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Sistemlerde Entalpi Değişimi Test-3

Sistemlerde Entalpi Değişimi Test-3

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Yayınlayan: Bülent Bağcı

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Published by: Bülent Bağcı on Feb 20, 2011
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11/06/2012

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{,ilnfte2. Etl.

j*
ffi

I (

Sts1-ern tgab6
14. ft

Et tl* t-pi
+ 2Coz(g) 3Hro(s)

bE3?siu
'13. N t-J

,'_J
7l

I l.e ls

st -3

S a b i t b a s r n qa l t r n d ag e r c e k l e s e nb i r d e o i g i m d es i s t e m e 1 8 3 j o u l e r s r v e r i l d i 6 i n d es i s t d m 4 8 i o u l e ' l i ki 9 y a p m a k t a d t r . Buna gore, sistemln ig eneril degigimini hesaplaytntz'

crHuoH(s) + 3o2(s) -+

+ * c4H10(s) ]1 or(s) ----+ 4CO2(g) SHrO(s) 27'C altlnda cirg 1 yanmatepkimesi atmosler basrnq de gerqeklegiYor'
Mad99. . 1 '' 1^ r\o ) v H. 0 v/ Molar Olugum Entalpisi (kJ/mol) -128'0

ye t e p k i m e s i ng o r e .9 , 2 g r a m C T H T O H ( s ) t e r i n c e e qtkgirdiginde oksijenle tepkimeye 275,2kJ tstaqtga maKtadir, C(k)+ O2(9)----) Cc2(s) lH = -393'5kJ

S i s t e m e o r t a m d a n r s r v e r i l d i g il q i n Q o = * 1 8 3 i o u l e , S i s t e m t a r a fI n d a n i 9 y a p r l d l g ri q i n w = + 4 8 j o u l e d i r ' Buna gore, ig eneriiCe$iqimi' Op =,\U + w formultinden, 183= AU + 48 ,rU = 135 joule dir.

Hrtgl . lOrrg) -2

, H2O(s) \H = -289kJ

co2(s) H20(s)

-zbo.+

ve verildi!inegdre, tepkimeleri tepkimersrlarr 2c(k)+ ;oz(s; ---r + 3H2(9) c2H5oH(s)

yukarrdaki gibi maddelerin olugma entalpileri entropi liJuOun" gore, iepkime sonrasr ortamtn degigimi kag J/K dir? A) -28,86 D) 9,62 B) -19,24 c) -s'62

tepkimeslninAH deoeri kag kJ dlr? = (CzHsOH 46 gimol) C) -386,4 Al -278,0 B) -324,6 E) +386,4 D) +278,0

E) 1e,24

Bilelik C2HTOH(s) cor(o) H2O(s)

OlugmaEntalpisi(kj/mol) -274 -3e4 -286

14. N

Slcakhk +1

ASsistem -22,30

ASg"ur" +22'O5

Yukarrda verllenolugmaentalpilerine 96re, + CTH.OH(s) 0O2(9)-+ 2cO2(9)+ 3HrO(s) stvrsryaktldr!rnda agr!a 23 tepklmeslnde gram CTHTOH grkan enerlikag kl dir? (C = 12,H = 1, O = 16)

D t 15.
Madde caHs(s) MuilakEntropi(S') (J/mol.K) 270,3 213,7 69,9 205'1
'|

o
{

-21 ,es
-t1 Aq

+2l'9e
+21.93

atmosfer dlq baslnqta; H2O(s) -+ H2O(k)

R

c02(s)
HrO(s) o2(s)

entropi degigimi deligimine iligkin farkh stcakltklarda yukanda verilmi$tir' vanlt$' Buna g6re, agalrdaki yargrlardan hangisi ttr? A) istemli gerqeklegen degigimlerde ASrirl". + r\Sgsvre

hesaplayaltm. AH Tepkimenin de$erini - AHgirenter AH = AH6ri1n1", + 6n = [z.nH"er1sl 3.AHHro(s)][oH"r"uo"1rJ aH = [2.(-ss+)+ 3.(-286)] F27B) AH = -1368 kj olarakbulunur. gore yandr!rnda Tepkime denklemine 46 gramCTHuOH(s) yandrgrklrf gdre23 gramCTH'OH(s) rna 1368 rsragrga kl gtkar. lrnda 684ki rsragrga

Yukandaverilen mutlak entropi de!erlerlne gdre, 3co2(g) + 4H2O(s) caHs(s)+ so2(9) ------+ mutlakentropidegiqimi(AS') kagJ/K tepklmesinin dir? C) -122,3 B\ -244,6 A) -375,1 E) +267,7 D) +244,6

Pozitif olmaltdtr. B) -1'C de degigim istemlidir' olC) 0"C de erime ve donma olaylan kendiliginden maz. D ) + 1 ' C d e e r i m e o l a y r i s t e m l id e g i l d i r ' E) 0'C de sistem dengededir'

Bag
N=N H-H N-H

Bag Enerilsi(ki/mol)
946 436 389

9.

c

co2(g) + 2Hro(g) AH=-210kkal cHo(g)+ 2or(s) --+ AH=-480kkal + +60r(9)-r4CO2(q) aH2O(g) C4Hs(S) ve tepkimeleri AH delerleriverilmigtir. takanqtm 0,5 gazlartndan olugan mollUk CHove CoHu 159 yif mariren rtOrgrnda kkalrsraqrla glkmaktadrr' nun mol saytstkagttr? Buna g6re, oluganH2O(g)

15.

SerbestEnerii
Madde (AG 'kJ/mol) +bJ -394 -300

Yukarrda verilen ba! enerjilerlne gtire, N2(g) + 3H2(o) --) 2NH3(s) tepklmesinin entalpl de!igimlni (AH) hesaplaytntz.

R

CS2(s) co2(s) so2(s)

A )2 , 2

B)1,8

c) 1,4

D)1'2

E )0 ' 8

Tabloda verilen Gibbs serbest enerii delerlerine gore' csr(s) + 302(9) -> cot(o) + 2so2(s)

Tepkimeyi ballarr gOstererek yazarsak, -+ 2.H-N-H olur. N=N+3.H-H

'l
bag bao AH= Xkrrrlan -I olusan -H)] ^ H= k N= N )+ 3 .( H- H ) l- l r . ".(N
+ 6 f l = ( 9 4 6 3 . 4 3 6 )- ( 6 . 3 8 9 ) LH=2254 -2334 bulunur. 6fl = -40 kJ olarak

g

10. reroo(k) + Co(g) -+ 3Feo(k)+ CO2(9)aH=+39kJ + Fe.O3(k) sCO(g)-+ 2Fe(k)+ 3Co2(9)^H=-28kJ AH=-€OkJ + + 3Fe2o3(k) CO(g)-+ 2Fe3Oa(k) CO2(9) tepkimeleri ve tepkimelerininentalpi deliglmleri gdre' (AH)billndlSine + FeO(k) CO(g) -+ Fe(k) + CO2(O)

harcandrlr andaki tepkimesinde15,2gram CS2(s) serbest eneriide6igimikaq kJ dir? ( c = 1 2 ,s = 3 2 ) c) -54'2 B) -185,8 A) -211,8 E) -27'1 D) -46,4

gram Fe(k)olugtu!u andaki grire,'11,2 tepkimesine hangisidir?(Fe = 56) rsr deligimi agalrdakilerden A) 1,7kJ tstagtla gtkar. B) 3,4kJ rsraqt!agtkar. C) 3,7 kJ lst harcantr. D) 3,4kJ lsl harcanlr. E) 17kJrsragtla9tkar.

