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Chapter 13 Color correction 337

Use the video scopes


The video scopes appear in the Viewer, to the left of the video image. Only one scope appears at
a time.
Open a scope
1 Do one of the following:
Choose Window > Show Video Scopes (or press Command-7).
Choose Show Video Scopes from the Viewer Options pop-up menu.
Choose the scope you
want to use from the
Settings pop-up menu.
Viewer Options
pop-up menu
You can use the same commands to close the video scope.
2 Choose the scope to display from the top section of the Settings pop-up menu.
3 After you have chosen a scope, choose the display options from the bottom section of the
Settings pop-up menu.
Waveform Monitor display options
lhe waveform Vonitor shows the relative levels of luma and chroma in the clip currently being
examined. These values are displayed from left to right, mirroring the relative distribution of luma
and chroma levels from left to right in the image. Spikes and dips in the displayed waveforms
correspond to light and dark areas in your picture. The waveforms are also tinted to match the
color of items in the video.
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lhe Settings pop-up menu in the upper-right corner of the waveform Vonitor provides a variety
of display options:
kC8 |otoJe. Presents three side-by-side waveform displays that display your video as three
separate red, green, and blue components. The waveforms are tinted red, green, and blue so
that you can easily identify them.
The RGB Parade view is useful for comparing the relative levels of red, green, and blue
between two clips. lf one clip has more blue than another, the waveform Vonitor displays an
elevated blue waveform for the clip with more blue and a depressed blue waveform for the
other clip.
kC8 Ovet|oy. Combines waveforms for the red, green, and blue color components in
one display.
Red: Shows only the red color channel.
Green: Shows only the green color channel.
8|ue. Shows only the blue color channel.
Luma: Shows only the luma component of the video.
Chapter 13 Color correction 339
cltomo. Shows only the chroma component of the video, and is tinted to match the
videos colors.
'cbct |otoJe. Presents three side-by-side waveform displays for the separate luma, Cb (the
blue color di1erence channel), and Cr (the red color di1erence channel) components. lhe
waveforms are tinted white (for luma), magenta (for Cb), and yellow (for Cr) so that you can
easily identify the waveform for each component.
IRE: Displays the video range in IRE units.
/||||vo|ts. Displays the video range in millivolts.
Guides: lurns the waveform Vonitor's grid and numeric values on or o1.
/ooocltome. Dims and desaturates the scope display to prevent visual distractions and color
perception issues in your color-6nishing suite.
8t|qltoess. Sets the relative lightness or darkness of the scope display.
Chapter 13 Color correction 340
Vectorscope display options
The Vectorscope shows the distribution of color in your image on a circular scale. The color in
your video is represented by a series of connected points that fall somewhere within this scale.
The angle around the scale represents the hue displayed, with targets indicating the primary
colors of red, green, and blue and the secondary colors of yellow, cyan, and magenta. The
distance from the center of the scale to the outer ring represents the saturation of the color
being displayed. The center of the scale represents zero saturation, and the outer ring represents
maximum saturation.
The Vectorscope shows you, at a glance, the hue and intensity of the various colors in your
image. Once you learn to identify the colors in your clips using the Vectorscope, you can more
easily see where two images di1er and correct them so that they match as closely as possible.
The Settings pop-up menu in the upper-right corner of the Vectorscope provides a variety of
display options:
100/. Sets the reference chroma level for the color bar targets (the squares representing each
color in a standard color bar test signal) at 100 percent saturated chroma. Use this when your
source media uses 100 percent color bars as its reference.
133/. Sets the reference chroma level for the color bar targets at 75 percent saturated chroma.
Use this when your source media uses 75 percent color bars as its reference.
Vector: Uses a normal chroma hue reference, with red near the top.
/ot|3. Uses a 90-degree rotated chroma hue reference, with red on the right side.
5low/||Je 5||o !ooe |oJ|cotot. Shows or hides the diagonal line that represents the human skin
tone chroma phase, which is between the yellow and red color bar targets.
/ooocltome. Dims and desaturates the scope display to prevent visual distractions and color
perception issues in your color-6nishing suite.
8t|qltoess. Sets the relative lightness or darkness of the scope display.
Chapter 13 Color correction 341
Histogram display options
lhe listogram provides a statistical analysis of the image by calculating the total number of
pixels of each color or luma level and creating a graph that shows the number of pixels at
each percentage of luma or color. Each increment of the scale from left to right represents a
percentage of luma or color, and the height of each segment of the listogram graph shows the
number of pixels that correspond to that percentage.
lhe Settings pop-up menu in the upper-right corner of the listogram provides a variety of
display options:
Luma: Shows only the luma component of the video. The height of the graph at each step on
the scale represents the number of pixels in the image at that percentage of luma, relative to
all the other values. lor example, if an image has few highlights, the listogram shows a large
cluster of values in the midtones.
Using the luma listogram view, you can quickly compare the luma of two shots so that you
can adjust their shadows, midtones, and highlights to match more closely.
The shape of the graph also helps you determine the amount of contrast in an image. A
low-contrast image has a concentrated clump of values nearer to the center of the graph. By
comparison, a high-contrast image has a wider distribution of values across the entire width of
the graph.
kC8 Ovet|oy. Combines waveforms for the red, green, and blue color components in one
display. If the image being examined has equal levels of two or more colors, you see the
combined color:
Equal levels of green and blue appear as cyan.
Equal levels of green and red appear as yellow.
Equal levels of red and blue appear as magenta.
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Equal levels of red, green, and blue appear as gray.
kC8 |otoJe. Presents three graphs that display your video as separate red, green, and
blue components. The waveforms are tinted red, green, and blue so that you can easily
identify them.
You can use the RGB Parade view to compare the relative distribution of each color channel
across the tonal range of the image. For example, images with a red color cast have either a
signi6cantly stronger red graph or weaker green and blue graphs.
Red: Shows only the red color channel.
Green: Shows only the green color channel.
8|ue. Shows only the blue color channel.
8t|qltoess. Sets the relative lightness or darkness of the scope display.