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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.

notebook

Chapter 13:
Probability and
Data Analysis

Lesson 13.1

Objective: To determine probabilities of simple


events and find the number of outcomes in a
sample space.

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

Outcome: a possible result of an experiment

Event: an outcome or a collection of outcomes,


such as rolling an odd number

Sample Space: a complete list of all possible


outcomes of a random experiment

Example 1:

You flip a coin twice. How many possible outcomes are


in the sample space?
List the possible outcomes.

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

Example 2:
You flip a coin and roll a number cube.
How many possible outcomes are in the sample space.
Draw a tree diagram to show all the possible outcomes.

Probability of an event:

a measure of the likelihood or chance that the event will occur.


Probability is the number from 0 to 1 that can be expressed as a decimal,
fraction or percent.

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

Theoretical Probability:
when all outcomes are equally likely
Example: flipping a coin or rolling a number cube

# favorable outcomes
Theoretical Probability =
total number of outcomes 

Example 3: (find theoretical probability)

You and your friends designed T-shirts with silk screened emblems, and you are selling the T-shirts to
raise money. The table below shows the number of T-shirts you have in each design. A student chooses a
T-shirt at random.

Gold Emblem Silver 
Emblem
Green T­Shirt 10 8

Red T­shirt 6 6

a) What is the probability the student chooses a red shirt?

b) What is the probability the student chooses a shirt with a gold emblem?

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

Example 4: 
You toss a coin and roll a dice. What is the 
probability that the coin shows tails and the 
dice shows 4?

Experimental Probability: based on repeated


trials of an experiment.
The number of trials is the number of times the
experiment is performed

Experimental Probability =  # of successes
   # of trials 

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

Example 5

A bag contains one blue, one green, one yellow, and one red ball. A ball is drawn at random
from the bag and then replaced. The table shows the results for 24 drawings. For which
color of ball is the experimental probability the same as the theoretical probability?

Blue   Green  Yellow   Red
  4          6          9          5

LESSON 13.1 B
Objective:  To find the odds in favor or 
the odds against of events occurring.

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

The odds of an event compare the number of favorable and


unfavorable outcomes when all outcomes are equally likely.

Odds in Favor: Number of Favorable Outcomes
Number of Unfavorable Outcomes

Odds Against: Number of Unfavorable Outcomes
Number of Favorable Outcomes

Example 1 
 In a bag there are 3 green marbles, 4 blue marbles, and 2 red marbles.

a.) What are the odds in favor of choosing a green marble?

b.) What are the odds against choosing a blue marble?

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

Example 2  
Using a standard deck of playing cards:

a.) What are the odds in favor of choosing an ace?

b.) What are the odds against choosing a diamond?

More Practice with odds

a.) What are the odds in favor of landing on red? 

b.) What are the odds against stopping on purple?

c.) What are the odds in favor of landing on green and red? 

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Algebra 1, Lesson 13.1.notebook

HOMEWORK