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U.S.

Metro Economies
Outlook - Gross Metropolitan Product, and
Critical Role of Transportation Infrastructure

Including Chemical Sector Jobs


in U.S. Metro Economies
July 2012
Prepared for:

The United States Conference


of Mayors and The Council on
Metro Economies and the New
American City
Prepared by:

THE UNITED STATES CONFERENCE OF MAYORS

U.S. Metro Economies


Outlook - Gross Metropolitan Product, and
Critical Role of Transportation Infrastructure

Including Chemical Sector Jobs


in U.S. Metro Economies
July 2012
Prepared for:

The United States Conference


of Mayors and The Council on
Metro Economies and the New
American City
Prepared by:

THE UNITED STATES CONFERENCE OF MAYORS

THE US ECONOMY IN 2012


The US economy will continue to recover in 2012 from the Great Recession, as
unemployment rates fall, payrolls expand, and incomes rise across the nation. The
US economy is producing more than ever. Growth in gross domestic product (GDP)
has shown consistent improvement since the contraction in 2008 and 2009,
surpassing its pre-recession peak levels in real terms by the middle of 2011.
With each passing quarter, more and more regional economies are seeing their
employment levels return to peak and their housing markets stabilize.
Recovery has yet to shift into high gear, however, as there has been a steady diet of
disappointing news from abroad. While oil prices are typically a primary risk factor
for the national economy, currently the largest risk for the US job market is Europe,
since trepidation over global growth has caused oil prices to tumble to the point
where they are no longer a major concern. Indeed, oil prices have moderated this
year, giving a needed boost to household budgets, and will provide an important
support to US growth in the second half of the year. The average price of gasoline
will fall to $3.11 per gallon in the fourth quarter.
Europe is at risk due to several constituent crises, while prospects for large markets
like China, India, and Brazil have also slowed. These factors pose a risk to the US
economic recovery as they negatively impact consumer confidence, exports, and
financial markets. Despite these downward pressures, however, payrolls in the US
have expanded and the jobless rate has been on the decline, thanks in large part to
recovery and growth in the nations metropolitan economies.
Over the remainder of 2012, IHS Global Insight anticipates national job growth of
1.4%, and real GDP growth of 2.0%. We also expect the unemployment rate to fall
to 8.0%. The nations improving economy will rely on gains in several areas including
business investment across core capital goods, and in equipment and software. The
expanding US recovery will also depend on lower oil prices, accelerated consumer
spending, and continued growth in manufacturing activity and in regional housing
and real estate markets.
Critical to the nation's economic recovery and future health are metro
economies. They are home to 83.7% of the nations population, 85.8% of the jobs,
89.9% of the wage and salary income, and 90.7% of the country's real GDP.
Metropolitan areas have also been responsible for 87.9% of the recovery in the
nation's real GDP, and 83.6% of employment growth since the economy reached its
trough. The timing and pace of recovery will be varied across the states and
metropolitan areas of the country. Metro areas that didn't suffer as greatly (via less
exposure to the recession) and those whose economies are rooted in quickly growing
or rebounding industries (such as professional and business, and education and
health services, as well as manufacturing) will likely recover before those with
greater exposure to the acute economic turmoil of housing bust and recession.

Published by IHS, Inc. Executive and Editorial Offices: 24 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421
2012 by IHS, Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part prohibited except by permission. All rights reserved.
1

GROSS METROPOLITAN PRODUCT


It is hard to overstate the importance of the nation's metropolitan economies in the
domestic and international economic landscapes. Domestically, economic output
from New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago are each greater than that of 45 states,
and the combined production of the 10 largest metro areas is greater than that of
the 36 least producing states. (For a detailed comparison of metro versus state
production see Appendix Tables 3 and 4.) If metros were ranked with states in their
contribution to gross domestic product, the top 50 would include 20 metros.
Our metropolitan areas are also giants in the international landscape. The three
largest metropolitan economies (New York, Los Angeles and Chicago) produce more
than such countries as Poland, Belgium, Sweden, and Taiwan, to name a few. New
York ranks as the 14th largest economy in the world, ahead of Mexico and South
Korea, which have GDPs in excess of $1 trillion. Los Angeles ranks 20th and Chicago
23rd. Washington DC ranks as the 31st largest economy, above Austria, South Africa
and the United Arab Emirates, while Philadelphia takes the 37th position and produces
more than Thailand, Denmark, Colombia, and Venezuela. Oklahoma City is the 116th
largest gross producer, with output higher than Luxembourg and Belarus; Tulsa
captures the 133rd spot, producing more than Tunisia, Serbia, Costa Rica, and
Lithuania.
Of the 100 largest economies in the world, 37 of them belong to metropolitan areas
of the United States. Our 20 largest-producing metros individually gross more than
the individual economies of Vietnam, Morocco, Bangladesh, Slovakia, or Croatia, and
united have a greater total product than 148 countries combined. The total GMP of
our metro economies ($13 trillion) is equal to 24% of production of the largest 200
countries (excluding the US), and is greater than the combined product of 178 of
those countries. Appendix Table 2 provides an in-depth ranking of US metropolitan
and international economies.
These statistics illustrate clearly that our metros continue to play not just a
tremendous role domestically, but are also critical to the global economy. Their
health and growth are vitally important, as they provide markets for international
trade, and foster the industries that will create innovations and inventions spurring
domestic and international growth and development.

FIGURE 1: 2011 REAL GROSS METRO PRODUCT GROWTH,


100 LARGEST METRO AREAS
Highest (%)

Lowest (%)

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara


Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown
Provo-Orem
San Antonio-New Braunfels

7.5
5.5
5.0
4.3
3.8
3.2
3.1

Raleigh-Cary
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington
El Paso
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill
Knoxville
Nashville-Davidson-MurfreesboroFranklin
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue
Detroit-Warren-Livonia

3.0
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.6
2.6

Columbia
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota
Wichita
Las Vegas-Paradise
Honolulu
Tulsa
Lancaster
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville
Syracuse
Albany-Schenectady-Troy
Birmingham-Hoover
Stockton
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport
News, VA
Lakeland-Winter Haven
Modesto

0.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
(0.1)
(0.1)
(0.3)
(0.3)
(0.7)
(0.7)
(1.0)
(1.1)
(1.4)
(1.7)

In 2011 total real gross metropolitan product, ("GMP"), grew by 1.7% as it expanded
in 267 metros. The metropolitan areas of the Southwest and Northwest topped the
list of the fastest growing metros among the largest 100. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa
Clara (nestled inside of the Silicon Valley and ripe with well paying tech jobs) along
with Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro (which is home to more than 1,200 technology
companies including a large Intel presence) placed first and second, while the Texas
metros of Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos (one of the fastest growing metros in
several categories over the past 10 years), McAllen-Edinburg-Mission (home to the
first inland foreign trade zone in the US and hub for trade and retail for the entire Rio
Grande Valley) and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown (second only to New York City for
Fortune 500 headquarters with 22 located inside Houston) rounded out the top
five.
In 2012, IHS Global Insight anticipates the nation's real GDP will grow at 2.0%, and
the average of all 363 metros will be just below at 1.8%, while more than 300
metropolitan areas will see real GMP growth, continuing the steady progress seen
since exiting the recession. Lafayette (Louisiana), Odessa (Texas), Columbus,
Elkhart-Goshen (Indiana), and Bismarck (North Dakota) will top the list of fastest
growing metros, with each expected to see real GMP expand by more than 7%.
Lafayette, Odessa and Bismarck will each see robust activity in natural resources.
The Bakken shale oil formation (an oilfield stretching from Canada to North Dakota
and Montana, and containing possibly 4 billion barrels of oil reserves) will provide a
surge in real GMP to Bismarck, while the energy sectors in Odessa (the long time
beneficiary of the Permian Basin) and Lafayette will also drive employment growth
and real GMP gains while lowering unemployment.

The resurgent manufacturing sector will be the engine powering growth in Columbus
and Elkhart-Goshen. Since the end of the recession during which inventories were
short and payrolls fell drastically firms have called back workers and expanded
operations as the recovering economy has demanded a greater supply of
manufactured goods. The metropolitan areas of the Rust Belt will reap the benefits of
this recovering manufacturing sector. In particular, Elkhart-Goshen will expand its
recreational vehicle manufacturing while Columbus will continue to grow its presence
in advanced manufacturing, including in automobile, metals, and precision tools and
molds production.
Gains in the energy and manufacturing sectors will also benefit industrial cities like
Sandusky (Ohio) and Holland-Grand Haven (Michigan), and oil and natural gas areas
like Fargo (North Dakota), Corpus Christi and Midland (Texas). They are all
anticipated to fall within the top fifteen metros in terms of real GMP growth this year.
Amongst our largest metros, New York and Los Angeles will see real GMP jump by
more than $20 billion and $10 billion, respectively, while Boston's real GMP will grow
by almost $7.8 billion, Washington, D.C.'s by $4.5 billion and Philadelphia's by $3.1
billion. A full list of Real GMP growth rates for 2012 can be seen in Appendix Tables 8
and 9. Overall, 50 metros will achieve real GMP growth rates of 3% or more (led by
Austin and Houston among the largest metros), while more than 110 metros will see
growth of 2% or better (with Phoenix, San Francisco, Denver and Boston frontrunning the second group) and over 220 metropolitan areas will increase their real
GMP by 1% or higher (Des Moines, Sacramento and Chattanooga will lead the charge
in the third tier).

FOCUS ON CHEMICALS
The Chemicals industry has emerged in this decade as a key driver of economic
growth across a large number of metros. The industry already generates over $760
billion in US sales, is one of our top exporting sectors at almost $200 billion annually,
over 8% of all US exports, and invests $50 billion per year in US research and
development. These are vital contributions to our future prosperity. Export demand
will be a key driver for US business in the coming decade, as households and
government remain constrained by debt burdens. R&D spending in investment that
boosts productivity is a critical contributor to economic growth.
The industry surge this decade in investment, jobs, and incomes has been largely
spurred by low natural gas prices, a result of the rapid incorporation of new drilling
techniques to extract shale and other unconventional gas supplies in the US.
Investment in the US is now competitive with overseas locations. And the new gas
fields have spurred investment not only in the Gulf of Mexico region, but across the
US. For instance, a petrochemical processing, "Cracker," plant is to be constructed in
the Pittsburgh metro owing to its proximity to shale gas supplies.

Appendix Table 11 lists the 2011 employment in chemicals and plastics


manufacturing across all US metro areas. Chicago narrowly leads Houston with
43,000 jobs, led by its plastic products manufacturers. Twenty eight metros have
employment in excess of 10,000 in this sector, and 206 metros employ more than
1,000 in the chemicals and plastics industries. Notably fast growth occurred in 2011
in Minneapolis, Dallas, San Diego, and Milwaukee among large metros, and in
Muskegon, Greeley, Spokane, Gadsden, and Warren.

CONCLUSION
The US economy will continue to heal in 2012, as jobs return, incomes rise, gross
product climbs, and unemployment falls. International economic turmoil poses
serious risks to the financial and exports markets, however, and to job and income
growth, and ultimately to the speed and certainty of our economic recovery.
Despite these threats, the economy has continued to advance thanks largely in part
to the productivity of our metropolitan areas. Metropolitan economies are beacons
for economic activity - as home to the majority of the population and clusters of
industry and infrastructure, they are the breeding grounds for economic progress
and innovation. Since the end of the Great Recession, metro economies have been
responsible for the majority of our employment and real GDP growth, and they will
be vitally important to the nations continued economic health.

THE ROLE OF TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN METRO ECONOMIES

Infrastructure repair and reinvestment is a crucial means of jumpstarting the US


economy and positioning the nation for future economic growth. These investments
stimulate our economy in two ways: first by creating jobs directly during planning
and construction phases. Second, by creating jobs in the long-term by making the
nation's transportation lines less congested, more efficient, and more competitive.
These investments should be directed where the potential returns are greatest, and
that will largely be in metropolitan areas. Metros contribute 90% of the production of
goods and services that make up the nation's total gross domestic product (GDP),
and we expect that over the next 30 years 94% of US economic growth will occur in
metro areas. Due to their density, investment in metros lowers the costs of doing
business, stimulating further business activity and economic growth.
Yet the flip side of that coin is that metros are the most congested areas in the US.
Investment in roads, rails, and other forms of transportation will help relieve the
bottlenecks impeding economic expansion; for example, the 4.8 billion hours of
travel delay Americans experienced in 2010, costing our metros $101 billion dollars.
This is not just a domestic problem. Our international trade industry depends on
advanced infrastructure to handle booming trade across the globe. The widening of
the Panama Canal, for example, will allow larger cargo ships to pass through but it
also requires heavy investment in our ports by expanding berths and cranes. Further
investments will have to be made in the coming years, the value of real US imports
and exports will exceed $6 trillion by 2020 up from $4-trillion today.
Despite the clear benefits of infrastructure investment, the US has not been making
this enough of a priority. According to the Congressional Budget Office, public
spending on transportation and water infrastructure has been only 2.4% of GDP in
recent years, not accounting for the temporary bump that ARRA spending will
provide. Europe invests 5% of GDP and China 9% on infrastructure spending. Not
only does the US spend a relatively small share on infrastructure, it has been
steadily declining since 1960, when it accounted for 3% of GDP. Unfortunately, this
is happening at a time when the economy is becoming increasingly globalized, and
infrastructure investment provides a clear opportunity to enhance our
competitiveness and take advantage of trade in fast growing foreign markets.
Given the relative funding shortfall, it is no surprise then that America's
infrastructure is becoming less competitive. According to the 2011-12 Global
Competitiveness Report from the World Economic Forum, the US ranks 24th in the
quality of overall infrastructure, just above Taiwan and behind many European and
Asian nations including Switzerland, France, Germany, Spain, Hong Kong, Japan, and
Korea. The US ranked 5th in overall economic competitiveness, down from 4th and
2nd in the two previous years, respectively. The nation's infrastructure has been a

drag on its overall competitiveness and without proper planning and investment this
will continue.
Transportation infrastructure spending is a critical long-term capital investment that
will positively augment the private capital stock of the nation and contribute directly
to the long-term productivity and income generation capability of the US economy.
Optimal investment requires a multifaceted approach. Transportation infrastructure
can be costly and slow to develop. There needs to be substantial funding made
available and a long-term plan in place. Funds should be allocated after careful cost
benefit analysis to projects that lead to the greatest long-term economic gain. Our
heavily congested metros are the engines of the US economy and the centers for
international trade. The top 100 metros account for 76% of GDP. Overall the
nation's 363 metros are home to 86% of US employment and 84% of population.
Over the next 30 years, 92% of employment and population growth will occur in
metros. The challenges posed by inadequate transportation infrastructure will get
worse, not better, if the status quo remains.
TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE BENEFITS FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND WELFARE

Surface transportation involves the movement of goods and people through


geographic space, and adds to economic well-being and economic growth. From the
perspective of households, surface transportation, by road or rail, serves a three-fold
economic purpose. First, it enables the commute from home to workplace, a
necessary condition for participation in the economy by earning income from the
application of skills and efforts. Second, it grants access to the variety of goods and
services available to the consumers of an advanced economy. Third, it is an integral
part of leisure travel, so important to many households' well-being.
In each case, there are quantifiable benefits to the availability of reliable, cheaper,
and faster transportation. The opportunity cost of time spent traveling from point to
point in any of these pursuits is surely its most significant component.
From the standpoint of private and public enterprise, transportation costs are an
intrinsic and direct cost of doing business. For businesses shipping goods, road or rail
congestion means longer travel times and less reliability of delivery or arrival times.
These problems result in the extra expense of more drivers' wages, the costs of
longer hours at facilities to process late deliveries, and the spoilage of perishable
commodities. Production or logistics planning become less efficient as inventories
must be increased to cover for unreliable deliveries, and advanced just-in-time
processes are hamstrung. The extra costs incurred by businesses are generally
passed on to the consumer and is a drag on the overall economy.
Port infrastructure is essential for moving goods in and out of the country, combined
with surface transportation to ship across the US. International trade has exploded
over the last two decades, and will continue to be a driving force in the US economy.
Therefore, it is essential that the US stays cost competitive with other nations.
Otherwise, we will lose out on the opportunity to sell goods to the faster growing
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developing nations. Advanced infrastructure is undoubtedly a competitive advantage


in an increasingly global market.

COSTS OF CONGESTION
Over the years, technological advancement and rising affluence have improved the
efficiency and accessibility of transportation across the nation. Automotive traffic in
particular has grown tremendously, providing the most convenient form of
transportation for many. And that vehicle volume is becoming increasingly centered
in urbanized areas. Job opportunities, higher wages, and better amenities inside or
at the fringes of major cities have been a driving force behind urban development.
Cities have also been growing out from their urban core, with suburbs sprawling out
around the city limits, making residents more reliant on automotive transport. In
1980, 56% of vehicle travel in the US was done in urban and suburban areas, but
with rapid economic growth in major cities and their regions, that share grew to 67%
in 2010.
The Texas Transportation Institute quantifies some of the costs of congestion in The
2011 Urban Mobility Report (Appendix Table T1). Detailed data is provided for the
101 largest urban areas, and summary data for all 439 (While most economic data is
organized around the concept of the metropolitan statistical area, of which there are
363, traffic statistics have historically been organized around the definition of an
'urbanized area', of which there are 439 defined for the US).1 The Texas
Transportation Institute uses 2010 data for vehicle miles, lane miles, public
transportation, portion of travel during congested periods, travel speeds, incident
delay ratios, and average fuel prices from the Federal Highway Administration,
Highway Performance Monitoring System, INRIX, the Census Bureau, and AAA to
formulate travel delays and gallons of wasted fuel.
In order to quantify the monetary cost of congestion, the average fuel price from
each area's state is used. An hourly rate ($16.3 per hour of passenger travel and
$88.2 per hour of commercial truck time) is applied to the total travel delay. The
passenger car and truck percentages for each urban area were estimates from the
Highway Performance Monitoring System dataset. The total congestion cost, which is
the value of wasted time and fuel, is estimated to have cost US urban areas $101
billion in 2010, or $713 per commuter.
The largest urban areas, not surprisingly, incur the highest congestion costs (see
figure 1). Congestion costs per commuter exceeded $1,000 in Washington,
Baltimore, and New York on the East Coast; Chicago in the Midwest; Houston in the

In this report, metropolitan areas are as defined by the Bureau of the Census. In the transportation sector,
funding allocations to metropolitan areas are most often defined by the boundaries served by a metropolitan
planning organization (MPO) or a transportation management area (TMA). For purposes of the analyses in
this report, the boundaries of the metropolitan areas follow the Census definition, which are not always
contiguous with an MPO or TMA area.

South; and Los Angeles and San Francisco on the West Coast. Out of the 30 metros
with the highest congestion per commuters, there are 4 others on the East Coast, 3
others in the Midwest, 11 in the South, and 5 in the West. While congestion is clearly
a problem across the nation, the South has incurred some of the fastest growing
costs, due to both faster population growth and a dearth of public transportation
ridership.

Figure 1: Most and Least Congested Areas


Congestion Cost Per Commuter, 2010$
Chicago, IL-IN
Washington, DC-VA-MD
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Houston, TX
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT
Baltimore, MD
San Francisco-Oakland, CA
-------------------------------------------------Poughkeepsie-Newburgh, NY
Corpus Christi, TX
Stockton, CA
Eugene, OR
McAllen, TX

1,568
1,495
1,334
1,171
1,126
1,102
1,019
------205
194
184
171
125

Congestion is not a new phenomenon - metros have been grappling with this issue
for decades, and its been getting worse. Over the last two decades, the congestion
cost per commuter has increased in 100 of the 101 areas detailed in the report, and
more than doubled in 66 (Appendix Table T2). The most dramatic increases occurred
in Texas, whose cities comprise five of the top seven metros with increased
congestion costs from 1990-2010. Booming economic growth in Texas over the past
two decades and increasing trade with Mexico has played a role in this spike, and the
fact that costs were starting at such low levels has also contributed to the outsized
percentage increases. In fact, this trend is present in many of the lower congested
metros - among the top 15 areas with the highest congestion growth, 12 of them
were among the 20 lowest congested areas in 1990.
While congestion costs are growing fastest in small areas, the large ones still incur
the most significant damage from congestion, and likewise have over the past two
decades. Of the 10 most congested areas in 2010, seven were also among the top
10 in 1990. Chicago, which holds the number one spot, saw its congestion per
commuter more than double; going from $670 in 1990 to $1,568 in 2010 (both in
2010 $'s). Similarly, congestion per commuter more than doubled in Houston, New
York, San Francisco, Denver, and Boston over that period. Clearly, road capacity has
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not kept up with passenger growth, and public and alternative transportation usage
and development has not been substantial enough to pick up the slack. As a result,
congestion costs have been creating an ever greater drag on the overall economy.
Congestion is worst in the economic powerhouses of the US, and if it runs
unmitigated it will pose a serious challenge to future growth.
That is not to say congestion costs are skyrocketing everywhere. Major metropolitan
areas in California, including Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Jose, saw
congestion costs per commuter rise at or below 20% since 1990. Increases in public
transportation, carpooling, and telecommuting have helped blunt congestion
increases but greater development outside of the city core has also shifted
congestion to different areas. Congestion costs skyrocketed in Bakersfield, OxnardVentura, and Riverside.
Keep in mind this just considers the monetized drag of congestion. Disruptions to the
supply chain from long or uncertain delivery times, business costs related to missed
meetings or relocations, and costs related to vehicle repairs and accidents are not
accounted for. It is also important to note that congestion costs overall have declined
dramatically over the past few years, a common trend during recessions but the
falloff was even more significant due to the magnitude of the 2009 downturn. This
decrease will prove to be just a temporary reprieve and will quickly reverse course as
the nation's economy recovers. Under normal economic conditions, the congestion
costs noted in this report would be worse.

FREIGHT TOTALS BY METRO


Although passenger traffic gets more press, the most critical function of the national
transportation infrastructure is to accommodate freight traffic, or the movement of
goods to markets across the country. In an increasingly globalized economy,
American consumers rely on more and more imported goods each year. In 2011, the
dollar value of imports totaled $2.66 trillion, or about 17.5% of real Gross Domestic
Product, up from 13.6% ten years earlier. And American companies exported $2.09
trillion to overseas customers in 2011, about 13.8% of GDP, up from 10% in 2001.
Thus American consumers and producers are increasingly reliant on the national
transportation infrastructure to move goods between port cities and local markets.
To examine freight movement across metros, we use the Transearch US database,
a proprietary database developed and maintained by IHS Global Insight. Transearch
draws from a wide variety of data sources covering commodity volume and modal
flow, and including a long-term proprietary motor carrier traffic sample, proprietary
railroad data, and numerous commercial and federal government surveys, samples,
and the Census.2 Here we use rail tonnage totals by metro for seven modes of

Data sources include: Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures, Census Bureau's Census of
Manufactures, IHS Global Insight's Business Demographics Model, US Dept. of Commerce import data,
Surface Transportation Board's Railroad Waybill Sample, US Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of
Transportation Statistics, and the Commodity Flow Survey
10

transportation, including various trucking types, railroad freight, rail/truck intermodal


shipments, air freight, and waterborne freight.
Detailed freight totals are available for 100 of the largest metro areas (Appendix
Table T2). As might be expected, the leading metros are also the largest metro
economies by employment and population, as well as some smaller cities with
significant port activity. In 2010, New York had the most tonnage, at 871 million.
This is due both to the high levels of intra-market tonnage of a large economy, as
well as its position as one of the largest port cities in terms of international trade.
Los Angeles, which has the second most tonnage, ranks just below New York. New
Orleans, despite being 41st among metros in terms of GMP, is ranked in the top ten
in tonnage, because it is a major port for natural resources, especially petroleum
from the Gulf.
The ranking of freight data per dollar of GMP is very different from a straight GMP
value. The top slots are dominated by smaller economies that specialize in heavier
products. At the top is Charleston, WV, a transportation center and a major exporter
of coal. Evansville, IN-KY, has the second highest ranking of freight tons per dollar of
GMP, followed by Lexington, KY, Beaumont, TX, Green Bay, WI, and Mobile, AL.
Large metros generally rank near the bottom in this calculation. This should not,
however, be seen as an indicator of the relative importance of their transportation
infrastructure. Rather, their shipped goods could weigh less. For example, the
Phoenix MSA ranks near the bottom of this calculation but its exports include lowweight, high-value computer and electronic products. Small metros are often the
location for the manufacture of heavy machinery or the transport of heavy natural
resources because the cost of transporting and producing these goods in larger more
congested metros is too great and both of which require adequate bridges and roads.
In addition to moving freight, America's future energy needs are reliant on
transportation infrastructure. The development of hydraulic fracturing in small rural
communities is already putting strain on existing transportation infrastructure. Large
trucks and drilling equipment needed on site are damaging roads and other surface
infrastructure that previously did not require the kind of maintenance that they will
need now. With hydraulic fracturing representing one of America's most promising
energy developments, drilling is expected to pick up substantially in coming years. In
such cases, small metros will be in need for greater maintenance and development of
roadways to keep operations running efficiently. Hence, while congestion and
economic activity are concentrated in large metros, infrastructure in small ones
cannot be ignored.

TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND INTERNATIONAL EXPORTS


We also examine international exports by metropolitan area using data from the
Department of Commerce. The export data is measured in dollar value, so it is
different from freight tonnage in that lightweight goods with higher values are more
significant in this data than in the tonnage data. The Department of Commerce
collects information from firms shipping goods to international customers and tracks

11

the origin of movement by zip code. This data is then aggregated to county and MSA
totals. This international export data is valuable as it reveals the metro areas that
export the highest valued goods and therefore require infrastructure to maintain
economic growth and job growth.
Metros dominate the US export market, accounting for 88% of merchandise value,
and they house all of the nation's major ports. As the primary source of goods
production and movement, metros are vital to the health of the overall US trade
industry. Our largest metros are our top exporters (see figure 2), with the 20 biggest
metro economies comprising 50% of the total US share. The New York MSA recorded
exports of $85.1 billion in 2010, followed by Houston, Los Angeles, Detroit, and
Miami to round out the top 5. Each of the top 25 metros recorded more than $10
billion in exports, an indication of how important international exports are to their
economies.
Figure 2: Nation's Largest Metros are the Top Exporters
2010 Level
Rank
GMP Exports
New York-Nrthrn New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
1
1
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

14

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

11

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

12

Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

17

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

13

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

10

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

11

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

12

Source: Census Bureau, Bureau of Economic Analysis

In looking at the ranking of exports as a share of GMP, we can see that foreign
markets are absolutely vital to a number of smaller metros (Appendix Table T3).
Among the leaders there are Kingsport TN-VA; Peoria, IL; El Centro, CA; Longview,
WA; and Kokomo, IN. Each of these metros had export values measuring more than
30% of their GMP in 2010. Out of the top 20 metro export/GMP ratios, only three are
among the 100 largest metro areas. International trade encourages specialization
and economies of scale, which is more pronounced in smaller metros, whose
economies tend to be focused on one or two types of export products. Without
adequate transportation infrastructure these metros would have not been able to
take advantage of the huge stimulus international trade has had on their local
economies. In order for those economies to continue strong performance in exported
goods, reliable infrastructure is necessary.

12

Of course, this type of reliance on foreign markets is not limited to small metros.
Detroit, MI and Houston, TX rely on exports for 20% of their GMP. In Cincinnati OHKY-IN; Miami FL; Portland OR-WA; San Jose CA; and Seattle, WA exports comprise
over 14% of GMP. Clearly, international trade is crucial for many large and small
metro economies.
Not only are exports a large part of metro economies, they are fast growing.
Comprehensive historical export data for metros is limited, but just over the last few
years' foreign trade has grown tremendously. From 2005-2008, export merchandise
value increased in 300 metros, expanded by over 50% in 168 of them, and doubled
in 70. Growth in international trade will not be a temporary phenomenon; over the
next decade US exports will essentially double, with metro areas leading the way.
The success of the US export industry starts from the bottom up, ensuring that
metro area ports are able to handle the increasing trade volume, that transportation
lines are efficient, and that metro manufacturing facilities and labor are competitive
with foreign firms. In an increasingly globalized economy, it is vital that the US is
able to take advantage of the economic opportunities opening up around the world,
and will be at a severe disadvantage if import and export lines are not efficient.
Yet at a time when international trade is surging, America's infrastructure is
becoming less competitive in comparison to other countries. The 2011-12 Global
Competitiveness Report from the World Economic Forum draws light on this, ranking
the US 24th in the quality of overall infrastructure behind a number of European and
Asian nations. This needs to be reversed if the US intends to be an economic leader
in the coming decades.

METRO AND GLOBAL GROWTH IN THE COMING DECADES


Economic growth in US metropolitan areas in the coming decades will test our
transportation infrastructure. Since infrastructure investment involves much planning
and monetary investment, it is crucial that funds are delivered in a timely and
forward-looking manner to alleviate congestion before it worsens.
Employment and population are two major drivers for congestion-related costs.
Employment, in particular, adds to rush hour traffic and delays. From 1990 to 2000,
employment grew briskly in most metropolitan areas across the country as did
congestion (Appendix Table T4). The 2000 to 2010 period was different. Given the
dual 2001 and 2009 recessions, employment stalled or fell in many areas. This
helped ease congestions heavy burden, but will prove to be just a temporary
reprieve. Employment growth from 2010-2020 will be faster than the previous ten
years in 325 of the 363 metros, and in most instances will be significantly faster. And
while employment growth from 2010-2020 will outpace 1990-2000 in just 48 metros
because we are starting at a higher base in 2010, in absolute levels the coming
decade will be higher in 72. Given the astronomical rise in congestion costs from
1990-2000 according to the TTI report, this prospect will pose severe problems in
areas already grappling with painful congestion costs.
13

Over the next decade, the 15 metros with the largest increases in employment will
be adding at least a quarter of a million jobs each. New York, the top metro, will see
payrolls increase by over 900,000. Los Angeles, which did a good job mitigating its
rise in congestion over the last two decades, will be tested as employment rises by
500,000 from 2010-20, well above the 152,000 jobs gained from 1990-2000 and
336,000 decline from 2000-2010. The strain on current transportation infrastructure
cannot be understated as 12 of these 15 metros already rank among the 15 highest
in congestion per commuter.
In addition to employment growth, which will put further strain on rush hour
commutes, general population gains will also contribute to congestion. Population
growth will be highest in the South, including Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, and Miami four of the top five largest population gainers through 2020.
Over the longer-term, the picture is not any better. Total metro area population will
grow by 32% from 2012-2042 and will be especially fast in some of the nation's
largest metros (see figure 3). Population will advance by over 50% in Dallas,
Houston, Atlanta, Tampa, Denver, San Antonio, and by over 80% in Phoenix,
Riverside, and Orlando. The rapid population growth in the South will push Boston
and Philadelphia out of the top 10 largest metro ranks by 2042. They will drop from
the 10th and 6th largest metros, respectively, to the 13th and 11th as Riverside and
Phoenix enter the top 10. Even in areas where the ranks will not change, there will
be a vastly different dynamic. Dallas and Houston, for example, accounted for 2.5%
and 2.4% of metro area population in 2012, but that share will jump to 3.2% and
2.9% by 2042. Total population in both metros will exceed 10 million, making both
larger than the present day population of the entire Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-INWI MSA. Houston and Dallas already rank among the most congested metros; if
there is not significant investment in infrastructure congestion costs will be
astronomical and will stifle long-term economic potential.

14

Figure 3: Population Growth in the Next 30 Years (Thous.)

New York-No Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA


Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Washington-Arlington-Alex, DC-VA-MD-WV
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilm., PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL

2012
19,127
13,053
9,549
6,669
6,216
5,447
5,771
4,332
4,381
5,810
6,018
4,442
4,628
3,557
2,866

2042
20,728
14,667
11,064
11,034
10,183
9,141
8,610
8,161
8,011
7,924
6,593
5,390
5,267
4,944
4,361

%Chg
8.4
12.4
15.9
65.5
63.8
67.8
49.2
88.4
82.9
36.4
9.5
21.3
13.8
39.0
52.2

Taking a broader look, population will grow by over 50% in 59 metro areas, over
75% in 21, and will more than double in 3 over the next 30 years (Appendix Table
T5). By 2042, 70 metros will have population exceeding 1 million, compared to 2012
where only 51 achieved this feat. And by 2042, five metros will have over 10 million
people whereas just 2 currently have that population level.
It is not just internal US growth that will increase congestion, but also the changing
dynamic of the global economy. The US relies on international trade now more than
it ever has in history, and that trend will continue in the coming decades. Real
exports and imports have more than tripled over the past two decades, going from a
combined $1.27 trillion in 1990 to $3.75 trillion in 2010. This is expected to grow to
$4.13-trillion by the end of 2012 and further expand to $6.04-trillion by 2020, as
international trade becomes an ever larger part of the US economy.
This type of growth does not come without costs, however, as greater amounts of
goods flowing in, out, and across the country can create bottlenecks where the
movement is most concentrated. America's top ports handle a tremendous amount
of goods each year (see figure 4). According to data from the Census Bureau, in
2011, US custom districts accounted for $3.69 trillion of exports and imports coming
in and leaving the country. Of those districts, the top 5 New York, Los Angeles,
Houston, Detroit, and New Orleans handled 31% of the total merchandise value.
Indeed, with the tremendous amount of goods coming through a limited number of
custom districts the need for efficient use and continued growth in infrastructure
plays a crucial role in the viability and cost efficiency of US trade.

15

Figure 4: Top US Custom Districts


Merchandise Value, Mil $, 2011

New York City, NY


Los Angeles, CA
Houston-Galv, TX
Detroit, MI
New Orleans, LA
Laredo, TX
Chicago, IL
Seattle, WA
Savannah, GA
San Francisco, CA
Miami, FL
Cleveland, OH
Buffalo, NY
Philadelphia, PA
El Paso, TX

Export
Value
161,136
121,059
119,400
122,864
83,869
95,725
36,628
69,520
49,494
49,813
69,263
29,854
46,473
17,253
34,735

Import
Value
227,068
266,136
148,629
120,775
150,581
120,222
139,911
58,918
76,616
69,709
43,560
79,369
41,903
67,101
47,537

Total
Value
388,205
387,195
268,029
243,639
234,450
215,947
176,538
128,438
126,110
119,522
112,823
109,223
88,376
84,355
82,271

Not only does international trade promote global growth by encouraging


specialization and efficiency, it also creates jobs in the US. According to the
International Trade Administration, exports supported 9.2 million jobs in 2010; a
number will grow in the coming years. The rate of that growth depends, of course,
on whether we invest in transportation infrastructure.
Until recently the US has been a net importer, meaning that it is consuming more
international goods than it is exporting. However, fast growing foreign economies
and a weaker dollar are reversing that trend. We expect exports to outpace imports
over the next 10 years, with the US becoming a net exporter by 2020. This will be
the first time this has occurred since the early 80's, and even then it was by a small
margin and lasted just 2 years. This means that the value of US goods we are selling
globally will outstrip the value of global goods we are purchasing, resulting in a net
gain in GDP. However, to do this the nation has to be cost competitive and US
transportation efficient to allow US exports to flourish. Otherwise, the US will lose
out to other countries in a vastly competitive trade environment.

16

CONCLUSION
There is no magic bullet to curing the nation's infrastructure deficiencies. Metros will
continue to lead the nation in population, employment, and overall economic growth,
which will put further strain on infrastructure in areas that are already congested.
Dramatic gains in international trade, which is concentrated in metros, will also
require substantial investments in metro area ports and the surrounding surface
infrastructure. It is absolutely essential that infrastructure investment is made as it
represents a critical component of the nation's future prosperity and international
competitiveness. If the nation fails to dramatically increase its investment in
transportation infrastructure, it will see congestion and its costs on families,
commuters and businesses skyrocket, potentially doubling over the coming decade
alone.

17

Appendix Tables

Global Insight

Table of Contents
GROSS METROPOLITAN PRODUCT
Table 1:

Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas

Table 2:

Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)

10

Table 3:

Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas and


Gross State Product of U.S. States

23

Table 4:

The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2011


Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States

33

Table 5:

Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (2001-2011)

34

Table 6:

Metro Area Shares of U.S. Production (2011)

43

Table 7:

Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product

44

Table 8:

Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2011 and 2012


(% Annual Change)

56

Table 9:

Real GMP Growth Rates (Annual Average Percent Change)

64

Table 10:

Real Gross State and Metropolitan Product (Annual Growth, Percent)

73

Table 11:

Chemical and Plastics Manufacturing Employment of U.S. Metro Areas


(2011 Employment, Growth 2010-2011)

83

TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE
Table T1:

Congestion Costs Per Auto Commuter (2010$)

92

Table T2:

Freight Tonnage For Top 100 MSAs

94

Table T3:

Exports as a Percentage of Gross Metropolitan Product, %

97

Table T4:

Metropolitan Area Employment Over the Decades

104

Table T5:

Population Growth in the Next 30 Years (Thous.)

110

Global Insight

Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas


(US$, Billions)
Rank 2011
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NYLos Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA


Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Pittsburgh, PA
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO-KS
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Columbus, OH
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Salt Lake City, UT

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

1219.7
741.3
521.6
398.6
397.2
374.9
332.3
334.1
297.6
274.2
261.0
227.2
193.3
193.8
196.8
150.4
170.2
153.9
137.0
124.0
129.0
111.1
112.1
112.4
112.9
103.9
103.5
98.1
104.0
97.6
88.8
81.0
94.4
96.8
78.8
81.8
77.2
77.9
80.8
77.7
70.2
65.6

1197.3
710.1
509.1
405.3
358.8
353.4
331.3
315.5
297.2
264.7
251.0
225.6
190.4
181.1
185.1
147.2
167.3
149.5
138.4
121.4
125.8
107.9
110.9
110.8
108.4
103.0
99.8
96.9
100.5
95.1
88.2
78.7
92.1
90.9
77.0
81.4
78.4
77.1
76.3
78.5
65.9
65.1

1256.5
726.6
527.9
422.2
389.6
378.8
343.8
321.9
313.5
272.5
253.5
230.8
200.1
189.6
187.8
166.4
169.4
154.8
143.8
131.6
129.3
113.6
113.3
111.9
108.5
105.4
103.2
102.0
102.5
98.3
91.2
87.1
91.7
90.2
83.1
83.7
82.1
81.3
79.2
79.7
75.9
69.2

1287.7
755.0
546.8
433.9
420.4
401.3
352.7
335.3
326.0
283.8
260.0
242.0
208.5
198.8
194.4
182.8
175.0
161.5
148.0
139.4
133.1
118.8
117.8
115.2
111.3
108.8
106.6
105.3
105.0
101.6
94.7
94.0
93.3
91.8
87.6
86.7
85.7
85.1
82.1
80.4
80.3
72.2

Rank 2011
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87

Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA


Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Richmond, VA
Oklahoma City, OK
Jacksonville, FL
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Honolulu, HI
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Tulsa, OK
Rochester, NY
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Baton Rouge, LA
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
New Haven-Milford, CT
Albuquerque, NM
Madison, WI
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Dayton, OH
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Tucson, AZ
Columbia, SC
Knoxville, TN
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Worcester, MA
Fresno, CA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
El Paso, TX
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Anchorage, AK
Akron, OH
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Syracuse, NY
Colorado Springs, CO
Toledo, OH
Wichita, KS
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

64.4
64.3
61.5
60.2
59.2
53.9
55.6
55.5
49.8
45.6
47.8
42.0
41.2
38.9
35.7
37.2
34.3
38.5
34.9
33.0
34.2
33.4
32.9
32.0
31.4
33.3
30.8
29.2
30.1
28.7
28.1
29.8
27.3
25.6
26.8
27.5
27.2
25.7
25.3
24.5
25.7
27.5
25.3
25.2
24.5

64.2
63.4
61.9
55.2
58.1
54.7
54.6
52.0
49.1
46.5
43.4
43.0
42.5
37.9
37.0
38.9
35.8
37.1
36.2
33.9
34.2
33.4
31.6
32.7
30.6
31.4
30.8
28.6
27.5
28.4
27.8
28.8
27.5
25.5
26.5
25.2
26.1
25.2
26.1
24.7
25.1
25.7
24.7
24.6
25.1

66.3
65.2
63.6
58.4
59.4
57.2
57.1
53.1
50.4
47.6
44.8
44.5
44.0
41.8
39.0
40.0
38.0
38.1
36.8
35.2
35.3
34.6
32.6
32.9
32.0
31.8
31.2
30.0
29.1
29.5
29.2
29.2
28.2
27.4
27.3
26.3
27.0
26.7
26.9
26.0
26.0
26.1
25.8
25.5
25.4

68.2
67.3
65.2
61.8
60.9
59.8
58.8
53.9
51.6
49.3
46.4
45.6
44.8
44.5
40.7
40.4
39.6
39.6
37.5
36.5
36.5
35.9
34.0
34.0
33.3
32.6
31.9
31.5
31.1
30.6
30.3
30.2
28.9
28.8
28.5
27.9
27.8
27.6
27.3
27.2
27.0
26.8
26.7
26.6
25.9

Rank 2011
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132

Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Jackson, MS
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Winston-Salem, NC
Springfield, MA
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Huntsville, AL
Lafayette, LA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Lancaster, PA
Stockton, CA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Peoria, IL
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Boulder, CO
Fort Wayne, IN
Spokane, WA
Ann Arbor, MI
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Fayetteville, NC
Salinas, CA
Corpus Christi, TX
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Evansville, IN-KY
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Provo-Orem, UT
Sioux Falls, SD
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Mobile, AL
York-Hanover, PA
Charleston, WV
Green Bay, WI
Modesto, CA
Reading, PA

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

20.7
23.6
24.1
21.9
21.7
22.0
20.4
20.8
21.0
19.2
16.9
21.0
21.0
19.5
20.2
18.7
18.1
18.5
18.8
19.7
17.9
17.5
17.6
17.7
17.0
17.7
17.3
16.6
16.8
16.0
17.8
17.1
15.8
16.0
16.9
16.8
14.7
14.9
14.7
15.3
14.8
13.9
14.4
15.1
14.5

19.3
23.1
23.1
21.7
22.1
22.1
21.0
20.2
21.0
19.5
15.9
20.0
19.9
19.1
19.4
18.6
18.2
18.2
18.3
19.4
17.6
17.2
17.4
17.1
16.7
17.8
17.0
16.4
16.8
16.9
17.2
15.6
15.5
15.8
15.4
16.3
14.6
15.2
14.7
15.0
14.4
14.2
14.7
14.9
14.1

23.6
23.9
23.3
22.7
22.6
22.6
21.8
21.3
21.5
20.6
19.2
20.3
20.0
19.4
19.6
19.3
19.1
19.0
19.0
19.1
18.8
18.1
18.2
18.0
17.9
18.1
17.8
17.4
17.7
17.6
17.6
16.8
16.7
16.9
16.3
16.5
15.5
15.5
15.5
15.6
15.0
14.7
15.1
15.1
14.6

25.7
24.6
23.8
23.4
23.2
23.1
22.3
22.2
22.0
21.1
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.4
20.3
19.9
19.6
19.5
19.5
19.4
19.4
19.2
19.0
18.9
18.7
18.6
18.5
18.3
18.3
18.3
18.2
18.1
17.9
17.4
17.0
16.6
16.3
16.1
16.0
15.9
15.7
15.7
15.5
15.2
15.1

Rank 2011
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Lincoln, NE
Cedar Rapids, IA
Montgomery, AL
Springfield, MO
Asheville, NC
Wilmington, NC
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Norwich-New London, CT
Lake Charles, LA
Tallahassee, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Salem, OR
Roanoke, VA
Savannah, GA
Canton-Massillon, OH
Rockford, IL
Midland, TX
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Columbus, GA-AL
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Fargo, ND-MN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Flint, MI
Port St. Lucie, FL
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Spartanburg, SC
Lubbock, TX
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Gainesville, FL
Appleton, WI
Longview, TX
Amarillo, TX
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Fort Smith, AR-OK

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

13.4
13.6
12.7
14.6
14.2
13.4
13.5
13.7
14.3
14.1
12.9
13.1
13.7
13.6
12.6
12.9
12.9
13.0
12.1
11.0
12.4
11.3
12.0
10.5
12.0
10.1
11.4
11.1
11.6
11.4
11.0
11.4
10.0
10.0
10.7
9.6
10.3
9.6
9.2
9.9
9.3
9.6
9.7
10.0
10.1

13.2
14.0
13.2
14.4
14.1
13.5
13.8
13.7
14.0
13.2
11.1
13.0
12.7
12.8
12.8
13.1
12.7
12.2
11.8
8.6
11.9
11.4
11.5
10.6
11.3
9.7
11.1
10.9
11.3
10.8
10.7
11.0
9.9
10.0
10.5
9.7
10.1
9.5
9.7
10.0
9.4
8.7
9.3
9.9
9.6

14.0
14.5
14.2
14.7
14.3
13.9
14.0
13.9
13.8
13.4
12.5
13.2
12.9
13.1
13.3
13.2
12.9
12.6
12.4
10.4
12.1
11.9
12.0
11.3
11.7
11.2
11.4
11.3
11.7
11.2
11.0
11.2
10.5
10.6
10.5
10.2
10.4
10.1
10.4
10.3
9.9
9.6
9.8
10.1
10.2

15.0
14.9
14.9
14.8
14.5
14.4
14.2
14.2
14.1
13.8
13.5
13.4
13.4
13.3
13.3
13.2
13.2
13.1
13.1
12.7
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.1
11.9
11.8
11.8
11.8
11.7
11.4
11.3
11.0
10.9
10.9
10.8
10.8
10.8
10.7
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.3
10.2

Rank 2011
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Duluth, MN-WI
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Rochester, MN
Springfield, IL
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Erie, PA
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Charlottesville, VA
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Topeka, KS
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Waco, TX
Tyler, TX
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Olympia, WA
Tuscaloosa, AL
Utica-Rome, NY
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Lynchburg, VA
Bellingham, WA
Barnstable Town, MA
Jacksonville, NC
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Lafayette, IN
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Binghamton, NY
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Iowa City, IA
Greeley, CO
St. Cloud, MN
Macon, GA
Yakima, WA
Billings, MT
Pascagoula, MS
Odessa, TX
Ocala, FL
Napa, CA
College Station-Bryan, TX
Columbia, MO
Florence, SC
Monroe, LA
Racine, WI

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

9.3
9.3
9.7
8.6
8.9
9.0
9.4
9.3
9.0
8.2
8.9
9.8
8.7
8.0
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.3
8.3
8.5
8.2
7.9
8.3
7.3
7.2
7.6
7.5
7.4
7.7
7.6
7.1
7.4
7.4
7.6
7.4
7.2
7.4
6.1
7.5
7.1
6.3
6.3
7.0
6.2
6.4

9.4
9.2
9.5
8.7
9.2
8.0
8.9
9.4
9.1
8.9
9.1
9.3
8.1
8.0
7.9
8.8
8.8
8.2
8.6
8.6
8.3
7.9
8.3
8.1
7.3
7.4
7.4
7.4
7.8
7.5
7.2
6.9
7.4
7.4
7.2
6.8
7.1
5.3
7.1
7.1
6.4
6.5
6.9
6.2
6.4

9.8
9.8
9.6
9.5
9.6
9.2
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.3
9.3
9.2
8.6
8.7
8.6
8.8
8.8
8.7
8.9
8.8
8.6
8.2
8.4
8.5
8.0
7.9
7.8
7.7
8.0
7.6
7.5
7.2
7.5
7.5
7.3
7.2
7.5
6.0
7.1
6.9
6.8
6.8
7.0
6.8
6.7

10.1
10.1
9.9
9.9
9.8
9.8
9.7
9.7
9.7
9.5
9.4
9.3
9.2
9.1
9.1
9.0
9.0
9.0
8.9
8.9
8.8
8.8
8.6
8.6
8.4
8.4
8.2
8.2
8.1
7.9
7.8
7.7
7.7
7.7
7.5
7.5
7.4
7.2
7.2
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.0
7.0

Rank 2011
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267

Gainesville, GA
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Casper, WY
Medford, OR
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, F
Greenville, NC
Santa Fe, NM
Bend, OR
Laredo, TX
Eau Claire, WI
Chico, CA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Bloomington, IN
Merced, CA
Harrisonburg, VA
State College, PA
Jefferson City, MO
Morgantown, WV
Wichita Falls, TX
Johnson City, TN
Dover, DE
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Joplin, MO
Terre Haute, IN
La Crosse, WI-MN
Abilene, TX
Wausau, WI
Las Cruces, NM
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Warner Robins, GA
Bismarck, ND
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Decatur, IL
Alexandria, LA
Rocky Mount, NC
Dalton, GA
Elizabethtown, KY
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Bangor, ME
Wheeling, WV-OH
Victoria, TX
Farmington, NM
Pittsfield, MA
Cheyenne, WY

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

6.4
6.2
6.4
7.9
6.3
6.5
6.0
7.1
6.5
5.9
5.8
6.1
6.2
5.9
6.2
5.4
5.6
5.7
5.1
6.2
5.8
5.6
5.4
5.5
5.5
5.2
5.6
5.4
5.1
5.3
5.0
4.6
5.2
5.3
5.0
5.3
5.8
4.3
5.0
5.3
4.8
5.1
6.0
5.2
4.9

6.3
6.2
6.3
6.1
6.3
6.4
6.3
6.7
6.3
5.5
5.9
6.1
6.2
6.1
5.8
5.9
5.6
5.8
5.4
5.5
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.5
5.4
5.3
5.3
4.7
5.3
5.2
5.0
5.4
5.2
4.4
5.1
5.4
5.0
4.5
5.1
5.2
4.8

6.4
6.6
6.6
6.3
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.7
6.5
6.0
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.0
6.1
6.0
6.0
5.8
5.8
5.9
6.0
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.1
5.5
5.4
5.3
5.5
5.3
5.1
5.2
5.4
5.2
4.9
5.1
5.2
5.0

6.9
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3

Rank 2011
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312

Rapid City, SD
Fairbanks, AK
Sheboygan, WI
Winchester, VA-WV
Redding, CA
Battle Creek, MI
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Corvallis, OR
Jackson, MI
Yuma, AZ
Lawton, OK
Albany, GA
Decatur, AL
El Centro, CA
Anderson, SC
Janesville, WI
Grand Junction, CO
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Columbus, IN
Yuba City, CA
Jackson, TN
Hattiesburg, MS
Flagstaff, AZ
Missoula, MT
Lima, OH
Burlington, NC
Dubuque, IA
Bowling Green, KY
Dothan, AL
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Kingston, NY
Prescott, AZ
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Jonesboro, AR
Owensboro, KY
Altoona, PA
Pueblo, CO
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Valdosta, GA
Grand Forks, ND-MN
San Angelo, TX
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Salisbury, MD
Goldsboro, NC

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

4.9
5.1
4.9
4.6
5.3
4.6
4.9
4.5
4.7
5.0
4.3
4.9
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.9
5.2
4.6
4.2
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.8
4.5
4.1
4.5
4.1
4.5
4.6
4.2
4.3
4.5
4.8
4.4
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.3
4.1
3.9
3.8
3.9
4.1
3.7

4.9
4.8
4.9
4.8
5.1
4.7
4.9
4.3
4.5
4.9
4.5
4.9
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.6
4.8
4.3
3.8
4.6
4.4
4.6
4.5
4.6
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.2
4.5
4.3
4.3
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.1
3.9
3.6
3.8
4.1
3.9

5.0
5.0
5.1
5.0
5.1
4.9
5.0
4.8
4.8
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.8
4.7
4.6
4.3
4.6
4.6
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.6
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.2
4.0
3.9
4.1
4.1
4.0

5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1

Rank 2011
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357

Johnstown, PA
Idaho Falls, ID
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Williamsport, PA
Ocean City, NJ
Ames, IA
Lebanon, PA
Fond du Lac, WI
Ithaca, NY
Glens Falls, NY
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Kokomo, IN
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Lawrence, KS
Sherman-Denison, TX
Logan, UT-ID
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Springfield, OH
Mansfield, OH
Monroe, MI
Cleveland, TN
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
St. George, UT
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Morristown, TN
Muncie, IN
Punta Gorda, FL
Sandusky, OH
Rome, GA
Pine Bluff, AR
Anderson, IN
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Sumter, SC
Great Falls, MT
Danville, VA
Longview, WA
Elmira, NY
Bay City, MI
Pocatello, ID
Carson City, NV

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

3.9
3.9
4.5
3.5
4.0
3.7
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.2
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.8
3.5
3.5
3.8
3.6
3.4
3.8
3.5
3.6
3.8
3.3
3.3
3.4
2.9
3.1
3.1
3.2
3.1
3.3
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.9
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.9

3.9
3.8
4.2
3.5
3.9
3.7
3.4
3.4
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.3
3.6
3.2
3.7
3.2
3.3
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.2
3.4
3.5
3.2
3.2
3.2
2.8
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.9
2.6
2.7
2.6
2.8

4.0
4.0
4.1
3.8
4.0
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.7
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.2
3.1
3.1
2.9
3.0
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.8

4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8

Rank 2011
358
359
360
361
362
363

Cumberland, MD-WV
Gadsden, AL
Hot Springs, AR
Danville, IL
Lewiston, ID-WA
Palm Coast, FL

IHS Global Insight

2008

2009

2010

2011

2.4
2.6
2.6
2.3
1.9
1.3

2.5
2.5
2.5
2.3
1.9
1.3

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.4
2.0
1.3

2.7
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.1
1.3

Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)


(US$, Billions)
Rank

Country or Metro Area

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

United States
China
Japan
Germany
France
Brazil
United Kingdom
Italy
India
Russia
Canada
Spain
Australia
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Mexico
South Korea
Indonesia
Netherlands
Turkey
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Switzerland
Saudi Arabia
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Sweden
Poland
Belgium
Iran
Norway
Taiwan
Argentina
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Austria
South Africa
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
United Arab Emirates
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Thailand
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Denmark
Colombia

IHS Global Insight

2011
15094.0
7298.9
5869.1
3569.5
2774.4
2476.7
2416.4
2198.0
1897.9
1857.9
1739.4
1492.5
1483.8
1287.7
1154.1
1116.4
846.8
837.8
773.1
755.0
637.7
576.8
546.8
537.7
514.3
512.6
499.7
485.2
467.2
446.1
433.9
420.4
417.9
408.7
401.3
371.6
352.7
345.6
335.3
333.6
333.3

10

Rank

Country or Metro Area

42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Venezuela
Greece
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Malaysia
Nigeria
Finland
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Singapore
Hong Kong
Israel
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Portugal
Chile
Egypt
Philippines
Ireland
Algeria
Czech Republic
Pakistan
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Iraq
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Romania
Kazakhstan
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Peru
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Qatar
Ukraine
New Zealand
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Kuwait
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Hungary
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Vietnam
Pittsburgh, PA
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO-KS

IHS Global Insight

2011
326.0
317.8
299.1
283.8
278.7
272.9
266.5
260.0
259.8
243.7
243.2
242.0
237.7
234.9
230.7
224.7
217.6
217.2
215.1
209.3
208.5
198.8
195.4
194.4
189.8
186.4
182.8
176.7
175.0
173.5
165.2
161.6
161.5
156.1
148.0
139.6
139.4
133.1
123.8
118.8
117.8
115.2
111.3
108.8

11

Rank

Country or Metro Area

86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Bangladesh
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Morocco
Puerto Rico
Slovakia
Columbus, OH
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Angola
Cuba
Oman
Salt Lake City, UT
Sudan
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Ecuador
Richmond, VA
Croatia
Azerbaijan
Oklahoma City, OK
Jacksonville, FL
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Luxembourg
Belarus
Sri Lanka
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Dominican Republic
Syria
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Bulgaria
Honolulu, HI
Slovenia
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA

IHS Global Insight

2011
106.6
106.2
105.3
105.0
101.6
99.5
96.6
96.0
94.7
94.0
93.3
91.8
87.6
86.7
85.7
85.1
82.1
80.4
80.3
76.5
73.6
72.7
72.2
71.9
68.2
67.3
66.1
65.2
63.8
63.4
61.8
60.9
59.8
59.5
59.3
59.2
58.8
55.6
55.6
53.9
53.5
51.6
49.6
49.3

12

Rank

Country or Metro Area

2011

130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173

Myanmar
Uruguay
Guatemala
Tulsa, OK
Tunisia
Rochester, NY
Uzbekistan
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Baton Rouge, LA
Serbia
Lithuania
Costa Rica
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
New Haven-Milford, CT
Lebanon
Albuquerque, NM
Madison, WI
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Macao
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Dayton, OH
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Kenya
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Tucson, AZ
Yemen
Columbia, SC
Knoxville, TN
Libya
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Ethiopia
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Worcester, MA
Fresno, CA
Panama
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Jordan
El Paso, TX
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Latvia
Anchorage, AK
Akron, OH

49.2
46.9
46.9
46.4
45.9
45.6
45.3
44.8
44.5
43.3
42.7
41.3
40.7
40.4
39.6
39.6
38.9
37.5
36.5
36.5
36.4
35.9
34.0
34.0
33.6
33.3
32.6
32.1
31.9
31.5
31.2
31.1
30.6
30.6
30.3
30.2
30.2
28.9
28.8
28.8
28.5
28.0
27.9
27.8

IHS Global Insight

13

Rank

Country or Metro Area

2011

174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217

North Korea
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Syracuse, NY
Colorado Springs, CO
Toledo, OH
Wichita, KS
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Cameroon
Bahrain
Cyprus
Jackson, MS
Tanzania
Bolivia
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Paraguay
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Winston-Salem, NC
Springfield, MA
El Salvador
Cote d Ivoire
Ghana
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Estonia
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Turkmenistan
Huntsville, AL
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lafayette, LA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Reunion
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Trinidad & Tobago
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Lancaster, PA
Stockton, CA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI

27.8
27.6
27.3
27.2
27.0
26.8
26.7
26.6
25.9
25.7
25.6
25.1
24.7
24.6
24.5
23.9
23.8
23.6
23.4
23.2
23.1
23.1
22.9
22.7
22.3
22.2
22.2
22.0
21.6
21.1
20.9
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.4
20.4
20.3
19.9
19.6
19.5
19.5
19.5
19.4
19.4

IHS Global Insight

14

Rank

Country or Metro Area

2011

218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261

Peoria, IL
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Boulder, CO
Fort Wayne, IN
Uganda
Spokane, WA
Afghanistan
Ann Arbor, MI
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Fayetteville, NC
Salinas, CA
Zambia
Corpus Christi, TX
Nepal
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Honduras
Evansville, IN-KY
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Provo-Orem, UT
Botswana
Sioux Falls, SD
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Mobile, AL
Democratic Rep. of the Congo
Brunei Darussalam
York-Hanover, PA
Charleston, WV
Green Bay, WI
Modesto, CA
Reading, PA
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Lincoln, NE
Cedar Rapids, IA
Equatorial Guinea
Montgomery, AL
Springfield, MO
Asheville, NC
Georgia
Wilmington, NC
Jamaica
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA

19.2
19.0
18.9
18.7
18.6
18.6
18.5
18.5
18.3
18.3
18.3
18.2
18.1
18.1
17.9
17.9
17.4
17.4
17.0
16.6
16.3
16.3
16.1
16.0
15.9
15.8
15.7
15.7
15.7
15.5
15.2
15.1
15.0
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.8
14.5
14.4
14.4
14.2
14.2
14.2
14.1

IHS Global Insight

15

Rank

Country or Metro Area

2011

262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305

Iceland
Norwich-New London, CT
Senegal
Lake Charles, LA
Tallahassee, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Salem, OR
Mozambique
Roanoke, VA
Savannah, GA
Canton-Massillon, OH
Rockford, IL
Albania
Cambodia
Papua New Guinea
Midland, TX
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Columbus, GA-AL
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Fargo, ND-MN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Namibia
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Flint, MI
Mauritius
Port St. Lucie, FL
Martinique
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Spartanburg, SC
Lubbock, TX
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Macedonia
Gainesville, FL
Appleton, WI
Longview, TX
Amarillo, TX

14.1
13.8
13.7
13.5
13.4
13.4
13.3
13.3
13.3
13.2
13.2
13.1
13.1
12.9
12.8
12.7
12.7
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.1
12.1
11.9
11.8
11.8
11.8
11.7
11.4
11.4
11.3
11.2
11.0
10.9
10.9
10.8
10.8
10.8
10.7
10.5
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.4

IHS Global Insight

16

Rank

Country or Metro Area

2011

306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349

Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Mali
Armenia
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Duluth, MN-WI
Madagascar
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Gabon
Rochester, MN
Springfield, IL
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Erie, PA
Burkina Faso
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Charlottesville, VA
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Topeka, KS
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Waco, TX
Chad
Tyler, TX
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Olympia, WA
Tuscaloosa, AL
Malta
Utica-Rome, NY
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Lynchburg, VA
Bellingham, WA
Barnstable Town, MA
Jacksonville, NC
Mongolia
Republic of Congo
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Lafayette, IN
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Binghamton, NY
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Iowa City, IA
Palestinian Authority
Greeley, CO

10.3
10.3
10.2
10.2
10.1
10.1
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.9
9.8
9.8
9.7
9.7
9.7
9.7
9.5
9.4
9.3
9.2
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.0
9.0
9.0
8.9
8.9
8.9
8.8
8.8
8.6
8.6
8.6
8.6
8.4
8.4
8.2
8.2
8.1
7.9
7.8
7.8
7.7

IHS Global Insight

17

Rank

Country or Metro Area

350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393

St. Cloud, MN
Laos
Macon, GA
Bahamas
Benin
Yakima, WA
Billings, MT
Pascagoula, MS
Nicaragua
Odessa, TX
Ocala, FL
Napa, CA
College Station-Bryan, TX
Columbia, MO
Florence, SC
Monroe, LA
Moldova
Racine, WI
Haiti
Gainesville, GA
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Casper, WY
Medford, OR
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Greenville, NC
Santa Fe, NM
Bend, OR
Kosovo
Laredo, TX
Eau Claire, WI
Zimbabwe
Tajikistan
Chico, CA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Bloomington, IN
Merced, CA
Harrisonburg, VA
State College, PA
Liechtenstein
Rwanda
Jefferson City, MO
Morgantown, WV
Wichita Falls, TX

IHS Global Insight

2011
7.7
7.7
7.7
7.7
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.4
7.3
7.2
7.2
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.0
7.0
7.0
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.5
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1

18

Rank

Country or Metro Area

394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437

Bermuda
Johnson City, TN
Dover, DE
Kyrgyzstan
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Joplin, MO
Malawi
Terre Haute, IN
La Crosse, WI-MN
Abilene, TX
Wausau, WI
Las Cruces, NM
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Warner Robins, GA
Bismarck, ND
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Decatur, IL
Alexandria, LA
Rocky Mount, NC
Dalton, GA
Elizabethtown, KY
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Bangor, ME
Niger
Wheeling, WV-OH
Victoria, TX
Farmington, NM
Pittsfield, MA
Cheyenne, WY
Rapid City, SD
Fairbanks, AK
Sheboygan, WI
Winchester, VA-WV
Redding, CA
Battle Creek, MI
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Corvallis, OR
Jackson, MI
Yuma, AZ
Guam
Lawton, OK
The Republic of Guinea
Albany, GA
Decatur, AL

IHS Global Insight

2011
6.1
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9

19

Rank

Country or Metro Area

438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481

El Centro, CA
Anderson, SC
Janesville, WI
Grand Junction, CO
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Columbus, IN
Yuba City, CA
Jackson, TN
Hattiesburg, MS
Flagstaff, AZ
Missoula, MT
Lima, OH
Burlington, NC
Dubuque, IA
Bowling Green, KY
Dothan, AL
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Kingston, NY
US Virgin Islands
Montenegro
French Guiana
Prescott, AZ
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Jonesboro, AR
Owensboro, KY
Barbados
Altoona, PA
Pueblo, CO
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Netherlands Antilles
Valdosta, GA
Grand Forks, ND-MN
San Angelo, TX
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Salisbury, MD
Goldsboro, NC
Johnstown, PA
Idaho Falls, ID
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Williamsport, PA
Ocean City, NJ
Ames, IA
Swaziland

IHS Global Insight

2011
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0

20

Rank

Country or Metro Area

482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525

Lebanon, PA
Fond du Lac, WI
Ithaca, NY
Glens Falls, NY
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Kokomo, IN
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Lawrence, KS
Sherman-Denison, TX
Fiji
Suriname
Logan, UT-ID
Mauritania
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Springfield, OH
Mansfield, OH
Monroe, MI
Cleveland, TN
Andorra
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
St. George, UT
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Morristown, TN
Muncie, IN
Punta Gorda, FL
Sandusky, OH
Rome, GA
Pine Bluff, AR
Togo
Anderson, IN
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Sumter, SC
Great Falls, MT
Danville, VA
Longview, WA
Cayman Island
Elmira, NY
Bay City, MI
Pocatello, ID

IHS Global Insight

2011
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.8

21

Rank

Country or Metro Area

526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550

Carson City, NV
Aruba
Cumberland, MD-WV
Gadsden, AL
Hot Springs, AR
Danville, IL
Sierra Leone
Eritrea
Lesotho
Central African Republic
Lewiston, ID-WA
Maldives
Cape Verde Islands
Burundi
Bhutan
Somalia
Guyana
Belize
Palm Coast, FL
Saint Lucia
Djibouti
Antigua and Barbuda
Liberia
Seychelles
East Timor

IHS Global Insight

2011
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.9

22

Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas


and Gross State Product of U.S. States
(US$, Billions)
Rank

State or Metro Area

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

California
Texas
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
New York
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Florida
Illinois
Pennsylvania
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
New Jersey
Ohio
North Carolina
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Virginia
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Georgia
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Massachusetts
Michigan
Washington
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Maryland
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Minnesota
Indiana
Tennessee
Colorado
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Arizona
Wisconsin
Missouri
Louisiana
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Connecticut
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Oregon
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ

IHS Global Insight

2011
1958.9
1308.1
1287.7
1158.0
755.0
754.3
670.7
578.8
546.8
487.0
484.0
439.9
433.9
428.9
420.4
418.9
401.3
391.8
385.2
355.1
352.7
335.3
326.0
301.1
283.8
281.7
278.1
266.5
264.3
260.0
258.4
254.8
249.5
247.7
242.0
230.1
208.5
198.8
194.7
194.4

23

Rank

State or Metro Area

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA


San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Alabama
South Carolina
Kentucky
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Oklahoma
Iowa
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Kansas
Nevada
Utah
Pittsburgh, PA
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO-KS
District of Columbia
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Arkansas
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Mississippi
Columbus, OH
Nebraska
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
New Mexico
Salt Lake City, UT
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Hawaii
West Virginia

IHS Global Insight

2011
182.8
175.0
173.1
165.8
164.8
161.5
155.0
149.0
148.0
139.4
133.1
130.9
130.4
124.5
118.8
117.8
115.2
111.3
108.8
107.6
106.6
105.8
105.3
105.0
101.6
97.8
94.7
94.2
94.0
93.3
91.8
87.6
86.7
85.7
85.1
82.1
80.4
80.3
79.4
72.2
68.2
67.3
67.0
66.8

24

Rank

State or Metro Area

2011

85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128

Delaware
Richmond, VA
New Hampshire
Oklahoma City, OK
Jacksonville, FL
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Idaho
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Honolulu, HI
Maine
Alaska
Rhode Island
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Tulsa, OK
Rochester, NY
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Baton Rouge, LA
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
North Dakota
South Dakota
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
New Haven-Milford, CT
Montana
Wyoming
Albuquerque, NM
Madison, WI
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Dayton, OH
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Tucson, AZ
Columbia, SC
Knoxville, TN
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Worcester, MA
Fresno, CA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
El Paso, TX
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Anchorage, AK

65.8
65.2
63.6
61.8
60.9
59.8
58.8
57.9
53.9
51.6
51.6
51.4
50.1
49.3
46.4
45.6
44.8
44.5
40.7
40.4
40.3
40.1
39.6
39.6
38.0
37.6
37.5
36.5
36.5
35.9
34.0
34.0
33.3
32.6
31.9
31.5
31.1
30.6
30.3
30.2
28.9
28.8
28.5
27.9

IHS Global Insight

25

Rank

State or Metro Area

2011

129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172

Akron, OH
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Syracuse, NY
Colorado Springs, CO
Toledo, OH
Wichita, KS
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Vermont
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Jackson, MS
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Winston-Salem, NC
Springfield, MA
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Huntsville, AL
Lafayette, LA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Lancaster, PA
Stockton, CA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Peoria, IL
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Boulder, CO
Fort Wayne, IN
Spokane, WA
Ann Arbor, MI
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Fayetteville, NC
Salinas, CA
Corpus Christi, TX
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Evansville, IN-KY

27.8
27.6
27.3
27.2
27.0
26.8
26.7
26.6
25.9
25.9
25.7
24.6
23.8
23.4
23.2
23.1
22.3
22.2
22.0
21.1
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.4
20.3
19.9
19.6
19.5
19.5
19.4
19.4
19.2
19.0
18.9
18.7
18.6
18.5
18.3
18.3
18.3
18.2
18.1
17.9
17.4

IHS Global Insight

26

Rank

State or Metro Area

2011

173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Provo-Orem, UT
Sioux Falls, SD
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Mobile, AL
York-Hanover, PA
Charleston, WV
Green Bay, WI
Modesto, CA
Reading, PA
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Lincoln, NE
Cedar Rapids, IA
Montgomery, AL
Springfield, MO
Asheville, NC
Wilmington, NC
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Norwich-New London, CT
Lake Charles, LA
Tallahassee, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Salem, OR
Roanoke, VA
Savannah, GA
Canton-Massillon, OH
Rockford, IL
Midland, TX
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Columbus, GA-AL
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Fargo, ND-MN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Flint, MI
Port St. Lucie, FL
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH

17.0
16.6
16.3
16.1
16.0
15.9
15.7
15.7
15.5
15.2
15.1
15.0
14.9
14.9
14.8
14.5
14.4
14.2
14.2
14.1
13.8
13.5
13.4
13.4
13.3
13.3
13.2
13.2
13.1
13.1
12.7
12.4
12.3
12.2
12.2
12.1
11.9
11.8
11.8
11.8
11.7
11.4
11.3
11.0

IHS Global Insight

27

Rank

State or Metro Area

2011

217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260

Burlington-South Burlington, VT
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Spartanburg, SC
Lubbock, TX
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Gainesville, FL
Appleton, WI
Longview, TX
Amarillo, TX
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Duluth, MN-WI
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Rochester, MN
Springfield, IL
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Erie, PA
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Charlottesville, VA
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Topeka, KS
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Waco, TX
Tyler, TX
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Olympia, WA
Tuscaloosa, AL
Utica-Rome, NY
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Lynchburg, VA
Bellingham, WA
Barnstable Town, MA
Jacksonville, NC
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Lafayette, IN
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Binghamton, NY
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Iowa City, IA
Greeley, CO

10.9
10.9
10.8
10.8
10.8
10.7
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.3
10.2
10.1
10.1
9.9
9.9
9.8
9.8
9.7
9.7
9.7
9.5
9.4
9.3
9.2
9.1
9.1
9.0
9.0
9.0
8.9
8.9
8.8
8.8
8.6
8.6
8.4
8.4
8.2
8.2
8.1
7.9
7.8
7.7

IHS Global Insight

28

Rank

State or Metro Area

261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304

St. Cloud, MN
Macon, GA
Yakima, WA
Billings, MT
Pascagoula, MS
Odessa, TX
Ocala, FL
Napa, CA
College Station-Bryan, TX
Columbia, MO
Florence, SC
Monroe, LA
Racine, WI
Gainesville, GA
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Casper, WY
Medford, OR
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Greenville, NC
Santa Fe, NM
Bend, OR
Laredo, TX
Eau Claire, WI
Chico, CA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Bloomington, IN
Merced, CA
Harrisonburg, VA
State College, PA
Jefferson City, MO
Morgantown, WV
Wichita Falls, TX
Johnson City, TN
Dover, DE
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Joplin, MO
Terre Haute, IN
La Crosse, WI-MN
Abilene, TX
Wausau, WI
Las Cruces, NM
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Warner Robins, GA

IHS Global Insight

2011
7.7
7.7
7.5
7.5
7.4
7.2
7.2
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.0
7.0
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7

29

Rank

State or Metro Area

305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348

Bismarck, ND
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Decatur, IL
Alexandria, LA
Rocky Mount, NC
Dalton, GA
Elizabethtown, KY
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Bangor, ME
Wheeling, WV-OH
Victoria, TX
Farmington, NM
Pittsfield, MA
Cheyenne, WY
Rapid City, SD
Fairbanks, AK
Sheboygan, WI
Winchester, VA-WV
Redding, CA
Battle Creek, MI
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Corvallis, OR
Jackson, MI
Yuma, AZ
Lawton, OK
Albany, GA
Decatur, AL
El Centro, CA
Anderson, SC
Janesville, WI
Grand Junction, CO
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Columbus, IN
Yuba City, CA
Jackson, TN
Hattiesburg, MS
Flagstaff, AZ
Missoula, MT
Lima, OH
Burlington, NC
Dubuque, IA
Bowling Green, KY
Dothan, AL
St. Joseph, MO-KS

IHS Global Insight

2011
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6

30

Rank

State or Metro Area

349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392

Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Kingston, NY
Prescott, AZ
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Jonesboro, AR
Owensboro, KY
Altoona, PA
Pueblo, CO
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Valdosta, GA
Grand Forks, ND-MN
San Angelo, TX
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Salisbury, MD
Goldsboro, NC
Johnstown, PA
Idaho Falls, ID
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Williamsport, PA
Ocean City, NJ
Ames, IA
Lebanon, PA
Fond du Lac, WI
Ithaca, NY
Glens Falls, NY
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Kokomo, IN
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Lawrence, KS
Sherman-Denison, TX
Logan, UT-ID
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Springfield, OH
Mansfield, OH
Monroe, MI
Cleveland, TN
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
St. George, UT
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Morristown, TN

IHS Global Insight

2011
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5

31

Rank

State or Metro Area

393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414

Muncie, IN
Punta Gorda, FL
Sandusky, OH
Rome, GA
Pine Bluff, AR
Anderson, IN
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Sumter, SC
Great Falls, MT
Danville, VA
Longview, WA
Elmira, NY
Bay City, MI
Pocatello, ID
Carson City, NV
Cumberland, MD-WV
Gadsden, AL
Hot Springs, AR
Danville, IL
Lewiston, ID-WA
Palm Coast, FL

IHS Global Insight

2011
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.1
1.3

32

Table 4: The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2011
Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States

Total Gross Metro Product:

Total Gross State Product:

$5.14

$4.86 trillion

New York, NY-NJ-PA


Los Angeles, CA
Chicago, IL-IN-WI
Washington, DC-VA-MD-WV
Houston, TX
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco, CA
Boston, MA-NH
Atlanta, GA

IHS Global Insight

Is greater
than

>

Vermont
Wyoming
Montana
South Dakota
North Dakota
Rhode Island
Alaska
Maine
Idaho
New Hampshire
Delaware
West Virginia
Hawaii
New Mexico
Nebraska
Mississippi
Arkansas
District of Columbia
Utah
Nevada
Kansas
Iowa
Oklahoma
Kentucky
South Carolina
Alabama
Oregon
Connecticut
Louisiana
Missouri
Wisconsin
Arizona
Colorado
Tennessee
Indiana
Minnesota

33

Table 5: Average Annual Growth of U.S. Metro Area Economies (2001-2011)

Growth Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

Midland, TX
Odessa, TX
Pascagoula, MS
Casper, WY
Jacksonville, NC
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Corvallis, OR
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Lafayette, LA
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Baton Rouge, LA
Lake Charles, LA
Longview, TX
Morgantown, WV
Bismarck, ND
Cheyenne, WY
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Clarksville, TN-KY
Provo-Orem, UT
Las Cruces, NM
Fayetteville, NC
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Logan, UT-ID
Bellingham, WA
Fargo, ND-MN
St. George, UT
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Idaho Falls, ID
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Huntsville, AL
Anchorage, AK
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Lawton, OK
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Elizabethtown, KY
Palm Coast, FL
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Laredo, TX
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX

IHS Global Insight

2001
2011
US$ Billions
5.3
12.7
3.0
7.2
3.1
7.4
3.0
6.9
3.9
8.6
1.7
3.7
2.4
5.1
5.8
11.9
10.3
20.7
12.9
25.7
8.1
16.0
15.8
31.1
22.8
44.5
6.9
13.5
5.3
10.4
3.2
6.1
2.9
5.6
2.7
5.3
20.8
39.6
5.7
10.8
8.6
16.3
3.0
5.7
9.7
18.3
8.0
15.0
2.0
3.7
4.8
8.8
6.7
12.2
2.0
3.6
52.0
94.0
232.4
420.4
2.3
4.1
77.6
139.4
11.8
21.1
15.6
27.9
6.0
10.7
2.8
5.0
2.1
3.8
3.2
5.6
3.2
5.6
0.8
1.3
2.5
4.4
3.8
6.6
10.9
19.0
10.3
17.9

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
9.1
9.0
9.0
8.8
8.2
7.9
7.7
7.5
7.2
7.1
7.1
7.0
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.5
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7

34

Growth Rank
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Tuscaloosa, AL
Victoria, TX
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
El Centro, CA
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Port St. Lucie, FL
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Waco, TX
Warner Robins, GA
Bend, OR
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Alexandria, LA
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Raleigh-Cary, NC
College Station-Bryan, TX
Peoria, IL
Corpus Christi, TX
Grand Junction, CO
Billings, MT
Oklahoma City, OK
Salt Lake City, UT
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Amarillo, TX
Lubbock, TX
Fairbanks, AK
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Yuma, AZ
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Tyler, TX
Merced, CA
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Sioux Falls, SD
Abilene, TX
Charlottesville, VA
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Yuba City, CA
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Honolulu, HI
Rochester, MN
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
State College, PA

IHS Global Insight

5.2
3.1
2.5
2.9
5.6
6.6
4.0
5.3
3.3
3.9
51.6
3.3
24.0
35.5
4.2
11.4
10.8
2.9
4.5
37.0
43.3
11.0
6.2
6.5
3.2
2.2
3.1
263.4
5.5
3.8
17.4
6.7
16.9
9.9
3.5
5.9
12.0
2.6
3.0
5.1
31.9
6.1
65.1
56.9
3.9

9.0
5.4
4.3
4.9
9.7
11.3
6.8
9.1
5.7
6.7
87.6
5.6
40.7
59.8
7.1
19.2
18.1
4.9
7.5
61.8
72.2
18.3
10.4
10.8
5.3
3.7
5.0
433.9
9.1
6.3
28.5
11.0
27.6
16.1
5.7
9.7
19.5
4.2
4.8
8.2
51.6
9.9
105.0
91.8
6.2

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9

35

Growth Rank
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Gainesville, FL
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Greenville, NC
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Columbus, IN
Flagstaff, AZ
Bowling Green, KY
El Paso, TX
Dubuque, IA
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Madison, WI
Cedar Rapids, IA
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Iowa City, IA
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Sherman-Denison, TX
Great Falls, MT
Wheeling, WV-OH
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Boise City-Nampa, ID
San Angelo, TX
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Eau Claire, WI
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Hattiesburg, MS
Ames, IA
Prescott, AZ
Lebanon, PA
Columbia, MO
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Chico, CA
Salem, OR
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Jacksonville, FL
Olympia, WA
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Jonesboro, AR

IHS Global Insight

6.5
249.7
4.2
7.3
3.0
3.0
2.9
18.0
2.9
5.1
23.0
9.4
2.4
6.9
54.3
5.0
51.2
2.4
2.0
3.5
9.1
3.0
11.8
17.2
2.7
31.8
4.2
118.2
3.1
2.6
2.9
2.6
4.6
157.8
4.2
8.7
22.2
77.1
114.5
52.7
39.9
5.9
2.7
2.7
2.9

10.5
401.3
6.7
11.7
4.8
4.8
4.6
28.8
4.6
8.2
36.5
14.9
3.8
10.9
85.1
7.8
80.3
3.7
3.2
5.4
14.1
4.6
18.3
26.7
4.2
49.3
6.6
182.8
4.8
4.0
4.5
3.9
7.1
242.0
6.5
13.3
34.0
117.8
175.0
80.4
60.9
9.0
4.1
4.1
4.4

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3

36

Growth Rank
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Colorado Springs, CO
Ocala, FL
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Charleston, WV
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Fresno, CA
Greeley, CO
Knoxville, TN
Rapid City, SD
Missoula, MT
Winchester, VA-WV
Farmington, NM
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Wichita Falls, TX
Salisbury, MD
Johnson City, TN
Baltimore-Towson, MD
York-Hanover, PA
Tulsa, OK
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Mobile, AL
Asheville, NC
La Crosse, WI-MN
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Lafayette, IN
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Bloomington, IN
Wilmington, NC
Lincoln, NE
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Dover, DE
Yakima, WA
Medford, OR
Reno-Sparks, NV
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Savannah, GA
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Jackson, MS
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Norwich-New London, CT
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO

IHS Global Insight

2.4
17.9
4.7
6.0
10.4
128.3
20.0
5.1
20.8
3.5
3.1
3.4
3.5
3.0
4.0
2.7
4.0
98.2
10.4
30.9
8.2
24.4
10.7
9.7
3.9
15.0
2.4
5.6
77.5
4.3
9.6
10.1
6.4
4.1
5.1
4.6
14.1
11.3
13.8
9.0
58.3
16.8
8.0
9.4
110.1

3.7
27.2
7.2
9.0
15.7
194.4
30.2
7.7
31.5
5.3
4.7
5.2
5.3
4.6
6.1
4.1
6.0
148.0
15.7
46.4
12.2
36.5
15.9
14.4
5.8
22.3
3.6
8.4
115.2
6.3
14.2
14.9
9.5
6.0
7.5
6.8
20.7
16.6
20.4
13.2
85.7
24.6
11.8
13.8
161.5

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9

37

Growth Rank
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Monroe, LA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Spokane, WA
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Columbus, GA-AL
Santa Fe, NM
St. Cloud, MN
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Glens Falls, NY
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Terre Haute, IN
Dothan, AL
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Tucson, AZ
Columbia, SC
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Ithaca, NY
Lewiston, ID-WA
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Stockton, CA
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Evansville, IN-KY
Modesto, CA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Goldsboro, NC
Cumberland, MD-WV
Albuquerque, NM
Jefferson City, MO
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Joplin, MO
Duluth, MN-WI
Lawrence, KS
Owensboro, KY
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Reading, PA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Decatur, AL

IHS Global Insight

4.8
63.6
12.7
240.9
76.2
4.7
9.7
8.4
4.6
5.3
72.7
14.3
2.7
15.3
4.0
3.2
7.0
22.6
22.2
5.8
2.7
1.4
145.0
525.2
6.2
13.5
16.6
12.1
10.6
182.1
28.3
2.9
1.9
26.5
4.3
7.7
6.6
4.2
7.1
2.7
3.1
913.7
10.8
231.5
3.5

7.0
93.3
18.6
352.7
111.3
6.9
14.2
12.3
6.7
7.7
105.3
20.7
3.9
22.0
5.8
4.6
10.2
32.6
31.9
8.4
3.9
2.1
208.5
755.0
8.9
19.4
23.8
17.4
15.2
260.0
40.4
4.1
2.7
37.5
6.1
10.9
9.3
5.9
10.1
3.7
4.4
1287.7
15.1
326.0
4.9

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

38

Growth Rank
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269

2001
2011
US$ Billions
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Punta Gorda, FL
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Williamsport, PA
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Carson City, NV
Lynchburg, VA
Kingston, NY
Appleton, WI
Pittsburgh, PA
Napa, CA
Tallahassee, FL
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Kansas City, MO-KS
Ocean City, NJ
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Montgomery, AL
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Jackson, TN
Valdosta, GA
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Springfield, MO
Elmira, NY
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Altoona, PA
Pocatello, ID
Pueblo, CO
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Richmond, VA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Salinas, CA
Sumter, SC
Syracuse, NY
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Gadsden, AL
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY

IHS Global Insight

238.8
3.9
2.3
48.0
18.5
3.6
2.9
48.7
2.0
6.3
3.3
7.5
85.1
5.1
9.6
15.9
78.2
2.9
204.4
20.8
10.7
2.8
3.5
3.1
16.9
4.6
10.5
2.1
26.0
3.2
2.1
3.2
22.4
5.7
47.7
9.8
63.5
13.3
2.3
20.0
4.3
14.4
2.0
2.4
33.0

335.3
5.5
3.3
67.3
25.9
5.1
4.1
68.2
2.8
8.8
4.6
10.4
118.8
7.1
13.4
22.2
108.8
4.0
283.8
28.9
14.8
3.8
4.8
4.3
23.4
6.4
14.5
2.9
35.9
4.3
2.8
4.3
30.6
7.9
65.2
13.4
86.7
18.2
3.2
27.3
5.9
19.6
2.7
3.2
44.8

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1

39

Growth Rank
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Hot Springs, AR
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Green Bay, WI
Gainesville, GA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Harrisonburg, VA
Springfield, IL
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
New Haven-Milford, CT
Pine Bluff, AR
Binghamton, NY
Decatur, IL
Brunswick, GA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Roanoke, VA
Redding, CA
Johnstown, PA
Utica-Rome, NY
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Cleveland, TN
Danville, IL
Akron, OH
Columbus, OH
Fort Wayne, IN
Worcester, MA
Spartanburg, SC
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Rockford, IL
Fond du Lac, WI
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Erie, PA
Topeka, KS
Lancaster, PA
Rochester, NY
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Bangor, ME
Springfield, MA
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Wichita, KS
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Wausau, WI

IHS Global Insight

1.9
43.4
11.4
5.1
403.6
7.6
4.7
7.3
14.8
29.4
2.4
6.0
4.2
2.4
99.3
7.5
9.9
3.9
3.1
6.6
40.3
2.7
1.9
20.9
71.1
14.0
22.8
8.1
9.4
7.4
9.9
3.0
2.7
7.4
7.2
14.8
34.8
14.8
77.6
4.2
17.7
9.2
20.7
20.6
4.4

2.6
58.8
15.5
6.9
546.8
10.3
6.3
9.8
19.9
39.6
3.2
8.1
5.6
3.2
133.1
10.1
13.2
5.2
4.1
8.9
53.9
3.6
2.5
27.8
94.7
18.7
30.3
10.8
12.4
9.8
13.1
3.9
3.6
9.7
9.4
19.5
45.6
19.4
101.6
5.5
23.1
12.1
26.8
26.6
5.7

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.6
2.6

40

Growth Rank
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Sheboygan, WI
Battle Creek, MI
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Longview, WA
Dalton, GA
Winston-Salem, NC
Florence, SC
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Lima, OH
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Racine, WI
Boulder, CO
Anderson, SC
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Jackson, MI
Pittsfield, MA
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Burlington, NC
Barnstable Town, MA
Sandusky, OH
Ann Arbor, MI
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Rocky Mount, NC
Rome, GA
Toledo, OH
Morristown, TN
Danville, VA
Janesville, WI
Dayton, OH
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Albany, GA
Canton-Massillon, OH
Bay City, MI
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Monroe, MI
Springfield, OH
Anderson, IN
Macon, GA
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI

IHS Global Insight

4.0
4.0
63.9
2.4
4.4
18.3
5.6
4.5
3.7
9.3
5.5
14.9
3.9
16.2
2.8
4.0
4.2
10.6
85.3
3.7
6.9
2.6
15.0
27.1
4.6
2.7
22.3
2.9
2.5
4.1
28.6
4.1
7.8
4.2
11.1
2.4
14.7
10.4
8.9
3.3
3.4
2.9
7.1
183.7
6.4

5.2
5.1
82.1
3.0
5.6
23.2
7.1
5.7
4.7
11.8
7.0
18.9
4.9
20.3
3.6
5.1
5.3
13.3
106.6
4.6
8.6
3.3
18.5
33.3
5.6
3.2
27.0
3.5
3.1
4.9
34.0
4.9
9.2
5.0
13.1
2.8
17.0
11.8
9.9
3.6
3.7
3.2
7.7
198.8
6.9

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7

41

Growth Rank
360
361
362
363

2001
2011
US$ Billions
Muncie, IN
Mansfield, OH
Kokomo, IN
Flint, MI

IHS Global Insight

3.1
3.4
3.7
11.5

3.3
3.7
3.8
11.4

Average Annual
Growth Rate
%
0.7
0.6
0.3
-0.1

42

Table 6: Metro Area Shares of U.S. Production (2011)


(US$, Billions)

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, Hunting


Percentage
Construction, Nat. Resources, Mining
Percentage
Manufacturing
Percentage
Trade, Transportation, Utilities
Percentage
Information Services
Percentage
Financial Activities
Percentage
Professional & Business Services
Percentage
Education & Health Services
Percentage
Leisure & Hospitality
Percentage
Other Services
Percentage
Government
Percentage
Total
Percentage

IHS Global Insight

Metro Areas
$85

Rest of
United States
$93

48%

52%

$674

$134

83%

17%

$1,567

$270

85%

15%

$2,157

$275

89%

11%

$638

$25

96%

4%

$2,840

$167

94%

6%

$1,811

$87

95%

5%

$1,193

$127

90%

10%

$526

$60

90%

10%

$322

$47

87%

13%

$1,624

$260

86%

14%

$13,436
90%

$1,545
10%

United States
$178
$808
$1,837
$2,432
$662
$3,008
$1,898
$1,321
$586
$369
$1,884
$14,981

43

Table 7: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product


(US$, Billions)
2011 GMP
Alaska
Anchorage, AK
Fairbanks, AK
Sum of Metro Areas
Alabama
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Columbus, GA-AL
Decatur, AL
Dothan, AL
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Gadsden, AL
Huntsville, AL
Mobile, AL
Montgomery, AL
Tuscaloosa, AL
Sum of Metro Areas
Arkansas
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Hot Springs, AR
Jonesboro, AR
Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Pine Bluff, AR
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Sum of Metro Areas
Arizona
Flagstaff, AZ
Lake Havasu, AZ
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ
Prescott, AZ
Tucson, AZ
Yuma, AZ
Sum of Metro Areas
California
Bakersfield, CA
Chico, CA
El Centro, CA
Fresno, CA

IHS Global Insight

% of GSP

$27.89
$5.25
$33.14

54.3
10.2
64.5

$3.71
$3.70
$53.87
$0.93
$4.95
$4.61
$4.13
$2.66
$21.13
$15.95
$14.79
$8.98
$139.41

2.1
2.1
31.1
0.5
2.9
2.7
2.4
1.5
12.2
9.2
8.5
5.2
80.5

$18.56
$8.56
$2.64
$4.38
$33.95
$1.32
$3.25
$1.05
$73.71

17.5
8.1
2.5
4.1
32.1
1.3
3.1
1.0
69.6

$4.77
$3.61
$194.40
$4.47
$32.59
$5.04
$244.88

1.8
1.4
75.2
1.7
12.6
2.0
94.7

$31.09
$6.46
$4.94
$30.21

1.6
0.3
0.3
1.5

44

Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Madera, CA
Merced, CA
Modesto, CA
Napa, CA
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Redding, CA
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria, CA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Salinas, CA
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Stockton, CA
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Yuba City, CA
Sum of Metro Areas
Colorado
Boulder, CO
Colorado Springs, CO
Denver-Aurora, CO
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Greeley, CO
Grand Junction, CO
Pueblo, CO
Sum of Metro Areas
Connecticut
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
New Haven-Milford, CT
Norwich-New London, CT
Sum of Metro Areas
District of Columbia
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Sum of Metro Areas
Delaware
Dover, DE
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$4.29
$755.00
$3.75
$6.30
$15.21
$7.14
$36.49
$5.17
$111.32
$20.36
$93.29
$9.91
$174.99
$182.82
$18.19
$10.85
$20.35
$335.28
$19.44
$14.11
$11.69
$4.80
$1,933.47

% of GSP
0.2
38.5
0.2
0.3
0.8
0.4
1.9
0.3
5.7
1.0
4.8
0.5
8.9
9.3
0.9
0.6
1.0
17.1
1.0
0.7
0.6
0.2
98.7

$18.88
$27.16
$161.47
$11.80
$7.69
$4.87
$4.31
$236.18

7.1
10.3
61.1
4.5
2.9
1.8
1.6
89.4

$82.13
$85.66
$39.60
$13.79
$221.18

35.7
37.2
17.2
6.0
96.1

$107.59

100.0

$6.02
$54.00

9.2
82.1

45

Sum of Metro Areas


Florida
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL
Gainesville, FL
Jacksonville, FL
Lakeland, FL
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Ocala, FL
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL
Palm Coast, FL
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL
Punta Gorda, FL
Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL
Tallahassee, FL
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Vero Beach, FL
Sum of Metro Areas
Georgia
Albany, GA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Brunswick, GA
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Columbus, GA-AL
Dalton, GA
Gainesville, GA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Macon, GA
Rome, GA
Savannah, GA
Valdosta, GA
Warner Robins, GA
Sum of Metro Areas
Hawaii
Honolulu, HI
Sum of Metro Areas
Iowa

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$60.02

% of GSP
91.3

$20.71
$12.40
$9.67
$10.45
$60.89
$16.57
$260.04
$13.38
$7.17
$105.01
$1.33
$19.51
$6.78
$14.18
$11.26
$3.26
$23.76
$13.40
$115.15
$4.09
$729.00

2.7
1.6
1.3
1.4
8.1
2.2
34.5
1.8
1.0
13.9
0.2
2.6
0.9
1.9
1.5
0.4
3.2
1.8
15.3
0.5
96.7

$4.96
$6.37
$283.77
$13.38
$3.19
$2.33
$11.38
$5.58
$6.92
$3.75
$7.67
$3.25
$13.21
$4.25
$5.69
$375.71

1.2
1.5
67.7
3.2
0.8
0.6
2.7
1.3
1.7
0.9
1.8
0.8
3.2
1.0
1.4
89.7

$51.60

77.0

46

Ames, IA
Cedar Rapids, IA
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Des Moines, IA
Dubuque, IA
Iowa City, IA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Sum of Metro Areas
Idaho
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Idaho Falls, ID
Lewiston, ID-WA
Logan, UT-ID
Pocatello, ID
Sum of Metro Areas
Illinois
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Danville, IL
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Decatur, IL
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Peoria, IL
Rockford, IL
Springfield, IL
St. Louis, MO-IL
Sum of Metro Areas
Indiana
Anderson, IN
Bloomington, IN
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Columbus, IN
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Evansville, IN-KY
Fort Wayne, IN
Indianapolis, IN
Kokomo, IN
Lafayette, IN
Louisville, KY-IN

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$3.98
$14.90
$7.66
$40.69
$4.62
$7.81
$3.89
$4.61
$8.16
$96.32

% of GSP
2.7
10.0
5.1
27.3
3.1
5.2
2.6
3.1
5.5
64.6

$26.70
$4.41
$4.10
$1.68
$0.17
$2.81
$39.86

46.1
7.6
7.1
2.9
0.3
4.8
68.8

$9.50
$8.86
$516.23
$2.47
$10.62
$5.63
$3.20
$19.19
$13.08
$9.83
$21.46
$620.06

1.4
1.3
77.0
0.4
1.6
0.8
0.5
2.9
1.9
1.5
3.2
92.4

$3.20
$6.35
$25.65
$1.65
$4.81
$9.80
$15.33
$18.68
$105.31
$3.76
$8.35
$7.82

1.2
2.3
9.2
0.6
1.7
3.5
5.5
6.7
37.9
1.4
3.0
2.8

47

Michigan City-La Porte, IN


Muncie, IN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Terre Haute, IN
Sum of Metro Areas
Kansas
Kansas City, MO-KS
Lawrence, KS
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Topeka, KS
Wichita, KS
Sum of Metro Areas
Kentucky
Bowling Green, KY
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Clarksville, TN-KY
Elizabethtown, KY
Evansville, IN-KY
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Louisville, KY-IN
Owensboro, KY
Sum of Metro Areas
Louisiana
Alexandria, LA
Baton Rouge, LA
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Lake Charles, LA
Lafayette, LA
Monroe, LA
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Sum of Metro Areas
Massachusetts
Barnstable Town, MA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)
Pittsfield, MA
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Springfield, MA
Worcester, MA
Sum of Metro Areas
Maryland
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Cumberland, MD-WV

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$3.61
$3.34
$11.36
$5.84
$234.85

% of GSP
1.3
1.2
4.1
2.1
84.4

$50.00
$3.75
$0.18
$9.44
$26.79
$90.16

38.2
2.9
0.1
7.2
20.5
68.9

$4.62
$16.12
$7.09
$5.58
$2.07
$3.75
$23.38
$50.98
$4.38
$117.96

2.8
9.8
4.3
3.4
1.3
2.3
14.2
30.9
2.7
71.6

$5.61
$44.52
$11.90
$13.49
$20.74
$7.04
$80.27
$25.66
$209.22

2.3
18.0
4.8
5.4
8.4
2.8
32.4
10.4
84.5

$8.62
$303.92
$5.26
$18.07
$23.09
$30.27
$389.23

2.2
77.6
1.3
4.6
5.9
7.7
99.4

$147.95
$2.12

49.1
0.7

48

Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Salisbury, MD
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Sum of Metro Areas
Maine
Bangor, ME
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Sum of Metro Areas
Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI
Battle Creek, MI
Bay City, MI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Flint, MI
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Jackson, MI
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Monroe, MI
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Sum of Metro Areas
Minnesota
Duluth, MN-WI
Fargo, ND-MN
Grand Forks, ND-MN
La Crosse, WI-MN
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Rochester, MN
St. Cloud, MN
Sum of Metro Areas
Missouri
Columbia, MO
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Jefferson City, MO
Joplin, MO
Kansas City, MO-KS
Springfield, MO
St. Joseph, MO-KS

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$5.30
$3.14
$4.13
$121.94
$284.59

% of GSP
1.8
1.0
1.4
40.5
94.5

$5.49
$3.82
$25.94
$35.25

10.6
7.4
50.3
68.3

$18.46
$5.11
$2.81
$198.76
$11.43
$33.30
$9.23
$5.06
$11.80
$19.44
$3.65
$4.86
$5.71
$6.91
$0.71
$337.24

4.8
1.3
0.7
51.6
3.0
8.6
2.4
1.3
3.1
5.0
0.9
1.3
1.5
1.8
0.2
87.5

$8.80
$1.55
$0.86
$0.31
$205.34
$9.86
$7.68
$234.40

3.1
0.6
0.3
0.1
72.9
3.5
2.7
83.2

$7.10
$0.44
$6.12
$5.89
$58.78
$14.54
$4.41

2.8
0.2
2.5
2.4
23.6
5.8
1.8

49

St. Louis, MO-IL


Sum of Metro Areas
Mississippi
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Hattiesburg, MS
Jackson, MS
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Pascagoula, MS
Sum of Metro Areas
Montana
Billings, MT
Great Falls, MT
Missoula, MT
Sum of Metro Areas
North Carolina
Asheville, NC
Burlington, NC
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
Durham, NC
Fayetteville, NC
Goldsboro, NC
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Greenville, NC
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Jacksonville, NC
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Rocky Mount, NC
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Wilmington, NC
Winston-Salem, NC
Sum of Metro Areas
North Dakota
Bismarck, ND
Fargo, ND-MN
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Sum of Metro Areas
Nebraska
Lincoln, NE
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Sum of Metro Areas
New Hampshire
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)
Manchester-Nashua, NH

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$111.66
$208.93

% of GSP
44.7
83.7

$10.31
$4.77
$24.63
$5.78
$7.40
$52.89

10.5
4.9
25.2
5.9
7.6
54.1

$7.48
$3.16
$4.73
$15.37

19.7
8.3
12.5
40.4

$14.39
$4.62
$109.40
$39.63
$18.25
$4.12
$35.87
$6.74
$11.82
$8.59
$59.81
$5.60
$0.40
$14.22
$23.22
$356.69

3.3
1.1
24.9
9.0
4.1
0.9
8.2
1.5
2.7
2.0
13.6
1.3
0.1
3.2
5.3
81.1

$5.64
$10.68
$3.39
$19.71

14.0
26.5
8.4
48.9

$14.91
$45.40
$1.31
$61.62

15.8
48.2
1.4
65.4

$22.03
$22.04

34.7
34.7

50

Sum of Metro Areas


New Jersey
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Atlantic City, NJ
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)
Ocean City, NJ
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Sum of Metro Areas
New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM
Farmington, NM
Las Cruces, NM
Santa Fe, NM
Sum of Metro Areas
Nevada
Carson City, NV
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Reno-Sparks, NV
Sum of Metro Areas
New York
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Binghamton, NY
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Elmira, NY
Glens Falls, NY
Ithaca, NY
Kingston, NY
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Rochester, NY
Syracuse, NY
Utica-Rome, NY
Sum of Metro Areas
Ohio
Akron, OH
Canton-Massillon, OH
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Columbus, OH
Dayton, OH
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Lima, OH

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$44.08

% of GSP
69.3

$3.48
$13.34
$376.26
$4.00
$57.20
$27.62
$5.08
$486.99

0.7
2.7
77.3
0.8
11.7
5.7
1.0
100.0

$37.52
$5.35
$5.73
$6.73
$55.32

47.2
6.7
7.2
8.5
69.7

$2.80
$91.78
$20.72
$115.30

2.1
70.4
15.9
88.4

$40.40
$8.06
$44.83
$2.89
$3.87
$3.87
$4.58
$910.61
$22.32
$45.61
$27.28
$8.87
$1,123.19

3.5
0.7
3.9
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.4
78.6
1.9
3.9
2.4
0.8
97.0

$27.84
$13.11
$83.79
$106.56
$94.68
$33.97
$1.01
$4.65

5.8
2.7
17.3
22.0
19.6
7.0
0.2
1.0

51

Mansfield, OH
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Sandusky, OH
Springfield, OH
Toledo, OH
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH
Wheeling, WV-OH
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Sum of Metro Areas
Oklahoma
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Lawton, OK
Oklahoma City, OK
Tulsa, OK
Sum of Metro Areas
Oregon
Bend, OR
Corvallis, OR
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Medford, OR
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA
Salem, OR
Sum of Metro Areas
Pennsylvania
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Altoona, PA
Erie, PA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Johnstown, PA
Lancaster, PA
Lebanon, PA
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Pittsburgh, PA
Reading, PA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
State College, PA
Williamsport, PA
York-Hanover, PA
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Sum of Metro Areas
Rhode Island
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Sum of Metro Areas

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$3.66
$2.14
$3.25
$3.70
$27.00
$1.97
$1.83
$13.31
$422.47

% of GSP
0.8
0.4
0.7
0.8
5.6
0.4
0.4
2.8
87.3

$1.61
$5.00
$61.84
$46.40
$114.85

1.0
3.2
39.9
29.9
74.1

$6.69
$5.07
$12.24
$6.80
$124.08
$13.29
$168.18

3.4
2.6
6.3
3.5
63.7
6.8
86.4

$27.14
$4.33
$9.74
$28.92
$4.11
$19.48
$3.92
$0.78
$238.31
$118.82
$15.15
$19.94
$6.20
$4.09
$15.72
$3.64
$520.30

4.7
0.7
1.7
5.0
0.7
3.4
0.7
0.1
41.2
20.5
2.6
3.4
1.1
0.7
2.7
0.6
89.9

$50.09

100.0

52

2011 GMP
South Carolina
Anderson, SC
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Charleston-North Charleston, SC
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
Columbia, SC
Florence, SC
Greenville, SC
Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC
Spartanburg, SC
Sumter, SC
Sum of Metro Areas
South Dakota
Rapid City, SD
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Sioux Falls, SD
Sum of Metro Areas
Tennessee
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Cleveland, TN
Jackson, TN
Johnson City, TN
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Knoxville, TN
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Morristown, TN
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN
Sum of Metro Areas
Texas
Abilene, TX
Amarillo, TX
Austin-Round Rock, TX
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
College Station-Bryan, TX
Corpus Christi, TX
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
El Paso, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Laredo, TX
Longview, TX
Lubbock, TX

IHS Global Insight

% of GSP

$4.93
$6.25
$28.54
$8.42
$31.90
$7.08
$26.62
$9.28
$10.78
$3.17
$136.98

3.0
3.8
17.2
5.1
19.2
4.3
16.1
5.6
6.5
1.9
82.6

$5.25
$0.96
$16.12
$22.34

13.1
2.4
40.2
55.7

$19.89
$3.75
$3.64
$4.80
$6.03
$7.31
$31.47
$60.22
$3.48
$85.10
$225.67

7.5
1.4
1.4
1.8
2.3
2.7
11.8
22.6
1.3
31.9
84.7

$5.74
$10.36
$94.05
$17.88
$8.21
$7.11
$18.13
$401.32
$28.77
$420.39
$16.04
$6.57
$10.36
$10.76

0.4
0.8
7.2
1.4
0.6
0.5
1.4
30.7
2.2
32.1
1.2
0.5
0.8
0.8

53

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Midland, TX
Odessa, TX
San Angelo, TX
San Antonio, TX
Sherman-Denison, TX
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Tyler, TX
Victoria, TX
Waco, TX
Wichita Falls, TX
Sum of Metro Areas
Utah
Logan, UT-ID
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Provo-Orem, UT
Salt Lake City, UT
St. George, UT
Sum of Metro Areas
Virginia
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Charlottesville, VA
Danville, VA
Harrisonburg, VA
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Lynchburg, VA
Richmond, VA
Roanoke, VA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Winchester, VA-WV
Sum of Metro Areas
Vermont
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Sum of Metro Areas
Washington
Bellingham, WA
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Longview, WA
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Olympia, WA
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$14.99
$12.67
$7.17
$4.16
$87.62
$3.74
$3.53
$9.09
$5.38
$9.12
$6.07
$1,219.24

% of GSP
1.1
1.0
0.5
0.3
6.7
0.3
0.3
0.7
0.4
0.7
0.5
93.2

$3.54
$18.26
$16.33
$72.22
$3.60
$113.95

2.8
14.7
13.1
58.0
2.9
91.5

$5.49
$9.65
$3.05
$6.29
$2.78
$8.84
$65.18
$13.24
$79.96
$203.15
$4.90
$402.53

1.3
2.3
0.7
1.5
0.6
2.1
15.2
3.1
18.6
47.4
1.1
93.9

$10.94

42.2

$8.76
$9.04
$10.70
$0.39
$3.03
$5.63
$9.03
$15.31

2.5
2.5
3.0
0.1
0.9
1.6
2.5
4.3

54

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Spokane, WA
Wenatchee, WA
Yakima, WA
Sum of Metro Areas
Wisconsin
Appleton, WI
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Duluth, MN-WI
Eau Claire, WI
Fond du Lac, WI
Green Bay, WI
Janesville, WI
La Crosse, WI-MN
Madison, WI
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Racine, WI
Sheboygan, WI
Wausau, WI
Sum of Metro Areas
West Virginia
Charleston, WV
Cumberland, MD-WV
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Morgantown, WV
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH
Wheeling, WV-OH
Winchester, VA-WV
Sum of Metro Areas
Wyoming
Casper, WY
Cheyenne, WY
Sum of Metro Areas

IHS Global Insight

2011 GMP
$242.01
$18.62
$3.78
$7.50
$333.82

% of GSP
68.2
5.2
1.1
2.1
94.0

$10.41
$4.91
$1.28
$6.57
$3.92
$15.45
$4.90
$5.52
$36.52
$86.75
$3.13
$8.40
$7.00
$5.23
$5.73
$205.72

4.1
1.9
0.5
2.6
1.5
6.1
1.9
2.2
14.3
34.0
1.2
3.3
2.7
2.1
2.2
80.7

$15.71
$0.54
$2.56
$6.20
$6.11
$3.75
$1.16
$1.60
$3.58
$0.28
$41.50

23.5
0.8
3.8
9.3
9.1
5.6
1.7
2.4
5.4
0.4
62.1

$6.88
$5.26
$12.14

18.3
14.0
32.3

55

Table 8: Real GMP and Employment Growth Rates, 2011 and 2012
(% Annual Change)
% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA


Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Baltimore-Towson, MD
St. Louis, MO-IL
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Pittsburgh, PA
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Kansas City, MO-KS
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Columbus, OH
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Salt Lake City, UT
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Memphis, TN-MS-AR

IHS Global Insight

1.1
0.8
1.0
2.6
1.2
2.1
0.3
0.9
0.7
1.3
1.5
1.6
1.7
2.8
2.2
1.4
0.8
1.5
1.8
1.4
0.7
2.3
2.1
1.8
0.3
0.9
1.1
0.1
1.2
2.9
0.9
1.5
-1.0
0.6
1.1
1.0
2.4
1.1
1.2
0.2
1.4
2.2
0.2
0.9

1.7
1.1
1.0
3.2
1.4
1.9
1.2
2.0
1.6
1.5
1.1
2.0
1.5
3.3
1.9
2.5
0.9
2.7
1.6
1.6
0.4
1.7
1.3
1.5
1.6
1.4
1.1
0.3
1.8
2.9
2.1
1.9
0.8
0.4
1.7
-0.4
1.9
0.8
0.8
0.6
1.1
2.9
0.6
1.6

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
1.1
1.9
1.4
3.8
0.9
2.9
0.4
2.1
2.4
2.1
0.7
2.6
2.0
7.5
2.6
1.8
1.3
2.1
5.5
1.1
0.7
2.8
2.3
1.0
0.5
1.0
0.6
0.9
0.8
5.0
0.9
1.6
-0.3
0.0
3.1
1.6
2.6
2.5
1.8
-1.1
0.6
2.3
0.9
1.1

1.8
1.7
1.2
3.5
1.2
2.4
1.0
2.8
2.7
1.8
1.2
2.7
1.3
3.2
1.5
2.9
1.8
2.7
2.5
1.4
0.5
2.9
1.1
1.2
2.3
1.5
1.1
1.0
0.8
3.6
2.3
2.1
1.9
0.8
2.7
0.5
2.1
1.8
1.4
-0.2
0.6
2.5
0.9
1.4

56

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Richmond, VA
Oklahoma City, OK
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Jacksonville, FL
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Honolulu, HI
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Tulsa, OK
Rochester, NY
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Baton Rouge, LA
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Albuquerque, NM
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
New Haven-Milford, CT
Madison, WI
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Dayton, OH
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Tucson, AZ
Columbia, SC
Knoxville, TN
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Worcester, MA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Fresno, CA
Anchorage, AK
El Paso, TX
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Colorado Springs, CO
Akron, OH
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Syracuse, NY
Toledo, OH
Wichita, KS
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Jackson, MS
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL

IHS Global Insight

1.2
2.1
2.2
1.2
1.1
-0.2
1.0
0.7
0.4
1.1
0.8
1.4
0.9
0.7
0.0
-0.1
1.1
0.7
0.5
0.7
0.0
1.5
2.4
0.1
0.4
2.3
2.1
0.8
1.3
0.2
1.3
0.9
0.7
1.2
2.8
1.1
0.7
0.7
0.5
1.2
-0.2
1.5
0.3
2.4
1.1
0.7

0.9
2.3
2.3
0.8
2.7
0.4
0.5
1.4
2.5
1.9
1.0
0.9
1.6
1.4
0.1
1.9
1.0
-0.6
0.6
2.1
0.1
1.0
1.9
1.0
2.1
2.5
1.9
0.3
1.6
2.0
0.3
2.2
0.6
2.1
1.5
1.2
0.2
1.2
1.4
0.6
1.5
0.5
0.4
0.6
0.6
1.4

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
0.5
2.5
3.0
0.7
0.5
-0.7
0.0
1.0
-0.1
0.7
0.3
0.8
2.7
2.4
0.4
-0.7
1.9
1.6
0.8
2.0
0.9
1.8
1.9
0.5
0.3
2.7
2.4
2.2
1.6
0.8
1.0
2.8
0.5
2.1
2.5
2.3
0.8
1.7
-0.3
1.2
0.1
2.7
0.0
2.4
0.7
0.1

0.3
1.5
2.8
0.9
1.9
0.1
-0.1
2.4
2.5
1.6
0.5
1.5
2.0
1.9
0.5
1.4
1.0
0.0
1.4
2.7
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.4
2.1
2.6
4.1
1.9
1.5
3.0
0.8
3.1
0.5
2.6
2.0
1.9
0.8
0.7
0.3
0.8
1.5
-0.9
1.1
0.5
0.4
1.0

57

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136

Lexington-Fayette, KY
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Winston-Salem, NC
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Springfield, MA
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Huntsville, AL
Lafayette, LA
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Boulder, CO
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Lancaster, PA
Stockton, CA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Fort Wayne, IN
Peoria, IL
Spokane, WA
Ann Arbor, MI
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Salinas, CA
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Corpus Christi, TX
Fayetteville, NC
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Sioux Falls, SD
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Evansville, IN-KY
Provo-Orem, UT
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Mobile, AL
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Cedar Rapids, IA
York-Hanover, PA
Green Bay, WI
Charleston, WV
Modesto, CA
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Reading, PA
Montgomery, AL
Lincoln, NE

IHS Global Insight

0.5
0.8
0.5
0.8
0.3
1.4
-0.5
2.5
2.6
1.8
-0.2
0.7
-0.6
2.1
0.9
1.0
-0.1
-1.0
0.3
1.2
2.2
2.1
-0.3
1.6
0.7
0.0
1.3
1.9
2.0
0.2
1.8
1.3
1.2
3.0
-1.0
0.0
0.9
0.4
1.5
0.5
0.0
-1.5
2.9
1.8
-1.3
1.1

1.4
-0.6
0.8
0.9
-0.5
1.5
-1.0
8.8
0.5
1.6
-0.7
1.4
0.7
2.1
1.9
0.8
2.2
4.6
-2.2
3.5
3.9
2.3
-0.4
2.7
-0.7
3.1
1.4
3.4
0.2
0.3
1.8
0.5
-0.7
2.5
0.4
0.6
1.0
-0.8
1.0
2.2
1.2
-0.2
2.4
1.4
-0.4
1.2

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
0.2
1.1
1.3
0.4
0.7
2.1
0.3
3.0
1.6
2.3
0.5
1.3
0.9
3.0
0.9
1.3
-0.1
-1.0
0.7
1.8
2.0
3.0
0.9
1.7
2.7
0.2
0.6
4.6
1.6
3.4
2.6
1.7
0.2
3.2
-1.4
-0.2
1.5
2.4
2.1
0.0
3.6
-1.7
4.3
1.3
-1.7
0.5

1.1
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.3
1.9
-0.5
7.5
1.3
3.4
0.1
3.4
1.7
2.1
1.8
0.0
1.7
4.8
-1.3
4.1
2.2
1.2
0.6
2.0
0.4
4.6
1.4
5.5
1.3
3.8
3.0
0.8
-1.6
1.7
0.5
0.5
2.6
-1.0
0.8
1.8
3.6
0.9
2.9
1.2
-0.6
1.1

58

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182

Springfield, MO
Asheville, NC
Wilmington, NC
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Salem, OR
Norwich-New London, CT
Roanoke, VA
Tallahassee, FL
Midland, TX
Canton-Massillon, OH
Savannah, GA
Rockford, IL
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Fargo, ND-MN
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Columbus, GA-AL
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Flint, MI
Lake Charles, LA
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Port St. Lucie, FL
Lubbock, TX
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Spartanburg, SC
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Longview, TX
Gainesville, FL
Amarillo, TX
Appleton, WI
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Rochester, MN
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Springfield, IL
Duluth, MN-WI

IHS Global Insight

0.7
1.0
0.2
0.8
0.6
2.8
-1.3
-1.6
-0.5
0.5
-0.6
8.3
1.8
0.3
1.4
-0.4
2.4
1.2
1.2
1.5
0.5
2.1
0.7
-0.3
0.3
-1.1
1.5
-0.7
0.1
2.6
-0.4
-0.1
0.4
0.8
1.9
1.3
-0.7
2.0
1.0
-3.9
0.7
4.0
0.2
1.3
0.3
-0.4

1.5
1.4
-1.0
-2.1
2.5
2.8
3.5
0.3
-1.7
0.2
-1.1
1.8
2.7
-0.5
2.3
-0.4
3.9
-1.2
1.4
2.3
4.7
1.3
1.6
0.1
0.5
2.3
1.8
-0.1
-1.3
2.3
2.0
3.1
2.7
2.6
-1.0
1.8
-1.5
1.9
1.5
-2.7
1.6
6.8
0.0
4.1
-0.4
-0.7

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
-0.4
1.8
0.3
-0.2
0.2
1.3
-0.3
-1.6
0.8
-1.6
-0.3
14.7
1.7
-0.1
2.5
1.0
5.6
0.9
1.6
1.9
1.7
1.1
1.4
0.2
1.8
-1.0
1.4
0.7
-1.1
4.3
1.5
1.2
0.6
3.5
0.6
3.9
-0.1
2.1
2.3
-2.9
-0.2
3.0
1.8
1.0
0.2
0.7

1.1
2.0
-0.5
-1.3
3.6
2.4
3.0
-0.7
-0.5
-0.5
-0.4
5.5
2.3
0.1
1.2
-0.2
6.5
-0.3
2.0
2.6
2.9
1.0
2.1
-0.8
1.4
1.6
1.3
2.4
-0.5
3.8
3.1
3.0
3.5
2.5
-1.3
3.9
-1.1
3.2
1.7
-1.6
0.6
7.3
0.5
5.0
0.0
-0.2

59

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Charlottesville, VA
Erie, PA
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Tyler, TX
Topeka, KS
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Waco, TX
Olympia, WA
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Tuscaloosa, AL
Utica-Rome, NY
Barnstable Town, MA
Lynchburg, VA
Bellingham, WA
Binghamton, NY
Lafayette, IN
Jacksonville, NC
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Iowa City, IA
Greeley, CO
Macon, GA
St. Cloud, MN
Yakima, WA
Billings, MT
Casper, WY
Pascagoula, MS
Ocala, FL
College Station-Bryan, TX
Odessa, TX
Columbia, MO
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Napa, CA
Florence, SC
Gainesville, GA
Santa Fe, NM
Medford, OR
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Monroe, LA
Bend, OR

IHS Global Insight

1.0
2.8
-0.5
1.9
2.7
0.7
1.8
-0.9
5.4
-0.1
0.7
0.3
-3.5
-0.3
-0.2
0.5
-0.2
1.7
-0.1
2.0
-0.8
0.7
1.8
2.0
1.2
1.0
3.0
0.4
1.6
0.3
0.3
3.5
-4.8
-0.3
-0.4
9.7
2.2
1.8
1.5
-0.4
3.9
-0.6
-0.1
-0.4
0.2
-0.1

1.5
0.9
0.4
3.0
1.7
1.4
2.8
0.1
6.1
0.4
1.5
0.3
-0.7
-0.3
2.1
2.4
0.6
3.2
1.4
1.8
1.3
1.8
0.6
2.2
0.6
1.1
1.1
1.7
0.5
0.9
-0.2
3.5
1.7
0.2
-0.6
7.2
3.3
0.5
0.4
4.1
6.5
2.7
1.0
1.7
0.7
1.0

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
1.0
1.7
-0.4
1.0
2.8
-1.0
2.7
-0.6
4.4
1.6
0.3
0.2
-1.6
-0.1
-2.0
0.3
0.0
3.6
-1.5
3.4
-0.4
3.0
2.4
3.2
1.0
2.4
3.4
-0.1
0.2
-0.4
0.9
2.0
-5.5
-0.7
1.8
15.6
2.7
2.4
0.5
-0.5
5.0
-1.3
1.8
0.8
0.3
1.8

1.2
1.2
0.1
2.4
1.4
1.6
4.1
0.4
5.5
1.5
1.3
-0.1
-0.4
0.2
1.1
1.6
-0.6
2.8
0.8
1.7
1.5
1.8
2.5
2.4
0.0
1.5
2.1
1.9
0.9
0.4
0.2
3.6
0.8
0.9
3.4
9.7
2.7
0.4
2.7
3.2
5.2
2.2
1.7
1.7
-0.7
1.6

60

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274

Racine, WI
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Laredo, TX
Eau Claire, WI
Greenville, NC
Wichita Falls, TX
Chico, CA
Corvallis, OR
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Merced, CA
Bloomington, IN
State College, PA
Harrisonburg, VA
Johnson City, TN
Abilene, TX
Jefferson City, MO
Dover, DE
Morgantown, WV
Joplin, MO
Las Cruces, NM
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
La Crosse, WI-MN
Wausau, WI
Terre Haute, IN
Rocky Mount, NC
Bismarck, ND
Warner Robins, GA
Elizabethtown, KY
Dalton, GA
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Decatur, IL
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Bangor, ME
Alexandria, LA
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Farmington, NM
Rapid City, SD
Wheeling, WV-OH
Cheyenne, WY
Pittsfield, MA
Redding, CA
Winchester, VA-WV
Battle Creek, MI
Fairbanks, AK
Victoria, TX
Sheboygan, WI

IHS Global Insight

1.0
0.8
4.2
0.1
-0.4
-0.2
-1.9
1.7
-0.3
0.6
-1.1
1.3
2.3
1.4
-0.5
-0.3
0.9
0.7
1.0
0.6
0.6
0.1
-0.1
-1.1
-0.7
3.2
-0.4
2.4
-1.0
1.0
1.1
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
4.0
1.3
1.4
-0.2
2.3
-0.1
-0.7
2.9
0.4
0.2
3.3
-0.9

0.1
-0.1
4.1
-1.2
0.7
-0.9
-0.2
-0.4
2.3
-0.8
0.0
1.0
1.6
1.5
-0.8
1.5
1.3
3.2
2.8
0.3
1.2
1.6
0.9
1.8
0.3
4.1
0.1
-0.4
-5.2
-0.4
0.2
0.2
0.3
-1.8
5.3
-0.2
1.1
1.5
2.0
-0.2
3.4
0.5
0.9
0.0
-0.2
0.4

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
2.2
0.0
6.0
1.5
1.0
0.6
0.4
7.1
-0.6
0.6
-1.5
1.6
-0.3
0.5
1.5
-0.1
-1.2
3.1
0.4
1.2
1.9
1.2
0.2
0.3
0.7
7.7
1.5
6.9
1.6
0.5
1.4
-0.1
-0.8
1.6
2.6
-0.3
3.0
1.8
1.7
-0.7
-0.4
1.1
0.9
1.8
5.4
0.6

0.3
0.2
5.4
-0.9
1.9
1.3
2.5
1.1
2.0
2.3
0.1
0.5
-0.5
1.0
1.5
0.5
0.2
6.7
1.6
1.1
2.2
1.4
0.9
1.9
1.6
7.3
0.7
0.2
-3.5
-1.5
-0.2
-0.4
0.9
-0.3
3.1
1.2
2.4
2.9
1.8
1.3
4.1
-0.4
0.3
4.4
2.7
0.6

61

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320

Janesville, WI
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Yuma, AZ
Jackson, MI
Albany, GA
El Centro, CA
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Grand Junction, CO
Lawton, OK
Anderson, SC
Yuba City, CA
Jackson, TN
Decatur, AL
Missoula, MT
Hattiesburg, MS
Columbus, IN
Flagstaff, AZ
Burlington, NC
Dubuque, IA
Bowling Green, KY
Dothan, AL
Kingston, NY
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Lima, OH
Coeur d'Alene, ID
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Jonesboro, AR
Prescott, AZ
Altoona, PA
Pueblo, CO
Valdosta, GA
Owensboro, KY
San Angelo, TX
Idaho Falls, ID
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Salisbury, MD
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Johnstown, PA
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Goldsboro, NC
Williamsport, PA
Ocean City, NJ
Kokomo, IN
Ames, IA
Sherman-Denison, TX

IHS Global Insight

-1.2
-0.9
-1.1
1.4
-1.6
-0.2
2.3
1.0
-2.2
0.5
0.2
1.0
0.9
0.3
-1.1
7.4
-0.2
2.2
1.1
1.4
0.5
0.0
0.7
0.6
0.8
1.4
0.6
-1.1
1.4
1.7
-0.9
2.8
1.9
-0.3
0.8
0.6
0.7
-0.2
0.6
0.7
0.4
3.3
-1.2
2.8
0.9
1.7

-0.3
1.8
0.7
2.3
-0.9
3.8
-0.5
2.7
-2.3
-2.8
1.8
1.8
1.2
-1.5
2.0
6.9
0.2
1.2
1.9
0.2
0.0
2.8
3.5
1.7
2.7
1.1
1.1
0.7
0.5
-0.1
1.9
2.7
2.1
1.4
0.2
0.8
2.4
2.1
-0.5
3.3
2.1
1.6
7.4
2.2
2.4
0.9

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
0.1
-0.4
-1.2
2.6
-2.0
1.1
3.4
1.0
-0.2
2.7
0.7
1.4
-0.2
0.0
-1.0
8.9
1.6
3.1
3.1
0.0
-0.7
-2.8
1.8
0.6
0.1
-0.2
1.7
-0.4
1.2
1.7
0.0
0.7
3.0
0.0
2.5
-1.5
-1.5
-0.6
0.1
1.7
0.8
4.8
-1.4
2.0
1.8
3.2

0.0
2.4
0.9
1.7
-0.8
4.8
-0.1
3.1
0.3
-1.5
3.3
1.5
1.2
-0.8
1.8
7.4
1.2
1.6
1.9
-0.5
-0.4
1.1
4.2
1.3
2.7
0.1
1.9
1.2
-0.2
0.5
2.3
2.0
3.3
1.2
2.5
-0.8
2.3
1.5
-1.3
5.6
1.9
1.0
7.0
2.3
1.9
2.2

62

% chg Employment
2011
2012

Rank
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363

Lebanon, PA
Fond du Lac, WI
Glens Falls, NY
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Mansfield, OH
Logan, UT-ID
Lawrence, KS
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Ithaca, NY
Springfield, OH
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Monroe, MI
St. George, UT
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Cleveland, TN
Morristown, TN
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Muncie, IN
Punta Gorda, FL
Anderson, IN
Sandusky, OH
Rome, GA
Brunswick, GA
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Sumter, SC
Pine Bluff, AR
Great Falls, MT
Danville, VA
Longview, WA
Elmira, NY
Pocatello, ID
Bay City, MI
Carson City, NV
Hot Springs, AR
Gadsden, AL
Cumberland, MD-WV
Danville, IL
Lewiston, ID-WA
Palm Coast, FL

IHS Global Insight

1.0
0.8
1.2
0.3
1.1
0.8
1.7
-1.7
-1.4
-1.1
1.9
2.2
-1.4
-0.1
1.8
0.8
-0.4
0.5
-0.4
-1.7
-1.4
-0.3
0.5
-1.3
3.0
-2.3
-1.9
-0.6
0.2
-1.9
-1.5
2.4
-0.8
0.4
-0.1
0.0
-1.6
0.1
0.6
1.5
0.4
-0.3
1.5

-0.2
1.2
3.7
1.6
1.7
0.9
0.9
-0.4
-0.8
-3.8
0.8
-0.9
-0.5
-0.8
0.6
-0.8
-0.5
-1.6
0.6
-0.9
0.8
2.0
-1.3
0.9
3.5
-1.3
1.1
2.0
0.1
0.5
-2.2
2.1
1.0
-3.1
2.9
0.9
-3.6
-2.1
1.2
2.9
-1.0
2.0
0.5

% chg Real GMP


2011
2012
3.2
2.8
-1.4
-0.4
0.8
0.2
0.6
-1.4
-1.5
-2.3
1.7
0.9
0.1
-0.2
1.2
2.9
0.1
1.6
-0.3
-0.1
-0.4
0.0
-1.5
-1.2
3.6
-1.0
-1.6
-0.4
0.8
-0.7
0.1
1.7
-0.9
0.8
0.8
-1.2
-2.4
0.9
-0.2
0.4
1.6
-0.3
-1.1

-0.8
1.3
2.4
1.9
0.5
0.6
-0.2
-1.1
-0.6
-3.1
1.5
-0.3
2.4
-1.3
0.2
0.8
0.2
-0.7
0.1
-0.5
0.6
2.1
-0.6
0.7
6.0
-0.1
0.4
1.0
0.5
0.6
-0.9
1.1
0.4
-3.0
2.1
1.3
-2.3
-1.4
0.6
1.4
0.4
1.6
1.3

63

Table 9: Real GMP Growth Rates


(Annual average percent change)
Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Lafayette, LA
Midland, TX
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Elizabethtown, KY
Jacksonville, NC
Lawton, OK
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Bloomington-Normal, IL
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Anchorage, AK
Bismarck, ND
College Station-Bryan, TX
Morgantown, WV
Cedar Rapids, IA
Baton Rouge, LA
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Wichita Falls, TX
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Rochester, MN
Fayetteville, NC
Colorado Springs, CO
Albuquerque, NM
Harrisonburg, VA
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
San Angelo, TX
Fargo, ND-MN
Monroe, LA
Waco, TX
Longview, TX
Corvallis, OR
Logan, UT-ID
Las Cruces, NM
Abilene, TX

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

13.7
12.0
9.9
7.6
7.5
6.9
6.5
5.6
5.2
5.2
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.7
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.0
3.8
3.6
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.1
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.5

2.7
3.0
14.7
0.6
1.7
6.9
-0.4
-0.2
3.8
5.0
0.6
-0.4
7.5
1.0
7.7
1.8
3.1
2.4
0.8
1.5
2.9
0.6
2.7
1.8
1.6
2.3
0.4
-0.3
2.4
-0.1
3.0
5.6
0.3
1.6
3.9
7.1
0.6
1.2
1.5

-0.9
7.5
5.5
0.6
2.9
0.2
1.5
0.3
3.5
3.6
-1.3
0.1
3.2
0.8
7.3
3.4
6.7
-1.0
1.5
3.1
0.8
1.3
2.0
0.5
1.3
1.9
0.5
-0.5
1.9
-0.4
3.3
6.5
-0.7
1.5
3.9
1.1
-0.2
1.1
1.5

64

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

Lubbock, TX
Great Falls, MT
Williamsport, PA
Springfield, IL
Sherman-Denison, TX
Cheyenne, WY
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
El Paso, TX
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Eau Claire, WI
Wheeling, WV-OH
Warner Robins, GA
State College, PA
Pascagoula, MS
Huntsville, AL
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Madison, WI
La Crosse, WI-MN
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Laredo, TX
Bellingham, WA
Winchester, VA-WV
Jonesboro, AR
Greenville, NC
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Provo-Orem, UT
Tyler, TX
Salt Lake City, UT
Columbia, MO
Sioux Falls, SD
Dover, DE
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Lima, OH
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Clarksville, TN-KY
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Salem, OR
Bakersfield-Delano, CA

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4

4.3
0.1
4.8
0.2
3.2
1.7
2.9
3.4
2.8
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.5
1.6
-5.5
0.3
3.1
1.6
1.2
5.5
0.4
6.0
3.6
1.1
1.7
1.0
3.0
-0.7
3.2
2.7
2.3
2.7
2.6
-1.2
0.9
0.6
4.3
3.5
3.0
-1.6
2.4

3.8
-0.9
1.0
0.0
2.2
1.8
2.4
3.8
3.1
2.6
-0.9
2.9
0.7
0.5
0.8
-0.5
2.7
0.0
1.4
2.5
0.1
5.4
2.8
-0.4
1.9
1.9
2.8
1.4
1.7
4.1
2.5
2.7
3.0
0.2
1.2
1.3
2.9
2.5
1.8
-0.7
4.1

65

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Appleton, WI
Amarillo, TX
Charleston, WV
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Lebanon, PA
Dubuque, IA
Lincoln, NE
Syracuse, NY
Odessa, TX
Utica-Rome, NY
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Cumberland, MD-WV
Columbus, GA-AL
Lewiston, ID-WA
Lawrence, KS
Elmira, NY
Alexandria, LA
Pueblo, CO
Idaho Falls, ID
Goldsboro, NC
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Glens Falls, NY
Casper, WY
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Baltimore-Towson, MD
El Centro, CA
Oklahoma City, OK
Binghamton, NY
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Sandusky, OH
Charlottesville, VA
Tuscaloosa, AL
Lake Charles, LA
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Iowa City, IA
Bloomington, IN

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

2.4
1.4
0.6
2.3
2.1
3.6
0.3
3.2
3.1
0.5
-0.3
15.6
-2.0
-0.6
0.4
1.6
-0.3
-1.4
0.8
1.6
1.7
0.0
0.8
2.7
-1.4
2.0
0.8
0.8
2.4
1.1
1.1
2.5
-1.5
0.4
3.6
1.0
-0.1
0.2
2.5
2.4
-1.5

2.7
1.3
1.4
1.7
3.2
3.6
0.5
-0.8
1.9
1.1
0.3
9.7
1.1
1.5
1.4
2.0
1.6
-1.1
-3.0
-0.3
0.5
1.2
1.9
0.4
2.4
3.6
1.4
1.7
0.4
1.4
4.8
1.5
0.8
1.0
6.0
2.4
0.2
-0.8
2.5
1.5
0.1

66

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT


Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NYBrownsville-Harlingen, TX
Champaign-Urbana, IL
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Corpus Christi, TX
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Rochester, NY
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Duluth, MN-WI
Richmond, VA
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Evansville, IN-KY
Topeka, KS
Mobile, AL
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Fort Wayne, IN
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Medford, OR
Billings, MT
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Rapid City, SD
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Jefferson City, MO
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Worcester, MA
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Pittsburgh, PA
Chico, CA
Missoula, MT
Jackson, MS
Boulder, CO
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Battle Creek, MI
Lansing-East Lansing, MI

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.1
-0.1
-0.1
-0.2

2.5
0.0
1.1
2.4
-1.6
-0.2
4.6
2.1
0.7
1.8
0.7
0.5
1.8
-2.9
0.2
-0.6
-0.2
0.9
2.0
0.7
1.7
1.1
1.8
0.9
1.9
0.9
3.0
0.8
1.0
-0.1
2.6
2.2
2.0
2.3
0.4
0.0
0.7
3.0
1.9
0.9
1.3

1.8
1.1
1.8
2.5
-0.4
0.1
5.5
2.7
1.6
4.2
-0.2
0.3
4.1
-1.6
-1.6
0.4
0.5
1.2
2.2
-1.3
0.7
0.1
1.7
0.2
2.2
1.7
2.4
0.5
2.4
0.5
2.1
1.9
1.3
1.1
2.5
-0.8
0.4
2.1
2.6
0.3
0.0

67

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203

Kingston, NY
Danville, VA
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Wilmington, NC
Danville, IL
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Gainesville, FL
Barnstable Town, MA
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Spokane, WA
Johnstown, PA
Lynchburg, VA
Green Bay, WI
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Asheville, NC
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Ithaca, NY
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Fond du Lac, WI
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Bangor, ME
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Hattiesburg, MS
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Knoxville, TN
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Owensboro, KY
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Altoona, PA
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Roanoke, VA
Ames, IA
Rocky Mount, NC
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Salinas, CA
Palm Coast, FL
Honolulu, HI

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.4
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.6
-0.7
-0.7
-0.7
-0.7

-2.8
1.7
0.0
0.3
1.6
-1.1
0.9
-0.1
0.3
2.0
0.9
0.1
0.0
0.0
2.3
1.8
3.2
-2.3
0.2
2.1
2.8
0.8
-0.8
1.0
-1.0
-0.4
2.7
-0.2
0.5
0.7
2.6
1.2
1.6
-1.6
1.8
0.7
0.5
2.8
0.2
-1.1
0.0

1.1
1.1
0.2
-0.5
0.4
-0.2
0.9
-1.1
1.6
2.7
0.6
-1.3
-0.6
1.8
3.4
2.0
2.4
-3.1
1.1
2.6
1.3
0.8
0.9
1.2
1.8
1.0
2.6
-1.3
0.5
2.0
2.7
-0.2
0.5
-0.5
1.9
1.6
1.9
2.9
4.6
1.3
-0.1

68

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244

Yuba City, CA
Tulsa, OK
Joplin, MO
Columbus, OH
Bay City, MI
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Yakima, WA
Wausau, WI
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Springfield, MA
Ann Arbor, MI
Lancaster, PA
Terre Haute, IN
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Racine, WI
Fairbanks, AK
Ocean City, NJ
Lafayette, IN
Peoria, IL
Cleveland, TN
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Greeley, CO
Reading, PA
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Pine Bluff, AR
St. Cloud, MN
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Merced, CA
Bend, OR
Olympia, WA
Johnson City, TN
Albany, GA
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Jackson, TN
Sumter, SC
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Gadsden, AL
Chattanooga, TN-GA

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

-0.7
-0.7
-0.8
-0.8
-0.8
-0.9
-0.9
-0.9
-0.9
-0.9
-0.9
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.0
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.4

0.7
-0.1
0.4
1.6
-1.2
2.5
-0.4
0.2
0.2
1.6
0.7
1.7
-0.1
0.3
0.9
2.2
1.8
-1.4
3.4
3.0
-0.3
0.5
3.4
1.3
-0.4
-0.7
0.2
3.4
0.6
1.8
0.3
0.5
-2.0
-0.2
1.4
0.8
1.4
1.7
-0.4
-0.2
2.1

3.3
2.5
1.6
2.1
1.3
2.0
0.4
0.9
-0.1
1.5
0.3
2.0
1.7
1.9
1.8
0.3
4.4
7.0
1.7
1.2
0.1
-1.5
2.1
1.2
1.9
0.6
0.9
-0.1
2.3
1.6
1.3
1.0
-0.8
0.6
1.5
0.5
1.2
1.2
2.4
0.6
1.9

69

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA


Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Valdosta, GA
Kansas City, MO-KS
Anderson, SC
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Yuma, AZ
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Farmington, NM
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Columbia, SC
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Winston-Salem, NC
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Pocatello, ID
York-Hanover, PA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Toledo, OH
Tallahassee, FL
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Salisbury, MD
Jacksonville, FL
Jackson, MI
Coeur d'Alene, ID
St. Louis, MO-IL
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Rome, GA
Sheboygan, WI
Longview, WA
Modesto, CA
Pittsfield, MA
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Montgomery, AL
Rockford, IL
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Morristown, TN
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Decatur, AL
Hot Springs, AR

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

-1.4
-1.4
-1.4
-1.4
-1.4
-1.4
-1.4
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.6
-1.6
-1.6
-1.6
-1.6
-1.6
-1.7
-1.7
-1.7
-1.7
-1.7
-1.7
-1.7
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.8
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-1.9
-2.0

1.3
0.1
0.0
1.0
2.7
1.0
-1.2
0.9
1.0
-0.3
0.9
0.3
2.6
1.3
1.1
0.8
2.1
1.9
1.2
-0.3
1.0
1.9
-1.5
0.7
2.6
0.1
0.7
0.6
-1.0
0.6
-0.9
-1.7
-0.7
0.7
-1.7
2.5
1.6
-0.1
-0.6
-0.2
0.9

1.8
2.4
2.3
1.5
-1.5
5.0
0.9
2.3
1.2
1.2
-0.3
2.1
3.1
0.4
1.4
2.1
0.8
1.7
0.8
-0.4
-0.2
1.5
-0.8
0.9
1.7
2.7
0.5
1.1
-0.1
0.6
0.4
0.9
1.3
2.4
-0.6
1.2
-0.7
-0.5
2.0
1.2
-1.4

70

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326

Gainesville, GA
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Dothan, AL
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Bowling Green, KY
Fresno, CA
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Akron, OH
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
New Haven-Milford, CT
Springfield, MO
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Dayton, OH
Flint, MI
Carson City, NV
Decatur, IL
Victoria, TX
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Savannah, GA
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Spartanburg, SC
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
St. George, UT
Santa Fe, NM
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Port St. Lucie, FL
Springfield, OH
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Macon, GA
Muncie, IN
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Florence, SC
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Burlington, NC
Stockton, CA
Janesville, WI

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

-2.0
-2.0
-2.0
-2.1
-2.1
-2.1
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.3
-2.3
-2.4
-2.4
-2.4
-2.4
-2.4
-2.4
-2.4
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.6
-2.7
-2.7
-2.9
-2.9
-3.0
-3.0
-3.0
-3.0
-3.0
-3.0

5.0
2.4
-0.7
1.0
2.1
0.0
0.8
1.8
0.8
2.1
0.9
1.9
-0.4
-1.0
0.6
-0.3
1.8
1.4
-2.4
1.4
5.4
0.7
-0.1
0.2
1.2
-1.4
1.2
-1.3
1.3
-1.1
1.7
1.8
-0.1
0.0
0.1
1.7
-0.5
-0.3
3.1
-1.0
0.1

5.2
0.5
-0.4
0.0
2.8
-0.5
3.0
1.4
0.8
1.8
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.6
3.5
3.0
1.2
2.1
-2.3
-0.2
2.7
1.2
0.1
3.6
3.0
0.5
0.2
2.2
3.4
-0.5
1.5
1.4
1.9
2.1
1.0
0.8
3.2
1.9
1.6
4.8
0.0

71

Rank
U.S Real GDP
363 Metros Real GMP
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363

Anderson, IN
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Columbus, IN
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Redding, CA
Erie, PA
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Monroe, MI
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Reno-Sparks, NV
Canton-Massillon, OH
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Punta Gorda, FL
Napa, CA
Flagstaff, AZ
Wichita, KS
Tucson, AZ
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Brunswick, GA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Ocala, FL
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Norwich-New London, CT
Prescott, AZ
Grand Junction, CO
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Mansfield, OH
Kokomo, IN
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Dalton, GA

IHS Global Insight

20082010
-0.3
-0.1

2011
1.7
1.6

2012
2.0
1.8

-3.0
-3.0
-3.0
-3.1
-3.1
-3.1
-3.1
-3.2
-3.2
-3.4
-3.4
-3.4
-3.4
-3.4
-3.5
-3.5
-3.6
-3.6
-3.7
-3.7
-3.8
-3.9
-4.0
-4.0
-4.2
-4.3
-4.4
-4.6
-4.7
-4.8
-5.1
-5.1
-5.2
-5.3
-5.4
-5.5
-6.8

-1.2
3.0
0.9
8.9
4.4
2.6
-0.7
-0.4
2.8
0.5
1.3
1.6
-0.2
1.8
0.5
1.7
1.7
-1.5
-1.5
0.5
1.6
0.1
0.5
1.1
-1.0
-1.6
0.0
-0.7
-0.4
0.8
-0.4
1.0
0.1
0.2
2.0
-1.5
1.6

0.7
7.3
-0.3
7.4
5.5
1.5
0.1
4.1
1.4
2.3
2.4
1.3
-1.3
2.9
0.1
2.3
5.6
-0.6
-0.6
2.7
1.2
1.5
1.4
1.0
1.6
0.4
0.8
0.9
0.6
-0.5
1.2
3.1
0.2
0.6
2.3
2.3
-3.5

72

Table 10: Real Gross State and Metropolitan Product


(Annual growth, percent)
2012 2013
United States

2.0

2.2

Alaska
Anchorage, AK
Fairbanks, AK

7.3
0.8
4.4

3.6
1.9
1.1

Alabama
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Decatur, AL
Dothan, AL
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Gadsden, AL
Huntsville, AL
Mobile, AL
Montgomery, AL
Tuscaloosa, AL

0.4
-0.6
-0.3
0.1
1.2
-0.4
1.5
0.6
-0.5
0.5
-0.6
0.2

2.0
1.1
2.0
1.4
2.9
1.5
1.7
1.9
2.4
2.1
1.6
1.9

Arkansas
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Hot Springs, AR
Jonesboro, AR
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Pine Bluff, AR

2.0
4.1
-1.6
-1.4
1.9
1.2
0.6

2.2
3.2
1.9
0.5
2.0
1.7
0.6

Arizona
Flagstaff, AZ
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Prescott, AZ
Tucson, AZ
Yuma, AZ

2.7
1.2
0.2
2.9
1.2
1.4
0.9

2.7
1.9
2.0
2.9
2.3
1.9
2.0

California
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Chico, CA
El Centro, CA
Fresno, CA
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Merced, CA
Modesto, CA
Napa, CA
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA

2.6
4.1
2.5
4.8
3.0
5.6
1.7
2.4
2.3
0.9
2.7
1.4

2.1
1.9
0.2
1.0
1.5
0.6
1.6
1.0
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.7

IHS Global Insight

73

2012 2013
Redding, CA
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Salinas, CA
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Stockton, CA
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Yuba City, CA

4.1
2.3
1.9
4.6
1.8
2.8
3.2
3.5
3.4
5.0
3.4
4.8
3.6
2.4
3.3

0.3
2.0
2.0
1.2
1.7
1.9
3.5
1.5
1.0
1.1
1.6
2.0
1.1
1.4
0.5

Colorado
Boulder, CO
Colorado Springs, CO
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Grand Junction, CO
Greeley, CO
Pueblo, CO

3.1
2.1
1.9
2.7
2.6
3.1
2.1
0.5

2.5
1.7
2.1
2.3
2.4
1.7
2.5
1.6

Connecticut
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
New Haven-Milford, CT
Norwich-New London, CT

1.4
1.4
1.8
1.0
-0.5

1.5
2.3
1.2
1.0
0.6

District of Columbia
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA)

1.8
1.2

1.3
2.0

Delaware
Dover, DE

1.2
0.2

1.9
1.0

Florida
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Gainesville, FL
Jacksonville, FL
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Ocala, FL
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL

1.3
1.3
1.2
-0.3
-1.1
0.9
0.5
1.2
2.4
1.0
0.9
1.1

2.5
2.8
1.3
2.3
1.1
2.6
2.7
2.4
3.0
2.3
3.0
2.9

IHS Global Insight

74

2012 2013
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Palm Coast, FL
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Port St. Lucie, FL
Punta Gorda, FL
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Tallahassee, FL
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL

1.7
1.3
0.2
-1.3
-0.5
-0.6
2.3
-0.4
1.2

2.7
3.9
1.5
1.6
2.8
1.8
2.1
0.8
2.6

Georgia
Albany, GA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Brunswick, GA
Columbus, GA-AL
Dalton, GA
Gainesville, GA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Macon, GA
Rome, GA
Savannah, GA
Valdosta, GA
Warner Robins, GA

1.6
-0.8
2.0
1.8
-1.3
0.4
2.0
-3.5
5.2
0.8
1.9
-0.1
0.1
2.3
0.7

2.2
0.8
1.5
2.5
1.3
1.2
1.6
2.2
3.0
0.8
1.1
2.1
1.4
1.3
0.4

Hawaii
Honolulu, HI

0.2
-0.1

1.1
1.0

Iowa
Ames, IA
Cedar Rapids, IA
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Dubuque, IA
Iowa City, IA
Sioux City, IA
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA

2.0
1.9
-1.0
0.4
1.9
1.9
1.5
1.7
2.4

1.9
1.2
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.9
1.6
2.3

Idaho
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Idaho Falls, ID
Lewiston, ID-WA
Pocatello, ID

2.3
2.6
2.7
1.2
1.6
2.1

2.2
3.1
2.1
1.3
2.1
1.6

Illinois
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Champaign-Urbana, IL

1.2
0.1
-0.4

1.7
0.8
0.2

IHS Global Insight

75

2012 2013
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA)
Danville, IL
Decatur, IL
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Peoria, IL
Rockford, IL
Springfield, IL

1.2
0.4
-0.2
1.0
1.2
1.2
0.0

1.9
0.5
0.7
0.6
0.9
1.3
-0.4

Indiana
Anderson, IN
Bloomington, IN
Columbus, IN
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Evansville, IN-KY
Fort Wayne, IN
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Kokomo, IN
Lafayette, IN
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Muncie, IN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Terre Haute, IN

1.5
0.7
0.1
7.4
7.3
-1.6
2.2
0.8
2.3
1.7
-0.7
2.1
1.0
1.9

2.0
1.0
1.5
3.0
4.1
1.4
2.2
1.8
2.0
1.9
1.8
0.2
1.3
1.1

Kansas
Lawrence, KS
Topeka, KS
Wichita, KS

2.0
-1.1
0.4
1.5

2.0
0.3
0.8
1.8

Kentucky
Bowling Green, KY
Elizabethtown, KY
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY
Owensboro, KY

1.3
-0.5
0.2
1.1
1.9
2.0

2.1
2.5
1.7
2.4
1.9
2.4

Louisiana
Alexandria, LA
Baton Rouge, LA
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Lafayette, LA
Lake Charles, LA
Monroe, LA
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA

3.2
-0.3
1.5
2.9
7.5
-0.8
-0.7
0.6
-0.9

2.3
0.9
0.9
1.5
1.1
1.1
1.6
1.5
0.9

Massachusetts
Barnstable Town, MA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA)
Pittsfield, MA

2.4
1.6
2.7
1.3

2.2
1.4
2.3
1.1

IHS Global Insight

76

2012 2013
Springfield, MA
Worcester, MA

0.3
1.9

1.5
1.8

Maryland
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Cumberland, MD-WV
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Salisbury, MD

1.6
1.4
1.4
0.0
-0.8

1.8
1.7
0.8
2.5
1.9

Maine
Bangor, ME
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME

1.3
0.9
1.9
1.1

1.5
1.0
1.6
1.7

Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI
Battle Creek, MI
Bay City, MI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Flint, MI
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Jackson, MI
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Monroe, MI
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI

1.4
2.0
0.3
1.3
1.5
2.1
1.5
5.5
1.7
1.6
0.0
-1.3
-0.1
-1.5
0.4

1.6
1.8
2.1
1.0
1.4
1.0
1.9
3.5
1.8
2.0
0.7
2.3
1.9
2.2
1.6

Minnesota
Duluth, MN-WI
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Rochester, MN
St. Cloud, MN

1.3
-0.2
1.3
0.5
0.9

2.2
0.8
2.3
2.2
2.4

Missouri
Columbia, MO
Jefferson City, MO
Joplin, MO
Kansas City, MO-KS
Springfield, MO
St. Joseph, MO-KS
St. Louis, MO-IL

0.8
2.7
0.5
1.6
1.5
1.1
0.1
0.5

1.7
1.1
1.4
2.4
1.9
2.0
1.7
1.6

Mississippi
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Hattiesburg, MS
Jackson, MS

0.5
0.6
1.8
0.4

1.8
1.2
1.3
1.4

IHS Global Insight

77

2012 2013
Pascagoula, MS

0.8

2.4

Montana
Billings, MT
Great Falls, MT
Missoula, MT

0.6
0.2
-0.9
-0.8

1.8
2.0
0.9
2.2

North Carolina
Asheville, NC
Burlington, NC
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Fayetteville, NC
Goldsboro, NC
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Greenville, NC
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Jacksonville, NC
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Rocky Mount, NC
Wilmington, NC
Winston-Salem, NC

2.0
2.0
1.6
2.9
2.0
1.3
1.9
2.7
1.9
1.4
1.5
2.8
1.6
-0.5
0.4

2.2
1.5
1.9
2.7
2.8
0.6
1.2
2.2
1.6
2.5
0.4
2.9
2.0
2.0
1.6

North Dakota
Bismarck, ND
Fargo, ND-MN
Grand Forks, ND-MN

10.6
7.3
6.5
2.5

4.4
3.1
3.6
2.6

Nebraska
Lincoln, NE
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA

2.0
1.1
2.4

1.3
1.4
1.1

New Hampshire
Manchester-Nashua, NH

1.0
0.1

2.0
2.3

New Jersey
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Ocean City, NJ
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ

1.0
3.0
7.0
0.7
2.4

1.7
1.7
-0.2
1.4
0.5

New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM
Farmington, NM
Las Cruces, NM
Santa Fe, NM

2.2
0.5
1.2
1.1
2.2

2.3
2.0
-0.2
2.7
2.0

Nevada
Carson City, NV

1.1
-2.3

1.7
0.9

IHS Global Insight

78

2012 2013
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Reno-Sparks, NV

0.8
0.1

2.0
1.4

New York
1.7
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
1.4
Binghamton, NY
0.8
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
0.5
Elmira, NY
-3.0
Glens Falls, NY
2.4
Ithaca, NY
-3.1
Kingston, NY
1.1
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA) 1.8
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
0.1
Rochester, NY
1.6
Syracuse, NY
0.3
Utica-Rome, NY
1.1

2.1
1.8
1.6
1.7
1.9
2.0
1.5
2.2
2.0
1.7
2.2
2.1
1.8

Ohio
Akron, OH
Canton-Massillon, OH
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Columbus, OH
Dayton, OH
Lima, OH
Mansfield, OH
Sandusky, OH
Springfield, OH
Toledo, OH
Steubenville-Weirton, OH
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA

1.7
0.8
2.3
2.3
1.0
2.1
1.2
1.3
0.6
6.0
1.5
0.8
0.6
0.8

1.6
1.2
1.2
2.0
1.3
2.1
1.3
1.5
0.9
2.1
1.1
1.5
1.2
1.2

Oklahoma
Lawton, OK
Oklahoma City, OK
Tulsa, OK

3.9
0.3
1.5
2.5

2.1
0.7
0.9
1.7

Oregon
Bend, OR
Corvallis, OR
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Medford, OR
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA
Salem, OR

2.0
1.6
1.1
-0.2
1.7
2.5
-0.7

2.1
1.0
1.3
1.0
1.7
2.3
0.9

Pennsylvania
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Altoona, PA
Erie, PA

1.0
1.5
-0.2
1.4

2.0
2.1
1.3
1.9

IHS Global Insight

79

2012 2013
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Johnstown, PA
Lancaster, PA
Lebanon, PA
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA)
Pittsburgh, PA
Reading, PA
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
State College, PA
Williamsport, PA
York-Hanover, PA

0.5
-1.3
1.7
-0.8
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.8
0.5
1.0
0.8

1.8
0.4
2.3
1.4
1.9
1.9
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.4
1.8

Rhode Island
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA

1.1
0.9

1.8
1.8

South Carolina
Anderson, SC
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Columbia, SC
Florence, SC
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Spartanburg, SC
Sumter, SC

1.5
-1.5
2.0
2.1
3.2
0.5
1.6
3.0
0.5

2.2
2.1
2.2
2.2
1.9
2.4
2.6
2.5
1.8

South Dakota
Rapid City, SD
Sioux Falls, SD

2.6
2.4
3.0

1.7
1.5
2.0

Tennessee
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Cleveland, TN
Jackson, TN
Johnson City, TN
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Knoxville, TN
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Morristown, TN
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN

1.9
1.9
2.5
0.1
1.5
1.0
1.2
2.6
1.4
-0.5
2.1

2.1
2.4
2.6
3.3
2.5
1.4
2.4
2.2
1.6
2.6
2.3

Texas
Abilene, TX
Amarillo, TX
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
College Station-Bryan, TX
Corpus Christi, TX

4.4
1.5
3.2
3.6
3.8
2.5
3.4
5.5

3.7
1.3
2.6
4.0
1.7
2.7
1.8
1.5

IHS Global Insight

80

2012 2013
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
El Paso, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Laredo, TX
Longview, TX
Lubbock, TX
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Midland, TX
Odessa, TX
San Angelo, TX
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Sherman-Denison, TX
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Tyler, TX
Victoria, TX
Waco, TX
Wichita Falls, TX

2.4
3.1
3.5
2.6
5.4
3.9
3.8
2.9
5.5
9.7
3.3
2.7
2.2
4.2
4.1
2.7
1.5
1.3

3.4
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.5
1.5
2.1
3.2
0.5
1.1
1.5
3.0
2.2
1.7
2.2
1.3
2.3
1.2

Utah
Logan, UT-ID
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Provo-Orem, UT
Salt Lake City, UT
St. George, UT

1.9
-0.2
1.4
1.7
2.5
0.2

2.7
3.1
2.3
3.3
2.7
3.5

Virginia
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Charlottesville, VA
Danville, VA
Harrisonburg, VA
Lynchburg, VA
Richmond, VA
Roanoke, VA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Winchester, VA

0.4
3.1
2.4
1.1
-0.5
-0.6
0.3
-0.5
-0.2
-0.4

1.5
0.1
1.5
0.5
1.2
1.0
1.1
0.8
0.7
0.6

Vermont
Burlington-South Burlington, VT

1.0
1.3

1.5
1.8

Washington
Bellingham, WA
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Longview, WA
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Olympia, WA
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Spokane, WA

2.1
2.8
-0.1
-1.3
0.4
-0.4
1.3
2.7
0.6

2.2
2.7
0.6
1.8
1.9
1.8
1.4
2.4
1.4

IHS Global Insight

81

2012 2013
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Yakima, WA

0.5
0.4

1.8
1.5

Wisconsin
Appleton, WI
Eau Claire, WI
Fond du Lac, WI
Green Bay, WI
Janesville, WI
La Crosse, WI-MN
Madison, WI
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Racine, WI
Sheboygan, WI
Wausau, WI

0.5
1.7
-0.9
1.3
1.8
0.0
1.4
0.0
0.5
1.8
0.3
0.6
0.9

1.8
2.2
1.6
1.9
2.5
1.4
2.1
2.1
1.4
2.6
2.1
1.8
2.2

West Virginia
Charleston, WV
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Morgantown, WV
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Wheeling, WV

3.6
3.6
3.1
6.7
2.2
2.9

1.7
1.7
1.8
2.3
1.6
1.3

Wyoming
Casper, WY
Cheyenne, WY

4.6
3.6
1.8

3.8
1.4
2.0

IHS Global Insight

82

Table 11: Chemical and Plastics Manufacturing Employment of U.S. Metro Areas
(2011 Employment, Growth 2010-2011)
%

Rank 2011
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

IHS Global Insight

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA
Philadelphia, PA
Newark-Union, NJ-PA
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ
Edison-New Brunswick, NJ
Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
St. Louis, MO-IL
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX
Indianapolis, IN
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Nassau-Suffolk, NY
Warren-Farmington Hills-Troy, MI
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA
Greenville-Maudlin-Easley, SC
Kansas City, MO-KS
Baton Rouge, LA
Akron, OH
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Pittsburgh, PA
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Columbus, OH
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Louisville, KY-IN
Cambridge-Newton-Framingham, MA
Evansville, IN-KY
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Salt Lake City, UT
Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ

43,346
42,834
32,045
27,050
23,190
23,046
22,682
22,548
22,425
18,402
18,060
17,969
16,506
15,479
15,428
14,902
14,231
13,054
12,387
10,585
10,366
10,354
10,351
10,274
10,227
10,179
10,162
10,139
9,918
9,499
9,397
9,210
9,065
8,446
8,141
8,005
7,988
7,800
7,736
7,070
7,050
7,025

-0.6
1.3
2.2
-3.5
-5.4
0.8
-2.5
-5.7
1.3
1.7
2.6
0.9
3.1
-5.8
0.6
0.8
-0.6
10.0
0.0
0.6
-2.3
2.7
1.3
3.5
0.8
2.6
0.7
3.5
1.7
-1.8
3.1
6.2
3.5
2.8
3.4
0.6
2.9
-0.2
-0.2
-0.5
-0.5
2.9

83

Rank 2011
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87

IHS Global Insight

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Raleigh-Cary, NC
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Madison, WI
Columbia, SC
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI
Essex County, MA
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Richmond, VA
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Worcester, MA
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Fort Wayne, IN
Toledo, OH
Lancaster, PA
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Spartanburg, SC
Camden, NJ
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Boston-Quincy, MA
Fayetteville, NC
Des Moines, IA
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Lake Charles, LA
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
New Haven-Milford, CT
Dayton, OH
Erie, PA
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Knoxville, TN
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI

6,931
6,826
6,624
6,342
6,278
6,268
5,841
5,723
5,668
5,595
5,500
5,416
5,062
5,046
5,017
4,940
4,904
4,896
4,844
4,787
4,518
4,487
4,479
4,358
4,355
4,351
4,271
4,243
4,066
3,939
3,914
3,846
3,798
3,793
3,783
3,776
3,666
3,661
3,596
3,494
3,470
3,367
3,355
3,354
3,312

2.6
-2.5
-3.5
-6.3
-1.0
6.2
2.5
2.8
0.3
0.3
-0.7
6.7
0.3
1.6
-8.4
0.9
2.0
-5.4
-1.1
-5.3
5.5
-0.6
-0.2
-4.2
-2.8
-1.0
-1.6
-2.5
-5.5
3.7
-1.0
-0.4
5.2
0.2
4.5
-1.6
-1.7
-2.4
0.6
2.3
-1.0
8.7
-0.1
-5.1
5.0

84

Rank 2011
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132

IHS Global Insight

Rocky Mount, NC
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Roanoke, VA
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Bch-Deerfield Bch, FL
Terre Haute, IN
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Victoria, TX
Springfield, MA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Sheboygan, WI
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Longview, TX
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Reading, PA
Anderson, SC
Gary, IN
Danville, VA
Asheville, NC
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Morgantown, WV
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Oklahoma City, OK
Provo-Orem, UT
Wilmington, NC
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Lincoln, NE
Montgomery, AL
Boulder, CO
Lima, OH
Racine, WI
Lawton, OK
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Iowa City, IA
Syracuse, NY
Tuscaloosa, AL
Lynchburg, VA
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Tulsa, OK
Spokane, WA
Appleton, WI
Wichita, KS

3,306
3,245
3,148
3,135
3,110
3,029
3,020
3,012
2,988
2,982
2,883
2,875
2,847
2,755
2,737
2,690
2,660
2,623
2,594
2,587
2,560
2,553
2,502
2,464
2,453
2,414
2,397
2,358
2,340
2,336
2,336
2,329
2,310
2,299
2,288
2,272
2,248
2,241
2,230
2,205
2,195
2,192
2,144
2,132
2,123

1.7
-1.5
4.7
0.7
3.6
4.5
-3.7
2.1
-5.6
2.2
-4.3
-1.2
2.2
2.9
1.9
0.9
-3.4
5.5
-3.6
4.1
6.3
1.8
3.1
7.0
4.3
3.9
-4.8
-4.3
8.1
-0.9
3.5
4.0
0.7
-2.4
1.3
7.7
-0.4
1.1
-0.4
2.1
4.8
1.6
13.3
9.7
-0.1

85

Rank 2011
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177

IHS Global Insight

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Canton-Massillon, OH
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Mobile, AL
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Rockingham County-Strafford County, NH
Stockton, CA
Bloomington, IN
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Dalton, GA
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Winchester, VA-WV
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
York-Hanover, PA
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Greeley, CO
Tacoma, WA
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Springfield, MO
Topeka, KS
Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR
Decatur, AL
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Cleveland, TN
Corpus Christi, TX
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Harrisonburg, VA
Peoria, IL
Jacksonville, FL
Charleston, WV
Monroe, LA
Yakima, WA
Huntsville, AL
Norwich-New London, CT
Gainesville, GA
Williamsport, PA
Ann Arbor, MI
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Cedar Rapids, IA

2,120
2,116
2,102
2,081
2,072
2,025
2,015
2,004
1,979
1,920
1,905
1,869
1,866
1,841
1,806
1,787
1,781
1,773
1,771
1,746
1,735
1,723
1,708
1,699
1,689
1,668
1,644
1,637
1,594
1,594
1,563
1,554
1,537
1,535
1,533
1,504
1,481
1,462
1,441
1,414
1,401
1,376
1,365
1,361
1,357

-2.3
0.5
-7.8
5.4
-4.6
-1.3
1.5
-1.2
-1.5
1.9
2.1
3.0
-6.5
9.5
-1.0
1.7
-0.4
-0.9
0.6
18.3
2.3
-8.2
2.5
5.7
-1.3
3.6
-11.6
-3.5
8.1
1.3
-2.7
0.6
1.2
-3.9
-0.7
1.8
4.8
-0.1
7.2
2.1
5.8
7.8
0.1
1.4
5.3

86

Rank 2011
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222

IHS Global Insight

Gadsden, AL
Bowling Green, KY
Eau Claire, WI
Janesville, WI
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Johnson City, TN
Decatur, IL
Greenville, NC
Burlington, NC
Jackson, MS
Logan, UT-ID
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Bch, FL
Wichita Falls, TX
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Auburn-Opelika, AL
El Paso, TX
Lafayette, IN
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Fresno, CA
Savannah, GA
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Lebanon, PA
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Joplin, MO
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Sandusky, OH
Green Bay, WI
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Elizabethtown, KY
Albuquerque, NM
Duluth, MN-WI
Waco, TX
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Danville, IL
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Albany, GA
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA
Morristown, TN
Napa, CA
Florence, SC
North Point-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL

1,355
1,332
1,315
1,310
1,306
1,304
1,283
1,282
1,264
1,264
1,258
1,247
1,230
1,196
1,172
1,158
1,151
1,112
1,087
1,070
1,065
1,052
1,047
1,045
1,041
1,041
1,021
1,019
1,002
984
983
973
970
951
949
936
930
925
922
920
911
906
904
902
875

10.1
4.1
1.9
10.5
-1.8
-0.9
-0.4
1.9
4.5
1.2
3.2
5.0
-8.2
-0.3
5.4
2.0
-3.2
-8.1
7.5
0.2
-5.8
21.2
-1.4
0.1
0.0
-0.1
2.0
4.4
3.0
-4.1
-2.3
7.6
5.1
7.0
-1.1
1.6
2.1
12.0
4.8
-8.5
-1.8
-7.6
-2.2
-3.2
7.4

87

Rank 2011
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267

IHS Global Insight

Wheeling, WV-OH
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Alexandria, LA
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Reno-Sparks, NV
Altoona, PA
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Pittsfield, MA
Lawrence, KS
Columbus, IN
Owensboro, KY
Mansfield, OH
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Modesto, CA
Sioux Falls, SD
Jackson, TN
Salem, OR
Jackson, MI
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Colorado Springs, CO
Dothan, AL
Monroe, MI
Ames, IA
Flint, MI
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Bay City, MI
St. Cloud, MN
Winston-Salem, NC
College Station-Bryan, TX
Fargo, ND-MN
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Columbus, GA-AL
Cumberland, MD-WV
Battle Creek, MI
Odessa, TX
Idaho Falls, ID
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Lafayette, LA
Abilene, TX
Johnstown, PA
Bellingham, WA
Lake Havasu-Kingman, AZ

873
871
868
842
834
826
788
785
780
757
739
731
728
720
715
703
700
685
670
648
640
631
631
619
613
603
593
589
584
582
574
561
546
544
539
534
526
518
515
514
504
494
491
488
481

4.7
4.8
17.3
-0.8
-1.4
1.8
-5.5
0.5
-7.9
3.3
2.8
2.7
3.6
-0.6
-1.5
6.2
-10.1
5.7
-5.8
-3.0
9.2
2.8
-0.3
25.3
-1.1
2.9
-12.7
-6.8
-6.0
8.4
-8.7
2.6
-1.3
-4.2
7.2
6.2
-0.6
8.4
6.8
-6.4
19.4
0.0
-2.2
5.9
0.6

88

Rank 2011
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312

IHS Global Insight

Pocatello, ID
Rome, GA
Valdosta, GA
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Ocala, FL
Amarillo, TX
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Hot Springs, AR
Las Cruces, NM
Midland, TX
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Salisbury, MD
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Goldsboro, NC
Binghamton, NY
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Olympia, WA
Olympia, WA
Springfield, OH
Jefferson City, MO
Yuma, AZ
Tucson, AZ
Pascagoula, MS
Pueblo, CO
Dubuque, IA
Utica-Rome, NY
Rochester, MN
Prescott, AZ
State College, PA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Coeur d`Alene, ID
Kokomo, IN
Glens Falls, NY
Honolulu, HI
Hattiesburg, MS
Longview, WA
Sumter, SC
Tallahassee, FL
Medford, OR
Tyler, TX
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Fond du Lac, WI
Bend, OR

481
473
468
465
458
449
448
448
435
435
434
434
434
433
424
422
420
418
418
417
416
400
399
395
364
359
359
358
355
354
348
347
335
333
326
324
324
324
310
309
306
289
289
284
283

7.6
-10.2
-10.0
9.4
-1.5
-2.4
9.3
-0.4
-0.7
2.8
23.3
15.7
-1.1
1.9
-0.2
-5.0
1.0
-1.6
-1.6
-1.2
-5.7
11.1
-4.5
-7.7
13.4
2.6
-3.5
-9.1
2.3
2.3
7.4
15.7
3.1
-0.9
-0.3
-0.3
4.2
-0.6
-11.9
5.8
-6.7
-8.3
17.5
8.0
1.4

89

Rank 2011
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357

IHS Global Insight

Cheyenne, WY
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Wausau, WI
Macon, GA
Casper, WY
Chico, CA
Sherman-Denison, TX
Columbia, MO
Muncie, IN
Salinas, CA
St. George, UT
Anchorage, AK
Kingston, NY
Steubenville-Weirton, WV-OH
Carson City, NV
Lubbock, TX
Warner Robins, GA
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Grand Junction, CO
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Barnstable Town, MA
Merced, CA
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, F
Brunswick, GA
Springfield, IL
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
La Crosse, WI-MN
Billings, MT
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Pine Bluff, AR
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Jonesboro, AR
Yuba City, CA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Corvallis, OR
Dover, DE
Port St. Lucie, FL
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Missoula, MT
Laredo, TX
Bangor, ME
Charlottesville, VA
Redding, CA
Flagstaff, AZ

283
282
273
270
261
255
254
242
240
229
222
218
214
214
209
207
204
200
186
174
172
167
164
157
156
155
155
153
145
141
138
135
135
134
125
121
118
116
109
104
102
100
93
88
87

2.9
12.8
6.2
-1.5
10.6
7.6
2.8
7.6
10.1
2.7
6.7
13.5
-2.3
3.4
1.0
0.5
-3.3
4.2
6.9
6.7
6.8
1.2
-8.9
-9.2
-9.3
4.7
-11.9
4.1
8.2
0.0
0.7
0.7
-11.2
9.8
-4.6
2.5
-3.3
-8.7
5.8
4.0
22.9
-10.7
-1.1
-2.2
8.8

90

Rank 2011
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379

IHS Global Insight

Jacksonville, NC
Bismarck, ND
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Santa Fe, NM
Anderson, IN
Gainesville, FL
Vero Beach, FL
Elmira, NY
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Fairbanks, AK
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
San Angelo, TX
Rapid City, SD
Ithaca, NY
Ocean City, NJ
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Palm Coast, FL
El Centro, CA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Farmington, NM
Punta Gorda, FL
Great Falls, MT

84
74
71
71
68
67
67
59
55
53
45
36
29
28
26
23
22
9
6
4
4
2

21.7
-2.6
-14.5
-13.4
-13.9
-1.5
-4.3
-4.8
3.8
3.9
9.8
-2.7
3.6
-6.7
4.0
-11.5
15.8
-10.0
0.0
-20.0
0.0
100.0

91

TableT1:CongestionCostsPerAutoCommuter(2010$)
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

IHS Global Insight

1990
Chicago IL-IN
Washington DC-VA-MD
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana CA
Houston TX
New York-Newark NY-NJ-CT
Baltimore MD
San Francisco-Oakland CA
Denver-Aurora CO
Boston MA-NH-RI
Seattle WA
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington TX
Atlanta GA
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN
Philadelphia PA-NJ-DE-MD
Baton Rouge LA
Phoenix AZ
San Diego CA
Orlando FL
Miami FL
New Orleans LA
Bridgeport-Stamford CT-NY
Portland OR-WA
Austin TX
Nashville-Davidson TN
San Jose CA
Detroit MI
Riverside-San Bernardino CA
Tampa-St. Petersburg FL
Virginia Beach VA
St. Louis MO-IL
Pittsburgh PA
Honolulu HI
Colorado Springs CO
San Antonio TX
New Haven CT
Birmingham AL
Milwaukee WI
Charlotte NC-SC
Raleigh-Durham NC
Columbia SC
Las Vegas NV
Charleston-North Charleston SC
Albuquerque NM
Salt Lake City UT
Sacramento CA
Tucson AZ
Indianapolis IN
Hartford CT
Jacksonville FL
Little Rock AR

670
831
1,266
497
364
572
853
274
465
703
316
376
323
321
327
474
403
479
348
379
345
305
273
406
695
458
246
312
360
269
505
390
142
116
212
178
322
179
274
155
240
312
273
197
407
213
263
141
310
109

2000
1,271
1,507
1,615
933
753
905
1,225
1,024
938
1,102
864
1,164
1,030
661
778
813
739
969
769
553
927
792
760
759
1,074
769
527
566
742
975
702
499
895
598
686
638
632
444
561
356
508
531
614
530
567
415
672
515
522
346

2010
1,568
1,495
1,334
1,171
1,126
1,102
1,019
993
980
942
924
924
916
864
832
821
794
791
785
746
745
744
743
722
721
687
684
670
654
642
641
620
602
591
559
556
541
539
537
533
532
529
525
512
507
506
506
501
496
490

92

Rank
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

IHS Global Insight

Louisville KY-IN
Memphis TN-MS-AR
Oklahoma City OK
Cape Coral FL
Kansas City MO-KS
Salem OR
Beaumont TX
Allentown-Bethlehem PA-NJ
El Paso TX-NM
Cincinnati OH-KY-IN
Knoxville TN
Jackson MS
Omaha NE-IA
Oxnard-Ventura CA
Cleveland OH
Wichita KS
Richmond VA
Grand Rapids MI
Tulsa OK
Providence RI-MA
Albany-Schenectady NY
Greensboro NC
Buffalo NY
Springfield MA-CT
Worcester MA
Pensacola FL-AL
Boise ID
Columbus OH
Spokane WA
Brownsville TX
Sarasota-Bradenton FL
Winston-Salem NC
Lancaster-Palmdale CA
Akron OH
Boulder CO
Indio-Cathedral City-Palm Springs CA
Dayton OH
Provo UT
Anchorage AK
Laredo TX
Fresno CA
Madison WI
Rochester NY
Toledo OH-MI
Bakersfield CA
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh NY
Corpus Christi TX
Stockton CA
Eugene OR
McAllen TX

1990

2000

2010

152
181
127
193
243
198
89
171
103
221
266
70
113
103
126
168
116
140
149
102
116
85
122
168
155
111
122
136
176
52
171
85
222
134
208
353
198
86
249
47
169
91
107
54
35
99
93
86
110
11

512
482
451
482
686
573
354
479
406
593
539
260
283
329
407
372
255
360
328
382
279
560
323
327
418
306
394
326
447
162
359
277
218
420
551
295
369
184
368
158
388
136
218
361
90
163
172
154
300
111

477
477
476
464
464
451
445
432
427
427
423
418
389
383
383
379
375
372
368
365
359
358
358
355
354
350
345
344
329
321
318
314
312
288
288
279
277
274
272
264
260
246
241
237
232
205
194
184
171
125

93

TableT2:FreightTonnageForTop100MSAs
Rank

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

FreightTons

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA


Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI
Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
St. Louis, MO-IL
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Charleston, WV
Pittsburgh, PA
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Indianapolis, IN
Denver-Aurora, CO
Des Moines, IA
Evansville, IN-KY
Baton Rouge, LA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Columbus, OH
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ
Toledo, OH
Kansas City, MO-KS
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN
Orlando, FL
San Antonio, TX
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
Jacksonville, FL
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Fresno, CA
Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR
Salt Lake City, UT
Syracuse, NY
Louisville, KY-IN
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
Greensboro-High Point, NC

IHS Global Insight

870,915,758
743,913,489
688,961,922
595,520,133
494,294,591
396,820,671
386,426,346
336,079,342
326,775,711
324,447,756
300,502,404
281,243,060
278,665,782
269,791,071
256,877,009
256,061,714
236,167,938
222,062,872
212,039,435
194,403,056
189,604,399
184,617,321
168,510,608
167,552,373
164,530,728
161,741,758
154,248,768
150,002,007
143,656,549
140,675,595
140,478,152
140,347,097
133,910,269
131,478,200
128,525,461
128,161,264
126,791,239
117,684,352
116,049,906
113,101,431
110,210,737
110,018,788
108,580,486
104,732,322
103,646,472
101,734,789
100,771,203
99,995,472
97,573,088

FreightTonsPer
GMP(Tons/Mil.$)
693
1,024
1,305
1,529
1,536
1,048
1,124
4,427
774
2,509
1,502
1,219
889
1,423
17,439
2,255
2,287
815
1,611
8,546
1,860
1,193
4,323
9,943
3,933
638
1,569
1,644
765
5,409
1,333
1,725
1,307
1,582
1,971
1,531
7,599
1,039
1,955
1,010
1,202
2,072
3,725
3,186
1,498
3,784
1,764
3,126
2,818
94

Rank

50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

FreightTons

Raleigh-Cary, NC
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Wichita, KS
Oklahoma City, OK
Corpus Christi, TX
Richmond, VA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Green Bay, WI
Mobile, AL
Jackson, MS
Rochester, NY
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Madison, WI
Tulsa, OK
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Austin-Round Rock, TX
Sioux Falls, SD
Huntsville, AL
Fort Wayne, IN
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Spokane, WA
Honolulu, HI
Dayton, OH
Wilmington, NC
Greenville, SC
Lafayette, LA
Columbia, SC
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Peoria, IL
Charleston-North Charleston, SC
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Anchorage, AK
Knoxville, TN
Cedar Rapids, IA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Albuquerque, NM
Springfield, MO
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Boise City-Nampa, ID
El Paso, TX
Lincoln, NE
Reno-Sparks, NV
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX
Tucson, AZ
Montgomery, AL
Fayetteville, NC
Asheville, NC
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL

IHS Global Insight

95,506,669
95,369,515
92,636,544
92,285,777
91,138,817
90,270,060
87,484,751
86,989,931
85,305,491
85,259,596
82,763,274
80,879,269
77,621,169
77,099,163
76,076,840
71,251,577
70,753,386
66,694,308
62,066,445
61,861,391
58,289,949
58,152,154
56,004,268
55,910,620
54,098,049
53,938,551
53,571,152
49,727,776
46,197,039
45,698,927
45,536,964
43,772,409
43,602,381
41,173,765
39,587,379
38,299,102
37,705,980
37,621,555
36,351,745
36,326,470
35,113,191
32,686,490
32,015,625
30,440,274
30,172,068
29,777,202
26,238,135
20,891,765
19,659,534
19,417,908
19,336,775

FreightTonsPer
GMP(Tons/Mil.$)
1,669
2,170
3,553
1,581
5,432
1,418
3,106
1,826
5,644
5,459
3,465
1,816
1,942
2,187
1,697
420
812
4,289
3,011
3,463
3,356
3,221
1,110
1,714
3,874
2,119
2,792
1,595
512
2,518
1,669
1,852
1,660
1,371
2,785
2,010
1,023
2,635
1,705
1,408
1,283
2,255
1,580
1,197
2,148
935
1,781
1,184
1,415
1,068
966

95

Rank

FreightTons

FreightTonsPer
GMP(Tons/Mil.$)

Notes:
Freight data includes Inbound, Outbound, and Intra-Market tons. Through-tons are not included.
MSAs in the table are the 100 large metros where detailed freight data are available

IHS Global Insight

96

TableT3:ExportsasaPercentageofGrossMetropolitanProduct,%
Rank

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

71.2
45.8
55.4
51.3
31.9
24.2
44.3
10.6
41.4
28.7
36.1
9.5
21.6
21.2
13.7
14.5
21.9
20.1
10.6
4.1
17.5
13.9
3.1
13.3
13.1
7.1
19.7
8.8
12.3
10.2
17.0
10.8
7.7
8.5
8.2
9.2
4.4
20.0
11.7
7.5
16.4
6.0
8.1
8.6
11.3
11.5
8.2
6.4
11.1
8.7

83.6
49.6
60.5
54.6
32.7
19.3
42.4
23.6
33.8
30.7
35.8
10.0
24.7
22.0
13.8
15.7
22.6
21.8
10.7
15.8
20.7
16.0
6.1
14.0
15.6
10.1
17.8
24.4
13.7
11.4
15.6
11.6
8.2
7.5
10.2
13.3
5.9
20.3
15.8
8.8
22.9
6.9
8.5
9.2
12.6
13.2
12.0
7.3
11.8
9.8

84.0
53.2
66.5
54.3
41.1
19.9
39.0
36.7
29.5
31.6
32.3
12.5
26.8
25.5
17.2
19.4
24.7
24.1
11.6
20.3
20.6
16.8
9.9
14.0
16.8
12.4
18.3
25.4
15.8
8.2
16.3
12.9
9.3
9.0
11.0
15.5
8.3
19.0
17.1
8.9
24.4
19.0
9.3
9.9
15.1
13.5
10.9
9.8
11.6
13.9

85.5
58.9
81.1
54.8
55.7
30.6
36.7
38.4
29.5
34.2
34.7
18.7
22.2
31.6
21.8
27.8
33.1
23.0
17.0
29.9
24.9
20.1
18.2
15.4
17.9
18.0
18.6
25.6
18.0
12.4
11.4
14.2
14.2
9.0
11.4
17.8
11.1
18.0
19.1
11.9
20.6
16.6
9.3
12.8
15.2
15.7
16.5
11.2
11.9
12.8

78.9
48.5
45.6
44.0
46.5
40.3
30.4
32.2
26.5
28.3
23.1
19.2
18.5
21.5
23.9
21.5
24.1
15.7
15.2
26.9
19.3
18.3
11.7
15.5
14.7
15.4
12.7
14.3
16.3
14.5
11.5
13.3
10.9
12.8
9.5
12.9
11.1
14.5
21.5
11.9
16.4
11.5
10.5
12.4
11.5
12.8
11.6
11.1
11.3
11.1

87.9
62.7
61.2
52.2
50.6
41.0
37.7
34.4
33.8
32.2
31.2
30.9
28.7
27.6
27.1
26.7
23.2
23.2
23.0
21.9
21.1
20.7
20.0
19.8
19.1
18.4
18.2
18.1
17.9
17.6
17.0
17.0
16.9
16.6
16.6
16.4
16.0
15.8
15.7
15.5
15.3
15.2
14.7
14.1
14.1
14.1
13.9
13.7
13.3
13.2

Laredo, TX
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Peoria, IL
El Centro, CA
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Longview, WA
El Paso, TX
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Kokomo, IN
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Victoria, TX
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Savannah, GA
Racine, WI
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Janesville, WI
Wichita, KS
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Lake Charles, LA
Brunswick, GA
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Columbus, IN
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Decatur, AL
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Corpus Christi, TX
Evansville, IN-KY
Rocky Mount, NC
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Salisbury, MD
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Salt Lake City, UT
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Lima, OH
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA
Bellingham, WA
Yakima, WA
Battle Creek, MI
Spartanburg, SC

IHS Global Insight

97

Rank

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103

8.8
9.8
9.5
14.2
11.4
3.6
9.7
4.8
9.0
8.5
11.1
11.7
9.0
10.6
11.1
10.6
6.1
7.6
12.0
8.9
9.3
6.8
9.7
7.4
2.1
7.0
3.0
0.4
8.9
10.5
13.1
6.2
11.6
9.2
7.2
6.6
1.6
8.7
9.0
8.2
8.8
8.1
8.1
3.2
4.7
10.4
6.0
4.6
5.9
5.8
4.5
6.2
3.4

6.1
11.9
11.1
15.1
11.6
6.4
12.1
10.8
7.4
11.2
8.5
13.4
9.7
11.9
13.5
10.8
7.7
8.5
10.1
9.0
10.5
8.4
9.2
9.0
4.2
8.0
10.7
4.9
10.0
11.8
10.3
6.0
11.3
8.3
8.3
6.6
3.2
8.5
9.6
7.9
8.9
9.8
8.7
4.7
7.0
9.7
7.7
5.8
6.8
7.1
5.2
8.1
6.6

8.5
12.4
10.8
14.8
10.7
7.2
13.8
12.1
9.0
11.1
9.2
14.6
11.5
11.8
12.5
11.9
8.0
10.4
10.0
9.9
12.0
14.5
9.9
10.0
5.3
9.0
10.6
7.1
11.4
12.2
12.0
8.6
11.0
9.0
8.5
7.6
5.3
8.6
9.0
8.2
12.5
9.9
9.0
5.1
7.1
12.2
8.7
7.0
7.8
7.6
5.9
8.5
7.6

15.0
12.0
14.1
13.9
12.1
9.6
15.0
14.3
12.3
13.6
12.5
14.9
13.0
11.0
19.8
12.7
8.1
9.8
10.8
12.0
13.4
12.8
10.2
10.2
7.9
10.2
11.8
7.6
12.5
11.4
11.0
8.8
9.1
10.4
9.4
7.6
5.4
9.3
10.2
8.8
10.7
12.1
9.2
6.5
8.4
9.7
10.6
7.9
8.5
8.2
8.4
9.0
8.4

12.2
10.4
11.4
11.3
9.1
8.3
12.0
9.9
9.6
10.3
11.1
11.3
10.6
9.5
15.8
11.3
10.3
8.7
10.5
9.9
11.3
12.6
9.7
9.7
9.6
7.7
9.9
7.1
10.6
10.4
8.9
7.9
7.6
10.6
8.0
7.7
5.5
8.0
9.6
8.3
8.7
9.9
8.0
5.3
6.7
6.9
8.7
6.8
7.5
7.8
8.4
7.2
7.1

13.1
12.8
12.7
12.5
12.4
12.2
12.1
12.1
12.1
12.0
11.8
11.7
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.5
11.4
11.2
11.2
11.1
11.1
11.0
10.9
10.8
10.7
10.7
10.6
10.6
10.6
10.6
10.4
10.3
10.2
10.1
9.9
9.9
9.8
9.7
9.6
9.3
9.2
9.2
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.0
9.0
8.9
8.9
8.7
8.7
8.7

Provo-Orem, UT
Anderson, SC
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Fond du Lac, WI
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Manchester-Nashua, NH
York-Hanover, PA
Canton-Massillon, OH
Charleston, WV
Greeley, CO
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Akron, OH
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Erie, PA
Rochester, NY
Bloomington, IN
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Sheboygan, WI
La Crosse, WI-MN
Sherman-Denison, TX
Las Cruces, NM
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Pittsburgh, PA
Appleton, WI
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Rockford, IL
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Rochester, MN
Montgomery, AL
Austin-Round Rock, TX
Wenatchee, WA
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Auburn-Opelika, AL
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Danville, IL
Mobile, AL
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Reading, PA
Florence, SC
Baton Rouge, LA
Merced, CA
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
St. Louis, MO-IL
Gainesville, GA

IHS Global Insight

98

Rank

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156

5.6
9.0
6.6
6.9
5.3
11.2
3.0
7.9
5.0
4.5
8.7
7.8
11.3
5.6
3.7
6.7
9.6
6.2
7.0
3.6
9.3
4.5
9.1
6.9
5.2
8.0
4.9
2.8
6.5
6.3
5.0
3.4
6.6
11.4
1.3
9.2
7.4
8.4
7.6
7.2
5.4
6.9
5.9
5.9
4.0
5.2
6.2
6.2
4.3
16.0
5.1
4.3
10.7

7.5
10.4
6.9
7.3
8.3
9.3
8.1
8.9
5.0
5.9
8.8
8.6
10.1
5.8
5.1
10.8
8.9
6.7
8.5
4.4
12.8
9.7
8.7
7.7
7.3
7.4
6.8
5.8
6.4
6.9
5.3
5.6
7.8
7.3
1.5
7.6
7.4
10.0
7.8
4.2
5.9
7.3
5.7
7.2
4.7
5.7
6.6
6.8
4.5
7.8
6.0
5.2
10.7

8.4
12.1
7.5
6.9
6.5
9.0
8.9
8.9
8.6
6.0
8.0
10.1
9.0
5.7
5.9
8.1
9.0
7.0
8.6
4.7
13.0
9.5
8.9
8.1
7.4
5.7
5.3
5.4
6.7
6.7
5.5
5.7
8.2
7.2
1.7
7.6
6.7
9.5
8.5
3.5
6.6
7.2
6.4
8.3
3.3
6.7
6.8
6.6
6.8
7.9
6.3
5.8
8.4

