AP Chapter One Study Book Questions

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. The age group with the lowest voter turnout rate is a. 25 years old or younger c. 41-64 years old b. 26-40 years old d. 65 years old or older 2. The institutions that make authoritative decisions that apply to all of society are collectively known as a. the political system c. linkage institutions b. government d. public goods 3. Which of the following is NOT a general characteristic of public goods? a. governments usually must provide them c. individuals have little incentive to provide them b. most businesses provide them for a profit d. every member of society can use one 4. Which of the following is NOT an example of a public good? a. welfare benefits c. national defense b. parks d. clean air policies 5. All governments a. provide services c. have a president b. have written constitutions d. have a legislature 6. One of the basic functions of government is to socialize young citizens into the political system through schooling a. true b. false 7. Harold Lasswell’s definition of politics is a. “who gets what, when, and how” c. the authoritative allocation of the GNP b. “what gets done, then and now” d. voting in a duly constituted election 8. The media usually focuses on the a. “who” of politics c. “when” of politics b. “what” of politics d. “how” of politicws 9. America has one of the highest voter turnout rates in the world a. true b. false 10. Single-issue groups a. aid effective policymaking c. have little influence on voters b. are concerned with a wide range of d. have little taste for compromise problems 11. Political issues get government’s attention through linkage institutions. a. true b. false 12. One type of linkage institution is a. an interest group c. a government b. a bureaucracy d. a legislature 13. A policy agenda a. ignored by public officials c. a list of problems to which serious attention is paid b. an electoral ballot d. a public opinion poll 14. Which of the following policymaking institutions was NOT established by the Constitution? a. Congress c. the presidency b. the bureaucracy d. the courts

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____ 15. Public policy a. consists of laws passed by Congress c. involves making decisions b. is what government chooses not to do d. all of the above ____ 16. According to The Communist Manifesto, the specter haunting Europe was a. democracy c. communism b. military dictatorship d. freedom ____ 17. The writers of the US Constitution a. cherished the idea of democracy c. rejected democratic ideals b. favored government by the people d. had no fondness for democracy ____ 18. Who said, the people “should have as little to do as may be with the government”? a. Abraham Lincoln c. Roger Sherman b. Elbridge Gerry d. Alexis de Tocqueville ____ 19. In democratic theory, the principle of minority rights accompanies the principle of a. majority rule c. pluralism b. representation d. equality ____ 20. Pluralists argue that a. there are only a few influential groups that c. the public interest rarely prevails shape American policymaking b. the American Political system is a d. many access points diminish group competition among many groups influence ____ 21. Elite and class theory holds that a. power is dispersed among many c. American society is divided along class institutions lines b. wealth is irrelevant to political power d. elites influence policymakers but are distinct from them ____ 22. Hyperpluralism can lead to a. multi-issue groups and politics c. more effective and efficient government b. muddled and inconsistent policy d. centralized power and authority ____ 23. A common consequence of the situtation in which different parties control the presidency and Congress is a. policy compromise c. policy gridlock b. pluralism d. individualism

AP Chapter One Study Book Questions Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: A B B A A A A A B D A A C B D C D C A B C B C PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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