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‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.

com‬‬

‫‪Writing‬‬

‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳـﻢ ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﳊﻴﻢ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‪ ،‬ﳓﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻼ ﻣﻀﻞ ﻟﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﻓﻼ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻤﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ‪،‬‬
‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ)‪(Writting‬‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲔ ﱄ ﺑﺎﳌﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻭﺳﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻛﻠﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺣﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﳉﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻀﻤﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻛﻠﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻻﻳﺘﺮﺩﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﺎﺗﻪ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻹﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻱ ﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺗﻴﺤﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻹﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻱ ﻳﻌﺘﱪﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺣﻠﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺇﳒﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﺎﺟﺢ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺗﺼﺒﺢ ﰲ ﻧﻈﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﳒﺎﺣﻪ ﻭﺗﻔﻮﻗﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻹﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻱ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺣﻆ ﲣﻀﻊ ﳌﺰﺍﺝ ﺍﻷﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﺢ ﻻ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻧﺎﺟﺤﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﲤﲎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﺿﻊ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺒﺬﻭﻝ ﰲ ﺇﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻫﺪﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻟﺘﻼﻣﻴﺬﻧﺎ ﻟﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺑﻌﺾ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬

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‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.com‬‬

‫‪ 1‬ﺇﺳﺘﺮﺍﲡﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻮﻕ ﰲ ﺇﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬


‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﺗﻖ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﻟﻔﺸﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﻬﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﰱ ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺒﺪﺃ ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﲢﺖ ﺫﺭﻳﻌﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺗﺬﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﻻ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺧﻮﺗﻰ ﺍﻷﻋﺰﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﺣﱴ ﳝﺮ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﲏ‪,‬ﻷﻥ ﺇﳘﺎﻟﻜﻢ ﳍﺎ ﺳﻴﺆﺩﻯ ﺇﱃ ﺗﺪﱏ‬
‫ﻣﻌﺪﻟﻜﻢ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ ‪‬ﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﳑﺎ ﻳﻌﲎ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻮﻁ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻌﻲ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻛﺎﻟﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬
‫‪COMPREHENSION‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ ‪.40‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ‪ grammar and vocabulary‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﰱ ﺍﻷﺧﲑ ‪ writing‬ﺍﻻﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 10‬ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‪.‬‬
‫ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻣﻴﺬ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺎﻭﻟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﱃ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ‪ 6‬ﺃﻭ ‪ 20/8‬ﻭﻳﻌﻮﺿﻮﺍ ﰱ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻟﻜﺴﺐ ﻭﺭﺑﺢ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻂ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ‬


‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻰ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪1‬ﻗﻢ ﺃﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻦ ‪ grammar‬ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺳﻴﺄﺧﺬ ﻣﻨﻚ ﻭﻗﺘﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﻝ ‪ grammar‬ﺳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 6‬ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻝ ‪ vocabulary‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪6‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﻉ ﻭﺍﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﲎ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﻭﻻﺣﻆ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﱴ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺳﺘﺘﻄﺒﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﻝ‪ COMPREHENSION‬ﺭﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻷﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻗﺮﺃ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻟﻌﺪﺓ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﺍ ﻟﻚ ﺻﻌﺒﺎ ﺟﺪﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ ﻭﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﻨﻘﺴﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻝ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﱃ ﻋﺪﺓ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺟﺐ ﺑﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺃﻭ ﺧﻄﺄ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻌﻄﻰ ﻟﻚ ﻋﺪﺓ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻓﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﻋﻂ ﻟﻠﻨﺺ ﻭﻗﺘﻪ ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻭﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﻛﺴﺐ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ‪writing‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ‪ writing‬ﺳﻴﻌﻄﻰ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ "‪"units 1-10‬ﺍﻟﱴ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻟﻦ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻋﻦ‬
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‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.com‬‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻃﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﲨﻞ ﻭﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﺷﻰﺀ ﺍﻥ ﻳﻌﻄﻰ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﰱ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺃﻋﻄﻰ ﻟﻚ ﰱ‬
‫‪COMPREHENSION‬‬
‫ﻷﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﰱ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺳﺘﻌﻄﻰ ﻭﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺗﺬﺓ ﺳﺘﻄﺮﺡ ﺣﻮﻝ )ﻫﻞ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻭ ﺿﺪ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻋﻂ ﺣﺠﺞ ﻭﺩﻻﺋﻞ‪).‬‬
‫ﻣﺜﻼ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﳌﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻨﺔ‪citizenship‬‬
‫ﻫﻞ ﰱ ﻧﻈﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﰱ ﺍﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻨﺔ ﺷﻰﺀ ﺍﳚﺎﰉ ﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﱮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻋﻂ ﺣﺠﺞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﰱ ﺍﻻﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺿﻌﻮﺍ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﻛﺰﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺟﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺘﺴﻠﺴﻞ ﻭﺧﺎﲤﺔ ﻣﺘﻘﻮﻧﺔ‬
‫ﻻ ﺗﻨﺴﻮﺍ ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﰱ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﻧﺸﺎﺋﻰ‬

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‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.com‬‬

‫‪ 2‬ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬


‫‪writing‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘـــــــﺔ‪1‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻﹰ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻻﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳚﺐ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﳍﺎ‬

‫‪1/‬ﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﺍ ﲝﺮﻑ ‪ Capital‬ﻛﺒﲑ ﻭﻭﺍﺿﺢ ‪.‬‬

‫‪2/‬ﺍﻥ ﺗﻀﻊ )‪ (.‬ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﻣﻊ ‪‬ﺎﻳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﲨﻠﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫‪3/‬ﺍﺑﺪﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﲜﻤﻠﻪ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﳎﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﻜﻞ ‪.‬‬

‫‪4/‬ﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪.‬‬

‫‪5/‬ﲡﻨﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻚ ﰲ ﺍﺧﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﻧﺖ ﰲ ﻏﲎ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﺴﻬﻠﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪6/‬ﺧﺼﺺ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺘﺮﻙ ﺳﻄﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪.‬‬

‫‪7/‬ﺍﺟﺘﻬﺪ ﰒ ﺍﺟﺘﻬﺪ ﰲ ﲢﺴﲔ ﺧﻄﻚ ﻻﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻄﻲ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻋﺎ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺤﺢ ﻭﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺒﲑﻩ‪.‬‬

‫‪8/‬ﺍﺑﺪﺍ ﲜﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﺗﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻫﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻳﺔ‪..‬‬

‫‪9/‬ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻑ ﺍﳌﻀﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﲡﻨﺐ ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻠﻪ ﺣﱵ ﻻ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻑ ﺍﻻﺧﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﻻﳌﻼﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫‪10/‬ﲡﻨﺐ ﲡﻨﺐ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﺼﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻴﺔ )ﻣﺜﻞ) ‪:my favourit‬‬

‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎﹰ‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‪:‬‬

‫‪4‬‬
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬

)‫ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬-)‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬1/
) ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ) ﺟﺴﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬2/
)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ)ﺍﳋﺎﲤﺔ‬3/
: ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎﹰ‬

)‫ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺗﻨﻔﻊ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻸﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻔﻴﺪﺓ)ﻛﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺜﻼﹰ‬

.‫ ﺷﻲ ﻣﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬...... ‫ﻧﺘﻔﻖ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﺍﻥ‬


We All agree that... is important things in our life
.‫ ﻟﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﺍ ﺣﻴﻮﻳﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﻳﺎﻡ‬.......‫ﻧﺘﻔﻖ ﲨﻌﻴﺎ ﺍﻥ‬
We all agree that ...has vital role nowadays.

.‫ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬.......... ‫ﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺎﳘﻴﺔ‬


We all admit the importance of .... in our life.

.‫ ﻟﻪ ﺍﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﳚﺎﺑﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬...... ‫ﻻ ﻋﺠﺐ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻗﻠﻨﺎ ﺍﻥ‬


No wonder if we say that ... has/have good positive effects on
us.

.‫ ﻳﻠﻌﺐ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻫﺎﻡ ﻑ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬...... ‫ﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻧﺘﻔﻖ ﺍﻥ‬


We all agree that ...is plays an important part in our life.
‫ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﻠﺐ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺣﻴﻮﻱ ﻑ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬....‫ﺍﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺪﻳﻦ ﻝ‬
We owe to ....which play arole part in our life.

