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WHAT IS THE TRUE

MEANING OF HAPPINESS?

A Thematic Unit on How to Achieve Happiness

For ELA 12

Presented by: Heather Edmunds On December 14, 2012

Table of Contents

1) 2-4) 5-6) 7-19) 20-22) 23-25) 26)

Table of contents Overview Text Set and Annotated Bibliography

Unit Plan Schedule and Standards

Guided Reading Questions

Culminating Project Handout

Culminating Project Rubric

Overview
Summary:
While studying our anchor text The Great Gatsby, students will learn the roles that love and money play in achieving the American dream. We will study where the American dream originated and its role in The Great Gatsby. Then, we will study various examples of how-to articles and students will create their own article that answers the question: What does it mean to truly achieve success and happiness? Their article must include the purpose in writing this (what are they instructing people to do) and what things must be disregarded in ones journey to success and happiness. Overarching Essential Understanding: Having the ability to write a how to article is an interesting way to show what you have been studying and to motivate others to understand your research. Essential Understanding: A person can be wealthy beyond belief and show off their money to great extents. They can be popular, majestic and honorable, but if they dont have their one true desire, in this case love, they essentially have nothing. For them, the American dream cannot be achieved. Essential Question: What is the true meaning of happiness?

Rationale:
1) Administrators: Students will be able to search texts for meaning and perform analysis of text, similar to what will be needed in assessments. Students will be able to make connections between texts of different genres. Students will be creating and working with a genre of writing that they may have never experienced in past ELA classes. 2) Students: As high school seniors, it is important for students to think about life beyond your high school classroom. Thinking about a future goal in life is important and interesting for them to think about. They will find that such articles can be very helpful in

finding out information on many topics. It is important to know how to study multiple texts and to be able to construct your own idea and text from what you have studied. 3) My colleagues: Students will receive practice analyzing texts and relating it to others. They will also practice a new genre of writing that may spark their interest in continuing in the future. Also students will be able find meanings in a text and perform analysis.

Project-based learning:
This is a culminating project that students will find interesting and helpful because they are writing about something relatable to their future. They will be more motivated to put forth the effort as the project relates to them and their desires and opinions. Not to mention, other people outside of the school will be reading it so they will want to have a writing piece that is a good reflection on them.

Interdisciplinary justification:
This project is also incorporating history, as we are going to study the background of the American dream. Another factor involving history is that the novel is set in the 1920s this is a very stimulating era in our nations past. We are bringing our project out of the classroom by putting it out for display to our entire school and the local and online communities.

Respect for difference:


Students will get a chance to hear the opinions of their peers, all of which will have their own feelings on the topic and part of their assessment is how well they respect other people. With The Great Gatsby, we are exploring the lives of characters that live different lifestyles than all of the students would themselves. Also, by including different genres in the text set, I am trying to stimulate comfort among all students learning interests.

Assessments:
Students will show an analysis of the material by applying what they have comprehended from the texts to create their own text. Students will be able to make a formal article proving their precise thought and focus on achieving happiness. Students will also be assessed on their dedication to the revision process, including peer editing and teacher-student conferences. Students will be assessed on their presentation of their article in any of the four publication sites.

Text Set
Anchor text: Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner, 2004. Print.

Supporting texts: Coppola, Francis Ford. The Great Gatsby. Jack Clayton. Robert Redford, Mia Farrow. F. Scott Fitzgerald, 29 March 1974. Paramount Pictures. Videocassette. The beloved film The Great Gatsby has remained famous for decades. Audiences love seeing the renowned novel come to life in this film by wonderfully accredited director, Francis Ford Coppola. Starring the handsome well-known Robert Redford as Jay Gatsby himself, the movie is a delight.

o This is the film version of the novel though it has similarities and differences to the novel. We will examine these focusing specifically on the depiction of the American dream in the film. Students will be able to study what stands out in the movie as symbols of success and happiness. Robinson, Edwin Arlington. Richard Cory. The Children of the Night. 1897. Print. The poem Richard Cory is about a man who lives an extremely affluent life and it envied by all. His life however, ends as a result of his depression for not achieving happiness. o This is a poem that discusses a man named Richard Cory who is extremely wealthy like Gatsby and his admired yet envied for his luxurious lifestyle although, he ends up killing himself because he is not happy in life with only his money to comfort him. Students will examine what Richard Cory lacked
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and why. Students should then be able to relate the life of Richard Cory to Gatsbys life. They can compare what both men have and do not have.

