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SYLLABUS FOR

F.Y.B.Sc.

PHYSICS

(With effect from June 2012)

Subject: Physics

With effect from June, 2012 The Board of Studies in physics has decided, the revision of syllabus in physics according to the U.G.C. model curriculum, in the meeting held on 3 rd May 2012. The titles of the papers for F.Y.B.Sc. (Physics) are as given below;

Marks Course Title Term Periods Ext PHY 111 : Mechanics and Properties of matter PHY112 : Electricity and Magnetism PHY121 : Heat and Thermodynamics PHY122 :Theoretical Physics PHY103:Practical Course Int

48

40

10

48

40

10

48

40

10

48

40

10

1 and 2

80

20

Note: The industrial tour is compulsory for students of F. Y. B. Sc. (Physics). The tour report should be submitted at the time of practical examination.

UNIT-I : Dynamics of Rigid bodies: Conical pendulum, Compound pendulum: Differential equation of motion: time period: explanation of length of equivalent simple pendulum: point of suspension & point of oscillation and their interchangeability: condition of maximum and minimum time period, Katers pendulum and its application to determine g, Torsional pendulum and its application to to determine modulus of rigidity, Bifilar suspension, Bifilar pendulum with parallel threads. (14 Periods, 12 Marks) UNIT-II : Elasticity Bending of beams, Bending moments: general expression and expressions for beams having rectangular and circular cross-section Cantilever: cantilever loaded at the fee end: general expression for depression and expressions for cantilevers having rectangular and circular crosssection., General expression for depression of a beam supported at its both ends and loaded in the middle and expressions for the beams having rectangular and circular cross-section. Experiment to determine Y by bending of a beam. (12 Periods, 10 Marks) UNIT-IV: Surface Tension Basic concepts of surface tension and angle of contact, Pressure difference across a liquid surface, Excess pressure inside a liquid drop and a soap bubble, Relation between surface Tension ,excess pressure & radius of curvature, Determination of surface tension by Jaegers method; Applications of surface tension with explanation. (10Periods, 08 Marks) UNIT-V: Fluid dynamics and Viscosity General concept of fluid flow, Streamline and turbulent flow, Equation of continuity of flow, Energy possessed by a liquid, Concept of pressure energy, Bernoullis Theorem and its applications : venturimeter, pitot tube, Definition of viscosity, Flow of a liquid through a capillary: Poiseuilles equation, Determination of coefficient of viscosity by using Poiseuillies equation, (12 Periods, 10 Marks) (TOTAL : 48 Periods, 40 Marks) REFERENCES: 1) University Physics,Sears and Zeemansky XIth edition, Pearson education. 2) Concepts of Physics, H.C. Varma, Bharati Bhavan Publishers 3) Elements of Properties of Matter : D. S. Mathur, (Shyamlal Charitable Trust, New Delhi). 4) Physics Vol.1 : D. Halliday and R. Resnik. 5) Physics: S. G. Starling (Longman and Green co. Ltd.) 6) Properties of matter: Brij Lal & Subramaniam. N, Eurasia publishing Co., NewDeihi, 1994. 7) University Physics I:J.C.Upadhyaya, Himalaya Publishing House, 2007

