The Child Study Project: Relationship between Textbook Knowledge of Child Development and Real Children Northwestern State University

. the family. a one hour naturalistic observation was made with no interaction. and ten years is also included. Conservation testing and information from the parental interview was also used in this study. and psychosocial development of the seven year old. This prediction takes into consideration any strength’s in the child. First. This paper compares the findings of the real life observations to textbook knowledge to see if the child development follows the textbook teaching including that of Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson. During this time direct interaction with the child took place. Second. It looks at the biosocial. The actions of the child was documented and then summarized. a thirty minute informal observation was made. A prediction of the child’s development over the next year.CHILD STUDY PROJECT Abstract 2 This paper compares textbook knowledge of Child Development with real life observation. five years. cognitive. The observation was based on a seven year old female. and the community that could foster optimal development as well as any potential problems that may lead to future difficulties for the child.

a step-sister who is three and a step-brother who is only three weeks old. Her step-father graduated from Nicholls State University as an RN. While the parents have joint custody of the children. Her father has also remarried and has a daughter from his second wife who is now about three years old. The family economic status would fall in the middle income category. She decided college was not for her and headed to the work place as an apartment manager. step-father. She is a white. Military but now works for a national company that supplies products and services for oil and gas drilling operations. . Catholic being raised in a mid-sized city in North Louisiana. Macie lives the majority of the time with her mother.S. Her mom is a high school graduate with some college education. The newborn baby brother is his first child although he does accept Macie and her sister as his own children. She has remarried twice since the divorce and is now a stay at home mom with her newborn son. sister and baby brother.CHILD STUDY PROJECT 3 The Child Study Project: Relationship between Textbook Knowledge of Child Development and Real Children This Child Study Project is based on a seven year old girl named Macie. Her father is a high school graduate who is a truck driver for a “Hot Shot”/Transport company. He is married for the first time. I thought it would be interesting to observe the seven year old to see how she reacted to the newborn brother now being the center of attention. She was born on January 27. Her mother and father divorced when she was less than one year old. He served as an RN in the U. 2004 and has a sister who is ten.

on a Saturday morning. I have been to their house before so Macie was expecting me to spend time with her as I usually do. At first she was interrupting and asking questions. I explained that I had “homework” to do for CHILD STUDY PROJECT 4 an hour but as soon as I was finished I would play with just her.V. but finally went on about her business and the “observation” began. Talked: Opened Her Present Played: With the dog 7 minutes 5 minutes With her Godmother 3 minutes 4 minutes With her sister 7 minutes With the baby 5 minutes Observation Table 2 Action Asked mom for something Marched across the room in an “attention getting” manner Disobeyed her stepfather and mother Sat down next to someone abruptly and then got up Frequency 4 times 6 times 3 times 5 times With her mom 5 minutes With her Grandma 3 minutes With others 3 minutes 14 minutes 4 minutes 23% 7% With her doll 10 minutes In her room 8 minutes 25 minutes 5 minutes 42% 8% Total Time Percentage of time 12 minutes 20% .m.I arrived at the house around 10:00 a. I spent a few minutes saying hello and taking a quick peak at the baby. During the one hour period I made the following observations: Observation Table 1 Activity Played Alone: Watched T.

Her Biosocial Development seemed right on target. She is a very healthy. Trying not to jump to conclusions I continued to the next phase of the project: the one on one time.After the one hour observation I was thinking this seven year old was extremely jealous of this new addition and this outward behavior was surely to get attention. I noticed her gymnastics picture on the dresser and commented on what a great picture it was. decides on her lunch and in most cases prepares it or at least helps. . their hand-eye coordination and balance are developing and it is considered the healthy years. petite. She took me outside to see her new balance beam her step father had made her for Christmas. She demonstrated her talent on the beam and was very enthusiastic over her accomplishments. According to our text book she falls under the “School Years” category which includes kids ages seven through eleven. Since she had just celebrated a birthday and Christmas. Macie’s skills on the balance beam prove her balance and coordination is definitely developing at this point. they have a change in their social context. At this level of Biosocial Development. and she bathes herself every night. CHILD STUDY PROJECT 5 For the informal observation we started out playing in Macie’s room. She dresses herself every morning. In the interview with her mom. She seemed to put a lot of emphasis on her new “Baby Alive” doll. she had plenty of new “stuff” to show me. We spent much of the thirty minutes playing outside and talking about gymnastics. She came alive with great excitement. I learned that Macie is very much becoming independent. but not skinny. seven year old girl which is another characteristic of the School Years Development level. the child is becoming independent.

By doing the conservation test. She was also able to read very well and told me the story of Goldilocks almost to perfection. We then moved on to simple addition and subtraction. is the Industry vs. This is the level they develop competence. they become . If the child is encouraged and praised for accomplishments. they can perform logical operations. she was excited. During the interview with her mom I learned that Macie is at the top of her class. She is very eager to learn and does homework daily without being asked. I was amazed at the mental math she was capable of. I asked Macie to pour one of the glasses of water into a third glass that was taller and skinnier than the other two. “No. Seeing the results of the tests that were given I would say she is well within the parameters of the Cognitive Development level that she should be. she responded. according to Erik Erikson. reverse direction of thinking and understand the concept of permanence and conservation by learning volume. I learned just how smart this seven year old really is. I filled two identical glasses with water to the half way mark. can sort items into categories. Knowledge and intellectual skills develop as well as self confidence and they become more aware of themselves as individuals. it is the same as what we just poured from the other glass”. This means they should be developing their complex skills such as reading and writing. She was able to do reverse math such as 5 + 3 = 8 then 8 – 3 = 5. When asked if this glass now held more water. The Biosocial Development level Macie should be at. six to eleven year old children should be in the Concrete Operational Stage of Cognitive Development. weight and numbers may remain the same despite changes in CHILD STUDY PROJECT 6 outward appearance. When I told Macie we were going to take a couple of tests.According to Jean Piaget. Inferiority level.

the alone time noted in Observation Table 1 is probably perfectly normal due to the transition from “play” to “industrious”. So many physical and mental changes . The encouragement she receives from her teacher and parents is apparent in the effort she puts forth with her school work. Her intellectual skills were proven during the cognitive tests that we discussed previously. the adolescence years. but if they are ridiculed they become inferior. After compiling the research on the Biosocial. she will continue to get the encouragement she needs to finish out the Industry versus Inferiority stage and move into the Identity versus Identity Confusion Stage. pretty easily. Cognitive and Psychosocial Development stages performed on Macie. According to Erikson. In looking to her future development. it may actually be a sign of independence and self confidence as described by Erikson. even if she does put on two different colored socks intentionally. Predicting ten years moves us into a whole new area of confusion. She is quite industrious. loving home. Being she is now living in a stable. I actually thought the disobedience noted in Observation Table 2 was a sign of needing attention. Peer groups and family are a major influence at this level. They may express their independence by being disobedient and rebellious. the move CHILD STUDY PROJECT 7 from “play” to “industrious” sometimes make them more isolated and pulled back. however. it is comfortably assumed she will stay on track with their levels of development. Her independence is shown in her wanting to dress herself. In addition. it would be easy to assume over the next year she will continue to develop along the stages taught by Piaget and Erikson’s Developmental Theory’s.industrious. Even over the next five years. it is clear she falls well within the parameters of all the textbook teachings. Macie definitely shows many signs of being at this level.

take place during the adolescent years. They are loving and nurturing parents. golf. Overall. No matter how loving and supportive each set of parents are it still puts a burden on the child. five years and ten years. These predictions are based purely off of personal observation and from what I have learned throughout this research. soccer. she has to stay two weeks at Mom’s house and then two weeks at Dad’s. She is involved in afterschool activities such as gymnastics. which is important in the development of her social competence. to me. would have a major impact on a child going into the teenage years who is trying to find herself. my prediction is that Macie will continue to develop in all three areas of development on a normal level over the next one year. But there are many strengths that will help Macie stay on track. Her routine is disrupted each time she has to move to a different environment. This. During the parent interview it was mentioned Macie has a very structured routine on school days. She has more positive things directing her than she does negative. Her parents use what Diana Baumrind would call “authoritative parenting”. She is not only active in her church but she also enjoys going to church. Or during the summer. The only potential problem foreseen in this prediction is the fact that she is still technically being raised by divorced parents. . All of this is positive strengths that will help foster optimal development over the next ten years. Since I have no professional training my predictions are purely theoretical. They encourage Macie to be independent yet still give her limits and control her actions. girl scouts and CHILD STUDY PROJECT 8 most recently. The child is the one whose life is disrupted during a holiday when she has to spend Christmas Eve at one house and Christmas Day at the other.

. Although no one would fit every description of every level of development. Piaget and Erikson’s Developmental Theory’s are definitely visible in the real life development of this seven year old case study. my observation leads me to believe that real life child development pretty much follows the textbook knowledge. the observations made of Macie were pretty close to where the textbook says she should be.In conclusion.

and Enthusiasts: http://psychology.). Child Study Project. Retrieved February 4. Definition. psychology. February 5).Complete Guide to Psychology for ( L.). E. New York: McGraw Hill Higher Education.). from Psychology Classroom at AllPsych Online: http://allpsych. from Medical Information for Healthy Living | Healthline: http://www. (n. meaning.html Gale.html Erikson's Psychosocial Development in Psychology 101 at AllPsych Online.). Educators.childdevelopmentinfo. Description. 2011. (n. (n. (n.). 2011. Retrieved February 2.about.d. from Child Development Institute - . J. 2011.). T. 2011.htm Cognitive Development . Cognitive Development Information on Healthline. Retrieved February 4. (2008). from Child Development Institute .shtml Stages of Social-Emotional Development In Children and Teenagers (Child Development Institute). Retrieved February 7.CHILD STUDY PROJECT 9 References Cherry. K. Interviewer) Santrock. Lalonde. 2011. Retrieved February 8. Stages of Intellectual Development In Children and Teenagers (Child Development Institute).d. parenting: http://www. from Psychology . Erikson's Stages of Psychological Development. from Encyclopedia of Children's Health: Infancy Through Adolescence: Naquin. Essentials of Life-span Development. average.stages.Keeping Parents Informed on child development. Common problems. Retrieved February 5. (2011. 2011.d.d. (n. (n.

shtml .CHILD STUDY PROJECT 10 Keeping Parents Informed on child parenting: http://www. psychology.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.