)‫ﻟﻸﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺭﺓ )ﻛﺎﻟﺘﻠﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ‬


‫ﳝﺜﻞ ﻋﻘﻴﻪ ﻑ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﻨﺎ‬..... ‫ﳓﻦ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺮﻯ ﺍﻥ‬
We can see that ...... stands for an obstacle in the way of our
progress.
.
‫ ﺧﻄﲑ ﻭﺿﺎﺭ ﻫﺬﺓ ﺍﻻﻳﺎﻡ‬........ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﻥ‬

In my point of view, i think that .... serious nowadays

5
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬
.‫ﻣﻦ ﻭﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮﻱ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﻥ ﳚﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ ﺍﱄ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ‬

In my point of view, i think that .....bring all eveil to our


socity.

....‫ﻻﺑﺪ ﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﺤﺪ ﻭﻧﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺟﻞ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﺑﻠﺪﻧﺎ ﺿﺪ‬


We should unit.co-operate and stand shoulder for the sake of
our country against

‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻭﺑﺎﺀ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺧﻄﲑ ﻑ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ‬


is-are aserious social evil in our society.....

.‫ﻫﻲ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﻈﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻑ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬... ‫ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺷﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻥ‬


There is no doubt that ..... is one of the most dangerous
phenomena in our life.

.‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﳚﻠﺐ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﺛﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺌﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ_ﺑﻠﺪﻧﺎ_ﻭﻗﺘﻨﺎ ﺍﳊﺎﱄ_ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬

.bring us bad and negative effects in our country_nowadays_in


our life.

.‫ ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪﻧﺎ‬......... ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﳌﺸﻜﻠﻪ‬


There are various causes for the probelm of ...... in our country.
‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﳑﻜﻦ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﲨﻠﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬

On one hand‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬


on the other hand‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﺧﺮﻱ‬
addition to that ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﱄ ﺫﻟﻚ‬
Moreover‫ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ‬
Above all‫ﻭﻓﻮﻕ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ‬
At the same time‫ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬
However ‫ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ‬

6
‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.com‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘــــﺔ‪2‬‬
‫أﻗﺪم ﻟﻜﻢ أﺣﺪ ﻃﺮﻗﻲ اﻟﺸﺨﺼﯿﺔ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ إ ﻧﺸﺎء ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﯿﺰﯾﺔ ‪ .‬و ھﺬا ﻷﻓﯿﺪﻛﻢ‬

‫اﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ X:‬إﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع‬

‫‪phenomenoun = phenomenon‬‬

‫‪whate = what‬‬

‫اﻟﻌﺮض‪:‬‬

‫‪ X:‬إﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع‬

‫‪Y :‬اﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻷوﻟﻰ‬

‫‪Y1 +Y2+Y3 :‬ﺛﻼث ﺟﻤﻞ ﺗﻔﺴﺮ اﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻻوﻟﻰ‬

‫‪Z :‬اﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻟﺘﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬

‫‪Z1+Z2+Z3 :‬ﺛﻼث ﺟﻤﻞ ﺗﻔﺴﺮ اﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻟﺘﺎﻧﯿﺔ‬

‫‪T :‬اﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬

‫‪T1+T2+T3 :‬ﺛﻼث ﺟﻤﻞ ﺗﻔﺴﺮ اﻟﻔﻜﺮة اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬

‫‪...‬و ھﻜﺪا ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴﺐ اﻷﻓﻜﺎر اﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﻨﺪك‬

‫‪7‬‬
‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.com‬‬

‫اﻟﺨﺎﺗﻤﺔ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ X:‬إﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع‬

‫‪U :‬أﻛﺘﺐ ﻓﻜﺮة واﺣﺪة ﺗﻌﺎرض ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﺘﮫ ﻓﻲ ' اﻟﻌﺮض'‬

‫‪8‬‬
‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ‪torn-heart1@hotmail.com‬‬

‫‪phenomenous = phenomenon‬‬

‫و أﺧﯿﺮا ‪،‬وﺑﻤﺎ أن ھﺪا اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع ھﻮ اﻷول ﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ ھﺪا اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺪى ‪ .‬ﻟﻲ ﻃﻠﺐ واﺣﺪ و ھﻮ دﻋﻮاﺗﻜﻢ ﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﻓﯿﻖ‬

‫‪9‬‬
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬

3‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘــــﺔ‬
:‫ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ‬

‫( ﻭ‬writing) ‫ ﺩﻗﺎﺋﻖ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﳌﻄﺮﻭﺡ ﰲ ﺍﻣﺘﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬10 ‫ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﲣﺼﻴﺺ‬


‫ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻀﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳍﺎ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻨﺺ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬

‫ ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﻧﺴﺘﺤﻀﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﻴﺎ ﻛﻞ‬Mobile phone ‫ﻛﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﻧﻔﺘﺮﺽ ﺍﻥ ﻧﺺ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﻮ‬