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Unit-I: Current Electricity Introduction, Nature of current, current density vector and equation of continuity, microscopic form of ohms law, loop analysis by Kirchhoffs laws, Network theorems:- Thevenins theorem and Nortons theorem with illustrations, maximum power transfer theorem, (for D.C.Source). (14 Periods, 12 marks) Unit-II: Electrical D.C. Circuits Introduction, Growth and decay of current in circuit containing inductor and resistance, Time constant of L-R circuit and its physical significance, Charging and discharging of condenser through resistance, Time constant of C-R circuit. (10 Periods, 08 marks) Unit-III: Magnetic properties of materials Introduction, origin of magnetism, Magnetic parameters, relation between B, H and M vectors, Ferromagnetic, Antiferromagnetic and Ferrimagnetic materials, Hysteresis, Energy loss due to hysteresis, Soft and Hard magnetic materials, Types of magnets:- Permanent and Electromagnet. (12 Periods, 10 marks) Unit-IV: Electromagnetic Induction. Introduction, revision of self and mutual induction, self induction of solenoid, mutual induction of coaxial solenoid, energy stored in inductor, Inductors in series and parallel, Mutual inductance in terms of self inductance, Applications of transformers, losses in transformer, Closed core transformer, Transformer with tapped secondary, Autotransformer, isolation transformer. (12 Periods, 10 marks) (TOTAL : 48 Periods, 40 Marks) References: 1. Foundation of electromagnetic theory: John R. Reitz & Milford 2. Electricity and Magnetism: A. Kip 3. Electricity and Magnetism: D.C.Tayal 4. Principles of electronics: V.K.Mehta 5. Conceptual Physics: Ajit Naik, Jivan Seshan,Taggarase (Himalaya publication) 6. Basic Electronics: B.L.Thereja 7. Electricity and Magnetism: Pricillar W. laws (Willey) 8. Text book of magnetism: R.K.Verma 9. Text book of Electricity D.K.Jha. 10. Classical Electricity and Magnetism:Panofsky &Phillips

UNIT-I: Equation of state Andrews experiment and Amagats experiments : Discussion on experimental results. van der Walls equation, Critical constants, Reduced equation of state, Boyles temperature. (10 Periods, 08 Marks) UNIT-II: Basic concepts of Thermodynamics Thermodynamic system, Thermodynamic variables, Adiabatic and isothermal changes, Indicator diagram, Work done during an isothermal change, Adiabatic equation of a perfect gas, Work done during an adiabatic change, Thermodynamic equilibrium, Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Concept of internal energy, First law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible changes/processes (12 Periods, 10 Marks) UNIT-III: Second and third law of thermodynamics Carnots ideal heat engine, Carnot cycle and its efficiency, Carnots theorem, Second Law of thermodynamics, Otto and Diesel engines with their efficiencies, Concept of entropy, Change of entropy in Reversible process. Change of entropy in Irreversible process, T-S diagram, Third law of thermodynamics, First and Second latent heat equations, Variation of boiling point and melting point with pressure. (16 Periods, 14 Marks) UNIT-IV: Elements of Refrigeration Introduction to refrigeration, Difference between heat pump and refrigerator, Basic principles of refrigeration methods: Evaporative refrigeration, refrigeration by throttling of gas, vapour refrigeration. Units of refrigeration, C.O.P. of refrigerator, Basic components of simple vapour compression refrigeration, Flow diagram of vapour compression refrigerator and its working, Uses of refrigerator. (10 Periods, 08 Marks) (TOTAL: 48 Periods, 40 Marks) REFERENCES: 1. Heat and Thermodynamics: Brijlal and Subramanyam 2. Heat and Thermodynamics: Richard H. Dittman and Mark W. Zemansky 3. Heat and Thermodynamics: V. N. Das 4. Text book of Heat: J. B. Rajam 5. Heat and Thermodynamics: M. S. Yadav 6. Text book of Thermodynamics: D. K. Jha 7. Treatise on Heat : Saha and Srivastav 8. Modern Engineering Physics: A.S. Vasudeva (S. Chand, 4th Ed., 2009) 9. A course in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning: Arora and Domkundwar (Dhanpat Rai & Co., 2002). 10. Refrigeration Engineering: R.C. Patel, B. M. Patel and G.D. Bhat (Acharya Publication, Baroda)

