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# SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION

Elaboration: Teachers and students discuss: - Definition simple harmonic motion - Force restorer - Equation deviation in simple harmonic motion - Equation of speed, acceleration, period and frequency of the simple harmonic motion. - When the speed and acceleration in simple harmonic motion of the maximum value. - The motion of the simple pendulum swing - Equation period and frequency of the simple pendulum - The equation of potential energy, kinetic energy, and mechanical energy in the spring.

Matter:

Simple harmonic motion is the motion back - behind the object through a certain equilibrium point to the number of vibrations per second object in constant (concept) Type of Simple Harmonic Motion can be divided into two parts, namely Simple Harmonic Motion (GHS) Linear, for example, the vacuum in the gas cylinder, the oscillation motion of the mercury / water in the pipe U, motion horizontal / vertical springs, and so on. (fact) Simple Harmonic Motion (GHS) Angular, pendulum movement / physical pendulum, oscillating swing torque, and so on. Examples of Simple Harmonic Motion

## Harmonic motion on the pendulum

When the load is suspended on the swing and not given force, the object would at the balance point B. If the load is drawn to point A and released, then the load will move to B, C, and then back to A. Movement of the load will be repeated periodically, in other words, the load on the swing in the conduct simple harmonic motion (fact) Harmonic motion on a spring

Vertical motion in the spring All spring has natural length as shown in Figure [2]. When an object is connected to the end of a spring, the spring will stretch (lengthen) the extent to y. Spring will reach equilibrium if not given external force (pulled or shaken) (principle) Magnitude Physics Pendulum Swings ] Period (T) Simple harmonic moving objects on a simple swing has a period. Swing period (T) is the time required to perform one vibration of objects. Object is said to have a vibration when the object moves from the point where the object began to move again and again to the point. Unit is the second or the second period. (concept) Frequency (f) Frequency is the number of vibrations made by the body for a second, which meant the vibe here is a complete vibration. Unit of frequency is the hertz. (concept)

Relations between Period and Frequency Frequency is the number of vibrations that occur during one second. Thus, the time interval required to perform one vibration is 1 sekon= sekon Lapse of time required

to perform one vibration is the period. Thus, the mathematical relationship between period and frequency are as follows: T=

f=
Amplitude

(concept)

In simple swing, in addition to the period and frequency, there is also the amplitude. Amplitude is the maximum displacement from the equilibrium point. (concept) Force Restorer Restoring force possessed by any object exposed elastic force so that the object is deformed elastically. Force arising in elastic objects to retract objects attached to it called the restoring force. (concept) Force Restorer in spring The spring is one example of elastic objects. By the nature of this elasticity, a spring fed compressive force or tensile force will return to the original state when equilibrium forces acting on it is removed. Restoring force on the spring widely used in the fields of engineering and everyday life. For example, in shock breaker and spring. A spring vibration damping function when the wheels of vehicles passing through uneven roads [4]. Springs - springs are arranged in the spring will provide comfort when people are sleeping. (principle)

Hooke's law

Robert Hooke If the forces acting on the spring is removed, it will spring back to its original state. Robert Hooke, an English scientist concluded that the elastic properties of the spring there is a limit and the spring force is proportional to the length of the spring. From the research conducted, it was found that the restoring spring force is proportional to the length of the spring. Mathematically, it can be written as: F=-kx With k = spring constant (N / m) (concept)

Sign (-) is given as the restoring force in the direction opposite to the direction of motion of the spring the spring.

Composition of spring Spring constant can change its value, if the spring - spring is arranged into a series. Great spring constant total circuit depends on the type of circuit spring, the spring series or parallel circuit.

Series / Series Forces acting on each spring is equal to F, so the spring will experience long for and. In general, the total spring constant in series expressed by the equation:

+..+

(concept)

## , With kn = spring constant to - n.

Parallel If a series of spring is pulled by a force of F, each spring will experience a pull force of and, the length of and. In general, the total spring constant of the coupled parallel expressed by the equation: ktotal = k1 + k2 + k3 + .... + kn, with kn = spring constant to - n. (concept) Force Restorer on Mathematical Pendulum Swings

Mathematical pendulum swing Mathematical swing is a particle mass is suspended from a fixed point on a rope, where the mass of the rope can not be ignored and the string length increases. From the picture, there is a mass load is hanging by a fine wire along its mass is negligible. If the pendulum is moving vertically with an angle, is the restoring force pendulum. Mathematically it can be written: F = mg sin because of sin = so, F = mg

(concept)

Equation, Velocity, and Acceleration Simple Harmonic Motion Simple Harmonic Motion Equation Simple Harmonic Motion equation is: y = A sin t Description: Y = deviation A = maximum deviation (amplitude) t = time

(concept)

If the initial angular position is, the simple harmonic motion equation becomes: y = A sin t +

Simple Harmonic Motion Speed From the simple harmonic motion equation

(A sin t)

v = A cos t

## Simple Harmonic Motion Acceleration

a=

(A cos t)

a = - A2 cos t (concept)