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# SMJK CHUNG LING PULAU PINANG SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2011 PHYSICS PAPER 1 CLASS: _________________ NAME: ___________________________

Answer all questions 1. Diagram 1 shows a wire winding round a pencil to measure its diameter by using a ruler. TIME: 1 H 15 MIN

## Diagram 1 The diameter of the wire is 4. A 0.08 cm B 0.09 cm C 0.80 cm D 0.90 cm

K = 29 cm3 L = 2900 mm3 M = 2.9 -4 m3 10

2. Which of the following is true about systematic errors? A. Errors that occur because of mistakes made when readings are taken from the scale of the instrument used for measurement. B. Errors that are made when the average of a number of readings is not taken C. Errors that are due to the measuring instrument. D. Errors that are due to the position of the eye of the observer 3. The current, I in a uniform wire is inversely proportional to its length, l if the potential difference, V is constant. Which of the following graphs represents the relationship between I and l?

The volumes of three liquids, K, L and M are as shown above. Which of the following is the correct arrangement of the liquids according to volume, in descending order? A B L, K, M L, M, K C M, L, K D M, K, L

5. Diagram 2 shows the zero mark of a vernier calipers. Diagram 3 shows the reading produced when it is used to measured the thickness of a wooden block.

Diagram 2
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Diagram 3

Which of the following is the measurement of the thickness of the wooden block? A 3.11 cm B 3.15 cm C 3.21 cm D 3.66 cm

is held constant for a long time, how will the object move? A. It will stop moving immediately when the force is applied. B. It will decelerate and then stop. C. It will decelerate, stop and then move in the opposite direction with a constant acceleration. D. It will decelerate, stop and then move in the opposite direction with a constant speed. 9. Tom, Dick, Ali and Raju stand on concrete steps as shown in the Diagram 6. Each person carries an equally sized sphere of different mass. They drop the spheres onto a smooth level sand pit.

## 6. The graph in Diagram 4 shows the motion of an object.

Diagram 4 What is the distance moved by the object when it travels with constant velocity? A B 40 m 80 m C 120 m D 160 m

## 7. The Diagram 5 shows the velocity-time graph of an object.

Diagram 5 Diagram 6 What can be said about the resultant force acting on the object? A. It is zero B. It is constant C. It is increasing D. It is decreasing 8. An object is moving in a straight line at 6 ms-1when a constant force acts on it from the opposite direction. If the force Whose sphere would sink the deepest in the sand? A Toms B Dicks C Alis D Rajus

10. Two loads, W1 and W2 are attached to the ends of a rope PQ which is hung over a frictionless pulley as shown in the Diagram 7.

12. Diagram 9 shows three identical springs fixed onto a wall. A piece of plank is placed on a smooth surface at the end of the springs. A force F is applied to move the plank towards the wall.

Diagram 9 Diagram 7 Load W1 moves downwards when it is released from rest. Which of the following statement is true? A. Load W1 moves downwards with uniform acceleration. B. Load W2 moves upwards with uniform velocity. C. Tension in the rope equals to W2. D. Tension in the rope equals to (W1 + W2) 11. Diagram 8 shows a strip of ticker-tape before and after the collision of trolleys A and B. Trolley B is stationary before the collision, Trolley A and B are stuck and move in one direction after collision. Which of the following graphs shows the variation of force with distance correctly?

13. Diagram 10 shows a cuboid measuring 4 cm 5 cm 20 cm with a density of 4.0 g cm-3. The minimum pressure that can be exerted by the cuboid is

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## Diagram 10 A 1600 Pa B 5500 Pa C 6325 Pa D 8000 Pa

14. Diagram 11 shows four containers filled with same coloured liquid.

A 5 cm B 10 cm

C 12 cm D 15 cm

17. Diagram 14 shows the reading a spring balance when a load of mass m is in air and when the load is immersed in water. Diagram 11 At which of the points, P, Q, R or S is the pressure the lowest? A P B Q C R D S

15. The Diagram 12 shows a mercury barometer. The atmospheric pressure is 100 000 Pa. What is the pressure at X? Diagram 14 The buoyant force on the load by the water is equal to A. B. C. D. Diagram 12 A 20 000 Pa B 80 000 Pa C D 120 000 Pa 180 000 Pa 18. Which of the following does not operate using Bernoullis principle? A. B. C. D. Bunsen burner Carburettor Perfume sprayer Hydrometer + ( + ) mg

## 16. Diagram 13 shows a hydraulic pump.

19. The Diagram 15 shows a mercury-inglass thermometer. The distance between -10C and 110C is 25 cm.

Diagram 13 The cross-sectional area of piston P and piston Q is 5 cm2 and 100 cm2 respectively. If load X is displaced 0.5 cm upward by piston Q, how far is piston P displaced downward?
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Diagram 15

## At what temperature will the mercury thread be 15 cm long? A 50 C B 60 C C 62 C D 72 C

20. Which of the following pairs of object have different specific heat capacities? Diagram 16 A. 1 kg of water at 15C and 1 kg of water at 30C B. A rectangular block of aluminium of mass 1 kg and a cylindrical block of aluminium of mass 1 kg C. 1 kg of coil in a glass container and 1 kg of oil in a metal container D. 1 kg of solid naphthalene and 1 kg of liquid naphthalene 21. Latent heat of vaporization is greater than the latent heat of fusion. Which statement below describes the above statement correctly? A. When a substance changes from solid to liquid state, the kinetic energy of atoms remains unchanged. B. Latent heat of fusion is used to break the bonds between the atoms of the solid. C. Latent heat of vaporization is used to increase the kinetic energy of the atoms. D. When a substance changes from liquid state to gaseous state, additional work has to be done to overcome the atmospheric pressure. A 35 C B 65 C Diagram 17 C 333 C D 370 C

23. A beam of light from a torch light is aimed at an arrangement of four flat mirrors. Which diagram shows the path that the light beam follows?

24. An object is placed between the focal point F and the centre of curvature C of a concave mirror as shown in the Diagram 18. The radius of curvature is 20 cm.

Diagram 18 22. Diagram 16 shows a cylinder containing gas of 30C at atmospheric pressure. If the gas is heated so that it expands from length l to length 2l as shown in the Diagram 17, what is the final temperature of the gas? How far should the object be moved from its original position, so that an image of the same size is produced? A 6 cm B 10 cm
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C 14 cm D 20 cm

25. Diagram 19 shows an object which is placed at 4 cm from the centre of a convex lens, with a focal length of 20 cm.

A B C D

## Focal length of Objective lens,fo Eyepiece, fe 5 cm 20 cm 10 cm 40 cm 15 cm 11 cm 16 cm 4 cm

Diagram 19 Which of the following characteristics of the image is incorrect when the object is placed at 10 cm, 15 cm, 35 cm and 45 cm from the lens? u / cm A B C D 10 15 35 45 Characteristics of image Virtual, magnified Virtual, magnified Real, diminished Real, diminished the

28. Diagram 21 shows a wavefront pattern produced by a spherical dipper. The dipper is attached to a motor which is vibrating at a frequency of 20 Hz in a ripple tank.

Diagram 21 Determine the speed of the wave. A B 300 cms-1 60 cms-1 C 0.75 cms-1 D 1.33 cms-1

26. Diagram 20 shows a light ray travelling from air into a glass prism.

29. The Diagram 22 shows the waves in a ripple tank in which the water in parts P and Q is of different depth. Which conclusion can be made about the speed and the wavelength of the waves in P and Q? Diagram 20 What is the critical angle of the glass? A 43 B 47 C 68 D 69

27. In designing a simple astronomical telescope with magnification of 4, which pair of convex lens should be used?

Diagram 22

A. V1 is greater than V2. The wavelength is greater in Q. B. V1 is greater than V2. The wavelength is greater in P. C. V1 is less than V2. The wavelength is greater in Q. D. V1 is less than V2. The wavelength is greater in P. 30. Diagram 23 shows the fringes obtained from a double-slit experiment using a monochromatic light of wavelength 5 m. The separation of the double slit is 0.15 mm.

If the microphone is moved further away from the tuning fork, what will the trace on the oscilloscope look like?

## 32. Diagram 26 shows a piece of glass plate submerged in the water.

Diagram 23 What is the distance between the double slit and the screen? Diagram 26 A 6m B 9m C 15 m D 18 m Which of the following shows the direction in which the wave travels after passing through the glass plate?

31. The Diagram 24 shows a tuning fork that emits note. A microphone is held at a distance from the tuning fork. The note detected by the microphone is displayed on an oscilloscope.

33. Diagram 27 shows an electromagnetic spectrum. Diagram 24 The trace on the oscilloscope is as shown in the Diagram 25

Diagram 27 Diagram 25
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Which of the following represents U and V S T U A X-ray Ultravio Infrared let B Infrared Ultravio X-ray let C X-ray Radio Ultravi waves olet D Ultravio Infrared X-ray let

Which of the following actually have the same arrangement? A P and Q B P and R C Q and R D R and S

36. The Diagram 30 shows a torch which contains two new dry cells in series. Each cell has an e.m.f of 1.5 V and an internal resistance of 0.5 .

