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Pe'1eH3uja u nozoeop ,Up Caaa BYKOBHIl

HatlpT xopuue u TeXH.U'IK:O ypebelbe BpaHKo PHCTHIi

npllB CPO

H3iJaeQ'tU

HPHO CBET ROCT, H3,llaBaQKa nenaTHOCT KparyjeBaIl, nelbHHosa 66

KADEHHFi - H3,lla8aQKa YCTaHoBa Cpncxe npauOCJlaBHe

enapxHje IIIVMa.[UofjcKe

MapwaJIa Tara, 67

KparyjeBaU

3a U30QeQ'Ie

Ilasne FiHPOBHlit napexrop H

Enacxon wYMa.D.HjcKH Casa

mTaMna

reo Huxona H~f(OIlUh, KparyjeB81l M. faJeBHtia, 1

fllplUK 1500

II Q1laJIII (ptJQDJIrHTl

3Ha'laj npaBOCnaBHC ~KBe y npOWJIOCTIl Hapol. H au ~ BeJUtK. - QHa je CKOPO XHJbaAY rOAHHa. cse AO XI . rOl060 j(:IlUHU HocHnau H npeACTaaHHK apOCBtlllt, na je DOC:

H cse rnasue OCHOtie aa KyJlWYPHU nporpec. WTa BHIU. HOrtl npeACTaBHHlJ.H theHH, Y npOWlIOCTH, nOKaaaJlH cy H perKe 'U.A .... MamCKf crrOCO()HOCTH Y aOJlUmU~KUM H ilP'JICfl8HUM noeao... 80 H [asa ecmetucna oceltal6Q y KI6UXeBHOcmu H ),MemHot .. ". c.y npno MHorH (jHnH OAnH'IH" potJoJlly6u. HeceCSH'tHH "7ft •• _,.. ~BeCHIf 3Ha'taja H OArOBopHOCTH caora nono)l(lja, Te He~Vt1rp.tWI" aperaouu, ca CTBapanaLft!HM HAeanH8MOM, HI caRMa non. Nor >KHBOTa. 11 noaaiaaure tbHXOaa [e aacnyrl. W CH3}1(HO H3rpa~eHa, paa8Kje"a H O'lYBaHa HQ'4UDHGJlHG t.~ew ..... aaiuer. xao It HeOJl,OJbHBa T~)f(fba fberOBI 81 c1I080.

tbel-be.\\ ... - 3aTO MHOre nolase npOIUJlOCTH II C:8AiIWIIU.q 1_

Mory Ao6po cxsaheue It OI,eJbeHe 6aTH, CIMO y .0lI0II .. _ ft a-

"cUbe H HapOAHe upxseae npOWJlOCTH.

Y ODOM YV eHHKY, - 1(0jH je, 0 H joui 1914. r't Tr .. aa tltera y rnaBKO y npenrosopy XpuW"OHrKt npa.o ./laiN npBH nonyura], na ce y I(PITKOM ""rllll1 .... ,~

CaOaUlHtf fmal6t 14eAOKYUHe nptllIDCIftY/jrt C •••

aa)f(Hor 'IIttl"Olia Y )f(HBOTY Hage,.. _."

BOj, nopen nOBIIIT" Y.II

4.':aM H H~Orij lit H

"-, ...

nPEArOBOP.

CA,llP>I<AJ

CTP"1f1l

nPE,ltfOBOP . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . VII.

nPBI1 ~EO.

CTapa Cpncxa UpKBa.

nPEr JlEtl . Tao JlI xPHurRAHcTBO' .' .'. '. ~

I. MHorosOW npeo ypeljea,e H8WHX npeJJ;aKa aa EallKaHy

I. C~~6a :). _ 2. Crapa aepa (c. 4-5). -. ~ WHpetbe (c I:;; . albe XpHlliliaHcl'sa (c. 5 7). 4. Ilpsa H YTBPIJ~~ sa (c 7-8). - 5. OxpHJJ;cKa ApxHenHCpnc~a 6P~-II). - 6. Tparona MHoro6owTBa (c. ~~on~~). {~ 7. CB. CHMeYH MItPOTOlfHBH (c. 13-· 15).

I<O-nEllCKa APXI1En£1CKOnHJA (1219.-1346.) 15 11. ~~~. Casa H fberOB npaa pa~ (c. 15--17) .. - 2. Ca-

CT npaeoCJJ Cpncxe UpKBe (c. 17-20). 3.

MOCTaJlHO _. .. ( 20 21)

C .. C Caae u cnarsaaas-e rena c. - .

4.Mh~BHB~aCJJeJlHHUH CB. Cane (c. 21-'24).

nEnCt<A nATPMJAPWI1JA (134~i-1~9.) . . 0 • 24

JlI'l n OfJlaWelbe Ilapcrsa H naTpHJapwHJe (c. 24-25).

. _P 2. Ype~efbe Cpn. Ilpkse aa llywaHa (c. 25-27).

_ 3 OxpHAcKa ApXJ1eOHCKomfja (c. 21-28). - 4. npo~neTcT8o (c 28 ........ 31). 5. npOna,llafbe cpnes AP>Kae. caMOCTallHOCTH (c. 31--32). - 6. npOOIA ..

cpn, ~pKBeHe caMo.cTaJJHUcTH. (c. 32-34). 7.

.OKlronB'fKa QPXBa Y C,,(5HPt (c. 34--37), 8. 0-

CIHCKa l\pf{Ba (c. 37 42) r 9. MaH8cTHpH H K n

'epa (c. 42 50) 10 XMJlaHA8p H Ca. 0

50--53). II llpocsera H KfhH)f( "OCT ( rM--IIIII.

12 pIa HI )'M THOCT (c. 7 )

.. -~.. A noJ,\ OXPHJl K M ;:'~r:''' .... I~.r'':I''''_

I 1~57).

K TDJlIJ.DW ••

3. Cpn~ka QPKBa DOl Ty!jOM ynpa8QM (c. '7~78.

- 4. Ilpaa paCeJbaBalha (c. 78). -- 5. CpncKII Ae ..

I.:nOTH y CpeMY, CnaBoHHjH H YrapcKoj (c. 78-80) --- 6. Ilpaa Cpn, Ilpxaa nOA yrapcKoM BJlawtly (e 80-82). - 7. Ilpocaera H KIbH)I(eBHOCT (c. 82-85).

V. OSHOBlbEHA nETtCI<A nATPHJAPWHJA(t557.-1766.) 85

I. l..\pKBeHo oCJIo6o~elbe (c. 85~86). - -. 2. PaA DarpHjapaxa JI enacxona aa nOJUtTH'tKOM ocnotSo1;elhY (c 86-87). - 3. Teosparcxa vnpaea neitcKHx narpa[apaxa (co 81-90). 4. nOHOBHO nponaAaa,e nellCKe narpHjapwHje (c. 90-93). - 5. CpncKH caeTH Te1bH (c. 93-96). - 6. Ilpaa Cpn. U.PICBa "1 XpaaT CKOj (c. 96-98). - 7 PUM H CpncKa.QpKBa (c. 98- 100). - 8. MaHacTHpH (c. 100-103). - 9. Ilpceaera H KtMl)I(eBHDCT (c. 103 --lOS).

VI. ern ~PKBA nos ~APHrpAACI{OM nATPHJ p,

WHJOM (1766.-1912.) " .... . I 5

1. J].pyro YKHAatbe Ilehcxe naTpHjapUlHjt: (c. 105-1 ) - 2. OXpHJlCl<a ApxHenHcKonaja H tbeHO YK ••• (c. 106-101). -- 3. <t>aHapHoTM y CpncKoj L\pKBR ( 107-110).

APyrH AEO.

Caapemeua CpOCK

nPEr J1EA . . . . . . . .' . 1 ,

I. CpnCKA ~P}{BA y R ~BO)U1HH, JlA

BATCKOJ . . . . .. .

a) tlpotunocm : I CeotSa II nOBJlaCTHQ HII"IJ. ••

lI4-115). - 2 Ilpao LlpKReHO YP .\BIa~"".

(17). 3. >l<1I80T HapoA8 ( 117 t

~pKBe (c. 11 12) .

~pf(lieHO-H8poAHH CaOIODiI

pHMoKaTon. H

129). 7 lnftl'.AI,.

tS) CadawHlo III. Yaltll ...

HICTHpa I - .. IJ

138 I

_ 3. eaJloynpaBa R HeS8BHCHOC'l (C. 150-152) ~'-' 4. npoCseTa H f(~H)f(eBHocT. (c,. I ?2-154). _: 5 l.(PKB3 Y Mahe~OHIJJH H Crapo] Cp6HjH (c. 154-156)'

(J) CaoaUObocm: - I. Ype~efbe (c. 157-]58). - 2~ HeDpaaocnasH3 Y'fen,3 (c, J 58). - 3. MaHacTHPIf ( 158-159). - 4. Ilpocsera B KtLH)J(CBHOCT (c. 159-160)'

IV. cpnCJ{A LtPKBA Y J.tAJlMAUHJH 11 SOQH I<a.:

TOpeKO) . . . . .. 160

a) npomAOCrIl: - 1. no'!( YrPHMa., TYPQJfMa H Mne~lt~ IiHMa (c. 160-16J). - 2. YHHJ.a1ielLe (c. 161---163) - 3. no~ «PpaHUysuMa H AycTpHJaHQIfMa (c. 163-166)'

6) ConawltJocar: - I. YpeteJbe (c. 166-167). -- 2:

MaHacTHpa (c. 167). - 3. Ilpocaera H ktblf>l<eOHOCT (c. 167).

V cpnCI<A ~PKBA Y EOCHH 11 XEPL{ErOBHHM

. a) npo(JJllocm: - I. nOA TYPL{QMa (c. 167-169) __ 161 2. no~ AYCTPHjOM (c. 169-170).

6) Cadaumocm : - I. Ype~elbe (c. 170 -172). - - 2 MaHacTHpn (c. 172). - 3. Ilpocaera H KtbHiKe f'-' HOCT (c. 172).

VI, CpnCKA ~PKBA Y AMEPI1I..JJI . . . . . . . . 17'1.

~O,lJ;ATAK.

I. CpnCKA UPJ<BA 3A CBETCJ{Or PAT A

2. PYCKA UPKBA Y CPEVfJJ.1 .

3. CTATMCTHYKH npErAE~

KPATHQE ...

6HSJlHOfPAcJ»J1IA PErHCTAP ...

HcnPARKF. .

norosos H KPATAt< nPErJJEll

OTOtbHX nor A '&AJA (llp Caaa BYKOBHh)

. .

· 173

· 175 176

· 179

· 180 197

· 221

. .

nPBH AEO.

CTAPA CpnCKA UPK

nPErnEll.

Ilperua HaWH npHMaJlH cy Xpaurhaacran AOCTa caopo _ ].1CTHHfl, fbUX Belt OA xpaia VIII. B. cMaTpajy XpaW1UUIlIfU .... ynpaBO TeK 0,[1. HeMafbe H CB. Caee MO)l(e ce pelia. AI Je Hac saapureaa 6op~a H3Me1jy MHoro(ioWTBa • X,BIllli&BC:t- .... C8. Caaa je oprauaaoaao npBY caMOCTaJlHY CpnCKY rierue >Kull1(a, AOl.(HHje ne1tclta ApxueaUCKollJ4ja. .Ayw paUJHpHO je CHa>KHO rpauaue theBe H DOANNO joj yrn

H .. l'lM ,lJ.06HBa OHa H "Me Ilampujaptuuja, HeC,eTfle OIOll1ft1 .

r'rpHJlHKe yqHHIfWe, ,lI,a je Cpncxa QpKBa nocae DlAa Oil .

(1459.), nourna nOA BJlaCT rrorpxeae OxpuoclCe ApXlleat.'CNIII. H npOBOJlHJla Haju,ptbe nane. TeK nOCJIe CTO roAKHa YClleu •• JIH1.JHH POP;OJby6K 6patia COKonoludlH (1557, AI 04 CTanHY nehClcy nampujapUJ.ujy. To je 6RO Aora suasaia sa sepy H HapOAHOCT aauiy, T a y eB" npaaocnasaa Cp6a AOWJJH noll. jeAHY aaji_I •• f<BeHy.l{opHCHe.nocneAH~e Tara TeK ee A-II TUM, yCTaHl.H H ceode Cp6a as Ty Ke '1QI1lIJ1.A'-:

nexa, OCJJa6HWe MHoro CpncKY UPUJ Ilescxe naTpHjapwHje noxoay TypaKa, KO Ilpxae. Uapul'pa CIC

Cp'"a ..

HaWHM np1eTl[lNlIt·;

aOBIlbe A H

_ Y PCKy. Ty cy ABapH BJIaAanH HaA fhHMa... Amt Bel-

JlaHillllfobY ra • II

( VI( B OCTaBHBIllH nOHeUlTO CBOJHX canneMeHItl<a

no- TJ(O ,.. ". y

E j Cpe.M.Y Ii waBoHHJH, oreure ce ORH 0.0. Asap

61lH3TYJ a~KO, If CaBY re ce cnYCTHLUe na Eanl<aHCKO nOJJYOa,

efiowe I\YHaB I . •

np ~ T . maROM CHnOM nOTHcHy.we cTapOceAeoqe* If HaCTa ..

crpBO. Y opy 3J'eBJfMa Y KojHMa MaxOM If lJ,aHac )f(RBe.

HHIlle ce no KP.

OJ' e cy raaa paaaa aaura nnexerra HaCeJIHna, AenH.IIe

3eMJbe, 1< 3 . n .

HOM Ha floMopje Ii aropje. OMOPJe ce OPOTeaaJIo

cy ce y rnas Mope on pexe Boiaae AO QeTHHe; a 3aropje all

ya Jap.paHC1<O , f'\

Caae II AYHaBa .ao ~p1tM.a H Bapaapa aa JY~, rra /1,0 THMOKa aa

_ OJI. l..{eTHHe H Bp6aca aa Cesep HaceJJHwe ce °HaWa

ItfCTO.K. . • '. •

. aM 6paTCKa nneaeaa, KOJ,a ce .a;OD;HHje CJe.u_HHHwe non

H3J6nu>Ka H ,.,

nMeHOM Xpeatua, a eeBeposana,llHO O,il; IbHX aacraaame ce t'5palia

ClloeeHl/U.

CPllCKO UJHe HHje OJI,Max BJIaAaJlO Y CBHMa "aWHM oCina ..

CTllM3. - CrpaHUlf, fpnu H )laTHH" (PoMaHIf), aaaaaaxy Hac cae onWTHM CJJOBeHCKHM HMeHOM, na cy H CBe 3eMJhe

HcnpBa . . .

xpaarcee OJ{ VII. - X. B. HaaHBaJlH CJlOBUHUJOM. _

Harne II . en .

OcraraK rora lIMeHa BH.o.HMO y ,n,aflaUlIbOJ . aBORHJH H3Mefjy

Case Ii ~paBe. Me'ljYTHM, y caMOM HapO,lJ;Y HaweM y6p30 cy MHora

- pa nneMeHCJ<a 'HMeHa aaaea.eaa HOBHM, 06IMHO Tonorpaq,CKHM

era .

IfMelHIM8, nOHdjBHwe no peKaMa OKO KOJHX ce aacraaaurs, Taxo

ICy y Iloxopjy 6HnH 3e1iaHu (~yKJbaHH), Tpe6ulbQnu (TpaBYHI(H), 3axYMilU (XYMJbaHH) H HepeUIJbQHU (naraHH-MHOrO()OUJ~H), '1Hja cy DOTOMJ.J.H Y rnaBHOM AaHaWIbH qpHoropQ;H, Xepnerosna, EOKeJbH H JY)I{HH )laJlMaTHHltJf. Y 3aropjy HajaHaTRHja nneaeaa 6exy Ptuuauu Ii /30COHUU, A8H3WfbH CrapocpoHjaH.,QIf, Cp6HjaHlJ,a H liOCaHI(R. A cpucso UMe, xao HapO,lJ;HO HMe, nornyao je oanaaano CBRMa TUM WIe.MeHHMa HalliHM rex ,lJ;OI{HHje. - fJlaBHH HOCKOijR tberOBR 6exy Pauraaa " 3eiiaHH. 11 KaJI,a cy OHH TOKOM X. H XI. B. YCDeJJII, Aa rOTOBO CBa cpncza H MHora OKORHa CpOAHCl CJI0aeHCKa nne .. MeHa oxyne Y jeAHY p'p)I(aBY, Koja ce aaasa Cp6ujOM, TelAa noCflAe de Cpdu HaqHOHaRHHM HMeHOM aa CBa Ta nneaeaa,

KIA cy ce HaWH nperua ,ltOCeJlHJlH aa Baaxaa HHCY jow 8HUR HI 8a JCaKOSY AP)f(aSHY aajeAHHI{Y. HapOA je )l(HSeO CJlo(JOABQ ojOJ o4IiaCTR - xyall WID KHexuju, DOA cBoja. nne!Me:BOJ.

CII ...... IO.·-JKynaaoM WlR KHeaOM, Koja cy OlSH'IHO DDI188 ...

SPXOBHY BnaCT BHaaHTHjcKHX uapeaa, >KUBOT je 6ao naTPBJapxanaa. Iloponaue ce HHCY paao AeJlHlIe, )KUBenO ce Y BeJllII(IUI sanpyraaa non ynpaaox [enaor' crapeuraae, Baine TaKOBHX I(yka, y je,llHOM HJlH saure cena, xoje cy nocrane Aeo(SoM. OA jeAHora ,l.(oMaJ 'tHHone cy 6pamCCllSOJ a Bawe 6paTCTaaa - nneae, Ueo xpa] y KOMe [e naeae >KI:fBeJlO HaSHBao ce xyaa... - CBe 88)1(tlHje nOCJIoBe peuiaaana cy aa >KynaHHjcKHM HJlH 06naCHHM cKynlUTHHaMa H ca60pHMa.

CTapH CpCSH y r JlaBHOM cy (SHna CTO'lapa, CUlH cy ce 6a8MB Jf aeMJhOpalI;fLOM. He ana ee, ,ll.l nH cy )KHBenH y MHOrO>KeHcTBY, xao OCTanH CnoBeHH. - nO()paTHMcTBO a. nocecTp.8MCTBO 6ewe y oenHKOM o6'alfajy, re je AOII.HHje ,XpHwliaHCKa QpKBa Taj 06H'Iaj II apox HTHM MOJI HTBaMa oJia rOCHJban a ...

Crapoceneoua H OI(OJlHH K~nTypHHjH HapOAB Met;y Koje CPOH ,lloijome YTH~aJlH ey ncaarano aa >KUBOT H o(iH1faje HawBX npeaaxa : na we nOCTeneHO npasasaaaxy na MRcne B 0 C.OMe llP)KaBHOM H BepcKOM ypeljeu,y. - H noa THM YTH~ajeMt Bet;, y nOqeTKY IX. B., nO,ll,H)l(e ce je,lJ.Ho yrJleAHO H xpa6po CPOCKO nneae, H3Meljy pexe JhfMa H :Hopa - PaUlaHU, Aa H3Bojyje CJlO(JOAY. y Cl1eWHO ce n0611 ca BHaaHTHj~I.fMa H ByrapHM~, Te oKyn. 01(0 ceee MHora CpOJl,Ha OJIeMeHa y jeAHY CaMOCTaJlHY AP)I(aBHQY. To 6ewe UPBQ cpncaa AP)f(aBa DOA ynpasoa >KynaHa B.nacfllllAUql (t OKO 850.). OHa je t'5HJla iax OCHOB H nOTHQaj aa KojH ce pa3BHO " y XYMY RJlH 3axYMJhY (Aeny AaHaw rOBHHe H "pHe-rOpe). - Ty ce nO'teTKOH X. B Oojal __ .I' .. _ H'OBa npHJlHlIHO caaocranna AP>Ka8HLta, nOA ynpaBO xauna Butuesuha, A 'roKOM rora BeD palaa ce

jaKa cpnCKa AP>Kaaa nOA BeJlHKHM *y .,I ... -.·

xpa6pH H paa60pHTH 1fOBeK OKyDH

4

CUH MuXOU.flO, K()jH [e yaeo npOR J(paJh~BC~ uaCJIOB (1077.) ..

BoiJUH oAP}l{ame TY ApmaBY H JOW.re BUwe palUJlp

YayK If-Y I An So HlUe

CeAHwre JIM je 6RRO y CKa.llPY· H, noene CMPH ,lJ.HHo8e (tl JOI }

oner cpRCK3' JCP)KaBa Y HeKOJJHKO nOl(pajHH~ :

p.acna,lle ce .j_ •. .., kOle

no" BHaaHTHjCJ(OM BlIamny CBe ,QO no],aBe HeMalhhH

ocrawue A e y

1tpyroj D0J108H"" XII. B ..•.

C Da,IlOM XpBaTCKe nOA. yrapcxy MaCT (1102.) AOlUJIa le

CROPO H SocHa (1137.) DOJ( JaK yT~uaJ YrapcKe: a ,lJ,OTJle ie tlH!a.aa cacr3BHH J(eo cpncKHX ca.MO£TaJlHHX JJ.P>KaBa, Oft, ca,lJ.a, CHJJ01tl npHJIllI(a, ocraje OHa cTa~Ho o~~eHa 0,11, cpnCI<orCAP)f(aBHOr cpe-

PawKe Jfn" Cp6HJe, KOJOl BenHRD >KynaH TeBaH HeMa

pWft . . .. ~

y~apH CHa.>KaH OCHOBI a tberOBIf KaCJIe)J,HHQH ~aaBHme Je ,lQ) Be.n:fWor

tiHor llapcTBa. OA TO 1.\06a H HCTOp"ja CpncKora Hapo ;:RO ce Y rJIaBHOM aa "CTOPHj., Pauixe HJlH Cpti»je H aa HCT~~ pajy IiOCHe, na If CpnCI<3 .. U;pKB3 Y' BOCHH MMa caCBHM APyraruljy

CYJl6HHY o~ OBe y Paurxol.

2. Cazapa Bepa. - 0 1dHoro6o)f(alf~oj sepa naurax npaOTaQa asa ce Bp.IIO ·MaJIO nOYS,IlaHora. AmI ~eM.a cYMfbe1 Aa cy II OH5f K30 H DeTaRH CIIoseHH sepOBaJlH y Jle,QHora BPXOBHora Sora }I MHora HWK3 ,n;o6pa H ana 60>KaHCTBa. HMB rparoaa ,lJ,a cy 060- )KaBaJJH CyHUC, secen H 3Sea,IJ.e; orars, MYJDY, na urra BHUle If KaMeJbe H APBeiie. A HMeHa IIepYH.Q - rpOMOBHHKa If BeJlecQ_ 60ra cr3Aa, xao It llo00JlQ - 60>KaHCTB3 3eMaJbCKe IlJlO,l{HOCTH JIaae - 60)t(HQe Jby6aBH H npyra, O'fYBaH3 cy KOA Hac It ,lJ.aHa~ Y HaBHBHMa ",eCTa, 6pJla It 6H.1j»aKa, re y npHlJaMa ]f OOH'IajHMa HapOJJ.H"M. ana 60)J{aHCTBtI y )lOIlHHjHM H3HopwMa naaHoajy ce 6eCUMO. - H aauac ce seJJI1: M/V'I )1,0 licea!... "JII!f: )1,0 ..lila 001'(1 MJf je rneWKO .•.

o HH>KHM 60)f{3HC'fIBHM3 ocrano je MHoro UlilUe rparoaa y

Hapo.llHoj npaaaceepnua. - Ty cy na npBOM MeCl'y sune, xao JlYXOBH H3Bopa, peKa, MOpa, WYMa, flJlaHHHa H 06naKa. f'bHX je HapOJQfa npasa a necsa onesana xao nelfHO MnaAe .neBojKe y t5enoM olJ,eJJY, Ayre pacnyurreue xoce, «ao nOMo'kHHlJ,e liJUf OCBeTHMQe .1byJI.Ma. tbKMa cy CJUfllHe pO&eHUlle HJTH cyljeHuue, Koje oAPe~yjy CYll6HHY }bYA" 0 poJjefbY, xao H MYllum 6Htie-ycYA. Mope U BtUlGU", jeey 8Jla )f(eHCKa 6H1\a, Koja 'fHBe naKOCTH' JhYAHM8, CHCIJY o ,'UlJY )l(H80r fbHM8 H IbHXOOY 6nary... J1 AaH C 0 aepOB8fbt, Aa ce Y BewCIlulIe U HUl'l H H "'AB, a Y BYICOtJ/,QKt MY .1lM1 .. ,1I16!A

JJ IX rpo(Jo

5

DKJIO je KO.n, HaWHX crapax H CBeUlTeHHKa HJIH. :rcpe'leBa. aRanH ,:_y ce: spauapu, ratuapu, sapoouuuu U pecnuuu. - OBH nOCJlep.lhH oexy uexa BPCT3 £IlHJloco(jla. EioroCJlyxelbe ce cacroiano Maxoa y nplfHawalbY >KpTaBa 0.8, AOMatie CTOl(e H aeMJbOAeJlCKHX MOAo8a; a MeCTO aa mpTBOBal-be 6ewe 06HlJHO no tuYMaMa II BHCOBHMa. rne cy 6HflH." KHnOBH 6oroBa (60JlBaHU HJIH KYMUpU), H HaSRsaure ce mp)etJHuK.*

Y HapOll.HHM npasaaa H necaaxa 8Ma rparosa, Aa cY H KOJJ.

Hac, xao 8 KO,Q, Pyca H Ilonancsax Cnoseua, 8 JbYAH npaaouiesa aa iKpTBy. )f(pTBe cy npHHOCHJIH nOpOAH"IHe 0 nneMeHCKe CTape~miHe, ya necae, Hrpe 0 rararsa. Me~y cseTKOBHHaMa uairnaaHHje t5exy /(OJleoo .OJUI 6aOlbaK Y cpea 3HMe, Ka,ll. AaH nO'lllllae paCTH If Hyuano unK fapuno If Kpec y cpen nera, xao npaaHHK cyuua J1 Ofl-L3.

MpTBau,e cy HaW" CTapH aasonaaana y seMJbY HJlH HX cna:lbO,Banli '. Ilopen nOKojHHKa MeTann cy cae, WTO MY je aa )l(HBOT. HaJMMJlnJe 6HJlO; a (jHBano ie cnyxajeea, A3 cy II )KeHe )l(HBe aaxanaae HllH cnan.aaaue nope.u. MY}f(3 ... Ha rpo60BHMa ,AHaaHe cy ~yltu£e unH .MOl'UIlC 0,11, aCMJbe HJI:" KaMeHa. 3a TIIM ce Hrpane JYHa1.)l(e urpe " Ha,!I.MeTano, re [eno H nHJIO aa noxo] lywe, WTO ce y TaK03BaHHM dahaJHa 'f AO naaac o'ly88J10.

3. Illupeiee u YW8pljuBQlbe Xpuw#taHCalBa. a PH-

urhaacrso caasanu cy Cp6H Beli Y crapo] AOMOBBHH. j P Y UlO KaTKaA nonaaana Y JJ.oTHU.aj • ca xpHwhaHcKBM H.POlII !<3A3 Ao~.oUJe na EianKaHC)(O nonyocTpBO XPHW aReD cae "eft'"1. M3 .u.anMaTHHcKHX, TecanCKHX H Tpa~KHx rpaAoa8 6pao

IllllPCH.C Xpauihaacraa Me~)' IbHMa Kao II Y OI~IUI.i.

H3HCKHM Cnosenaaa. H Beh y VIII. 8. MOPIJIO j aocra Xpauihaaa, Kalla j y APyr J non ~10BeH ycneo Aa 6YAe Q r aA K

Jlo 732. r, ueo aOIAH naA80 je nOA BJlaCT pH.eml". 111 .. 11111

wilaHCT8a Me'y HIW •• IIPIlTJUIli ...

-642. 732.), KOJM Y ... ,.

o

CBOjOM nponoeehy: jeJ1.HO 360r 6orocnYJf(efLa ua Jla ThHCI(OAt

rplfl(OM je3HKY, a .ll,pyro H HapO'lHTO, uno cy HalUlI hp II

~ . .• erl.UI 8a~

peJ1.HO O,lJ;aHH uHJJH CBOjO] CTapOJ aepa H lb:3IfHHM o6peJJ.JfMa

TyijHHQH nacy YMeJJJf na}l{JhHBO na lJO~TynaJY ca lIe}f(Hr.. I Tt

.,M, oce'la

JRMa Cpoa cnpaa OTa1.[KOra npenajsa H Ay6oKO YKOpeibe •

. 0 . HltX CTa ..

pBX o6WfaJa. - caM Tor,a, HaWJI cy ce craps OOjamf

, , .ll,a ce ca

XpHw:haHcTBoM -se yTBP,D;H H BnaCT BH3aHTHJCI(a RaJ( IhUM. C

. . a. Tora

cy, no,ll npHTHCKOM BH3aHTHjCl<HM, caxo nO]e.IUfHe CTapeWI!fHe n

Mane XpHwiiaHCTBO, a Mace saponne ocrajalJe 6" I!f AaJbe y craPH: sepa A If XpHllJHaHCTBo HapOAHHX cTapewHHa OWJlO J'e. POJ

• lfCOPBa

caao rrpHBHAHO, BeiufHoM TeK ,lJ;a ce YJ1.0BOlbH lKelhW MohHH

3 . ~, X BH ...

aBHTJ2jcKHx uapesa. aro je opso necrarano H rora IIpU'B

.. ItJJ.Hor Xpaurnaucraa, 1fHM OH ca fbHX rrana tmacT BH3aHTHjC((a' n

, a cy

Taaa H MHCHOHapH npOTepHBaHH HX cpnCKHX KpajeBa ...

AJJH, H aKO aa npsa ,ll;Ba sexa (VII. II VIII.) He 6elUe npa

Bora ycnexa Y llIHpefbY Xpaurhaucrsa Me~y Cp611Ma, Jfnar( ce aa TO

speae ycneno MHoro, ,Qa ce y MJJa~era noxonea.a nO.TLYJba nepa y crape 6orOI~e If yrpe nyr 1{OHa4HOM npHMafhy XpnrukcUlCTaa. Ya TO, OJl, .D.pyre nOJlOBHHe JX. B'I aacrynnne cy aa ra] nocao norOAHlfje npHJJHKe. Y TO ,Qo6a (863-4. r.) cacraauo ie I{oII CTaHTJHI (Ca. nHplfJ]Q) cnoseacxy aa6YKY H ca 6paroM Me rOAujcM npeBeo HajHY}KHnje npxsene K}bHre ua OH,lJ;aUJJ-bll jea~H< jY}f(IHfX Ma ilet( H~ Cl<MX C)lOBeHa; Te 6allJ Y TO apeac Haj}J(HHJLe paBBlfjaxy cao] anOCTOJI~-KH paA M~~Y ceBep,0oanaAHUM. en IoBeHHMa y cyceJUloj flOHOHUJU (3alJaAHOJ YrapCKOJ If Cna OH1'IJn), MOPOllCI(Oj n lJCIUKOj a y Byrapcxoi nplffrUfO je XpHIUHaHCT8 J 1<1-1 la Bopac c OeJlHKH~ AenOM csora HapOAa (864.).

HeM3 CYMtbe, ,a,a je y T3KOf:JHM np1fnJfK3f11, 6HJJ AOCTa H

caso CnoBeH3 Hero H prJa, IWjJf cy J3 h non 6HM 6HnH Aa CBOjJfM CanJJeMeHHQlfMa upon H A jy J Batf~]be " arp jy HX aa XpHwfiaHcTBo. J1 naxo j M yhe, J\ le 6aur T Haj8Hw YTHl(aJI0, Ita cy sa J.t).anaSHH 8" aHTHjCJ< fa uap aCMJlHJ I MalieAoHQa MHore crapeuiaae CpnCKJfX nJJ Metla, npH3HaBwH

npHJJoa Iberooy BPXOBHY snacr, 8aje~Ho c Xp 8TH o«l •. _-r_ .. -

Qapy C MOJltJOM, AI HM nouraa AO OJ. aH J CBI!W1',.111_

IX HIY~HTH npaaoj 8 PH H KpC ITH .

.... JtlVllllt!l y, C p6H I

o

AMja H3 MopaBcKe H Ilauoaaie, ca MHorHM QPK8eHil IfF sa CJJOBeHC~OM. jesHKY, .u.oljowe y l\aJlMau,Bjy H Malle 08 y TY OCHOBawe HOBa pe.nHrHjcKo-npocoeTHa cpeAHWTa, DPJI cy XpHxwliaHCTOo H OHa cpncxa H xpaarcxa naeaeaa, lCoj ce Haj,a,Y>Ke onapaxy, a uaposaro aanaaaa MalieAoHu,M H .o.&Ha Xef)L(eroBfU{-HepeT }baHH HnH Ilarana,

4, llpsQ CpUCI(Q Llpxsa. - 3a Cp6e urro npHMHlue paw H CTBO HHCY OAMax YCTatlOBJbeHe noceoae enacxonale, thy cy y npao speae, nOTlfMHHnH OKOJlHHM enacsonaiaaa, xoje cy Beli OAaBHO DOCTO[ane sa crapoceaeoue THX 3eMaJba. TaRO je npsa Cpncxa l\pKA Y Paunco] H bOCHM nornana "OA enacxonaje nOT'tHlLeHe !J,pa14"oJ

ApxueuucKonuju, aaaacao] on l1.ap&lrpaoc«e nampujupWUJt, oKa

y Iloaopiy, rne je CBaKa o6J1ac'r uauia 6pao Ao6HJla ora H-

cnona, Jl.o1je non BJ1aCT CUJbCmCKe Apxueuucxoauje no H.IDt:;ftllC

PHMY, Itl raxo eTO, OJJ.Max y nos TKy jeAaH Ae n

nOA YTHlJ,aj rptll( ra J1cruol(a, a APyrH A 0 n yTM~

3anaaa. J].olumje ({aKO aa PauJKY ROA u.pKoe B.

TaKO JII aa Bocuy KOJ]. upxue B. Ilerpa y

ABl' en .IC.~ mlfj , xoie nenocpenno nomanouie rpanc« Ilarpuja] umj . Kalla J

'aMYI1J10 18J1a.ll.aO pnCKHM

pn "KY L, KBy H BO j j A - XH mfcKonMjH. Bacana] II. ocsaias 1J, n

OCTaJl, H ,lJ.aJb nOA HMOM

Y CI(OPO nocne HCTO\fHY H anaAHY K jN j

8 A.a. cpncsa enHcKonHja y BOCHR ocraae ~ ACUhe DOJ( Bnawfiy pHMCKors Dane, Kao H HeKR rq>aJeBH HaWR y Y XII. B. je DCHosaHa ,ayfiposa'lKa ApxueUUC/(OIlU/a,

IIMax noqe.J)a TaKMH'fHTH ca 8apCf(OM ApxueaUCICOIlU'

ce 0..... . • rjDJM

oJ(yaeJla joj eAHcKonHJe Y 60CHH1 TpaBYHHJH (y MaHaCTIlPY C.

neTpa lCOti Tpe6Hff,a) H 3axyMJby (npao na CroRY, a HeMalta • 6par 'MlfpOCJlaB nOTHcHYO )y je H3 r~OpqYJlY). - Me~YTHM, pa~~ JTHKa HaMe~y 3alJa,ltHe H MCTollne .ypKBe, cae lJ,OTJle, HHje ce Ra oce:fiana y OBUM aeMJbaMa. OA caaa TeK OHa ce ona}f(a H (5118.

CBe aeha.

5 OXnUaCKa ApxueuucKoauja. - ClIOBet:lH, KOfu ce J<p .

. r '. . ~~

VI. B. AOCeJIHWe y TpaKHJY H ]Y)f{HY Mahe.l\OIHfJY, H3MewaJIH' cy

ce opao ca rpQHMa If np.HJJH'IHO )JaKO npHMHJJH XPHwhaHcr na ce MHOfH TOKOM speaesa If nOrplJWuf. Me~YTKM Cpe.lUbY H C:o~ Bepny Ma:fieJ1;OtJHjy HaCeJlHRH cy CJlOBeHH y rYCTHM MacaMa, na cy 6HRH H MHoro OTIJOPHHjU Xpaumaacrsy. 1(0)); fbHX ce OHO KOHa'f yTBp~.WO TeK KpajeM IX. B., Ka,lla cy y MalieAoHHjy J),OwnH Y'feHH::

MeTo~HjeBH, npe6~rRIf Ha A:1opaBCKe, re no~enH 06aBJbaTH 6orocnY)f(elba sa CJlOBeHCKOiK JeaHKY H p~aBHJaT" npBH I<fblf)f(et!HH pa,u, CJJOaeHCKr.f, npeBo,a,eliJlf " KOmnHJIYJY"he rp'IKe KfbHre llPKBeuor H CBerOBHor ca,a,p>Kaja. Te cy I<IbHre nocrane ,a,Ol(HHje CBojHHa CHHjy npaOOClIaBHHX Cnoaeaa, A IJ,pHopUaQlI XpatJap HanHcao J'

. e

Ty H KpaTKY HCTOPHJY nocraaxa npsor CJIOaeHCKor nHeMa _

rnaronuue, KOjy je cacraaao /(OHcmOHrIlUH, A ~HHjH Co. llUPHJJO npeMa rpsxo] KypauBHoj 6YKBMUH H APyrHM HCTO'lfbaIJKHM nHeM ' HHMa. - JelJ.Ha conyacxa JJereHAa 0 lbeMY eJUf, J),a je OU 'ra enoaa Hsy.eo Y rpa,u,y Pa8HY ria BperanHU~H. F<YAa ie HUJao Aa KPC jow HeKpwTeHe CJlOBeHe .•• Ty je nocraaa H ltupunUlIQ y opeD YHqUQJlHOj rpsxo] aa6Y.llH, Koja je no Ma"e~oHHjH H

pfJljH spno t5pao HCTHcHyna TewKy rJlaronHQy.1

CpeAHwre npse xpKwfiaHCKe KynTYp ClI aeHCKO GIIII HI 06i1.11aMa OXpHACKor H Ilp cnancxor Jeaep _ .. 6uy C,. KnUMeHUl H Ca. HaYM, Y'IeHHQH KnuesT DOAHrao OPB" Haw MaHaPPIIIII

r OCHOBaHa H np a ; •. ,.uon noer H j

yMpo Ty 916. r. J(pyrH nOBHaTR RaM 1, .. ,,_ .

Hays; OKO 900. r. aa jyrOHCTOKY Buor-Olc .

Ma HaCT" P J.1 aaaac nocroja. WT8 BHWe, , T MOHawl.m. }f(HBO: Bei; y OHO A06a TaKO C5yjBO, nOMJUbe JeAaH apxHMaHAPHT xao cTapewBHa ~I"'" .,. .. ~

rOHujcJ(U MaHacTHpa, KojHMa je lteHTap MOpa

Buman-, a nernaunsa 06umelb-MoHQCfIlUp.

Ilpaa cnoaeacka enHcKoDaja y Malte.qOHBJ

6yra~cKo~ apxaenacxony, AOQHHjeM naTplljap y A-- .... CTPI1JU), jep cy rana QenOM TOM 06nawliy a.nq

je 971. r. npso EyrapcKo Ilapcrao nponaJlo Aotj

fWD H CBa Byrapcxa QpKBa, nOH080 nOA Flarpnjapuraje. Ho MaJ:ieAoHCKOM onaAaOIlY __ 1"'YIUlY ....

sa PYKOM Aa on MaheAoHHje. ApCSalUlj 3eM3Jl)3 ocuyje Jeaac OeJ1RKO CJlOB'''CICO )1.0 10 I H. I. ycneurao OnHpaJ10 8H8aHT'IIJ·Iac.~

CTBO nonarao je aMYHJ10 (t 1014.) •

U.PKl1)' Mahc.D.OuHjH, KOjOj cy "PBM np.(~AI"' __ •

na cc U OHa, «ao H uap BUHa. HaSHBU

enaurre apxuena xona, KOjH C j u npaa v Manoj Ilp enM HI OC OCTPB no 8. A unujy 1<011. la'~ a). alUTHTHHKY r

Ha '11M CTPBY arpaAIL

np H 0 tb rOB

JHHI t KojHMa c O'lY8 0 )I(.I •• C.

T ' ce y it n HAM BHA J larpa] PWHj

10

.~HBOTHlba, J.f3paijeHHX BPJIO >KHBHM, BeliHHOM llPBeHlfl4 If

6oja.Ma. nJ]a81f1i

RaKO je Y TRM 06JJaCTHMa u;pKBeHH >r<HBOT y OH

. 0 JJ.o6a

6yjaH Ciao CBejlOlJ1f HaM H npeAa~e, KOJe Kame, ,o;a je Y APyro BPJlo

'I:py CaMYWloBe .IlpmaBe, "OTOILOj npecTOHHl.{H llapC1'oa If M. ~elt ...