‫ ﻣﻊ ﲣﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬mobile phone ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺏ‬

:‫ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺎ‬‫ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻀﺮ‬mobile phone ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺏ‬
‫ﺩﻫﻨﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ‬

technology /advances/mobile phone/‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬

advantages of mobile phone: 1

...shortens the distance/ facilitates communication/


enables us to know the news/ has many options

disadvantages of mobile phone:2

...traffic problem/ students use it as a tool of


cheating /communication isn't face to face

:‫ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬

‫ ﰲ ﲨﻞ ﻣﻔﻴﺪﺓ‬Mobile phone ‫ﺍﻻﻥ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺏ‬


:‫ﻛﺎﻻﰐ‬

.The world technology is dominated today by a small


number of advances

10
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬
. Mobile phone which is probably is the most popular
global in the world that because it has several
advantages

.It shortens the distance and facilitates


communication among the world

.( It enables us to know the news about our


relations (families and friends

. It has many options like taking pictures, sending


messages, listen to music, and sharing files with
friends

Mobile phone has many disadvantages which impact


on the users like when the driver's talking on the
mobile phone he can make a traffic problem which
leads to death .

.students use it as a tool of cheating

.the communication isn't face to face

:‫ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ‬

‫ﻭ ﺍﻻﻥ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﰲ ﺍﺭﺑﻊ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬
:‫ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻂ ﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬

The world technology is dominated today by a small


number of advances but, mobile phone which is
probably is the most popular global in the world that
because it has several advantages. First. it
shortens the distance and facilitates communication
among the world. Second, It enables us to know the
news about our relations (families and friends).
third, It has many options like taking pictures,
11
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬
sending messages, listen to music, and sharing files
with friends. On the other hand mobile phone has
many disadvantages which impact on the users like
when the driver's talking on the mobile phone he can
make a traffic problem which leads to death.
Moreover; students use it as a tool of cheating. In
addition to that the communication isn't face to
face.

Finally, although these disadvantages mobile phone


still more important in our daily life and which can't
be abandoned.

12
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬

‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﺰﺓ‬


subjects es and disadvantages:

Here is the first part of a composition about TV:Read it and complete the
compossition:

TV is one of the most popular ways to spend our time. Nowadays ,more
and more peopleand particularly teenagers spend twice as much time in
front of the TV than reading books or playing games outside. As far as I
know ,there is a great variety of opinions about television: some say that
it’s very useful, and the others that it’s harmful. I would like to mention
some positive aspects.
In the first place, it keeps people informed. There is news, which inform
us about the events which happeni all around the world. Besides,
advertisements on TV give us more information about the new products
and goods in the market.....................................................

subjects (2): obesity :

Obesity is considered today as a disease.Write an article to your school


magazine stating some of its causes- like bad eating habits_ and effects
and suggest some ideas to get rid of it.
subjects (3): Immigration :

A large number of Moroccan people have emigrated to Europe or


Canada.Write an article to your school magazine stating thereasons why
people emigrate and listing the problems theu may face in the host
country.
subjects (4): Working woman :

some people believe that a mother should not work.Others argue against
it.Write an article to a newspaper and consider the problems a working
mother faces and give your opinion.

Suggested essay:

Nowadays it is important for women to work outside the home


because of economic reasons.Yet; this idea is still debated by many
people. Some people argue that the family, especially small children, may
be neglected. I believe that every woman has the right to work, but she
should carefully consider the many problems she might encounter.
The major problems a working woman faces concern her children. She
must either find a reliable person to look after them or a nursery school
that the children can attend. But the big problem is that when the mother
is at work, she may worry about her children. She may wonder if they are
safe, if they are learning good values, and if her absence is hurting them
emotionally.
After a mother takes into consideration all these problems above and
perhaps other problems, she must decide if a job outside home is worth it.

I believe that in spite of all these obstacles, many mothers do work and
manage a family successfully.
13
torn-heart1@hotmail.com ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر‬
In Conclusion, it is a woman’s right to make this choice and only the
woman herself should decide this matter.
subjects (5): pollution :
Advances in technology and sicience have solved many
problems.However,they have also created new problems:The most serious
is the problem of pollution.
Write an article showing some causes of this problem and give your
opinion on how to deal with it.

