sound weld metal B) The welders mechanical ability when operating welding equipment

C) The welders ability to produce welds that are radiographed free of defects D) That the weldment will have the required properties for the intended application

9) Which of the following is not a re-rate requirements of API-570? A) Re-rating when there is a change in the process fluid B) Validating that the pressure relief devices are set at the appropriate pressure C) Updating of appropriate engineering records D) Acceptance of the re-rate by the inspector of the piping engineer

10)

Filler metals are assigned F number:

A) To permit indiscriminate substitution to suit production B) To reduce the number of welding procedures and performance qualification C) To increase the number of filler metal types that the welder can use D) To allow for welders to qualify for more than one employer at a time

11)

Fewer TMLs may be selected for which of the following piping system?

A) Painted piping B) Piping that is complex in terms of fitting, branches, deadlegs, and injection C) Insulated piping D) Long, straight run piping

12) When a replacement piping system has a structural support that was inadequately designed for a hydrostatic test, an acceptable alternative is to perform a: A) Sensitive leak test B) Vacuum (negative pressure) test C) Pneumatic test D) 100% volumetric examination of all welds

12) A flush patch used to repair a Class 1 piping system must meet all but which of the following conditions? A) Welds must be 100% tested by radiography or ultrasonic B) The patch must have rounded corners C) The patch yield strength must be less than 40,000psi D) Full penetration groove weld is required

13) When may a welder be qualified by a production weld in stead of a coupon? A) When six inches of the welders first production weld passes the specified radiographic examination B) When a coupon is removed from one of the welders production welds and passes mechanical testing C) When the welder has welded on a plate steel within the past twelve months D) Never; welders may not qualify by this method

14) An eight foot deep trench is dug to expose a section of buried pipe on which UT measurements are to be taken. Which of the following must be completed prior to performing the examination? A) Remove all loose paint and scale on the entire run of exposed piping B) Ensure the sides of trench are properly shored

C) Confirm soil resistivity within ten feet of the examination D) Verify the operating pressure, temperature, and service.

15) If the metal thickness of a component being measured is under 1/8 inch, then it: A) Cannot be accurately measurement B) Can contribute to reduced accuracy of digital ultrasonic measurements C) Can contribute to reduced accuracy of profile radiography measurements D) Should only be measured using eddy-current techniques

16) Which of the following steps should be taken when inspecting a buried pipe contained in a casing pipe that requires excavation? A) Verify that water and/or soil has not entered the casing B) Excavate around the casing, and verify the thickness of the casing C) Remove the casing for inspection of the pressure carrying piping D) No inspection is required because the casing provides sufficient protection

17) Piping systems lacking cathodic protection and suspected of having external corrosion conditions should be excavated to what extent? A) Exposure enough to assess whether the corrosion is localized or extended B) Uncover 25 feet beyond the suspected area of corrosion C) Fully uncover 100% of piping length and width D) Expose a ten inch long section of the top half diameter of the piping

18) Which inspection method is most appropriate for detecting external chloride stress corrosion cracking in austenitic stainless steel piping systems? A) Dry magnetic particle B) Liquid penetrate C) Longitudinal ultrasonic D) Radiography

19)

Internal visual inspection of piping is:

A) Always done using a remote visual technique B) The only reason for conducting inspections during outages C) An important part of piping inspection D) Not normally performed

20) During visual inspection of concrete-to-air and/or asphalt-to-air interface of buried piping, that is not catholically protected, what should the inspector look for? A) Galvanic corrosion B) Internal corrosion C) Caulking or seal deterioration D) Buldged pipe wall at the interface

21) What is the recommended maximum inspection interval for injection point thickness measurements? A) Three years or half the remaining life, whichever is less B) Five years or half the remaining life, whichever is less C) Determined by class D) Ten years or half the remaining life, whichever is less

22) Piping inspection records that provide design information and drawing shall be updated before which of the following? A) Repairing a portion of the system due to corrosion B) Re-rating the system C) Completion of a system hydrostatic test D) Thickness measurements are taken on the system

23) Why are vertical supports, constructed of pipe components, checked to determine if they are filled with water? A) Water inside may cause internal corrosion of the support B) Water inside may cause internal corrosion of the process pipe C) Water inside may cause external corrosion of the support

D) Water inside may cause additional stress to be places on the support

24)

Undercut can best be described as which of the following?

