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Sample Problems - Arterial Blood Gases

pH: 7.44
Respiratory alkalosis
PaCO2: 24
(chronic alveolar
HCO3: 16
hyperventilation)
BE: -6
pH: 7.38
Respiratory acidosis. PaCO2: 76
Chronic ventilation failure HCO3: 42
BE: +14
pH: 7.56
Uncompensated metabolic PaCO2: 44
alkalosis HCO3: 38
BE: +14
pH: 7.26
(Respiratory acidosis. PaCO2: 56
acute ventilation failure HCO3: 24
BE: -4
pH: 7.56
uncompensated metabolic PaCO2: 40
alkalosis HCO3: 34
BE: +11
pH: 7.44
Respiratory alkalosis
PaCO2: 26
(chronic alveolar
HCO3: 18
hyperventilation)
BE: -4
pH: 7.40
Respiratory acidosis.
PaCO2: 56
HCO3: 34
Chronic ventilation failure
BE: +7
pH: 7.44
Respiratory alkalosis.
PaCO2: 20
Chronic alveolar
HCO3: 16
hyperventilation
BE: -7
pH: 7.24
Uncompensated metabolic PaCO2: 36
acidosis HCO3: 14
BE: -13
pH: 7.52
Respiratory alkalosis
PaCO2: 28
(acute alveolar
HCO3: 22
hyperventilation)
BE: +1
Dx - heroin overdose.
Breathing - shallow, slow.
ABGs:
Acute Respiratory Acidosis
pH: 7.30
PaCO2: 55 mm/Hg
Hx/Dx: 73yo, emphysema,
labored breathing at rest.
Chronic Respiratory ABGs:
Acidosis pH: 7.36
PaCO2: 64 mmHg
HCO3-: 35 mEq/L
Hx/Dx: 77yo, anxiety,
psychosomatic origin. Rapid
breathing and slurred
Acute Respiratory speech.
Alkalosis ABGs:
pH: 7.57
PaCO2: 23 mmHg
HCO3-: 21 mEq/L
Persistent bacterial
pneumonia. Mild cyanosis
and labored breathing.
Compensated Respiratory ABGs:
Alkalosis pH: 7.44
PaCO2: 26 mmHg
HCO3-: 17 mEq/L
PaO2: 53 mmHg
80 yo with heart disease.
RX: diuretic
ABGs:
pH: 7.58
Metabolic Alkalosis
PaCO2: 48 mmHg
HCO3-: 44 mEq/L
BE: + 19 mEq/L
Serum CL- 95 mEq/L