Suggested essay:
Nowadays, technology has brought many conveniences to facilitate our
life.However,these same advancements in technology and science have
caused some dangerous problems. The most hazardous of all of them is
pollution.
Our land, air and water are all polluted. Perhaps the most serious threat
to our planet is the loss of the ozone layer and the warming of the earth’s
atmosphere which are due to carbon dioxide emissions from factories.
Besides, the chemicals we use for cleaning and chemical wastes from
factories go into our water systems and pollute the water we drink and
the fish we eat. They also kill much of the wildlife we need for our food.
In conclusion, these problems are growing daily because people don’t
want to change their lifestyle. People need to be educated so they will
stop damaging our planet.
Furthermore,governments should take actions to prevent individuals and
companies from harming their environment.
subjects (6): Morocco and its culture:

Morocco is very rich culturally. It has many dialects and traditions which
differ from one region to another. The more we move towards the center ,
the north, the south , the west or the east things start to change. This
difference is what makes our country attractive and a destination for
millions of tourists every year. Morocco offers numerous delicious dishes
and comfortable hotels available everywhere. Another advantage is the
suitable weather that appeals to foreign visitors from the five continents.
The Moroccan people are tolerant, generous and ready to give a helping
hand to the needy. They welcome their guests and try their best to make
their stay as enjoyable as possible.
subjects (7): Empowering women and development:

Women have for so long been likened to slaves, created just to serve and
execute men’s orders. In some cultures, they were considered as a part of
the furniture of the house. The situation is not as acute as it used to be.
However, girls in some parts of the world are still unable to go to school
because life in the countryside needs help even from children. Thus,
illiteracy is so prevailing in rural areas. It undoubtedly affects
development and prosperity. As a result, the government has launched
many campaigns aiming at fighting this problem which is an obstacle in
the integration of women in the development of the Moroccan society.
Women in all parts of the world have struggled so as to get a place in the
sun. The fruit of this hard work has been the family code. Many claim that
it’s a triumph for Moroccan women. Others, however, believe that it has
complicated things and has widened the gap between men and women..
The point is that women need more rights to be able to efficiently
contribute to the welfare of the society. For this reason, we witness today
their emergence in political parties and organizations to raise up their
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voices against gender discrimination within the same society.

subjects (8): Why do children leave school?:

Write an article to your school magazine showing some of the reasons and
the effects of this problem.
Suggested article:

One of the biggest issues that some families encounter is their children's
dropping out of school. This is due to many reasons. First, most children
who live in rural areas can't attend school regularly because it is situated
far away from where they live. Their parents also need them to help with
the housework. Another reason is that poor families can't afford to provide
their children with all what they need for school, as books and school
things are getting expensive. The problem is also due to family problems
and divorce. Children can't study when parents often have rows. In cities,
small children leave school early to go out to work and support their
deprived families. As a result, these poor kids get lost in the world of
adults. Some become addicted to smoking and drugs. Others turn to
crime. Generally speaking, they are victims of circumstances and are,
thus, often emprisoned.

subjects (9): Brain Drain:


Write a pargarph showing some of the reasons why some highly skilled
and educated people leave their countriesand what effects this
phenomenom has on the home country

Suggested paragraph:

One of the most serious issues in the world today is the brain drain
phenomenon. Thousands of intellectuals leave their native country in
search for a better life. There are many factors that breed this situation.
First, the lack of job opportunities is one of them. Moreover, the host
country offers better work conditions and ensures a comfortable life for
these new comers. This “Capital flight” as many people call it has both
positive and negative effects. It not only helps these brainy people to
improve their standards of living but it also enables them to contribute to
the development of their home country when they come back. One way to
prevent this is to offer to these people tempting salaries and opportunities
to ameliorate their potentials inside their home country.....
subjects (10): Technology :
Suggested paragraph:

Advanced technology has transformed our lives completely both physically


and morally. Every day people are assaulted by new gadgets on markets.
As a result, life is becoming more and more comfortable but complicated
as well. Unemployment is spreading because machines are taking man’s
place. Armed conflicts break out here and there due to free arm trade.
More and more refugees abandon their home land in search of peaceful
shelther. Technology is something good as long as it serves humanity.
However, when it makes a mistake, the price to pay is very high : human
lives!
subjects (11): The Internet :
Suggested pargraph:

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Many people consider the internet as one of the most important sources of
learning. It not only gives sound and picture but reading texts as well.
Besides this, it enables people of different ages to widen and enrich their
knowledge about a specific topic. The internet is a bank of information
where one can find anything he or she dreams of. Although some people
still dread using the internet, it remains a powerful and vital means of
learning............
Describe the involvement school observance of World Environment
Day
In commemorating the International Day of the Earth and the
Environment allocated secondary second half of the morning for the day
Saturday, 17/04/2010 station mission to embrace a range of
environmental activities contributed to the activation of pupils and
students in the organization and were framed from their teachers and the
various components of Directors, where he was during remind everyone
the importance of maintaining the planet and thus creating a clean
environment to ensure a healthy life for all. In order to motivate everyone
to engage in a project to create a healthy atmosphere has opened a multi-
institution works with a group of pupils and students clean the classrooms
The second group has planted some trees and flowers. While costing the
third set and frame the professors left the national anthem on one wall
organization, as well as do some murals and the municipal workers
pruned some trees, which increased from an aesthetic enterprise in an
atmosphere characterized by a spirit of citizenship and high all
participated in the success of this day of the week allocated to the land
and the environment.
Financials cris
The financial repercussions of the crisis resulting from the mortgage crisis,
which surfaced in 2007 because of the failure of millions of borrowers to
buy houses and real estate in the United States to pay their debts to
banks.
This led to a crisis for the American economy, reaching consequences to
the economies of Europe and Asia in the process of throwing out a large
number of major banks and international financial institutions.
Failed by the hundreds of billions of dollars pumped into global financial
markets to put an end to the crisis in mortgages, which has been brewing
beneath the surface, even evolved into a global financial crisis, has made
no secret of many officials fear that the global economic systems DASHES
up and its implications to many parts of the world.
Secret immigration
Morocco is among the countries that suffer from the issue of illegal
immigration in particular because of its geographical location. Illegal
immigration as a dream of William embraces Europe. And the desire to
achieve lethal to the west and other remains reflected in various regions
of Morocco in particular and of Africa generally balanced between hope
and despair. They decided to mount the vessel through death unknown.
But nuclear weapons to consider immigration dream non-confidential for
unemployed youth work and my father crossed many other reasons for
true paradise ... suicide illegal immigration side adventure of using
solutions for Tadert eliminated. And unemployment subsistence, poverty
and weak labor market and the system of social fragility and economic
reasons most important to assemble boats of death unknown.

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Brain drain
Brain drain is the departure of educated or talented persons for better pay
or jobs elsewhere
Economically speaking, brain drain means an emigration of trained and
talented individuals ("human capital") to other nations because of conflicts
and lack of opportunity. It parallels the term "capital flight" which refers
to financial capital that is no longer invested in the country where its
owner lived and earned it.
When a highly qualified professional chooses to leave his own country for
another, he does so for one or several legitimate political or economic
reasons. The loss of such bog number countries, but also to the scientific
of skilled immigrants results in huge losses that are very difficult to
compensate for even in long years to come. The brain drain is actually
affecting the economies and social structures of a country, especially the
emerging countries that. Have to do everything they can to stop this
phenomenon.
Finally, I do believe that it is the responsibility of both governments and
individuals to try harder to stop the flow of highly skilled people from their
own countries resulting in a brain drain that affects each and every
society.
Poverty
Poverty is becoming a serious problem for many countries; it affects the
whole society and delays the development of the country.
Poor families very often have health problems , because they have lot of
children , parents are unable to provide medicine for them ,also they cant
send them to school since schooling is expensive , they send them instead
to work and bring them money , so when members of society are
unhealthy or illiterate this affect the development of the country .
Poverty is a serious problem, an enemy that government should fight by
trying to make all members of society benefit from the resources of their
country and work for its development.
Working children
Child labour is one of the problems that many
countries face, there are various causes that drive children to work some
of them drop out of school in order to help their poor or sick parents
others have to work because they are orphans. In addiction some parents
are ignorant they think education is a waste of time.
Working children face a tough life; in factories and mines they work in bad
conditions no fresh air, long hours they may be injured by machines they
are also deprived of education and childhood.
Young people
Old people are more annoying by far. They are so quick to degrade and
stereotype younger people even though every group has had their
criminals and bad apples. They are rude and think they can say or do
anything to anyone without the other person having any recourse. I have
been victimized numerous times by older people and all old people can do
is keep degrading us. So I chose Young people because that has a no one
can touch me attitude, demo and think they know everything

