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Title: Monitoring Flood Disasters: A Case Study of Jakarta, Indonesia Name: Tarina Amanawari Budiyanto Adviser: Dr.

Shyang-Woei Lin Abstract Flooding is one of Jakartas major urban problems. The first incident occurred in 1621 during the period of Dutch colonization, about 400 years ago. Through the following centuries, the city continued to be plagued by sporadic flooding. Finally, in 1918, the Dutch government built the West Flood Canal to prevent these disasters. This canal successfully prevented flooding for over half a century. However, in 1979, Jakarta experienced another great flood. Flooding of different magnitudes has continued to plague the city until the present with several serious occurrences. In terms of topography, forty percent, or about 24.000 ha, of the Jakarta area has lower land elevation than the ocean tide. This area also contains thirteen river basins that disembogue into the Java Sea. Already the city with the highest population in Indonesia, this population is expected to continue increasing due to the citys attractiveness as the center of Indonesias economical activities. The high rate of this population growth results in additional pressures on the natural environment. The combination of low topography, the presence of many rivers, and the environmental damage resulting from unprecedented population growth, has greatly increased Jakartas vulnerability to the threat of flooding. In addition, the land surface of the greater Jakarta region has suffered major degradation. For example, the rainfall catchment abilities of upstream areas have been severely damaged the recent development of new settlements. The exploitation of ground water by local communities has also resulted in topographic changes, namely, decreases in land elevation. Moreover, global warming increasing the elevation of the seawater. These additional factors are also contributing to the increased vulnerability of Jakarta to flood disasters. In this study, the researcher will analyze changes in the land and in the elevation of ocean tidal flows. Concerning the land, the researcher will measure changes in the percentages of different types of land use, and alterations in topography, and population density. The purpose of this research is to uncover patterns in the causes of the floods in 1979, 1996, 1999, 2002, and 2007. The overall objective will be to find the specific factors or combination of factors that have caused these recent flood disasters in Jakarta. Keywords: urban problem, land use changes, topography changes

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