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Tail Creek Metis Scrip Claims

Boss Hill and the Tail Creek Settlement, Alberta: Boss Hill is known as Francois Gabriel Dumonts wintering place. The Metis hunters from Fort Edmonton, Fort St. Albert, Big Lake and Lac St. Anne would also make Boss Hill their headquarters when going out on the buffalo hunt. The village site was nearby at Buffalo Tail Creek, and the settlement of Tail Creek des Metis which was reported to have had up to 400 dwellings. This settlement originally extended across Buffalo Tail Creek, up along the side of the hill and across the flat. There is a deep gully located between the old cemetery and the flat, which was once full of buffalo bones, where the Metis hunters drove the buffalo for the kill. The Indians who called it Kioocus or Enewoosuyyis had long used Buffalo Tail Creek. The community existed from 1870 to 1879 and had an estimated population of between 1,500 and 2,000. It was a staging area for Metis from as far north as Lac la Biche, Lac Ste. Anne, St. Albert, and Edmonton as well as from Batoche to the east. It had a community hall and timber works. From here the Metis provided meat and hides for Edmonton and it was a major distribution point for free traders trading into Montana and Red River. Mule trains extending two miles in length were used to take furs from Tail Creek des Metis to Fort Benton, Montana. Hunt captains for the hunt from Tail Creek were William Camion, Michel Arnot, Ed Boucher, Pierre Desault, Baptiste Vaness, Gabriel Dumont, Shoutoux, Ladoneur, Ed Bincer and Abraham Salois. During the 1870s Edmonton proper had a very small population compared to the Metis settlements at Tail Creek and Buffalo Lake. Even St. Boniface only had a population of 750 at this time. Allard, Elie; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3466; born: Fall of 1879 at Calgary father: Joseph Allard (Mtis); mother: Louise McDonald (Mtis); file ref. 947577 Allard, Joseph; concerning the claims of his deceased children: James, born: 1880, died: 1884; Noel, born: 1876, died: when 2 months old; Joseph, born: 1882, died: 1890; address: Tail Creek; father: Joseph Allard (Mtis and deponent); mother: Louise McDonald (Mtis); heir: their father, Joseph Allard, the deponent; file ref. file no. 947577; claim no. 3472 Allard, Louise; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3468; born: 1860 north of Edmonton; father: Duncan McDonald (Mtis); mother: Lalouise Dumont (Mtis); file ref. 947579 Anasse or Vanasse, Daniel; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3443; born: 1883 in July, at Calgary; father: Baptiste Anasse Jr. (Mtis); mother: Amelia Calder (Mtis) Anasse or Vanasse, Isabella Catherine; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3439; born: 1879 at Calgary; father: Baptiste Anasse Jr. (Mtis); mother: Amelia Calder (Mtis) Anasse or Vanasse, James; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3442; born: 1872, March at Calgary; father: Baptiste Anasse Jr. (Mtis); mother: Amelia Calder (Mtis)

Anasse, Mary; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3444; born: June, 1884 at Calgary; father: Baptiste Anasse Jr. (Mtis); mother: Amelia Calder (Mtis) Anasse, Peter; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3438; born: 1877 at Calgary; father: Baptiste Anasse Jr. (Mtis); mother: Amelia Calder (Mtis) Ashen, John; address: Edmonton; claim no. 2772; born: 1877 at Tail Creek, Buffalo Lake; father: John Ashen (Whiteman); mother: Marie Foley (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2064 Blandion, Flix; heir of his deceased son, Jean Baptiste; claim no. 3410; address: Tail Creek; born: 1879 at Tail Creek; father: Flix Blandion (Mtis and deponent); mother: Anne Whitford (Mtis); died: hour after birth; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1396 Blandion, Flix; heir of his deceased daughter, Nancy; claim no. 3218; address: Tail Creek; born: 1883 at Duhamel; father: Flix Blandion (Mtis and deponent); mother: Annie Whitford (Mtis); died: 1897 at Bears Hills; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1294 Bruneau, Alexis; heir of his deceased daughter, Marguerite; claim no. 3479; address: Hay Lakes; born: May, 1876 at Tail Creek; father: Alexis Bruneau (Mtis and deponent); mother: Marie Capouwiwis (Mtis); died: 1877 at High River; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1458 Dumont, Felix; heir to his deceased children; claim no. 3230; Marie Josephine, born: 1872 at Tail Creek; died: 1885 at St. Albert; Francois, born: 1876 at Tail Creek; died: 1881 at St. Albert; Raphael Josue, born: 1878 at Tail Creek; died: 1884 at St. Albert; Laurent, born: 1880 at Tail Creek; died: 1895 at St. Albert; address: Edmonton; scrip cert.: form F, nos. 1316, 1318, 1320 and 1322. Dumont, Isabelle; address: St. Paul des Metis; claim no. 2016; born: 1877 at Tail Creek, Alberta; father: St. Pierre Dumont (Mtis); mother: Anne Callion (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 1314 Dumont, Mary Rose; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3459; born: 1 May, 1885 at Calgary; father: Jean Baptiste Dumont (Mtis); mother: Philomne Vanasse (Mtis) Fayant, William; address: Tail Creek; claim no. 3450; born: 16 July, 1885 at Calgary; father: Paul Fayant (Mtis); mother: Marguerite Ducharme (Mtis); file ref. 799372 Gibbons, James; heir to his deceased children: Neil, born: March, 1877 at Tail Creek; died: May, 1877 near Red Deer River; Charles Neil, born: September, 1878 at Edmonton; died: September, 1899 at Edmonton; address: Stony Plain; father: James Gibbons (Whiteman and Deponent); mother: Marie Isabelle Gouin (Mtis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1216, Neil; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1218, Charles Neil; scrip cert.: form D, no. 2560, William Edward; claim no. 3024

