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You are on page 1of 8

Page No:

Ex.No.:

G1

G2

T2

T1

0.2 5 + 0 .7 j

0.1+0.4j

0 .1

55

+0.

0.1+0.35j

Line

Number

1

2

3

4

5

Starting

Bus

1

2

2

3

4

0.15+0.6j

Ending

Bus

2

3

4

4

1

Series Line

Impedance

0.1+0.4j

0.15+0.6j

0.18+0.55j

0.1+0.35j

0.25+0.7j

Line Changing

Admittance

0.15j

0.02j

0.018j

0.012j

0.03j

Date:

Page No:

Ex.No.:

AIM:

To develop a program to obtain bus impedance matrix Z-bus of the given power

system.

THEORY:

Z-bus matrix is an important matrix used in different kinds of power system study

such as short circuit study, load flow study etc.

In short circuit analysis the generator uses transformer impedance must be taken

into account. In quality analysis the two-short element are neglected by forming the z-bus

matrix which is used to compute the voltage distribution factor. This can be largely

obtained by reversing the y-bus formed by resection method or by analytical method.

Taking inverse of the y-bus for large system in time conditioning managing modification

in the system requires whole process to be repeated to voltage changes in the system. In

such cases z-bus computed to z-bus solving algorithm.

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Read the values such as number of lines, number of buses and line data, generator

data and transformer data.

Step 2: Initialize y-bus matrix y-bus[i] [j] =complex.

Step 3: Compute y-bus matrix by considering only line data.

Step 4: Modifies the y-bus matrix by adding the transformer and the generator admittance

to the respected diagonal elements for y-bus matrix.

Step 5: Compute the z-bus matrix by the modified y-bus matrix.

Step 6: Check the iteration by multiplying modified y-bus matrix to z-bus and check

whether the resulting matrix is a unit matrix or not.

Step 7: Print the z-bus matrix.

HAND CALCULATION:

Step1: Read the line data.

Step2: Initialize y-bus data. y-bus[i] [j] =complex (0.0, 0.0).

Step3: Compute y-bus matrix.

Y11 = (1/Z12) + (1/Z14) + Yc12 + Yc14

= (1/ (0.1+0.4j)) + (1/ (0.1+0.25j)) + 0.0075j + 0.006j

= 1.3430 - 4.981j

Y22 = (1/Z23) + (1/Z24) + (1/Z21) + Yc23 + Yc24 + Y21

= (1/ (0.15+0.6j)) + (1/ (0.25+0.7j)) + (1/ (0.1+0.4j)) + 0.01j + 0.015j + 0.0075j

Date:

Page No:

Ex.No.:

START

LINES AND LINE DATAS

INITIALIZE THE Y-BUS MATRIX

Consider line 1 = 1

i = sb(1); I = eb(1)

Y(I,j) = Y(I,i)+Yseries(I)+0.5Yseries(I)

Y(I,j) = Y(I,1)+Yseries(i)+0.5Yseries(I)

Y(I,j) = Yseries(I)

Y(I,1) = Y(I,j)

Is

I = nl

I=I+1

Point Y - Bus

Modified Y-Bus

Stop

Date:

Page No:

Ex.No.:

= 1.4329 - 5.1562j

Y33 = (1/Z34) + (1/Z32) + Y34 + Y32

= (1/ (0.018+0.55j)) + (1/ (0.15+0.6j)) + 0.009j + 0.01j

= 0.926 - 3.1919j

Y13 = Y31= 0.0006 + 0.00j

Y23 = -1/ (0.15 + 0.6j)

= -0.8922 + 1.5686j

Y14 = Y41 = -1/ (0.1 + 0.35j)

= 0.7547 + 2.64j

Y24 = Y42 = -1/ (0.2 + 0.7j)

= -0.425 + 1.2670j

Y34 = Y43 = -1/ (0.18 + 0.55j)

= -0.5375 + 1.6423j

Y44 = (1/Z34) + (1/Z41) + (1/Z42) + Y34 + Y41 + Y42

= 1/ (0.18 + 0.55j) + 1/ (0.1 + 0.359j) + 1/ (0.25 + 0.1j) + 0.089j + 0.006j + 0.015j

Step4:

Modified Y-matrix

Adding the transformation and the generator admittance to the respective diagonal elements Y-bus

matrix is formed as follows.

Y11mod = Y11old + 1/ (ZT4 + ZT1)

= 1.3430 - 4.981j + 1/ (0.25 + 0.08j)

= 1.3430 8.5524j

Y22mod = Y22old +1/(ZT2+ZT3)

=1.4329-8.0132j

Y33mod=Y33old+0.9296-3.1919j

Y44mod=Y44old+1.7447-5.5208j

The modified Y-bus matrix is as follows

1.3430-8.5524j

-0.588+2.35j

-0.58+2.35j

1.432-8.013j

0.00+0.00j

-0.89+5.68j

-0.75+2.6145j

-0.452+1.267j

Step5:

0.0069+0.195j

-0.0084+0.11j

-0.0084+0.11j

0.012+0.158j

Step6:

Verify check matrix

-0.008+0.011j

0.11+0.217j

0.006+0.1881j

-0.007+0.159j

0.00+0.00j

-0.39+1.58j

0.929+3.19j

- 0.537+1.54j

-0.043+0.13j

0.0064+0.88j

0.1008+0.517j

0.282+0.26j

-0.75+2.64j

-0.45+1.26j

-0.53+1.64j

1.744+5.250j

0.012+0.138j

-0.007+0.159j

0.282+0.263j

0.060+3.55j

Date:

Ex.No.:

Page No:

Date:

Page No:

Ex.No.:

Check matrix=[YBUSMOD]*[ZBUS]

1.00+4.16j

2.77e-16+2.77e-17

2.22e-16+5.5e-17j

2.22e-16+5.55e-17j

1.38+4.16e-17j

1.00+2.77e-17

2.22e-16+4.16e-17j

2.20e-16+0.00j

0.00-0.378e-19j

5.511e-17-1.38e-17

1.00-5.5e-17j

0.00+0.00j

0.00+0.00j

-1.1e-16-0.00j

0.00-5.5e-17j

1.00+0.00j

Date:

Ex.No.:

Page No:

Date:

Page No:

Ex.No.:

RESULT:

The program has been developed to compute the Z-bus matrix and thus result are verified

by multiplying the modified Y-bus matrix and Z-bus matrix to get unit matrix.

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