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IVANE JAVAKHISHVILI TBILISI STATE UNIVERSITY

IVANE JAVAKHISHVILI INSTITUTE OF HISTORY AND ETHNOLOGY



X-XI
THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTE
OF HISTORY AND ETHNOLOGY

X-XI

Tbilisi
2010/2011

:
Editor-in-Chief: Vazha Kiknadze


, 2010/2011

ISSN 1987-6564



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46 Reineggs J., Allgemeine historisch-topographische Beschreibung des Kaukasus , Aus dessen nachgelassenen
Papieren gesammelt und herausgegeben von F. E. Schrter, Zweiter Theil (Hindelsheim und St. Petersburg, 1797),
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Strabo 11, 3, 5; ix. Jones, H. L., The Geography of Strabo, with an English translation by Horace Leonard Jones,

vol. V. The Loeb Classical Library (Cambridge, Massachusetts & London, 1961), . 221.
48 Cl. Ptol., 5, 10, 2; ix. Nobbe K. F. A. (Ed.), Ptolemy, Claudii Ptolemaei Geographia, Volume 2 (Lipsiae, 1845), .
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Kavtaradze G. L., Georgian Chronicles and the raison d'tre of the Iberian Kingdom (Caucasica II), Orbis

Terrarum, Journal of Historical Geography of the Ancient World , 6, 2000 (Stuttgart, 2001), gv. 220-222.
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31. . ., (, 1903);
32. Blau O., Ueber -karta, -kerta in Ortsnamen, Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenlndischen Gesellschaft, Bd 31
(Leipsig, 1877);
33. Brockelmann C., Syrische Grammatik mit Paradigmen, Literatur, Chrestomathie und Glossar, Neunte Auflage
(Leipzig, 1962);
34. Cary E., Dios Roman History. With an English translation by E. Cary on the basis of the version of H. B. Foster,
vol. III. The Loeb Classical Library (London & Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1969);
35. Jones, H. L., The Geography of Strabo, with an English translation by Horace Leonard Jones, vol. V. The Loeb
Classical Library (Cambridge, Massachusetts & London, 1961);
36. Kavtaradze G. L., Georgian Chronicles and the raison d'tre of the Iberian Kingdom (Caucasica II), Orbis Terrarum,
Journal of Historical Geography of the Ancient World, 6, 2000 (Stuttgart, 2001);

37. Marquart J., Osteuropische und ostasiatische Streifzge, Ethnologische und historisch-topographische Studien zur
Geschichte des 9. und 10. Jahrhunderte (ca. 840-940) (Leipzig, 1903);
38. Mayhoff K. F. T. (Ed.), Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia. English translation by Bostock J., Riley H.T. (Lipsiae,
1906);
39. Nobbe K. F. A. (Ed.), Ptolemy, Claudii Ptolemaei Geographia, Volume 2 (Lipsiae, 1845);
40. Reineggs J., Allgemeine historisch-topographische Beschreibung des Kaukasus, Aus dessen nachgelassenen
Papieren gesammelt und herausgegeben von F. E. Schrter, Zweiter Theil (Hindelsheim und St. Petersburg, 1797);
41. St.-Martin V., Recherches sur les populations primitives et les plus ancienns traditions du Caucase (Paris, 1847);
42. Thomson R. W. (Ed.), Rewriting Caucasian History. The Medieval Armenian Adaptation of the Georgian
Chronicles. The Original Georgian Texts and the Armenian Adaptation. Translated with Introduction and Commentry
by Robert W. Thomson (Oxford 1996). [ .60]

Giorgi L. Kavtaradze
Ivane Javakhishvili Institute of History and Ethnology,
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

About the Ancient Location of Mcxeta and Its Name


About the ancient location of Mtskheta i.e. Old Mcxeta mentioned in the Chronicle
of the Conversion of Kartli(Mokcevay kartlisay) quite different opinions are
expressed. However, the easiest way to solve this problem gives the text of the Chronicle itself. As
we know from the Chronicle, the legendary image of Alexander the Great had bestowed Mcxeta to
Azoy, son of the king of Arian-Kartli, as his royal sit and Azoy took from his homeland two idols
Gaci and Ga as gods and brought with him to Old Mcxeta, therefore the place of erection of
these idols must indicate to us the exact place where Old Mcxeta should be located.
As we know from the Life of Kartli (Kartlis cxovreba), idols Gaci and Ga (Gaim) were
erected beside the idol Armazi: to his right was a man of gold whose name was Gaci and to his
left a man of silver whose name was Gaim [Thomson 1996, 98]. And Armazi was erected at the
entrance to Kartli [ibid., 36]. Toponym Kartli is the old name of Armazi (Armazcixe,
Bagineti) which is on the right side of Kura River. Therefore, it seems quite possible to assume that
Old Mcxeta was located on the right side of Kura, which is different from Mcxetas present
location on the left side of the river. As it seems, this difference was a main reason why the
identification of Old Mcxeta with Armazi/Bagineti was not acceptable for such a long time.
But if we will compare the old name of Armazi/Bagineti Kartli with the Aramaic word
karda which means fortress/town and recall the fact that the name Acropolis (') was
given by Cassius Dio to Armazi/Bagineti and, at the same time, we will take into account the
opinion of some linguists that the name Mcxeta is derived from the root of the Georgian-Zan
linguistic unity: *1ixe with the meaning fortress/stronghold, the proposed above identification of
the name Old Mcxeta with Kartli/Armazi becomes much more reasonable.

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