Jackknife, Veronique; for her deceased sister, Philomene Jackknife; claim no. 3475; born: 1884 at Calgary; died: 1889 at Buffalo Lake; address: Tail Creek; father: Paul Fayant (Mtis); mother: Marguerite Ducharme (Mtis) Lafournaise, Albert; address: Duhame; claim no. 3350; born: 1880 at Tail Creek; father: Jerome Lafournaise (Mtis); mother: Pricille Welsh (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2582. McDougall, Virginie; address: Flathead, Montana; born: 1879 at Red Deer, Tail Creek; father: Pierre Boucher (Mtis); mother: Marie Todd (Mtis); married: April, 1900 at St. Ignatius Mission to Napoleon McDougall; scrip cert.: form E, no.3295; claim no. 1313. Nipissing, Adele; address: Baptiste Lake; born: 1878 at Tail Creek, Buffalo Lake; father: Louison Nipissing (Mtis); mother: Madeline Malaterre (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1394; claim no. 2405. Petit Couteau, Pierre alias Pas.Pas.Chase; for his minor son, Paul Petit Couteau; address: Cypress Hills; born: 1883 at Tail Creek; father: Pierre Petit Couteau (Mtis and deponent); mother: Peggie Mis-ta-wasis (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1160; claim no. 1985. Roussel, Andre; heir to his deceased children: Caroline, born: 1883 at MacLeod; died: 1891 at Stony Plains; George, born: 1885 at Calgary; died: 1891 at Stony Plains; address: Tail Creek; father: Andre Roussel (Mtis and deponent); mother: Madeleine Paquette (Mtis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1448, Caroline; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1450, George; claim no. 3457. Roussel, Johnny; address: Tail Creek; born: March, 1882 at Calgary; father: Louis Roussel (Mtis); mother: Julienne Anasse (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1782; claim no. 3445. Roussel, Joseph; address: Tail Creek; born: 1882 at Calgary; father: Andre Roussel (Mtis); mother: Madeleine Paquette (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1776; claim no. 3437. Roussel, Justine; address: Tail Creek; born: 1880 at Tail Creek; father: Baptiste Anasse or Vanasse Jr; (Mtis); mother: Amelia Calder (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2676; claim no. 3440. Roussel, Louis; heir to his deceased children: Olive, born: December, 1882 at Calgary; died: 1893 or 1894 at Calgary; Edward, born: 1883 at Calgary; died: 1893 or 1894 at Calgary; address: Tail Creek; father: Louis Roussel (Mtis and deponent); mother: Julienne Anasse (Mtis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1444; claim no. 3455.

Vanasse, Marie Catherine; address: Tail Creek; born: 1872 at Mountain Fort; father: Jean Baptiste Vanasse (Mtis); mother: Catherine Cardinal (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2052; claim no. 2766. Vandale, Marguerite; address: Laduc; born: 1875 at Tail Creek; father: Norman Vandale (Mtis); mother: Julie Munro (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2420; claim no. 3126. Vandale, Norman; heir to his deceased children: Julie, born: 1877 at Tail Creek; died: April, 1877; Antoine, born: 1879 at Tail Creek; died: September, 1881; address: Laduc; father: Norman Vandale (Mtis and deponent); mother: Julie Munro (Mtis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1228; Antoine, scrip cert.: form F, no. 1230; claim no. 3136. Ward, Peter; for his deceased half-brother & half-sister: Alexis Fagnant, born: 1874 or 1875 at Tail Creek; died: November, 1886; Philomne Fagnant, born: 1883 or 1884 at Calgary; died: 1895 at Buffalo Lake (drowned); address: Macleod; father: Paul Fagnant (Mtis); mother: Marguerite Ducharme (deceased Mtis); heirs: Peter ward, scrip cert.: form D, nos. 1596 and 1604 for $60.00 each; Marguerite Scullen ne Ward, scrip cert.: form D, nos. 1598 and 1606 for $60.00 each; Vronique Cato, scrip cert. form D, nos. 1602 and 1610 for $60.00 each; James Ward, scrip cert.: form D, nos. 3247 and 3248 for $48.00 each; Mary Ann Collins, 2 scrips for $12.00 each; claim no. 1561. Whitford, Harriet; address: Battle River; born: 1877 at Tail Creek; father: Donald Todd (Mtis); mother: Suzanne Dumont (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 1272; claim no. 1975.

Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute