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Fourth Year – Mechanical Power Eng. Dept.

First Term – 2010/2011 Internal Combustion Engines

Assignment #1

1- A 4-cylinder, 4-stroke has the following results on the test beds:


Shaft speed = 2500 r.p.m, torque arm = 40 cm, net brake load = 200 N,
fuel consumption = 2 gm/s, H.V = 42 MJ/kg, Area of indicator diagram
(Ad) = 300 mm2, pressure scale (Sp) = 80 kPa /mm, stroke=bore =100 mm,
base length of the diagram (Y) = 60 mm.
. Calculate : BP, FP, IP, MEP, ηB,th, ηI,th, and ηm

2- A 4-cylinder, 2-stroke has the following results on the test beds:


Shaft speed = 2000 r.p.m, torque arm = 50 cm, net brake load = 500 N,
fuel consumption = 5 gm/s, H.V = 46 MJ/kg, net area of indicator
diagram = 1500 mm2, pressure scale (Sp) = 25 kPa /mm, stroke=bore =100
mm, base length of the diagram (Y) = 66 mm.
. Calculate : ηB,th, ηI,th, and ηm

A 4- cylinder, 2-stroke diesel engine with 10.9 cm bore, 12.6 cm stroke -3


.produces 88 kW of brake power at 2000 r.p.m., compression ratio =18.1
,Calculate: (a) engine displacement
,b) brake mean effective pressure)
,c) torque)
,d) clearance volume of one cylinder)
e) what is the average piston speed? And what is the piston)
.speed when the crank angle θ 90 0 a TDC

A 5-cylinder, 3.5 liter SIE operates on a 4-stroke cycle at 2500 r.p.m. -4


At this condition, ηm = 0.62 and 1000 J of indicated work are produced
.each cycle in each cylinder
Calculate: (a) IMEP (b) BMEP (c) FMEP (d) Torque
:If the engine is square (S=B), Calculate
a) Specific power (hp/cm2), (b) Output per displacement (hp/cm3), (c))
.power lost to friction

5- A 1500-cm3, four-stroke cycle, four-cylinder CI engine, operating at


3000 RPM, produces 48 kW of brake power. Volumetric efficiency is
0.92 and air-fuel ratio AF = 21:1.
Calculate: (a) Rate of air flow into engine.
(b) Brake specific fuel consumption.
(c) Mass rate of exhaust flow.
.d) Brake output per displacement)
6- A small single-cylinder, two-stroke cycle SI engine operates at 8000
RPM with a volumetric efficiency of = 0.85. The engine is square (bore =
stroke) and has a displacement of 6.28 cm3. The fuel-air ratio FA = 0.067.
Calculate: (a) Average piston speed.
(b) Flow rate of air into engine.
(c) Flow rate of fuel into engine.
.d) Fuel input for one cycle)

7- A single-cylinder, four-stroke cycle CI engine with 12.9-cm bore and


18.0-cm stroke, operating at 800 RPM, uses 0.113 kg of fuel in four
minutes while developing a torque of 76 N-m.
Calculate: (a) Brake specific fuel consumption
(b) Brake mean effective pressure.
(c) Brake power.
(d) Specific power. [hp/cm2]
(e) Output per displacement. [hp/liter]
[f) Specific volume. [liter/hp)

8- A 3.1-liter, four-cylinder, two-stroke cycle SI engine is mounted on an


electrical generator dynamometer. When the engine is running at 1200
RPM, output from the 220-volt DC generator is 54.2 amps. The generator
has an efficiency of 87%.
Calculate: (a) Power output of the engine .
(b) Engine torque.
?c) What is engine bmep)

Plot dimensionless piston position against crank angle for S/2L = 0.5, -9
.0.4, 0.3, and 0.2

Obtain expressions for the piston velocity and acceleration as a -10


function of the crank angle, constant angular velocity, and S/2L ratio. Use
a spreadsheet to calculate and plot velocity and acceleration against
.crank angle for S/2L = 0.5, 0.4, 0.3, and 0.2

11- A single-cylinder four-stroke-cycle spark-ignition engine operating at


3500 rpm has a brake mean effective pressure of 1800 kPa and a
displacement of 400 cm3. Atmospheric conditions are 101kPa and 27°C.
(a) If the stroke is 6 cm, what is the bore?
(b) What is the brake power?
(c) If the mass air-fuel ratio is 16 and the fuel flow rate is 0.00065
kg/s, what is the volumetric efficiency?
(d) Compare your results with the performance of a two-cylinder
engine with the same overall geometric characteristics.
12- A four-cylinder four-stroke-cycle spark-ignition engine with 200 cm3
displacement and operating in air at 27°C and 110 kPa has a friction
power of 27 kW and a brake power output of 136 kW at 3600 rpm.
(a) What is the mechanical efficiency?
(b) If it has a volumetric efficiency of 74% and burns liquid
Methanol with 15% excess air, what is the brake specific fuel
consumption?

13- A two-cylinder four-stroke-cycle engine produces 30 brake


horsepower at a brake thermal efficiency of 20% at 2600 rpm. The fuel is
methane burning in air with an equivalence ratio of 0.8 and a heating
value of 21,560 Btu/lbm. Ambient conditions are 520°R and 14.7 psia.
The engine mechanical efficiency is 88%, and the volumetric efficiency is
92%. What are the fuel flow rate, the displacement volume per cylinder,
and the brake specific fuel consumption? What is the bore if the bore and
stroke or equal?

14- A single-cylinder, two-stroke cycle model airplane engine with a


7.54-cm3 displacement produces 1.42 kW of brake power at 23,000 RPM
using glow plug ignition. The square engine (bore = stroke) uses 31.7
gm/min of castor oil-methanol-nitromethane fuel at an air-fuel ratio AF =
4.5. During intake scavenging, 65% of the incoming air-fuel mixture gets
trapped in the cylinder, while 35% of it is lost with the exhaust before the
exhaust port closes. Combustion efficiency = 0.94.
Calculate: (a) Brake specific fuel consumption.
(b) Average piston speed.
(c) Unburned fuel exhausted to atmosphere.
(d) Torque.

:Design Problem
15- Design a six-liter race car engine that operates on a four-stroke cycle.
Decide what the design speed will be, and then give the number of
cylinders, bore, stroke, piston rod length, average piston speed, imep,
brake torque, fuel used, AF, and brake power, all at design speed. All
parameter values should be within typical, reasonable values and should
be consistent with the other values. State what assumptions you make
(e.g., mechanical efficiency, volumetric efficiency, etc).

Good Luck
Prof. Dr. Saad A. El-Sayed