Advances in technology
Technology is a broad concept that deals with a people’s usage and
knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects man’s ability to control
and adapt to its environment. In the last two centuries, humanity has
witnessed great technological developments that are not to be paralleled
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with any other past times in history.
To begin with, technological advances have helped people use tools and
materials that made life easier for them. To give one example, the use of
the phone and the internet has made it extremely possible to
communicate with any person on any other part of the world. Spatially
speaking, people managed to set their foot on the moon and discover
things that were in the past only myths for many of us.
For all these reasons, I believe that one has to look at the other side of
the coin and believe that technological development is double-edged. To
conclude, and as far as I am concerned, technological advances are a
major step in the development of nations and societies and it is
imperative to make good use of those developments and make it
accessible to all individuals in the world.
The advantages and disadvantages of technology
In fact, technology has changed the way we live and communicate, but at
the same time it is the reason behind many problems and phenomena in
our daily life. Mankind is grateful for technology’s benefits in different
domains. For example, with internet people can get information easily,
sending résumés to companies and booking rooms in hotels In addition,
technology has helped doctors to find cures to some chronic diseases.
Despite its advantages, people’s health is getting worse and worse
because of the fumes of factories and the smoke of cars and buses. The
most dangerous inventions are rockets and bombs which kill innocent
people and destroy everything. Moreover, workers are replaced by
machines in companies which increase the number of joblessness in many
countries.
It all comes down to saying that people must be aware of the use of
technology, since this latter aims at improving people’s life not killing
creatures.
Natural disaster
A is the consequence of when a potential natural hazard becomes a
physical event (e.g. volcanic eruption, earthquake, and landslide) and this
interacts with human activities.
Human vulnerability, caused by the lack of planning, lack of appropriate
emergency management or the event being unexpected, leads to
financial, structural, and human losses. The resulting loss depends on the
capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster , their
resilience.[1] This understanding is concentrated in the formulation : "
disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability".[2] A natural hazard will
hence never result in a natural disaster in areas without vulnerability, e.g.
. Strong earthquakes in uninhabited areas. The term natural has
consequently been disputed because the events simply are not hazards or
disasters without human involvement.
Women’s position
Nowadays, we all notice that women’s position has greatly changed in
society. Their efforts have been crowned by getting an equal position to
men in all domains.
Women could not go to school and stayed with their parents at homes.
Thus they were regarded illiterate and ignorant as well. Their jobs were
looking after their husbands, cooking daily meals and washing dishes as
machines. They were not allowed to vote and were under the authority of
men.
Everything has now changed, women have become aware of the
significance of education, and so they go to school and get good marks.
More than that, they have been appointed teachers and directresses in
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great schools. Because of their strong struggles, women can share with
men some political posts like working in courts as judges or lawyers. In
addition to that, women wear whatever they love and go to cafés as men
All in all, the marginalization of women in the past led them to suffer a lot
and live a difficult life. However, women struggled to show their existence
in society and have finally got their rights as men.
Personal values
Personal values are one of the most important things in our life. This Life
as we know it now wouldn’t be possible without personal values that
regulate it. Indeed, the more values a person has the more respect and
admiration she/he gets. For instance, people who value hard-work often
end up being the most successful. I have never known a person who
works hard and never succeeds in life. Likewise, honesty is another value
that is key to success in life. Honest people earn the trust and reliability of
others. They are valued for their honesty and truthfulness. Undoubtedly,
there is nothing more rewarding than knowing people with such values as
honesty and hard-work. With these people one can establish fruitful
relationships that are to the advantage of everyone. True to say, honesty
and hard-work are two cornerstones for a good and successful life.
Parents-children relationship
Parents-children relationship differ from one family to another. While
some parents complain that their children don't listen to them anymore,
children on the other hand complain that their parents don't understand
them any longer.
My relationship with my parents is a good one , I respect them and
understand them, the allow me to choose my friends my cloths to travel
alone and to invite friends home, however , they are very strict when it
comes to my homework or staying late out late at night .
To have a good parents-relationship is very easy thing if both parents and
children make efforts to create such a kind of relation ship.