A) Lack of fusion under the cap that appears as a cut on a radiograph B) Groove in the base metal as the toe of the weld C) Weld root is not completely filled D) Incomplete bonding between the filler metal and parent metal under the weld

25) Surface condition of buried piping paths should be visually surveyed at approximately what intervals? A) Six months B) Annually C) Two years D) Three years

26) During an inspection, you find that the pipe shoes have moved off the main supports and are hanging on the beams preventing the line returning to its cold position. What would be the most appropriate action for you to take? A) Request the piping engineer to evaluate pipe stresses B) Recommended replacement with longer shoes C) Specify supports designed to allow more movement D) Recommended anchors and stops in the support system

27)

The lower soil resistivity, on buried piping, the:

A) Less the need for cathodic protection B) Greater the inspection intervals C) Lower the potential for soil moisture retention

D) Higher the external corrosion rate

28) Re-rating is being performed to lower the minimum design temperature. Which of the following is required? A) Calculate the test pressure using the allowable stress ratios B) Perform brinell hardness tests on representative samples C) Verify system components meet code minimum temperature requirements D) Review inspection records to ensure the system is adequately supported

29) Which of the following materials require hydrostatic testing with potable water or steam condensate? A) 300 series stainless steel B) Monel C) 5Cr-1/2Mo D) Carbon steel

30) A piping system carrying flammable petroleum process can be considered a Class 3 system if it contains which of the following? A) Anhydrous hydrogen chloride B) Finished product being pumped at a remote booster station C) On-site naphtha with no hydrogen sulfide D) Waste gas used to fuel an on-site heater

31) What wall thickness is used to recalculate MAWP for continued use of a piping system? A) Actual thickness minus four times the corrosion loss experienced since the previous inspection

B) Actual thickness minus two times the estimated corrosion loss before the next inspection C) Actual thickness minus the estimated corrosion loss before the next inspection D) Actual thickness

32) The number of TMLs required on high temperature low velocity hydrocarbon lines, containing sulfur corrosives, are often fewer than on other corrosive system because the sulfur lines: A) Exhibit very uniform corrosion independent of location in the system B) Are not considered to be a potential environmental risk C) Corrode at such as fast rate that they are considered consumable and are replaced on predetermined time schedules D) Are constructed of high-alloy materials that are unlikely to erode

33) An imperfection of a type or magnitude exceeding the acceptance criteria is known as which of the following? A) Discontinuity B) Flaw C) Defect D) Indication 34) What should external visual inspection of aboveground piping always include? A) Bellows expansion joints and pipe hangers B) Checking for fugitive emissions C) Thickness measurements at all inspection points D) Stripping insulation for CUI inspection

35) Repair organization welders and welding operators must be qualified in accordance with which of the following? A) ASME B31.3 only B) ASME B31.3 or the WPS to which the piping was built C) The current applicable code only D) ASME B31.1 or ASME B31.3

36) Temporary repairs should be replaced at the next maintenance opportunity; they may remain in service for longer periods provided: A) It is approved and documented by a piping engineer B) It is approved by the owner/user C) It is approved by the inspector and piping engineer D) It is approved by an API-570 inspector

37) Who is responsible for maintaining the records of welding procedures and welder qualifications used during a repair? A) Repair organization B) Owner/operator C) Inspector D) Testing laboratory

38) What is the cause for rejection of the B image on a film due to excessive back-scatter? A) Any image B) No image C) A light image D) A dark image

39) Who must approve all proposed methods of design, execution, materials, welding, examination, and testing for piping repairs and alterations? A) Piping inspector B) Piping inspector or piping engineer C) Owner/user D) Construction contractor 40) Computer based systems are useful for storing data relating to which of the following? A) Repair procedures B) Evaluation and selection of welding procedures C) Calculations of short-term and long-term corrosion rates D) Evaluation of all types of corrosion

41) Thickness measurement readings on a piping system indicate that the corrosion rate has increased. The inspectors most appropriate response is to: A) Recalculate the inspection interval of the system B) Recalulate the piping circuit average corrosion rate C) Schedule the next inspection in six months D) Report the change in condition to maintenance

42) Environmental cracking noted during an in-seri=vice examiniation of welds should be assessed by the: A) Piping engineer B) Nondestructive examiner C) Piping inspector

D) Verified welding inspector

43) Which of the following is an essential variable for shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) welind procedure specification (WPS)? A) Welding technique B) Groove design C) F-number D) American Welding Society class for filler number

44) Which of the following is not required on a B-16.5 flange or flange fitting? A) Pressure class B) Temperature range C) Material specification D) Manufacturers name on marking

45)

Pipe fabrication welding may not be performed if the weld area is:

A) Frosted or wet B) Below 32F C) Above 120F D) In an inert atmosphere

46) The most common form of corrosion under insulation on carbon steel piping is: A) Galvanic corrosion B) General Corrosion C) Stress corrosion cracking D) Localized corrosion

47)

Deadlegs in a piping system should be:

A) Inspected at the same time interval as the rest of the piping system B) Eliminated whenever possible C) inspected every three years D) inspected at an interval that is half of the rest of the piping system

48) At low enough flue gas temperature, the sulfur dioxide, sulfur trioxide, and hydrogen chloride will condense to form sulfurous acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid which can lead to: A) Cracking B) Grooving

C) Severe corrosion D) Brittle fracture

49) When a pipe inspector notices deformation of a pressure vessel wall in the vicinity of a pipe attachment, the most appropriate action listed below is to: A) Take no action; vessels are not the responsibility of the piping inspector B) Recommended an immediate shutdown of the unit C) Check for piping misalignment D) Calculate the allowable deformation according to ASME Section VIII, Div. 1

50) Location markers which are to appear as radiographic images on the film shall always be placed: A) B) C) D) On the exposure holder/cassette On the radiographic film Between the film and the part being radiographed On the part being radiographed

51) A) B) C) D)

To which of the following fluid services does API 570 specifically apply? Category D fluid services as defined in ASME B31.3 Raw, intermediate and unfinished petroleum products Hydrocarbons and utility streams Steam and steam condensate

52) A rerate is being performed to lower the minimum design temperature on a piping system. Which of the following is required? A) Verify that system piping materials meet code minimum temperature requirements. B) Calculate the test pressure using the ratio of allowable stresses. C) Review the inspection records to ensure that the piping system is adequately supported. D) Perform Brinell hardness test on representatives samples.

53) A) B) C) D)

In pipe caps, corroded areas evidenced by local thinning: May be ignored in small-bore piping. May be ignored if they make up less than 10% of the total area. May be evaluated in accordance with principles outlines in API RP 579 Are considered insignificant if they do not decrease cap thickness by more than half the original thickness

54) Fasteners and other components attached by threads or bolted to a piping system should receive special attention during visual inspection, since they have a greater potential for: A) B) C) D) Chloride stress corrosion cracking Replacement with improper components Brittle fracture of bolting material Carbonization

55) A carbon-steel piping circuit in caustic service that was originally stress-relieved: A) Should be examined at twice the inspection interval of systems that are not stress-relieved. B) Should be checked for cracking with magnetic-particle testing. C) Requires Brinell hardness testing at the first inspection interval D) Should never be hammer tested.

56) When re-rating a piping system, which of the following is not required by API 570? A) Re-rating when there is a change in the process fluid B) Validating that the pressure-relief devices are set at die appropriate pressure C) Updating of appropriate engineering records D) Acceptance of the rerate by the inspector or the piping engineer.

57) Local postweld heat treatment (PWHT) may be considered for piping repairs under all of the following conditions except when the: A) Pipe wall thickness exceeds inch (13mm)

B) PWHT is for environmental cracking resistance C) Material has higher than 12% chrome content D) Pipe diameter exceeds NPS 12 (DN 300)

58) A) B) C) D)

New connections installed on existing piping systems shall always be: Considered alterations Located downstream from any control valves Designed per the applicable code. 100% radiographed

59) While inspecting flanged joints, particular attention should be given to fasteners. Fasteners should extend completely through their nuts. Lack of engagement of the nut shall not excees: A) B) C) D) More than the thickness of one side of the nut More than two threads More than one thread Zero; the nut must be fully engaged.

60) A) B) C) D)

Substituting NDE procedures for a pressure test after an alteration: Is generally acceptable Is not allowed by API standard 570 Requires consultation with the inspector and a piping engineer Must comply with ASME B31.3

61) In-service ultrasonic testing measurements at the thickness measurement location (TML) points indicate thinning in the heat-affected zone of elbow-to-weld neck flange on an NPS 30 (DN 750) vapor line. What is the best method to determine the extent of deterioration during the next scheduled downtime? A) B) C) D) Internal inspection Ultrasonic A-scan of the elbow Spot radiograph of the welds Full radiograph of the elbow

62) The positive material identification (PMI) testing program within a warehouse: A) Must test a part of every alloy piping component received

B) Should not be regarded as an alternative to PMI testing of the fabricated piping system. C) Requires dismantling of valves to test individual parts D) Is a cost-effective alternative to PMI testing of the fabricated piping system.