9.3
12.6
8.1
8.9
6.8
12.2
9.8
9.0
8.4
7.2
9.6
11.5
10.2
12.0
6.5
7.3
7.5
7.5
9.5
6.4
13.8
10.6
9.4
10.3
7.9
7.2
6.3
6.2
8.6
7.5
6.0
7.4
8.4
7.8
3.9
8.9
6.8
10.9
8.9
4.6
7.5
7.7
6.7
8.5
4.2
7.8
7.8
5.6
8.8
7.9
6.1
6.5
8.6

9.1
8.4
7.3
6.8
6.3
8.2
6.7
6.9
7.8
6.7
7.6
7.9
7.3
6.6
5.0
6.2
4.9
5.5
7.9
5.7
11.9
5.6
6.8
5.6
6.6
6.4
6.2
5.7
6.8
7.3
6.5
6.6
6.6
7.4
5.0
6.3
5.7
10.6
7.3
5.1
5.7
6.4
5.8
7.9
5.7
5.8
5.8
4.3
3.5
5.6
5.1
5.8
6.3

8.7
8.6
8.6
8.5
8.4
8.4
8.4
8.4
8.3
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.1
8.0
8.0
7.9
7.9
7.8
7.7
7.7
7.7
7.7
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.5
7.5
7.4
7.4
7.4
7.4
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.1
7.1
7.1
7.0
7.0
7.0
7.0
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.8
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Monroe, MI
Greenville, NC
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Wilmington, NC
Modesto, CA
Dalton, GA
Morristown, TN
Worcester, MA
Logan, UT-ID
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Springfield, OH
Pittsfield, MA
Charleston-North Charleston, SC
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
San Antonio, TX
Dayton, OH
Lubbock, TX
Mansfield, OH
Toledo, OH
Knoxville, TN
Eau Claire, WI
Reno-Sparks, NV
Lebanon, PA
Yuba City, CA
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Bakersfield, CA
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Richmond, VA
Durham, NC
Coeur d'Alene, ID
Lafayette, IN
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA
Bay City, MI
Kansas City, MO-KS
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Fresno, CA
Winston-Salem, NC
Madera, CA
New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Utica-Rome, NY
Binghamton, NY
Duluth, MN-WI
Corvallis, OR
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Tucson, AZ

IHS Global Insight

99

Rank

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209

7.9
7.0
5.6
2.1
3.7
3.0
7.1
1.9
2.3
6.0
5.5
5.0
5.6
5.0
2.0
7.5
4.5
13.2
6.6
8.2
4.3
5.9
4.5
3.9
6.4
8.9
3.6
4.8
8.9
4.9
1.3
4.5
4.1
3.9
2.5
4.6
3.9
4.7
4.5
5.0
9.0
4.9
3.5
3.6
4.8
6.4
3.7
5.0
8.8
1.9
22.7
3.0
4.8

8.1
6.9
5.9
3.5
4.1
3.4
7.7
1.9
3.8
6.8
5.4
5.5
8.7
5.3
3.5
7.2
5.9
8.2
6.7
4.3
4.3
6.8
5.8
4.4
6.5
5.8
3.7
5.0
3.1
5.0
4.5
4.4
4.9
4.2
6.8
4.5
4.3
3.4
4.1
5.6
6.0
6.5
4.6
4.5
5.0
4.1
4.5
5.9
7.1
2.5
5.5
3.3
6.4

7.8
7.2
5.9
3.9
5.0
4.5
7.8
2.4
5.7
5.1
5.6
6.0
9.1
5.4
4.3
6.8
5.0
9.8
6.2
5.8
5.0
6.8
5.2
5.3
7.4
5.9
4.3
5.3
3.3
4.0
5.2
4.6
4.4
4.8
5.9
4.5
4.6
3.4
3.7
6.2
4.8
5.4
5.1
4.6
4.8
3.5
4.9
6.5
12.9
3.9
5.5
4.0
6.4

7.9
7.8
6.8
4.2
5.1
5.2
9.2
3.5
5.7
5.7
6.0
7.5
9.4
5.9
4.7
6.8
10.4
9.3
6.0
6.7
6.4
6.3
5.0
7.7
6.4
5.7
5.5
6.2
4.0
5.6
6.6
5.3
5.6
4.8
5.9
5.2
4.4
4.5
4.9
7.2
5.7
5.1
5.4
5.0
5.5
4.1
5.4
6.4
7.6
6.3
5.9
4.4
6.6

5.0
5.9
5.5
2.7
4.5
5.1
5.1
4.0
3.7
5.4
5.6
4.3
4.6
5.0
4.4
5.6
8.5
7.1
5.6
5.5
5.8
5.3
4.3
4.3
4.7
4.6
4.9
4.7
4.7
4.8
5.5
5.1
5.6
4.6
4.8
4.5
4.5
4.1
3.9
5.5
5.1
4.0
4.3
4.9
4.5
3.6
4.9
4.3
5.5
4.1
4.8
4.2
4.6

6.5
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.3
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.9

Syracuse, NY
Williamsport, PA
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Ithaca, NY
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Hattiesburg, MS
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Tulsa, OK
Jackson, MI
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Asheville, NC
Glens Falls, NY
Terre Haute, IN
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Sandusky, OH
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Fort Wayne, IN
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Ann Arbor, MI
Boulder, CO
Ames, IA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Jackson, TN
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Pine Bluff, AR
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Idaho Falls, ID
Madison, WI
Burlington, NC
Roanoke, VA
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Longview, TX
Altoona, PA
Cedar Rapids, IA
Carson City, NV
Yuma, AZ
Lancaster, PA
Topeka, KS
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Danville, VA
Lincoln, NE
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ
Bowling Green, KY
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Elmira, NY
Salinas, CA
Grand Forks, ND-MN

IHS Global Insight

100

Rank
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262

Columbia, SC
Fargo, ND-MN
Cleveland, TN
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC
Huntsville, AL
Stockton, CA
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Muncie, IN
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Harrisonburg, VA
Lakeland, FL
New Haven-Milford, CT
Wausau, WI
Winchester, VA-WV
Pocatello, ID
Colorado Springs, CO
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Iowa City, IA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Green Bay, WI
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Macon, GA
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Springfield, MA
Lynchburg, VA
Olympia, WA
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Spokane, WA
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
San Angelo, TX
Columbus, OH
Chico, CA
St. Cloud, MN
Dothan, AL
Columbia, MO
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Albany, GA
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Waco, TX
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Flagstaff, AZ
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Salem, OR
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Napa, CA
Flint, MI
Great Falls, MT
Jacksonville, FL
Denver-Aurora, CO

IHS Global Insight

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

5.4
3.6
5.3
4.1
6.7
3.5
2.9
4.1
4.1
6.5
2.5
5.2
4.1
5.2
6.2
9.0
3.9
4.3
3.3
2.9
2.4
5.9
3.8
3.8
4.3
1.5
3.0
3.8
2.7
0.3
4.7
2.3
1.5
2.9
2.3
4.7
3.4
1.7
4.1
2.0
4.2
1.8
3.1
7.4
2.0
2.4
2.3
1.8
9.9
1.1
2.3
2.2

4.0
3.7
5.9
3.9
7.1
3.7
3.6
3.6
4.3
7.1
2.4
4.2
3.9
5.0
6.7
9.7
4.1
3.2
3.6
3.1
3.0
2.2
3.3
4.2
4.9
1.6
3.6
4.2
3.6
0.3
3.8
2.4
2.8
2.6
3.1
5.0
5.9
2.2
3.8
2.7
0.8
4.5
1.6
2.3
7.4
2.3
2.5
3.8
2.7
9.4
1.4
2.5
2.7

3.5
5.1
5.3
3.9
5.8
3.8
3.9
4.4
4.1
8.3
3.4
4.7
5.2
5.4
5.8
7.6
4.1
3.0
3.5
3.9
3.9
2.3
4.2
4.5
4.6
1.8
3.7
5.0
4.1
3.4
3.9
2.5
4.3
1.8
3.3
5.6
3.4
2.1
3.9
2.5
1.0
3.9
1.7
2.7
7.8
2.4
2.9
4.1
2.8
9.0
1.7
2.8
2.9

4.8
6.4
4.2
4.5
5.6
4.1
5.1
3.8
4.3
11.5
4.1
5.4
4.4
4.3
6.1
7.9
4.2
3.3
3.8
4.3
5.7
3.2
5.1
4.6
4.7
2.0
3.8
5.1
4.5
3.8
4.4
2.8
3.9
2.7
3.7
5.7
1.8
2.3
4.1
3.3
1.1
4.9
2.2
2.9
6.5
2.6
3.3
3.9
3.1
7.3
3.1
3.3
3.0

4.4
4.4
4.1
3.7
5.8
4.1
3.3
2.8
3.7
11.7
4.0
4.3
3.7
3.5
4.2
5.2
3.1
3.7
3.8
3.4
3.8
3.4
4.1
3.7
4.3
1.7
3.3
3.7
3.3
4.8
3.3
2.9
2.7
4.0
3.3
4.7
1.9
2.3
3.5
2.9
4.0
3.2
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.5
2.9
3.3
2.3
3.3
2.4
2.8
2.9

4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.4
4.3
4.3
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.2

101

Rank
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315

Odessa, TX
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
State College, PA
Jefferson City, MO
Joplin, MO
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Valdosta, GA
Rome, GA
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Pueblo, CO
Elizabethtown, KY
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Columbus, GA-AL
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Sumter, SC
Palm Coast, FL
Dubuque, IA
Gainesville, FL
Goldsboro, NC
Charlottesville, VA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Johnstown, PA
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Wichita Falls, TX
Lafayette, LA
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC
Port St. Lucie, FL
St. George, UT
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Springfield, MO
Clarksville, TN-KY
Jackson, MS
Ocala, FL
Kingston, NY
Lawrence, KS
Tyler, TX
Sioux Falls, SD
Owensboro, KY
Oklahoma City, OK
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Norwich-New London, CT
Monroe, LA
Anderson, IN
Johnson City, TN
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Jonesboro, AR
Medford, OR
Hot Springs, AR
Wheeling, WV-OH

IHS Global Insight

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

1.5
1.6
2.8
2.8
3.1
2.3
4.1
2.4
2.3
7.0
1.6
5.1
6.1
1.7
3.9
2.9
3.2
2.8
2.2
2.5
2.3
1.2
1.7
1.7
1.4
3.8
3.2
2.1
2.3
1.8
0.9
4.4
2.3
3.8
4.5
2.0
1.4
1.8
2.5
0.9
4.5
2.1
1.6
1.8
2.1
2.6
1.5
1.9
2.7
1.9
0.9
0.3

3.8
1.5
3.7
3.1
3.9
2.7
2.7
2.4
2.5
4.2
1.8
4.8
5.6
2.0
4.7
2.7
3.1
1.8
3.2
2.1
3.6
2.8
1.3
2.1
2.1
1.6
4.0
3.7
2.4
2.6
2.0
0.6
4.3
2.1
3.7
4.4
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.7
0.8
4.3
1.7
2.3
1.9
1.9
3.2
2.3
2.0
1.3
2.7
2.3
4.6

3.3
1.3
4.9
3.2
3.4
2.8
3.0
2.5
2.3
4.4
2.5
5.0
5.4
2.3
5.8
3.1
3.4
3.4
3.4
2.3
4.2
3.1
1.7
2.4
1.5
1.8
4.0
3.7
2.5
2.2
2.1
0.7
4.2
2.3
3.4
2.6
2.0
1.9
2.5
2.3
1.3
3.0
1.5
4.1
3.6
1.5
1.4
2.4
2.0
1.5
2.3
1.9
1.3

2.6
2.6
4.9
3.9
3.4
4.1
2.7
2.9
1.8
4.7
3.1
3.3
4.0
3.3
5.1
4.1
3.0
3.7
3.8
2.9
3.9
3.1
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.3
3.1
4.5
2.6
2.3
2.4
1.0
4.4
2.6
3.2
2.9
2.4
2.0
2.5
1.7
1.6
3.1
2.1
4.0
3.8
1.4
1.8
2.1
2.9
2.2
1.5
1.5
1.2

3.5
2.8
2.8
3.1
3.0
3.6
3.5
2.6
2.4
2.5
2.8
2.9
2.4
2.9
3.4
2.5
2.2
3.1
3.2
2.3
3.5
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.1
3.0
4.1
2.5
1.7
2.2
0.8
5.2
2.1
1.6
1.9
2.0
1.8
2.0
1.6
1.3
2.5
1.8
1.6
2.0
1.3
1.3
1.4
2.1
2.0
1.7
1.7
1.2

3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.9

102

Rank
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356

Bangor, ME
Grand Junction, CO
Amarillo, TX
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Lewiston, ID-WA
Springfield, IL
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Fayetteville, NC
Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL
Albuquerque, NM
Barnstable Town, MA
Bend, OR
Alexandria, LA
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
Redding, CA
Billings, MT
Casper, WY
Warner Robins, GA
Prescott, AZ
Cumberland, MD-WV
Dover, DE
Ocean City, NJ
College Station-Bryan, TX
Bismarck, ND
Gadsden, AL
Tallahassee, FL
Honolulu, HI
Abilene, TX
Midland, TX
Punta Gorda, FL
Morgantown, WV
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Missoula, MT
Rapid City, SD
Cheyenne, WY
Atlantic City, NJ
Farmington, NM
Jacksonville, NC

IHS Global Insight

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2.5
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.3
0.8
0.9
1.6
3.9
2.0
6.0
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.7
0.8
1.1
1.1
0.7
1.5
0.3
1.6
1.5
1.1
1.3
1.3
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6
1.0
0.8
1.5
0.7
0.6
0.5
2.4
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.8

4.1
1.7
2.0
2.7
1.1
0.6
0.8
4.1
2.2
1.8
6.5
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.5
1.1
0.9
1.2
0.9
0.9
0.6
1.5
1.2
1.0
0.6
1.0
0.4
0.5
0.6
1.0
0.9
0.8
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.5
3.4
0.3
0.4
0.1
0.8

3.0
1.4
2.5
2.9
1.2
0.8
0.9
3.6
2.2
2.9
2.8
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.8
1.2
1.1
0.8
0.9
0.6
0.8
1.4
1.3
0.8
0.8
1.1
0.6
0.7
0.8
1.0
0.8
0.9
1.1
1.1
0.7
0.7
2.8
0.4
0.5
0.1
0.5

2.2
1.5
2.9
2.2
1.8
1.0
1.3
4.6
1.9
6.0
1.4
1.7
1.3
1.5
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.2
0.9
3.2
0.9
0.7
1.5
1.0
0.9
1.1
0.7
0.9
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
1.0
2.9
0.7
1.1
2.1
0.6
0.5
0.2
0.5

2.1
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.4
0.9
1.2
2.5
1.3
2.2
1.0
1.4
1.1
1.6
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.3
1.6
0.9
0.8
1.0
1.1
0.7
0.8
0.6
0.8
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.3
1.1
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.4

1.8
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

103

TableT4:MetropolitanAreaEmploymentOvertheDecades

1990
New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Baltimore-Towson, MD
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Columbus, OH
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Kansas City, MO-KS
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Salt Lake City, UT
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
St. Louis, MO-IL
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Pittsburgh, PA
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Jacksonville, FL
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Oklahoma City, OK
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
Richmond, VA
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Knoxville, TN
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Honolulu, HI
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Columbia, SC
Tulsa, OK
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Provo-Orem, UT
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI

IHS Global Insight

7,897.8
1,999.1
1,764.7
4,010.4
5,309.4
2,250.3
1,609.2
1,013.1
1,686.1
2,499.1
1,301.8
712.9
855.8
1,390.6
2,214.0
1,826.5
389.0
862.7
1,910.8
579.7
550.2
730.7
824.3
1,152.8
966.7
730.9
543.4
827.1
671.7
526.8
292.4
377.2
373.6
1,187.6
865.1
1,039.9
618.4
415.7
494.0
426.7
512.2
493.5
607.4
242.8
756.7
1,028.6
101.4
208.4
410.7
355.3
284.6
323.0
106.8
243.9
139.8
298.2
98.2
125.9
210.6
304.8

Employment(thous.)
2000
2010
8,396.8
2,761.4
2,250.9
4,571.5
5,461.6
2,678.9
2,292.6
1,578.9
2,154.2
2,745.1
1,647.1
988.6
1,211.3
1,748.0
2,492.0
2,126.5
672.6
1,148.4
2,203.4
909.4
766.7
973.6
1,044.4
1,251.1
1,193.9
915.3
745.2
980.6
853.6
698.1
436.8
565.6
697.7
1,338.5
1,017.5
1,147.2
797.2
565.3
624.6
535.8
620.5
587.4
720.3
302.9
868.0
1,136.1
156.9
261.1
411.9
441.7
341.9
407.8
162.1
308.6
229.0
367.2
155.4
168.2
252.0
403.9

8,305.9
2,860.6
2,527.8
4,247.3
5,125.7
2,963.0
2,274.2
1,688.9
2,185.2
2,696.7
1,641.3
1,125.5
1,193.4
1,696.9
2,396.6
1,880.0
769.4
1,112.0
1,735.6
1,000.9
807.4
968.6
854.9
1,274.3
1,222.6
903.5
843.3
971.2
870.8
734.3
498.0
608.3
803.6
1,286.8
980.8
1,125.4
809.9
582.9
589.9
558.2
592.7
602.6
735.0
322.2
805.7
991.0
219.1
286.7
434.2
457.2
344.3
405.9
200.4
296.3
253.6
339.4
177.6
197.4
271.1
362.7

2020
9,235.2
3,493.3
3,151.9
4,790.9
5,629.5
3,451.8
2,727.4
2,115.9
2,579.2
2,993.6
1,926.5
1,407.3
1,460.2
1,952.8
2,644.4
2,125.6
994.9
1,336.1
1,955.3
1,216.2
1,004.1
1,164.5
1,038.7
1,454.3
1,396.1
1,072.6
1,002.4
1,126.4
1,022.1
884.2
635.9
743.5
938.4
1,418.1
1,106.2
1,248.4
931.2
694.6
677.1
642.1
671.8
678.1
807.8
387.5
870.8
1,056.0
282.8
349.9
496.3
517.5
403.7
463.5
255.9
350.9
307.3
392.2
229.9
249.5
321.9
413.0

Change(thous.)
9000
0010
1020
499.0
762.3
486.3
561.2
152.3
428.6
683.4
565.8
468.2
246.0
345.3
275.7
355.5
357.3
278.0
300.0
283.7
285.7
292.6
329.7
216.5
242.8
220.1
98.3
227.2
184.4
201.9
153.5
181.9
171.3
144.5
188.4
324.1
150.9
152.4
107.2
178.8
149.6
130.6
109.2
108.3
94.0
112.9
60.0
111.3
107.5
55.5
52.7
1.3
86.4
57.4
84.8
55.3
64.7
89.1
69.0
57.2
42.3
41.4
99.1

-90.9
99.2
276.8
-324.2
-335.9
284.1
-18.3
110.0
31.0
-48.5
-5.7
137.0
-17.9
-51.1
-95.4
-246.5
96.8
-36.3
-467.8
91.6
40.7
-4.9
-189.4
23.2
28.7
-11.8
98.1
-9.4
17.2
36.2
61.2
42.6
105.9
-51.8
-36.7
-21.8
12.7
17.7
-34.7
22.4
-27.8
15.1
14.7
19.4
-62.3
-145.1
62.2
25.6
22.3
15.5
2.4
-1.9
38.3
-12.3
24.7
-27.8
22.2
29.2
19.1
-41.2

929.2
632.7
624.1
543.6
503.8
488.9
453.2
427.0
394.0
296.9
285.2
281.8
266.7
255.9
247.8
245.6
225.4
224.1
219.7
215.2
196.7
195.9
183.7
180.0
173.5
169.1
159.0
155.2
151.2
149.9
137.9
135.2
134.8
131.4
125.4
123.0
121.3
111.7
87.2
83.9
79.2
75.6
72.7
65.3
65.1
65.0
63.7
63.2
62.1
60.3
59.4
57.6
55.5
54.6
53.7
52.8
52.3
52.1
50.8
50.4

104

1990
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Rochester, NY
Albuquerque, NM
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Madison, WI
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Tucson, AZ
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
El Paso, TX
Fresno, CA
Colorado Springs, CO
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Jackson, MS
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Baton Rouge, LA
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Stockton, CA
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Springfield, MO
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Ann Arbor, MI
Dayton, OH
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Lexington-Fayette, KY
Green Bay, WI
Wichita, KS
Lafayette, LA
New Haven-Milford, CT
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Fort Wayne, IN
Boulder, CO
Fargo, ND-MN
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Lancaster, PA
Huntsville, AL
Anchorage, AK
Laredo, TX
Worcester, MA
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Winston-Salem, NC
Lincoln, NE
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Syracuse, NY
Corpus Christi, TX
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
Mobile, AL
Sioux Falls, SD
Toledo, OH
Wilmington, NC

IHS Global Insight

533.8
491.2
271.3
169.0
170.7
286.7
430.4
250.9
652.1
249.0
235.3
208.9
224.4
157.0
635.3
412.3
196.2
125.0
409.3
259.7
230.2
257.7
203.4
152.7
60.6
132.1
547.5
186.1
408.3
276.1
197.2
118.2
246.1
96.3
365.4
159.5
193.6
107.0
77.6
198.1
79.3
194.0
157.8
118.7
44.5
290.0
65.9
154.0
78.6
172.2
127.7
76.0
101.5
317.8
141.3
226.8
241.0
139.3
137.3
82.9
304.4
83.3

Employment(thous.)
2000
2010
617.8
530.9
357.3
236.5
194.2
323.5
517.0
319.8
704.1
346.9
291.7
256.5
270.7
249.8
630.8
445.5
244.2
174.3
436.1
339.3
275.0
321.7
238.4
185.8
97.4
178.3
559.0
203.3
435.2
322.1
253.2
163.5
295.2
131.9
381.2
192.3
217.6
163.8
102.8
216.9
123.4
226.8
184.9
147.3
68.4
329.2
104.4
184.1
120.5
209.3
162.9
108.4
126.8
325.7
166.1
238.4
261.2
186.0
179.8
118.4
347.2
119.8

521.0
503.1
371.7
238.3
226.4
333.9
489.6
344.6
671.2
354.1
315.8
277.5
279.5
246.3
608.0
412.8
251.5
193.1
436.4
364.4
273.3
337.5
228.5
187.7
110.6
191.8
537.9
195.7
370.3
320.7
246.0
165.5
282.9
147.7
358.6
195.0
201.3
159.0
121.4
239.4
133.8
227.0
208.6
172.1
88.0
317.1
113.4
196.8
103.7
204.3
171.3
126.5
103.3
312.7
177.3
248.5
252.4
168.4
175.0
133.4
297.1
136.5

2020
570.7
552.2
420.3
286.5
273.8
380.7
536.2
391.0
717.5
400.3
361.7
320.6
322.4
289.1
649.9
453.1
291.9
232.3
474.5
402.1
307.7
371.4
262.0
221.2
143.9
224.7
569.9
227.7
402.2
352.5
277.0
196.3
313.6
178.0
388.4
223.9
229.4
187.0
149.3
266.8
161.1
253.9
235.3
198.5
114.2
343.2
139.6
222.6
129.0
229.4
195.9
150.9
127.6
336.9
201.6
272.4
275.8
191.7
198.2
156.5
319.7
159.1

Change(thous.)
9000
0010
1020
83.9
39.7
86.0
67.5
23.4
36.8
86.5
68.9
52.1
98.0
56.4
47.6
46.3
92.7
-4.6
33.2
48.1
49.4
26.9
79.5
44.8
64.0
35.1
33.1
36.8
46.2
11.5
17.1
26.9
46.1
56.0
45.3
49.0
35.6
15.8
32.8
24.0
56.8
25.2
18.9
44.1
32.7
27.1
28.6
23.9
39.2
38.5
30.1
42.0
37.1
35.3
32.4
25.3
7.9
24.8
11.6
20.2
46.7
42.5
35.5
42.9
36.4

-96.7
-27.8
14.3
1.8
32.3
10.4
-27.3
24.9
-32.9
7.1
24.1
21.1
8.8
-3.5
-22.7
-32.7
7.3
18.7
0.3
25.2
-1.7
15.9
-9.9
1.8
13.2
13.6
-21.1
-7.6
-64.9
-1.4
-7.2
2.0
-12.2
15.8
-22.6
2.6
-16.3
-4.8
18.6
22.5
10.5
0.2
23.6
24.8
19.6
-12.1
9.0
12.7
-16.9
-5.0
8.4
18.1
-23.4
-13.1
11.2
10.1
-8.7
-17.6
-4.8
14.9
-50.1
16.8

49.7
49.1
48.7
48.3
47.3
46.8
46.6
46.4
46.3
46.2
45.8
43.1
42.9
42.8
41.9
40.4
40.3
39.3
38.0
37.7
34.5
33.9
33.5
33.5
33.3
32.9
32.0
32.0
31.9
31.8
31.0
30.8
30.7
30.3
29.8
28.9
28.0
28.0
27.9
27.3
27.3
27.0
26.8
26.4
26.3
26.2
26.2
25.8
25.4
25.1
24.5
24.4
24.2
24.2
24.2
24.0
23.4
23.3
23.2
23.2
22.6
22.5

105

1990
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Akron, OH
Port St. Lucie, FL
York-Hanover, PA
Reading, PA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Gainesville, GA
Asheville, NC
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Greeley, CO
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Appleton, WI
Peoria, IL
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Spokane, WA
Spartanburg, SC
Columbia, MO
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Rockford, IL
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Ocala, FL
Evansville, IN-KY
Odessa, TX
Tyler, TX
Salem, OR
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Bellingham, WA
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
Lubbock, TX
Modesto, CA
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Charlottesville, VA
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
St. Cloud, MN
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA
Clarksville, TN-KY
Savannah, GA
Midland, TX
Amarillo, TX
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Bismarck, ND
Charleston, WV
Rochester, MN
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
St. George, UT
Olympia, WA
Erie, PA
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Fayetteville, NC
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Longview, TX
Montgomery, AL
Logan, UT-ID
Cedar Rapids, IA
Joplin, MO

IHS Global Insight

124.2
283.0
82.1
154.5
154.5
144.7
45.9
130.1
224.2
46.9
77.9
95.8
89.8
156.1
148.4
192.4
151.4
113.7
61.7
172.6
139.0
216.1
65.3
152.0
42.2
63.2
109.5
75.2
54.0
109.1
99.9
117.5
135.7
71.5
70.8
70.0
62.0
54.4
113.8
46.0
82.5
126.4
71.9
241.6
40.0
121.0
74.5
129.5
129.2
14.3
65.3
120.7
118.8
92.4
92.6
82.5
162.9
66.6
138.2
28.7
103.8
60.6

Employment(thous.)
2000
2010
147.2
330.8
101.9
172.7
171.5
194.2
65.7
160.7
256.2
68.3
109.8
115.2
115.4
180.1
164.7
206.8
195.7
127.7
82.6
203.4
164.6
237.1
86.9
179.3
49.4
84.4
140.4
94.3
69.3
122.1
121.9
144.2
144.8
88.8
91.0
95.1
75.5
77.2
135.1
54.3
102.2
150.3
111.9
256.7
51.7
146.4
97.2
152.8
150.3
33.4
85.5
136.2
145.1
116.8
112.9
98.2
186.3
82.4
168.1
43.0
133.1
76.0

154.5
316.4
120.1
174.0
166.6
190.0
71.6
167.1
258.5
78.4
127.6
117.3
115.3
177.2
161.7
209.2
204.5
116.3
91.8
195.7
143.6
215.4
90.9
172.7
60.1
92.5
143.2
96.4
78.8
116.6
125.8
146.3
137.4
98.9
93.1
97.6
99.8
83.0
150.7
68.4
109.7
131.7
105.5
220.3
62.2
147.6
101.9
159.1
135.4
45.8
98.1
127.0
140.9
128.1
115.7
105.6
142.5
95.8
168.4
52.6
137.6
78.5

2020
177.1
338.8
142.4
195.6
187.6
210.9
92.5
187.7
278.9
98.1
146.7
136.2
134.1
195.8
180.2
227.6
222.9
134.5
109.9
213.8
161.6
233.3
108.4
190.0
77.1
109.2
159.3
112.3
94.6
132.4
141.5
161.9
152.8
114.0
108.2
112.5
114.6
97.8
165.5
83.1
124.3
146.2
119.9
234.5
76.4
161.9
116.1
173.2
149.4
59.5
111.8
140.6
154.4
141.5
128.9
118.5
155.2
108.5
181.0
65.2
150.1
91.0

Change(thous.)
9000
0010
1020
23.0
47.8
19.9
18.2
17.0
49.4
19.8
30.6
32.0
21.4
31.9
19.4
25.6
24.0
16.4
14.4
44.3
14.0
21.0
30.8
25.6
21.0
21.6
27.3
7.2
21.2
30.9
19.1
15.3
12.9
22.1
26.7
9.1
17.2
20.3
25.1
13.5
22.8
21.2
8.3
19.8
23.8
40.0
15.1
11.7
25.4
22.7
23.3
21.0
19.1
20.3
15.6
26.4
24.4
20.3
15.7
23.4
15.9
29.9
14.3
29.3
15.5

7.4
-14.4
18.2
1.3
-4.9
-4.2
5.8
6.4
2.3
10.1
17.8
2.0
-0.1
-2.9
-3.0
2.5
8.8
-11.4
9.2
-7.6
-21.0
-21.7
4.0
-6.6
10.7
8.1
2.9
2.1
9.5
-5.5
3.8
2.1
-7.4
10.1
2.1
2.5
24.3
5.8
15.6
14.1
7.5
-18.6
-6.4
-36.4
10.5
1.2
4.7
6.3
-14.8
12.4
12.6
-9.2
-4.2
11.3
2.8
7.4
-43.8
13.4
0.3
9.7
4.5
2.4

22.5
22.5
22.3
21.6
20.9
20.9
20.9
20.6
20.4
19.8
19.1
18.9
18.8
18.6
18.5
18.4
18.4
18.2
18.1
18.1
18.0
17.9
17.5
17.3
17.0
16.7
16.1
15.9
15.8
15.8
15.7
15.6
15.4
15.2
15.1
15.0
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.7
14.6
14.5
14.4
14.3
14.3
14.3
14.2
14.0
14.0
13.8
13.7
13.6
13.5
13.4
13.2
12.9
12.8
12.7
12.6
12.6
12.5
12.5

106

1990
Salinas, CA
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Springfield, MA
Las Cruces, NM
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Canton-Massillon, OH
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Tallahassee, FL
Iowa City, IA
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Grand Junction, CO
Lafayette, IN
Columbus, GA-AL
Florence, SC
Athens-Clarke County, GA
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Coeur d`Alene, ID
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Medford, OR
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
College Station-Bryan, TX
Columbus, IN
Tuscaloosa, AL
La Crosse, WI-MN
Roanoke, VA
Jackson, TN
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Waco, TX
Rapid City, SD
Dover, DE
Billings, MT
Bend, OR
Jefferson City, MO
Morgantown, WV
Racine, WI
Prescott, AZ
Wausau, WI
State College, PA
Eau Claire, WI
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Bowling Green, KY
Hattiesburg, MS
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Owensboro, KY
Barnstable Town, MA
Gainesville, FL
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Napa, CA
Greenville, NC
Duluth, MN-WI
Lynchburg, VA
Decatur, AL
Macon, GA
Santa Fe, NM
Missoula, MT
Harrisonburg, VA
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Johnson City, TN
Merced, CA