25'C bilesiklerinin ve 1 atmosterve 20. BaCO"(k) BaO(k) -1 srrasryla 138'9 enerjileri oluqum dekiGibbsserbest n -528,4 kJ/moldtrr. ve b BaCo3(k) '-+ Bao(k)+ Co2(9) standarlserbesteneriide6igimi(AG') tepkimesinin nin zf o,t fl otdugunagore CO2(9) standartserbest (AGr" ka9 kJ/mol d0r? olugum enerJisi ) c) 276'2 B) -394,4 A) -1667,3 E) 1667'3 D) 394,4

c

6.

* 2FeO(k) 1Or{O) +

FerO3(k) ^H = -794 kJ

Verilentepkime denklemive AH degerinegdre, normafkogullarda 2,24litre02 gazrharcandt0tnda agrla grkanrsrkag kJ d0r? A )7 9 , 4 B ) 1 1 s , 1 C ) 1 5 8 , 8 D ) 1 e 6 , 4E ) 2 3 8 , 2 11.

Bag
C-H O=O n-u

R
B. h n lsr srfasr 2,OgkJl"Colan bir kalorimetre sistemindL 0,2 mol X gazryakrldrgrnda srstemin srcakltgt 10'C artmaktadrr. yanma rsrsrkag kJ/mol dtir? Buna gcire,X gazrnrn A) -104,5 B) -209,0 C) -52,2s D) +104,5 E) +209,0

(kJ/mol) Bad enerJlsi 414 494 r> 707
coJ

16.

2c(k) + oz(s) -+ 2co(s) c(k) + o2G) --) co2(g)

oH = -!? ,kkil AH = -s4 kkal

c=c

347

V

uL tepkimeleri 'ru 0"5"'t"'i verilmigtir' 4'48-litre hacim Buna g6re, normal koqullarda yanarakCo2 gazlna rafr"y-ancO gaztnlntamamen agrla glkar? ddniigmeslslraslndaka9 kkat rst A)-13,6 B)-€,8 c)3'4 D )6 ' , 8 rirs',o

gtire' Yukartdaverilen ba! enerlisi degerlerlne + c2H4(g) 3o2(o) ---r 2Co2(9)+ 2Hto(g)