J'apwBje - OxputJy, 6HJlO 360 npxaaa, A CJIaBHCl'a rpHro nal'PH_ POBI1'f I( •

je 1847. nponYToBao -TYAa BeJJH, na DCHOBY nHcMeHRX I OJII

,lJ.a je y OXPHJlY jow Y XVII. B. 6DJlO 33 QPKBe If nDOAal'aka,

. apal(~"C

(KaneJ1ln~e). ,ltaJhe ce npaxa, .o.a je HeK3A jYlKHO Oil. Ilp e

. Hnena

EYIJHHa 6"))0 99 MaaacTHpa, ,Q,a je I(OCTYP HMao 60 "p H

11 B- 36 .... l<aBa 0"

KOjHX If ,o;aHac CJIy>KK ,a enec . fl T. A. Ila H no '"

. . j- . M ~, PYUJeOIl ...

naaa HarJIep,3, ,Qa re nexan y ymHOJ aWneJJ.oHH.1H aaHCTa 6HJIO MHoro

QPK3Ba H MaHaCTHpa, MomAa xao y, naH"jH H jY>l<HOJ· rA .

nTaJ1HJH

MalieooHcKY ll,apeBuHY YHHJlITHO je nap BaCHJ1Hje II l:' •

B . oyra~

poyoHJ..(a 1018. r, H rOTORO CRe aeMJbeanr<aHCKora Ilon

B . T . YCTPBa

nOHOB~ nonsprao H3aHTHJH. - Ci.l\a re OH, no crapoa aCHpCJ(OM

o6H'laJY MHore Malie,llOHCKe CnOBeHe pacenao no Mano)' A .

I _ 311JU

1JaK ,llO JepMeHcKe; a aa IbHXOBa MeCTa AODeo MHoro6poJ'He

T . 1(0.10-

HHje rprca Ii jepaeaa, HMe]e 0AMax noaere H3Asajafbe M l-

. . ane-

AOHHje "3 KYJJTypHe aaJetJ.HHQe OCTaTlHX JY}KHHX CJlOReHa q n

. . . PH-

APymHBafbe }LeHO ~H3aHTHJCK?J QHBHJlHaaL(HJH ... I1CTlfHa, OXPLld.

CKa ApxueUUCKoaUJa ocrana je H ,ll,aJbe xao caMOC'! anna IlPKBe

. . . ua

06naCT, a OCTaBJbeH JOJ je If }-beaMH npsa ap:'menHCKon JooaH

KOjH 6ewI;! CJlOUeH. Hlra aaure, ca ABe )J,HnJIOMe OJJ. 1018. If 1020 f. nOAB~acTHo joj je BaCHJIuje 29 (>l1nCJC?fmja no MaiieJ(oHHjII Ap6aHHJ",. CpnCK"M 3eMlbaM3 H Byrapcxo]. A Kaf(O ce AaJJel(o v satne xpajeae nporeaana fbE'3HHa BlJaCT OHAH C It oTYAa uno

. '

cy raaa nOA fhy nornauane If fJHCKOIlHJ Y CPC.MCKoj Mumpo

8UQU - Syrrnium, y 5eorpafJy - ingidunurn H opaHulleoy H Mopasa - PHMCKH Vlminaclurn 6JIHay I{ CT nua ...

Ho nocne CMP rH Bacanaiea (t) 02J).) OTnOlJ JIO j OAM. jenHHH30Bafbe MatieAoHcKHX Cnoaeaa, a y npSOM peAY IhH 0 i.(pJ(Be. Ma rora je speaeaa H npoH rpK Ha OXPHACl(oj enscxonceo] CT01lHI.(H. Beuie TO JlaB-JleoH (OKO 10 7 I ,,0 a.uWlhB xapTo,HnaKC Ilaparpanc« Ila pHja non .'Iap c JlaTHHHMa y OlfH KOHa H r 8 A JJ

ey 0 apxH nHCKonH OXpHa H H

PQH APXH nHCK Y

IIIHYIIIIOPIUI ax Qllt.rl~.ICICI

'I MHoroa.

CJJoaeHCKY UPKBY H roroao caCBHM 3aTPY paaBaTaIC. C BeHCKe KIbH>KeBHOCTH, xoia ce TaKO aeno H tSyjRO nO'lena .,.. jaTH 15am y MaheAoHHjH H OXPHAY, xao cpeAHwTY ~eJlor IIPK8.ftC)npocaeraor )KHBOTa OHAaWlhHX 6anKaHckHx ClIoBeRa •••

Ilpa TOM. nocny MHoro cy HM noaarana ICuyljep* H CHWTeHHlI.H rp1fKH, KOjH cy ca HapO,IJ.OM, HcnpeA HaClUba pa8HU Ty'BClOIX nJleMeHa, Kp03 ueo XI. H XII. B. CTaJlHO Ha6eraBaJlH H8 Da rOHuje: naM4>HJl~je, BHTItHHje H APyrHx oC5nacTH Mane A8Rje y uaure JY)I(ue xpajese. 3aTO y TO Ao(5a H cperaao Ha o6anR Qp e BenHKUX MalieJJ,oHcKHX [esepa, sa Bapaapy, na H Y ClMO. DpIIapeay rpsae }{anyijepe 11 cseurreaaxe, J<OjH cy pot,eHH H o.plena y paaHHM MaJIOaaHjcKHM xpaiesaaa, - JeAaH OA TaKOBa MOHax 8.'1' -

. '

HHjCKOr OJI'HMna, a nOCJIe enacxon CTPYMH'IKB MaHoJno, nOAilrao

je 1080. MaHaCTUp Boropoiiuue MU/lOCUlUBe, J(OjM e na3H na orpoxuo] CTeHH HaHaA cena BHJbYW, CTPYMHlI.C y Il.lran.

Ilocne 1018. r. Csoune ie nocrano ceAMWTe 8M ynpaanaxa l\eJ1C 6HBme CaMYHnOBe AP>KaBe. aaTO C ana na rp-uea u,pKseHa I..\HBHJ1HaauHja. nOAH)I(Y C

J\,aHaCTHpu, a HapO'lHTO Y Kon I<oj QPHOJ r p •

A,3Hac y paauanuuaxa, aJ1H no HeKH JOW H

rp4KHM aanHCHMa np"lJ~y H8M OH K

P KJly. - Taxas ua np. nonypaaop HM MaaaC:'RD a_ .... JIlIII'~ ..... CKOM UPH( M rOpOM, aananao OA Y I{I MHMHa (1057.-9.) M npHJlH'IHO O'tYB nJlaHHHH BOAHO HaA CKOnJb M. xor J JutH 1164. r. I1 Tor BP M H

0.

12

aa 3aWl'UTHIIKa nOpO.ll.Hue H ,Q,OMa

cseTJiTeJba ... T .

(VI. pIlIUhaHC1\uX r crapor ~oMaker 001'a. axo je nOCTaJJo

Ha MeCTO OHO Kyfia liMa csora CBeT.HTeJba - CBOjy

CHora, a cpnCK8 •

J{ J(HO HMe If csax "JIK enemo, Beft lCaKO ce TO Y KOM KpalY Ka}l(e.

C~,a8Y' C8'~~PCU1~O a 6~rOCJIylKetf,el\\, nOMeHOM YMPJlHX CPO~HHka,

C <> ra cnoJeHa je C 6· re JJ.apHBa.tbeM CHpOTJ.lfbe I.f ~pI(Be.

Jr3Bn ros OM,

e4(lHlfM o6eJl,O.M Ii HJ1H J{OlbHBO, npocqiopa aa lJ.PKOY, U.PHO

C8 a'f }f{HTO nil!:'

Ty je KPCHIf Kon / M'aH H M3MHpH3. - 0 CTapOM O'I.JH'falY aa-

BOl1JTaHHU81 ra J cora Manu" C8eWTeHHK ca JJ,OM.ahHHOM,

811HO, I{ nOMH H 0 . .

O 6}1 JJ.a "KOlla oMaf'iHH ca YKyliaHHM3 u rOCTHMa

]baJJ y11e caM .0. •

aKO TO HHje Mor ilK TO H caaa .o.oMaIiH.~a. xao LUTO

a iH1HOBY ap: . C

v O,ll,cyCTSY }lOMa . 0 Jby6H Toaopa BOJDo}le 0,1.\ TaJlal1a,

.J apOJlHa neCMa ..

aM Kame H H f{PCHO J.1Me CHOje ...

H 11M CJ1aBH F: C

'~I IT Y raMHRL\ TA J·efJ.Ha HCKJbY'HfBa OCOuHHa pnCKora

J{OJ . KpCHO riMe • C

Vf ,a,aHac Je Kame: rae je Cnasa my Je p6UH/

c pa3JJOrOM. ,

HapO}la! re ce . ]J,a je HaJBetuf rpex yracumu C80jY

ny60KO sepYJe, .' C . C :<:.' _,

A HapoJl HaUl ,.., . H Cp6H Y JyH<HOJ rapoj puH]H, I(OjH

Crora K MHor 6 __

I<pCHY CnaBY· re Ii jeaHK cpncxa aa OpaUIIJlM "

~ xaMeAoBCTBO, .

cy npHMHJlH Y.' Hac .o.pHCe Cnasv CBOJY H aKO HOUCUITO

A TH JOUJ 11 Aa X

noCTaJUI pHay I cpncxa no BOCHH H epu ~I'OB"HH

n H EorOMO}lH - A

H3MelbeHY· a HajBa)f{HKjH npa3UHK. y n~)BO npeM

J{PCHO ViMe K30 6 II

JLP}f{anH CY . C811 PlfMOKClTOJlHqKH P U. I PHMCI<H

CnaBHlIH cy f{PC.HO VlMe H tUHrr.,I 6exy non ras HCKOP IUIIU

'K MaxOM rY')I' .... n , •

CBewreHHllH, KOJ 0 H MHore npyr 'iap0/.lH M~aJe,

6 qaj cpncKH Ka ~

ra] nenH 0 H . . apaue K H uiax M f I uO)f(a'fKHX npa

.{OJ" Hac ceiH1JY fJ.y6o~e C Ma y npitMOpcJ(HM KpajeDKMa (601\"

fA K If J~aHac JOIU H - •

OT.aua, 1'J"a . . a y 1<011 IJnH -ali n I aananao, epll

KOTOPCKOj, OKO ~y6pOHHHK "ux Cpoa J( jH en B KPCHO 11M Ka

) a p"MOKaTonH~~, .

rOBMHH }lOCT aKO 6eB narocnosa CB je LlpKH

H Cp6M npaSOCJfanHH, ~ H pncxa 1l.t oa OAMBX j npHXBaTIIJII Me~yTMM, npaBocnaBHa . sana 'a y Jl.yxy XPMlll aHcRoM,

6 qaj Haw H pa n (

flapoAHH 0 H Kuel1H rJp It sa npOCJlaltJbatb TO a AO ... l ......

PH8WH HapO'fHyTH UP JJ,06a 6MO J 8 Haxona, K80 IfYAOTIO

IIMSlIHJCa OHO •• a an Y

.-"fI-_JIIHH~ Y CBaKOJ 6eAM K HeUOJbH, HaJlfYBeHHJH H .....

IdlIlHI Cp6a .. era Hsa6paJia aa csora aWTRTH

J op a, 8 A x MilA_in.

: ..... ".Of'aIJo'UlTII8 0 n 4aJy

A. 0 DO>KHhy: 6aAthaK, Kona .. , 'IecHHlla; 0 Maa _

nO>Kelbe H npecK8Kafhe BaTpe"KpeCOBH; aa Til IJ.I~

po"~e, AOAone, Kone~aHH, Kao H .Hora APyra o~ H .Il.pyrHM ,lJ,3HaWtbHM HaWK. xpKw1lauCKBM npas a, ct111a1~ Hac pa3HHX CTapHX MHOro6o)l(a':lKHX CBeTKOBHHa HaWIIX _1U .....

7, CB. CUMeYH MupolllolUlBu (CallBaN l1U1tl161l)

MYAPU H .BpeAHH BJJaAanau. cpncKH 8&AY)I(HO je Horo

napoa. llHM ie nocrao BemtKH >KynaH PawKH 0" je 0, __ ,_ ca.UIJbeHHM H HCTpajHHM paAQM aacrojao, Aa CBa cpncl(a Ulllla_ o JlO('iOAH H yjeAHHH, Te ca paSBHTKOM npocaere H KyJIT 8ApaB H jaK OCHOD 6YAyhoj cpnczo] AP)I(aali.

HeMaltJa ce PO,llHO y 3eT", Koja ie, KIO H cae ., MopcKe 06Jt3CTH cpnc e, y OHO A06a, np n .... n. Te [e xpurreu n naTHHCKOM O~PeAY. Hy, Kaa y

THO Y PaWKY na ra je npeBeCTII y n cn.aI.C.

HeMaw,a J.\O~lfHj no ra )l(ynaHo YBHA OA

xora Hapona aa ABe l.\PKBe - JI H rp

M ra aanperxy H8 pOAHOM. OH C (Spao y8 P ,

BHII onro apa AY y pnCKora Hapo .. R Jl J

Y II J 0AY, T My MO>K Y

paAY sa AM atby HapOA" CBeCTR M a Ilpaao

ra OJ]. , an A

J4

PHMOKaTOJIHKa; a no uenoi AP>«aBH Ha-

'ow .!IOCTa . epaua n M

()t'iJJaCTHM3] Of OM on a If APyrHx KPHBOB '" J a If Horo ..

Jla3HJIO ce MHoro f) Cf{HM KpajeBHMa. Ma nOJlHTH'tKH}( OfiaHpa

a61lTAM rop· • ~

60>Ka~a no 8 ' PHMoKaTOJlHWTBO, Te re yoeKuHo y

. nporafb1lO . •

HeM3lba fUIje n' ca PHMCKHM nanca : na je aaTO. ,n;apH-

M O}TfiG ... uMa C .

npujareJbCKH, y TTapurpaAY H onyuy, p;apltBao YJe,lJ,lio

Y JepycaJJlfM J "'"'" ~ • A

sajy1iH UpJ(B~ PHMY H CB. HHf(OJJe y rsapajy. . . lUI na (iH

If UpKBe Cs. fleTpa Y II rrpyre jeperaxe 06paTH y npar:socna8Jbe

EorOMOJIe 1-'1 •

MHoro601uqe, pasyMY ca CBOJKM enHCKono. M Y Pacy

" OH Y enD . ,

DO,n:ysHMaO re 'If Mei;yTHM JleDHM. Hat.:UfHOM. HHJe A\orao

KOpar<e ",aA, ') J

cse HY,)f(He ' . on YOOHlfajeHa ourrpa cpeacrsa CRora

erH ynoTpe6HO Je H yen ,

BpeMeHa. 6 je Y TO .lI.o6a Beil npHJHflfHO 8eJJhK, na

Epoj BorOA10Jla HOTe~a cpncxa npsnaaana TOj [epeca, Roja Je

Yrne~Ha Bnae ~ n

cy If aexa . a cTapoM CPUCKOM MHorOuOWTBY Hero paso-

OHna MHoro 6JIH}f( H au-a HHje xreo ,n;a caa petua TO nH'ralbe

Crora e,'d I'll . P A '

CJ)aBJbe. - 60p Y CBOjy npecronauy . ac. aa TOM

,n:p>f(aSHH ca

Hero n03sa }l<e npemrprce 0 spe,Q,HOCTM JI( ,WTeTHOCTIt Eoro-

ca60PY, nocne lJ.Y 6 113 ce ra [epee m3 H CURO't\ IItCI<opeHIt

a 3tUObYQeHO H, 0'-\

MonctH I • je t:beHO I<OMYHI1CTHlfl(€) " 3HapXltCTU'iK

H3 PaUtl<'e AP>KaBe,' jep CPIlCKO APYWTBO If ,Q,p)I(alll-iK H3npeJ(,aJ< ...

spno onaCHo no

y~e",e H KpeHY \flfTally BOjCKY nporaa .ICIIOI(OP"UX

nOcne rora 6 e~:a~: C~Jl3,lJ,a. Cae OHe, J{oju ce He xren we KP-

DorOMOJl3 H P a nexe If CrraJlHTH )f "Be; HM(tl-ba 11M OJW8P

"TM ,Aa[J.e YH"'UTHTH, y

CT "pKsaMa MaHacnlpHM3 H CI1POTHfiJH. lIHT}bY

If nOAeJUf OI{OJlHHM \ "" , •

Y no aHaaH HjCIUfM aaxonaaa np TI1H J peTHKa,

H CTapeWHHH fbHXOB I •

• +, n nporua a H3 aeMJbe CBOJ'e; a cee U,HXOoe

Aa,!{e JeaHK OAcenH 0

e nOKynuTH If [aauo na JI MaliH CnanIfTIt... A

aepcxe KfbHre AaA 6 K

LLa nooerorue MtlOrlf OrOMOJUf y eHY - aHY Y"

rora rOlben> ' •

JlHHY fllte ce HaCTaHHJJJe If YMHO>KHW . A y aUJI<OJ OCTaJJ. C A8

npa~OCJIa8Jbe xao jejHIHa Hllp()~Ha uepa : It aKO C If Ty j W AY

DOCJIe rora HaJJaa"JIO npnrajaunx npacranaua orOMonCTB H

MHoro6oWTBa.

He .. lba Je 6"0 HCfCpeU() nofjO}l(aH Bna,Q,aJlall, na je Ik»icHocT WTO Ay6Jb " Y Hapott CD J npow"

neJ'JIDHO Y paAY H." Y Y a A f1 H t.:ul!~n

en Jl A H .. ,.

THjCKOM TlYXY o6paaoBaHoM CTe~HY, YCTyna BtJlIDCC»IC:yn ••• npecro CB()j. a HajcTapHjeM ellHY BnKaHY OCTaB.lb •• ADa )f(eBCTBO·Y 3eTit H TpefiltlbY _. YpeAHBWH TaJ«) AP)I(UBe Olll.,. waje H noyqHBWH neuy CBOjy KaKO na ynpaBJbajy HapoAOAl eao OTH,Q,owe Heaarsa H meHa My AHa y MaHaCTHp. - Oft y

AeHHQY, casHAaHY 011. MpaMopa 6ena, a OKa y *eHCKH a

Co. Boropoaaue y Pacy. - H TaKO OA BeJlHKOr *ynaHa H,IC ..... nocrane cMHpeHH MOHax CUMeYH, a OA BeJlHKe *yoaH u no60)t(Ha .MOHaXHtba A nactuacuja,

Ilocne rOJJ.HHY naaa MOHaWKora )f(HBOTa y CTYA II~ ft. nOaltB csora HajMJla1jera CHHa Case, OAe CHMeYH y CaeTy ro rAe ra cas H caernropcxn KanyljepH C HajBetioM paAowtay K ~y6JbHM nourroaaisea novexaure. Ty je )l(HBeO Kao Hat_Itli.

nocaa«, re je ca CaBoM noaarao H AaHa 8Ha CD.ICI.

MaH3CTHp Xanaunap. - Hacxopo j Ty H YMPO 13 CDe:OD" ••

PaAR (5oroyroAHa >KHBOTa H M IbHH R ..... l'nIlIbr

aacnyra aa Ilpauocnasay l\PKBY It HapoA 0 KBt yG

U.PKBa H31lJa Mel)y npae caerarea, CBOj H Ie VDllHUltO

uauie cpe,L\t-hCIJ I{OHHe Ilpxae H Hsrn Aa, AI j 6HO ,B liM H OA auanor. MaTpaH j H

ce y onal.::1I0CTUM My patlan

ujaH It ao j j AH M u n

.MCYHa •••

II. 11[ ... 10 D8u .... (121

16 _ x ayKJIa je )l(RBa )l(eJha, lIa lUTO 8HlUe

PapoP,y H OeJIlIICH IIf TaMe HeSH3Jha H3Beile ra aa npo-

"'BY n OMe if UB .

H HapoAY CB Crora Befi y cenaMHaeCTOJ rOJJ;IItHf

KOpHcr JfX Hapona. , A ,.

8HC8"Y ~pyr 6 e y CeeTY ropy TOCKY xao npo~

CBerBY . a O,lJ; em

RWOM on po~HTfJb n a BOCJIaBJLa, ,lJ;a TY, JJ,a.TIeKO 09. C8e1'Cl(e-

rep 0 Cpe,lJ;HWTf caera- P oJ' K Y .u;PYWl'BY npocBe1ielfHx KaJIy_

caeTH MaflaCTHpCK

e Y TRWHHB aa npOCBeTHTeJbCKH pa,o; Y Hapo.a,y

spes. . e cnpeMH

,ltOCTOJHO C exe npe,ltaje H CTporOM aCf(eTCkOM.

~epa, 3a 0 ce y 1-0 sp

_ T

CBoMe.

ry r PaCKO ce ",copBa HaCTaHH Y PYc-

)f(B80 • C eTY OPY

"OW3BWH Y 8 ·.MOHa r,lJ;e ce 0AMax nOCTPH>Ke H: Aol5l{

~ CB nOHUlelltj ,

MaHacTHPY· eaa no >KeJbH cBeToropCKor CTape..,

KOM . eKt>r speM , .

HMe Cas«. nOCJIe H r qKH MaHaCTllp BaUloa~. T Y HIIJe OR HA WORe, n"elie Casa Ya :e Ray~u lUTO HOBO, WTO lie My YM naa-

aa nponycTBO, a A XOHRe QqH OTBOPHTH, ,Lta WTO ycneur-

p,a eRHTU H Il.Y .

BHrH cpue onneM I.e Ha anOCTonCKH pall Y napOli CBoJ.

' TO' KaJt& CM IJ

RJ'e MO)f(e pa~K I OJhHO ce cnpeaao, na MO}f(e H JlPY re

H pexeaa ,!lOB 6

A K3Aa je TOKOM B . Y XHJJaHAapy oxynao OKO ce e Jleno

iiHBaTH, ra,lJ;a je .

yqaru H npocoe Or oHne cao]e. tbux re Oil, OAnH~HH"

Kano MJI3,1lKX Cp6a U3 a~Bora re lKUROM pe'ljy A nHcallDIll

BOTa If pan a I

IIPHMeP(}M >KH . a MY 6YAY nOMOHHHUH Ha npOCBeTHOM

BpeJ(HO cnpeMao • .D.

«"'DraMa Hapoay Cpncl<OM... .

nOJhY paA3 Y C Y cseroropcxoj THWHHH CopeMao

• CBeTH aBa

IIOK je T3KO. aa anocroncxa pap" 113J1.BHna ce CTpalUHa

ce6e If Y"leHHKe CBOle OTa"6HHoM. _ MohHM nana I1Ho~

BOM cpnCKOM .,. •

6ypa H3,1.l fMtXO . 16) '{tiM je aayaco npecro nOLfCO Je O,lJ,Max

fieHTKje HI. (1 I 98.-1Cj2 6' UBYI.fC Y rlpff)1O cao]e qpKBe~ 11 era-

. "CBe p e np". 6

HaCTOJaTIf, Aa es BJI1{'au nar HaH filJaCTOJbY }beAt tI

C "H 3erCKH f(H I

PRjM 6par aa , :lie PHMOKal'ORJllllTBO IIpornacHTH y

11 o6elia nan", lUI C

ce6u'lHo_IU s. 0 My nana nouorue lIa opara Te-

Cp6HjH JlPlKaBHOM nepou, ax "a Ilana TO Ieaaa Jlo'lerca H 0IlMax

6 pauixor npeCTOJ' .

tjlaHa a aUK e JA na BnK3HY ca OOjCKOM nOMorHe.

ora f{paJba t'u\tpy, 1-\

YOYTH yrapcx 0 )l(elheHa IlHJha: 36allH CTerjlaHa C np crona

TaKO BmeaR Jlo~e \ HOM ae .. aJh3 y Paurxo], Te npOr/laCH PM Ill.,. (1202.) II oBJIaRa U;a:HY oepy Y ueao] Cp6HjH. AnM, nopeJ,l nan

lIarOJlHWTBO aa:: aH npH3RaTH H UPXOBHY nOJ.jHTH'IKY 8JJ y

MaCT", .apao je 11K ( 1203) no Til r Jla je CJJH" cy."",_

ra ....... a . Y HeTO speMe

;._ .I~c:.or lJJlaaaOl(a, O'ocaHCICora O'aHa yn

10 oApet u , 0 OMan nIJ1."J,;

IIfIIhIO "04 PI yr p

17

TalCO je ero caa CpIlCl(a QplC8a nOHOBO nOIlBJlatultl9la ......

Amt, Ta BIIaeT IIBMCMora nane HRje lIyro TPaillJlI. _ 11 YraJlCllOj

Clpao HaCTYOHlUe MepeA ... re Cre"'aH YIIOTpe6u Ty arollY _ DOMoliy OJIaHor My HapoAa a6alUl C npecTMa yrapCl«lr BaaIJlll Bluraua (1203.) A oner OOCTap,e CUOCTlIJIaH Bil3p,lIJIall CPIICRIL C 1I011pa1'Ko CTe"'aQ08HM Ha cpnCKH paW"H opec TO, npecTlIJIa je 110111'1110 R anacr PHMCltHx nana H3JI CpOCJ(OM QpKBOIl Y PawllOj, _ IIKO je CTetjlaa °IlPlKaBao IIJIHjaTeJbCKe aeae C nan3Jla, oa WTa OWl! 1I0llHHje H KpaJheBCkY KPYHy H3 PHMa 1I06AO - apROReN"""B 1Ip1ilo ...

Ho, H aKO je CTe",aH caBJlllJlao BnICllHa A 06ROOO DpaaoCJIaB1he HlIJIa8Hna ce CPIICKa AP)l(aBa Y TeWKHIl npan_KaIla H y cBaKHJlalLl!j ooaCRoCTA, lIa oner aannHBa v 6paTOY6an".H paT. CTOra 06a ClpaTa otiaBecTe Caay 0 CBlIMa HeBOJh3lla H DOIIO.y ra,

lIa ILII JIO!ie y "oMoli. Caaa 0AMax nOXATa BB XanaHAapa y WICy

na HaMllpH CBOjy aakpBallJLeHY tipally H OTIIO'lHe .ooerOile PIA Y Hapop,y CBo .. e. Ca cotiOIl nOBelle MHore CBOje Y'IeHIIKe B Doa ce

CBeTJlTeJhCKe MoliH oua CBora CHMeOHa, C3JI Bell MIlIIOTO ora

lipalia ra 1I0~eKawe C BeJlH'IaQCT8eHHIl 360pOM Hapollla CpnClIOr " RajcBe'laHnje caxpaRHule TeJlO HeMalLHHO y lLerOBoj 8IAYlIKCIaRR l'ienoj CTYlleHHIIH (1207), rae H lIaHac lIenolCyDHo 00'1 ..

1I00uaBlUH y CptfHjy a H811APll8WH tfpa.y CBojy a

oua caora, ocrao je Caea Y CTYAeHRlUI. AI Y HH

joui OOJbe npoYlflf >KHBOT HapoAH" It yn08Ha •

xole rpeda Jle'fHT.H H HCKopeu,H8aTH. Ty j

oxynao DeJIHKI1 6poj MlIlAJfx Cp(5a H8 paaH. .kp'''.ta HI",.

}fX ca CHOjHM CTapujHM Y'IeHHQHMa Bp AHO cnpe 0

T ' JbCf{Y cnY}f(6y y Hapolty CpnCKOM 0 J

rosao 11 caM no rpa_.o8lMa H eJJ

don j .II

O J'e yjep,HO, CoojUM aaHpe,lJ.HIIM ll,ltllJIOMaTCIUtM

n aBocnaBJb y. tI Ii

P OC06HOCTHM3, MHoro noaorao M 6paTY caOM

• aBHMtfKliM ell . . e

,llP" . a ce peUJI{ pasHltX HeupliJareJha II cpeTHO. nOCBpwasa

CTe~aHYIA 'we noenose. 3a ,ll.o6po OTal,l6HHf CBOJe H HapO,lJ,a

PadHe n().lfllTlh" . n ~

. C a npe3ao HR 0,11. HaITe1f(J1X nOCJIOBa. ~OuHBeHe· TeKO-

CHora tUlle as U.

DHHe 03JbaJIO je ca,ll.3 Y1.fBPCT"TH'COa na ce6)J(HBOT pKHe H HapOAa

6 aa .... j·aTH .MO)l{e. 11 aaa ce pso peura, ,lJ,a ynoTpet)u

WlO O)be p . .IPI. • ~ Q

Melia If 'f3Be,l{C jeJI,HO BeJHlKO ,lJ,eJIO, KOJe ae OHTM 011

npumil<e spe C H' '"'

OPIfCTH aa ueo pnCKH apon COHlY speaeua.

HeouelbHBe K .

360r Hecnopa3yMa ca CTe!JlaHOM OTHwao je Caaa OKO 1217,

Xun3HP,3P. Ty je oCTao HeRO speae H 110lfeO ce cnpeaara aa

y ocao A Kap,a je CBe KaKO BaJba npapenao OlHAe, C oao-

seJlHI<J[ n . ""

6pelbeM CTecpaHOBJlM, Tpa)lUfTH HeKOJJHKO Kanyijepa CBOjKX, y

t.\aJ]oa3ujCKH rpan HHKejy. TaJ,(3 ce TaA\O Ha~a3RlIa npeCTOHHlta 8113aHTHjcl{Qra uapa li uapHrpaACKora narpajapxa, on ~aKO cy JIaTHHU Qapnrpap,OM oBnap;anH ,(1204.). npHcneBWH y HHKeJY Caaa MyAPO Jf3BeCTJi u,apa, Ii narpHjapxa 0 onacH~CntMa ~TO npeTe OpaHDcnaBJbY y Cp6HJH OJ.( PHMQKaTonHwTBa, xoje HaTYPY1Y Cp6HMa He caao nane "3 PHlYla. Hero II ]laTHHH "3 IJ;apHrpaAa H Eyrapeke, a Ma~ apH H3 Y rapCKe, H OHJ.(a ax aaMOllH, na Ilpa aocnaaao] CpuCKOj UPKBU y PawKoj I1pH3HMY ~aMoctanHOCTI KaKO 6H WTO 60Jhe Morna YTBPJ{HTH ce It CBHMa Henp.RjareJbHMa OAoneTH. - BH3aHTHjcKH nap TeoAOT JlacKap If naTpHjapx MaHojJlo l. If caaa 6exy y BP1l0 Tewt<UM nOJ1HTH'iKHM If UpKBeHHM npHJIHKaMa, re cY TpeOaJJH TaKO YfJ1eAHe npujaTeJbe, xao wro 6exy Caaa H 6paT MY CTe~aH, Crora npHC1'ap,Owe na Mon6y CaSHHY, anD . rrpao noxyuraure Aa caxo J],eJIHMI1"HY caMOCTaJlHOCT ,naJJ,Y CpnCKOJ U.PI<BH. Ho Caaa HM paa- 60PHTO npeJ.(CTaBIl CBe onaCHOCTH OJ.( re nonOBHOCTH H OHH HajnOCJ]e npHcTajJ.owe, ao CpucKor apxueuucKoua y oyoyhe aoelllaB'" ",ojy u aocsehyjy COMU cpaou enucxouu, t5ea usassa ymullaja qapurpoiJcKora uompujapxa UJlU oxpuoccotu apxueUUCKOUQ. TaKo opaBocnaBHa Cpncxa QpJ<Ba Ao6H nOTnYHY C3MOCTanHOCT H naTpHjapx MaHojno, ca npHcYTHHM rp'lKHM enHCKonHM3 PYKonOJlO)l(H Cuy 88 enHeKona H nposaaeae ra O.llMax 31 npsora cpOCKor

eD.cICona, a HeKe lher08e nparaoue nocaeraure aa HOI cp cane 1219. npOTHB rora nporeerosao je oXPHA •••• , .. ..,rPR,le XOJIITHjaH, nOA "HjOM Je IN.II ........ Y lI'II~tI,*, Qpoa. AmI

19

CKII BaCe1beHCKII naTpHjapcH Y TO A06a K •

BPXOBHHM ,u.YXOBHHM cTapeWHHaMa H ' ao H paHHJe, cMaTpaHH q<oIlKMa. HaA oXPHAcKHM apxHeoB-

CBPWHBWH cperao oaa] BennKH II

nosparao ce Caaa H3 Hake]e y X Ilonpo CMHWJbeHH nocao

HJlJHJl,ap Ty H Y C

ce H KO apeae, paAH Ha6aBKe npeBO,lJ,a' onYHY aaAP>Ka

uptCBeHHX norpeoa, na ce onna BPaT: npenHc~ KfbHra H OCTaJtHX enHCKonHMa H APyn1M OJJ.nJ.fQHHM ; Cp6HJY ca nocBe'keHHM nOMoJiHHQ,H Y BeJHH<OM If TeWKOM Ka:c.nePHMa, KOjH lie MY (SHTH oCTaJIHe apxaenacxonaje Y APlKaBH" Y ypeijefba HOBe caao-

. opara My Creea y C .

J).01.feKarne fa C Ha]oeiioM. paAOWH 'I' aa, - P(SHjH

aajlaTKY CMKlllJheHO H OJJ,JlY"IHO nY If OH OAMax "pUcTynH CBOMe

. pe csera y roa C

HOM H BllaCTeJIOM CpnCI<OM OCHOB ' °PY ca Te«IJa-

, a HeKOnHI<O H

jf noaena ueny Apmaay Ha aeaer Bn OBHX enHcKonHja

IP T - a,ll,If'laHCTaBa' ce p

(rae, OUJlUlIU, Mopasuqa aa6a D a . AaM Y auixo]

a no jeAHY Y 3eTH (H3 n;eBJl3U:'\oi ;,MJbe. XBOCHO. UpU8peH):

• CTOHa aa Ilerseuruy]. 3a ceAHWTe omopa) Ii 3axYMJLY (KOA

CTI1P }f(ULlY, KOjH ,6aw y TO aoea apXHenHCI(Ona H8a6pa MaHa-

P ..... ,lJ.OBPWH 6paT M "C '"

CHHOM a)l.OCJlaBOM. Cae enlfcl(onHj C) Y Te",aK ca

pUMa, jep je rpaaoaa OHAa ClUJ10 M:JIO un: cy Hc.npaa y MaHaCTHCTHP" J],OOIfJIII Hapo'lHTy nOBnaCTH ' AOl.\HHJe cy HeKH MaHaenacsoncue cronaue Enacxormje uy, Aa Y thHMa He cMejy (SHTH

. . paSAenHO je CaBa

""laTe, a OBe aa napoxaje - HYPH' A HI uporono-

caae Cpoe, nporonone If cseWTeHHJ:~ WHJLykH HOBe DB on I

xpaieee y"lHO HX je O'lHHCKIi: Aa lia ~ y oApe~eHa H eaR

JeBaH1jeJbe If speAHO cnY)f(e cnY)f(() p ~y ~eBHOCHO npOnOBtAajy

CK~M jeallKY; na I<pHBOBepCTOO H oc~aTK:)I(jY Ha cpnCKo-cnOB H

fbYJY, a HapoA YTBp~yjy Y COHMa XPRwttaH:or0(50WTB H KO

enacxon AO(SHO je TaAa HajHY)I(HHje QPKB H M apJlJtH \iI ••

peHOM npenacy, a caew HCTao DO naJ~OJ~"ll ••• 01*1.0 npenHcHBaTH RnH n .... IUI... nt •• t.

A Aa ce XPHW aH nOAHrao je CaefK ~ .•• -

Malbe 6YA~HX CB WT R

(SpaT. clor.a ~T •• CP'.(

20

I: Cp6UM3 Y .llP}f{aBH HeMalbHlia; a YAa-

8Jbe Mel)Y . n

T8PAUO npa80c.na vpe-ijelbY IlpICBeHOM, y'lHHHO re ~PJ<By BPJTO

un aApaB OCJ-I08 . BHTKY cpncICe AP>KaBHf MOtiN. Cpncl(a

pu 81 11M ~"H "OQeM Y pa a a na YBeK Y HajJI en w oj I< H aj,.ewU,OJ'

tt3)flFl 6exy 04 T PI .•

U· a H .nP)K3Ba CHJIaMaHa HapOJlHoJ npoCBeTH 't

pUR JiH yAPy>KeHHM

"(,SUI paae

"'Tf<Y CUQlbUSQfbe mena _Ibfl'6SQ. - nOCJle

Hanp"" C Case u

3. C'Npm 8. CpnC-Ke I..{pKBe H KpYHHcaiba )l(HReo ie

aaBlfCHOCTH

rJlawetb3 He caMO HeKOJlHKO rOAHHa, nOMa>teyti ~ CB'

J1POJh Cre,aH nPBOSeH'IaHHM paJJ.Y A npen CMpT CBOjy (OKO 1224)

Kpa npocBeTHo, n .

CaBY Y }berOSOM 06H HMe CUMOJt MOHax.. OCJJe CMP1'H YBp-

nOK3ny~epHO ce H A ((Ba K }hera y 6poj CBOluX CBeTHTeJba. paJU{

IfJIa je CpnCKtl UP . lfIerOBHX. Teno therOBO H naeac tteJlo"

CT ""UK ,9;eJIa . .. . •

tlorl1X 6oroyro", Hacaeaao ra je !:herOB Ha]CTapHJHCJiH

AI CrY,lleHHUH. C

i\ynHO "OQHB3 y 234) KOjH je Y cnopaayxy ca CTPHQ~M a80M.

PailOCJ10R (1224.-;;-1 oCB~iiHB3IbY H XYJITYPHOM AH3alby CpCia. AnH, Hacr3BHO paJl H3 P saaaaaau H .MoliHa MaCTeJJa 30aQn ra

MOHaxHero B

OH 6ewe BHUJe . IC KpaJba MJla1jera . MY opara .IlaiJuCJlQ8Q

H8aupa 3a . .

c npeCTO~~3n)a eR Casa 6uo je y He3rO~HOM nonomalY aa BpeMe

(1234.-J.a-"t· •• ~ n e KOHalfHe npcaeae H3 AP)f(aaOOM npeCTOny. OBIfX HepeAa H JO 60Py }f\OIfY. Ty npeAap;e apXHenHCJ<onCKO Mecru cassa HapO)lHH ca p ApceHU'JY I a caa oae na nOH080 06H~e

'6 eM yLfeHHJ<Y ., C .

CBUM H3J OJb . H CHHaJ' If Eranar, a rora nyra HUJl'

naneCTH H)

csera xecra Y BpaTHO y CpOHjy. Ilpa nOBpaTKY H3 CBeT~

CB Casa if{HB I 3

ce BBIDe. • T,PHOBY 14. [anyapa -2 5. KG,ll BJJaAH-

re'fe fa capr y

3eM)be aa 6 apcxora napa Aeeua II.

eBa raTCTa yr .

CJ1aBJb 0 /f\aJJHO je MHoro WTO je Cs, Caaa Y TY~HH"

CpnCKH Hap A B Bna,a.JrfCJ1as xreo je oA.Max na npeHece

}If cusosau t-hero . C C

yMpO. Ant" Byrapa cy MHorO WTOBaJIH B. asy,

o MPTBO reno. J, " B

tberOB. 1l0nYCTHTH Tex AOllHHJe, KaAa Je caa }fa-

xreAowe npeuoc .

re He . . 0 TPHOBO TeWKOM MyroM ycneo je, Aa ICpHWOM

ItHClI3B nrjnua Y eJbeM csora TaCTa Jf3HeCe TeJlO CaBHHO H8

6yrapa c J{onyJUT ) p .

OJ( 'n esece y CBOjy 3aAy»<6HHY y alUKOJ -_ Y MaHa-

6yrapClle, H P (6 Maja 1237). Y TOM MaHaCTHpy 00'lH810 j

CTap MUAtUltBY . 'f a CHeTHlba' cpncxa, fpo6y tberOlly AOAU1Ir.

Caaa xao lfaJBe 1 p

POM He caMO Cp6H Ilpaaocnaaae H HMIOKI1701llD1l QJlO He I,

K SorOMOJIM, AOUHHje H ~yxaMeA08qH 1IIIJa~1iJI TBPlIIKo I; H aKO PHMOK Twa.'1I;

rpo~ Ca. y MIl ..

I

21

hOrOMOJI CWeBQH By,,~uh, C Jl,03S0J10M CY':ITaHoaOM npOrJlaCHO je ~e6e xepueroa KJ1H sOj80.o.OM Caerora Case - dux Sancti Sabbae (1448.), re cy no TOMe CBJ{ TO KpajeBH Ha3BaHH XePlIeroBuHrJM, l'ojy H nasac TaMOUUbH HapO,l( Haw Ha3HBa aeMJbOM UJIM 80jBOAHHOM Cserora Case.

To SeJIHKO nourroaaa-, I(oje caasaxy Ca. CaBH caa Cp6H 6ea pa3JIHKe sepe, H OHJlO ie fJlaBHH n080A, na cy Typ~ ueo noxper Cp6a KpajeM xvr. B. aa CJl060JJ,OM npHnHCHnaJlH YTHQajy Ayxa }I rena CaBHHa. Ila je crora BeJlHKH Be3Hp CUHaH-uawa Haltao uaaor, na ce reno cBeTHTeJbeBO norajao Y3Me H3 MHJleWeBe H npeHece non Beorpaa, rAe ra ie na Bpalf.apy 27. anpMna 1594. aao cna}JljTKJ C HaMepOM ,n;a THMe YHHWTH If YTHl,(aj tberOB aa Cp6e. Ann ce "PH TOM TYP4U npe8apHwe. ORH CnaJlHWe caao MPT80 TeJlO t::BeTHTeJbeBO; a po.o,OJbyOUBH ll.Yx tberOB )KUBH Y LteJIOM CKnony Cprrcxe Flpaaocnasne UpKBe H CTaJiHO aarpejaBa CRa cpncea cpQa mapKoM Jhy6aBlhY sa HapoA H Bepy csojy,

4. Ilpsu uooieonuuu Csemora Case. - ApCeHHje I. (Sewe .9.0CTojaH HaCne,lJ,HHK CB. Case. lhera je CBeTHTeJb aaBOJleo P~R .ao6pOTe If speaaohe, na ra yaeo aa caora HajMHJlHjer ¥'IeHHKa, nOTOM nOldoi1HHKa, a Haj nocne H HacneJJ,HHKa. OH je O,lJ,Max nowao cronaaa ceora BenHKor yqHTeJba. npocBehyjykH HapOA H YTBP'ijyjyhH Ilpaaocnaan,e v- fbeMy. CBOjOM OJlarowky, npHMepHIlM jfUfBOTOM II HeYMopHHM. pa.n.oM YTHl.(ao le oa CHa)f(HO aa caoj .M.:Jaije H craapao on IbHX JbYAe xapcra KaKakTepa, OAJIYIIHe. O,'l.rHllfHe npOCBeTHe pa,lJ,HHKe y Hapoll.Y CpnCKOM.

3a fberOBe BJlaJJ,e YAape J<POB PaWKY npao TaTaplI, Ha noaparxy 1{3 YrapCKe npexo J{anMaqHje H BOCHe, DJha'iKaj H 11 na.'1eHH cena, rpaaoae H ¥aHacTHpe (12 2.); a HeWTO o'lUlllQt

(1253.) npoapeure ByrapH H KYMaHH "IlK AO .II 0

nJha'tKajyliH H nycToweiur. TlAa je n

re ApceHHje I. ope e D CICO

cpncxe AP>Kaae, Y HOBO (Baaaeceisa rocno,ll )l(H'fICH. - OA TQI

rpHjapwHje (17

22 . 08 (1234. - 1243.) If YpOUl I. (1243.

'htBn B/laOuCJl Ha flpsoBeH'!aHora. - HaC.lIe,lJ.HHI(

qmcJ.(1I • l<)p~na~lt C8H08H Cre::H Casa II. Hoj" je ope "rora 600

- 127?, 6110 je yHY~ HeMa rOAuila ynpaazsao CpOC~OM IIpApcelUfJeB yM.CKH. OH j.e M~JtO etc 14111ao crorraaa ceora Be.1H-

Kon sax ) aJUI je ya IT

cnue 253 - 1270 , . I na [e U Ibera .... pksa YBpeTHJla

"80,' (1 ~~ lUI" yjaK. CaB\ ., apxuenMCKomlMa, KOjU cy 3aY38- Kora crp~ ceerureJbe. A Me y PTO Case II. (t. 1270.) "ajaMUle Me~y C80I:TO Ca. Caee noe~e C: epeAHoi;OM na norsy HapOIl"e MalHI npeOBawe no60}f(HQill ~ sa HUKOduM I. (t. 1324.) n iu:

O.llnJffl' yCTPOJCT ,

ce ere If ~pKBeHora. 6exy H OA.'1HlfHlf Kfblf>I<eSrUI pa,lUiHl.Uf;

npO~B II. (t. 1338). 060 JHlla H sa liP lila BY cp 0 CI(Y: CTpeT H 0 OoeBp-

HUll cy /t\Horo a3CJlyra "ce nocnose ca CTpaHHM .Q;P»<aeaMa

crfJ<JlIf ""nOMan::. M

a . nOBepelfe 11M A. J<paJha AparYTHHa M HJ1YTH1-ta,

ru3BaJHf H 3aBa~eHY 6pany -C e .... aHoM .l{eqaHCKItM. AaHHJlO ie,

II MIfP~f)) CH.HOM T ~ '. O· 3

MnJlyTHHa ca aHpe.llHO xpa6ap JYHal<. H re J 08.,

)(ao If . ce H Kao B . . ~.

Hille UOI(aaao 3Byl\HMa y60JHHX rpyoa, JYHa"fI{H

lUTa B, r1'paWHHM 15

moM CTpena H _ Y KOMe je OH rana ItO urYM3H.

J1o.ll Kif aC1'HP XHJJaHJI.ap,

6paHHO MaH . IKa J{aT2J1aH3.... .

npOTHO paa60JHl HeMaILH);a - ROJ" cy paooopl1-

-. . .. ~AMa. ,

J{paJbeBH cpnCK" OiKPTBOBHHM paAOM npOlllHPHJlH

YnpaBOM, xpa6powiiy H n JJIt [e yr'1eAHOM It lIWilHOM Metjy

ToM xe If yqUHH .

HHe AP}f{ase cpnc 0 cy OOMaraJIH apXHenHCKone H

rpaH .... _ cBecp,l1,H

tlraBaM3 eBponCf(lfM, . ILHXOBY paay, Te cy OCHHBaJJJf H

APII' JJ,eTas HUKe y

yre upKseHe npe e upxae " 60raTe MaHaCTupe. _

ap . OlJ,H3aJIH AKSH

HOBe enapX&jJe, If" mu« (1276. _ 1282.) cTeK.ao OC~6M"IIX sa-

TaKo je KpaJb p'pary . IlpJ(BY Y ceaepuoj Cp6HJH (Ma'!BIr

C npaBocnaBHY ~ en .

ClJyra 33 pnCKY. C C J·eAHJ.JM J\eJIOM aBOHHJe, rAe

) EOCHR H peMY B

H EpaHHlJeBY , 1284 _ 1316., C npeCTOHHllOM y eorpaJW

je 6HO B./J3,1t3J1au o,[t e~' Beorpaaa H. Wanu,a. OH je eHeprHlfHo

• ae6pQY H3 CaBH H3M Y THM KpajeBHMa H WHPHO HHTepece

. 0 "POTHB DOrOMOJJa Y yCTaJa

npaaocnaBJba... TCKH H csoie reno MYlfHO. - Cnaaao

H le OH )l(UBeO acse H

Ha1fe J H WHJbaCTHM JCaMelheM... a a.erOB

8 y rpo6y Hanya,eHOM TP:e: nena K KJh8CTH He caao HI CDIldL

AMalU. cy cHpoMa a'e.:n..1 MHoro je Hero 0

,rax AueKHX QoIu •••

MUIIYIIIUH (1282. 1321.),

JIIIIJ ..... H H don 0

cpncxe H BH3aHT.HjcKe. BojcKe Hal{ TYP~HMa y A HaAoJlRja. carpaAHO jenan YlfCTO cpncxa MaHacTHp y caMOM 1ePYCaJlHMY B noCBeTHO ra I{PCHOM HMeHY nopoAHl\e HeMatbH1ia _ Ca. ApxaHfjenHMa MHxaH.lIY H faBpHny. MaHacTHp ie 6oraTo oCSAapHO MHorRM Ao6pHMa H CHaO.ll.eo CBMMa nOTpe6aMa; a nopen lLera nOARrao je H OORHHU;Y c rocTHoHHQOM aa 6ec.naTHo CBpaTHwTe 60rOMOJLltHMa CJlOBeHCKor nopexna.t MH.lIYTHH je nOAHrao H H8JlP)l(aBao H MHoro ,lXpyrHx 60JJHHQa ca HapOlfHl'HM neKapHMa; a Hajnenwa My «Sewe y Ilaparpany, nospa] lberOBe aaAY}l(6HHe l\pKBa aa npOAPOMY. [enaa OA HajJJenllJHX QapKrpa.a,CKHX l\pKaBa. - Ty ·CYt Y QPKBeHoj nopra no lberosoj Hape.a,t5u, CBaKor AaHa AeJbeHe CHpOMaWHHM H crpaHHM asarue KOJIH'IItHe BHHa, ne6a H APyrHx lena ... A y CoJJyHy je rtonnrao uapcee naope, re U;pKBY CD. HHKone H Ca. Doplja. y Bapaiy, Y jY>KHOj I1ranHjH, nao je Ha'fHHHTH Y llPKBH Ca. HHxone cperipaa onrap, na KOMe ce Y naTHHCKOM HarnHCY oOHOell TO Ha3HBa rocnO,lJ,apeM xaraue aeMJbe 0.11. JaAPaHCKor Mopa AO ,i(YHaBa.

OH je aaacra If 6Ho leaaa 0.11. HajpeBHHjHX BnaAanalla cpn ..

CKlfX. Ap>I<aBa fberOBa t)ellJe Y OHO A06a HajcHa)f(HHja It HajyrJleA" Hwja apacaaa na llellOM eBponcJ(o HcroRY... QHa ce OA APyrHx ,l1,p)t(aoa OAJJJ.fKOBana n THMe, WTO je y !hoj BJlaAua, 88 OHO speae, rOTORO HelfYBeHa aepcsa rpnJbHBOCT. Y Billy cpnCKor KpaJba ceaeo je rana, nopea npaaoCJJaaHHX H Pit J('A"'jUIIU1ft ernrcxona, H 60rOMonCKH CTapeWHHa - oed H8 aa

~tnaf{ M Y MMJlYTHHono ,lXoCia, xao H aa BpeMe 0 IUIN

caMO npaBOCnaBJbe 6JfJlO JJ.p>KaaHa penHrRja ) Cpd

MHJlyrn" crexao MHoro 8aCJIyra aa wKpea,e 'y Iloxopjy a HapO'lHTO AaHawlhoj e Q ro'ItftJI~IR.

YMHomeH Ie H (5poj cpncKH enReKa .... 1tII

KBa je nOCTHrn8 nOTnYHo ypelltl!"e. teJbe. TeJlo MY je H n

BalbcKoj. a noCJJ 0

Tpenxe. O~ITJI



rAe H AlBIC no •

MY

24

. ··X MaHaCTKpa aaumx Bucoxe lle'lU1te Y oJ}ua

A HajJlenWn . . . ~I IfH"

' no TOj' BeJUPlaHcTBeHOj aa,o;Y}f(OHHH CBOJoJ AOClJ.IQ

netm Te je lia-

IIMa~ /Ie 'l.t1HCKu) OH je KOA Tor MaHaCl'Hpa nOAHrao Jot ypeJUiO

A 6 ruy KOjy je LJeCTO H caa noxaijao If Y II:.OJ· 00

BeJlJfKY OJ1HI .... , . . . JlHe

If r euruo Cpncxa Llpxsa npH3HaJJa je H Fbera aa eft

HHAfleaao e-

,. • • a TellO MY U ,f{aHaC nO'flofBa y t{eLfaHIfMa ...

TIlTE:'lb3 csora :

III. Det.CKa Harpl(japmBja. (1246. - 1459.)

l. fipol'Jlawelbe Llapctttea u nampujapwuje. - Ca. Cl'erpal-ta aacneaao j'e aa cpncxox paWKOM npecrony fberuB cr. H

l(eI13HCf(Or I-' ~I

,aYUlOH (1331. - J355), To 6eWe'lOBel< BaHpeAHHX YMHH}( cno-

6 a ya TO jax BOJbOI'r', 1f3ApmJbHB K xpaoap. PaaOOPHTHAI

co HoeTH. ''\

M PanOM ycneo je OH 6P30, na rpaHH4e cpncJ(e n.P>I<aBe

If O,llnytfHH ~ C _ .

OruMPK 3a therOBO spexe pOHJa nocTaAe Hajjalfa np-

3HaTHO np .

fiaT1KaHY a CpnCKH Hapoa crese yrnena Y LteJIoj EB-

)Kaoa Ha .1 1

, . O CltM ITy6poBHHKa, DOCHe 11 Cpeaa, CBH Ta,ltalhH' enU11.fKl1

pOUlf. ~ ~ y .

cpncxa xpaiesa 6exy rroa lberOBOM aaaumy. 3 TO je nOI{OPRO

rpnHMa OTeD 1\\Hore aeMJhe: ueny MakeAOHHjy ca

Byrape 11.... . . • C '

(BeTOM rOpOM. na TeCaJIHJY, A,pOaHUJY If Enup, pe1'IiO]e paTo-

8aO H ca Ma~apHMa, HajonacHH1HM ceaepnaa cyceAHMa :BOjHM ... A xana je BeJIf.{KH neo rp'lKH'X aexarsa Y3~O non. CBOJY BnacT aaseo ce MHIll·'hY, .lla J1 caa L.tapHr~aA OeBO]H, re ,Qa aa MeCTO crapor BH3aHTl1jCKor Ilapcrsa OCHYJe HOBO CpucKo-BuaaHCllUjCKo LJapC([lBO. Crora ce, LfHM je ] 345. aayaeo C~p) npornacHO

CprJa u rpKU AmI( no OH,QaWJ-beM o6H'taJY H .o.p>KaBHO-

JlapeM . J. • •

npaasoa CXB3r3JhY, rpetiano je p,a narpnjapx KPYHlilue HOBora

Cp6H cy 111et:yrM.\\ HMaJIH caao apxaenacicona. Crora AywaH

l~apa. I) H .

caasa casop y Csoane, na peuia TO nararse. a Taj cat10p AO-

fjollJe, nopen cpncxor apx.nenHcKon,a If emtcJ(ona. C HrYMaHHMa H nporaxa, 6yrapcKH narpajapx M3 1 puoaa, OXPHACKH apXHenHCKon ca CBOjUM enacxonaaa, HrYMaHH If crapua Csere rope, na 8 rp'lKH enacxona Jf3 ocaoleaax 06JlaCTH. M CBK TH npeACTUHHIUI LlpKBe, cnopaayxno C uapex H BJJaCreJJOM cpnc~oM, aaKAY .. IW Ha llsemu J 346, ,lla ce Cpncxa ApxHenHcKonHJa nporn Illp:JJapllIujoM, a AoraAaWfbH apxaenacxon jQHultujl, BP'IIIIII

H H JlorOTeT (AP)I(aSHH rajHBK) J,(ywaHoB,

~ p p6a R rpKa. - Celli

PSOICKlfM naTPIlJ.l"XCl~. ~_.

2S

nenora caeopa xpyaaca AYWaHa aa uapa, a CItHa My HejalCGra Ypowa sa KpaJb3.,.

TaK(, eTO MYAPHM It PO,ltOJhy6HBHM pa,a,OM AywaH08HM A06Hwe Cp6H napa H naTpHjapX3. Ta,o;a cy 3HaTHHje cpncxe enHcKonHje (Cxornse, Ilpaspe«, Bera Ii PaWKa) Ao6Hne HacnOQ MHTponO-!lRje, a KaO npsonpecronua CMaTpaHa je CKOnJb3HCKa, jep je 6Hna Y npeCTOHH'~H uapeao]. O."\pH,IlCKa ApXHenHCKOnHja, Koja je Ope TOra rOTOBO norpseaa C)HJJCl, ,a,o,wna je uena nOA BJlaCT }.tywaH08Y H ocrana je caMOCTaJJHa C THM, ,o;a npHaHaje npBeHCTBO '1aCTR neliCKOM narpajapxy, Y Iboj ce OJl caaa DOlleo 6pao BpakaTH CJlOBeHCJ(H It epncxa xapaxrep ...

Ilocne KpYHHcaaa Ay uraa je C lJ,apHl{OM JeneHOM nocerao cae aatlaCTMpe':l Cuero] fOPR H 6oral'o ax o6AapHO cpe6poM H anITOM, CKYfJOueHHM O)le>K.JJ;aMa, Ct;J1HMa H 3eMJbaMa caoje APll(aBe, a Hapo'lBTO HeMalbHHY aanY>KC)HHY XHJlaH.n;ap. MIL1YTHHOBoj aClAY>KC1RHB cpnCHOM MaHacTHpy y JepycaJJHMY aapoaao je AywaH ueo AaHal< Ay6poBalff<H aa CTOH; 60raTO je o(5AapHo °H qpKBY CB. HHKOJIe y 6apHjy y I1TaJHfjH. no rJpHMepy CBOjHX npeAaKa carp8.Allo je H ce6H 3a,o;Y)I{(JItHY·MaHaCTHp CBeTHX ApxaHi;e.na MHxaHJla II raBpHJla J(O)l Ilpaapeaa (1347.), rAe ie H caXpatbeH KlAa je YMPO (1355).

- Ty je OH nonarao II (jOJIHHUY ca CBRMa OHoBpeMeHR norpe-

(laMa aa nel.{efhe It HerOBatb~ 6onecHHKa... A • npaR pOCK. narpnjapx JaHHhHje noaarao je HeKOJlHKO aaAyJK6HHa 8 po Y Ilanecruaa, rne je carpaaao ABe qpKBe: jeAHY Ca. HlIKOIIe Taaopy, a APyry Co. MnHje aa rop" KIPMllnY ..

2. Ype'be1be Cptuxe l/,pKlJe sa /lyUlaHa. - 01'10 B8IU JHU<Y If CHalf<HY APiI<aay nperao je AYWIH AI je Te YAapH 3Apaa OCHOS aa KynTYPHo-npoc rnasaor paAHHKa H apeHor nOMar 'Ia npe,QCTaBHHKe npaBOCJl88H QpK8 japxa H saurer CB W H

anacrene: a QPJCB H

ooraro je AapR8 0 81 •• ~".

npaBHMa H no1tJl.""u ......

H "POT MI. _

PAY,,,.

26

27

aaKOHa BeE je H IJ,OTJle nocTojao xao J{OHa. - JejlaH ;leo T~~UIHe HJIH fao HapeJJ.6e npeljawfhHX cpn- 06HQajHO npaBo O.ll ,l.\3Yrlf cy yaeTH aa aaaauraicxor aaKOHO,[taBCTBa

- an anaaa a.llP

CKHX BJJ 1"1 '. 6aMa BpeMeHa K3MefbeHH H ,[tonYfbeHIt. JeAaH

nneMa norpe . . 6

WlU cr =r . Cepy 1354- ,[tonYHHo je TY a HPKY ca HeKOJTHI(O

p,DU;HlIJH ca60p Y TafCo je nocrao ,ll,ywaHoB Basonu«, KOjJf ce

HODHX lfJIaH3Ka '." JlHlJHHJ'e aaKOHHl(e nenor CpeJVber BeRa; a y

6 J'I1 Me~y HaJoA -1::. •

po . H qnaHaKa, KojKMa ce ype~YJY sepcxa H ~Pl<BeHh

}be y HMa ADcTa

'K y CpncJ(oj ~apeBHHH-

O.llHOW;~ ToM 3aKoHHI<Y H llPyrHM HaBOpHMa apXHenHCKona "

. . . nCKor 6HpanH cy OOHl{HO cpnCKH ,l{pJKaBHH Caoopa

narpHJapxa cp BJlanao,yeM a enacxone nOCTaBJbaJIH cy APXHje-

y cnopaayMY C· 1'0 ....'.. • .. _

, . C - Haa6paHH .apXHenHCf(On II narpajapx nOCTaB1L3lf

peJCKJ[· "HOAKCS Caae II KJUfQaJlO My ce: MHoraja JbeTa! THTYJIa

je Ha npeeTO • , 6

- 6 CJIH':IHa KpaJbeBcKoj H rrapcxoi: 'IO suinoctau O'JICjoj

MY Je IUlaoa u aOlllpujapx C8UX cpaCKUX U uouopckux eeuan« ...•

apxueUUCK 'J 11..,

BaH je ca - Teoja Cnetuacta. BOp naTpKJapXOB, yno-

a OCJlOBJba _ -

PCKHM Damno je Y CTapOJ QapeBHHH aauroj xao YTO-

pe.Q,o c 1.13 ,. • .

~HWTe (a3HJI) aa 6eryHJ.~e-npecTYlIHIfKe. KOJe eYA roan, ~ QapeBJI

II KpaJheBH nOJIaramr cy csesaae aaxaerae npea naTpHJapXOM H apXHenHCJ<ORO.M, KOjM cy ca eUHCJ(onHMa nOTmtCHBaJlK H nOTBp~H" BaJlK CBe BeJlHKe napcxe .H KpaJbeSCKe .Q,apOBHKue MaHaCTHpHM3, ..

ApxueuucKoauja l.f eaucxouufe IfMafjaxy caoja aapoxar a JJ.oopa ca CeJIHM3 H KMeTOBJlM3; a BJla,l(HKe rropen TWX H M3HaCTHpCl<QX npHXO,lJ.a HMaJIH ey u noce6HH ilYXOBHU ooxooas on HapOJJ,a, J(OjH ce Ha3H8ao BpXOBllHa If OUMH.UI40• Taj npHXOJJ, KynHJlH cy aapoLJHTH H33CJraHHUH emfCKOfiCKH - ersapcu. DBH 6exy yjeAHo It HaJJ.- 30PHHLVf upKaB3, n3poxKjcrwf CBeWTeHCTBa H peJJllrHjCI\O-MOpa)IHOr >KHBOra sapoanor. - Crora je /lywaHoB 3aKOHKK aa6paHI1o, Aa CBeTOBlbau~ nocrajy eraapCH ...

Ilpomoaoue H napoxujcso ceeuauencmuo yonurre nOCTaBJb3J1H cy Ha.rwe)f(HH enHCJCOmf y cnopaayxy ca BlIaCreJUfHOM MeCTa aa Koje ie CBewreHHK nOCTaBJb3H. - thHX je H3AP)l(aBaO HapOA csojHM npHHOCHMa y npKpOAHHM nJJO,l{OBHMa (T. 30. oup). HeKH cy HMaJiH caole 6aWTHHe, a OCTanH cy H OA BJJaCTeJlHHa ,lJ.06HSaJIH aa Y)I(H" &me rIlpU #buse SQKOHUme; WTO Hac noaceha aa AaHawa,e cecufe

Y DonBjN KapnosalfKoj. CseWTeHHKA je 61JJO no paSHH", AI

ro 1'uo, AI je Ha jeAHora AOJJaaHJJO TeK no 20 Ky o IIIIUIfHCICRM JCpajesHMa (Sexy TaKO PeTKB,

.......• OJlI8IIJIO H DO 7 e ~a C 200.3

Crapa ApmaBa uauia t'lellie cranesora AP>KaBa, na je Ayro Bpe.eHa CBeWTeHHKOM Morao nOCTaTH caao CHR CBeWTeHHlfKH aKO KHtBry Hay'!H. Ho aKO CRH CSelllTeHHKOB He 6H KtbHry H8y'lHO, ry6Ho 6H CBa CTaJ1eWKa npaaa caora oua " na,lJ,ao.y craaese CeJbaK8 - COICalbHUKa.

L(pKBeHu cytJ OHO [e Y BenUKOM yrneJJ.Y, re je CYJJ.HO H Y rpaijaHcKHM CTBapHMa CBMMa JbYAHMa HaCTalbeHHM na QPKBeHHM H MaHaCTHpCKHM aeMJMIWTHMa; a TaKOBHX Y OHO Ao6a 6ewe apno Maoro. - Ty [e nexcao OCHOB ,lJ,OlJ.HMjOj rpaijaHcKoj narpalapauixc] H erracxoncxoj BRaCT'" sa Typaxa If y npso speae nOCJIe senaxe ceo6e Y YrapcKoj ..• /l,YXOBHU cyiJ ya TajHY HcnOBeCTH BpWHnH cy caao aa TO HapO'HiTO oApeijeHH l<any~epH, cnpeMHH H yaopna >KUBOTa crapua 3BaH" OYXOBHUl4U, ROj" cy A06HBaJlH CBaKH caoi OKpyr A na ce aaTPY MHore npaaaoaepaue, OCTane H8 MHoroC)Qj-Kal.fKHX spexeua, Y WHPOKHM MacaMa HapO,lJ,HHM, YAapeHO je Y ,UywaHOOY 3aJ<OHHI<Y CBOM crporouray crapora aaxoaoaaacrua "POTHB npaasoaepnua '" Bpal.HJUHa, acxonaaaaa H CnaJbMBatba MpTsau,a, - T060)KlbMX BYKOll.Jlal(a Ii T . .It.

Yrnejl,Ha If 60raTa unacrena cpncxa HMa..'1a je Y CBojHM ABOpOBHMa iJoJHafie 'IPK8C " caeurreuuxe, KOjH cy HM o(5H'IHO 6".1H TajH:H'lJ,H JI Yl.fHTeJhH neue J.bl1XOBe. - A no HeRH BJlaCTeJlHH nOAH" rao [e ua CBOMe aeM1bHIIITY 11 MaHaCTHp, re ra 6oraTO CHa(5AeBao CBHMa norperiaaa.

3. Oxpuocsa Ap xueaucsoauja. - 3a speae BJlaA BHH 1IaTUHa y Ilaparpany, Y npso] nOJlOBUHH XIIl B., ycneno je yr pHMa AI nOH080 oananajy MaiieJJ,oHHjoM. AnH je Ta MaCT aMO Hel<OJlHIW rO,lJ,HHa (O,lJ. 1230.-1241.), re caa Ma~eAoHHj nOA BHsaHTHjl{e. A J(pajeM XIII. B. (no'l am OA I npBoj nonOBHHH XIV. B. nOTn Ae OICOJJHHM aeMJhaMa, nOA cpncxe I( PYJ(aMa ocraaa .. IT BeK. A"",.,,,,.

jHnH TYPQH. - noCJIU II e n

AeJlY «Sewe KPan. M rHHYo 1394. r MIlP'IL nft.~IIIft ......

Hajj I nnl!ftlllllOl"

28

Bpene cpncsor rocrrosapcraa Y Mal1eAOHHjH ()elll

T' e anal'JrQ

uooa NlatieJlOHCKe npournocrsr, aaa re TY nOH080 no~

,... eo Aa c

paasuia r<YRTypHH H npOCBfTHH }KHBOT, aRB ca CHa}f(HBM C e

, . q , POCK.,.

oDeJlemjeM. Ha JaKO} rrO,£(1I03" rp KO-BHaaHTHJCke QPKBeHe

)JJ'f3aQHje, cpncJ(~ Bnat\aO.QHH npeJJ;CTaSHHQIf QPRBe pa3Bltja::e:ry xpoa l.fUTaB Je,A3H sez, cpnczy HaQlfOHaJiHY 06paaOBa y

, Ct::· ItOCT H

J\'Hore zpajeae KOJIOHH808aJIH ca poaaa 83 ~eHTP3JIItHJ( c

M -b pncJ(ll}(

aeMBJha, .. Crora cy YCKOPO C8M ane.u.OHl(H CJIOBeHCl{e HapOJOfOCTH

CMarpaHH Cp6HMa; na H uap t(Ylll~H y CBOMe 3al<OHHKY OA 1349 II 1354. r, Ha3HBa cTaAHoBHBKe CROJHX aeMa.lha caao Cp(5I1Ma, rp~ QHMa H Ap6.aHacHMa. HaQHOHa}J~a CBeCT c.pncKa, I(oja ce TaAa Y MalieAoHHJB YTBPAHJl3, npeuina Je y nYHOJ CHaaR nOA TYPCr<

rocnoaapcrao H Ayro ce non fbHM OAP>liaJI,a.,. 0

fOTODO H eBB HBjlfcTaKHYTHjH OCTaTLtH BeJUfKe AlarepH'

M l- " Jamie

KyJlType oaora BpeMeH3 00 aneAOffHJH jecy 3a'!{Y)f(OHHe cpo

' CKax

uapesa, xpaaeaa H saacreae, KOjK ey HX M3 TeMelba rpaAI1JiIf. A

H ocraraa CH3)1(He t(YXOBHe xyzrrype aaure OHora BpeMeHa O'fyB3HH cy rrpHJIHqHO y ~eJlHMa KfbJtJKeBHOCTH H nHCMeHOC1'H, r<oja cy ooer rrpOH3BOJI OA1HfEJHHX cpnCKHX l<aJly~epa If UHcaQa

. no

MffOro6poJHHM .MaH3cn-rpHM3 paaaCYTHM ITO neno], a HapOIfHTO

Ceaepaoi MaJieJ.{OHHjH. 3aTo je H ,QBHac [our, rrOCJ1e CB.Ux HeBO no

. . M :a- Jba

If aesrona, Y HapOAHOJ rpaJJ;HUHJH no ane~OHHjH AyI501(Q ypeaaHa

ycnoaeaa H3 OHa nena speaeaa cpncxor uapOBalba H TY>f<He J{3He aerOBa nponasarsa, na crora MateAOHl.(H YBeK caMO cpncs

' e

BJlaAaOQe H cpncxe KOCOBCKe H APyre lYHaKe HaaHBajy CBOJ'HMa

. "

nesajy If X y necaaaa,

Ka,.q .cy cpncxa BlI aAaOl.(H sa rocnOAapHJJH MaiiellOHHjOM HHe YJ<HHyJJH OXPH,UCUy ApXHenHCKOlTHjy, aeh cy je OCTaBIUIH Ka! AP~ry cakocranay l.(pKBeHY orinacT, nopen neliCKe naTpHjap-

WHJe. AnK HarJle~aJ 1(a cy OA raaa aa apXHenHCKone H H

ceone Y Iboj nOCTaBJbaHH caxo Cp6H HB Cp6Hje H MaileAORIIj KIA je y 6orocJlY>KefbY H l(fbH>KeBHOCTH YCKOPO npeBJJ~ 0 CKo-cnoseHcKH jeaHK, KojH ce ~p}f(ao Ayro apeMeHa H OCR TY.PQIlMa. Ho BnaK rp~KH KapaKTep re ApXHenHCICQ Brao HHrca.q nornyao ~a ce Hary61f, re cy P". npeuaCTH AoeTa naKO ycnenH, A Joj 001110111.

".lde rp'lK IlpKBeHe o6R

Y8:I.U18 I'I!l1IfMI

nouuale, HenOYSAaHe fpke enHCKone caellllo je e .

H nOCTaBHO Cp6e... Taj nocTynaK H8_0 je CUHO ·o,. ~

Ilaparpany, KOjH je oeli crpenao opeA CBJIOM BOIlOR QapCTBa. J.1 nocne HOBHX oCBajalha AywaHOBHX HI ID THje, uap JOBaH l{aHTaKYSHH uarosopa coora J&yd_ ........ cxor narpajapxa KaJ1HCTa, Aa tSaQH ~pKBeHO "POICJI,..,..rueMY sa t{ywaHa, naTPHjapxa JaaRliaja H caB cp call_ To6b)f(e crora, WTO cy CaMOBJIaCHO npornaCHJlII naTp il ... -_ Cpncxy Apxaenacxonajy, KaJlKcT je nocnywao uapa H 1352., a_YnI:

I1)'HMK uiecr rOJUlHa aaa nporJlawelha naTpRjapWB.Jet aHWreJ' •• [e Cp6e .. , fPUH cy MHCJUlnH, aa. lie THMe ydBTH yrJleA cpncKoM Llapy H naTpHjapxy. HBaSBaTa HeaI.AOBOAC?80 y " .. LY

H OMeCTH aanpenax Cpncxo] QapeBRHH. Meljy AY'DHl.Y'

narpajapxy JaHH1iHjy, xao H lherOBy HaCJIeAHHKY I

MHoro CMeTaJIO TO aenpaaeaao - DOJIHTI'IKO nOOlUlllm:ftl1O ycneumo HaCTaBHwe caoi POJJ,OJbytSBBH pal •• C--'.· Cpncxora Hapona, AJiH npOCTH KapOA H H H3PO'lHTO cpncxa caeroropcsa kaJIyljepH D01feme ItIIftU ..... : • __ cy TO npOKJIeTCTBO xao OeJUtKH TepeT. CTOfa Ie 6H1I0 nocra JbYAH, KOjH (Sexy npOTB8HB", OCROIIIaIIiUl 0.,.. ...... H jasxo cy )f(aJlHJIH, WTO HHje OCTIJIO 08 ypeouo" ...

To Heaall.OBOJbCTbO nO'leJIO j C nocne aarne CMPTR AywaHoB (I nora uapa Ypowa V. (1385 - 1

KJleTCTBa .,. DCtIlU~alllC_ta .... 1 ...

H YrMIUII. KplJ'h··II1I1 •. l¥I"., ,1 __ •

e npe:eTOJ ....

30

JbaMa WTO ce ,IlU)f{Y'ceeepOHcTOttHO OA Wap nJlaHHHe AO AYHa8a ..

u 6 y 1106a rora aaurer uenarsa YTBPAHwe ce TYP~H Ita eo .

1'1 aill ;4 • J POIl-

KonHY re OKO J 363. OCBOJHU1e eApeHe If Y Ib' npeH

CKOM ,.. . . eWe

npecToHHUY caoiy, - fOJJeM~ onaCHOCT O,ll _CHJlHRX H CBe)fUIJ(

TYP3Ka ocefiand cy CBIf, a HaJBHme rpQR H YrJbewa, RojH fieJ[y

np8H Ha y,napny. .

3aje,o;HH1fKa oaaCHOCT npnCHJlHJJa Je H rpKe If Cp6e

npoMHcne 0 aajeJlHHqK~j ~A6paHH. - 11 Bei; 1364. caa naTPHja: f{aJlHCT, oaa] MCTH KOjll Je 6aQHO npOKJIeTCTBO aa Cp6e, AO~e Y,IlOBHQH tlyrnaHoBoj uapHqH J~eHH y Cep, lta nperOBapa 0 HaAmpeJobY Cp6a If Fpxa t(OUHHJe cy TH nperoaopa OlSltOBJheHh c Y r .lDelli OMJ (WjR [e 13.68. npacrao aa r JI,a BHH .YCJIOB, .a;a ce Ila pH .. rpaAcKoj naTpHjapWRJH nospare CBe enHICKOflHJe, UJTO IIX je I\YlUaH o.Ltyaeo. Ho Beft 1371. r. Y 6op6H c TYPL(HMa aa MapHQH, 3Cior He1l3)f(fbe H JraKoYMHOCTH, nocrpanaure HaWH npeua raxo, .a.a H BYK3111HH H YrJhewa ocranoure MPTBH aa 60jIfoMe noa.y, _ THM HecpeTHHM 60jeM op;nYlfeno je : Aa JJK tie Cp6H HJUf TYPl(H 6HTU rocnOAapn aa 6anKaHY· H Fpua HHCY KMaJlK BHIue BaUJTO A3 ce eoie Cp6a, re CKnOHH 6exy o,lJ,M.ax Aa ce ca CBMMa H3MHpe. Tpeeano je caxo A3 1<0 ORJJO aanoaeae TO nHTatLe •..

Y6pao nOCJJe 6HTKe aa MapHl(H YMPO je It uap YpoUJ V nOCJIe,lUbK HeMalbH1i. Y Cp6HjH nacraure npereuiee npHJlHKe ~

... xopo npaso 6eaBJla~e. Taaa ce nO,l\H>Ke BeJlHI('H BJlaCTenHH cpnCf(H KHea Haaap II[ y cnopaayxy ca MHorOM A~yroM BnaCTeJlOM npOfJI3CH ce BlIallaoqeM cpncKHM y aaocranaa r<pajeBHMa YpoUJese Ilapesaue. A IfHM ce rnac 0 TOMe nponeo nojaBHUJe ce O/.\Max y Cpr5HjH CBeToropCKH KaJ]y~epH c npeAJ]OrOM, Aa nocpe/.\yjy y H8 .. MHpelbY fplJKe H cpncxe ~pKBe. KHe3 Oaaop H neiiCKH naTpa[apx Caea IV. npaaaure ra] npeanor H J 375. OAe jeAHQ nOCJIaH CYBO Cpncxe UpK8e y Ilaparpan, nOA BO~CTBOM CBeToropCkor J(aJly~epa Hcauje. HOBH uaparpancxa naTpHjapx C/JU./IOlDeJ tJ w paaYMaH H 06pai:108aH lfoseK, re cpncxo rioCJlaHCTBO npHMH Ipno n.ydaaHO. OH ce 6pao cnopaayae ca uapeM josaHoM flu GIl

CI eaojN. CB, CHHO,QOM, Te nowro cy sell cae rp DOIDOeae (JllJle i..tapHrpaAcKoj naTpHjapWHJR, e H npH81faAe ycraso Y JlHKOM Hcrak8fT Ga )'Jy I

OHH ,D,01jowe Y crapy cpncxy npecroaauy npaapeH a n CBeLfaHO oncnyxceae nUTyprMje npoxaraure iaaao y U,PICBH en H3MHpelbY Fp-nce H Cpncxe U.PKBe, Te cKHHywe aH8TeMY c:a oGa cpnc~a napa H 06a npaa narpajapxa. - Ka,o.a ce 0 TO e rJlac npoueo aasnanana je onurra paAOCT no sacuenoa npaBOCJIa8HO CpncKoM Hapony ...

5. npol1aaalbe cpncxe oozcaene caMocma/'Hocmu. - 360r onaCHOCTH O,D, Typaxa KHe3 Jlasap ie npeueo npeCToHHQY y pyuiesau Tana [e, ya cpncxy BJlaCT H HapOAHY caary, H npOCBeTB C KynTypOM nOTUCKHBaHa ca Jyra HaWHX 3eMaJba cse 6J1HHCe t(YHaBY II CaBU. '" Bet RHea Jlaaap nOAH>Ke caoie aaAY)l(6RH t .MaHaCTHpe Pa8aHHUY, foplbaK H OpeWK08HQY, noaaneeo OA OKM KpajeBa rne cy HeMalbHtiH AH3aJlH caoie aaAY)I(KHHe •••

Y uecperao] ChtTUH ua I(OC08Y nOJbY 0 BR,lJ.OBY A I

jyHa 1389., nopen usera cpnCKHX [yuaxa, norH6e H caM KH

xao MY1.1eHRI(. ,,3a I<pCT ~aCHH II cno(50AY 8J1aTHY." T j nopaa

aaaao je cpncxoj AP>t<aou nperesca« y.n.apau rOTOBO caMpTR

Jlaaapea CHH HaCJle.n.HHK Cuiedia« BUCOKU (I38Q, I 27)

MYAap n xpa6ap anaaaaau, Te je HnaK y neo, aa OCB JIH'fHO onopaaa CpnCKH Hapon OA T uree norM~HJ Bpaiiajytm ce je,[J,HoM ca 60jHwTa y M no] HjH rJt

)Vi noaasce TYPl.\UMa, CBpaTHO j y Q p A

BHCOKH uacnos iiecaoma. OA TaAa HIILt" natutBajy AecnoTHM8 cpncKMM ...

na [e npen CMpT CBOjy BJiaCT Y p6Rj

cecrpahy c,yp1jy BYKoaHily- PI y

na n AU lberOB CMH JI p, K j

MUHy. 3a ap M A

HeKO HI{O nYT KJ10HHna CBOM

2

ie PYKOBOJUfJI3 nena HaMepa,,o;a ce re CBe,qpH(aBe cpn.eKe cnoje y jeAHy, f\oja 6H fioJbe l'dOrJ13 TYPLtHM3 O.llOn~BaTH. Alii" je sa Ty KOMChf" tIDllHjy Belt npeeacao 6HJlO. Ya TO je npeTlf~a onaCHOCl', Aa he ca ,llOnacKoM pHMoKarOJTIfLfKe 60C3HCKe AHHacTlfJe H Y CPOHjy .!J,ohH

aCT PHMOKa'rOJ1HIUTSa, a He1ufHa BlIaCieJIe O.l{JIY"UfJla ce npean ...... npe

U aa TYPKe Hero sa PUM. Ta anacrena nporepa i<p3lhelnrJia Cl'e-

q,aHa 83 CMeAepesa H osy npeCTOHHl.(Y ,o;ecnOl'cJ(Y. ca u,enOM Ha .. nal1eHoM H nOp06JbeHOM 3eMJbOM npeaane Y PYJ(e TYPU.IfMa (1459) KOjlf Deli ca BeJHlKOM BOjCKOM ,o;OWJIH 6exy nOA rpa.ll 'laYPi)ea. A. TypUlf OAMax UeJIY Cp6HJY npersope Y nawa;~YK If TaKO OCTaAe rOTOBD 400 rOAHHa.

Ilocne nasa ,l(ecnoToBHHe HH Bocaa ce HHje MOrJla Ayro 0APH<aTlf. thy CaBJIaA3We Typ~14 BeH 1463., a 1 ~2. nane H Xepl.(erOBHHa. HajAy}t{e ce o,ltp)f(.aJla cpncza BJJ3CT Y 3eTH - JlaHaW!bOj UPHoj Fopa, Ta je 0611aCT, nOClleCMpTH IIOC.JIeAHJera oaJJwHha (t 1421.) npanana JheroBY yiaxy necnory C~e41aHY BHCOJ(oMe K f-berOBHM HaCJIe,llHHUHMa opaHKoBH1iHMa. A KaA3 je ,i{ecnoToBHHa nponana 3era je nOJl CfWjHM KHeaOBHMa [lpHojeBHiufM3 ioru He.Ko BpeMe >KHBOrapHna C3MOCTBnHHM }f{HBOTOM, npH3H3BajyitK sac MJleT3lJI(Y a 'qac TYPCKY apxosay BnaCT. Ho 1499. uarY()H H OHa nOTOYIiO CBOjy caMOCTanHOCT H 0"1 cnojeaa ca CKa,a.apCKHM CaHl,laKOM.

Taso eTO, sa HeWTO aaure Oll CTOTKHY rOAHHa, yracj.f ce ~t nocne,Ltlba HCKpa crape cpncxe ,a.p>KaBHe caMOCTaJIHOCTH.

6. npouada/tJe cpucse qpKBeHe caMOCmaJlHOcUlU. - C n3AOM AP>KaSHOr jetl,lfHCTKa onanaaa je K ry6HJJ3 ce Mott npaBocnaBHe Cpncxe UpKBe. Y pacuenKaHHM If !teCTa xpsaao 3aaat,eHHM JlP>t<allaMa HaWHM, xoie cy ya TO rO'I'OBO HenpeKHJJ.HO MOpaJle Aa ce 6paHe O.D. Typaxa, Ma~apa ~ MneYHlia. paayae ce Aa tHI Y QPKHeHoj ynpaBH, IfHje Morno CBe nOlmlLHO UlffH. Crora cy l.feCTO Ha BHCOl<a llPKBeHa nocrojaacrna J(onaa"'JUI II TaKOfH1 JbYAH, f(OjH CBOMe yaBlfwe .. HOMe n03H~y He Oexy nopacn« ~ HH CPQeM HH YMO,". J1 MecTO AI MMpe 3aBa~eHY RJJacTeJlY if ,ltIiHaCTe cpncxe, OHM cy YMenH jow Aa pacnapyjy oraie 33BHCTH If .\tp}f{fbe, a noa snawhy CBOj"X nonKTH'IKHX rocnoaapa OHM cy Oll.PUl.(aJlH nOCJJYWHOCl' C80Me BPXOBHOM nornasapy - nehCI(OM narpsiapxy - KOjH je tjHO nOA ana

WRy ,qpyrora BJlaAaoua. jacao je 6KJIO OJ;lMax, Aa Ie n~o

AP Hor jeAHHcTBa nano H upKBeHo jeAHHCTBO, HIKO J "'."'X DO ""eHY K AaJbe Ba)l(HO lCao 8PX08HR nOlrJltI •••

_.-. CPDC ~plC8e, no C8HMI ICpaj H

1M. LWIJlnH

33

OBO )f(anOCHQ CTaILe nauie I..\pKse OaaaRJlO ce OCO~HTO JaCHO oe1i nOCJIe CMPTH naTpHjapxa Case IV. (J376.) T8Aa ie TPe«SaJJo Haa6paT.H aosora naTpKjapxa. Ho naTpHjapxa ~Bpao je AOTne llP)KaSHH caoo1J ca BJlaAao~eM CBOjHM, a caaa Ie ~HJlO Bawe TaKOflHX caoopa H BnaAaJIa~a. Crora ABa HajyrneAHHja cpncea roc noAilpa, BeJlHKH KHe8 Jlaaap H aer My "Bypalj BanTIffi. KOjH je Ta,IJ.a BJr3JJ,aO 3eTOM H npHapeHoM, c neliH H OKonHHoM, OApe,IJ.Rwe Aa ee y neliH cacraae caCiop caa If X apxHjepeja H HrYMaHa CpaCKHx. H3 CBHjy xpajeaa, re Aa OHH, 6ea MKaKoaa YTHl{aja IIp)l(aBHRX BJlaCTH, caMH ce6a Ha6epy BpXOBHora .o.YXOBHor nOrJlaDHI.\Y. AJIH, K3,l(a ce ca60p cacraae, He 6H CJJO)l(HOra paAa. Muora npe,IJ.CTaBHHUH l\pKBe aaure, yrneJ.\aRlUH ce ua TaAawlbY ce6H'Iuy H aepoJJ.OJbyOHBY CBeTOBHY anacreny, xrenoure If aa OBOM AYXODHOAl canopy, ,lJ,a aacrynajy caxo caoje JIH'IHe H npOSHHl{lIaJ1He HHTepece. o onwTW4 HHTepeCHMa rOrOBO RHKO "Hje aOAIiO npasora pa'lYHa. Crora, nocae Ayre, 6ecDJlOAHe npenspxe, ieaaa je,IJ.BBqe H8a6pawe aa narpaiapxe 'iYBeHa nYCTHlbaKa - CTap~a JeifJptMa. KOjH fSewe BPJlO Do6o>KaH H aaJhaH '10DeK, ana He noaaaeeuie C8eTa H )l(BBOTa. JerppeM je CaM. ocehao na HeMa noaaaa aa TaKO Te)l(AK nocao H MonliO je Aa ra OIlpOCTe re AY)I(HOCTH. Ho KaAa My HeKH POAOJhy6H >KUBO upeacrasaure npexy DQTpeCiy QpKBe 08 ce HnlK npHMH H86opa, AJlH, Be1i no.cne HeKonHKO rOARHa Y8HAe OH, A& IlonYCT }bHROM H cna60M ynpaDoM CBojOM He MO)Ke HIIWT. KOPRCTHTH QPK8H, re aaxaana na naTpHjapaWTBY (1382.) H OAe HaTpar y nYCHftby CBOJY.

Ilocne K0COBCKe KaTaCTpo«jle (1389.), ROA paa OPHTO ynp- 80M Creqiaua JlaaapesHila. KojK je ycneo AI oKynH BetlHHY po

CKHX aeMaJba nOA CBOjy anacr, HacTynHne cy H W 0 tion.

npHJ1HKe H sa Cpncxy l\PKBY. MAHaCTHp n J

BOj AP>KaBU, anK MaCT n CKora n Tp j ioui npocrapna HI npaBOCJI BHY po KY .. u."g

()eti O,ll 1374. pa'lYHIJI jla'apclCG ~lIllta'"I1~"

japxa HnaK ce ojl'fIO, H HeKon HKO enHclCooaj • DHCKoDHjR. KIJUl QB A

H np

4

'iUH" AOLlHHje y PeCOBU MaHaCTJlp (1407.) H orpaAH

cp J.I.liwre ua 3 .

31101'1\ aa o6paHY· a TaJ MaHaCTHp pese 3HaMeHwru

fa LJJtT3BliM rp • . • ."

• f{tJHUl4 jow npe nOlI.;t BeK2., na lei "Hal3HaMeHKTH)a rpa~e-

apxeOlJoCr 6·' a MO)l{~a u Y EBpomtlo• Y fieorpa.n.y OOHOBH Ma'l8(lH-

BItHa Y P "jU, .' -I- C'

uiy H ~'lAe npenern y:-b .¥"QnH B. UemKe (MaJ'Ke

ell)' MumpOUOJl v. . ••

) "apHlle Ce .. Teo(Pu.wle, xoie Je fberOBa MaTH Mu-

IlapacKeBe If '"\ I: J ,./;

BH"OM YrJbeWHHOl\1 J<aJlYljepHUOM efJJUAcujOM, y BH-

nuua c YIlO 10\ • . "

I 6 0" CBora aera Balaaara, Ka.n.a Je oaaj 1398. OCBojH'Q

-«'tHY 110 H)l3 l"> C Il C

MHmma je IlpBQ npesena B. erxy H B. Teoq:,aH~J'y

BUJ1J1H. -

J{'pyilleB3U, Y jlBOPCl<Y npxay. .

y 3a p'eC[10ma 7Jypfja ,u.owao je Beorpan nOA Maijape. Crors

je OH carpap,MO rpa,ll CJlf,eOepeBO ce6H aa npeC.TOHMUY (1430.). Ty je 06H0BJbeHa crapa 5p~HU"leBCKa MumpouonuJa. ~M3 u.apHrpaAa

e cy MOEH CB. Je03HijeJUICTa .nYKe apno _BeqaHo y CMe-

npeHeceH ...,. .

na coeTHTeJb 0YAe aaWTHTHI1K rpany 11 ueno] CpnCKol'

,!lepeBo, .

/l.ec nOTOB'1HH.

. aBO npltnHqHO nOBOJbHO craa.e Cpncxe U,pJ<Be HapYWJ1We

6 TypUH K3,1la MaJlO aa THM noxeure npOBaJbHBanl y Aecno-

pao po6~IHf nanehn " oTHMajyluf, To je 6HJ10 HapO'IHTO 011.

rOBHHY . '

]439., l<aAa je ueJ1a .llecnoTo8MHa npsa nyr ~ana Y PYI<e Typ-

UlfMa R octa.JIa non fbH.Ma AO 1444. A J<a,a,a je neil nana non TypKe ycneo je naTpHJapx HKKO,lJ,HM II. na 6ap aa .HeKo '8peMe (1451.-1453.) yrrpaaea If OXPH)J;CJ(O.\\ Apxaenacxorrajoa, KaJl,a ie OBa OCTaJla yrrpa)f(lbeHa. MeijYTHM, OXPH,lJ,CKH apxaenacson, xao CTapJfjll nop,aHHI< TypCKH, WHPHO je cae saure caojy HJJaCT HaA CprrCKOM UPKBOM H jow.aa )KHBora ,a,ecnoralayplja caMOBnaCHO Ha3HBao je cede puampUjapXOM 6Yl'apCKUM, CPUCKUM u cesepHUX (BJlQWKO-MOIl(}aBCKUX) cmpasa", Taxo je BnaCT nehcsora narpa-

japxa H caMOCTaJlHOCT Cpncze Ilpxae raCHJIa ce ynopeao ca Ht'CT~jalbeM cpncxe AP>KaBHe caaocranaocra.

7. pUMOKamO/lUliKQ Il.pKBa Y Cpt5uju. - Ka~a je OCHoalHI caMoaMHa Cpncxa Apxaenacxonaia y )KH'fH 1219. y(Spao je DOTBCBYTa PHMcKa I.U»KBa H Ha cpncxora nOMopja. nOA BapclCDM ApxuerzuCltOaujOM OCT8JIH cy T3):ta BeliR HOM eaMO Ap(SaHICH

~ .1 Y Do.opjy, OA Kpoje H }bewa AO BYABe .

... 110 y CIIJ(O rplAldly H TBpt,aBH HMana no jeAliy IJIIICICOJIJI erconllj 6ane apJlo lUIJIe K CH ajane H nODY

.. ,., R1UI 0""' __ .... 1 ...... •

enltCh:omljy Aa 1l0TtUtHH ceca, BapaHH cy ce TOMe 0AJIY'IHO oaB pa.rrr, a npn TOM. cy ox YReK noaarana cpncxs 8JIaAaO~B. alTO cy OHM, - ((atJ.a Je 1247. tb6pOBa'fKa ·L\pKBa nocneAIJ,H nYT noI}ywRJ1a ;!J,a nOT4HH.H EapcKY ce6H, - onaxo HcnpaTHJIH nocnaHH1<e Ay6pOBa'fI(Or enHCI(?na: "WT! ce Hac Tij'fe nana? Haw roenoAHH "paJb Ypow HaMa re nana !... ApXHenHCl<Ona 6apCKor nOCTaBJhaO je nJIW caa rrana OJII1 ra je 6upao «auiuon (cBeIJlTeHCl'Bo) TaMowa,e Kareapa.'1He L\pJ<Be C8. bOp'~a. Ilon Iberono.'l vnpaaox 6HJlO je .,IlOC1'a MaHa~THpa [jeHefJUI(CUOBa pena : .a Meljy IbHM,a HajsHaTHHja 6ewe onaraja CB. Mapuja Pamauxa KO~ Bapa. fuy cy xao noIUIOHH'fICO Mecro H ~y6p08qaHH MHoro noxaljaJIH. Me~y CPpalbteQr.t_KuAl MaHacTlfpHMa HajaHaTHHjH 6ewe Cs. Cplj u BalCxo Ha Bojanu KO,lJ, Cxanpa, rne cy OHJle rpotianue crapax AYKJbaHCKBX xparsena : a OJlJlHlfHH cy OIVHf H MaHacTHnu. urro HX je nOAHrJla KpCL'bHua cpncica JeJ1eHa AH)I(yjcKa ca CHHoBHMa )tparYTBHOM • MHlfynfHoM.

/(OrIIOpCKa Eaucsonuja ca caCiopHOM QPKBOM CD. TPlltJHa Bet; OJ]. ~I. ,B. nO,TLlHlheHa 6ewe apxHenHcKony TanHjaHcKor SapHJa y A nyJUfJu, na je rako ocrano H J<3Aa je I:(OTOP Aowao nOA cpncxy 8J1aCT. W~a suure, I\OTOPCIC3 EnHClcOnHj'8 opow.paJi. J raaa rpauaue csoje U ua cae naTHHCKe napoxllje H 0 paaoauaae no ueno] cpncxo] AP)I(aBH BaH rpaHMQa Sepc enacxonaje, To cy CiHJle He caao upxee Coca H /l,aA atRlllUIIlI4. no tbHXOBHM KonoHujaMa y PYAHHQHMa H TP)I(BWT 0Jl .GDe.~ oriane no Beotpada H Fonyuua .. a Ayala,. H ro .. ,lJ,pr<Be u MaHaCTHpH y nOMopjy, I(oja cy pHMOKaTOJJH'fKY Tpe~HtbCKY " aaxy KpajeM XII. B. H8 pncxe AP)I(aBe OCTpaa nOA Ay6poBa~KO I1TaJlHjH Y .. HHRJle cy ~apOBHMa o6acHnan npBR AOKJIOH Y'.1180

6

6 B3'1KOr AoxoTKa, - na ce cBewTeHHlUt

rosa /1,Y po J .

Jlapa O,IJ. tbe fberose mUBe H MpTBe. ow re JtywaH

a }befa If .

MOn Eary 3 )f(eHCKOM BJIaCTeJJHHCKOM pHMOJ(aTOJlH'fKO","

)laBao rOAM. WIbH ,l(ap}f Ry6pOBHHKy;a 6eHe,lVtKTOBCKH MaHaCTltp

C8 KJlape Y fit • 1409

M3H3CTHPY • . oCTPBY MJ&elllY, KOJH . npHCBojHUJe

C(1NKWO Mapu]a aa .0 J'~ ,l{apoBHHQe cpncxax BJla.o.aJJa4a 011

ce6H lfMa 1'\

lly6pOBQaHH I ra /I.O uapa Ypowa ...

npBOseH'faHO

Crelj>aHa e O,ltHOwaje cpnCKHX BJJaAaJlaQa ca PUMCKOM llpl( ...

OBe ,D.o6p AoeTa If KpaJbHue aana,o.tbalJKOr nopeKJ)a'

BOM nOAP){(aBaJle cy npBOBeH'JaHoraJ a Hapo'Jl1TO ¢JpaIl4YC1CUI6~ Mlle'lOHKO AHa }f(eHa a ypowa I. ~ Tana cy [our npaBOC1I3tHHf leI/tHO AH>I<yjcKa meHHCKonH 3aje,lJ,HO yqeCTBOBalHI "PH HeKHM,

TOllHIJKH en 3

"pKMOKa 11M noC'JIOBHMa... AJla Beli nocne 1 00., Ka.a.a ce

p,p>K3aO-npaBH PHMa y ABHfbOH, npecranoure TH Ao6ph 0/.\

eCeJfHllIe H3 . -

nane np OIlK TOMe 6exy C JeJI.He crpaae CYKOOR Cp6a

. f)laBHH yap ~ .

HomalH. HHacTHjoM AH>KYBHtfaua, KOjR cy TaAa BJlaJI.aJ)1i

ca ,paHIlYCK~ .It KOj a c APyre OC06HTO )1<t?CTOKO nporafbafbe y HSUYJbY K rapce dpaBOCJlaBJha y YrapcJ(oj aa KpaJha Jlajowa

rrpaso wanfpalb

If Y '. aa H Y CPOHjH HeMa smue ONe craps TOlle-

r CTora ce 'lYle, ~ fA "-'

. . a PRMOKaTOJlaQHMa. n Ben Je XPaJh MhJlYTHtI

HTHoerH npea

pa . a >KUBOTa (t 1321.) noseo 0AYSHMaTH HMafba

npeA KpaJ csor n

"pKBaMa If MaHaCTHplfM3; a uap ~YillaH y CBO. Me 3a-

}JaTIfHCKHM '-' 6'

1349 npomfcyje crpore KapeA e aa oae, KOJH npllrplIe

KOHJfKY OA . '.

J10rnUHCKY jepec", sa J1aTHHCI(C cueurreuaxe KOJUH nor<YUJaJY ~po-

I) -l;y CpouMa H aa .\\eUJOHHTC opaKoBe. Ira BHwe, 1350.

naraHAY Me,} . .

. .... 10M o,ltyaco pH:MOJ<aTUll1f4l(e l.4pl(He II MaHal.:nlpe

llYlll3H je I.: •• J n

I. aHUI<3 If npJICHJIHO UK CBe A3 IIpHMe . paBOCna8Jbe, na

CBOJHX no,II. .

aao I{PCTI1TH -- To je 6}IO onrosop ·Ha nOcTynaK

JfX nO"080 1'1 I.' • •

JJajollJes Y Y rapcxoi ca IlpaBocJJaBHHMa .... TeK l(aJl,a Je !bUJaH,

H3 nOJUfTHYJ<UX o6311pa, crynao Y onuouraje c PHM~'(HM nanOM Jf npaxasaaao ce xao Aa To6o)f(e }f{eJJJ1 npJ.fMHTH YHHJYJ npHBpe

cy o6yCTaH.heHI1 nporoua PHMOK3TOJIJ.fKa, npaheae liM l4PKB

MeHO . A .

" MaHaCTHplf, na If nponaraana JtUnywTeHa. JUf, lfHM re onaCHOC

npeluna nperoaopa cy c nanox nperntHyTJ.f H nporoacraa HICTal

esa Crora je nana " 1I0CJle CMpTH /(YllJaHOBe noxyurao AI n

H KPCTaWKH par ua WUJMamUKC p6, T je 88 y

IIOW KPaJb yrapCKH. M Deli ce y a ~y CJqJIIIIlHiJ

.... ,.~_ ICpcTawa Ila HIlY nporas d t

JJeTlfCa, rA C HaAIO (SOJh YCJra!r~.;~~i

Ilocne Ayw3Ha crynan« cy Y npajaTeJbCKe oAHowaje c nanaxa cprrcxe .u;HHaCTe y 3eTH - Bamuuhu (1360.-1421.), aJiK je II TO 6~IJJO 6ea BeHHx ycnexa no PHMCKY l\PKBY Meljy 3eliaHHMa. .Mel)YTIiM D,eCnOT 'f,ypa-g BpaHKOBuh CMeAepeBau jeAHHH OJ{ npaHOC.'1aSHUX anananaua HHje nocnao caoje H3aCJJaHHKe ua ca60p y CPepapy 11 cfJJlOpeH4ujy 1438.-9., KaJJ,a ce paaano 0 YHHjH I1cT01ffte li ::1anaJJ.He L(pKBe. A xana je lJYBeHH ljJpatLeBaQ JOBaH J(aaucmpa«. npOnOSeJl,HHK xpcraurxora para npOTHB TypaJ(a H jepeTHKa, oanerao necnora 'Byp1ja JJ,a npHMH YHHjy oarosopao My je necnor: Aa je ope rOTOB yltipeTH. Hero HanYCTHTH Bepy orana CBOjMX. 3a TO cy M }herOB" nonaaaua nocne lberOBe CMPTH pa1l.Hje npHCTaJlM ]I( ya Typxe, Hero lllTO 6H ,Il,OnYCTHnH npeBJIaCT PHMCKe Uplme y Cp6"jM.

BIIUle ycnexa UMana Ie PHMCka U.pJ<Ba y CpnCJ(OM nOMopjy. xoje je neurr o y XIV. a BetmHoM y XV. B. nouino no,o. BnaCT Mneaia-ace 11 llyopaBQ'lKe Petiytinuxe. - 06e OBe AP>KU «Sexy onaue PHMoKaTOnHllJTBY, re y cBOjHM o6nacTHMa CBHM CIIJUIMa nacrojaaaxy, ,Ila H cTaHoBHHlJ,H JhHXOBH npacryne y KPHJlO PHMcxe Llpuse. M ycnena cy. 360r Tora cy MopanH H cpncxa K8ny- 1jepu aa MaHacTHpa na CmoHY, - ROjH je J\ywaH 1334 yCTY nun ][y6poDl.laHHMa ya CTaJI8H rOAHWIbH AaHaK, - Aa HanYCT ('Hnj .\\3I1aCH1p H npecene Y MaHaCTHp J(paJha ManyrHHa y J p -

caJTIII'Y· A Ay6pOB[laHH cy H8 MeCTO IbHXOBO .0.08 «i»palh Bit

[.1 /(OHlIBJbaHU J<OJJ, J].y6poBHMKa MopanH cy CBJlO AI

PI1J\\fl"tlTOJUfUJTBO. A 1455. r. H8peAHne cy e

JIa LC npaHOCJTaBHH l<any~epH H CBewTeHHqu

u;{ II~.'lOr Koropcxor Ilpaaopja, na H ca AaHaW r

Jl,lIfn a KOA Koropa, rne je B CaBa 121 r

Apxau~ena, nOCTaBHO HO CT JJHIl)' T

IIHhl1 IJpaBO JlaBHH Cp(5H 0 AIIIIJI¥l.1rllll~.ua

MOPJY Bet;HHoM cy KacHHJ oCII"._

C:laHJh H8 BpeMeHa TY

8 BocQHc"a LiPIt.

38

7 enalle nana yrapCKOM K31l0IJI<OM apXHenHCI?

tla 124 ' np PI ~ "ony

Jf Konaq· f]paBocnaBHH HHey acnpaa Hli J1Manli Hap

all fiaCHOM. . 0-

BJ)aCT H fiaCHlf HaJJ. IbHMa cy BPWHRH AYXOBHH Han

emtCKOna y . p . ( n ..... aop.

'Juror CICU enJlCKonH H3 auixe r'la6apCKH H Mona

OCJJ3B"H cpn' n' BH ..

npas a Anll Hit PUMOKaTOmIQr<a .L.I\pKBa HHje y So

) "lfa 3axy AiJb ' • T . CIIIs

IjJ{H . LJBpCTe opraHItJ3aU;HJe. Y je non YTHQajeM Doro

UMaJla HHf{ap, ~ . ..

a3BHJl3 ce jep,Ha HOBal He TOJIISKO JepeTH'tjKa, 1(0.1"1<0

MOJlcrBa P I roxsa Ta je U;pKBa .l{ouHJ.lje Ha3BaHa OOCaltCKOM If))

WHBMaTIILJKCl ~... • . .._ II

4PKBOM )-bOJ je nparranana Ii senarra 60CaHCl<H

KpadiOHCKO.M aTomp"~HX enJfCKOI1a JIB XU. Ii Y nOLfeTKY XIIJ x,

To60)i{ pHMOK I . • 8

'. era HapO~Ha JlMeHa " 6exy MaXOM EorOMOJHf. •

OHM ROce lUi ' . , .

360r HearOJJ,Hor reorpatPCKor n.OllmKaJa If nOJUITH'iI<Hx npH ..

E CHU cy BepCK~ OAHOllaJH CraJiHO HeCpeljelH1 Olin JIHf{a yO. oJM.

CTOra cy EorOMOJUf Ty HaLllJIH spno arOAHO 3eM~IfIllTe sa IUhpelbe

csoie HaYKe, na ce o.llarJJe paUHfpHJIH If no ,l.{aJ1MaltHJH, XpBaTCJ<Q.i. C.llaBOHMjD II YrapcJ(oj. fbux QBAe HIley Ha3HRaJUf oorOMonHMa Bet no J1aTHHCKOM namapeHU.MaJ WTO cy .MHoro MO.mfJlK Oqe liaUl (Pate'r noster) Hl1M no Patari-u npe,qrpaijy Y ~HJlaHY. rJJ,e ,HX jeolVIo

Y Cp6Hj'II oner 3Ba}!" cy If X EatJYHuMa, jep HX]e HaJBHwe 011.'10

"'Horo. M !k .

OKO nJJaHJtHe Ea6YRe non npIIJIenOM y aneJ(oHHJ«", UJIK nOllY-

.va lep cy ee ~oCTa J(pmaJIH H npaBOCJJaBJha. - Mel:YTlIlI 8epqU ) IJ I",

OHlt caMH y EaCH" H Xepl(erOBHHH naaaaaxy ce YBeR caao }(pu-

WfiOHUMa HJUI Jr.pcllljaHUMa.

nOCJ)e 6aHa J<y/lUlW (t 1204.) 50rOM0J1CTBO je nOH080 OTJt ..

MaJID MaxayEoCHH. J.1 nana XOHopHje III. 6ewe HayMHo 1221.Aa ({peHe KpcrawKY BOjHY nporas EocaHau;a. Alln nlfje Morao ycnera, HaKO je a60r rora 1225. KanOlff(OM H3J,l6HcKyny npenao BpXOBHY J,lYXOBIIY MaCT HaA SOCHOM. Me~Y!HM, aa oaaa HUHOCJla8a (J232.-1250.) BorOMOJl" ee y fiOCH" TaKO YMHOiKHwe, na je seh H8rJ1eAanO AI lie PMMOKaTOJlHKa caCBHM HeCTaTH y BOCHM. jep je H caM PHMGJCarOJJHIJJ(H 6HCKyn oocaHCKH npewao ~OrOMOJIMMa. Crora nan no HOBO H eHeprHLfHO nOBBa CBe aanaaue XpMw1iaHe HI KPCT8W paT OPOTKB 60rOMOJJa Y EOCHH, Hape~yjyhH na ce llaAe nOT, onpoCT rpexosa CBMMa, KOjH HAY Y ra] par, Ilana je TOM RD •• ' ICO yCDeo H (Spao ce cKynH BeJ1HKK 6poj Kpcr8w n HI je OAUx OTnO'leJIa H DOJlHna c ny H cpe OM, Ho Kalla H yCo- .... ,···

h .... Uft ..... w. Clanillajy lbIaIlOIIe .UO lIP

pa,u.HTlf~ na HCKopeHH SoroMo.'1CTBO HS Beene. Flancxa xYPHja KaJIOLf.KH Hap;6HcKyn nocaaure OAMax MHore ,aOMUHUICOB'4t 8a .RcaOHape y BoeHY, Te noxeure AKBaTK QPKlle B MaHaCTRpe H rplAHTH Tsplja8e sa o,n6paHY PHMOl(aTOnHUlTBa Y TOj aeMJbH. A XpBa1'CKR 6aH KOJlOMaH ,IlaAe oocancxoa ()lfcKyny npocrpaaa Ao(Spa ca 1301('0- BOA' ~ C lIaBoHHjH. . Ila anax OA caera rora He ()H KOpHCTR. Jep 'tUM Je yrapcxa BOjCKa H3HllIJla AH)f(e ce tiaH HUHOCJlQB ca CBOjHM EocaHUHMa H CBp»<e BnaCT yrapcxy, re 'BorOMonCTBO oner AH)f(e r naay. WTa esnue, oocaHCKH 6HCKYO Mopa~ je .na HaoyaR SOCHY If npeceaa ce y r.,aKOBo, re Aa ce lluB..,aTH aarpar TeK rrocne CT-O rO,IJ.KHa (OKO 1340.) - Tana le BPXOBHH ltPKBeHH noraaBH14a yEOCHH QOCTao 60rOMOJlCKH iJjej), KOjH ce HaSHBao H eaucxyn L/,pKBe Bocancxe.

3a Te 6op6e YBHAeo je nana H HoltelfrIluje lV., Aa WHpelbY PHMOKaTOJUIiUTBa Meijy Cp6HMa MHoro CMeTa H ynoTpe6a JlaTHHcsora [eaaxa H nHCMa y QPKBH. Crora je 1248. AonycTHo CJlOBeHCKO 6oroCJIY)f(eae II r .naronceo nHCMO y Xpsarcxo] CelhcKoj BacteyOHju U no CHUMa KpajesKMa rne je TO H AOTne 06H'Iaj (SHO •• MeJjYTHM cy aa 6aHa CTetiJaHa 11. HacTynHJJH R y BOCHM 60JbH AaHH no PIIMCKY QPKBY. Tana ce If tiMcKyn (SocaHcKH nOBpa

H3 'BaKoBa, na je y t{YMJ4Y ocuoeaua aa BoeHY HOBa • Konllj

To ja'lafbe PHMOKaTOJ1It'lKe I..{pKBe OCO()HTO ey no DO orn

lheBUH, KOjH cy Y npaoj n0J10BHHM XIV. B. OAP)I(aJI 0 AY

AOMHHHKOBl.{HMa If O,IJ. TaAa rOTODO jeA"H., Doa H POAM yja'lU, OAP)f(aBaJJH PHMOKBTOJlHWTBO y SOCHR H xel,,,,NI"IB1.

cy acnpaa aacraaeaa (SHJJK CIMO Y PYlR APyrHM Jla~HHCKHM KOJlOHHjaMa, ana Y

BUJIK aHaTHY nponaraHAY. ItM cy ... lr.JIrn DOJIAlU.

cBewTeHHQH, KOjH cy 0 • 60caHcKHx Kp8Jbeaa ••• "apoAY H nOBMO Je nOH

je yrapcKH KpaJlt JI noaeo Hoay ape.'lale •• ,~.I

ax. AJt

40

aJba ,Lta6uw,e (:J 39 1.-1395.) BoroMonli TaKO Ce nocne CMprJ{ xp nO'lfJJ1f PYlUlfTJt p.HMOKaTOJHPIKe ~PKBe J.f MaHaOCIfJlJfJW, na cy tha ABa 60caHCKa xparsa, Kojn cy cacaula

. Ho 3a nOCJJeJJ. .."

CTHpe. a' pIfMOKarORl1qf{OM, aacrynano re }f(eCTOKQ npo-

nOJ.{J1ffJIlf yrau JY Hajrope npOral-baHle 6U)10 [e 1450" uaJ{a cy

the EoroMO.JI8. .' 40 000

rarea aosa nonaJbeHlJ, re je npeso . bOCaJialfa

fa cena n rpa"" T ""

MHO Cp6njy, TypCKY If XepI.terOBHHY· U H APynl Hfaa-

npe6erJlo Y , nil cy aanJM y nperosope c TYPQHMa, npUMJflUt

.QOBOJbHJIUU crynn nOBeJIH TYPKe aa EOCHY, M Bocaa je 1463 y

MyxaMe,a.oBcTBO n Po ."

6· 360r THX uerrpecraaax KpBaBJfX BepCf(HX pa3~

UPHOM peftY aW6ea KpBR II jYHa~Ke CMPTH - oea f{ocoBa - nalla

MHpHQa ror08D \..

I a SeJIHKH neo 6ocaHcKo-xep~erOBaYKe unacTene

y pyxe TYPLlHMa,J'e npUMIfO MyxaMfAOBCTBO.

jf HapO,lla JIaRO

. Upm!tOHCKG HJIIf bOrOMOJlCKa l1.pKBa opraHH308aJla

BocaHCKQ 1\ j '"

XII 3 KOHaQHO y XIII. B. -- l-be31IH BPXOBHIf

ce npan •• yr Y ., Y ~

. ao ce d'l'eiJ xao fbeH apxaenacxon. a Ibera cy 6UJJH

CTa.peWHHa 3B I ~ •

CKomf KOjH cy 06U'iHO uHJlH na JJ,BOPOBHMa BOJBo,na

rocUlU Kao emf , _

. . 06JTaCTJlM3 3a fbHMa cy OHnJ.1 ctaapuu «ao npOTe

y nOje,nIfHIIM '. ,

•• ,4, J. KPCw;oHuqe K30 cseurreaaua H cBeWreaJ.fLl,e. To Ie

Te KpUlnaHu. 'J ..'

6uJIa fblfXOBa jepapxHja.je.llHHO fbJ.fMa npznanano je npaBo JJ,a MOlle

Uf'eH1fJ11:1 cy ce 1(ao H APyrH, ana cy ce SaBer08anH ua aa AYWY. In

H nocr OCTaJIe npacranane OBe QpKBe HaSHBane cy ce

HenpeKIf,u,a '. .

MUPCKU H.'lH "'PCHU JbYJUf, jep 1\wry H MpCHTH. Bepy CBOJY Ha3H-

Ba./U! cy apaso» aUOCllIO/lCKOJ1{ sepou, a. nyTHHK I<YPHneuIH1i "3 nos. XVr. B. (oxo 1530.) BenH, A3 cy aepe CB. Ilaana.

Y XV. H., no recraaenrv 3HaMeHHTor cociaa Paouua, fbHXOBO Y'fefbe 6ewe spno .6nHcKo Ilpaaocnaazsy. nOWTOB3JIH cy KPC! H CBeTHTeJbf, oeRM crapoaaaermrx; aeposana ICy Y cBeTY Hepaa,qeJbHsy Tpojany, Y onpaurrarse rpexosa 11 crpaunur cy,u;;Kao BenHKe npaa ... HilKe CJlaBHJlH cy EO)f(lifi, YCKpC, Bnaroaecra, Baaaeceae, SorOPQ .. AHqHe npa~HHKe, CS. Ilerpa Ii Ilasna, CB. bop~a. Co. ApxaHljena MBxaHJJa, Ca. Creeaaa Jlpaoayveanxa u He,a;eJhY CBW( C8eTHx. a ocofJHTO CBeqaHO ttp>f<anH cy H CJJaBHJJH csoia KpCHa IfMeHa. Ho Dope~ HeAeJbe MHoro cy UOWTOBaJJH H nerax, a HapO'lHTO MJI lIerICe. Ha'lBH KpWTefba HManH cy JlPyrH, a MOnHJJR cy ce ....... Y XV. B. rpaAHJJH cy Belt H 60Jbe xpaMoBe. YHOCBII JIIDIII caeile aa Aywe nOKojHHKa. Ty cy

np .,-UHHKe rueA8. roc ...

;""fHUqtlMO HHa H

ruYMaMa. - Ta rpotlHwTa O'lYBaHa cy AO JlaRac 00 Qenoi &G .. _ If XepuerOBI1HH y 3HaTHOM Cipojy, xao jeAHRH BeT_8YTH e __ • TaKO [axe cexre aepcxe Y HapOAY HaweM. rpOdHH COO,.II._ BetulHOM cy BKCOKJ.t KaMeHHTH Cllle'lqu ca ypeaaHBM aanBC ... H CJHIKaMa: 3 aeane, nOJIYMeceUH, KOlbaHHKa, CTpene, HapOAllora ICOJia Y r.1rp" li T. ,n. 0.0. CB. nUCMQ npH3HasanH cy caao Hosu (Jas"" H Ilcanmup, xora ~Y .o.eJlHJIH no npa80CJIaBHOM o«SH'Iajy, AOI( cy IfM 3anoBe,[tH EO)f{Je nerseue H no PMMCKOM Ha'UlHY •

EorOMOJ)CTBa HeCTaJIO je Y rnaSHOM y6pao nOCJIe 06HoBJlaelWl Ilehcxe flarpHjapwHje, aJIH ce no HeWTO H Aalbe OAP)l(aBano. TaKo je jour KpajeM XtX-e. OKO Hepesre y Xepl\erOBBHH H OKO I(pemeaa y EOCHII onJlo HeKOJU1f<O XpuwiiaHCKHX Kytia, Koje HHCY l1paaa8BlJle HU rrpasocnasne HH pHMOKaTOJIH'lKe cseWTeHHKe. - ibn je He .. CTaJIO TeI< aa aYCTpHjcKe oKynaI.\Hje ...

npaBOCJ1QBJbe je YXBaTHJ)O ja'fera KopeRa y BOCD Tel( 8a BJIa,!{e cpeacnor Kpalba J(parymuHa HeMalbulta Y CeBepHoJ &oCR Kpaje." Xlll. If rrO'leTKOM XIV. B. - TaAa je OCROBaHI • Opa80- CJraRHa enacxonnja y ceBepo-HCTO'lHoj BOCHH. KOjOj je HaCJItA_. na HaIlHh3 3BOPIlU'lKQ liJlH /1.0lbO- TyaJlOHCtca MHTpODOJI.JL n,BII npaROCJlaOHU OOCaHCI(H enacxon BacHJlHje t5ewe ApatyTBBOB noHepeHHK Y AP)f(aBHHM H AHnnOMaTCKHM noenOB.M.. Tau je y se1'iel\\ ,.l{ellY CJIaBoHHje BJIaAao AparYTHHoB Hajcrapllj CRR /MaIlle/1GB (0,[( 1292.), kao HaCJIe)IHH rocnoAap ••• illT. 8 W

60CaHCKJf aa npae nOJJOBHHe XIV. B. Cmtt/JtIII Il__", ..

Ki1epu AparYTHHOBe 6HO je R OCTao je AO •

aepe npaBOCJIaBHe. H aKO je nana .BOro HI Ci)

Y CBOjy sepy, npaBocnaBaH je (SilO B SpaT ..

yR }bOX H MHora 8naCTeJla cSocaHCKI, 1" •• " .........

MO)JHMa ycneurao ce onRpana 011lM.,. :' •••• a.' •• PMMCKOj. A 000 CH8H(e

je OC06HTO 88 lIpeM TspmKa I. (1353.- .... , ... '!!'M_...-l_

sapoa, CBJI."O "mMM""

Paurse, KOJIt h.I~.

naJJa Je DO"

42

nen npeCTO ncponaue HeMatblfta, lCaJ\a

'pnCKJf pau C . . -

. HaCJlfAJI C 1371 liay.MpJIa. rora Je 00811HO nOMarao

TUM J.J.a y OUJeM' M

. c U8peM P PO~Y CB. Case y KJ1HllleBn nao Ce

JC OHa It 1377. aa r 1/

npaoocnaBJbe PawKe Q BOCHe... .

HHcant sa KpaJb3 ce YMHO>K3aaTH OPO) npaBOI.:.1JaBHnx y

KPY rue nOl.Jeo .1< I(

. Ho jow Bit I JJe Hec.pel1He uHTKe Ha DeoBy no.'Ly

T pUt! noc . ,

60CHil K3A3 c: Y 0 ~patba It nJbaqKalba no JY}I(HJtM CpnCI\lfAl

noqeJUf CBOja np /l aa PaWKe CK110HHJIH ce y DOCHY II TaMo

OT T cy ~HorH ","'

3 10' 1baMa. ana . cy AOLJ,Hnje cae -qew ne, re ie ae1i npeA

e· 6e 6nBaJIe E

ocraJllf. Te ceo 6 oi npaBOCJ1aBHHX HaJja3Ho ce Y OCHlcI. ~a-

an 60CHe aHaraH P . rasa MHTpOnOJIHT If irexo BpeMe HMao

n 1"1 nocrao Je 10'. ~

l5apCI(l1 enHCKon .. 1(30 BPXOBHH CTapeWHHa DOCaHCI<e a

MJfJleweaH, . . . . 3

je cTonlfuy Y OCllaSHe l..\pKBe. A jom paHHje aXYAfCKQ Euu-

XepueroBa'llKe ~paB CBeTM Casa rta CTOHYI npeHeceHa je

. . je OCHoaao -

cKOIlUja, «OJY H 3JbHHa 6paTa MupocnaBa - y neTpOB

}f{6HHY eA\ C n .a..

6UJI3 y BaJlY EenoM nOJbY •.. - nanox enCKe narpH-

MaHacrup ua JlHMY Y H UeJla CpI1CKa Ilpaaocnaaaa lJ,PKBa y

• a je yCKOPO

japwJlje AOlllR K30 H CBa ocrana Cpncsa U.PKBa, nOA

XePLteroBH"'f, . t.

60CHU HHenlfcKona na ,D.OI.(HH]e YlJe y cacran 00-

Kora.apx· . J.. .. ... ,

snacr OXPH/lC Ila Hj'apwHje It Ao6MJe KOHaYHY opraHH3au,I1JY.

nef;cKe arp

HOBJbeHe ICQ/lyljepu. - BJ.f,lJ.eJIH CMO, xaxo ce kOA

9. MaHaCrII~pU u XpJ1wtJaHcTBa nojaBHJIO If MOHaWTBO no

x c nOJaBoM . M' ~

Hac oAMa 6 Y re ce Hajjalfe pa3B11.1JO no ane.u.oHHjH a

. «OM 0 pacu . I

BJf3aHTII)C n ecnaHCKor H OX{tH.D.Cr<or jeaepa, AOI.(HftJe HeWIO

Hapo'Hfro OKO P e H' Y ueHTpalIHHM Cpncxaa 3eMJbaMa a

OHO cse BHill ,

ja8Jba ce . JIJtM3 xoja 6ewe Cpe,RHWTe npeHeMafbl11icKe

OC06.~TO y Jl.~:~~Ylcy M'eljYTIIM, - Y Kpajy Jl3Meljy BapAapa, Cp6HJe. Y . pasaao ce aapoxaro uycmWbQliKU o6mu( MO-

e yMe if Mopaoe C

TP ce xao npsa .. BenaKH acxera nOM lUbe 8. lOBaN

saurrea. Ty . 133J r 06HOBHO MaHaCTHp '1YBeHH

PU/lCKU (t 946.), KOMe je •. 2

. Xpersa re ce TaMO Ii nauac B,HJJ.H 5 M. BHeOK.

l\ywaH08 BOJ80,lla X A'

PeJbHHa Kyna. Pen.a je TY " YMP~I xao MOHa! ~PHTBoH. OQHHJe

. a H uapaua Mapa, hepxa uypI)a paRKoBH".,

je PHJlO onpaBHJI T

9 n esena y Ib' H TeJlO CB. joaaaa PftJlCKOr H8 PROUt

re )46. P anaaJUlo. l1a XI. H XII. sexa cy 'IYBeHH nyCT."

rAe ce faAa H •• • C r

Il, nU/lHJCKU ca Osser nOJb3, B. I QBpUJlO J"IClltJ ••

C.. 'P0xop ..

lOA KpaTOsl If C,. jooKUM CapoHiJaaopcKu y nnaHHHH

V XV. MMa nycTHlba'lKOr )KMBOTa H Y 8Irl •• I"~~j

UPO'IJITO aKO npH8peHa H nn _,rops OPPH

,aeBU'l.KU aa nJlaHI1He Ileeu« ceaepHo OA ne1iH. A H Y ceeepo ... HCTOlfHOM Rpajy CpoHje rora apeMeHa 6HO ie npHJJH'IHO pasBBjeH nYCTlUbH'-IKH )lOIBOT. H~pO"lKTO no nJlaHHHH MojcUlb)l KOA eTMa"., y Peca8U H UooYHaBIbY. To cy 6H.nH aeiiHHoM crpaua Kany1jep", Koje [e uapon aaaaaao CUHajquMa. A HajsHaTHHjH Met;y lbHMa 6exy KcnOCHRllH CB. POMUJl, POAOM BRAMHall, y PaaaHHI.\H, Cs. Fpu-: ropuje 0.0. CMHpHe y I'oprsaxy U C8. BOCUM Y TYMatlY KO,ll I'oJlynQa. - 3a osor nOCJIeJUber ce npaxa, na ra je Y WYMH aexoTHQe YCTpeJlHO MH)lOW 06HJlHh, ,{HjH ABOP (')ewe ToCio)l(e Y 06- RH)HlbeM ceny AaopHwTY; na je MHJlOW H noaarao MaHacTHp TYMaH, ,lJ.a 6" noxaiao rai rpex. no HapO,IJ.H9M npeJ),aa,y y caMOM MOjCHIbY 6UJJO je rana OKO 50 60rOMOJba; a H aaaac ce TY, aa penaraeno MaJJOM npocropy, HanaaH 25 upnaea H llPl<BHwTa.11 HaHall MaHaCTHpa nehcxor Y KJlHCYPH HMa ocax nehaaa, Y KojHMa cy ueraa nycTltlba.u.H CTaHOBaJ1H. TaRBHx nehaaa uanaaa ce rOTORO no CBHMa KpajeBHMa HaWUM Y 6JJH3HHH BdiHX MaHacTHpa ...