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1. Complex Algebra : Complex number (Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division, Complex conjugate), Argand diagram, (Rectangular form and polar form of complex number), Eulers formula, Exponential form of complex number, de-Moiveres theorem (Statement only), Trigonometrical functions (Sin, Cos, Tan), Application of exponential form for power and roots of complex numbers. (14 Periods, 10 Marks) 2. Partial Differentiation: Definition of partial differentiation, Total differential, Exact differential, Chain-rule, Change of variables from Cartesian to polar co-ordinates (08 Periods, 08 Marks) 3. Vector Algebra: Scalar and Vector product of two vectors, Rotational quantities as vectors (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration), Scalar triple product and its geometrical interpretation, Vector triple product. (12 Periods, 10 Marks) 4. Vector Analysis: Scalar and Vector fields, Differentiation of a vector, Vector differential operator (Del operator), Gradient of a scalar and its physical significance, Divergence of a vector and its physical significance, and Curl of a vector and its physical significance, Laplacian operator, Proof of the following vector identities. 1) = 0 2) (A) = 0 3) ( A) = ( A )+ A ( ) 4) ( A) = (A) + ( ) A (14 Periods, 12 Marks) Total: (48 Periods, 40 Marks) References: 1. Mathematical Physics: B. D. Gupta. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. 2. Mathematical Physics: B. S. Rajput. Pragati Prakashan Ltd. 3. Mathematical Physics: S. L. Kakani and C. Hemrajani, C.B.S. Publishers 4. Mathematical Methods for Physical Sciences: M. L. Boas. Willey & Sons, India 5. Mathematical Physics: Ervin Crazy. 6. Vector Analysis: Murray Spiegel, Schaums Outline Series 7. Complex Variables: Spiegel & Lipschutz, Schaums Outline Series

Note: Students should perform at least eight experiments from each section. Each section carries 40 Marks: (35 marks for Practical & 5 marks for Journal)

SECTION-I

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. M.I. of a disc by torsional pendulum. by torsional oscillation. Determination of acceleration due to gravity by Katers reversible pendulum. Determination of Y by using flat spiral spring. Determination of by using flat spiral spring. To determine Y of rectangular beam by method of bending. To determine Y by vibrational cantilever. Poissons ratio of rubber by using cord/rubber tube. Determination of coefficient of viscosity of water by Poiseuilles method. Verification of Bernoullis theorem. To determine the surface tension by Jaegers method. Thermal conductivity by Lees method. Thermocouple as thermometer.

SECTION-II

Verification of Kirchhoffs laws. Verification of Thevenins theorem. Verification of Nortons theorem. Maximum power transfer theorem. Verification of Joules law. Determination of time constant of L-R circuit. Determination of time constant of R-C circuit using charging and discharging of condenser through resistor. To determine efficiency and turns ratio of transformer. Study of spectrometer and determination of angle of prism. Use of analog/digital multimeter. Electric billing with energy meter. Study of I-V characteristics of solar cell. Frequency of a. c. using vibrating wire and magnet.

References: 1. Practical Physics by R. K. Shukla, Anchal Srivastava (New Age International). 2. B.Sc. Practical Physics by Harnam Singh and Dr. P.S. Hemne (S. Chand). 3. Advance Practical Physics by S.P.Singh (Pragati). 4. College Practical Physics: Khanna and Gulati (S. Chand and Co. Ltd , Delhi) 5. Practical Physics: Gupta and Kumar (Pragati Prakashan Meerat) 6. Advanced Level Practical Physics: J. M.Nelkon, J.M.Ogloom (EIBS) 7. Advanced Practical .Physics: Worsnop and Flint 8. A Text book of practical Physics: Shrinivasan and Balasubranian 9. A Text book of practical Physics: Indu Prakash and Ramkrishna. 10. B.Sc. Practical Physics by C.L. Arora (S. Chand and Co. Ltd , Delhi)

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11. Practical Course in Electronics by Prof. J.R.Patil and other (Jaydeep Prakashan). 12. A text Book of Experimental Physics Dr. V.Y. Rajopadhye, V.L.Purohit and A.S. Deshpande (Continental Prakashan, Poona-30).

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