Wood, Sally. Prepare for College: Planning Ahead Pays Off. Collegeview.com. Hobsons, Inc. 2012. Web. This is a how to article about preparing for college. It gives important information that adolescents should know as they prepare to apply for college. o This article will be used in our unit for the purposes of providing students with an example of a how to article so that they can write their own.

Unit Plan Schedule

Week 1

Monday

Topical Essential Question

Lesson Introduce anchor text, author and our countrys history, explaining where it came from and how it became important for people to achieve it. Followed by explanation of how The Great Gatsby is a famous text that displays life in the 1920s and how important the American dream was.

What was the most important goal for Americans in the 1920s?

Topical Essential Understanding Achieving the American Dream was the most important goal in the 1920s.

Homework None

Common Core Standards

Making connections between self, text, and the world around them (text, media, and social interaction).

Tuesday

Topical Essential Question How does critically reading a novel help with your construction of other texts?

Lesson Students will learn how to analyze texts critically and to pay attention to detail.

Topical Essential Understanding If you are a critical reader, you will know what your readers will be looking for when they read your text.

Homework Read chapter 1 and answer the guided reading questions.

Common Core Standards

Read, annotate, and analyze informational texts on topics related to diverse and nontraditional cultures and viewpoints.

Wednesday Topical Essential Question How would a distressed lifestyle of a wealthy couple influence you to write an article on how to achieve authentic happiness?

Lesson Go over characterization and how Fitzgerald constructed Tom and Daisys characters.

Topical Essential Understanding Recognizing depression in the life of a wealthy couple will prove that money cannot buy happiness. Also, in other classes, you can study the way authors describe people such as historical figures and what that means for their representation in history.

Homework Read chapter 2 and answer the guided reading questions.

Common Core Standards

Develop factual, interpretive, and evaluative questions for further exploration of the topic(s).
Adapt voice, awareness of audience, and use of language to accommodate a variety of cultural contexts.

Thursday

Topical Essential Question How does a writers ability to keep their audience in mind help them construct their work? How will the skill of considering your audience influence you as you write your how to article?

Lesson Students will learn how the intended audience of a text influences the authors writing.

Topical Essential Understanding A writer must have an intended audience if they are going to write an article that is trying to teach or persuade someone. If they dont think about who will be reading their work, it will not be as effective. Topical Essential Understanding A catchy title must be something that gets your readers interested but doesnt tell them too much about what you are going to say.

Homework Read chapter 3 and answer the guided reading questions.

Common Core Standards

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Friday

Topical Essential Question What makes a good title for an article?

Lesson Learn how to write a catchy title. Write a title that you could use if you were to write about the chapter you read for homework.

Homework Read chapter 4 and answer guided reading questions. Begin thinking about your opinion of what achieving success and happiness means.

Common Core Standards

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Week 2

Monday

Topical Essential Question Why is it important to brainstorm ideas before you write?

Lesson Students will brainstorm ideas about what it really means to achieve happiness, with a discussion on whether or not they believe Gatsby is living the American Dream.

Topical Essential Understanding It is important to brainstorm before writing so that you can figure out what you know about the topic before you begin writing. It is also helpful to work collaboratively with your peers to collect your thoughts and help each other. Topical Essential Understanding Studying the same topic from two different genres is useful in examining point of view and a different perspective than the reader had before. It may shed some light on new ideas.

Homework Read the poem Richard Cory.

Common Core Standards Develop factual, interpretive, and evaluative questions for further exploration of the topic(s). Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Tuesday

Topical Essential Question Why is it useful to examine a topic from different kinds of texts?

Lesson Go over Richard Cory and discuss why it was useful to compare a similar topic between two different texts, a novel and a poem.

Homework Read chapter 5 and answer the guided reading questions.

Common Core Standards Develop factual, interpretive, and evaluative questions for further exploration of the topic(s). Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

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Wednesday Topical Essential Question Why is it important to have background knowledge of what you are reading about before you work with a text?