ITpaBH uanactaupcsu KUHOBUjCKU linK aajeAHHIIKH Kanyi;epcKH )KUBaT, K9jH cy y jY}f{HMM 06naCTMMa HaWHM Bell 'i Xl. H XII. R. fpUH 3HaTHQ paaBHJlI1, y CpeJlHllltbHM KpajeBHMa noseo je CHa)t(HKje Jl3 ce paaaaia TeK o]l, HeMalbe, na je y XIV H XV, B. Aowao AO BpxYHUa caoie MotH. HajsHuwHuju MaHaCTHpH C5exy 'Iape"u MaHQClUUPU DRH naspe ca CTaBponHrHjcKHM caMoynpuHKM npIBHMI. - Ilpsa raxaa MaHaCTHp 6ewe HeMalbKHI CmyOtHU'Ia. ca neno llPKBOM OJ), 6ena MpaMopa. thy 'je HeMalha nOAllrao ceGB 8 rpo6- HHI.(Y· A OCTaJlH HeMalbKEH HRCY, no npHMepy BII8&HTtQCRH "apesa, Ha'lHHHJJH TY MayaoJlej, y KOMe 6a ee C8H cap .... u., 8 cy AH3anH ce()H nose aaoyx6u,.e.1 TakO je nOCTUa JNII SeH"IaHOra, MU/ltWeBa BnaAHCJlaaeaa. COIIDtt4Hll.¥IOUl ....

CKa MHnYTHHOB8, ,4eI4QHU CTe4taHOBH Apxa _ ...

- )\ywaHoB H APYrH; na H PaaaH c1JaHOBa y Pecaaa,

C'I1lapeWUHt 01 X

a HrYM8H CTYAeHHQ

MQHdpura, Jep J ....... -~-

crapa, Y pIUOI.. lluall /laHDap y (;8II1OJ

44

ceon lIJJlf naTpHjapx npOH~BOJViO ra [e Y 'lKH. a BnaAaJJa

. Be1JaHoj CJIY)KOH lIK'fHO ra je YBOP,HO Y TO ,lJ,OCTojaHCl'BO TO l(, Ifa

I..: • . Me, lUTO

6u /tty npenao naJ1HUY U1Ut »<:e3ao If nOlhy6qo ra. - Yrn

eA 'flix HrYMaHa 6"0 je BPllO Belll-iK H na Ap>KaBHHM ca60PHMa

cerreJUf no pe~y cTapewHHcTBa, aa noce6HHM Cl'OJlOM. onMOfUf cy

~ , . ... 1-\ ax MBa

enHCF<Olla. Ya TO cy Tn lWlaHaC1'HpU nOTOYHO 113yael'K 0

HJTU Oil enuCJ{orrcKe snacra; na cy crapeuraae J-bI1XOBe KaH'O Y caa

. OM Ma-

HaCTHPY TaKO H no CeJUtMa H 3aceOUHMa CBOJHM BPWIfJIH no

' J . TnYHy

CYACt<y BJIaCT Ha.ll CBUMa, - H3Y3eBWH caao HeKe HapOlfH'rO Be ..

JIHKe KPH8HUe sa KOJe ce aumo Ju'peKTHO aa 8JIa,naOLJeo c

. . • YA. A

cena Jf saCeJIBKa HMao re C8aKH TaJ MaHacTHp ,lJ,OBOJbHO, jep cy liM

OCHHBaLfH p;apHBaJJJf aa H3,npJKaBafbe MHore aeMJbe. rOTOBO II,.. I

.' 'QTaBe

Oll'i::naCTU - .MemoxuJe ca MHoroopOJHJtM cenRMa, 3aceonOMa fj

v , .... J HHo-

rpaAHMa, Bo.u;eHHuaMa, TIlleJIHfhaqHMa,' WYMaMa H naWfbaQnMa

'"

'fu: BeJUffCJ{ C?3X~fJJYU;H naaana cy MaHaCTHpHMa BeJUi[{e nPlt-

xoae, na je H 6poj K3JIyJjepa thrBao Y fbHJ"a apao 8enHI<. nOl<aTKa)l HaROCHO je Y HeKJfMa H no HerWJlH}(O CTOTHHa, a nponHC le 6"0, Aa ce H3 1000 KMerCl(HX xyha AtO>Ke H3AP)f(aBanf caMQ 50 KaJIyfjepa. Crora cy l\\tfOrH MOHaCH MOfJIH oea6pJOKHO )f(HBerH If 6aBHTH ce MOJIJ1TBOM, HaYKoM Ii npocserox.

MaH3cTHpuMa je MHoro ,lJ,HSano yrJIe.r.t U TO, WTO cy TaJ),a y J(aJTy~epe HIlIJJH H Bna.u;aJIalfKH If BJIaCTeOCKl-' CHHOBo, na 0 caMH Bn3AaOl.\Hj a BeiufH3 TUX KanyJjepa }fU1Bena je npUMepHHM )f(HRQrOM H OJ].nHKOB3J13 ce Ay60KOM noooH<Howfiy, HaKO r<OA Hac HH~aA HHje 6UJIO onor nperepasor HCTO'fHOr aHaxoperCKor, aCKerCJ(Qr )l(JmOTa, K3K3B DOCile H y PyCUjH cpeT3MO.

t.(pyra npcra M3H2CTHpa aaurnx 6exy ,eUUC{(OaCKU {}BOPOIJU. - Y Ji:,UMa je 6HJlO cena urre erracxona, MHTpOnOJUfTa, apxHemfcKona H narpajapaxa H3UH'X. Hajcrapaja TaKaB .... MaHacT~p OHO [e y Pacy, ca U;PK80M CB. arrocrona Ilerpa H Ilasna, rae re (')Hna H "paa cpnCKa npaoocnaBHa eUHcKonHja. HanaaH ce H AaHac ce8epHo 04 HOBor Ilaaapa, npa yw:hy tte>Keae y PawKY. Taj MaHacTHp dewe uesrap LtPKSeHOr )J(HBOTa y CPOHjH, cse AO OCHHBafha CIMOCTlnlfi apxHenHcKonHjc (1219.). Ty je HeMalba npHMHO npaaoclI ... " oKynHo H "PSR ca6'op npOTHB Boroxona, na ce 'Y H H OpeCTOJlI oapeeao. EUHcKonH paWKH ceAenH cy y .... v

..,_._e JlPJlCIBHe caMOCraJlHOCTH Hawe, a Ma CT

CDtJIHHO XVIIf. B AOIlHHje TeK oCSp y

CKU rpaiJoL{ (ApuJbe). Y tbHMa HHje 6HJJO Hfy.aHi, jep le enacxon 6HO CTapeWHHa MaHaCrHpCI(H.

Ocrana MaHaCTupH 6exy eaapxujcxu H KWU1ll0PClCU. M

Me~y fbHMa cy MHore carpanana UJlO O(5HoBIUIH BJlClJ.tao"H HaWIl HJJH IhHXOBe meHe, a npyre nO,IJ.Hrowe BJlaCTeJla, enHeKOn", KUY~epH H aapon. Kmumopu UJIH OCHUBa0ltH HManH cy HapO'lHTa npasa Y MaHacTHpy. OHH cy TUUUKOM nponHCHSaJJH YtlYTpalUltaH peJl H nOCTaBJbaJlH HrYMaHa; aa )fQtBOTa HManH cy nOqaCHo MeCTO a nOCJIe CMpTH rpo6 y MaHacTHpKoj ltPKBH. Ya TO je M8H8CTH~ .Ily}((aH 6HO, ,na CTaJlHO noxaa,e, KaJ(O aa >KH80Ta TaKO H nocne CMpTH, ~H~opa H t-berOBe Y MOJIOTBaMa CBOjHM, a HapO'fHTO Ha ,rr.aHe, ~oJe ]e OH nocedao o.o,peAHo. Ioui cy KTHTOPH HMaJlH npaao, ,u.a CBO] MBHaCTHp Aa.o.y y MeUlo.x KOMe .IlpyrOM MaHacTHpy. To cy OCOOHTO 'lHHHJIO BJla)J,aoQR, .o.aaaJy1iH Malbe MaHacTHpe XNJlaHAapy, JepycanHMY H .lI.pyrHMa TaKO, na cy TH MeTOCH AY>KHH (iHnH 00110- BHHy na H ABe rpehaae, CBojHX rOAHWIbHX npHXOAa np TBO NTH Y HOBan H WHJbal'H OHOM MaHaCTHPY, KOMe cy OPHKJIOllleHM

YHyrpawfbu mHHor Y HaWHM M8H3CTHpHMa paBJtao e y rllaBHOM DO onWTHM QPKBeHHM aaKOHHMa sa KaJIyljepe H KTHTOp .. CI<HM HapO'lHTUM nponacaaa - THnHl\HMa. CTapeWHHI je ~H urYMaH, a H,era cy Y vnpasa ~OMaraJJH aa TO H8a6paH C'caapllu,

UKOHOM H flopaUKOHOM, eKJlUCUJapx H do ujap, ROjH 1 n If

acnpahao rOCTe. CBR Kany~epH ,lJ,06HBa1lH Y A "

n3ApmaBal-be y MaH3cTHPY; Y HeKHMa HMA y

nnary Y anary. XpaH3 [e CiHJla nocaa, 6 M npoceuu xJ1e61 aapaao, cop H pH6a. a nltllo If MeJlHU,e; sa paKHjy ce y TO Aoda j W "II

1<~)ajeHHMa Y >KHJJOTY fCIJly epc M Y J

raxa, na je l{ywaHoB KOH

oJlpeAa6a y K PHCT 06

CTHpa caojax, PaAH CTIJJH H [eaepcso pllft.I~1'Rll.

46 C H

"y elUlCKoncJ(H M3HaCTHpll 8. ~o~e Y Aatipy

Ta~O ;;HaMO, ABC\: flerpa H naMa y A3Hal1JJbeM HJ~JlOM nOJby

npH6oj3 If 8. aHHQe tly6pOBQaHHMa RpaJeM XIV. II

~on aBaHCKe cr

•• Ji.1 xao Kap . . QKO H.eKRX M3HaCTl1pa paaOIUlle ce

CJly;t<H n HaJnoCJJe

LfeTJ(OM. XV. B. .. Mecra sap01l1H '" rpa}J,OBH. TaKO cy no-

no M seJ(OBa If "IHT3Ba Jb~ ApMJbe Teroao, I'ocruaap, EHjeno

TOK~H 6UTOJbJ L{aLfaK, npOKyn net DYH~C (CB. .L(KoHHcHje) J.{ jow

era a MO>K.o.a 11 J

nO)be, UeTH'tbe,

HeKa APyra Mecra K H3WB OHSanlt cy BHCOKH 'tUHOBHHUH no BJla-

MHorll "any~ep urrenapujaMaJ ITa cy OH'" OOaBJbaJlH H

reOCKHl\\ Ka 1'-'-'. •

,llapCKIUI JI B)lac. OCJIOBe C3 Blt33HT(1JOM; a aa O)J.HOWaje

)lOMa1CKe n

CI<OPO CBe AltO H cy o6"P{HO pHMoKaTOnHqKH MOHacH

norpe6Jh3 BaH •

ca 3al1a~OIl\ Y· npHMopja. - KpYHa je csarna y opeA-

AHOCT" 1f3 .. .

Hawe Hapo. caasa csoje ITpwpO,Q.He caBea¥Ke npOl'HB

PKBeHlf1it rJI ,... • . '.

CTaBHHlJ,HMa UK' HeMaMO HH JeAHor cJlyqaJa, 113 .o.O()a

ene: aJII{ Hna TT

MotiHe MaCT, aure }J.a cy npe)lCT3BHMqH upxae yqeCT80-

ocraJ1HOCTH H, . t 3

AP}K'aBHe CaM J[H ce xao BOJC]WBOlje. HaMO caso aa

6· nM3 rr acra« X

BallH Y oje8 . (t 1338) ~a je xao HrYMaH HJlaHAapa

apx"enlfcJ(ona ,ll.amw6a MaH~dT}fpa o,o.l<a1'anaHa; a apxlfenMclCon

~HO 0 paHY· .

jyHaJLfIUf pyKoBO 3TM'e sanHcao [e, )),8 cy ce C;p15H Kany~epH, Ita

cnnYHCK}f jeacr J 'a y C01lYHY 1185. r. OAJIHKOBaJlH CBo'jlfM

a CB aHMHTp~ .,

MaH3CiHP . 6paHu rpaaa 0.0. HopMBHa.

jYHawTBOM npa O:HaCl1IUpa 6K1I0 je TaKo~e y aauroj Crapo] ~pI(BH. }/(eHcKUX M H3CTHP nO~HaT HaM je 1(0,0. UPK8~ CH. rocno~e

- npBH TaKa~ ~3 e 809 r nO,D.Hrao SnaCTeJlHH AHApeaLtHje

M 'fly KO]K Je np .' 3'

Y OC!l~ , f{ Teo 0 opy, xoia ee aaMOHaWHJ13. aTHM J~ C)uo KOA

aa cBOlY Jiep Y f(pajuHU aa CK3,o.apcKoM Jeaepy. Ty je, nOCJIe upf<J~e npelJ"CTe y BJJ3,o.HMHpa (1016.) r.) >KHBeJla therOBa YAOBHQI

6HCTBa CB. xueaa A H

Y . xa Mal1e~oHCKor napa CaMYHJl3. H npaa eMllhHHI

J{ocapo, hep pexeaa npe 1168. r., 6eme )f(eHCKH MaHaCTIIP

aaAy>K6HH3, H3 By Tou/luqu HeAaneKO aaaaunee J<YPWYMJlHje.-

CB 6oropoAHLte, A

• • CBOjOM )KeHOM AHOM, YCT3HOBHO 8uOp IIpHUIIII.

Ty Je OH, ~:H Aa ce crapa 0 lbeMY. Har.neAa, Aa je "OllaH) npep,ao ra D!lIH )f(eHClCH MaHaCTHp, rJle je AHa. xao ICUyIJllD11D1

'I Pacy OCHOIKI A

ANflclIlIlcuja npQBena DOCJIeAIbe rOAHHe >KUBOTa. IeH

DO ICIII"epIWl J,.relUlja, carpaARJla Je • H-~ccr~.~

.. ., ...... 10 Kpywe8Q1, Y KOMe je oICYnllJlI

H pa KHe8. }la P API .... ,

_HCICH OlllUllUn ••

A KpajeM XV. B. nonarna [e necnorana Ce. AHfjelluja jeAaH meR • ,M3HpCTIfP KO,!{ KpywcaoJla y $PYWKOj I'opa; JlOK ie Hew TO aOI(. HMje Y YAOBH.qKOM MaHaCTHPY Y CpeJHC~UM J(apJlOBI4UMa npoaena nOCJIe.lllbe rO,lJ,HHe >KUBOTa [eneua, Y,lJ,OBHu,a BojBoAe- CD. CTienaRa Wf(»IbaHOB~ha .•. nOMUlbe ce ioiu >t(eHCKH MaHaCTHp y jalbYWY f{,OJ{ JlecKOnu.a 1499. r., a aaTHM 1lJcHaeuja )l(eHCKH M8H8crHp Y Ilchll TOKOM XVI. B. Hc iaarnena )l.a je 6lfJlo MHoro aauie )KeRCI(lfX MaHaCTHpa It Jla cy TH (iBJlH BeliHHoM nopen 8HITHHj8 j MyWI.:11X. TaKO ce 3Ha sa I<anyljepMue KO,lJ, CTYAeHHl(e, COlI ot.aRa-, )\el.JaHa Ii T.lJ.. - Taj Tun. )f{eHCKHX MaHaCTapa nopea MYWKIIX npeHJ1aryBBaO je AOl(HHje aa Typaxa, a MO>K,IJ.a Beli H-Y HeMalhHkeKO )].06a .•.

.Y KaJIybepHu.e aaiue HWJle cy BenHHOM YAoDHl{e H yonwTe meHcluHbe, xoje [e }KUBOT paacxapao; CUlM TYPCKH nyronHC8Q EBJUfja LJene6Hja nOMUt-be a je.IJ.3H qaCTO oeeoja'4KU MaHacmup Rim y TBp~aBH rpana Bynutnpna ua KOCOBY A Y XJV. H XV. B. H PO'lBTO cy ce MHoro MOHaWHJle Y)),OBHue cpnCKHX BJlaA8naQa H Maa ae, HeKt 0)), lbWX Ii Aa1be cy )f{~Bene Y ABopOBHMa CBOjHM, KIO WTO j TO Ii Y BHaaHTHjH o6J.tlJaj 6140. - Taxo sa np. SHaMO 88 JeneHY AH)I(yjCKY, YAOBHl.\Y xparsa Ypoma I., Aa [e CKOPO 40 rOARHI nposeJI3 xao l{aJ1y~epHu.a ua AROpy CBOMe y BplbaQH a. Ty J OHI A ih3JW O.ll.JlUQaH uaacaoa sa AeBojKe, Y KO e cy 06y .. H py~tHHI\\ pa,lJ.OBHMa, a no TOM YAal!aHe. lllT awe o BopHna H paAHOHHQY 88 open.cllalthe K KJlalh,Wa paaHI1M u.pKBaMa •.•

Meijy l(aJ1y~epHue yw.na je • AYJUClHOS3. na [enacasera KpaJheao EPfJHJ<OBHha, Teonopa-Kc Hllja '&yp

rnua Y p6HjH Jen Ha- DaM JlIIII._

je najHcTaKHYTHja e Y J __ ....... ;

aa KOjy nacau ~-=nul 8 nH: na je (SHII pHCHa KHerH y MaHaCTHPY

eTH'.".9I •• 11

48

cpe6HH'IKOr eoiaoae Hoaaxa

JJ.aHOr eroa

tIC cnacne )KUBOT H:. •

.KnepH, Jl3 oa

H 3af(aJI~epHTJf.

o y aWf:bH )fUfBOT lKeHCKHX MaHaCTHpa paBHao ce y

Hyrp .. rJIalt ..

HM npaBHRHMa xao " y MYWf(J.fM. Pa3.IIHf(e cy If(

HOM no KCT . tfI:. ultJJe

UJTO [e 6orOCJIymefba ooaeaao Hap01fH'l'H au.".

caxo Y TOM, "...,,08#1UI(

. . 6 0 MHpCKK caeurreaax HlUI crapau U3 I(or 06JJb

1(0j," je If . q}f(lbtr

MaHaCTHpa a MOHaxHtbe cy ':IHTaJ1e II Ilojane aa

M.ywr<or I . Of:. nea ..

Ho MOHaXHfbaMa HHJe naao n03BOJbeHo HH CBe up

HHua Ma. . "" K8etfe

nesara a OC06HTO He npOKHMeH, HlfTH cy CAleJ]e YJla

Il eeMe I . aR1'1t

P - J1Ha'-le cy ce KaJlyijepHlJ,e aaure, nope~ MOJI'~l'

Y OJITa . .' FI Be It

8acnHTafba H<eHCKe nene, 6aBHJle JOW H paaHKM PY'IHK", paAo-

aH~la; re HaM ce OA tbUX casyaano ffeKOJIHKO TaKa AI1BHO l1apa .. ijeHMX aeaosa sa QPKBeHHM CTsapHM3. Aa ce H AaHac c fbl1Ma nOHOCHMO.

npBH MomUBU, KOjB cy nosperana BJIaAaOl{e H IiJlaCl'eJIy xarny, Aa nO,lUUKY HeJleJbenHe MaHaCTK~e H QPKBe oexy peIlUl'U}_ CKO-UO-llUlllurU{e npapoae, - Tpeoano je, aa MMe. H cnOJLallJlbOM 8enJfL~aHCTBeHOUJ1iy H JJenOTOM, K30 H YHYTpaUlfbHM cjajeM. YThUaTH Ha aywy sapoaa, A~ ce .YTSP.lVt Y XPHWkaHCTB.Y If IUTO paJ(lfje OIcynJba y re OHAa jour JeAHHe ursone, He caMo MOpa.IJ}for Hero If KYJITypHo-npOCBeTHor nO,lJ,H3afLa. 3aTO cy "'PKBe YKpa .. masaae urro ce nenure MOrJJO. .HeRe cy OJ), tbHX II cnOJba H Hasyrpa 06nO)f(eHe OHJIC pa3Ho6oJHHM, secro K3TI(aA xao cralCno yrJJalJ3HHM MpaMopOh'. re nOKpHBaHe OJJOBOM It APyrHM MeTanoM. A H3HYTpa cy cjane y 3JlaTY. cpe6py jIf nparox KaMefbY paaaCYTOM no I1KOHClMa aa axonocracaaa, tHtBOrHMa CaeTHl'eJbCKlI14. KaHJVfJIHMa, KPCT08HMa H APyrHM ~p'{BeHltM cTsapHMa. Ya To cy C8" aHAOSH OHJIH yxpaureua OAJlH!HfHM CJlHKapCKHM paAOBHMI

,

J<OjH cy jf{HBO npencranaana, ca neJ(arOUJKOM reHAeHl(HjOM, Haj

Ba)f(HHje Aora1jaje ria CB. nHCMil H JJ,aJbe f(pKBeHe HCTOpHje, HI POlJHTO haaetuf Ha JfJJycrpaQnjy Crpaumora CYAa ...

J1a HCTUX paanora fla6asJbaHe cy sa MaHac.TKpClCe llHTafJa reneca linn noje.u.HtfH .u.eJlOBH fhHXOBH OA paSHHX t!R.'IIIdII .. xao R APyre penuuHlfje. - TaKO aa np, 3HaMo, Aa J KYOJbeHO reJJO Cs. TpU,pYHQ aa lber08Y QPKBY Y Km_tJ npesecea [e CB. Axunute H3 JlapHce y nI1rp.t ••

Mane Ilpecne : J 072. . OAHeJiH cy M

y.CpeMcKY MHTPOBHIIY, J I

An .. j I y Hu ; ....

DJl XIV. 8. uanaaana ce PYKa CB. jOBQHa ~aMQC"UHQ; a y \

B J<HerUlba MKJlHl.(a npeHawa Ha BHAHHa, npao y )(pYWeBIq a nOCJIe Y Beorpan, r-eno CB. Ilemxe H ~apHUe CB. TeOtPQHuje; AOK AecnOT &,ypa1j BpaHKOBHIi AOHoeH 1453. r. HB l..\apHrpaAa y CMe,llepeso TeJlO CB. joeBaKbe~~caJa DYKe. J.1 KpaJb CTe4»aH nPBOBeH'faHH npHJJO)f(KO Je CB01~J IKH\UI MHoro penHKBHja. - TaKO! KOMa.a qaCHor APBeTa ua KOMe je XPHCTOC paaaner (SMO; nap'Ie paae }f nojaca Eoropo.o.HtfHHa, aeo .o.ecHHue H raaae CB. JoeaNQ J(pcmur:ueJba, re AMoRe H .o.fJlHHe M.oliu C8eTHX anocrona, npopoxa, MYQeHJIK3 H • .o.p~rHx CSeTHTeJha. A Y J(e .. aHHMa ce "YBa «oca Xpacroaa, KOJY je Co. Caaa AoCiHO aa Aap 0.0. jepycaJlHMcxor narpujapxa, K cytrljep Y KOjH je CB. CTe4»aH Ae'laHCKH KyRHo !CpB csoiy xana cy ra ocnenJbHOaJlH ...

Ya TO cy HaOaBJbaHe H ~yaoraBOpHe UKONe, a HapO'lHTO }lKOHe MCijKe fiO}l(Mje. - Taxo 3HaMo, Aa je y BeorpaAY 8eh 1073 r 6".11 a 'lyd0rI180pHa usoua CB. DoropoiJU'Ie, Kojy ie T06o)l(e C •. JlYKa HQCnUKao.· C JhOM je BHaaHTHjcl(H KOMaHA8HT BeorpaAa re rOAHHe aaaurao npeA Maljape. Ka,Zta cy rpaA OCBojHJlH. OHa ce nOMHl-be H AOUHlfje Kao BeJlHK3 cueTJ.ltba aa J(parYTHHa M MItJl}THHa, na H sa AecnOTa CTe.paHa H nOCJJe fhera CBe ",,0 oCBojelWl TypcKor ] 52]. r. 3a TMM' ce CnOMHtbe: Hep1KOlllBOPHQ '1ylo",.oPULIo U.PH01'OPCKO Y MaH8cTMPY MaTej'lH KOA Ky aH08a. '1ydorao .. PUL#G fpa,[laLfKa y LJa'lKY, 6oropotJuqQ MUJlOCfllUSG KOA P ....... Tpojepyuuua Y CKOnJbY M XHJlaHA8PY. Kao H jow H Ie

.A KaJW je OeJIHKO 6oraTcT80 y 8,,1aTHHM pe6pHHM

JJ.parou,eHI1M crsapaaa Mopano 6UTK no MaHaCT"pH HIUUI_m.J"'1I'A

llo6a, MO)f(eMO 6ap J{OHelUle np ACTaBMTH telA H nop06HB1IJH y XV. B. PaBaHHI(Y JI., •• '" •• ,,-

H,e aa ] 2 KaMHJla paSHH CJ(Y 0· DDUI"'~I

nopQ.. nOMf$HYTH 60)f(HOCTH, WTO j J(l1~Umat.nw.l.! •• I!-

OA CmpaUlHora e"Ia ·n.f.DI_l~:

jeAHo OA HljOOY' .. I .... AH88tbe I,(DKtl"

49

IlpHojeBRfi []OJ\H)f{e M3HaCTBp DoropO,lJ,Hl.\H aa QeTHIhY • HarHaHCTBY saseroeae Boroponana 0.0; JIopeTa, ,l{a lie jo Jep ~PKBYt axo My ncxorue ,a,a ce nOBpaTH Y csojy aeMJb I all'" oner npU:Jlamy1iJf nap CR. ~pxaH1jeny Y JepYCClJIRMY JIso ,u:a THMe OH H meHa CTBapaJY «eda oeCMpUlHa, l<aAa HM B~r nao na 6y,ll.y MHOrO'ledHU. -. Ho nopen THX MOTHBa (SIUJ ...

HeCYMtbIlBIl, H MHoro raurraae, MO,lle H }KeJbe aa penpea 0

. enraDId

10. Xunasdap u Ce. Fopa. - K3JJ, je CB. CHMeYH no __,

. '" Wao 8.

ropy 1197. CTaHOBao je HeKO speae J(OJJ, caora CHHa Case Y r

MaHaCTUPY Bamoaedy. Crora cy OBn oaa] MaHacTBp Jleno o(Ss:.

YKpacHRH H 6oraTo ot)Jl.apHJlH SJJaTOltl, cpeopoM H HI(OHClMa. -.

tr ' a CJUt._

ylj~HHUJe ~ ca MaHaCTlrpHMa t\apaKa~oM, ~CUpouomaMoM H fI>

mejfM, KOJIf ex BaTD If J),aHBC Ha3H.BaJY CBOJHM APyrHM KTRT 'llJto-

°PIUI.

Me~YTIfM, orlKJlaaeHU Csery ropy AOWJUt cy OHH Cipao Ha •

MHcao, JJ,a ry nonarsy jep,aH HOB BenHICH MaHaCTHp Y KOMe C~Y cpncxa KaJJy1jepH, Y ,llYXY HCTOqHOr npasocnaaas, 06paaOBarB ce cnpexara aa Y3BHweHY npOCBeTUTeJbCJ(Y cnY>K6y Y CBOMe Ha I

O 6· - J . pOA)'. ,aMax cy M3a pana 11 MeCTO. - eaaa Oll. HaJJlenWHX nOJlo)Qj.

C JIeBe crpaae, nenanexo 0,[\ ynasa y Co. ropy ca no.IJyoCT

X T . . paa allKRAHK~. yey neseane paaaanaue Je,a;Hor crapor rp1fKor MaHa ...

'CTH'pa, 1<oJ»I cy rycapa Op06FfJJH H pasopaaa. Llap BRaaHrBj Anexcaie III., TaCT CTe4»aHa Jlpsoaeusaaora, YCTynHo HM je P:

TO nYCTO MaHaCTHpCKO aeMJbJfWTe, re OHU nOMoi;y CTe4»aHO carpaaaure BeJlHlfaHCTBeHY aaAYlKC)HHY cer5H H HapOAY CPO 1198. ~. To je qyoeHH MaHacTHp XUJlQHiJap - JIalUba YeT, ca CBOJRM BHCOKHM 3HAOBHMa H J(YJIaMa, WTO ax je Aoqllllj AHrao KPaJb MMnYTHH, asrnena U naaac xao KaK08a KOBBa rBp~aBa. - Ta YTBp~elba nOAHrHYTa cy aGor rn-..

cy spno 'teCTO Aoca~IIBaJJH MaHaCTBpy. Te je ope ryTBR. Aa 8M noaorae y oA6paHH. wlIJhao c&oJ C:&DII",

18 y XJJJJaHAapy .. ysajy CTplUKy fta .OIIJCJC~D.JD'IICn_

IU KYna 8880 ce 6tul111la, Te je G80 11011"

Cueya ~wao J 'I C

:_, ........ Ja ....

flO KOMe ce HMa npOBOABTH nocrae npan aaKOHO,lJ,aaau aa CP'--1Ifa:

ClloBeHcKe KaJJytjepe aa Ca. rop .. EyrapH YCBojanH.

TaKo [e XHnaH,IJ,ap 00.- yo ..... nO'feo na aanpenyie H uaera, Te ie orlbHwTe Y r.1aBHOM lleHTPY .08~ o6.pa30BaHoCTH. - 3aTO je 08 CT8UO BeI._ " Hapoa Cpncxa Y lbeMY eYt HI npaa apxaenaceona H KItaH>KeaH cpe,ttHWTeM npeBo.o.Hna~Ke KHtHllCeBR crane It HeKOJlIIKO 0pBrHHUHHX aena ftJl_

Ty cy He caao MHore KIbHre np •• , ...

Hero " H'KOHe CJIHKaHe H paaae API re y Cp6Hjy H CBe APyre Kpajeae R

CBH aranaoua HaWH BeJlHKY (SPIIr cHa6JJ,eBanH coa~H~ a Hapo sauie Hero njeAaH Jl.pyrft cpnCK

narax 'IMM 60Jbe Morao .aBpw ... l ...

B.lJaAanaua npeyseaa cy HI C PYCKH B la.o.aoQH, KOjH ey y 1 Amf rRaBHY (SpHry 0 .. a:.Y .....

KOjH ie H 0.0. YCTI C 0 n ,[\pyrHM MaHaCTalUllL c. ...

H nPOCBeTe CBOj

52

. Y fberoHoj orpaaa IfMa jeAHa BeJHu<a ~ je~

i'H'O ,\\CLfO. 6 26

up AC(;JI,liI , a neJlujcJ noce HJ1X liMa , a r{anY1jepa Jll)

fhJl LtPJlaR. r

A3H:tecr ~ta. .' C Tel{ OKO 40 Cp6n, a OCTa.'1O PQJf, PYCIf H by-

100; ott 1\0jll,\ Y . XJ.waH.o.ap Taf{o1je MHore sacnyre CTef\ao raJlI1. - 3a Eyr(lpe J;nHIIUH aa JJ.YXOBHOM npenopoljajy I)yrapa'

(j llJ flJBBHll PI"'· 6

jep cy a· '"'HHOM Y lDeMY ,tJ,O lUlU ...

. 6paAOBafbe Ben . """

CHOje o. L V llOHoonCKa newe aajaeaa cpncxa 6510.'1110 ...

6 ~ uowc/tQ xn r

uon . \HOro na JaXBaJlUMO, UJTO ey O'lYBaHH HO~

fbOJ IfMaMO s

,·eKa. re aa npoyllaBaJhe uaure npow.'10CfH. _ y

laJill 113Bopn

HeleJI )lOA aHaeTUpy aasaae ce CaYYBaHU If Bpno J\\HO["J1

. If )' uenoM M I

fbOJ. J(BO pe 'lena pa30HjeHe U;pKBeHe YMfTHOCTH ...

MerH HallJe eTa· - ....

npen . ce lryBB n je,[J,Ha OJJ, HaJ.l~paroueHHJHX II Haj~

y XUJl3Hp;apy T .

. e/lIlKBuja Ha CB. Fopa - 0 je HKOHa DOI'OP J-

nOWTOBaH~JJfX 1:U e. 0 Iboj nocroja npe.D;afbe,. ,lJ,a je ~pl{nala.la

QlIlle TpoJepy 1./ y (t oreo 754.) H na My je na IbOJ 3apaC'la

~ah1aCKnll • •

Cs. ]OBaHY I ITcel.JeHa uraxa, Crora je OH HalH1HHO OA cpeopa

{j 06paHeHKOHa,o~ E

3 or . xao rpeJiy PYKY, aa J1KOHY orOpO.D;H9HHY

u nplllCOSaD je, J' ..

",aKY. ceH3 ie JJ.DUHHje ra }fr<OH3 y epycalljfM. Ty jy

II HaMaCKa npexe A

'3M C e sa OTKYmw J.f AOHeo Xanaanapy. OBAe ce OHa

ie Hawao 8. a , .

J. . Y 8el.IHoj COeTJ10CT.Jf. jep OKD Ibe CTaJIHO ropy

DaUMa tl3J1a31f

BeK )'3 TO [e csa 06aCYTa Jl.parHM KaMelheM re aaa-

csese If KaHJ(ltJla.

cpe6pHlfM nOKnOHJ.IM3.

THHM en BJJa"aOU" If Hapo,tJ, 60raTo cy AapHBaJlK H .n;pyre Cueru-

pnCKJf P>.. 0 ... . 6

pe cse AD XIX. B. COOJ.fTO J.fX je 0 "11110 napo-

OpCKe .MaHaCTIi

r II Ka.u.a je ueJla. CBeTa I'opa )lOfI.JJla non fheroHy

sao uap f"IywaH, A

. J' ca uapuuox J 347. HeKO speae npoueo. AeC(J01'

snacr If OH Y }bO ( C

" CHOBR je nosnrao rptlKl'1 MaHacTlfp UMoHucmp)' OKO

Yr~e[lJa 113 0 . .

"I • ie acaera CHMOH, KOJH ce H3 TOM MeCTY nOAPII~

1370 r. jep MY' .

• I "0 l-epKY. Y XIV. H. npeurao re y cpnc. xe PYKe rp'IKH

sasao Jl3.Jle1f 11 V

u • C Ilasna 11 OCTao llH":TO CpnCKJ.f ,lJ,O X J. B. A Cp6a

¥aHacTup .B.

6 )10 je AOCTa u no JJ.pyruM CBeToropCKHM MaHaCTH-

JCaJly~epa "XVIII B U1Ta saure TOKOM XV. " XVI. B. Har;le~aJ10 je

pUMa eBe Jl,0 •. I •

xao Aa [e Ca. [opa npenJlaflJLeH3 Cp6JfMa, KOJH ynaae y. coe coerorop-

crape nocrajy HrYM3HH, na HX 4eCTO 6npalY H sa crape ..

CKe MaHa n ,

PATa uene Csere rope. Ho on XVIII. B. aaHOC Cpt5a aA ICan},-

JUHHY - n v .... .

I: \UHBOTOM aarno onaaa " onao je TaKO, na ee xecro H

~epcKHM ~ . V

caMO. XHJlIHllapy TeK .jeJJ,ua no I(OJ" Cp6HHHaUJao. OA X . B nOJl1'(

y CplSH .Horo H pyCKH MaHaCTHp Gs. nONIIleJI ~MfI"'" H J HMIO H caoie MeToxe y Cp6Hj •• a HIj:PII''''

".III .. n~1II dexy nOCJJeJllbH ,llecnOTH

S3

HaWK crapa MHoro cy nOWTOBaJlH H MaHaCT8p aa Clla.jy.

Llap ):tYW3H, xsanehn y ienuo] nOBeJbH )l(H80T MOHaxa Hawax y \,aHacTHpy· Tpecxaauy KO,l( Ilpanena, H3 npBOM MecTY HCTHete CHHajue, na OH,tJ,a TeK CaeToropue. 3aTO je Beli 0,lJ. XIII. B. 6HJ1o y tbeMY Ii HeKOJlHKO Cp6a KaJly~epa, KOjH cy TaMO nacana HOpemfC'IBaJJH paaae [{tbHre cpnCKO-CJl08eHCKUM jeaHKoM H WHIbaJIH ax v Or3J,10HHY 6pal1H caojo]. Taj MaHaCTUp je 60raTO naposana a ~paJbHua jeneaa, ca CBOjHM CHHOBHMa KpaJbeBHMa AparyrHHoM H MHJlYTDHOM, na je 'IaK H EOrOMOJI xepuer Crienaa Kocasa, y nono- 814H" XV. B. nocnao My CioraTe aapoae no MHnellleBCKOM MHTpono.'lli1'Y j(aBH.II.Y. Crora cy CHHaj~H H aa rypcxor poncrsa OAP>KaBaJIH sese ca Cp6HMa H n,OJIaaHJlH no MHJIOCTUlby HaWHM npeTll.HMa, KOjR ..-:.y HX yaeic neno npHMa11H. Y OH6J1HOTel.\H- cHHajcKoj H AaHac ce tlyaajy PYKonHCH, xoie je cpncxn cepecxa MHTpOnOJlHT jaKoB 1360. nanosao cHHajcKHM KaJlyijepHMa cpncxe HapOAHOCTH.

Hainocne, uapesa Hawn .l1;YIJJaH H Ypow AapHBaJIH cy MHoro H 3HaMeHHTe rpxke MfmeopCKf .MaHUCUlUpe y Tecanaia, A OCHKsanau rnaauor MeTeopCKor MaHacTHpa, CB. npe06pa)l(elba, 6ewe nOCJleAIbM H3.11,aHaK Jl03e HeMatblf1ia - MOHaxJoacarPl eHH Itapa C.MeOHa CHHHwe Ilaneonora, 6pata l~ywaHoBa no 014Y. - no HCTO"HOM o6wiajy y TOM ee MaHaCTHPY H aauac "IyBa lberOBa ny«Salba.

ll. Ilpocsetua U IClbuxeSHocm. - '" npe CB. eaBe CS8no J ;(0,lJ. Hac nOHeWTO pa~a aa npOCBeTH H KIbH)I(eBHOCTB no ,!lOHCf<HM H rplJRHM yaopuaa. WTa BHwe Harne.tta, Aa cy I)OlrOilUI. ilMaJIlf npH.JIHqHO paaaaleay CBOjy noce6HY KIbR)I(eBHOC nena Heaaa.a nao CnaJlHTH. Ho caa ra] paA Y OHR. "e,eDI8111~ •• ta ,npiKaUHltM n sepcKHM npHnHKaMa HHje Morao C5BTH OA .11_. uaja. nOY3AaHo je Me~YTHM caao TO. Ila Ie 8eh AO

pOCJlOBeHCKH jeaHK H 'npaaonac AodRO oA .ICIID ....

Jr paasao ce y CPQ(,Ko-cnoBeHclCu IIJlB 'P

sa nMCMO Beh nOOAaBHO IU ye:e"':ftl ".". ....

Y npao BpeM P 88KjaJr (1 CMeTlba joj je «'lin

54

c 60jallHCaHHM HnycTpa~HJaMa H ca pa6HHM II

~ 3H HX H'fbHra, II: py-

c HMa pa~eHHM LJeCTO H Cpel!POM H 3JIaTOM H

rlfM OpHaM.fHT . • CBe

. apa-l:;eHO Aa ce MopaMO AHBRT" He caao BeIUTUlJ

J• e TO TaKO H '} , 1'11]8,

• UCTpajHocTH Y pany HalUHX CTapHX fiBCalta II 1(u

Hero H BOJbH h '. J . Q)K-

npHM.epa pa,llH nOMcHylieMO caao eSQn"belbe HeM3fLlItt

)f(eOHHK3. . (1171 1197') a

Ul108a }KynaH3 aaxYMcKor. ' .- " - To .

6paTa mUpoc re

. . rapnjH AO C3JI.a DOSHaTH cnOMeHHK HaWe nHCMeHOc

YJfJlRO }f Haje • TJf.

OA rllorollcKe DHcMeHocTH saure OCTaJlO je C~MO Hel<o.'UfI<O

• Oll mfCMeHOCTH aaure na .JlQmUHCKOM. JeBHJ<y OCTa

OA .. 10M3Ka, a . .'. 6 Jla

CHaM caMO ABa cnaca, 0,& KOJHX Je Jep;aH. ea ljIaCJIo.sa If 3aBp_

.y T je XpOHUKQ uoua ,D,YKJbQHUHa, RaKO ce Ott XVI

meTKa. 0 . .' . 8. .