tepkimesindeAH delerl kag kJ dir? c) -1216 B) -7e4 Al -2O2s E) +2023 D) -346

C a C C a ( k ) .3 9 4 k J / m o l dur. H = l ) A) s.1 .C a O ( k ) v e C C .1 14 B) +71 C) +57 D) -s7 E) -1 14 12. l. Ortalama bag Bag eneriisi (kJ/mol) 619 :4/ B 8. S(k.€ 0 4 v e . 1 gram XrY stvtstnt tamamen buharlag' ttrmak lgin verllmesl gereken eneril agadldakilerden hangislnde do!ru olarak g6sterllmi$tlr? ( x = 1 . t.--+ 2CO2(g) 2HrO(s) + + tepkimesinin muilakentropidegigimi(aS. As>0 ll. ve 2. 1 3 0 .8 c) 1. 0. l .. 1 8 J / g ' c .b 2a^ . so2(s) * 1or{o) -+ tepklmesinln deSeri tH kag kJ dir? A) -862.. 22. l\z ------n Hr(g) ct2(o) + 2HCr(g)r\H= -165L.-242 kJlmol oldugunagore.296.Y = 1 6 ) tepklmesininAH deleri kag kJ d0r? A) +. y ve z yerine yaztlacaklar aga!rdakilerden hangisinde do!ru olarak gdsterilmigtir? xyz A) B) C) D) E) Gaz Katr Gaz Srvr Srvr Srvr Gaz Katr Katr Gaz Katl Srvr Srvr Gaz Katr 19.s6 E) 0. \ Y Bilegik c2H4(g) co2(s) HrO(s) olugma lsrsr(kJ/mol) +52 -3s3's -286 5.pi dedisimi. lll. 7. D) |velil E) ilveill I'l 18.r- C2H4(S) dn molar yanma rsrsr.H bagrnrn 11.(g) + No(s) 2H2o(s) tepkimesinin standart entalpi deligimi -1 12. yararlanarak. Buna gdre 350 gram suyun srcaklrllnr i0.\H = 57 kkal A) 263 D) 614 B) 43s E) 682 c) 512 D) ll ve lll E) l. + or(g) + Sooig.xrv1sl ^H = a kJ tH = b kJ A f\ 2x2(s) + Y2(g) -----. 36 D) ::---: ' 18 Da th -. Buna gcire. so2(s) + s(k)+ o2(g) so3(g) il.2 t-tr1g)1o. katrlmasr H2 sonucu etiten (H.s D ) 12 s 6 E ).tot + ]or(s) .1 B) HrO(s) yerine HrO(g) olusursaagt!a gtkan azaltr. l l v e l l l D)ll ve lll D) 0. C u-n 837 otl 414 H -H 434 7. y e t e r i n c eH 2 i l e t e p k i m e y eg i r e r e k N H 3 ( 9 ) o l u g u r k e n2 c k J t s t a q t o a q t k a r ./ 8. CzH4(g) sO2(9).-.1 Hro(g) ----+x. 7- Hrrg) lorto) + -zH2tol* lor1gl -+ H2o(x)\H= -Qr Hro(y) = -e2 aH Hro(z). ll ve lll 15. -18. S C 2 ( 9 ) n i n o l u s U m ua k z o t e r m i k t i r . 2a-b 4.\H tepklmeslnin degeri-12. So3(s) -'.oH(s) aH = -48 kkal + CO(g) 2H2(9).9 kJ E + 2. CaCO3(k) + CaO(k) + CO2(S) 5. HH 'll .| kJ olduluna gcire.--+ 2co2(s)+ Hro(s) f .a k J d i r . H I H-C-H I +2 O. 1 kJ dir. 6. C ) C O n u n m o l a r y a n m a e n t a l p i s i. aqagtdakilerden hangisi yanhltrr? A ) N H 3 u n o l u E m a e n t a l p i s i. SO2(g) nrn molar o{ugma ?ntaipisi.H 414 Yukarrda verilen 1.28 .7. tepkimeyle ilgili olarak. Bag Ortalama Bad eneriisi (kJ/mot) ^. t e p k i m e s i n i n\ H tepkimesinin standart serbesl enerli degi$iml (AG) kag kJ dir? A) 1s8 B) 132 C\ 124 D) 82 E) 66 Yukandaki tabloda verilen ortalama bad eneriisi de0erlerine gdre. D ) 2 m o l N . + 296.lH>0. ifadelerinden hangileri do!rudur? A) Yalnrz ll B) Yalnrz lll C) | ve ll H-C=C-H HH !l-H + H-C-C-it ll HH . No2(s) + so2(g) + so.As>0 kolullarrndan hangileri ile sa!lanabilir? (fH = fnls. ) (J/K.2x2Y(s) Yukandaverilentepkimedenklemleri AHde!erve lerlne gtire. n . lll. CHaOH srvrsrnrn molar buharlaSma tstsl kag kkal dir? A) +18 B) +9 C) +3 D) -g E) -18 3.2 gram HrO(s) elde edilmesi kag kJ rsragrla grkar? (HrO = l8 g/moi) srrastnda A) 1411 B) 846. Buna96re.2 mol Hzso4(suda) harcanmrgtrr.tH<0. 