Topical Essential Understanding Students will learn In the concept of how to break writing a how to down a text to article, it is figure out the important to reality from the deconstruct a text make-belief and to like The Great use that in creating Gatsby to be able a text of their own. to use the appropriate information to construct the ideas you are trying to relay in your article. This same concept can be used when writing a paper for history or another subject. Lesson Students will learn how to find trustworthy databases to get research from and will practice using them in a computer lab in class to research other peoples writing about The Great Gatsby, such as critical essays. Topical Essential Understanding If you are going to publishing your writing for other people to read, you want to make sure you only have accurate information.

Lesson

Homework None

Common Core Standards Respond to literature by employing knowledge of literary language, textual features, and forms to read and comprehend, reflect upon, and interpret literary texts from a variety of genres and a wide spectrum of American and world cultures

Thursday

Topical Essential Question Why is it essential to have factual, trustworthy databases to research from?

Homework Do a little research on The Great Gatsby. Come to class prepared to tell me what the genre of the novel is.

Common Core Standards

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

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Friday

Topical Essential Question Why is it important to know what genre you are reading from?

Lesson We will be defining A Novel of Manners. This is the genre of our anchor text and they will be able to get an understanding of the 1920s era and the social world that Fitzgerald recreated in his novel.

Topical Essential Understanding It is important to know the genre because it gives more information about the authors basis for writing. Understanding that this novel is Fitzgeralds way of re-creating the social world of the 1920s will help them in writing their article about the true meaning of happiness and how it was an allusion in this era in our nations history.

Homework Read chapter 6 and answer the guided reading questions.

Common Core Standards Make connections between self, text, and the world around them (text, media, social interaction). Create poetry, stories, plays, and other literary forms (e.g. videos, art work). Explore and inquire into areas of interest to formulate an argument.

Week 3 Monday Topical Essential Question Why is it important to compare and contrast a novel with the film adaptation? Lesson Watch the first half of the film The Great Gatsby. Take notes during the film on symbols that stand out to you as representations of characters success and happiness. Topical Essential Understanding Studying the similarities and differences between a novel and a film will provide extra perspectives about the topic at hand. Homework Write a couple paragraphs about the similarities and differences that you can notice between the novel and the film thus far. Common Core Standards Respond to literature by employing knowledge of literary language, textual features, and forms to read and comprehend, reflect upon, and interpret literary texts from a variety of genres and a wide spectrum of American and world cultures

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Tuesday

Topical Essential Question Why is a share-out classroom activity helpful?

Lesson Students will get into groups and share their responses to the similarities and differences they found between the novel and the film. Then we will get together as a class and share all together. Lesson Students will write out a skit in a group of four that displays their idea of something that adds to a true meaning of success and happiness. It can be about achieving a great love, etc. Lesson Students will take 10 minutes to rehearse their skit in their groups and the rest of the class will be devoted to performances. Groups must take notes on each others skits.

Wednesday Topical Essential Question How can performing skits with your class be helpful in your study of a topic?

Topical Essential Understanding The collaboration of every students ideas is comforting to students because it helps process thoughts on the topic and their collaboration will help them distinguish what is representing true happiness and success. Topical Essential Understanding Skits are helpful with putting yourself in anothers shoes. Whether it be a historical figure, a fictional character or otherwise.

Homework Read chapter 7 and answer he guided reading questions.

Common Core Standards Adapt voice, awareness of audience, and use of language to accommodate a variety of cultural contexts. Explore and inquire into areas of interest to formulate an argument.

Homework Read chapter 8 and answer the guided reading questions. Practice your part for your group skit.

Common Core Standards Develop a perspective or theme supported by relevant details. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Common Core Standards Develop a perspective or theme supported by relevant details. Explore and inquire into areas of interest to formulate an argument. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Thursday

Topical Essential Question How is putting yourself in an authentic situation help with developing your ideas?

Topical Essential Understanding This task is helpful in creating a sense of community with your peers and understanding their points of view because it might help you with finding your position on the topic.

Homework Read chapter 9 and answer the guided reading questions.

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Friday

Topical Essential Question How does finding a conclusion different than the one you were expecting affect your feelings on the topic?

Lesson Finish watching the movie, students will be taking notes while watching the film.

