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Sustainable Development Coordinator CARE Peru

Alejandro Rojas Sarapura

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Before country people were different. We were forgotten, marginalized and poorly regarded because we wore skirts and sandals. The animals we had were creoles, natives, not of good race. CARE has come to enable us. We have reflected and attended the training. The women never met together, they never had a leader. This is changing now. Tomasa Chipana, Huancan, Puno, Per.

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National Government
Microfiance

Organization and Association

Corporate Social Responsibility

Technical Assistance Providers (PAT)

Comercialization and the market

Local Government

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Local young people without higher education or graduates of local universities and colleges with service-oriented enterprise who are trained to provide technical assistance to small rural producers based on demand.

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Families have access to PAT only for the duration of the project. Culture barriers to the provision of PAT. Unsustainable results Weak market linkage for small farmers Producers wasted opportunities beyond the life of the project. Lack of coordination between technical courses and field needs

Families have access to PAT in a sustainable manner. PAT are from the same community. PAT receive income for services rendered. PAT consolidate supply of small producers. PAT diversify services and provide information to producers. Local youth are engaged in profitable activities.

Before

After
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PUNO

The PAT is a young man chosen by the Community Assembly and is trained to provide technical assistance to small farmers.

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Puno is the second poorest department en Peru. 79% poverty and 50% in extreme poverty. Low income, low productivity and poor quality of livestock in offer, commercial constraints put on farmers. Between December 2005 and November 2008, CARE Peru implemented the project Income and Employment Generation in family production units of the high mountains, through the development of value chains of beef cattle in the department of Puno.
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The project developed strategized based on the value chain approach, capacity building, creation of local technical assistance services (PAT) and the establishment of partnerships.

Finally, households increased their net income by 76%. The goal was 25%.

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Local youth chosen to work in their community. Most of them with basic education. Service oriented and fixed residence in the community where they operate. Trained in fattening, breeding, identification and treatment of simple illnesses. PAT speak the local language. PAT charge for the services they offer.

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National service of agrarian health (SENASA) National Institute of Agriculture Research (INIA) Local governments Private providers of agricultural and veterinary supplies.

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Organization of productivity chain Identification of potential PAT Transfer of skills with a focus on results:
Farming and marketing of cattle Forage grasses Artificial insemination

Partnerships Promotion of PAT services Support and monitoring

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200 to 1500 grams/day, improved weight gain. From 18 to 4 months: decreased the fattening period 76% increase in net income of families (Target: 25%) Over 20 million soles in sales (US $7,650,000) 500 to 800 soles/month: income from farming activities 109 PAT formed: three thousand attended to 187 families of farmers.

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The impact assessment was carried out by a company after two years of the completion of the project, a total of 182 beneficiary households and 120 controlled households. Average income in 2007 (Group 1) was s/.7,346 (U$2,772). Average income in 2010 (Group 2) was s/. 13,309 (U$5,022). 81% increase in income compared to 2007. Poverty fell from 81% to 29%. 27.8% of families and 7.5% in the controlled group save.
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The impact assessment found that the key elements of the sustainability of the project were: (i) training of PAT, (ii) Increasing productivity of beef cattle (balanced diet, sheds and stables) through capacity building, (iii) clear strategies for maketing (selection and transport). Change in the balance of power empowerment of women. Improvements not only objective but also subjective. A greater sense of well being in the households operated, whose members reported satisfaction with the increased revenue, the sense of living well, belonging to a middle class or higher, and changes in self-perception of poverty.

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The role of PAT


Buyer Final Market

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Small Holders(Average Ha)

Model of access for small producers to market: Case Artichokes


credit $2.30 doc Credit Payment Pay the credit $2.35 doc

< Ha

Microfinance Institution

< Ha

< Ha

< Ha

Technical Assistance Provider - PAT -

Exporter? Market
Products of + 3 ha

< Ha

< Ha

Technical Support Gathering $0.05 doc

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Leading producers 1 to 2 producers from community Participate actively in meetings and trainings Competency-based assessment (procedural, attitudinal, knowledge), in the development of training workshops. Graduation:
Of a total of 120 participants, 82 PAT were able to graduate.

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Modules
General Competency Module 01: Process Extension and Technical Transfer Module 02:

Competencies
Promotes the development of the business, social and technial skills of PAT through training. Transfer of technology and suppor tto guide sustainable development. Transfer of cocoa farming technologies to PAT, as part of technology development programs.

Agricultural Management of cocoa, with modern approaches to agricultural (Fertilization and extension. Productivity) Module 03: Farmer Field Schools Module 04: Business Organization and Management
Promotes the facilitation techniques of PAT through experiential methodology and exchange of experience to improve productivity in the cultivation of cocoa. Knows and applies the basic tools and the importance of corporate strategic management, business vision of cocoa, investment records, niche markets, associativity and formalizatin.
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Provides technical assistance to the PAT on the cultivation

Three Associations of Technical Assistance Providers (ASPAT) have been formed: ASPAT Green Action, composed of 19 members, Chirinos District The Coipa ASPAT Brisas del Valle Azul, consisting of 20 members, District San Ignacio, Huarango. ASPAT Integrating Green Valley, consisting of 15 members, Jaen.

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Cocoa Crop Management

Plantation design Nursery management Cocoa grafts Fertilization of Cocoa Integrated Pest Management Pruning Cocoa crop

Facilitation of Workshops
Post-harvest Management Comercialization

Facilitating workshops in crop management ECAS


Construction of fermenters crates Construction of solar dryers Fermentation, pre-drying, drying and storage. Cocoa Collection Quality control Organic Program Inspector (UTZ, Organic, Fair Trade) Value Added (Chocolates)

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Age 3 months Production cost: 1 seedling s/. 0.45 (U$0.17) Cost of sales of the seedling s/. 1 (U$0.37) Net income per seedling s/. 0.55 (U$0.21) Net income for 5000 seedlings s/. 2.769 (U$1,045)

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Age 4.5 months Production cost 1 seedling for s/. 1.10 soles Cost of sales of the seedling: s/.2.30 Net income per seedling: s/.1.20 (U$0.45) Net income for 5000 seedlings: s/. 6,239 (U$2,354)

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Alejandro Rojas Sarapura Sustainable Development Coordinator CARE Peru arojas@care.org.pe

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