2NO(g) + O2(g) '-_+ 2NO2(S) l.4 l. c2H2(s) * ior. f) Ba! tUrii lb Ortalama bad enerjisi (kkat/mot) 98 It o 111 118 A 12. t r j r u n l e r i n l u g m a e n t a l p i l e r it o p l a m t g i r e n l e r i n k i n o den bUyriktrir. CO2(S) nin molar olugma entalpisi -a kJ dir.-393.6 B) 2. c52(s) + 302(9) -'----+ entalpi de!igimleri hangilerinin lepkimelerinden (AH)hesaplanabilir? ll C) | ve lll I B) Yalnrz A) Yalnrz E )I . l. l l . Tablodaverilenoluqma tstlartndan 2Co2(9) + 2Hro(s) c2H4(s) + 302(9) ------+ tepklmeslne1ile.42 kJ rsr agrla grktrlr anda.nl . c = 1 2 . eneriisi kag kJ/mol dtir? H . N2(g) + 202(9) ___+ 2NO2(O) tepkimelerinden efpaz hangllerinin entalpi deler_ lerinin bilinmesi yetertidir? A) Yalnrz ll B) yatnrz lll C) I ve tl D) | ve lll E) I. )ka9J/K dir? A) -426 B) -267 C) _141 D) 141 E)267 tepkimesinin JH delerinin hesaplanabilmesi igin.n 2O5 214 7e \- A) -390 B) -168 v 4. CO2(g) HrO(g)nunotugmaentatpiteri ve slrasryla227.6 c) 564.4 E) 141.9 kJ/mold0r. H 2 S O 4 ( s u d a )+ 2 N a O H ( s u d a ) + N a r S O o ( s u d a )+ N 2gD I) Madde c#/gt 02 co. aS = g[1160.C artrrmak lgln yakrlmasr gereken C2H4(g) k8Q gramdrr? ' ( c s u= 4 .1463 kJ/mol dur. oejigimty Verilen ortalama ba! enerjilerine grire.mot) . Buna gtire.b ".7 c .5.2 gram HrO(s) olugmugtur.\H= +24zkJ X2(9) + ]vr{o) ------. i g 1 n i n G j b b s s e r b e s t o t u s s u m e n e r l i l e r r r r a s r y l a . s co2(g) + 2Soz(9) lll.S(k) 9 o.rH= -Qs c D) 282. 2a-b o) 2 E) 2a . R. SO3(g) SOz(9) * ]Orror zlt.s B) -12s6 C) a62. i f a d e l e r i n d e n h a n g i l e r i d o g r u d u r ? ( H 2 O = 1 8g / m o t ) A) Yalnrz if e l Y a t n r zi l t C) | ve tl Yukandaverilenmullak entropl (S') delerterlnl kullanarak. Sor(9) ve Co2(9)nin molaroluima rsrlarl bilinmektedir.C=CH2) elde edllmesineait tepkimeninAH deoeri kagttr? A) -s82 Dl 226 B) -246 E) 246 C) -168 * H2(s) ]orrst - H2o(s) = -b kJ rH N2(g) + sH2(9) ------+2NH3(g) hH = -c kJ Yukarrda verilen tepkimelere g<ire. 2xy3(s) + 2xyz(9) + y2(9) c-H C=O o-H O=O tepklmesinin tiim srcaklrklarda istemli otmasr. asetilene (CH=CH). \ Hd e g e r l e r ib i l i n m e k t e d i r . d e Q e r i9 8 .AH>0. . 2HrO(g) 2Ct2(9)--+ + +nCt(g) O2(g) + Buna g6re. tr - co(s)* lor{o) ----+co2(g) r\H=-a kJ a Verilen ortalamaba! enerjilerineg6re.(q) HrO(s) Muilak Enrropt(S.1 1 0 4 . 9 k J d i r . C2H2(S). r\S<0 ill.(o) + * Yukarrda v€rilen tepkimelerde agtla grkan rsrlar arasrnda Qz t Qr > Ql iligkisl olduluna gore. So2(g) * * o r . Buna gdre. 1. . D -+ co(g) + 2H2(9) + CH3OH(S) cH.{ot + + kJ so3(g) 395.g 1 0 .O _+O=C=O+2 H_O_H A) yalnrz I D)tvelt B) yalnrz ll E)tve[l C) yatnrz ltl _tepkimesinin entatpi (AH) deleri kag kkal dlr? C) _7o D) +168 E) +390 1 4 . E). x. ll. ll ve lll D t e p k i m e l e r i n i n . I kJ dir. cs2(s).

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