24 views

Uploaded by raki4it

- 5 4 lesson plan
- CAPE Pure Mathematics Syllabus
- taller 20141029
- CalcI Complete Assignments
- nda paper 1
- Function of Two Variables
- 2 Din Cal
- Differential 2
- Consult A
- 5_domainandRange
- Exam 1 Solutions
- Skill
- MCV 4U1 Unit 1 Review 2018.pdf
- EM 122 Syllabus OBTL Ver 2015
- Lecture4 Functions and Function Notation
- fall 2015 pipeline project
- Pre-Calc+Notes
- Mathematics Textbook Revision Questions
- (_partial)_(_partial x)(ln(2x^3+3y^2)) - Partial Derivative Calculator - Symbolab
- calculus-applications-in-business3315.doc

You are on page 1of 3

e point g(x) = y, we want to compute the derivative of the composite function f (g(x)) at the point x. In other words, we want to compute f (g(x + h)) f (g(x)) . h0 h lim The answer involves the derivative of the outer function f and the derivative of the inner function g. Specically, d(f g) = (f g) (x) = (f (g(x)) = f (g(x)) g (x). dx To prove this rule we rst set up some notation. We are assuming that the function g(x) is dierentiable at the point x. This means that the number g (x) exists and is equal to our limit denition of the derivative, and so g(x + h) g(x) g (x) 0 as h 0. h We dene a new variable v by v= g(x + h) g(x) g (x). h

Notice that v depends on the number h and that v 0 as h 0. Similarly, because we are assuming the function f is dierentiable at the point y = g(x) we have f (y + k) f (y) f (y) 0 as k 0, k

where here we are using the variable k to stand for the h we normally use. Again, we dene another variable w by f (y + k) f (y) w= f (y). k Again, notice that w depends on k and that w 0 as k 0. From our denitions of v and w it follows that g(x + h) = g(x) + [g (x) + v]h f (y + k) = f (y) + [f (y) + w]k We now use these equations to rewrite f (g(x + h)). In particular, use the rst equation to obtain f (g(x + h)) = f (g(x) + [g (x) + v]h), and use the second equation applied to the right-hand-side with k = [g (x) + v]h and y = g(x). Note that using this quantity for k tells us that k 0 as h 0, and so w 0 as h 0. Applying this equation gives f (g(x) + [g (x) + v]h) = f (g(x)) + [f (g(x)) + w] [g (x) + v]h. Using this last equation we now simplify the fraction f (g(x + h)) f (g(x)) f (g(x)) + [f (g(x)) + w] [g (x) + v]h f (g(x)) = h h = [f (g(x)) + w] [g (x) + v]h h

2

We are now ready to compute the derivative: f (g(x + h)) f (g(x)) = lim [f (g(x)) + w] [g (x) + v] h0 h0 h lim = lim f (g(x)) + lim w

h0 h0

h0

h0

= f (g(x)) g (x), since v 0 as h 0 and w 0 as h 0. The Flawed Proof Many calculus texts present an incorrect proof of the chain rule that goes as follows: (f g) (x) = lim 1 g (x) f (g(x + h)) f (g(x)) h0 h f (g(x + h)) f (g(x)) h f (g(x + h)) f (g(x)) g(x + h) g(x) h g(x + h) g(x)

(f g) (x)

= lim

h0

= lim

h0

= f (g(x)).

Therefore (f g) (x) = f (g(x)) g (x). For 3 bonus points, explain why this proof is technically incorrect.

- 5 4 lesson planUploaded byapi-379780781
- CAPE Pure Mathematics SyllabusUploaded byDarnell Gracen
- taller 20141029Uploaded byHilario Ramírez González
- CalcI Complete AssignmentsUploaded byBayu Khalifa Muttaqin
- nda paper 1Uploaded byabhishek kumar
- Function of Two VariablesUploaded byap021
- 2 Din CalUploaded byJennifer Mercado
- Differential 2Uploaded byjfl2096
- Consult AUploaded byChevas Pérez
- 5_domainandRangeUploaded byThila Langgadi
- Exam 1 SolutionsUploaded bySHINeeXInfinite
- SkillUploaded byfixrouter4400
- MCV 4U1 Unit 1 Review 2018.pdfUploaded byAnonymous cEQIGoVo
- EM 122 Syllabus OBTL Ver 2015Uploaded byCharllote Alcala
- Lecture4 Functions and Function NotationUploaded bymarchelo_chelo
- fall 2015 pipeline projectUploaded byapi-301455039
- Pre-Calc+NotesUploaded byChristian Myers
- Mathematics Textbook Revision QuestionsUploaded byrachiho
- (_partial)_(_partial x)(ln(2x^3+3y^2)) - Partial Derivative Calculator - SymbolabUploaded byafjkjchhghgfbf
- calculus-applications-in-business3315.docUploaded byfarhaliza
- Domain and RangeUploaded byParag Chhadva
- dalamberianUploaded bystosicdusan
- MATH1081-Topic1-LectureNotesUploaded byBooohuu
- Business18 Building New Functions From Old OnesUploaded bymarchelo_chelo
- 02 Definite IntegrationUploaded byHarshdeep Maurya
- UT Dallas Syllabus for math2312.002.09s taught by (mxf091000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- 3rd-Grading-math-port (2).docxUploaded byJersey Baroro Dominguez
- Lab 6Uploaded byMouzam Ali
- aUploaded bydajksbei
- MATH 4002 Course Schedule.pdfUploaded byVanz

- G.O.Ms.No.229 M.A. dt.16.4.94Uploaded byRaghu Ram
- Tamil Poems TranslationUploaded byMubeen Sadhika
- Dual Fly Back Dc Dc ConverterUploaded byThavva Ganesh
- V choleraUploaded byRoger Santos Dominguez
- Autodesk Navisworks Installation GuideUploaded bymindwriter
- SBI Credit Appraisal ProjectUploaded byVinod Dhone
- Praveen Piping Field Resume - CopyUploaded byprvnpg
- Chem.bonding Chap 5Uploaded byShafrida Jaafar
- Apparent Weight in a LiftUploaded byInn Ain
- P235S en 01 Piezo Resistive PiezometersUploaded bySDLC
- DOS ManualUploaded byzeo_ultimate
- airbnbUploaded byAman Bajaj
- Mixed ConditionalsUploaded bymacec007
- Teach Yourself Photography JFotographyUploaded byVlad Vicovanu
- Business Systems AnalystUploaded byapi-78357108
- 8fb2ace4db58a22968555f34f3e811eaUploaded byLe Duy Anh Duong
- Sommerfeld Effect for a Rotor With Axisymmetric Support StiffnessUploaded byflaco_astroza
- Dual Power SupplyUploaded byiwan
- Correction of a Class II Occlusion in an AdultUploaded byfsavasta29
- breqnUploaded byhahaggerg
- Diffusion and Osmosis LabUploaded byJustin Ng
- ComputerSystem ASG2Uploaded byapi-3725183
- 1133957919_384346.docUploaded byMeaghan Fresn
- THERMACT Solid Fuels_2018Uploaded byAjit Sidhu
- 6.6L ENGINE 2.pdfUploaded byZak Carrigan
- SyllabusUploaded byrashax
- Calculate Earthquake Forces on Buildings and StructuresUploaded byMelvin Esguerra
- Full Text 01Uploaded byVladimir Podshivalov
- SuperShuttle Web Services API DocumentationUploaded byNicolas Fournier
- wb answers 1t chapter4 pdfUploaded byapi-222703744