Topical Essential Understanding Examining the results to characters actions will help formulate an idea of good and bad choices.

Homework Re-write an ending to the novel. What might have Gatsbys life turned out if he were able to win over Daisy?

Common Core Standards Make connections between self, text, and the world around them (text, media, social interaction).

Week 4 Monday Topical Essential Question Why is a pair-share activity helpful after you write? Lesson Get together with a partner and share your new endings to the novel with each other. Your partner should be able to understand what went differently in your ending and how it specifically changed Gatsbys feelings and lifestyle. Topical Essential Understanding Working with a partner will help you find out if you were able to get your point across to an audience. If your partner doesnt understand your writing and cannot answer these questions, your writing was not as effective as it could have been. Homework None Seek to understand and communicate with individuals from different perspectives and cultural backgrounds. Common Core Standards

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Tuesday

Topical Essential Question What do you have to consider when you write a specific kind of text?

Lesson Students will learn how to write in an article format. Format should be in columns with appropriate headings for each paragraph. Your purpose for writing must be clearly stated.

Topical Essential Understanding You must keep the genre in mind. If you are writing an article you have to write in that format. You need to keep your purpose for writing in mind as well. This should be a skill for writing in any subject.

Homework Read Sally Woods article, Prepare for College: Planning Ahead Pays Off. Underline and circle things you think are important for an instructional article to include. Homework Begin writing the first draft of your article on how to achieve the true meaning of success and happiness.

Common Core Standards Recognize and illustrate social, historical, and cultural features in the presentation of literary texts. Adapt voice, awareness of audience, and use of language to accommodate a variety of cultural contexts.

Wednesday Topical Essential Question Why is it necessary to search for correlation in multiple texts of the same genre?

Lesson Class will go over what pieces of information must be included in a how to article and why.

Topical Essential Understanding It is necessary to look for correlation among these texts so that when you create one yourself, you are able to include those key pieces of information.

Common Core Standards Use their experience and their knowledge of language and logic, as well as culture, to think analytically, address problems creatively, and advocate persuasively. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

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Thursday

Topical Essential Question Why is it important to have class time to work on assignments?

Lesson Work in class on finishing up the first draft of your article. You may ask the teacher for help if needed.

Topical Essential Understanding It is important because it is a quiet time to work on something that will be your main focus. You will not be able to do other things as the teacher will not allow it. You will have the teacher and your peers there to help if needed. Topical Essential Understanding Working with another student, you will hear your writing out loud and it is helpful in noticing where you made errors. Then your partner is there to help you correct them and to suggest advice on ways to improve your writing.

Homework Finish the first draft of your article at home.

Common Core Standards

Produce text (print or nonprint) that explores a variety of cultures and perspectives.

Friday

Topical Essential Question Why is peer editing helpful?

Lesson Work with a partner and read your article aloud to each other.

Homework Working on revising your draft from the comments your partner suggested and make changes where you see fit.

Common Core Standards

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

Week 5 Monday Topical Essential Question Why is it useful to go over your writing with a teacher before you submit the final draft? Lesson Work on continuing to revise your articles, if you want to pair-up again with a different partner to share you can do that as well. I will be calling students up one by one to go over their article with them for a couple Topical Essential Understanding The teacher knows what a good article should look like and this is your opportunity to revise it if necessary before your writing gets submitted for everyone to see. Homework Make corrections that the teacher suggested, be ready to hand in your final copy. Common Core Standards

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

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minutes.

Tuesday

Topical Essential Question Why is it important that we reflect on our writing and the processes we worked with?

Lesson Write a reflection on your feelings about this project. What were the important things that you mastered to be able to write your article? What are you going to remember from this project that will help you in the future? Lesson Go around the class and have students discuss anything they would like to share about their article and what they reflected on it.

Topical Essential Understanding It is important to write about how you completed a project because this is the information that you are going to remember to use in the future.

Homework Finish your reflection piece if needed.

Common Core Standards Make connections between self, text, and the world around them (text, media, social interaction). Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Wednesday Topical Essential Question Why should we discuss our writing process with our class?

Topical Essential Understanding This process is also important in the transfer of information to students memories. Considering this is the information they are going to remember, it is also helpful in hearing what their peers learned from the project.

Homework Begin thinking about where you would like to submit your article.