H3aJ.!B3, a KOMnHJlOB30 lY Je, no CBOj npHJIH~H, HeRH CBewreHJ.l1<

JiB napa y npso] DonOBHHH XIII. B. COHC ce AeJIIf aa TPM Aena

y KojHMa ce aaaoce MaXOM HenOY3AaHH fTOJl,arUHlIOKaJUlHX rpa ..

. XpsaTHMa H Cp6HMa, re 0 aeTcKOM KHfay CB BnanK

,[(11 UHJ3 a . . ..... -

MHPY If .llpyrHM aeTCKHM. BJIa.aaO~HMa H3 X.-XII. B. ,l(pyrn ie cnHC

uanacao apXHeDHCKon 6apcKH Bunes: A ODJll (13~4.-1341. r.) xao ynYfUCrrlBO sa aylll y flaJ1eCCIIuHYJ ca onHCOM cpnCKHX aeMaJba H F<paT~ KJfM nperJleAOM HCTopnje Pauixe AP>KaBe o.n; noserxa XII I. B.

J<"ao KOj;{ cBnjy KynTypHHx napona Cpenrsera Bexa raao cy H kOA

.MaHaCTHpH tlHJlH rnaana npocaeraa cpenaurra, - Ya MYWKe h

Hac .

~iCeHCKe MaHaCTHpe nonasaae cy uixoae, Y KOJHMa ce neua Y'UiJia

'U1rafbY, nHCaJbY H .1lpyrHM HY>KfUfM HaYKalt\a onor speMeHa. Yl.fH& reJbH cy 6HlUf MaXOM J<aJIy1jepH H Kally1jepHQe, KO.ll Hac BBaHM lour liPHUIf H lJpJUHJ,e. Ho OCHM OBliX MaHaCTHpCKHX urxona ORJlO [e WKo.na H Y enHCKOncr(HM ABopoBHMa, xao II Y BlIaJl,aJlal.fI(OM ABOpy

If no AOMOBHMa "eKe aaacrene, A y .u.06a npeanacra uauie ua EaJJKany, sa uapeaa /lywaHa H Ypowa, nO,lVtrJJa ce.3HaTHO H npocsera sauia. Tana cy oraopeae MHore ILJROne no HOBHM (ioraTM" MaHacTHpHMa, a MoJiHa anacrena ,t(OBOJ),HJJa je ca I1croKa H 3aolAa cnpeMHe Y'fHTeJbe Y ,l.{BOpOlle caoie, na HM JJ.eIzy BaCDlttaBajy Hna cy AeLlY llHfJbaRH ua HaYRe y npocserae ueurpe BHaaHtHje-QI pHrpaA H ConYH, xao na Ja.o.paHcKo npHMopje - /.ty6pOBHHK.

Taxo je unacreaa npsa npHMaJia KYJlTypy WeroKa H BanaAI, je WHpHJJa no Orau6HHH CBOjOj. A WHpeJbY TUX KynTypa MHO 0 npBHeJJH B passe aaHarnHje U rprOBQH, HapO'lJlTO Ay6 e ICT.uwe no CpnCKJfM rpaJ),oBHMa H 1'proBHMI

DCJOI BeMlbaMa. OA ,llYWlH 10 AO

OllClllj CPIACTIU 81 WI

55

BeJ:i xeume yna3H y ynorpeey xapraja, xoja je y XV. B. rOTOBO caCBHM HCTHcHYJla cKyn" nepraMeHaT.

Jow ce je "pOCBeTa H KIbHlKeBHOCT aauia pas8Bjana -OCO- 6HTO )l(HBO sa necnora Cretpaua J1aaapeBHiia (1389. - 1427.). On je KEbIOKeBHOCT BaHpeAIiO noaarao, a H caa ce IbOMe 6aBHO, npeBaljajyiln c rpxxora " nH1llytiH caaocranae npOH8BOAe aa cpnCKOM jeaarcy, - JeAaH !berOB pyxonac QYBa ce y Hapoaao] Eu6JUfOTeIJ.H y Beorpaay nOA 6p. 200. - Y lberOBO .ao6a HSBeAeHa je

H HOBaj)e)l.aK~Hja cpncxor IObH>KeBHOr jesHKa H npasonaca. M8Beo jy je Kouctuautuun C/JU.Ilocoifj npexa rpqKOM npasonacy. OH je 6RO YLJlfTeJb " nonpaarsax 4pKseHUX KIbHra aa AROpy CTecpaHoBY R npaa nacau 0 upaeonucy cpaello",. H )J.OK cy XUllQHiJap, CmyiJeuuua, J1(U'l.Q Ii f1eh, nopen APyrHx MaHaCTHpa, 6MH raasna cpellHwTa rrpse aaure KI-M1>KeBHOCTH H npocsere, rnaBHH lteHTpll OBe HOBe KIbK>KeBHe iuxone aauie nOCTaA01lle pecascxa MaHaCTUpO, a HapO'lHTO Creqianosa PeCDBQ, uaaaaua AOIJ,HRje no tberQBY neCHHLiICOM H33HBY Manacuja, Ty [e CTecitaH 118 Caere rope !If H3 npyrax MaHaCTl1pa AOBeo MMore oepaaosaae KaJlyt}epe, .n.a npenncyjy, npesone .t HCnpaBJbajy CiorOCJIY>K(ieHe II APyre KH>Hre. Crora crapa nacua M HaaHoajy Creqiaaa CpnCK1IM KRPOM, no 60raTl.fM AapOBHMa, MaHacHjoM no cnaTKOpe'lMBOCTIl H IlronoMejeM no Jby6aBH npexa l<tbH3H... MarneAa, Aa ie y TO A06. Beocpad, npecrouaua Crediaaoaa, 6HO cpeasurre aexor KIDII.,..." HJH1 6ap npenacanasxor paaa, xana je BojBoAa PIAOCJJ y Beorpany HapylfHTH, na My ce npenaury 8 KlYlr MaHaCTl4p Ilpe-nrcre y PaAewHHO, na nocne noenlo 0IDl1111« ••••• y caM MaH3crHp, na HaCT3.B1I npenHCHBalbe .••

PaJJ, ua nonpaBJbatby npe8aljaibY H op n.ClI." uacraan.ea je H aa aecnora "Sy ptj a, ROj anrepecoaao aa QPKB Hy KIbH)KeBHO rpa~cKOM aanacy H8 1434. r. 0 I<ojy j Ayro Tpa)l(lIo. npesoaa re KIbHre H CR. Fopa Hawao H ROJI

OHA8 je D08810

56

6110 OOWTH H npeTe)f(aH He caao no cpnCKHM "-paJe8HM

If no UeJJOM np'3BOCJJaBHOM CJlOBeHCf(OM Jyry. a,

OCHOB jalfeM paaBHTKY cpncxe l(lbH)f(eBHOCTH xa

. C C .' 0 H np ""

CReTe y onurre, YJlaplfO je B. asa. - OH re H caM 0

Uf AOCTa Ha

nacao: a .fJlaBHa cy My lleJla: .FC\U80Cll CB. CllMeYHO Mupo -

sueora. Tuau"u ~lJH n~aBHna aa A;laH3CTupCKH )KHBOT Y /(a lito,. (tberoBoj caMalfKOJ l1eJlHJIf y CB. rap"), XU.I1uHiJapy H CfllJItl lIeJu 1'e 3aKONUK 33 CpnCKY UPKBY H3BBaHH /(pM'tuja. Oaa i:NUqu, lberOBHM PYJ(OBO,u,CTBOM rrpenacaua aa cpnCKO-CJlOaeHcKH' nOA

JeaHI( I

xao a6apK3 on~rCHx ~P~8~~DX a3KOHa MMa H AaHac apelUtocr

fie caao y uenoJ pnCKO) ~PKIUf Hero If no OCTanHM CJIO '

n f{ . aeflCICMM

flpasOCJJaBHHM utPKBaM3,.. fbH)lUIBHHl< je 6110 " (SpaT C

Kp3Jb CmetjJoll np80BeH~aHU. OH je TaKolje aanacao }J(j aBMIt Ce. CUMeYHQ, aJID MHoro onwHpHHjH OJ.l, C3BHHora H c UIOIll

a BHUI

063Hpa aa fberOB nOJlH1'HlfKK paa, XUnQHaOpCKU ICa.llybep

J1n~H yqeHHK Ca.HUH /loMfHrzIuaH Ha~Hcao [e }/{UBOIll CB. ~a:A' To je Hawa H3Joe'ha crapa 6Horpa4HfJa. 11 OH je HanHcao tv e.

C C C ~~~

8. IJMtjJHQ, - BB .uerOBH paAOBH npenyaa cy 60roCJJ

C· ~ C OBCKHX

YKPaca.. . rora Je tLer08 ",M80T B. Case npepanao jeAaH

J(RJlaH,IlapCKH KaJI'yiJep Teodocuje, KOjH je nanacao [orn H H APyrlf

O .. 1:.' 1(01111(0

APyrax }:teJJ3. Haj KaJJYI,ep HaAMalJJ~O re CBOjHM I(HTlbaCTKM CTIIJIO

caenpeTXoJ,(HHKe, re Bene aa fbera .u.aJe HQJ()O/bU CUlUllucmaH Haj DpuaoBedall, yapaBo pOMaHcuje CPIlCKU X III. B. 60r Tora je ~Jlatu

Bpno nonYJlapaH; a tberOS3 6HorpacjUfja B. aae CMaTpa 0 1

. '6 e 0

Je,llHO OA HaJ OJbHX AeJJa ~eJle aaure crape KfbH>KeSHOCTH.

y XIV. B. OC06KTO cy ce OAJIHKOBanH CDOjHM 10 ...... 1 ... p.,qaBaMa apxaenscsona HHKOAHM I. H /{aHIIJIO I I II'".,. .. Ct 1324.) je neeaeo ca rp'fKOra TuaUK CB. OBI JepJ,c·fIJIl,.. Y JCO e cy H8JlOllCeHa npaYHJJa sa 6oroCJIY)l(e a e, • /laIIUIIO (t 1338.) nacao Je H<1I.01ll' /(lI& ...

CpIltKU% 40 caora ape eHa. Ij P A ~11111_

, ... .cpynt ,,0 88&»p. narpHJap J .. D ...

HI.eHRT J( ..

"a XV. 8. OAJI""RR c:y /(OHCcaUHalUH 4JUJlDCOf/J. BD ••

;lJ,OlUao us 6yrapcKe y Cp&ajy, npaBOCJlDB.Jt,Q «a liaJlICDH1 BOca OH je aeh 1409. TaKolje OTHW" Y ~_IL. OO)IH1'. Ilacao ja MHoro 6yrapeICo cpoeI<H je uanacao caao npeliOC •

o. Crlltf/Jolla ,ae'lQHCKor. 0 RftIIlJftII. HajoO}ba AMa aaure (Saorpa J{ OHC(l10HCllUH 4JU/lOcot/J Hln • l{ }J(U80rn iJecaomQ CflIet/JaHIJ na1'pHjapxa HUKoHa. To je Haj60Ae -_ ... J(tM-t>t<eBHoCTH. A Kanytjep na 0

J<tt>HraMa HallHM Y YCHjy, A

ar'uorpatpCKUM pa,l108K a HajnnOJJ,HHjHx nacaua Ta

Ol,;IHM 0 It K KHyT

APY "X, KOjH cy npeBoAIUI if<CfHiOCTH " nH anK )l(MBOTe 881_

M Ha np H MathH H 0 aacny>KHK

I . cay IJHsaHTHjcl(Y ouOkPUl/JHU ~e/l:oe jaKoll

anoc oncl( TH'ty MOK

JO.

58

59

, • 113 >K880Ta CpnCKe QpKBe H Hapona. A npeBoJjeHa

"8J8 AOra~aj}f c8eToBHe KfbHmeBHoCTH, xao poeauu n llpUcy 8 APyra JleJl~OM PaTY AneKcaHAPY Be1JHKOM If T. a _ QOBtUIlle 0 TpOjaHCK all Oco6HTora je HHTepeca CPUCUO/lO~ V

M -I:: nplWOBerr<aMa PI. . • •

e!.l'Y npH'ie a paaHHM >KHBOTHfbaM~ If 0 fLltxo-

cy H3J10}f(fHe . • T

tbeMY 6a ~HOCJIOBHHM CBOJCTBHMa. e npHlJ.e Ot)If'IHO

npJlo qeCTO L: .'

BRM, X awtiaHCKOM nOYKOM, KOJa HM Aaje KapaKTep UPKBeHe

saBpUJYJY P c no co6j nplfJUfl.(H H 1:fHTaKe no QPKBaMa •. ,

nponooe.aH, re . YapKj'e ""CMeHOCTH H KfbH>KeBHOCTH Hawe liMa u

Oil re HaJCT •

. BaHHX PYKORliCa, sa KO>f(H H xapTHJH, no paaHHM

naH3C AD era o~y .

1'1 . HM KIbH)f(HHllaM3, rne ce 'fYBaJY xao ae.'1HKe If

Hal1JHM H crpaH

perxe JlPa~~u.eHoHCaTHy' MerIlROCW - CTaP.H cy C .. p6H nOKaSHBa .. 1H

12 IJ,pKBC . . • c

. ~. H J'aK CMHcao aa nenory. rora cy H HapO,;mf

CHamaH oee naJ X .a...

. .. HaWK jow Y .llo6a YTBP'9HBaILa pHWnaHC1'8a Me~y

npe.aCTaBHIU~H , . 6 - .

- rrHMa YMeJlH LfeCTO ,lJ,a oaa epy H Y CRO] HapOA npe-

HaillHM "peT.... , 0' ~

urro JOe Hajnenwe H HaJYK¥cHHJe uHJlO Y YMeTHOCTH

cane H OHO, 3 A

o "'CTOKa a ,o;OHerOie If naTHHCKor arrana. l'OI\'OA\

BlfaaflTlfJCKor n ,

HJJH cy OHH CBe BHUle H caora HapOJJ,Hor Ayxa, YI<yc:a BeKooa yHOC

H CMHClJaJ KaHO Y apXHTeKTYPY H cKynnTYPY, TaKO H Y CJJIfKap-

o pea sea H .ilpyre BetUTHHf. 0'

CTO 'Haj~naBHHje J.{o6a Harne IlPKBeHe yMeTHocTK 6eme Y Bpe!tle

aaure Hajoetie nOJnfTJPJKe H eKOHOMCKe MO~H, a HapO'fHTO aa MRnYTHH3, jle'faHCKOra H ,ltywaHa. - TOMe je MHoro p;onpRHe.rro H o~mlqHO pyaapCaIeo, ({oje ce Y IleHTpaJlHHM 06naCTHM3 HawHM OJ), nOJIOBHHe XIII. ,B" no.ll B09CTBOM Caca HS Ilanca y YrapcKoj, 1'aKO CHa.>KHO pa3BHjano,,lJ,a je Cpouja BeJi aa HPaJba MHJJYTHHa (1282.- 1321. r.) cMarpaHa je,lJ,HOM Oil Haj60raTHjHx aeaazsa, no PYAHOM H eKOHOMCKOM 6.JJary yonurre. A BHsaHTHjaQ T~oaop MemoxullI, noceTHBWH KpaJbeB ABOP y C.WUJhY, ca aaHOCOM ie onacao JJenoTy JberoBY, HapOIlfJfTO HCTH'fytUf - Il.a My je caa aaaeurra] OA anaTa H cpeopa, re Aa If cue oaeno KpaJbeBO rpenepa y anary, 6Hcepy H ~paroM JCaMeJbY". P3aYMe ce, ,l{a ce TO 60ra CTBO MOpa.10 OJlpaSHTH H Ha aaJJ.Y)f(6HHaMa H3UlHX anananaua H B.1IaCreJle, xao

H Ha YHyrpawfbeM yxpacy fbHXOBOM. Ila RaTO HajBeJJHl,aHCTBeHHje H no rexHRlfKoj o6paJJ.H aajnenure upxae aaure H nOTH'IY H8 Tora Bpe.eHa.

Apxtolloruja je ICOA Hac jow BPJlO MJlaAi HaYKa, re OCRM __ 'lUI H.peTaa RBje AOCDeJJa Aa HCIIHTa A08OJbHO Ha CJlHKIPC'I'

o aB ocrane H8 otSJlaCTH MeTuyprH ......• u.tI.~'If_ C. je Tel( y no erIC)' C1'Ofi I

AaTH Ao6py 11 TaLfHY casreay Hawe QPKBeHe YMeTHoCTH; re heMo ce oaae ynoaaara caao ca KpaTKHM nperneaoa CBHX rpaHa crapax H3WHX seurraua. - Ho npe Hero WTO npeijeMo Ha Taj nocao sarsa HaM HarJlaCHTH, Aa [e crapa QPKBeHa YMeTHocT Hawa YBeK tlHna nonoc, na LfaK H rOPAocT uenora aauier aapoaa, KojH iY je H y rrecaaaa CBojJl!M onesao: a J1eTOOIIcall XV, B. aao je aapaaa He caao CBOMe ycxJI!tietby Hero H YBepefbY CBOjHX caapeaeuaxa, Kalla je sanacao: "npU3peHCKe 4pKBe uataoc, iJe'lQHCKa '1PKBQ U ueliClca upuupatu, aancxo enatao Ii peCQBCKO IlUCQHUe He otipemaem ce HuriJe;xce. t(

rpa~eBHHapCTBO. - Ilpae xpaurhaucue llPI<Be aaure nocrane cy BeiH1HOM O)J. CTapHX PHMCKHX H BH3aHTHjcKHX rpa1jeBHHa, Koje cy HaWK nperua aarexna KaA cy HaCenH])R OBe aeMJbe. AnK cy CBe re rpaljeBHHe TOKOM apeaena, nOA paaHHM YTHlJ,ajHMa, caCBKM nponane unll TaKO npeaaaaue na ce KapaKTepHCTU'fHH TparOBH tbHXOBOr npsocaruer OfiJIHKa 06HLfHO H He ona>Kajy. Ys TO je y UE'HTpaJlHRM OOJJaCTHMa HaWJI!M npeBnaijHBao amue YTHllaj BaoaA8, .0.01( je Y jY}f(HHM H IICTO'IHHM «paieeaxa rocnonapao YTHllaj BH- 33HTHjCKH, 3aTO ce Y Ma1ieJl,OHHjH II cperajy u.PKBeHH enOMeHHltH rOTOBO HCKJbY'IHBO y BUiJaHlllujcKOM caiuny; AOK y Crapo] Pauiso] npeBJlaljyje pOManCI(U ctuun, npeyaeuren, YTHllajeM BHsaHTHjCl<HM, aa norpeoe npaaocnaeaor 6orocnY.>Ketba; a.y nOMOpaBJbY PISBHO ee kpaje.M XIV. If nO"leTKOM XV. B. noceeaa cpacKO-BUdQHrlluj It" cmu.

Hajctuapuje IIPKBe aaure npeACTaBJba eOHCkODCKa IlDlmA Ileutpa y Pacy. - OHa je oxpyrna rpaljeBHHa He8rpan lle6enux aaaoua II 3anJleTeHHX Mpa'lHHX XOAHHKa. JI 0 J

Aa je npe 6uJla MItOroC)O)l(a'lKH xpaM - KYMUPNIIIfII ai_lUIil

xohe, na jy je carpaaao jow anocron TNT caoae, CJlH'fHa je CIMO pOIllOHaa a T.>oplja y ConYHY. Koje ce y p xpaaose, Ms- Bpno cy .. RHO H upxee C8. HUICOllt Y !)"_ ... ' •• ,~,,_ ... 1IIiII

H jow HeKe APyre. A KOlJ, npujtllOlba HI1)' •••

H saeu.nIUfIJI..i ,a", tlIt14t\1

60

C ruuexele» -- O~eJbetneM :-:Ia >t<eHCKe _

P ... na WIIf ... Ke MO.a.E'.ne era t: I'

lIa ropr+>eM L:npary.. aCTynaH je l<O.l4 Hac SPJIQ MHoro. a:1I1

'CKII cmu.!l .3 - ..

BIIJQurallj - cnfJIY BeHtUfOi\\ ~13 }looa qJLfKe BH::!aH_

ruyre y ro.u

':' J.U·HOJe nOJ.\11 • HHM o6.'13CTHM8 HaLIBUt - 3UJJ;aHe cy

naCTII Y Jy>K .,

rlljCh'C npeu, M8 n3Me~y IWJH.'( je y npaBHJJHHM peAO-

eHUh1 oneKB I·. _

oOIlL-mo UPB ft l<8MNI KOjJ:f je Ka'Tk8}l 51 recaa Oli(J 11 'Ill

Hue cnara I •

fHUla Hana Ie, . f)J.e cy 3MAOBH OJ( C8M.HX onel<a OUJU,

aK " aeWlfap. ,

6UfOP, KpeLJtb pen nena Jle6eo xao H onena: re ce '1

eHue MeTaff -, H .

TV je H3U3M, qaH eCTeTCKH ecpeJ(aT a HeKJ1Ma Je eHt!

. a BBO npUJl"

nfMC naeTlf3 aseao na CnOJbaWIbH 3HAOBH upxaaa II

WTatlKH ~J3p 'J - ,

TO TaKO Be cy OIl J<p,ynHor MoaaHKa Hapa"eHH

. KaO)l3 . . I) •••

,!l3H3C H3rne,qalY, uane no jep,Ho IVII1 ner «ysema, a Her.:e

o6HLfHO " ...

Te cy UpKoe f{ 6era cy BeJiI-iHOM enozsa ocaovraoaa, a RaHy-

no ABa If Tpn. Y 30 n ancaae. Ky6e llPFCBe y Iexeeuu« I<UJ~

YH(He OCHoBe K .

rpa KP OIl OCTaJIHX Y TOMe, WTO je caCBRM n.'I"TKO H

lJ" esa pS3JU1KYJY ce Vl!

n.pJ.'b BH3aHTlfjCKHM ~pKBaMa npe . e. -- Me~y

6e3 nposopa, K80 Ha. aaa OJ! HajoTMeHHjux BHaaHTHjcKHX CfTOMe-

OBora CTl'fJJa Je~ •

LtPKB8Ma UUfM KpajeBHMa jecre pasopeaa upxea MaTf-

"3 XI 8. Y l-fa . 't

HHKa .. ... a HHTepecaHTHa Je rpa,eBHHa H npHnH~HO

• KO)l KYMaHOB3, . H

JH'l' . sa ca 5 Ky6eTB CR. naHTeJIeJMOHa y ceny epean

,aoapo O'fyoaH8 IlPK

C a carpaJjeRa 1 [64. r.

iWJl ,<oo.Jb! XflI TOKOM XIV. B. J10,lJ,HrnH cy RnH OOHOBHJlK y

KpaJf'M . H

UpKBe H BJJ3,qBOQK H BJIaCTeJla saura no jY>K-

10:\1 crany MHore "6

. . A Ha}'u3pa3HTHjH je U YJe.u.HO HaJ OJbe OLfY(faHH

HI! 1\ fcpaJeBUM8.

aaHTHjcKor crasa Y Hac upaaa MaHaCTHpa Fpa-

npliMep l{J(cror BK • . . 6

. Ii Y JCOn npHUJTHHe. KOJY Je 03 Te,~eJba 0 HOBKO Kpa1b

IloUUlIe Ha occs "

OHa [e HaHpe.llHO BHTKlfX paaaepa, apXRreKTOHCKO-

MIfJ1YTlfH. - 11

O C3BpweHa JII ynpaao }f(HBOnHCHa. u.pKBa neli-

ecrerCKH c~op ... .

cse flampujapwuje rpai:;eHa je y TOM crany, ca upno npUJaTHOM

fiy aJlH HeMa ecrercxe cnOJbaWI-bOCTH. -- OHa ce ca-

YHyrpaWfbOW , .

. rpa ynopeao nOJTO}f{eHa If 3R,lJ.OBHMa cnojeaa xpaxa, O~

cruJ" OJJ,

KOjHX CBaKH HMa no je,llHO Ky6e.

D QNCKU CT.HJ1 HMa KO,D, Hac MHoro Buwe AOCipo O'lYBaHHX

rOM . ~

qpKaoa H3 BpeMeHa HeMafhKiia. AJIH OH ~HJe ~Ora? Aa~ uYAe TaKO

npl'CTo npecalJeH HaMa KaO CTHJI BH3aHTHJCKH, Jep Je aoor npaBOen.BHOr Ka'DIRa 6'orOCJJY)l(efb3 saJhaJJo ra Y YHYTpaWa,OCrH npHJllroAHTJI roj nOrpe(SH H KOM6HHOB3TH ca 06nHIUIM.a BH8aHTHJC

TO ce Taj C1'IIJI 104 HIC or .. eAa MaxOM CIMO Y cnOJltIW".

_ •• ' • olena YlCplCIIMa, CTPYICTYPB 8Q08 OC''-M.

61

TeXIUllJKoj OOpa.1\14. - Taxo cy aa ~pKBaMa rora CTHJla CBM cno.a.cHlllhl-f 3HAOBH "3He.a,e"U BeftHHOM on yrna'faHor KaMeHa, a (So rara opnaMeHTHK3 OCOthtTO ie paaBKjeHa OKO noprana H BHTKHX, ABOil.L:'HliX H rponennax npoaopa. Ilpxse oaora CTMa HMajy 06M'IHO caMO je)lHO Kyl5e, a rpaJJ.l1J1H cy HX BeiiHHOM HeHMapH ca aaurer IlpltMopja.

HeMafbHHa ie Catyacnuua npaa 8HaTHHja upxaa pOMaHCKor crmra Y HaUHfM 3eMJbaMa. - OHa je H3pa~eHa OJ!. Oenor HarnalJ8Hor MpaMopa ca TeXHHI<OM, Koja [e paaaa H3jC3BplUeH"Ijoj TexHHu,H tlHOBpeMeHHX He"lMapa l~iUlMa~"je It 111'aJlHje. 11M3 OC06HTO 60raTY pUMaHCr.::y opHaMeHTHKY Y MpaMOPY OKO npoaopa ua OJITapy H OKO jymtlHx spara, 13afbCJfa U.PKB3 KpaJh3 MHJlYTHH3 Oewe uaiaenuia H HajooraTuja rpaljeoMHa oaora CTHJla y Cp6ItjH, amI I:leii JlaBHO Jle>l<K II01.ypa30peHa ceaepao O.lJ. KOCOBCKe MHTpOBHlle -. Cnozsa je CRa 06JIOmeHa 6eJU-t:M K u.pl:leHHM MpaMopoM, re MO,qPMM cepneHTHHOM, "'OjH cy ~O cj.ajHoCTJ.f yr naliaHH; a apara, npoaopa, cTy60BM H CBM apxHTeKToHcKH lleJ10BL1 u3pa~eH" 6exy on tie.nor MpaMopa. BUCOKU ,ll,C1iaHU CTecpaHoBI1 iecy HajBeila It aajaaura upxea naura, /.\0 apxa llyoerB HMa 25 M. H3pa~eHa je Y cjajHOM OeJ)OM H wapeHo-u,pReH- 113CTOM MpaMOPY, a nepB33H, KanHTeJ]H It CRH APyrH vKpacHM IleJIGB" c non-a H yuyrpa HHpa1jeHH cY Ha MpaMopa 6e.nor. 3HaMo If i,3 HMe lLelia HeHMapa. Beure TO Bud H3 /(olllopa, Kanyljep PUMOK3TOJIH'fKe Mane 6pafie. 3a llymaH08 eselllU ApXQHtell kOA Flpaapeua xaayjy, na je C YMeTHH'fI<e crpaus HBA aWHO CS 0 Ae-

liaHe, ann je 6"0 HHit<H H C1Ja6Hjer pana y MpaMOp. er B

paaaanuue It J\aHaC cy HMIlo3aHTHe, HaKO je rJlaBHa rpa J W

l~pi1jeM XVI. H. ynoTpe(jJbeHa aa CHHIH-nalUHHY \lIMHlY y nplC apeuy, Jrf }J{UllU [e npereaoio pOMaHCKor CTHna, carpal) Ha recauor Ii JIOMJbeHOr KaMeH8, anK je BHUl ny up n"_,.I!

rOf.UCKU ctuun HHje HMao ce fhel'OB YTHLtaj nama H u

IcpajeM XIII. 8 ()HOHIJI

je MelllaOHHa BHsaHTHj Aa cy je 06HOBHnH • je OJI. care, a II aTi POM, Ky6e joj J

,IlOBal-ba Me~y IbIfM3. j{aHaC [e QPKBa y 'aMO ,na He 6YJle seroso

paaBMIlHaMa.. KU cmun paSBOO ce Y A06a nponaAalba CPUfKO-BU3t1HUlUJC-HOCTlf _ l<He8 J1aaap H fberOBH: HaClIeA-

aSHe caMOCTan .•

~pm:I(e AP)f( 6" xao HeMafl,HiiH, na OHCY MOrJI" ,qOBo-

Oexy TaKO ora1' . . (H

IIIflllJ He a e ca npUMopja H" 113 BH33HTH]e L\apHrpa.zta H

.IlHTU cuyne HellM P }l{6J1He rpaJl,lfJIU llOMafin HeHMapH no C80-

e 'a) re cy lUI a3,llY .

OJT} H ~ OBHMa U3fJIeA3 ,Q,a ce HaJBHwe HCTaKao

joj aaMIfCJIU. A Me y Y HapOJ{HOj neCMH Pade Heumape, KOjll

PaJe 50POBUlf, n03HaTHJhy60CTHfbY aaJl,Y>KCiHHY KHerHlbe MHmu.~e

. arpa.llHO M3HaCTlfp 11 . .....

Je c . . . PKBY Tora opeMeHa. - aKO Je Moryne, Jla Ie

MOiK)la If J'OW KOjY U . . '.

a qHTaae jeJl,He rpa,l.l;RTeJbCKe WKOJIe, KOja re

6no npe.llCraSHHK

OR epHon y HCTOPHjH Harne apxarexrype,

crBoplIJI3 HOB n ,... .

rJJ3BHa je KapaKrepHCTHKa oaora CTHna; B~aa)HTHJCKa OCHOBa T Ky6eTa (PaBaHHQa If MaHaCHJa H. rOTOBO HCTa ca J·e~HIf.M UJIH ne

- (JOJ·a.u.HcaH KaMeH H onexa HaH3MeHQe HJTH crpyxrypa 3K,Q,osa

• 3 TO BPJJO (JoraTa nnacraxaa opHaMeHTHKa, l<Djy

caM KaMeH) a Y '.

. BHBaHTHJ'CKor CTHJJa HHKaKO HeMaJY, a pOMaaCl(e Je

~pKBe qHLTO • . .

. CBOJ' H3CfltH OBa opHaMeHT.HKa, Y KO]QJ ce HaJBItLI,Je

UMaJY Ha .. .'

orneaa cneUH!jJHQHO cpncso CXB3Tatbe YMeTHOCTH, BPJlO Je YKYCHa;

alIH rpa~eBHHe oaora nepHO,Qa HaKO cy spno >KHBOnHCHe~ cpaafLeHe

H "'"CKHII .... soro cy CJla6Hje TexHHKe, CF<P0M.HHJHX AHMeH-

ca e.'Iafi,Hn 41', 'II

aHja If 6e3 npe~H3HOC'J'H y Hapa)l,JI 3H)I,O~a.

HajcrapHjH cnOMeHBK OBe apcre, JeCTe ~Qaapuq~ U,pKBa y U uresuy: a reXHlfqKH cy HajC)OJbe l!apaljeHe l'1laHOCUjO H /(ane-

"py, "'. . 11 4:

Huli neCIIOTa CTeljJaHa MaHaCHJa Je YJeAHO H HaJBea rpageOHHa

osora crHRa, JIenHX BHrKHX paaaepa, 0,1.1; TeCaHOl' ~ rJlaTKO o6pa~eHor KaMeHa. A KalJeHHfi je opHrHHanHa H 3Ha'faJHa rpageBHHa CKPOMHHX .llHMeH3Hja, allM JleUHX paaaepa 11 BPJlO }f(HBOnHcHa lfarJIe.aa. fpatieHa je 011. )f(yTor new 'lap a, upaeae on eke H CHBor Rena; a If opHaMeHTHC3Ha [e aame o~ OCT~HX. Ii Jlaaapeaa Pa .. BaHJfl(a, xao H MRRHqHHa Jhy6ocTHlba, HMaJY aliaTHY YMeTHH'IKY 8pe,flHOCT, HaKO HlfCY TOJIHKO eljJeKTHe.

Ca nponaursy cpncxe AP>KaBHe CaMOCTaJlHOCTH nponaAe H oBlj CTHJI, H aKO ce jow HeKO speae OAP>Kaaao Y H08HM epn-

J(pajeslfMa npeeo IlYHaBa H Case, rAe ce nOAHrowe MHO DJ. H MaHaer.pR. AnH Ie ao Hac OCTMO caao HeKOJIHKO en CJ IIPIlIICpa Tora CTBlJa, 01 H TO Y npeOpaSJheHHM 060QR14"

Q • HaC1'Hpa OpaxOBUil. y CnnoHHj Y YSCKO. BaHITY.

11 nycrnrsaun, 30aHH CUHaj'lU, HS XIV. H xv. B. OCTalHJIH cy HeJWJIlmO u.PJ(OHu,a, xole ce no CTHny aHaTHO paaJlHKyjy Oil. OCTaJIHX aauiax u.pKBeHRX rpa~eBHHa. - OHe cy rpaijeHe y 06- }111KY KPCT3, 068'1"0 aa CKJlOHHTHM H TeWKO npHcTyna'lHRM MeCTHM3, re Marne.najy HaD xaxoae Mpa'iHe neuuaepe. TcucoBe cy aa np. Fopssax, TYMaH, Co. Hecrop KOA "DYHHca HAP .

MaHGCUIUpCKe stpaoe 6exy raxohe '1eCTO OA 3HaTHe YMeT" HH1u.:e BpeJ].HOCTH - '1HTaOe uanatue. AnH cy HaM 011. ILHX O'lyBaHII caao He3~aTHH OCTaTl.\H; [ep 06H'IHO He 6exy OA TapAor MaTepnjaJIa, na cy J1aKO naJbeHe H paaopa8aHe, KaKO aa TypcKor oCBaja&a TaKO H .o.oQHKje. - MaHacTHpH cy YBel( orpaljeHH «SRna qeTBpTacTHM If JIM nOJIHrOHHM iJUOOM. Y cpeAHHH orplAe «SMa je UpKB3, a ya 3KAoBe, AOQHHje H aa caMHM 3H,IJ,OBHMa, nOAHa.He cy kenuje sa craaosaa,e KalIy~epa. Ha ynaay Y MaHaCTHp oftH'IHO cy «Sane jeJlHa MlIK aae «y ne (cTy60BH IUIH nuprOBH, xao WTO cy Ha op. r.,yp1jeoH CTYC>OBH, - MaHaCTHpH KOA Bepaaa a y Pacy) 8. oopaHY 0,0; HenpHjaTeJha. KYJJe cy '1eTBpTaCTa o(inHKa H H.ane cy y ceo" QPKBUU;y aa 6paHHoue. Ilon caMOM KynoM RnH ya .y OHJJa cy ,Qo6po YTBpijeHa MaHaCTHpCKa Bpaaza, 0 KojBMa je H.PO-IHTH sparap 6pHry OOJ].HO... - To je (lBO TllnH'Iaa oCinaR .H~CTHpa no ueROM Mc'roKY 0.0. HajcTapHjllx apeMeHa. Da je npew 0 H KHaMa; a nocrao je no yaopy KJlaCH'IKHX rpIAOBa.

0,0; csax sumacmupcsux ymBptelba u rpa'OIIa H naiaemua 6ewe rpa.o, OKO QPKae MaHacTHpa MaHtlClljl 011

aaurecnparaax Kyna H je,lJ,HY pe.o,y R Ty ya pet<y. YB"PI, _

>KHHa rpanceor 3H.o,a HSHOCH 330 M., • c:nOA. nopea je caxpaeea nYT, orpaijeH HHCKH. BRAo.. cnpeA KOI! 5 M. - OCHM rora o'lyaaHa je Ty H .,,,:,,.,_,,, MaHacTHpcKa. TpneaapHja je YBetc d

srpaaa, xoia je BHaTHO oABajlJl A 011 ....

06JJHKY KpCTa C anCHAOM KaHa 6Hna 4»pecKaMI. arpaJl,e 88 rOCTe 111m.

60JlHUl4t.

8Qa

64

) na 11 OCMoyraoHH (Mana CTYJleHHQa), 380HII1.\1{ rJHlCTIt J{PYUJeBau, HaJl aanaj{HHM BpantMa; a nOKaTKa,lJ, cY H , MUM Upl<SaM3

ua ca . ynoTpe6Jb8BaHe aa 3BOHHKe,.,

"tC1HaCTHpCl<e I<yne _ 08a rpaHa u,pf(SeHe YMeTHOCTH Hawe pa-

CJlHKapCT BO.

H3)f(HO KP03 u.eJJO apeae Jl.P)f(aSHe caMOCTaJ1HOCl'K'

'ana ce 8PJTO c ,

aSUJ r30HHUn 6exy cseTOI'OpCiCH If COJIYHCf<K aOl'pU(j:JlJ.

npau joj noenc y C '

a If >KIIBomtCQU' "11K HKOHonHCUH. onyuy [e, aGar

- CJJHKaPC' r B1'6 y XII. B, saspeaao aeroaaaa OBa BeUlT51Ha

61H3lfHe 8. ope, . . f

J. ~ n jour H MHoro JlOQHHje nopea CBeToropCKI{X H

r e cy Haunt: (.;Tap .

. e nOSHBaJJH, Jla HM nOflUCYJY lUllS ttutuy - CJJH-

COJlyHcKe CJJHKap .

, "6 paaose. - Taxo H3 np. 3Ha.M.O, na Je TO l.fHHHO

Raw H8J orse x .

, px MOJ'.cej PajoBliit 1722. r. aa CBOJY KaTeApaJlY

neficKH n3TpHj8 .. . .,.

Aa cy H FeOIl Hac .HlCOHe pa1jeHe MaXaM npeMa P3aYMe eel

IJ03HaTOM KOJl,eKCY JfJ[H aalWHHKY rp-rxe npaaocaasae HKOHorpa-

, . J'e TOKOM BeKOBa ,Il,OnYfbaBaH. - Anu cy Cp6t( ClIHKapH

,KJe, FeDJ"

. e VHOCHJUI It nosemro caMOCraJJHOCTH H >t<HBOTa

}' CBO)e paJl,OB _ y ,

'-k rauaie H ca JlPynfx crpasa. oriurre, KOA HaWHX

npUMajY nII Y "". ,

rora .llo6a KOHcraTosaHO re He caao MHoro crapax 06- CJUfK3Pa.

eh lot HOB£iX opHrHHaJlHHX pancsa cease spcre. TOMe ie

paJ3,U3, B . , C 6" ,

,IlonpJfHe.lla 3HarMO lot ra OKOJrHOCf,. WTO Je P HJa, sa caora

useraa-a npHBna'lKJJa Y CBOJe MaHaCTHpe MHore 0JVIUtiHe

npBor .... , .

npeJl,CraBHHKe CJlUKapCTBa }fa. pa3HH:X Kpajesa. npaBOCnaBJLa, a

HaJJaaetul ce Y craJ)HMM caourajaaa ca ,l.(anM~UHJOM Ii MJJ,eTa'lI(UM OOJlaCTJfMa, .lo6H1~aJra je If ea 3anaJla HOBHJHX H CBe>KH]HX YTH-

'a Crora cy flaWH crapn MOfJIIf Aa npoaaaoae cso]e YMeT-

uaJ . .

Hocnr uraa.y He caao ua Aroc, e KOJHM cy YBeK 6HJJH y TeCHHM.

Be~:laMa, Hero II Y Byrapcuy, nYKoHHHY, ranHLlHjy, BJlaw·I<Y, MOR-

I> '

nascxy, na H Y YCH.IY,

Metjy (pnCKIJ'" c;IHJ{apCI(HM IJIIWJlaMa oaora upeaeaa naj-

JHaTHHja je 6uJla ~/ahedolfl:Ka lLlKO/W 113 «paja XIU. H npse nO.10BHHe XIV. u. - Hseun uajoOJLH pa}1.UHH OLfYBaHH cy Y Ma .. 1eJJtLJY, fpal,aHUl(H, Haropnxany n MapKOHY MaHaCTHPY KOA Csonaa. PaJlOlm rH TaKO cy OJlJHflfHH, }(a ce Mory ynope,lUfTH ca llenHMa ':tYBeHHX Cajeuaua H3 ~)aIlaJty. A n03HaT HaM je H jeAaH npeJI.CTaHHHK re IIUWJJe ~ 30rpafjl Eumuxuje, LfHje je "Me aat5eJJIJlttHo Ha JeAHOJ HalOpH'fKoj cppecQu 1317. r. Y MCTO Bp Me OIIllHC.

e If YTHllaJ raJ.Hjalh.:Kor cpemsesexouaor )l(KBOnHCa, ua Y MHnYTHHoHoj Manoj CrYAeHHQH I KBH C JIB JhytioreH8 Y KonCKoJ UPllal

"'BOIRJI. 8JJaCTeJlHHKa H

cy yKOlfeHH THnOBH .M JlHKOBH cTapHx BH81HTHjCkHX OPIII1IHlJla llo6HnM Jl.OeTa rpal.\HJe H )l(HBOCTH. TaKO je HI np. oc:06RTO )tC1fBO IJpHKaaaH Bpax y KaHH fanHJlejcKoj H CTpawlUl C

Y AOQHHjHM. paAOBHMa, a HapOlfHTO sa xaeaa Jlaaapa H" YA ••

..., , • "ecnOTa

CTe41aH_a, ocena ce TaJ YTHQaJ cae aaure: jep je TeHOt.a aa Ope-

nopo1)aJeM HaYKa H BeW1'HHa ~ PeHeCQHC - H8 HTaJlIIJ'e 8

. T ' IXBaTHO

H Cp6HJY, 0 ee HaJne~We BRAH. aa IjIpecKua y MaHaCajB. _

illTa saure, Y HCTO AOu~ ona)Ka)y ce H aHa~H YTHqaja CPOCKor }l{HBOIIHca aa HOBO TanHJaHCKO CJlBKapCTBO ...