Human rights
The concept of human rights has existed under several names in
European thought for many centuries, After the king violated a number of
ancient laws and customs by which England had been governed, his
subjects forced him to sign the Magna Carta, or Great Charter, which
enumerates a number of what later came to be thought of as human
rights. Among them were the rights of the church to be free from
governmental interference, the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit
property and be free from excessive taxes. It established the right of
widows who owned property to choose not to remarry, and established
principles of due process and equality before the law. It also contained
provisions forbidding bribery and official misconduct. The political and
religious traditions in other parts of the world also proclaimed what have
come to be called human rights, calling on rulers to rule justly and
compassionately, and delineating limits on their power over the lives,
property, and activities of their citizens. In the eighteenth and nineteenth
centuries in Europe several
Philosophers proposed the concept of "natural rights," rights belonging to
a person by nature and because he was a human being, not by virtue of
his citizenship in a particular country or membership in a particular
religious or ethnic group. This concept was vigorously debated and
rejected by some philosophers as baseless. Others saw it as a formulation
of the underlying principle on which all ideas of citizens' rights and
political and religious liberty was based.
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In the late 1700s two revolutions occurred which drew heavily on this
concept. In 1776 most of the British colonies in North America proclaimed
their independence from the British Empire in a document which still stirs
feelings, and debate, the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
Life in the countryside
Many people believe that life in the countryside is mush better than in the
city ,well they are wrong , living in the countryside is really difficult ,going
out at night , for instance , is useless since there is nowhere to go to
enjoy oneself, another thing is that when a person falls sick it is difficult to
find an ambulance to take him to the nearest hospital .another
misconception is about pollution , the countryside is not wholly clean , the
air we breathe is not as fresh as people think ,many houses are not
connected to the main sewage ,and do you know that many factories exist
in many villages
Globalization
Globalization refers to increasing global connectivity, integration and
interdependence in the economic, social, technological, cultural, political,
and ecological spheres. Globalization is an umbrella term and is perhaps
best understood as a unitary process inclusive of many sub-processes
(such as enhanced economic interdependence, increased cultural
influence, rapid advances of information technology, and novel
governance and geopolitical challenges ) that are increasingly binding
people and the biosphere more tightly into one global system .
There are several definitions and all usually mention the increasing
connectivity of economies and ways of life across the world. The
Encyclopedia Britannica says that globalization is the "process by which
the experience of everyday life ... is becoming standardized around the
world." While some scholars and observers of globalization stress
convergence of patterns of production and consumption and a resulting
homogenization of culture, others stress that globalization has the
potential to take many diverse forms.
humor
I think that the best things to relief from stress is to watch some sitcoms
or hear something funny like jokes ...person should develop his sense of
humor and he should be cool , Comic and optimistic, because some expert
of mental. Health has noted that we can't imagine going through a day
without laughter.
Humor will make every part of your life better.
It will help you trough difficult times and it will help you make the good
times even letter, also I twill attract good people and good situations to
You. So cheer up.
Citizenship
is membership in a society, community, city or town but now usually a
country and carries with it to political participation; a person having such
membership is a citizen. Citizenship status often implies some
responsibilities and duties. It is largely coterminous with nationality
although it is possible to have a nationality without being a citizen legally
subject to
a state and entitled to its protection without having rights of political
participation in it); it is also possible to have political rights without being
a national of a state. In most nations, a non-citizen is a non-national and
called either a foreigner or an alien Citizenship.
Cultural values
Groups, societies, or cultures have values that are largely shared by their
members. The values identify those objects, conditions or characteristics
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that members of the society consider important; that is, valuable. In the
United States, for example, values might include material comfort, wealth,
competition, individualism or religiosity. The values of a society can often
be identified by noting which people receive honor or respect. In the US,
for example, professional athletes are more highly honored than college
professors, in part because the society values physical activity and
competitiveness more than mental activity and education.
International organization
International Organization is a leading peer-reviewed journal that covers
the entire field of international affairs. Subject areas include: foreign
policies, international relations, international and comparative political
economy, security policies, environmental disputes and resolutions,
European integration, alliance patterns and war, bargaining and conflict
resolution, economic development and adjustment, and international
capital movements. Published on behalf of the International Organization
Foundation.
Sustainable development
Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet
human needs while preserving the natural environment so that these
needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. The
term was used by the Brandt and Commission which coined what has
become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as
development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising
the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." The field of
sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three
constituent parts: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability
and social.
Racism:
Racism or racialism is a form of race, especially the belief that one race is
superior to another. Racism may be expressed individually and
consciously, through explicit thoughts, feelings, or acts, or socially and
unconsciously, through institutions that promote inequality between races.
In the 19th century many legitimized racist beliefs and practices through
scientific theories about biological differences among races. Today, most
scientists have rejected the biological basis of race or the validity of "race"
as a scientific concept. Racism, then, becomes discrimination based on
alleged race. Racists themselves usually do believe that humans are
divided into different races.
There are two main definitions of racism today. One of them states that
racism is discrimination based on alleged race; the other - newer - one
state that racism has started to include also discrimination based on
religion or culture.

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‫اﻟﻔﮭﺮس‬

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