Common Core Standards Create and present a text or art work in response to literary work: 1. Develop a perspective or theme supported by relevant details. 2. Recognize and illustrate social, historical, and cultural 17

features in the presentation of literary texts.

Thursday

Topical Essential Question Why is a local newspaper useful?

Lesson Show students how to submit their writing to the school newspaper, and local newspaper.

Topical Essential Understanding The local newspaper is useful because it has a great deal of information about the area you live in and it helps unite members of a community.

Homework If you would like to submit your article to one of the newspapers, do so.

Common Core Standards Seek to understand and communicate with individuals from different perspectives and cultural backgrounds. Seek to understand other perspectives and cultures and communicate effectively with audiences or individuals from varied backgrounds.

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Friday

Topical Essential Question Why is it useful to know how to navigate a website?

Topical Essential Understanding Explore Many websites like teenink.com and teenink.com are a our class website. useful source to Showing students submit your own how to submit work. It is their article online. important for you to know how to do so.

Lesson

Homework Submit your article on either teenink.com or our class website if you would like your article to be viewable online.

Common Core Standards Seek to understand and communicate with individuals from different perspectives and cultural backgrounds. Seek to understand other perspectives and cultures and communicate effectively with audiences or individuals from varied backgrounds.

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Guided Reading Questions

Chapter 1 (Homework Tuesday, Week 1) 1.) Given the short description Nick gives of Gatsby in chapter one Gatsby, who represented everything for which I have an unaffected scorn. If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him, what do you expect Gatsbys character to be like? 2.) So far, what do you think of Tom and Daisys lifestyle? 3.) Examine the final paragraph of chapter one. How do you think Fitzgerald is trying to make readers feel about Gatsbys character at this point in time?

Chapter 2 (Homework Wednesday, Week 1) 1.) Compare and contrast the characteristics of George Wilson to that of Tom Buchanan. How do these characteristics reflect on each mans lifestyles? 2.) What do you think about Toms alternate life in New York City with Myrtle? What does this reveal about Toms character? Focus specifically on his living situation, the flashy party he and Myrtle have.

Chapter 3 (Homework Thursday, Week 1) 1.) Nick tells readers a lot more about Gatsbys property in chapter three, does that feed into the expectations you had of his character from chapter one? Or does it do the opposite? 2.) Do you think Gatsbys party reflects positively or negatively on his character? Explain. 3.) Take a look at the car accident at the end of the party. What message is Fitzgerald trying to reveal in this scene with the drunken carelessness of these party guests? What might it say about the upper class as a whole in the era that is the Roaring Twenties?

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Chapter 4 (Homework Friday, Week 1) 1.) What stands out to you about Gatsbys past in the stories that he is telling Nick in chapter four? Do they redirect any of your feelings of Gatsby from chapters one or three? 2.) Do you think that Gatsbys wealth is related to Meyer Wolfsheims shady deals? 3.) What does Gatsby desire most in life? 4.) Do you think Gatsby has achieved the American dream?

Chapter 5 (Homework Tuesday, Week 2) 1) What do you think of Gatsbys eagerness to get Nick to help him meet with Daisy? 2) What are your thoughts about Gatsby wanting to pay Nick to make the arrangement? Do you think that is how Gatsby is used to dealing with things, to throw money into it? 3) By this time, it is clear to us that the image of Gatsbys arm stretched outward at the green light was his way of reaching out for Daisy. At the end of chapter five, it is clear how long Gatsby has been dreaming about being re-acquainted with Daisy, do you think it can become reality for him now that he has met with and talked to her?

Chapter 6 (Homework Friday, Week 2) 1) Gatsby and Tom are both extremely wealthy men. Even so, what differences do you see between them and how does that affect each of their lifestyles? 2) In chapter 6, Tom tries to tell Daisy that Gatsby earned his money through shady deals. What message is Tom trying to relay to Daisy to make Gatsby less attractive to her. 3) Why do you think that Tom thinks he is better than Gatsby? Does it mainly have to do with how they acquired their wealth, as though Tom feels that Gatsby is less deserving of a luxurious lifestyle? Or do you think he feels like he is better because he has Daisy and Gatsby doesnt?