CPpeCKO CJlHKaH:.e 6ewe Hajjaqa CJJHKapcKa rpaHa

KOA Hac. - ct>peeKaMa cy HcnytheH" 6UJlH CBB BHAOBH HaWIIX

'. CTapax

llPKaBa H rpneaapaja, HJlYCTPYJYHH 068'180 tlpno neno ca p _

, • t eJlH

rItJCKo-nep;arOUlKOM TeHAeHLtHjOM, ~Hore ,Ilora1jaje 118 CTapor H

H080r Basera, Llpicaeue MCTOpH)e H nereHAapHRX >KHTKja CBeTHX. •. A sa paaaeooy CJIHK~ no aMAoBHMa nocTojao ie H craaas MaH .HJIH KaHOH, xora re Y XIII. B. KOHa'iHO YTapAHO 3HaMeHHTK MajCTOp 02 HeMUH Ha. eOJlYHa. no lberOBHM TeopKjaMa If Tex.HH'iKHM uponHCHMa caCTaBHO je aTOCKH K8Jlyt:e A _

. xv' 6 9 P 110

HHCHJe y . B. jeAaH YV eHUI, upasaaa, KOjH H AaHac CJJY>K

xao HaBOp sa npaBOCJlaBff~ HKOHorpa«jJHjy. - Me1Jy MHorOGpojHH:

Ca'lYBaHHM «pp~CKaMa naprenure cy OHe MatttAOHcke WJ(OJle.. a 33THM Y Mano] CTYAeHHI.\H, MaHacHjH H KaneHldiy.

Iloptapetuu KTHTopa l(pK8eHHX, IbHXOBRX nopOAllila

KOjH ce uanase y 4JpecKaMa no CBHMa CTapRM Lq),_ IIIIIIIM.

HMajy aa Hac ueouetseay BpeAHOC1'. - Ha Tal Y

oxysaae CJlIiKe rOTORO cBHjy lfJlaH08a AHHaCT.lje He: ..... ,'IIL XOBUX HaCJJe,lUiHKa aa npecrony H .Horax. yrll Ita uaure npOlUnOCTH. A nOWTO cy e, Y caspeaeaa noprpera, pat, HM n Heo6H1.fHO Ao6po aa pasHa HI

XHlba, na H npOTO

npaR nOM HaJJI8H c:e y flOCllla.IlD

j

66

UO!lH ce npea 6oropOlV1LtOM ca ManUM XPHCl'OM J{.neYI1 If ... • .'. Ha

KP~f.'IY CnJfQHa je «ppeCI(a Y OXOPH,D;C~OJpl.(~KBH CB. I{J1HMeHTa; a

npe,lJ,CTaBJba cpnCKora ,D;HHaCTY CTOjY ajaxoaatra, rOCIlO,lJ.apa OA I{OCTypa, KaKO ce t\W:Uf npea "KOHOM 6oropOAHtUIHOM.. Y fpaA4Y

sa KTHTOPCKl.lj tjlpeCLlH,EoropOAHu,a BO,o;H KpaJbRll.Y JeJI e oner, . . . . 6 fly

sa pyKY H npRBOAH je XpHCTY, Aa 1.0J .lIarOCnOBH I.(PKBY O,lJ, Koje

[enena npaHOCH MO,D;eJI; a npare je MY>K lbe3JtH).f CB. C~IMey ~

MY .' H

HeMBIba. I1Ma H cnDKa xoje npHKaaY1Y KaKO ce KTHTOP MOHalUK

HJUI AplKH Y PYU" KTHTOPCKY noeezsy.ana OTBopeH KOBQe»udi e »,apoBUMa. Y MHJJeWeBH "aJlaaR ce rppeeKa C HaTIIHCOM 06pemel-luje MOU1U1U CB. CmeifJoHa-/(e'laHCKOl'Q; a y neHH npaxaaaao Je YMHpaa,e apXHenHcKona Case ~I. Y MopaLfH oner HMa Ita ,l(oQlhrjer BpeMeHa cppeCKa, Koja npHKaaYJe 3H,ltBlbe rora M8H8CTHpa. -I{TUTOP CTecjlaH Cliff BJIKaHOB, ceA" npeA MaHaCTHpOM, a npe)J. !bHM CTOjH apXHTeKT' Y HaTflHCY ce K.v«e: ,l),a ce Cre4»aH caservie c npOTOMajcTOPOJ\\~

OCRM rora Y MaHa~THpy ,lleliaHHMa ~Ma je~Ha }].o6po Ottysaaa BPJIO jf{HBa IjJpeCKa .JaCHHX, TOnJIHX .60Ja, KOJa HaM na OPRrHHaJJaH HalfKH npaxaayje Y .npapouno] BeJIH\lRHH ueny lway HeMolbuha, o~ HeM3fbe AO napa Yporna. BHCHHa ie CJU1Ke 6 '" 3 WHpHHa 2'55 M. PacnopeljfHa je reHeaJWWI(K Y 06J1HKY paarpa: aaror craena, xoie ce BHAH aaa HeM31be, KolA [e Y A~Y H J<paJba .l(e'iaHCf(Ora, ca uapesaaa ,l,(ywaHoM H YpoilleM ua BPXY· BnaaaOUK cy npHKaaaHH Y UMBHH, a OCT3J1H liJIaHOBH noponaua y nonpcjy. - CJJa60 ycneae KonHje OBe CJlHKe nanaae ce y nehCKoj

flaTpHjapwHjH If y fpa'iaHHQH.

O.u; HKOHa pa~etUfX HB ApneTY, a aapo-raro na nnOliaMa OA

ranca, MpaMopa H MeTana, OCTaJlO HaM je caao MaJlO npHMepaKa. _ Hajcrapaje "KOMe Ha JlPBeTY aaaaae ce Y OXPHAY. QHe cy Max OM OA XI. - XIV. H" a npHKaayjy noaajaaure DorOpOAHlty H

XpHcTa.

MUlllljaaIYpe cy ce KOIJ, Hac paasane apno CH8>KHO KIO

orpaHaK BHaaHTHjcKor CRUKapCTBa, ana ca MHoro OpHrBHIn OC06J1Ha cpncxor o6ene>Kja. MHOfHMa ce HHey Harune IHano D 'Y SII8.BTRjN HH HI 3anaAY ~o caAa je npoHaljeHo H KOJI UJIIM'rypHJIX a60pHoa cpncKIIX YMeTHua H8 11.oro CJUI'IJIqI, Koje ey nOCTlJle H 0 ....... Jlno ca. 11 reHAlpHRX _lUI Ij'Mru n lUllIlUp

H

"y'T SPAHJIH cy crpy-nsaua: na cy op

Y'nruaje~\ KOllTCKo-erHnaTc'KHM CHP HruHanaH cpnCKH paA. ..

• ,CKHM, BHaaHTajcKHM

ffHM; rra na je y TOM npasuy CTBOP aa

T eHa U ~HTaBa lUKona

arypacra.v. aKOBO je H l:fYBeHO Man ... l<paja XII. H., ca apaoecxaaa H TepaTUPOCllaSlbeBO ]eBaldje,n" ••

. . OROWKH YKpaWeHBJI

'lanHMa O,lJ, npennereaor 6HJba, IfYJJ.0BItWHHX R8H~B-

,pHrypa. A jeBaHijeJbe H3 1428 r Ta • )JOIBOTHlha H JhYACKH

CJTHtIMo;aMa H BIHbel'aMa M"HHa~Y~HH KO re neno U BeWTO YKpa sa xacr ounaunso] nauio] YMeTHOCT"~J1HKap PaiJoCIIQB, Aa eny

M03QUKQ no 311J].OBHMa HHje Y H ()

caao HelWJlMKO npaaepaxa O/l.nHlIH ae UJlO. - OCTIJIO HaM je

or MoaaHKa no lin"

aOBUMQ .. TaKO je ynpaao peMeK AM .".. SeHUM DO-

y llywaHOBY CO. Apxauheny KOA ;p:ae :~~Te lIIopao (lnll naroc 'Ha rrpBOM MeCTY CnOMI0t-be Mel:y aHallA P I KaAa ra JI TOIIII ...

IJ eHHTOCTHMa cpne

y CBeTY HHr)J,e napa HeMa A 3HaMO' • If

. , na re no TeXHH'I oj

aaacra O)).RMliHO AeJIO naTOC y npHnpaTH llPKB y MaR

je CKnOnJbeH H3 yrJ1a1.faH ~ -_Uft.

or oenor H upaeaor MPIMO

cepneuraua. 0)). YMeTHH"If(e cy Bpe,Q pa,

. HOCTM M oOlOBR y n-- .. '--

upxaaaa, KOjH cy Ha1.fnlbeHIl 0.0. pasHo(ioJ'HH

. b X yr na'llHHX K·I.' ••

JleDO pacnopenenax Y npaBKJIHe opHaMelfTcKe ...

Helm OJlfIJOHU, Y BrRUM ltPKoaMa HaWH KOj ary J

BaHpe)J,HO BeUlTO MoaaHliKH Hapa~ HM odn y P

.... aHHMa ynoTpeCSJb He y npa TOM H 0 88t ....

. 110 H

cnoj Bli O/lOBO.M. sanueenu.

Bajapc'rao, OSI seWTHHI

MOHYMeHTaJiHUM o(inHllHMaj UK 8M npaxepasa re BeWTHHe. H PO'l. 0 pa, ..... t.

ApBeTY, cnOHO oj KO H nIlQCmU'lHQ OpH4 H npo opa Q K TYA HHQ8 H Ae'la:n.a.

o a Hajcna6Hje lbYIlCl<e C;lfrype. - 11 Y QPKBaMa IUtaaHTHJ'c

TlHb~') korl

aacrynaaa je OBa YMeTHOCT ua KanJfTJIHMa YHyrpa

CTlIJJa LIJIbJl't

- 6 . a HapOLJMTO na HKOHOCTaCHMa, capKOfjJaaHMa If BH

cry OBa 7 . 6 COklfA\

aM' IToMeHyileMo caao KOJIOHe H anycTpa;r;e ua MpalJl aMBOHK~a. mOPHIf~

HKOHOCTaCHMa Y MapKoBY MaHacTlfPY ICO~ CKOnJba II Y CraPoA\

HarOpHlJaHY, re Mpa~opHe HKOHOCTaCHe cTy6UHe Y QPkBh CIl Coqurje, ,[{3Hac J.laMHJe y OXPU.llY, ca MHoro OBHal<a aHl'lf'fk~

ype Ty ce xao H Y Hepeaa, H3Jlaae Ii OCTaU.H BI6C cKynnT. , _ n OkOr

aMBOHa, CJJJfliHOr AaHall1fbHAt nponOBe;r;aOHHQaMa, }(ojH nOJ<aayjy

Heo6u'fHY aeurraay Y HSpa.llH opaaaeuara y l<aMeHy. OC06HTQ le y Hepesa BaHpe~Ho OTMeHO If npeQHBHO. H3Be;r;eHa je,lJ,Ha AHBlia crrrncxa pea6apHJa y 6eJlOM MpaMOPY, ca BPJIO YKYCHHM nJleTHBOhl. naJIMeTaJ\IB, c:paaaHHMa If APyrU,\t YKpaCHMa. Taj CTHJl nOAceha MHoro aa Haj60Jbe rpHJlerpaH paaose y cpe6py HaUUIX CTapHX It MOAepHHX anarapa - l<yjYffl,nrja Ilpaspeaa H CKOnJba.

Ilpoooea je JtMao KO,ll, Hac OJJ;JUllfHHX npeAcraBHH((a, amf Hai\\ ce Ott IbHX MaJIO npeAMera casyaano. ~ BaTpa H BpeMe HajnaJ<lue cy nOHHWTaBanH re CBeAoKe Harne crape YMeT~ocrH. I1nal(, nopeD. .MHHHjaTYPHMX panosa Y KPCTOBIu,la J.i eHKOJInHJaMa, OlfYBaJfO HaM ce II HeKOJUfKO KPYflH}fjHX npHMepaI{a rora paaa. TaKO cy aa np csyaaaa BPJ10 .neno opnaaearacaua APBeHa spara "a XJIf. B. aa LlPI<BH CB, HHJ<OJJe Y OXPKJI,Y. Pea je YMeTHHlJl<a HBpa.a.a nTlflta~ .If<JtBOTHfLa, JbYAH.H pa3HHX 'fY~OBHWra no xpuw'haHcKHM 11 rp'iKIfA\ aTHH'IKHM .\lOnmHMa. A BPJIO Je aaHlf.\tJLH8 Ii A~Rope3 H3' XIV. 8. ua BpaTUMa Y J'rlaHacnfPY Cnenuy l<OJ~ DlITOJLa. 113 rora ie BpeMeH3 H npseua crarya Clio I{)mr. ern-a y IberoBoj 4P1<1.m y OXPHJlY

. OHa je npe crajana na i'frYMaHOI:lY ",ec'ry y Tpne3aJ)HjH Maffa-CTMPCfWj. PeAteK JJ.fJIO !,l.OQtlHje APB )pe86apcrn" YJ\tCl'HOCTH npeA"::Ta ... HJba Hl1J.HWT CS. Crediana i(e'lClHCf{Ora. ria H,eroay Bal(JJonQY HapeaaHIl cy HeMalbHfitf l:a UJlaCTeJIOM, ,- JbU'~OM Ii newaJU1joM, re naTpK [apca ca enac« nHMa If cnCll.TellCTBOM. Knea AJIt!l<CaHAap a a ~o p ~ e 8" Ii J\a 0 [e II 3~1 ar "'I'll. 0 sa j I, "UOT 1849. r, A K8 nplUl OA:IHliHor npaopeaa "3 HOBJfJer BpeM ~Ha JtMaMO H aaKpeAflO JlOla o'.yoaHH HlWHocrac upxae CB. Cnaca y CKOnJbY, KOjR C.Y.,.jllUl

peat>apH }fa J(e6pa. Ha JneMy cy H3peaaUH MH rlt CIt ..

H HKOHe CSHX Oa)KHHjHx npaaHHKa, y aeUJ 8'1fC

rpaHi a, nMUlhy If BOJ;y. Ha apxs] J--" ......

A BOP 6apH npH CHOM no Jry 'IUIHOBOj KOClDU H Apy

meana H nallaT'Mje HJlH eHKonnRje, ea MnBjaTyp 6oropo,QHlle, Xpacra H ,Qpyrux CBeTHTeJba. A Y Ae ..... _ .... rac Hapa~eH Y UHOpOry ca HapeaaHoM HKOHOM Boro~ , Jl.ltHH H 20 CBeTHTeJba OKOJJb. - OKOBaHHX y cpe6pHII. MeAIAOIOIM.

OpnaMefiCllulla y Mema.llY OlJ,JlHlfHO je aaCTyD8Ha y 1I.11d1J crapo] y.MeTHocTH. - Ty je noxaaaao H MHoro CallOCT8JQIOCTB • oplfrHHaJIHOCTR y KOMno3HQHju H KapaAH. PaA Taj no'leo ce CS

KO]J, Hac ,Qa paasaia J'PCljeM XI II. B., KaAa je PYAapCTBO yxaaTIIJIO

Maxa H CTaBJbaJJO.Ha pacnono)l(elbe 068Jbe Aparoqe or n

3aTo cy pynapcsa Mec.Ta, a nocne oco6no npaape" c.m ... e, nOCTaJlH ~etll'pH Te BewTHHe, na cy JI JJ,aHac Haj60J1ae RJJYRV e Y THM E(pajeBHMa. Y ,lI,06a nOCJItAH.UX HeMalblllia .opano ax je OHTU MHoro H no MalbHM MeCTHMa. Ae'laHCKH XPBCOBYn. DO a.e «oeaue Ii 8JWWape xao nOJi,aHRKe aaHaCTHpcKe. A Iq)an. Ap.

na CBOM ABOPY Y Ae6p[(y aa CaBH nOARrao je H.p0'l .....

fiYP"UjCKY paduonuuy, Y Iboj cy Hapaijna8B IIY1'IIJ)H, AR:CJCClaL CTOBH, pMOHJJ.e, Ka,D.HOHHu.eJ cBetilbaqa B APyra QPDCH oJl, cpenpa H an ara, Te cy oKlI'keHR fSacepOM • AP8 nOlUIafbaHH paaHHM u,pKBaMa H MaHaCTHpHKa no Cp&ljK 0 nOM npaBOCJIaBHOM caery,

HajBetH npe,[l.MeTH 0)1, cpe6pa H aJl"fIla Gexy M('AeJiH QPKaBa, aJlK HaM je 0"" liaR a(Sor otSn.

nperanan-a BPJlO MaJl(J calfYBaHO, JeJtaH OA lIaII .

npenaera lecre cpeopaa LU>1C8R~a ca 24 KYG ce npaxa na je 6Hna MOAen no ICOM G IJ.

na j e CTP.fiJaH AY>Ke nO)l(HBeo. H T A~'U __ I' ,.~."

cperipa, ca nenRfl DoultaeHH. aajllDCI .. 011"'. __ HHt~Ky BpeAHOCT. nop A KPCTI CllIlYIll .... j ... ~l. 1(QB\fe>f<H1ia y pa re.1bCf\'lIX Mo1lH OI(OBH jeBaHog,rg. 1:HMa y M A, .... C)n ......

TapH oaK.' HOCTR R 081 .......

70

. .' O.ll KOllaHaua M 1l.'JOI.fHn;a aa IWjHMa re U3Bajalt

raM3 KOJe C3CTOje

. , 6 - KPCT ca lJeTHpJif OIlIVla.

cpnCKH rp 6 C .

EM8Jb je 1(0.0. Hac Tal{o~e yncrpe JhaBaH.- peTa.MO ra Beh,

, H3. Y Oxpu,u;y "3 XI. If XII. B.} a HapOlJHTQ no

a OXOBMMa Hr(Q

H BHMa HKOHH.u;aMa, HIfBOTHMa, KontlaMa H.IlU naa ...

M.eranHHM KpCTO , , -

. aa H T.,D;. Illra saure, HM3 npaxepa na cy Y fLeMy T3M3 O,lJ, noiace

MHI:UfarypHH noprpern uaurax Bna~aJlau.a Ii CBerlf ..

Ifapa~MBaHJf Hen

T ce Y cBeToropCKOM MaH3cnfpy B. 3BJJa Ha.'133"0

u~a uo X

. )I(}ffi ca KpcnrHeM 0)1. pi1CTOBa APBeTa a ua JbeMy

cpe6pHIf J(08'Ie

BJIanHCJJaBa. A aa jletraHcKOBO.M xpcry ca ner Kyoera

CJUIKa KpaJb3 f'\ C

to cy Ha CTonH JUlKOSH Ca. CHMeYH3, B. Case II KpaJba

Hapa~eHJif.

M - ca qeTHpH jeBaHgeJUiCTa H TpM cpncxa rp6a.

JfJIyTHHa, .

Jow Je o6HtJaj 6HO, ,u;a ce If pe.fbelp" H3paljeHI~ y ),aMeHY

H JlpBery 6ojaiJulUv. Taxo [e ua np, Y CTYAeHlfUI1 nOJaJUiCall ono peJberjJ DoropoJ{lfQe ca _XP:CTOll', a OKOJIH" seaau 6eUJe noa:laheH. Hero raro 6ojaJ.{l!caHa je OHJla If npaesa crarya CB. I{Jll1MeHTa y OXPIf.llY. na n Jl}fCTOBH H3 r]JaBaM~ Ka,:,eHHX crydona, ltPJ<BeIHfJ<. 11 JIICOHOCTBCHKX 6exy nOK3TK3,u; OOJaJl,KCaHH.

BeB na C.8HJJH H ~pyroj CJ<YrrOLJ,eHoj M.?lTepHjM liajomue Je HerOBBH no BJl3,a;aJ)aQKHM H BJJ3CTeOCJ<MM lI.BOpOB-ldMa. - Bek 3HaMO -xaxo je J(paJbHL.(a jeneaa ocuoaana aa C.BOM ABOPY WKOJIY aa Y'fefbe ,a;eBojaKa if(eHCKHM pYQHHM pa,QOI~KMa; a JLeB CUH t(pa~ ryTHH H3 CBOM }J.BOPY Y Ma'fBH, nOJl."ra~ • je nop /I. MCTanyprHj ... cxe jour H KOHtjJeKllujcKY paituouuuy, Y J(OJOJ cy H~paJ)WBalle (joraro yxpauieue llP'foeHe O)lemtJ,e H npyre norpeoe re UpCTe. B aJJO ce, sao H Y BHaaHTHjH, an3TOM, cper5poM H crmnOM, a ya TO ce 10tTUJlO 6HcepOM H tlparHM J<aMCfbeM. f fa fToje}(nHHM oJtC}f(Jl,aMa, a napo .. 'fHTO aa enHrpaxHlbHMCl J1 rJ1ellollHM3, pa~eHH cy JlHKODH cuer .. - TeJba If "fHTaBH Aora9ajH aa Crt nHcMa no BJfSal'ITHjCfOtM Y OpHMa,

anH HaM ce HajnenUJM npnaepua OLfYBalUe" nnaru aHHQaMa.

06paaosaHe BeaUJbe naure yM lie cy nOKaTKaJl, H CBOJH

pa,qoBBM8, Aa HrJrHQOM HaBeRY H cnoie H Ty~e YMHe OpOH a JlapO'fHTO caasy Bory H noxsaae CHeTJiTeJbHMa. aKO J

Dp. 1C8Jly~epHlla jujJUMuja, YAOHHU.a necnora YrJb W , J AH

Of eHljo )l(eHa aaure npouiaocra, KpajcM V

H DOlCpoIY KHeaa Jlaaap PJlO AHP".H Y

nyHy )I( )I(

J

rne ce ~YBa II [enaa BaHpeAHO aeWTaliKH H8Daljeaa DJl ....... 1t3 XlV. B. ca spno HHTepecaHTHHM KOMOo8HnJlja a

Ilocne nponacra xauie npncaaae CaMOCTaJlHOCTH npew J

HOCT osa, ca MHonlM BnacTenHHKaMa HawHM, y PYMYHajy, rAt Oco6IfTO paSBI'IJIa y XVI. B.

BOKaJlHa MysuJ(a un" nojalbe npeuino je K HaMa TalCO rpKa, saieAHo ca u.pKBeHHM necaaaa, fp'IKe upxaeae ne e 0 .. " •• _

Y npaHlfJlBHM YMerH"'1KHM ol'.inHl.\HMa TaKo, na cy CTPO }beHe "3 PHTMHlJI01X craxosa, ca jeAKal(HM aKQe 0 CJ)orosa, na cy TH CTHX08H, Y CTapHM pYKonHCHMa. OAeJbeHH ftII:JI. u,pBeHHM Hnl1 l\P"HM Ta'-lKaM3', xoie cy nojl.\HMa CJlY*IIJI • MepHllO aa nolan,e. CTapK cnOBeHCI(H H AOllHHjH cpncKII n JI,nOL~lI lU)KneIlUX necaaa H8HO llJlK cy y npeeOAY CTuxa 'I TO Y npOSH, 8JIH cy anax aaAP)I(aJiH M~rHII'l1l. "IUII_ op~irllHaJJa It T luca.Ma 8Ha"lHnH CBaKH 'rIB. Jl,(J ca Olll1UlOM n caxa 11 I(lU "pet; H rp'lK

Iluja y pnCKY llpxsy.

Taxo [e y npao npeae, no HOj npHnHu.H, H W

l1CTO I(a( u rp-rxo, By J\OLlHJ.tj..: cy K01\ Hac. KOjH 0

OTHl\(a.1" Maxa HapoAHH MOTH H H

My. HK P pa 0 IfPIK'.4'IG • .,..,.

Mtllla~1}1pa n

B h 01 II

II IIiTCIICTIlY li Hap AYt r

nap Jl,1I0M "OJ"H M. 11 UPKIl >tlC nojatb TaKO HI cxe IlIKJbanH CB j najtS nl pnCKOM" 'I"HY

IV. C

72

8 '::Ii IIHJJU BeJUfKD )laHaK aa naTplfjapw8jy It noce6HO ffa

cy Ha a.l1 n . A' ha ...

TpHjapawKO )lOCTojaHcTBo. arpzjapx pceH~Je nO,l{HOCHO ie JOIl.

uexaxo raj ,o;aHaK H saapaeao BnaCT naTpHJapalUl<Y AO CMPl'lt,

A xaaa Ie OH Otflf aaI(JlOnHO Me~y CJlOMJheHH.M, aOYfLeffl(b

lJU, '" flo , '" If

aanpenalIJTeHHM nperuaaa HaUUfM, HHJe ce onaax Haw~o lf08el{,

t<ojn f)u ce noyazao ,o;a. He MO'hJ1 no.n;AtMpU:BaTH .0Haj rOJle1tl1t

[ep ncnaneae If Op06JbeHe cpncxe aeMJbe JaKO cy oc JlaH3r<, , . • 11-

pOMaUHfJIe ,.. Ta HeSOJba joru je hefia 6HJla, WTO cy Y OHIfA\

KpBaBHM paroBHMa onycre.ne H nponane MH~re enapxltje .. MaHacrupa HalliN, a enlfCKOrIH If KaJIy1jepB BlUI rro6HJeHH HJlJ.{ ce paaCierJHf;

OffR nrro ocraure HHCY HMaJ1H ,o;080Jbl10 caare If CMenOCYk

,o;OK rJ Q,

.a;a ce nare yrrpaae QenOM CpnCKOM u,PflBOM

Taj TeWKH nOJIO)l{aj Cpncxe QpKHe Aot5po je ADwao aMOI1 ..

UH03ffOM noraaaaua Oxpaacne ApXHem-fCKOlHfje, KOjR Ie Befi .a.OTJJe nouohy Typaxa, orprao 6HO OJ( neiicl(e naTplfjapwHje Hel(~ MHTPOlJOJlHje If enacxonsje, na ce WTa SBWe-- Haausao If naTp'tjapxoa Cp6a, nopen >KHBa aaxoasra ~aTpHjapxa KOjH ce kpajeM XIV. B. npeCeJIDO Y }f(Hqy, a AOQHHJe y CMe~epeBO. CTora Otl OJlMaX ynoTp'e6H OBy npUJUfKy If nOMORY TYPCKHX BJ1aCTM ~p~o npotnlfpH BnaCT caojy HaA u;enOM CpnCKOM I.J;PKBOM, - narpHjapaurzo ,!{OCTojaHcTBo yae CaMOBJJaCHO ce6H; a fbeMy nO,l(BJJaWTeHH MHTpOnOJU.TIf MH1lemeBCKH HJlB xepueroaasea cMaTpaHI1 cy OJ( Ta~a crapeuraaaaa Cpncxe Ilpxae, re UK crora HaWH crapH y sanacaaa HaaHBajy no fcaTKaJJ, If apxueUIICKOUUMa, KOjU iJP:JICe ttpecmo Ce. Case ...

Kaa3 je .u;oquHje, nOtle)'KOM XV1. 0. (1531.), MHTpOnOJlItT CMe,QepeaCKH Ilaaae, noxohy OIVJH'iHHX Cpl5a H aa ,l(oCSap aoaau nOTKynJLeHHX MOHHJfX Typaxa, oJJ.MeTliYo ce OJ.',l OXpH,l(a H nporJlaCHO ce nelicKHM narpajapxoa, re nOKYllJaO ,l(a caMOCTInHO ynpa8JLa CpncKoM I.4PKBOM, TaAa je OXPHACKH apxKenHcKon caaBa CIIHO,q If npoxneo rora PO'!{OJby6HBor Cp6HHa. YjeAHo je no p nOMoil 011. qapHrpaAcKor narpajapxa, KOjlf je na8JJa nporn caJ)rH)'T1Ul C "peCTOJJa H oApeAHO, Aa ce neltcJCa flaTPRJ w ... CMlTpaTH JCOHa'iHO YKHHyroM H cal CpnCKa np' .. 11'-._IIJ.

D01l8praai OXPH.QCKOj ApXHenacKonRjR. y

__ lOlaCIIII • Typace apXOBHe BJlaCTB,

1550" no 0

2. CPllCKU Hapoo y poacmBY mypelCDM. - C d jeJl.aHnYT nornana "OJ! TYPl<e, xao WTO je TO dao ",,JIll"" rapHMa, nOJIUTHlIKH paCllenKaftH H Meljy COdOM aB .. ' R ........ HallH1 nOLIenH cy MaJlO no Mana nOTna,llaTH nOA TypKe 6HTIle ua MapHltH 1371., a KOHa'fHO nOTnaAowe TeK Y AlftVlNJII. nO.l0IH1HH 11 I{pajeM XV. B. OHM y YrapcKoj H CJlaHOHllja oa ce ~f .u.aJbfl cae .[(0 n0J10BI1He XVI. B.

300r BeJ1UKUX Ap)f(aBHHX norpees, 'leCTor IIJha Ka •

Jbelba TYPCKor, Te MHorHX KpBaBHX MeijycotiBqa cpncn 1UI1.~.ll'WII" seh y XIV. B, 6110 je npereaca« )f(HBOT CpnCKftX CeJhaKa Y lYllCH.:. f(pajeBHMa HaUIHM. Crora y nojeAHHHM OCiJlaCTHMa HHje Hif onupao caoa >I01J1aOOllJHY TYPCI(Oj npeBJIaCTH; Jep ce __ na fie raaa 6ap nJba~KaJba " pO(SJbeftta npeCTaT TeWKU J.(aHL4H H I<YJ1yU,K He YMatbe. H TYPttH cy 86 apeae, 0 Ta8111Uf uaure nperxe Aa no cBOjHII rapH MUPHO >KHBe. 3a TO 'reper HOBHX rocnOAapa II ~Horo 1 emu fiHO OIl npeljawtbera. AnN, 0 Haje AY Ret 0,1\ XVI. B. nojeAuHH 06 eH" ynpaBHHIUI TypCKH O •• DII I"IIIIIIIID AOCa~"BarH Cp6HMa CHOjHM npeTepaHHM HaM TR". B Yii TO C' nonuroiue uapcxa AaHUH (x.pa'l H APYro KYJJYJ.J.U T31{O, Aa HX nojeAHHttH 'teCTO nay IIOlr_

Mlfpe, fin cy sar HeMHnOCPAHO MY" Hit

Y To Ao6a 611JI0 j no TP ona c poon, M; a ya TO cy rp 0

p'laMJllllfllH ce no BHMa KpaJeBH HIIIIIIJI.

·f ypaxa H ll.aJhe ra BOAe H npenpOA aNn.,

Y}f(ac Je 6Hno nornea TH, J(I

t<po ria me a M I.IUV ... , .PlllIIII

n

74

• +" ce B~l"ljaxy MYWKH H )KeHCKR ca JIaHQeM OkO

nOllRHJe "feWne ~ A

If flo I 'MHJJOCTlffbY aa orxyn poozsa, "MHOr" npell_

opaT3 rAe CKYDJhaJY "\

' H MaHaCTl~pa oTKynJbHBaJIH cy l<a~roA cy MorJJI[

cr3BHHllH6 llPKBe we op; 6eCHHx Typaxa. OBH nolasa cpeTaJlIf cy

J'3AHO po Jhe aa XIX

Y 110yeTKY . B.

ce .lI.'OCTa lfeCTO H .. . •

O . -HX TepeTa H crraxmcsax HeAeJla Hall je Hapo,ll; .a;OCl'a

/1, ~t.Hor , . 6

O crapa oraBillra CBDla H eseao y CTpaHe 3eAlJbe

"feCTO OCTaBJba. •

HMe aepy H sacr ce6M If nOTOMCTBY CBOMe. AJJn

caMO Aa caqYBa , .:;)

're)KHX repera 680 je cTpawliH oana« Y KPIJU, KOj'f le

je.ll.aH ott HaJ .

. xpaja XVJ I. B. TYP~H cy. HaRMe, C BpeMeHa na

TpaJ30 cae AD

JIB D.lI. aecra AD MeCTa H oA pOAHTeJba Y3HM3JJn HajBpeMe, Hill

, H HBJ'nenWYMYWKY ,lJ;euy, na HX OABO,!{HJlH COOOM .lI.a Hx

3.l1.pa8HJY - ., ~ _. , . , •

op,pO.ll.e H YlfllHe J3HHQapKMa, nOTOfLHM HajrOpHM KPBOOlfjaM.a

Hapo.aa csora. MHorli p0.lvnelbH ca.MH cY caKanfJHi )l,eLlY CBOjy,

f6X TypllH He o,D,SeAY, HaKO je A0,lJ;YllJe 6Kp'l0 H TaKoBnx C ly-

caltW p,3 1'1 ~ .'

1fajeB3, ~a no HeKH pOAHTeJbH qat< Hy.a;e Jleu~ CBOjY TYPL.U1Ma 83

)KeJbe, JJ;a KM ,!{eJ..{a AO~Y AO OOJbera nOJJO}f{aJ3, y.rJleAa " BJJacl'U, re na Jf lbHMa )I("80T onamua, A aa Bpe,Me KpsaBHX narcea, f\OJIHHQ QIl Ma~a H orrha TypCKOf, TOJlHKO M JOu] BMwe 0),\ POOJbelba If OJJ;Ho~efba y npyre aeM.1be, O~YCTeJla cy He caao MHora cella I{ rpaAOBU, Hero " IUfTtiBH xpajeaa HaWR. BJJaCTeJla cpncza, I(oja ce tUfje XTfJJa nOTYPlfHTH H HHje K3t5erna y .Il.Pyre 3eMJbe, l'efil1- HO,\I je 6pao carpseua, jep je rzaaaa TaJ(T~J(a TYPCKUX CHJHIHJCa OMJla, lla HapO.ll. onearaaae H TaKO JlaKWe no caojoj BOJbH AJl3.a;ajy HaA fhHM.

nO;t TaKOBHM npHJlMKaMa, 360r HaCHJba TYPCKor, OKHTHwe ce y6pao rope If lJJYMe Hawe ca OHHM CJlaSOM OBeH'taHHM )lQjOYIlUMQ, KOjJf OHAa 6exy je.ll;HRJI aaWTHTHK~H H OCI,erIUfQH CKpOrHJbe paje. DBH cy yjeAHo 6HJJH H npaa HOCHO~H H~eje 0 CJJ060AH H paj.\eHHl.(H sa oCJIo60~efbY , .. -- Ero Y TaKODHM H CJJH ... HHM npHJJHKaMa nposeo je HapOA Haw roroao CBe speMe CBor poooaaa,a TYPIVfM3, na HHje 'JYAO, UJTO My je H )KHBOT Q K BCTO TaKO jaA8H H 'feMepaH 6HO,

3. CpaCKQ l.(PKBQ aoiJ mnOM yapasoM, Be

DpOIIJII rypCJCJIX Y Hawe 8eMJbe, nonan.eHH •• crapa H qpKBe Hawe, a H po.. 0 n

~ )'TO A KQI Y

H MaHaCTHpa Y Beorpaay Ha'lHHHJlH 6eSBCTaH H .PllIa."lAt. TlpaBOCJIaBHHM Cp6HMa ~CTaBRJJH cy caao Mane H 'l'PO BII1.{e H KaJlene, 6ea anona H KpCTOBa. Aa ce Y a..MB 8 WltteI._

"KG Eory MOJle. - nYTHHUH xpoa uauie Kpajeae XVI. B. _It&. 1 a cy aa np. Y Huwy BHlJ,enH Talla ceAaM "aMuir, a Tetc J A allY APBeHY lI.PKBHl\Y; Y Cpexcxo] MHTPOBHIlY (SMO je 17 \1a : HJlje,IJ.Ha UPKBa; AOK je Y 3eMYHY jeAHa jeANH. IQ)K8IIIll, 'n. ra nOKpHBeHa CJlaMOM, Burne nH'IHJla aa wTany Hero Ha p

HH onpaaxe upxasa TYP~H HHey AonYWT8J1 tSe 8UB or MHTa; na H Ta,IJ.a ce onpaaxa Morna H8SpWHBaTH 015H'I80 ca 0 M3TepujanoM crape u.pl<Be - HCTHM KaMeHOM, APBeTOM, na 'laIC If JlenoM.HaY3eu.H cy CiHJlH BPJlO peTKH ...

3BoHa cy nOCKHAanH, n~e rOA cy Hawnil H npenllJlll y TonOBe, J(a fbHMa 6Hjy aeMJbe H rpaAOBC XPHW a. CTapH MeCTO BBOHa vaeaouie n080BO lUI nan • TY>KHHM rJlaCOM fbHXOBHM o3Ha'lyj nos a II BallKBlde

csora 6oroCJIY)l(elba. - 3J1aTO. cpedpo II cae APY Iota upxasa H AlaHaCTHpa HaLUHX nOKynaw TyPlUl

C060M; ,3 "KOHe H >KHBOnKC HarpAlLwe 0PY __ lIi._

CBelJ,HMa, ra1JajyliH Y HMWIH H T. A rore J y d

6ora'roj npecroaasxo] ",Pkfl t II nYTllp

H as BAHl.\a, CRe OA Apa T 1jHJJ

YBepaBa nyronacau pn

EeorpaA H APyr KP

BellHHY cen

76

Jl,OM KOjy HM ffapO~ ,IlaBaW:, CTOra cy OHH, C BpeAleHa

MHnOCTM I "JIK H Y HaJ3a6H1'HHJe cpncxe I{'OJIHOHlle re npH

H3 opeMe sanaa . ..II: • _

, ' TU'tby aa MaHaCTHp! nOY1.faBaJIH} XPauPHJlH H TeWHJI"

MaJ l'fi H ,~UfJJOC ,. ..., q

J a He KJlOHe ·uo,IJ. TeWKlfM TepeTOM II Aa Be~YJe Y 60JLy -(jy ..

Hapo~. ,IJ, 0 cy YJ'e,ltHO 6K_JJH If OYXOBHUqU, rWJHMa ce Hapon

ny hBOCT. . HH ,.,

,., }let< eHO HcnOBe,o.ao, a OHK ra OLfHHCKH nOYlf3BaJHf H ca ...

pano H P a "POBOA" \:feCTHT xpHwliaHCKH )fUfBOT.

tteroBa;JH KaKO A

apoxUiCKO cBeutUJeHCUlBO rora ,Q,06a 6ewe HeTo

CpncKo a. 'J •

ao If ueo HapoJ.(. IhHx je yonurre Mano OHJIo re

OHallO 6e,lJ,Ho K .. j

- CTa cena Koja no ABa~eeeT H Burne rO.llKHa HHey

je 6HBaJlO Jl,O

reHHKa' JbY,lUJ cy ){(HBeJIH H YMKpa.rtH Kao H HeXPHUJ_

BHAeJIa CHew , '. A .

;<. CB Taj'ana H o6pe,!I.a. ... y cenHMa rAe HX re 611J10

liaHK, ves .

)KRBMH cy .H HOCHJT" cy ~e cBewTeHHQH AKan H CeJhau,H, oa Rojn

X~ CaMO noce6HoM KanOM. KO HHey 3HaJJH 1(31(08a

ce paaJIHIWBa J

"a cy opanz H xonanx aeMlbY xao H ~pyrH Te>f<aQH' a

aasara, Ta~ '. '

le H TaKOBHX KOJ" cy MOPaJ.IH aapa1jHBaTH xopy XJJef5a t1HBaJlO JfX J

urro cy ceKJJH H aerranx npsa no wYMaMa. re Jtx aa H TRIKe.

MaafaMa HOCIIJJH no YJIHQaMa ~KOJlHHX rpaaoea « npO,Q,aBaJIH. 0 eeBHM npaBHHQHMa nasao H.M je tJapo)J; MHJlOCTHfhy, aJl" HK CaM

, CTO' nOBOJhHO HMaO, - CrapH nYTHHQH aa6eJIe)l(Hwe HaM

HHJe Ife. ,.,.. . • '

RLann rasoae cseurreaaxe saure 6ocOHore H Bpno JilAHQ Aa cy 8 9

npH norpe6HMa H J1.pyrHM 06pe,llHMa . . . rpaACKH C8e-

oneseae,

r. UlK· BeJIH cy HeWTO 6oJbe. OHM cy ce 06HlfHO 6aBMJlK Ila-

wreHHqn. ~ .