63) Oxidation of carbon steel begins to become significant above what temperature? A) B) C) D) 650F (343C) 800F (427C) 1000F (538C) 1250F (677C)

64) Welders who qualify with one filler metal are qualified to weld with any filler metal having the same: A) B) C) D) F-number P-number A-number and P-number A-number

65) Which of the following steps should be taken when inspecting a buried pipe contained in a casing pipe that requires excavation? A) B) C) D) Verify that water and/or soil has not entered casing Excavate around the casing, and verify the thickness of the casing Remove the casing for inspection of the pressure-carrying piping No inspection is required, because the casing provides sufficient protection

66) For class 1 piping, the risk-based inspection (RBI) should be reviewed and approved at intervals not to exceed: A) B) C) D) 1 year 3 years 5 years 10 years

67) Of the following, which is not appropriate for measuring the skin temperature of hot spots? A) B) C) D) High-temperature ultrasonic A handheld pyrometer Temperature-indicating paints A portable thermocouple

68) Surface conditions of buried pipeline paths should be visually surveyed at approximately what intervals? A) B) C) D) 6 1 2 3 months year years years

69) According to API-570, materials used in repairing or altering piping systems must comply with which of the following? A) B) C) D) The same as the original construction materials Compatible with 7018 weld electrodes Approved by the maintenance manager Be of known weldable quality

70) Historically, material non-conformances with the greatest number of serious consequences have involved: A) B) C) D) Stainless steel components in Monel or Inconel piping systems Carbon steel components in low allow piping systems Carbon steel components in stainless steel piping systems Low alloy components in stainless steel piping systems

71) The most important location to establish a thickness measurement location (TML) in an injection circuit is: A) B) C) D) Downstream from the injected fluid on the pipe wall 25 feet downstream from the second change in flow direction 12 feet upstream from the injection point On the injection nozzle before the injection occurs

72) A) B) C) D)

A holiday survey can be used to evaluate which of the following? The effectiveness of cathodic protection Coating repair needs Coating thickness The need for additional anodes.

73) Which of the following is not an advantage in using radiography to determine pipe thickness? A) Piping insulation can remain intact during inspection B) Film negatives provide a permanent record of the condition of the pipe C) Isotope radiography is not an ignition source on the presence of hydrocarbons D) The cost of inspection is lower than other methods.

74)

According to API 570, an examiner:

A) Need not be an authorized piping inspector B) Evaluates the results of nondestructive examination (NDE) on piping systems. C) Must authorize all repair procedures, materials, and examination techniques before work is done. D) Must be an authorized piping inspector

75) An 8-foot-deep trench is dug to expose a section of buried pipe on which ultrasonic thickness measurements are to be taken. Which of the following must be completed prior to performing the examination? A) B) C) D) Remove all loose paint and scale on the entire run of exposed piping Ensure that sides of the trench are properly shored Confirm soil resistivity within 10 feet of the excavation Verify the operating pressure, temperature, and service

76) An NPS 16 (DN 400) gate valve has been inspected by taking thickness readings between its seats. The portion of the piping system in which the valve is installed is known to exhibit a great deal of erosion and corrosion. The reason for taking the thickness at this location is that: A) Seats in gate valves are areas of high turbulence and stress, and areas of concern due to erosion.

B) Deformation from over-tightening gate valves thins the seating area, leaving it susceptible to erosion C) Galvanic corrosion may be caused by the use of different materials for the seat and the body D) Gate valve seats are thin due to casting methods, and are prone to stress cracking.

77)

A repair to a crack can be considered permanent if:

A) A weld groove completely removes the defect and is then filled with weld metal deposit B) The piping component is hydrostatically tested to 150% of the maximum allowable pressure C) A box-type enclosure is installed D) A full encirclement welded split sleeve is installed per API 570

78) Which of the following is the most correct statement regarding a filletwelded external patch installed over a piping system defect? A) B) C) D) The The The The patch patch patch patch is considered a permanent repair. does not require rounded corners must be designed by a piping engineer is not designed with joint efficiency in mind.

79) Junctions where vibrating piping systems are restrained are logical places for which specific type of corrosion or cracking? A) Brittle fracture B) Stress corrosion cracking C) Environmental cracking D) Fatigue cracking

80) A carbon steel piping circuit in caustic service that was originally stress relieved: A) Should be examined at twice the inspection interval of systems that are not stress relieved B) Should be checked for cracking with magnetic particle testing C) Requires Brinell hardness testing at the first inspection interval D) Should never be hammer tested

Also, there were remaining life calculations with and without RBI assessments.

Thats the majority of the exam. If I can think anymore or find more like the ones on the exam Ill email them to you again.

Enjoy, Chris