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Chapter 7 (Homework Tuesday, Week 3) 1) Why does Gatsby stop throwing lavish parties? 2) What does this say about his goal in life? 3) As the information about Daisys affair with Gatsby surfaces, we see Daisy siding more and more with her husband Tom. Do you think Gatsby can still achieve his idea of the American dream, to live happily ever after with Daisy? 4) What do you see happening for Gatsby in the future now that Tom and Daisy have reunited in the end of this chapter?

Chapter 8 (Homework Wednesday, Week 3) 1) What are your thoughts about the way Gatsby waited outside the Buchanans house for so long while nothing happened? 2) How is this a reflection on Gatsbys life? 3) Before Nick leaves Gatsby, he says to him, Theyre a rotten crowdYoure worth the whole damn bunch put together. Nick says it was important for him to have said that because it was the only compliment he had ever given him, this shows Nicks approval of Gatsby. If you were in Gatsbys situation, how would you feel about Nick making this comment to you? 4) Following the event that occurs at the end of this chapter, what do you have to say about Gatsbys progress in achieving his desired goal? What message is Fitzgerald trying to relay about the American dream?

Chapter 9 (Homework Thursday, Week 3) 1) Given the lack of attendance at Gatsbys funeral, do you believe Gatsby gained love and acceptance from anyone in his life? Explain. 2) How far did Gatsbys wealth get him in life? 22

What is Success?
In the course of the next five weeks, we will be reading The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald. This novel focuses on achieving the American dream. We will explore what this means exactly and how the novel makes readers rethink the fantasy of the American Dream. Following our reading of the text, we will decide what the true meaning of happiness and success is and whether or not being wealthy is the biggest factor. Then, we will be writing a how to article in order to instruct someone else how to achieve happiness. Once we have finished writing and we go through the editing and revision processes, students will have the choice of where to submit their writing.

You have the choice of submitting it to: 1. The school newspaper (there will be a limited number of spots available) 2. The local newspaper (only a few will be chosen) 3. Our class website 4. Teenink.com

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What you will notice: o Happiness and success have different meanings for different people o Love and Money are two HUGE factors that will affect ones opinion

What you will learn: o How to write a how to article o How to research efficiently and effectively o How to take what you study from one text and use it in different situations

You will be assessed on the effort that you put forth on creating your article as that is what I am really looking forEffort! I really want you to think about the factors that influence happiness and success in life and the steps you have to take to achieve it. I will give you a grade on your writing piece but you will have a lot of help from your peers and me in order to do a nice job on your writing. As long as you show me you are trying, I will help you do well. You will be able to self-assess yourself by your progression and improvement with your writing and how well you understand the true meaning of happiness and success.

Standards that this project will meet: Making connections between the self, text, and the world around you (text, media, social interaction). Use the experience and knowledge of language and logic, as well as culture, to think analytically, address problems creatively, and advocate persuasively.

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Develop factual, interpretive, and evaluative questions for further exploration of the topic.

Read, annotate, and analyze informational texts on topics related to diverse and nontraditional cultures and viewpoints.

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

Produce text (print or nonprint) that explores a variety of cultures and perspectives. Create and present a text or art work in response to literary work.

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Rubric

Below Expectations

Approaching Expectations

Meets Expectations

Above Expectations

Exceeding Expectations

Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar Title

10 or more errors

6-9 errors

4-5 errors

2-3 errors

One or fewer errors


Title is catchy, precisely defines articles motives
Describes the purpose for writing, explains expected outcome of article and explains their intended audience

Title is missing

Title is evident but doesnt necessarily relate to article

Title is evident but is not precise

Title is evident and precisely defines the articles motives

Purpose Explained

Purpose is not explained

Relies on title to explain purpose of article

Articles purpose is stated with little detail

Describes the purpose for the article explaining what readers will be able to accomplish

Organization of article

Paragraphs are not in columns, non-consecutive order of paragraphs, no headings are evident

Not very organized, consecutive order is apparent but not in all areas, no headings are evident

Neat, organized formatted into columns information is in consecutive order, minimal headings are evident

Neat, consecutive order and organized paragraphs into columns but lacks appropriate headings

Neat, stepby-step format of directions, consecutive order, while having appropriate separation of paragraphs into columns with appropriate headings. May include bullet points

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