34. A uniform resistance wire X is connected in a circuit as shown in the Diagram 28 Diagram 30 If the bulb has a resistance of 1.0 , what is the current in the bulb? Diagram 28 When a length of 80 cm of wire X is used in the circuit, the voltmeter and ammeter readings are 1.2 V and 0.4 A respectively. What is the resistance of 160 cm of wire? A 1.5 B 3.0 C 4.5 D 6.0 A 0.75 A B 1.00 A C 1.20 A D 1.50 A

37. A charged sphere at Y experienced a force of 3 N to the right when it is placed between the two charged plates as shown in the Diagram 31

35. Each of the circuits in the Diagram 29 contains a cell and three resistors R1, R2 and R3 which are similar. Diagram 31 What is the type of charge on Y and what is the force acting on it when it is moved to the middle of the two plates? Charge on Y Positive Negative Positive Negative Force exerted on Y 3N 3N 4.5 N 4.5 N

Diagram 2
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A B C D

38. Four resistors R1, R2, R3 and R4 are connected as shown in the Diagram 32

Diagram 32 When the switch is closed, which resistor will dissipate at the highest rate? A R1 B R2 C R3 D R4

Diagram 34 41. The Diagram 35 shows two iron rods suspended side by side inside a coil by two elastic cords. When the circuit is closed at K, what will happen to the rods?

39. The Diagram 33 shows an electromagnet with the switch T open. A bar magnet is placed near it.

Diagram 35 A. B. C. D. The rods repel each other. The rods attract each other. The rods move upwards. The rods move downwards.

Diagram 33 When the switch is closed, in which direction will the bar magnet move? A J B K C L D M

## 42. The Diagram 36 shows a magnet moving into a solenoid.

40. The Diagram 34 shows a brass rod supported on two copper rails which are connected to a battery. The North pole of the magnet is placed as shown beneath the rails. In which of the directions A, B, C and D does the brass rod experience a force?

Diagram 36 Which of the following changes would cause the needle to deflect in the opposite direction?

A. Push the solenoid towards the magnet. B. Pull the South pole away from the solenoid. C. Move the magnet and the solenoid at the same speed to the right. D. Move the solenoid away from the magnet and keep the magnet stationary. 43. The Diagram 37 shows a generator with its coil in the horizontal position.

A. L has less eddy current loses. B. K has more leakage of magnetic flux C. K has less magnetization and demagnetisation D. L has less heating effect in the wires. 45. The impurity atom that is doped into silicon to form the n-type semiconductor is a A. B. C. D. monovalent atom divalent atom trivalent atom pentavalent atom

Diagram 37 What type of generator is this and at what position of the coil will the generator produce maximum induced e.m.f? Type of generator a.c. generator d.c. generator a.c. generator d.c. generator Coil position Vertical Vertical Horizontal Horizontal

46. The Diagram 39 shows the trace obtained when the generator is connected to the input terminals of a cathode ray oscilloscope. Assuming that the Y-gain is set at 10 Vcm-1 and the time-base is at 2.0 ms cm-1, what is the frequency of the rotation of the coil and the output peak voltage of the generator?

A B C D

Diagram 39 44. Diagram 38 shows two designs of iron core for making transformers. A B C D Peak voltage / V 15 15 30 30 Frequency / Hz 500 200 500 200

## Diagram 38 Design L is more efficient than design K because

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47. Diagram 40 shows an automatic switch circuit that lights up a bulb during daytime.

49. The carbon in the body of all animals contains some radioactive carbon. At the time when any animal dies, each gram of carbon in its body emits about 16 beta particles per minute. Some animal remains are discovered. It is found that 4 beta particles are emitted per minute for each gram of carbon in the remains. The half-life radioactive carbon is 6000 years. How old are the remains of the animals? A 1500 years B 3000 years C 6000 years D 12 000 years

Diagram 40 What is the modification that needs to be done to light up the bulb at night? A. Interchange R1 and R2 B. Interchange R1 and R3 C. Replace the n-p-n transistor with pn-p transistor D. Reverse the terminals of the batteries 48. Diagram 41 shows a logic gate circuit.

50. Which of the following diagrams correctly shows deflection of , and rays in a uniform magnetic field pointing into the paper?

Diagram 41 Which of the following is the correct truth table for the above logic gate? Questions End

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