IHS Global Insight

110.2
57.8
280.8
43.9
165.6
166.3
55.0
130.1
62.7
70.7
84.1
101.4
34.6
76.8
101.9
78.3
67.2
59.5
24.3
134.7
55.2
68.0
59.5
35.2
72.5
58.5
141.0
46.3
66.1
84.2
43.0
42.0
51.5
32.8
59.6
42.7
76.8
27.8
52.6
59.9
58.9
65.0
39.9
44.1
53.4
33.1
41.4
72.5
97.4
142.2
41.5
52.8
108.8
92.3
50.1
87.4
47.0
34.0
42.8
37.5
65.2
41.1

Employment(thous.)
2000
2010
127.4
77.7
295.6
57.0
188.4
187.5
70.0
165.6
79.0
95.0
97.2
110.1
50.4
94.2
124.8
89.0
79.1
70.0
42.6
170.2
74.4
85.3
82.2
44.8
89.3
72.4
163.4
61.8
90.0
103.4
56.8
55.5
66.5
52.9
77.3
49.7
82.4
49.8
69.9
69.8
76.7
73.8
53.8
54.0
64.0
41.1
51.2
90.8
123.6
161.9
57.4
69.2
132.6
106.5
59.1
101.6
57.9
49.9
56.5
45.3
74.6
52.1

121.7
92.4
285.1
69.4
178.9
159.7
77.6
169.3
90.2
97.5
86.1
113.8
58.8
91.3
117.6
81.6
83.9
68.2
53.0
175.6
74.7
88.1
97.2
42.2
93.4
73.8
155.1
57.9
90.7
105.2
60.5
63.5
77.9
60.8
76.6
65.1
74.5
54.5
66.8
74.4
79.9
82.7
59.2
58.5
72.4
43.8
49.7
90.8
126.9
157.7
60.1
75.3
129.0
102.7
53.6
95.4
60.8
55.1
61.5
52.4
77.6
56.1

2020
134.1
104.6
297.1
81.3
190.7
171.5
89.4
181.1
101.8
109.2
97.6
125.3
70.2
102.7
128.6
92.6
94.7
78.7
63.6
186.1
85.0
98.5
107.4
52.4
103.6
83.9
165.1
67.7
100.3
114.9
70.1
73.0
87.4
70.1
85.9
74.3
83.8
63.5
75.7
83.2
88.6
91.2
67.6
66.9
80.7
52.1
58.0
99.1
135.1
165.9
68.1
83.3
136.9
110.5
61.4
103.2
68.4
62.7
69.1
59.9
85.1
63.6

Change(thous.)
9000
0010
1020
17.2
19.9
14.8
13.2
22.7
21.2
15.0
35.5
16.2
24.4
13.1
8.7
15.8
17.3
22.8
10.7
11.8
10.5
18.2
35.5
19.2
17.4
22.6
9.6
16.8
13.9
22.4
15.5
24.0
19.3
13.8
13.4
15.0
20.1
17.7
7.0
5.6
22.0
17.2
9.8
17.8
8.8
13.9
9.9
10.7
8.0
9.8
18.3
26.2
19.7
15.8
16.5
23.8
14.2
9.0
14.2
10.8
15.9
13.7
7.8
9.5
11.1

-5.7
14.7
-10.5
12.4
-9.5
-27.8
7.6
3.7
11.2
2.5
-11.2
3.7
8.4
-2.8
-7.2
-7.4
4.9
-1.8
10.4
5.4
0.3
2.8
15.0
-2.5
4.1
1.4
-8.2
-4.0
0.6
1.8
3.7
8.0
11.4
7.9
-0.7
15.4
-7.8
4.7
-3.1
4.7
3.2
8.9
5.4
4.5
8.3
2.7
-1.5
0.0
3.2
-4.2
2.7
6.1
-3.6
-3.8
-5.5
-6.2
2.9
5.2
5.0
7.1
3.0
4.0

12.4
12.2
12.0
11.9
11.8
11.8
11.8
11.8
11.6
11.6
11.5
11.5
11.4
11.3
11.1
11.0
10.7
10.6
10.6
10.5
10.4
10.3
10.3
10.1
10.1
10.1
10.0
9.9
9.6
9.6
9.6
9.5
9.5
9.3
9.3
9.3
9.2
9.0
8.9
8.7
8.7
8.5
8.4
8.4
8.3
8.3
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.0
8.0
7.9
7.8
7.8
7.7
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.5
7.5

107

1990
Yakima, WA
Salisbury, MD
Utica-Rome, NY
Burlington, NC
Flint, MI
Idaho Falls, ID
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Yuma, AZ
El Centro, CA
Punta Gorda, FL
Winchester, VA-WV
Topeka, KS
Redding, CA
Jonesboro, AR
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Pueblo, CO
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Battle Creek, MI
Jackson, MI
Williamsport, PA
Bloomington, IN
Dubuque, IA
Glens Falls, NY
Fond du Lac, WI
Ocean City, NJ
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Valdosta, GA
Flagstaff, AZ
Pocatello, ID
Sheboygan, WI
Springfield, IL
Casper, WY
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Warner Robins, GA
Farmington, NM
Wheeling, WV-OH
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Cleveland, TN
Binghamton, NY
Cheyenne, WY
Dothan, AL
Pascagoula, MS
Altoona, PA
Ames, IA
Kingston, NY
Sumter, SC
Elizabethtown, KY
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Victoria, TX
Janesville, WI
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Morristown, TN
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Sherman-Denison, TX
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
Corvallis, OR
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Palm Coast, FL
Anderson, SC

IHS Global Insight

64.8
41.6
129.1
54.7
171.0
28.1
26.5
28.9
29.9
28.4
38.6
99.0
49.8
37.1
60.9
43.4
44.1
86.8
41.4
53.2
56.6
51.1
63.8
44.8
48.2
40.6
38.8
56.1
36.5
40.3
25.2
51.9
108.1
28.5
49.1
38.3
35.8
60.5
62.6
33.4
119.4
31.9
53.1
47.8
54.1
37.9
61.7
31.4
35.6
51.1
39.0
60.4
28.7
39.2
24.1
91.3
37.8
59.6
31.5
29.7
8.4
57.0

Employment(thous.)
2000
2010
75.4
49.7
136.6
65.1
166.0
40.6
41.3
41.2
38.1
37.1
50.3
114.2
59.4
47.5
76.2
55.5
50.9
98.9
48.8
61.8
65.1
55.1
79.6
52.4
53.0
48.0
42.7
65.2
48.3
58.4
36.5
63.7
115.3
32.0
54.2
46.9
44.5
67.2
71.7
41.0
119.0
38.0
60.3
58.4
60.6
47.0
64.6
41.2
43.1
56.8
50.2
69.3
35.8
50.6
30.2
116.1
45.9
60.4
37.1
42.0
13.1
67.1

76.0
52.2
130.6
56.2
133.4
48.6
46.1
49.6
44.5
41.4
54.6
109.2
58.0
48.9
73.3
57.5
59.4
83.5
53.2
55.8
53.3
52.6
81.3
55.5
54.6
44.9
41.2
58.5
52.1
61.2
36.0
58.2
111.6
38.5
56.6
59.3
48.3
66.8
68.9
39.1
109.3
43.4
57.2
58.7
60.3
46.8
60.8
36.7
46.8
54.8
49.1
61.4
38.3
44.7
35.6
117.7
42.3
58.2
37.3
44.0
18.6
58.9

2020
83.4
59.6
138.0
63.5
140.6
55.7
53.2
56.3
51.3
48.1
61.2
115.8
64.6
55.5
79.8
63.9
65.8
89.8
59.3
61.8
59.4
58.6
87.3
61.5
60.5
50.9
47.2
64.4
58.0
67.0
41.8
64.0
117.3
44.3
62.3
64.9
53.7
72.2
74.3
44.4
114.7
48.6
62.2
63.7
65.2
51.7
65.7
41.6
51.6
59.6
53.9
66.2
43.0
49.4
40.2
122.3
46.9
62.7
41.9
48.4
23.0
63.3

Change(thous.)
9000
0010
1020
10.7
8.1
7.5
10.4
-5.0
12.5
14.8
12.3
8.2
8.7
11.7
15.2
9.6
10.5
15.3
12.1
6.8
12.1
7.3
8.6
8.5
4.0
15.9
7.6
4.8
7.4
3.9
9.1
11.9
18.2
11.3
11.8
7.2
3.5
5.1
8.6
8.7
6.7
9.1
7.6
-0.4
6.1
7.2
10.6
6.5
9.1
2.9
9.7
7.5
5.7
11.2
8.9
7.1
11.5
6.1
24.7
8.1
0.8
5.6
12.2
4.7
10.1

0.5
2.5
-6.0
-8.9
-32.6
8.0
4.8
8.4
6.4
4.3
4.3
-5.0
-1.4
1.4
-2.9
2.0
8.5
-15.5
4.4
-6.0
-11.7
-2.5
1.7
3.1
1.6
-3.1
-1.5
-6.6
3.8
2.7
-0.5
-5.5
-3.7
6.5
2.4
12.4
3.8
-0.4
-2.8
-1.9
-9.6
5.4
-3.1
0.3
-0.4
-0.1
-3.7
-4.5
3.7
-2.1
-1.1
-7.8
2.5
-5.9
5.4
1.7
-3.6
-2.2
0.2
2.0
5.4
-8.2

7.4
7.4
7.4
7.3
7.3
7.2
7.1
6.8
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.4
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.4
5.3
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.9
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.4

108

1990
Yuba City, CA
Kokomo, IN
Goldsboro, NC
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
San Angelo, TX
Cumberland, MD-WV
Jacksonville, NC
Lewiston, ID-WA
Norwich-New London, CT
Fairbanks, AK
Lake Charles, LA
Monroe, LA
Lawrence, KS
Monroe, MI
Sandusky, OH
Gadsden, AL
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Chico, CA
Longview, WA
Danville, VA
Rocky Mount, NC
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Lebanon, PA
Bangor, ME
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Brunswick, GA
Lima, OH
Dalton, GA
Springfield, OH
Terre Haute, IN
Bay City, MI
Johnstown, PA
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Abilene, TX
Muncie, IN
Anderson, IN
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Hot Springs, AR
Decatur, IL
Mansfield, OH
Albany, GA
Alexandria, LA
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Pittsfield, MA
Rome, GA
Wichita Falls, TX
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Great Falls, MT
Ithaca, NY
Elmira, NY
Danville, IL
Pine Bluff, AR
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Carson City, NV
Lawton, OK

IHS Global Insight

30.8
48.3
39.1
42.4
37.4
35.0
31.1
19.1
110.7
27.3
73.2
60.8
37.0
33.5
36.5
34.8
66.1
57.6
34.4
42.2
62.3
18.7
40.5
65.2
37.1
35.3
54.2
57.9
56.0
68.5
34.2
57.6
46.5
53.7
53.8
50.1
45.8
27.5
54.2
60.1
56.1
49.6
11.8
62.8
36.6
53.2
52.1
28.2
51.7
41.9
33.4
37.7
98.6
21.5
36.0

Employment(thous.)
2000
2010
37.1
54.4
44.9
49.3
44.4
36.8
40.9
26.6
127.8
34.0
88.5
77.7
49.6
44.9
39.8
39.8
71.6
69.9
38.3
46.8
67.6
27.3
44.2
71.9
44.3
41.5
59.1
78.2
57.3
77.5
42.0
60.8
50.1
62.0
57.8
47.6
49.8
35.6
59.4
61.7
64.4
60.1
15.1
63.3
40.6
61.1
50.2
32.0
58.5
43.7
34.0
40.4
112.7
31.2
38.8

36.5
39.9
42.6
49.1
44.6
39.8
48.0
26.2
128.7
38.9
88.6
76.0
50.6
37.8
36.3
35.6
59.3
68.8
35.5
38.8
59.5
32.4
49.6
71.1
42.8
40.5
51.7
65.9
48.9
70.7
36.4
59.8
48.9
65.2
48.9
40.4
42.4
37.2
52.3
52.1
60.9
63.5
19.7
61.8
38.7
58.3
44.0
35.3
65.2
40.0
29.1
37.2
107.7
28.9
44.4

2020
40.8
44.1
46.8
53.3
48.8
43.9
52.1
30.1
132.6
42.7
92.4
79.8
54.4
41.6
40.1
39.3
63.0
72.4
39.1
42.3
63.0
35.9
52.9
74.4
46.0
43.6
54.8
69.0
51.9
73.7
39.3
62.4
51.5
67.7
51.4
42.9
44.4
39.2
54.2
53.9
62.4
65.0
21.2
63.1
40.0
59.2
44.9
36.1
65.9
40.5
29.5
37.4
107.9
29.0
43.6

Change(thous.)
9000
0010
1020
6.3
6.2
5.8
6.9
7.0
1.8
9.8
7.5
17.1
6.7
15.3
16.9
12.6
11.4
3.3
5.0
5.6
12.4
4.0
4.6
5.4
8.6
3.7
6.8
7.2
6.2
4.9
20.3
1.3
8.9
7.8
3.1
3.6
8.4
4.0
-2.5
4.0
8.0
5.3
1.6
8.4
10.5
3.3
0.5
4.0
7.9
-1.9
3.8
6.9
1.8
0.6
2.8
14.1
9.6
2.8

-0.6
-14.5
-2.2
-0.2
0.2
3.0
7.2
-0.5
0.9
4.9
0.0
-1.7
1.0
-7.1
-3.5
-4.3
-12.3
-1.1
-2.8
-8.0
-8.1
5.1
5.4
-0.9
-1.5
-1.0
-7.5
-12.4
-8.4
-6.8
-5.6
-1.0
-1.2
3.1
-8.8
-7.3
-7.4
1.6
-7.1
-9.6
-3.5
3.4
4.6
-1.5
-1.9
-2.9
-6.2
3.3
6.6
-3.7
-4.9
-3.2
-5.0
-2.3
5.6

4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.1
3.1
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.7
2.6
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.3
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.1
-0.8

109

TableT5:PopulationGrowthintheNext30Years(Thous.)

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA


Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV
St. Louis, MO-IL
Baltimore-Towson, MD
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Kansas City, MO-KS
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Columbus, OH
Pittsburgh, PA
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN
Raleigh-Cary, NC
Jacksonville, FL
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH
Salt Lake City, UT
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA
Oklahoma City, OK
Memphis, TN-MS-AR
Richmond, VA
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
Tucson, AZ
Birmingham-Hoover, AL
Fresno, CA

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

19,127.2
13,052.7
9,548.5
6,669.0
6,215.6
5,446.7
5,771.1
4,332.3
4,381.0
5,809.8
6,018.0
4,442.3
4,627.7
3,556.8
2,865.6
3,182.2
2,652.7
4,282.8
3,354.6
2,207.8
2,243.4
1,844.0
2,201.7
2,298.7
1,988.7
2,823.6
2,744.4
1,830.4
2,069.0
1,794.7
1,643.4
1,891.8
1,879.1
2,362.1
2,146.1
1,194.1
1,375.0
1,688.7
2,061.2
1,166.6
1,600.9
1,301.2
1,335.2
1,280.6
1,568.8
1,304.4
819.6
998.9
1,137.2
955.2

20,728.0
14,666.7
11,063.9
11,034.2
10,182.5
9,141.0
8,610.3
8,160.6
8,010.7
7,923.9
6,592.6
5,389.7
5,266.7
4,944.1
4,361.3
4,242.1
4,223.7
4,200.5
4,172.3
3,976.3
3,649.6
3,521.2
3,421.7
3,405.2
3,320.0
3,181.3
3,171.9
3,014.9
2,715.4
2,541.9
2,512.4
2,443.2
2,372.4
2,335.3
2,330.2
2,227.3
2,141.2
2,072.1
1,967.6
1,947.0
1,709.4
1,692.9
1,677.9
1,645.0
1,635.8
1,623.1
1,609.2
1,474.8
1,357.8
1,311.6

8.4
12.4
15.9
65.5
63.8
67.8
49.2
88.4
82.9
36.4
9.5
21.3
13.8
39.0
52.2
33.3
59.2
-1.9
24.4
80.1
62.7
91.0
55.4
48.1
66.9
12.7
15.6
64.7
31.2
41.6
52.9
29.1
26.2
-1.1
8.6
86.5
55.7
22.7
-4.5
66.9
6.8
30.1
25.7
28.5
4.3
24.4
96.3
47.6
19.4
37.3

110

Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL


New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Albuquerque, NM
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Tulsa, OK
El Paso, TX
Honolulu, HI
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL
Boise City-Nampa, ID
Columbia, SC
Rochester, NY
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA
Provo-Orem, UT
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY
Stockton, CA
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC
Knoxville, TN
Colorado Springs, CO
Greensboro-High Point, NC
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
Ogden-Clearfield, UT
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY
Worcester, MA
Baton Rouge, LA
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI
New Haven-Milford, CT
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Dayton, OH
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Modesto, CA
Wichita, KS
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX
Madison, WI
Springfield, MA
Port St. Lucie, FL
Naples-Marco Island, FL
Akron, OH
Visalia-Porterville, CA
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX
Syracuse, NY
Chattanooga, TN-GA
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

641.7
1,210.6
909.4
863.7
1,214.5
956.6
839.5
973.3
888.0
716.7
639.3
786.6
1,056.6
840.1
553.3
1,133.1
706.5
698.2
711.0
674.1
737.9
828.6
934.0
564.8
872.6
804.1
813.1
616.9
719.3
657.0
782.1
860.4
483.8
589.9
546.1
848.6
675.3
494.9
567.0
522.4
627.9
520.9
421.6
583.8
693.7
433.5
333.0
700.3
455.5
421.4
663.0
538.6
492.6

1,305.0
1,302.7
1,300.1
1,296.2
1,253.6
1,249.8
1,181.8
1,167.9
1,167.4
1,159.0
1,139.4
1,105.3
1,101.3
1,098.0
1,096.3
1,078.0
1,077.2
1,014.3
1,012.7
1,007.1
987.2
987.1
972.1
964.9
940.1
933.5
928.8
919.2
911.4
896.7
894.3
889.0
874.7
858.9
844.4
814.5
795.1
788.6
773.7
763.0
760.9
758.6
754.3
740.2
734.5
713.8
703.5
693.1
692.4
690.2
683.3
675.7
652.8

103.4
7.6
43.0
50.1
3.2
30.6
40.8
20.0
31.5
61.7
78.2
40.5
4.2
30.7
98.1
-4.9
52.5
45.3
42.4
49.4
33.8
19.1
4.1
70.8
7.7
16.1
14.2
49.0
26.7
36.5
14.3
3.3
80.8
45.6
54.6
-4.0
17.7
59.4
36.5
46.1
21.2
45.6
78.9
26.8
5.9
64.7
111.3
-1.0
52.0
63.8
3.1
25.4
32.5

111

Lexington-Fayette, KY
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
Reno-Sparks, NV
Winston-Salem, NC
Jackson, MS
Ocala, FL
Lancaster, PA
Wilmington, NC
Toledo, OH
Spokane, WA
Huntsville, AL
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA
Springfield, MO
Salem, OR
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA
Asheville, NC
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Corpus Christi, TX
Anchorage, AK
Salinas, CA
Laredo, TX
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC
York-Hanover, PA
Savannah, GA
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
Fayetteville, NC
Tallahassee, FL
Reading, PA
Greeley, CO
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA
Lansing-East Lansing, MI
Manchester-Nashua, NH
Montgomery, AL
Fort Wayne, IN
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
Mobile, AL
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC
Eugene-Springfield, OR
Rockford, IL
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
Clarksville, TN-KY
Peoria, IL
Boulder, CO
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Merced, CA
Ann Arbor, MI
Trenton-Ewing, NJ
Lincoln, NE
Green Bay, WI
Flint, MI
Canton-Massillon, OH

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

485.8
556.1
433.6
486.1
551.3
333.8
527.4
375.8
649.3
476.5
433.1
419.6
443.8
398.8
562.9
431.9
517.7
455.8
433.9
393.0
425.8
262.7
281.7
439.6
360.7
560.1
379.7
373.4
414.3
264.8
429.7
465.5
403.1
381.2
422.0
310.3
414.4
363.0
356.6
348.4
391.2
282.8
380.3
303.6
382.9
406.6
264.1
349.5
367.7
309.6
311.9
418.8
402.6

646.4
645.9
645.8
645.2
643.4
641.5
639.8
625.5
614.7
606.0
603.7
587.8
582.1
577.6
577.6
569.3
567.0
563.9
554.3
549.9
521.3
518.6
513.2
507.7
505.0
498.0
497.1
486.8
485.2
483.2
483.1
473.1
472.3
471.6
470.1
467.7
463.6
453.5
445.8
444.6
442.7
421.2
420.9
415.3
414.7
413.5
412.0
405.2
397.5
396.8
396.0
394.7
385.9

33.1
16.2
48.9
32.7
16.7
92.2
21.3
66.5
-5.3
27.2
39.4
40.1
31.2
44.9
2.6
31.8
9.5
23.7
27.8
39.9
22.4
97.4
82.1
15.5
40.0
-11.1
30.9
30.4
17.1
82.5
12.4
1.6
17.2
23.7
11.4
50.7
11.9
24.9
25.0
27.6
13.2
48.9
10.7
36.8
8.3
1.7
56.0
15.9
8.1
28.2
27.0
-5.7
-4.1

112

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA
Prescott, AZ
Fort Smith, AR-OK
Olympia, WA
Las Cruces, NM
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
Evansville, IN-KY
Spartanburg, SC
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI
Lubbock, TX
Columbus, GA-AL
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA
College Station-Bryan, TX
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
Amarillo, TX
Roanoke, VA
Gainesville, FL
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
Waco, TX
Yuma, AZ
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA
Tyler, TX
Charleston, WV
Gainesville, GA
Holland-Grand Haven, MI
Gulfport-Biloxi, MS
Sioux Falls, SD
Lynchburg, VA
Lafayette, LA
Yakima, WA
Utica-Rome, NY
Cedar Rapids, IA
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
Duluth, MN-WI
Erie, PA
Bellingham, WA
Fargo, ND-MN
Appleton, WI
Chico, CA
Longview, TX
Norwich-New London, CT
Medford, OR
Charlottesville, VA
Columbia, MO
Athens-Clarke County, GA
El Centro, CA
St. George, UT
Macon, GA
Champaign-Urbana, IL
Greenville, NC

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

274.2
273.5
212.5
302.2
260.1
218.2
204.2
362.1
288.8
330.3
295.1
306.0
310.2
235.5
273.6
257.7
256.6
310.6
267.6
319.6
274.6
242.1
204.5
266.2
216.4
303.3
185.4
268.0
257.0
235.4
255.9
280.0
251.2
297.6
262.0
287.5
280.0
280.6
206.0
215.6
229.2
219.9
218.0
273.2
206.4
205.5
178.6
194.6
180.4
144.6
232.9
233.0
195.4

382.6
380.5
379.0
376.9
373.2
371.6
371.4
371.3
371.0
370.5
370.4
364.8
362.4
359.5
358.8
358.7
352.5
350.2
344.7
342.8
326.8
326.3
325.9
325.7
322.2
320.1
319.3
319.2
317.7
315.9
305.3
301.6
298.5
295.4
292.2
291.4
291.0
290.9
288.9
288.0
287.2
283.4
283.2
282.5
280.2
276.4
272.1
271.2
270.2
267.1
266.8
265.2
261.1

39.5
39.1
78.4
24.7
43.5
70.3
81.9
2.6
28.5
12.2
25.5
19.2
16.8
52.6
31.1
39.2
37.4
12.7
28.8
7.3
19.0
34.8
59.4
22.3
48.9
5.5
72.2
19.1
23.6
34.2
19.3
7.7
18.9
-0.7
11.5
1.4
3.9
3.7
40.3
33.6
25.3
28.9
29.9
3.4
35.8
34.5
52.4
39.3
49.8
84.7
14.6
13.8
33.6

113

Topeka, KS
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL
Punta Gorda, FL
Dover, DE
Barnstable Town, MA
Bloomington, IN
Anderson, SC
Tuscaloosa, AL
Yuba City, CA
Elkhart-Goshen, IN
Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL
Coeur d`Alene, ID
Rochester, MN
Binghamton, NY
Bend, OR
Warner Robins, GA
Florence, SC
Burlington-South Burlington, VT
Auburn-Opelika, AL
Springfield, IL
St. Cloud, MN
Jacksonville, NC
Johnson City, TN
Redding, CA
Logan, UT-ID
Lafayette, IN
Madera-Chowchilla, CA
Bloomington-Normal, IL
Grand Junction, CO
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL
Racine, WI
Idaho Falls, ID
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA
Palm Coast, FL
Joplin, MO
Dalton, GA
Lake Charles, LA
Billings, MT
Iowa City, IA
Hanford-Corcoran, CA
Burlington, NC
Valdosta, GA
Santa Fe, NM
Pueblo, CO
Flagstaff, AZ
Kingston, NY
Jefferson City, MO
Abilene, TX
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI
Pascagoula, MS
Hattiesburg, MS
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

236.2
184.3
161.1
167.5
215.5
196.9
189.8
222.9
168.7
200.1
171.6
143.4
189.4
249.3
162.5
147.4
206.7
213.5
146.4
212.6
191.3
183.4
200.7
178.1
130.2
206.0
154.9
172.1
146.9
140.3
195.5
133.9
208.6
99.0
177.3
144.1
202.3
161.9
156.5
154.5
155.3
144.6
146.8
161.5
135.5
182.3
151.0
167.6
168.5
171.1
163.7
147.1
198.9

259.7
259.0
255.9
254.2
252.7
251.9
250.6
249.2
247.8
247.7
247.2
246.2
246.0
245.9
245.3
244.9
243.0
241.0
240.3
238.9
238.4
235.5
233.2
232.4
230.1
230.0
226.3
225.8
222.7
219.1
217.2
215.4
214.2
213.5
212.5
210.4
209.8
209.3
208.5
207.6
204.5
203.4
202.4
200.8
196.8
196.3
195.3
195.0
194.3
188.1
188.0
187.9
187.6

9.9
40.6
58.8
51.7
17.2
28.0
32.0
11.8
46.9
23.8
44.0
71.6
29.9
-1.4
51.0
66.1
17.5
12.9
64.2
12.4
24.6
28.4
16.2
30.5
76.7
11.7
46.1
31.2
51.6
56.2
11.1
60.8
2.7
115.6
19.8
46.0
3.7
29.3
33.2
34.3
31.7
40.7
37.8
24.3
45.2
7.7
29.4
16.4
15.3
9.9
14.9
27.7
-5.7

114

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA
Eau Claire, WI
Dothan, AL
Monroe, LA
Napa, CA
Odessa, TX
Rocky Mount, NC
Albany, GA
Morristown, TN
Midland, TX
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA
Janesville, WI
Decatur, AL
Rapid City, SD
Jackson, MI
Bowling Green, KY
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ
State College, PA
Monroe, MI
Winchester, VA-WV
Wichita Falls, TX
Terre Haute, IN
Farmington, NM
Sherman-Denison, TX
Alexandria, LA
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR
Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH
Wausau, WI
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA
Brunswick, GA
Morgantown, WV
Bangor, ME
Elizabethtown, KY
Harrisonburg, VA
Salisbury, MD
Jonesboro, AR
Missoula, MT
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI
Cleveland, TN
La Crosse, WI-MN
St. Joseph, MO-KS
Kankakee-Bradley, IL
Jackson, TN
Goldsboro, NC
Lebanon, PA
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA
Battle Creek, MI
Victoria, TX
Glens Falls, NY
Bismarck, ND
Wheeling, WV-OH

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

163.2
163.6
148.0
178.2
139.1
141.5
152.1
157.3
138.0
142.2
168.5
160.6
154.9
130.2
159.7
129.5
157.0
155.4
151.8
131.5
150.2
173.0
128.3
122.3
154.9
145.0
136.8
162.0
134.9
147.6
119.2
114.1
134.6
153.8
125.4
127.9
126.2
123.9
111.4
156.5
117.6
135.0
127.5
114.0
116.2
124.5
135.0
113.6
135.6
116.6
129.1
112.8
146.9

187.5
187.4
184.5
182.4
180.6
180.1
179.7
179.3
179.0
178.8
178.5
178.4
177.3
176.6
176.1
175.0
174.9
174.0
172.0
166.3
166.0
164.9
164.5
162.9
162.2
161.6
160.2
160.0
159.3
158.4
157.9
156.0
155.7
155.0
154.1
154.0
153.5
151.9
150.9
150.3
149.9
149.5
148.0
147.8
147.8
147.3
146.3
143.9
143.7
143.4
143.3
142.0
139.5

14.9
14.5
24.7
2.4
29.8
27.2
18.2
14.0
29.7
25.7
5.9
11.1
14.5
35.7
10.3
35.2
11.4
12.0
13.3
26.5
10.5
-4.7
28.2
33.2
4.7
11.5
17.1
-1.2
18.0
7.3
32.5
36.8
15.6
0.8
22.9
20.4
21.6
22.6
35.5
-4.0
27.5
10.7
16.1
29.6
27.2
18.3
8.3
26.6
6.0
23.0
11.0
25.9
-5.0

115

San Angelo, TX
Anderson, IN
Springfield, OH
Lawrence, KS
Johnstown, PA
Longview, WA
Lawton, OK
Owensboro, KY
Pittsfield, MA
Michigan City-La Porte, IN
Altoona, PA
Sumter, SC
Sheboygan, WI
Pocatello, ID
Fairbanks, AK
Muncie, IN
Fond du Lac, WI
Anniston-Oxford, AL
Williamsport, PA
Mansfield, OH
Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA
Cheyenne, WY
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
Hot Springs, AR
Rome, GA
Corvallis, OR
Lewiston-Auburn, ME
Ithaca, NY
Gadsden, AL
Grand Forks, ND-MN
Kokomo, IN
Danville, VA
Cumberland, MD-WV
Bay City, MI
Ames, IA
Dubuque, IA
Lima, OH
Decatur, IL
Pine Bluff, AR
Ocean City, NJ
Casper, WY
Columbus, IN
Elmira, NY
Great Falls, MT
Danville, IL
Lewiston, ID-WA
Sandusky, OH
Carson City, NV

IHS Global Insight

2012

2042

Change(%)

114.8
131.5
137.2
113.0
143.0
103.1
128.0
115.8
130.2
112.0
126.7
107.7
115.3
92.4
100.5
118.0
102.4
117.7
116.7
123.0
80.6
94.1
122.5
97.7
95.8
86.2
107.2
101.7
104.3
98.3
98.9
105.4
102.6
106.6
89.9
95.0
105.7
110.3
98.3
96.3
77.2
78.6
88.7
82.4
81.1
61.9
76.7
55.6

138.0
137.0
133.5
132.5
131.9
131.7
131.6
130.6
130.2
129.5
127.9
126.9
126.0
125.8
121.6
119.0
118.9
117.3
116.4
115.5
114.9
114.7
113.5
113.0
111.2
110.4
108.9
108.9
107.6
106.9
105.0
104.5
102.4
101.1
100.2
99.4
98.8
95.1
94.2
92.0
91.5
88.4
87.7
86.8
76.8
74.4
72.3
67.1

20.2
4.1
-2.7
17.3
-7.8
27.7
2.8
12.9
0.0
15.7
0.9
17.8
9.3
36.2
21.0
0.8
16.0
-0.4
-0.3
-6.1
42.6
21.9
-7.3
15.7
16.0
28.1
1.6
7.0
3.1
8.7
6.2
-0.9
-0.2
-5.2
11.4
4.6
-6.5
-13.8
-4.1
-4.5
18.5
12.4
-1.1
5.4
-5.3
20.1
-5.7
20.5

116