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THE

BIOTIC EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE:

Temperature & Organism Survival

Learning goal: I can explain how diverse organisms will be aected by temperature changes associated with GCC.

Animals that only tolerate a narrow temperature range (niche) at greatest risk Organisms in lowland tropics, mangrove forests, ocean, and desert Plants and animals may shiK their distribuLon (migrate), go exLnct, or adapt over Lme (evolve)

Ecosystems at Risk

Changing Animal-Human InteracDons


Japan-summer heat wave may have led to shortage of acorns/nuts in woodlands, driving bears closer to city! Drought at Oregon Coast killed berry bushes, led bears into city of Yachats-fed by humans!

Oregon Coast

Japan

Sea Turtles

All female turtles come ashore at nesDng beaches, dig nests in the sand, lay eggs, and return to sea Rising sea level erosion of beaches, as waves destroy eggs

Rising temperature will change number of males and females in populaDon (sex raDo). (higher temp.= more females) If temperature is above 34C, too hot to incubate eggs

Sea Turtles

Rockhopper Penguins
Temperature increases in 1960s correlate with decrease in rockhopper penguin populaDons Declines in sea ice and krill (shrimp-like animal) from warmer temperatures
2002

TODAY

Lobster
Higher temperatures (above 69F) cause physiological stress, takes more energy for respiraDon (less dissolved oxygen in water) Leaving less energy for feeding, growth, and fending o disease.

Lobster shell disease from bacteria

Polar Bears & Rising Temperatures


Polar bears use ice as a pla\orm for hunDng seals and for resDng. Sea ice is decreasing throughout bears ArDc range More open water, bears have to swim longer, females have to make dens on land.

h^p://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=E1cyUmx5htA

Rice Crops
Plants stop photosynthesizing (making food) when temperatures reach 37C. Rice crops wont self-pollinate with temperatures above 40C.

A published US

research paper showed that over the past 25 years, rice crops in Asia have reduced by 10% to 20%.