KOBHM aaHaTOM. Taxo je t{a np. rrpora 6eorpaAeK~ KpaJeM XVI. B. no 3aHaTY 680 6ojatVfCalJ, jep oJ.( MaJIHX napOXKJCJ(~ npHXo~a HKje MoraD ,a,(: )KHS"",

}laKo je nojMHTH. na TH HamB CBeWTeHHl(K "Hey MornH 68TH AOfJOlbHO o6paaosaHH, KaD HH BeHHHa KaJly~epa oaora BpeMeH •. _ OHM cy otSHlfHO SHanK caao nOHeWTO IfHTaTH H nHcaTH. re JlR'" TyprRjy, BIDKHHje upl<BeHe 06pe.llH H ralae HeKaKO odaBHTH. AnN HoaK, y OHHM nperellJKHM BpeMeHHMa OHH cy BeJlHKe ycnyre,. II" Hue CpncKoj.I.,tPKUH.H Hapo.QY COO Me, calfY8a8WHMY aepy H Hapo. 0

Ya TO je Ta,lla CBaK8 cpncxa Ky,ha, a Hap01fHTO y 88&1 .... , Y lCojoj ce a8APY>KHH )l(HBOT jaKo paSIKO, uqDM. CTIpeWBH8 aallPyre c5HO je OHAI H

___ KOja RerURa OfSR'IHO HN Ow IUIIII •• t~.1

TOnne Hap04H onlltl."

eJIH ce 06aRlhaTH. A KaAa (Sa oTxYAa CBeWTt... 1Ui __

q •

I(OBY aa6HTHY Kyiiy cxarpaa Je Kao DOCJJaBIIR &oJRj •

no aaKOHY TYPItH cy npH8HaBIJIB cnoOOAY .,.enol_lIra. cy y npaxca c~HMa eHJlUa HaCTojanB, Aa eae OKO lU"O ie ...... Hlije H yr ne,Q,HHJe y HapoAY nplDl~ IhHXoBy Bepy. - Sa __ Hapo.o; HHCY ce TOJlHKO OTHMaJlH, Jep cy II. Tpedan. DO'AlJlIJQa KOjK fie xapas nnasara a cae APyre TepeTe CHOCHT., wj MyxaMe.o.OBQH ocno6oljeH~ (hl~R. AnB. KO ISH aaaee MI H aaiJ1llaJ YBpeAY sepa MyxaMe,IJ.OBOJ Tal ce Mopao DO-1'YP'lHTH IIJIH jt Ha"e My4eH K >KHB cnan-ea. H paAIt Tora liB CliO a"UK Maoro .Y'IeHHKa, KOjH, o6e'ljeHH Aa cy n,orpAHJlB MYXaMtAa, H8A1Hywe Y Her BetHfM MYl<aMa aa KOU,Y. KOHOntty R Jlo.allH jep ce He XTQowe XpuLUiiaHCTBa O,a,peiill... npHMepa pap nOMeHylitao ca 0 C ..

'Bopija Kparosua H3 noxerxa XVI. 8. - Sao j To IAIIi 0.

ItS rOAHHa, PO.o.OM K3 Kparoaa y CTapoj Cp6Bjll. je-

TapCKU aanar H 6ewe nOHOC CBOjHx POAllTeJl.a. A W J <SilO

nen, YMaH n yrne,IJ.aH xreaouie ra TyPIUl tuo. AI no Tora

ce 01[ YKnoHH y COcjJHjy H TY KOA jeAHor cpnCROr eRa..

nopen upxae xpazsa MHnYTHHat H8Y1fH aayl<)' XPBwllattcK)' II jow BHIUe aaaona sepy CBOjy. Ho H Ty je yoao y 0'111 Ty IlR .. -re

ra noseure CaJleTaTH Aa npHMH My 8AO

Aa lie ra YljHHHTH CHJJHaM H 0 'IOII1ROII.

IHI .o;a ljyje 0 TOM, Hero [e jow

,wi" My AOJla)f(axy, Aa re CIllO XDfRlIldllllC!_ ."tI!IIIJ!~

Xa~p.AOBo Y'letbe Aa je nYHo ; ..... _

XOI,IC H OHM ra onTY*HW k81

,Q,OSY, Me~YTHM OH C • _I"" 101_ IJR ...... ~ .. "'"

JlenHM Aa "PH H

ra Y TaM"H YAI ...

aoure ra 0 tSoraTct

7

I , npCHltlaHJIH PVKaMa ,QelJ,e eBoje - na 111\1

aBe Ha ye .. l} I ,

':Ui:ie upcr awi1aHclw o6ene>KJe Ii IfYBapH Bepe Y Tpe-

6 .ll\! c ra.rJHO xp 6

OHI[ Y J • yrnefba il cna OCT".

nlu<ora rrcx C 6

H)'UIIMa De BGfbO - CJIOBeHH H p6J.1 lIJUt cy HaC'rcq (;!Z{J.1

4. Ilpsa pace-,!,a " o~ VI. " VII. B. Maljaplt cy 1<" ~'a I ~MII II

' Y rapcKOj He ..... r-: 'C

y }y>t(HOJ nOUHHje ce ysehao vPOJ ptia j YrapcI\OJ'

. IX B nOIWpMllU ~ ,:: 6 B

Kp3Je\1 .. yrapcKO-pawKe oop e ca H~aHT"jo,,\ y

, 3a BpeMe

li C'1aBoHHJIf, XUI M XIV. B. aa aaane xparsa ,l.loarYl'lt}fa

XI. B., a Hapo'ulTO ~ Clla'BoH~fjH - unrperse a CpnCl{Ora HapoAa

McrolfHOJ' T

y Cpe,~1Y H 4= M OfT noxerra 15. B., Ka~a cy YPQH nocne

y MeJ)ynr, .....

Y TO.\\ llpaBI.( , 1371. H aa Kocoay 1389. cee miLue npOBa ..

6UTaKa Ha Ma~:~M3e\\Jbe, HacTyoHJJO je jaxo nOMepalbe Cp6a ca JhHBaJlII Y Cpn T3 Te cy AtHOrll npeJlaa"IJIH CTanHO CaRY H

craoax or}bHW , IJ. I

thl1XOBHX . t 6 3T l<pa.»esMJia MapKa - .AfUWap 404. r. no-

,llYHaB. OrYA je :e cKeP (crape 3apaH,llCKe) mYI1aHHje H KpaJbeRcI<lf crao mynaH Ap ~ y YrapcKoj. A y BCTO Ao6a J],06HJUI cy Cp6u

JfK BHnarorna

aanoaean J.(YHaay aapoxare nORJlaCTHQe OJ], yrap.

K aa aa AOfbe.\\

KOP. OBH ie cy CaqyBaJIH H ,llOUHHje Ka,u,a cy ce npeCeJIHnn

. paJba lCOJf C •

clwra K . J K '.1M aaure nY,lVfMa. Heurro J<acHHJe HaCeJIHO

BaJl 11 HO Bf.{ OB.. C

H OCHO 6' Cp6a H no J],oopHMa necnora Te£fJaHa JIaaa-

ce /,1Horo ~hH aPriYKoBKna-EpaHKOBHha, xoja OFfH nooHille no

pfBHha ~I ~plj 011 vrapcxor KpaJh3, UITO npll31!ame lberoBy YrapcKoJ JI peay CTY~Hwe My Beorpan (1411. H 1427.) A nOCJIe

BpxOBHy aracr H Y C ~

. Bocue » Xepuerosane npeJJaa'1J1H cy puM cue BUwe

na:,a CMeAepeoa, n as II Casy H aacea.aaan« AtHore rOTOBO caC811M

C j"!(He crpane I1YH , Y .

~ , CpeMY CJlaBoHHjH H JY}f(HOJ rapcxoj, AOI( cy

nycre xpajeae 1~~cTeneH~ cnyurrana ce y ,lIanMaLlHjy H XpBarCI<Y

C APyre CTpaHe .

ra MO 0)]; rypcxor pot5Jbelba H naneisa, onycTene

If aaY3H.\\anH, , E B .

Taaa ce neurro Cp6a HaCe.JJJfJlO H no PAeJbY, nawKOJ

aeMJbe. - lAo

H MOJl~aBcKoj, re ce .'tOQHHje pa~enHJIO "nM nopyMYHHno.

no CpeMY, CJlaBOJlHjH, BalfKOJ 11 EaHaTY HaCenHJJO ce aett y XVI,

Cpl(a "a cy TH KpajeBH OA TO Ao(Ja, na cae AO XVIII. ., H

•• TOJlHKO u, ~ n Ill.

reorpa,CItHM KapTaMa H Y HaY1fHHM AeJlHMa HaaHBaHH r'tlC'I."DM lUI

Cp6ajOI. A Y JlUKY, J<p6aay H npHMopje Hace.nHnH cy Typ MMftI!'.a .... _ .... , Ie.AI cy re Kp.jeBe y XVI. B. nopo(JJIJIH

ypCKJIX If a 110 rpa,qo B yJ 0 AY ••

CK3 na cse crpaae, a Me~y !bHMa H nOToMqH AecnOTa "ly, a Me1jy OBI1Ma npaa ce acraxao, Y HapOAHHM neCMaMa one BYK-3Maj Oneeuu, yHYK 'QypljeB OA CHHa My cJlenora rpry I. OH je npewao Y Y rapcny 1 ~65. H xpa6poudiy CBOjOM .8IAO(S1I J<paJba Mantjy TaKO, na My osa] 1471. AaAe AecnoTcKO AOcToJaHcTBo

Cp6lfMa y CpeMY H OI(OnHQH ca ceAHwTeM y CAQHItQMeny.

aaA .

Aolt1iuje, o6J).apno ra ie KpaJb, sa uenHKe 3aCJIyre !be rose CTe'leHe

60jHl1M nOJbHMa, MHorHM cenHMa H rpa,{J.OBHMa no CnaBoHHjH :a Xp"aTcKoj. A Kall je 1485. aecnor BYK YMPO 6ea lIelle, n08810 . J<paJb MaTJ1ja Jberoay 6patiy Oil. CTpHlla My cnenora CTetaHa.

Je •• A ~. t-

OSH cy ce TaAa, C Ma]KOM CBOJOM H 'JenHJoM, P09at<OM. cnaBHora

CJ<eHJ].ep6era KacTpHvTHlla, ,HaJIa3HJlH y c1tPHayncKOM BeorpllAY

A MJleTtPiKOM anaurhy, Y YrapCKY cy AOWJlH 1486., nOHeaWH n~60M CHeTO Teno alia caora Cmeg,aHa HOBOI'. KPlUI>je OAIII DOCTa~HO aa lIecnoTa crapajera 6p8Ta TwpfJa, KOjH je ynpaBJIo80 AecnoTO-

HH OM .D.O 1496., a OHJJ,a ce aaKany~epHO. lberoa MJla~H «SpaT JOBOH

B '. •

npHMHO jc Ta,na ,!I.eCnOTCKO AocToJaHcTBo H ca MIJKOM C80JOM ynpaa-

)baD Cp6HMa nOA yrapcxox onawhy. tbHxoBa npeCTOHH~a CSewe ncnpBa y 8epKaCOBY, a BaTHM y rpaAY J(yrzUHUK1 (KyoHHoay) HI CaBR

A xora ce 11 nauac 8ltAe pyuieaaue, - JOBI" je C5HO OMH'IIH jYHaK

o . A

H ycneuino je oACiHjao TYPKe Oil. rpaHHQ OJ ecnoToB H I

je Bet 1502. yMpO. lberosa YAoaHql J 'II " "4tH.TOr

aoisone cpncxor Clllef/JaHa jaKlUu#ta

cnasoncxor BJiaCTenHHa HBQHUWQ epurCJhI ...... n.1I .,.,.,.

HHjc nane HaCJlOB cpncsora AeCD01' yMpo necnoroaaaa je caMa JeneH , Cmjeaan H AO(SHO o,q kplUlt A·.l!.,rn'l'jl!1M

nocne (SMTKe H Myxa'!lko.M cnaBHti npelje

80

'a BJl8Cl'€Jla 6exy 6pafiajollUJulw, KojH cy Bell 1464. Aot'h"It.

I Jll'Jl.H lfJ 't ....

cnaxaay« Jia1)JJaqKH; a 3a TUM BOJf:O.lla BenAfY:JICfBUft ffe_'I~KU C:aKuhu uap JOBaN HeHaiJ-li,pHu, nempo8uli, OBC{QPe8Uhu~ r pa na IJ . I P _;j, u •

HOJ'BOna cpeMCKH QuOCflUI:J nennu« - Y HapOAHoj neC'I'1

IJOCJl~.Il.fblf ~ . '. Jl 11

'HleHOM eojsoda PaJKO - H MHOfH APyrl{.,. OHII c

11f13H·a·fK noJ], rUI ,. y

'leCTO }iMaJlH HeJHfKe CnaXHJlYKe If lliTHTHJlff PiBPOA HaUl on Ma~

. • Hac yael( MP3HJlH, pa.l{H nOBnaCTUIla WiQ H}( Haw

Jjapa KOJH cy . Jf

' 6"B3XY OJ], yrapcrosx xpaaeaa, aa BeJIHl(C KpBaBe aaCJlyre

nperun .ltO II ,..

upaJ'UHl-f xao H soor YMeWHOCTIf HauUtx y l'prOBHliu

cpncxe Ha n, y. .,

- Te cpncxe crapeurane y rapCKOJ" CJ1aBOHUj"1

" ~aHaTKMa.. u 11

1I0npHHeJJe na Je XaocoyprOBaQ <l>ep.llHHaH,Il, 1. Han_

1\1 uoro cy Po, 3 ~

• napr1HKa csora J<paJba joaana anoJhy H nOCTao kpa-

lI),a,nao cy ..

ibeM yrapClutht. .

leJ.(8H op. nOC~'leAfbHX HOJHHX CTapeWHHa cpnCKUX no/.( yrap• I-y 6wo je Ctaieuan WKU.lbaH.OBUh, I{O~ Hac 60Jhe n03Mar

L1\OM BJIallJn ..,

eTUI"'eJb CTeBaH illT.HJ"baHOBHH. -- OH Je HcrrpBa OKO Jle-

Kao CB fl' .

CJlOTCKIf BOjHO),(B (JlaCTeJlaH) y CpeMY H CJJaBOHHJH; a KaJ),a ~YP4Jt. JloCJJe norJfoJ.fje naKuheBe •. KOH~liHO OBJlalJ,awe THAt HP~Je8HMa "peije OH y CeBl'pHY C'lafjOHH1Y M jyroaarraauy YrapCKY --:- Eapafby, rue O,!l KpaJLa (J>ep}.tI!fHaH.Qa lloIJH npOCTP3H~ J(06pa. Ty je CrjenaH ~"Hle o/l, ABe ro.a.HHe (npe 1543.) xpao~o Op3HHO rpan. BaJlnOliO 0/.1. Typaxa, I<aA ce p3aOOJleO npeuiao je npeKo ~paBe y WRKJrYIlJ file je If )'mpo ... I1o~.'Ie fberOBe CMPTH oB.IIaAanu ey TYPUH ()p30, He caao l_(eJJo." C.'laHOHJtjUM ~ rOTOHO l~e.TOl\\ Y rapCl~OAI ca By-

. 'OM Hero IJ lR·)lUJ(H.\1 J(elTOM XpBa1'l:l<e l! l{aJl.'lall,lfJC, re cy H

;llf.\ ,

CHII CPOll no 'J'JIh ;-al.\\.'L;I.\I.(I ;~OrlJJlIf no.i H:dfXOfjY 'WaCT.

(j Ilpu« Lpllt:f{(/ 11,pKlW uoo )'l'lJPCKO/1f H//fIwAy. - ~o 1(0- Jla'lHOr pa~.Qe.IbCH-.ii XPHIJliJ'Hh':J.."e qpr'BC aa HCTUl1HY Ii 3ana~ltIy (1054.), na If HCJ(O "PC>lC nocne rora, HKje npaBOCJlaR~a LlpKaa

· Y rapcxo] nporan.aua. IJ Ira IHfUJC uar;rej(a, ~a cy oaw Y TO upeae Cp6u, l\tJjl1 y Y rapcxo] 'fa;~a 'feCTO AO liaj~ehHx 1I0oll0iKlja .lOJUllHaxy, He ca.",,! CJIO()OJJ,IfO I1cnOBeJJ,aJUt sepy CHOJY no HCTOIfHOM {)ope,.y, Hero cy 1I0JVf3aJUI " ~p'(Be If MaHaCTHpe aa eBoje CII

JJJTeHHKe " J{a:ly~epc. 1 aKO ee aa np. 'SHit Aa je yrapCKJlIJIJN'.

Patio y APyroj nO;IOIUfH" XI. 8. nOAHrao Ha a H

w.. .. nH MlHaCTHP Co. 1l.u flumpujo, no KOM 0

--. y pe y H 1057. r aolCJlo •••

'e nornaaao DOA QapHrpaAcKor naTPHjapxa, lCoj8 ra je. nocftl_.

J '. 0

J{JlKMeHT ie CBOIHM nBCM M HapeARO II.BTpaBClCOM enBcllOIIJ,

MaMacmp 06ROB8 H nonYlfH ca PHMOKaTonll'!". lIalln." ... oeHe,lJ.HRTOBa pe~a... A yrapcKa Kpan,HQa JtJltHQ, lieplC'a paw.OJ )l(ynaHa Ypowo, Halla Ie aa ManOJleTCTaa caora CRRa rejae II. y nOJJOBHHH XII. 8. ynpaBJbana YrapCKOM, nOAHrna je QPIC8Y • MI"aCTHp KOBRH Ha ocrpay lfeneJhy I<OA 6YAlIMa. Y HCTO apeMe 1137.-1163. r. H:.eaHH t5paT Cp6HH Benoui 6110 ie Ayro BpeMeMI lIaH CJlaBOHCI(H 8 naJlaTHH yrapCl<8, re je nOAHrao MaRaCTHp BalloU/map 1<011 lfepe8rrlia y Cpeay, Ho nOCJIe rora, I<IAa je OA XIII. B. paaJlHKa Hi:lMe~y 3ana}.{He If J.1cTOliHe QPJ(B'e C8e aawe nOllella na ce oceha, HacTojane cy nane, Aa ce y YrapclCoj HCf(OpeHK npaaOCJJaBJhe. M sa KpaJha JIajowa I. y XIV. B. rcrcso je .K aarpaeuo, - HajBHwe cy ce OnHpaJlII CptSH Y BaHaTY OKO Jluuoee, HCTOlfHO OA ApaAa, 3a tbHX RlfWy ~pa1be8QR y TO .1061: )la cy spno ynopaa K na cy npOTepaJlK PHMoKaTOnH'IlCe c8ewTeHHKe, HOjH cy IfM 06aBJbanR CReTe njRe, re ce noapaTHJlR caoio] crapo] sepa H nOCraJIH [our TBpljK Hero UJTO cy ~HJlH ..

MeljYTRM, I<aAa ce, c nO'!eTKOM XV. B., no'!eWe Cp6H y nehRM MacaMa HaCeJhaUaTH no yrapcI<HM aeMJhaMa, yrap KII cy KpaJbeBH CKJIOM npHJlHKa nOHOBO nOllenH AI Tpne npaaoCJJa

A K3,1l,a aecnor CTecjJaH BHeOKH clynH Y TeW e DPlljaTeJb 8

c Y rapcxoa (J 411.), nose H CpncKa np OCJJ OHa y

nonaraur na HanpeAyje. - Hcnpea le, H YM. II" po L~PK80M Y Y rapceo] II CpeMY BOZ.Hn t PHry MQ".tlHCItlI

AOl,(ftHje .""l'pono.'IHT 6eorp8JlCJCH' KOj J n I Y'CT~'n.,,,,

rpaaa l\1a~apHMa no Tao KOHN tWld,..

npaOOCJlaHIfMX p6 H

J<aAa cy c A nOlfeJIH AHalTH __ •.• _ ..

<PpywKa ro hOAHaIJilt a.tIlDlft'M

Te je saupenao TOnepaHTHa OHJla

xse aa CBojHM ~o6PHMa~M BepOHcrrOBeCTI{Ma. Taxo 3HaMO ua

1&pPeMa p.pyrHM xpHwiiaHCK cy _ JCa,!{a ce Meljy PHMOKaTOJlHQHMa

n J KwKke p,3 I

np aa 6paliy a , JlO WllPHTH XYCHTCTBO, paS,lJ.enHnlt:

. OpHMa noqe .

10 f-blIXOBJlM AO Ha1jJlaKY Ha ABa Aena, re ce Y JeAHOM

csoi npaBOCJI30tUI xpaM Y Y APyroM XYCHTCKO Goroc.nYH(elbeo

no npaoocnaBHO, a HOBaHa JOe CpeMCKa Euapxuja ca ce-

o6aBJb3 XVI B. oc

nOllerKOM . 'ft je caaanao 6HBlllH AecnOT Cpncl(lf

. u. Il'weooIlY, KOj • 1495

~HwTeM Y J'PJ os.H1i - OH je .. HanYC1'110 Ae-

Dopije CTeljJaHOBHii-EPalf:KaJly~ePHo ce non HMeHOM Mal(cJu\.

l'3HCTBO H 3 A) 0 P T

cnOTCf{O ,"OCTO je y BnawKY BOJBOAH a.n,YJly. y Ie

/JO~Hlfje (1507.) oraiuao capwHBwH cperno uexe ,lJ,HnJlOMaTCl{e

f'I MHTpOnOJIHT H C

6pao nccrao DOCJle HeI<OJlHKO rO,lJ,HHa, Y peM; rAe [e

nocnose n08paTHD ce, CpnCKOM QPKBOM non yrapcf(OM.

a ynpaBJbaO

1f3 f{pyUle~on . 1516 - Ilocne tberOBe CMPTH Ce,l)Jf-

o CMPTH CBOJe . X

8J1aurhy cee A '" 80:1, 110 [e H Y MaHaCTHpy OnoBy.

enHCKona vB ~I •

urre cpeMCKHX n30BaHa IlPKBeHa o6nacT nama alUIa ie, no CHOj

OBa HOBO opraa H npH3HaBaJIa je caao BPXOBHY B1IaCT Qa-

nycaMOCTaJlHa

npHJJHQH, 110 0 xa To H3.BOp,HMO OTYA, WTO ApmHMO Heaepo-

pHrpaACKOr narpaiap . CPOII npHSHanH Hall co60Al IIYXOBHY snaCT BClTHHM Jl.3 IlH yrapcKH . KOJoa JOe C TypCKOM CHnOM YKHHYJJa calf.O-

ApXHelTHCKo(JHJe,

Oxpop,cKe n o apIII HJ'e • a ya TO HMaMO ADKaaa, }J,a cy ce

neiiCKe aTpHj ,

CraJlHOCT· pKBeHHM H BepCKHM nHTalbHMa, Y TO ,lJ,06a,

yrapcrnJ Cp6n y Ba>KH":e~o Ilaparpaay Ho ca naAoM Boerpalla

o6paliaJlH He OX~HA~JIaCT TYPCKY rrpew o je H cpep;HWTe cpnckor

1521. If Cpeaa n A cesepaaie xpajese YrapCKe, rae cy OCHoBaHe 11 npxaeaor }f{~BOTa YO :lie OUTU JJ,a je npsa nocrana y Rua08U

HOBe errapxaje. - ATTHMXHllIBapa a aa TUM y BPLUl/Y, B)'dUMY

J oaolbY saute e, .

un" eu . j"eBH nohoure DOA BJlaCT TYPCKY, rana Je

A Kap,a H TIl «pa ""' v .

If T. A· U xaa noaspruyra OXPHJJ,CKOj ApXHenHCKonHJH, P.O. uena Cpncxa . Pn . p·WUj·u xoja je y6pao nOCJJe rora 1557

THlJHO Ilehcxo] arpaja ,

06HOBJbeHa. « .

KlbUJlCCSHOCIll . Saw Y AQua K8Aa re HI

7. npocsemHQB UK BeK npOHan~CKOM WTaMoapHje 14li6., 0680-

8an~y OTnOlJeO 0 1 • H

10M HaYJ(a H BeWTHHa H T. A·, caBJIaAa~ re CpnclCH apOA _ ... _ y,ae 6op6e DO,lJ.BprHYT YTHQaJY OCTa ojy y WI C060M 1l0HeCOW AIut KIllIK yc

peJJHrHjCf(ora aanperxa caora. 3aTo cy Meljy npauMa OPHMIIJI8 • nplmana3al{ tilTaMnalba KIbHta. A npaa nperaoQH aa TOMe OOJhy a oner cy ounK KanygepH HaWK Ha aana,ltHHX KpajeBa 01- llpHe rope, }\p6aHHje, BOCHe 11 Xepu,erOBHHe.lhHX cy MaTepJfjanHHM cpeACTBBMa nOMaranu POAOlbYOHBH KHe}t(eBK H BnaCTeJIa-cpnCKa; a OHH cy H caMH Hspe8KSaJlH Y APBeTY HJlK JJeBaJlIf KB 01l0Ba cnoaa H ca !bYM. HJTaMnaJlH KJbHre. npeArOBopH H norosopn Y TUM KtLHraMa Kaayjy HaM [acno : KaKO je BeJIHKO POAoJby6Jbe 6HJJO y THx HawHX npocneTHHX pa,QHHKa.

n PBY CpOCKy wmaM.uapujy OCHOBao ie ua l.J.elllUIbY aeTcKII l<Hea 13ypalj Llpnojesuti, Y aoj je OA 1493.-1494. wTaMnaHa npDCI rraura I<tbJ.fra Ostuoux. A npaa WTaMnap Haw H OPBM P8AHHI{ Y roj WT3Mnapl1jH 6HO je KaJJy~ep MaKapujt. OH [e nccae KOHa\(He nponacra Bere 1499. ormuao y MOJuJaBcKY H TaMO HaCTaBWO urraanaa,e 6oroCJIy)t(6eHHx IObHra aa PYMYHCKY H ByrapCJ(V UpKBy, re Je AOQHuje nocrao H MHTpononHT PYMYHCICH. Mano Ka~HHje nonarao je nOllrOpH'fKH BOjBolla &xutJup BYKOBuIi Hoay JUTaMllapHjy cpncxy Y MlleU111uMa, Koja ie OA 1519, AO Kpaja XVI. B. urraanana MHore 6oroCJJY>K6eHe K!bHre Y HeKOJIMKO HaAalba.' Y6pao aa TJfM, BeliHHoM JOUJ y npso] nonoBHRH XVI. B., nOAHrHVTe cy urraanapa]s rOTORO no CBHMa KpajesHMa HaWMM. TaKO je 6H;,a no je)llta WTaMnapHja Y ropa:JtCiJu y BOCHH, Y MUllewlllU y crapo] Xepueroaaaa, y CKaOpy Y Ap6aHKjH. y rpa'ltlNu'lU HI 0 08y J1 \' PyjHY MPKWUH,oj L1PKBU H BeorpaOy y CpU BIRO Y

Kp~TKor sexa 6HJJe (1519.-]566.) Te npae WTIMDlpaJ HIW

nnax cy OHe JJ,OCTa I(QPHCTHJJe He elMO alwoj QPKBB H ro PYMYHCKOj, ByrapcKoj H PYCICOj, jep je y Py H no 0

natbe KILHra nYHHX We81leCeT rOA no 1 __

J<IbHre U3 THX HIWH mr DIU ...

HHMa aa xapTHj. no KOj

v IbIUla cpDeKO-ClJO.'I~e.:H,

~Ke WKOJie, 'IHj Y 111&1111 ...

CHSa'lH.a 81 :lilA C41'ICILH.

4

M.rre"HMa o,lt 1536.--] 538., HflJJaae ce H CJlY1I<6e na II

III raMllaHOM Y HaWHX - OCHM ApCeH.HjeB3 ...

H TUX CBfTffTeJb8 . . .

JJI xoa aMnapHja RajsHaTH.HJe 1e o6eJ1eHqe OBora neplfOAa

nope.ll urr

eae Hap01JH,e KlhlDKeBHOCTH y neCMR H npft'lH .... OJ.e

. aaBJfT3J< yeM ./"1 1 n.

J8K p H onesawe CJIaBHY H Ty>t<Hy npolJJ. J10CT HaUJy. y 1'1

Hi) M JlCnpHlfawe

OCT ywno je MHoro MOTHBa H3 DHC3Hf QPKBelfe 1e}f,1I.

YCMeHY KIbH>KeBH .

3 ce nope~ HajcTapHjlfX MHTOJJOWKHX necaxa It npIIlJa

meBHOCTH. aTO , ,

60)f{He xpaurnaacce neexe H npase y Hapo.z.HOM. jealf1<V

H3JJaae H no. 3,

. .. eaa anOEq1HfjlHOJ KJb}'f)l{eBHOCTH H arHorpa4JClClfM COlt.

xore Se1iHHOM np fA X

.J'y "YLUeBHa crarsa Boropoaaue, ncyca PItCTa Ano-

C'11Ma onHey 1"1.. • • I

C 6a cSeTHTeJba H APyro. Taaa je YWJlO y 06u'la1 H hlf~::a, X;oHorpat/lUja, xoje je 1442. yseo npBR ~ PYCltjH HaUl KaJlyJjep naxOMHje. Tyee, ynopeac C r~IfI<OM HCTOPHJOM, no l(akOBoj XpoHUIlU Haname yupaTKo H HCTopHJa npaBocnaBHHX UroBet-ta:

P B apa II Cpda no nporracra aaine AP>KaBHe caMOCTaJItfo.

yca, yr . . 1512

C'TIf. - Ilpsa XpoHorpa4JHja nOJaBJhYJe ce KOA Hac. " a rna8Hh

joj je pa3BHTaJ< TeK ':f xvrr. B.

nOMenyheMo jow, .qa cy Y DBO ,o;06a MHorH C:pCiK, l(ojR cy CnJJOM HJlB MHJJOM rrorypseaa; y TYPCKOM UapcTBy ,AO Be.1UU(ora yrJJeAa .u;OWJlH, a OC06HTO aa CYJJejMaHa CjajHor (1520.-1566.), xana je rypcxa Moli, 6a ill aacnyraxa IhHXOBHM .8 APyrHX nOTypnua, ,Il0 BPXYHI.{3 CJJaDe AOlDJla. Y TO .o;06a (XV: R XVI. D.) It jeauK cpnCKlf ca fiHP1fJlHI..lOM 6ewe auanoMOlIlcKU JeaUK H nHCMO rypceora ARopa y npenacua ca PYCHM~, Ma1japHMa, PYMYHUMa. MnelfHfiHMa If lly6pOB'laHHM3. Cprrczu JeaHK WHPHO ce Ta.o.a H no Ap6oHujU. Casyaaao ce, aa HMe, AOCTa cpnCKO-CJJOBeHCKHJ( .o.oKyMeH3r3 OIICaHI1X y KPOjH aa .o.BOPY "BYP93 Hacrpaoj-a, na '1aK H y BaJIOHM. A je,l.{aH OJ( Cpnt.;KHX KaJly~epa ycneo Je J<pajeM XV. B. Aa nOCTaHC u.apJlrpa,Qc.<H narpnjapx. To je 6HO PatjJouno I. ,/loJ( cy MOnaxy cpnCJ(OM Anuxutau, KOjH ce npOCJla8HO CHOjHM nponoBeAHHIf_ J(HM Ilapo.\\ Y npaoj nOnOO"H" XVI. H., nOenaJlH PYCK csora nOCJIa HHKa "faK Y CPOHjy, Ita HM aanaure noxsane CBeTHTeJbHMa K rateey •••

A.,IM, nopen caera nanpeaaaa HaWKX POAOJby6HBHX DPt411t aBO ie aaucra 611JJO HajTY>KHHje Aot1a aaure npOIUBO ,. bCMO HMa.)H HM nOJIHTH'JSCe HH llPJ(BeHe CIMOCTIJJHOCfH, rape npoceere fOTOBO caCBHM otJyc HIIIIIDIJII. Q o.alUheHa KfttH)f(eBHHX npH" 1yp

!:y OpBJ! nperaoua If HajaHaTHHjH npeACTaaHMlUI It oner ()~1H KanyfjepH H coeWTeHHQH, xao BelllpaHult, ,!J,P:JICuli u JtPyrH.

v. OOHOBJheaa DetacRa DaTIIRJapmBja. ( 1557.-1766.).

1. iJ,pKBeH.O OCJlo6o,&eHJe .. - l{aAa ce Cp6H no MaJIo npH()palUe {),D; OtfIfX rOJIeMHX HeBOJba, KOJe HX CHa~owe nOCJle nana AP)I(aBHe If IlPI<BeHe caMOCTaJlHOCTH, nOt{ewe nOJlaraHO Aa pa,a;e npao aa IlPKoeHOM, a aa TUM H na nOJlHTH'IKOM OCJl06oijefbY CBOMe. Y paAY aa lU'KBeHOM OCJIo60gefbY npY)I(HJla ce HaWHM npeTl\HMa jeAHa apno sroaua npliJUfKa nOt{eTKOM npyre nOJlOBHHe XVI. B. TaAa je nOTypr.reHH CpO"H Xepueroaau MexJHed COKOllOBU#i, nOTOfbR HajCJJaBHHjJ.1 BenfffOf sesap TYPCl<or uapa CYJlejMaHa Cjajl'lOr Beh Y BeJJlIKOM yrJIeAY If nOJlO}Kajy 080 ... fbera cy TypqH H3 Ma~acTHPa MliJIeWeBa, ca rpotia CD. Case, rAe Ie KfbHry KOA crpaua Y'IHO rrpHnHKoM KynJbefba cpncxe .u.eqe aa jaHH'Iape, OABeJJH y QapHrpaA II nOTYP'uflIH. Ty je OR np~pOAHHM Aa~OBHMa, Te ria)l(JbHBowhy Ii BpeAHohoA~, rtocrarao HaJBelie AOCTOJaHCT~O y TYPCt<oj IlapeBMHH, anI'! HHRaA HHje 3a6opa8HO csoja cpnceo nopeKJIO, HHTH Ji3ry6lto Jby6aB' npeMa POAY CHOMe H npaBocnaBJby. CTora je Beii~ aa aeaapcrna caora lfHHHO MHora Ao6pa He caao 'IJIaHODHMa nopo.D,"~e -caoje, KOjH OCTa,lJ.Owe y npaBJQJlaBIbY, Hero H qenoj CpnCKoj l..{Pl<8H. A aaiaehe Ao6po aa caa CpnCICH HapoA rAe rOA ra HMa Y ... HHKO je MeXMe,lJ. THMe, lUTO je CBojHM YTHl(ajeM oMoryhKo, A. ce nOBpaTI1 CaMOCTaJlHOCT CpnCKoj [(pICBH H otSaoBH neliCK8 na ..

rpaiapunrja. .

MexMe~a je aa TO BenHKO AeJJO, no caoJ npHnlll(H. nOACTa tberOB 6paT Kany~ep MaKapHje, KOj. je y n OJ

6uo urYMaH MaHacTHpa XHJlIHA H

MaKapHjeBa HSpa,ltHo je M M A

lbeHHM MaHac.THpHM He •• " •••

aa wTHTy cpacrce 81AY*

enaxHja. A 1557.R14 J

nettcK. naTD:II •• , .. ~. /.lOB - ~_.Jdl: .....

86

17

- w XpBaTCKY ca CrraHoHHjoM III CpeP40M

6 naTaJia JOW I

MauHjOM, 0 yx fia'lKOM '" BapalbOM CHe AO BHlUe By-

EaHaTOM,

Te YrapCKY ca T MYllPHM H pOAOJby6HBHM paAOM Y'fIlHHlUe

AliMa 11 Apa,lla. - 8M cy raaa rrpaa nYT eBB CpCilt AOWJlH y

6paiiB COKOJI. o BIt1i H, na a3J·e,fJ.HHQY xoia ie CTeMa HeHa"epHHJ(

HO·upKBeHY I n

jeAHY Hapo.ll . aa o'lyoalbe H npourapeu-e paBOCJJaBJha, Hero

aaClIyra He caMO . 'afbe cpncxe H3LtHOHaJlHe CBeCTlf.

Ihe If paSBB] .

H sa o~p>f<a. MaKapHje CXBaTHO je O,llMax CBOlY p,.Y}f(HOCT KaJ(Q

naTplljapX 6aBJbY H na>KIbOM npacrynao re ypeljuBalby

ajoelioM lbY

B3Jba Jt c H _ 06H0880 je nehcxa MaHaCTHp H nOARrao

CpnCKe UpI<oe. • OCTaBHO Y l:bHX Cp6e enHCI(One; a Y HeTO

apXHJe, re n .

onyCTeJle en . H HeKOJlHKO MORUX enapxaja HapO'fHTO no Yrap-

BpeMe oeHooao Je 3 CTeJlH nOp06JbeHH H nOnaJbeHH MaHacnfp" CKOj If CnaaoHKjH. anYnH3aT~ H nyHHTH K3nyljep'HMa. no qeJJOM

us nenena .... 6

nO'iewe ce SacTpyjao je T3,1la HOBH iKH80T H AO 110 non era ...

CpnCKOM HapO)lYU OBaJ(O neno If nocra apso Morna ypeAHTH A .Ita je CpnCKa P6KBa CBOJ'e MHoro je ,llOIJpHHenO If TO, WTO je

HJ'e rrorpe e· ) .

cse rJlaBH MaJ<apHjeBe (1574. sa naTpHjapxa cpn-

nOCJIe CMPTH .'

MexMea HOD"a csora Asmuua, a Ka,lJ,a Je It osa]

aeRO npao CH . ~ .

cxor DOCT repaCUMQ Ya TO je tberOB Tpelilt CI{-

yror CHHOBna . •

Y.MPO ~p Mycwa,pa COKOJlOBUh, 6110 npso ynpaBfHik

HOB3Q, nOTyp'IeHH . nauia oocaHcKH It aajnocne 0,1\ 1566. nawa

BalJKIf aa THM "=

xepuerc '. MHorO aurao ua PYKy ypelJHBalbY If paa-

6y,zUfMCKH; na Je H~: oam Y TMM KpajeBHMa J(OjH cY ,Q.OTne BHjaHl. y Cpncxe UPK~WI' H Hajnocne MexMeA je HapaAl{o I{ ro,

. 6' ype~eH H u ...

aarcaa IfJe Ii . narpniapxy nonaprao Ii cue PHMoKaTonHKe

.Ita je cynras De ~KOM a HaWHX 8eM3Jba lI.a UX raxo 60Jbe O'tYBa

aJ1..HHM KpaJeBHM .,

no nan . . . H eBeHTyanHo Jl3KWe o6paTH y npa-

oAHoeTH cpncKoJ .

y Hap . AOHeKJJe nouino aa PYKOM. A naTpHJapcH

BOCJJaH1be, lUT~ JepBMoKaromu.{HMa oABHwe saaopao «Seno caao

HalIIK, Aa He If ewe OJ{ raaa csoiy naTpHjapwHjy HaaRBaTH HMe cpncxo, nOIf _ Ya TO je MeXMeA J 574. ycneo, Aa H aa oxcAoseHo-cPllCKOM .•. na "OCTaBH CpCiHHa, TaKolje caora po~aKat

PH,l{CKOr apxaenaceo J j

~ aa HeKO apeae oAyaMe rpQRMa BJlaCT Y TO CTIPO

H THMe uap .

CJlOBeHcICoj apxHenHcKonHJH.

2 Pao 'IlIlrIlpujapQxa u elluc/CoaQ HQ "DAIllaU

tJ# ICaAa cy POAOJby6HBH npeA T 18 ".l

......... y y AOCJa

f}OKOJlelba uacy aaana ~3 OHe roneMe repere, kOje cy .. aKOB. npeTUH nOJlH~CHJlH y CBO)IIM AP>KaBaMa j a TepeT PODCT8a TYPCKora Quoao Je CBe Te)f<H ~ HeCHOCHHjB, na caCBUM DPHPO~HO H 'fe}f{lba 38 r.; CJl060)1.0M cse Ja'fa... 11 TaKO OPBR YCTaHaK 6YICHY Y 6aHamy 1:)94'1 nOA BOijCTBOM 6aHa Case TaM.UUlBap'lQ H BPW8'1 Hor cpncxor enHCKona Teoaopa. Ha aacTaBaMa CBojHM HOCRJla cy YCTamUlJi 11111< ~B. Ca.Be H aeno cy Hanpe,ll;OBaJlH. AnM CRJIH" TyPIJ.H, npen KOJHMa Je rana "IMTaBa EBpona CTpenuna, nocae treKomiKO MecellH caSJI3Aawe YCTaHaK ocaMJheHHX Cp6a 6aHaTCKHX, a BJTa,ll~Ky YXBaTHUJe If »CUBa ra op,epawe. - TaAa je MHoro Cp6a npederzro H3 Banara y Ep~eJb ... Mano AO~HHje 6YKHYO [e HOB yCTaHaK OKO Ilehu, nOA JJ.YXOBHHM BOIjCTBoM naTpHjapxa jOSQHa . a J 597. nop;If)l<e 3HaMeHHTH eoiaoaa rpdaH YCTaHal< y Xep~ uetoeunu. Ho TYPLtH If re YCTaHl(e yrywHwe y CpnCKoj KPBH, jep Hlf OTKYA He 6H nOMOliH) a Cp6H He 6exy H8TH AO(Spo ypetjeHH, HHTH .n;oopo Haopy»<aHIf... - MeljYTHM y nojeABHHM KpajeBBMa liallHiM. H J,J,a.1be cy AHaamf YCTaH~H, re je Y jeAHoM TaKOBOM ycraaxy, nOlJeTKOM .XVlI. B., yqeCTDoBao If MHTpOnOJlMT xepuerOB3'iKH Bucaupou ca PO.u,OJby6HBHM ropCKHM xajAYltH.Ma.

Y canno] Teml-bU .Aa OCJIo60A~ HapOA OJ{ Typaxa naTpHjapcH 11 erJJiC~OIJ" HalUR CTaJaJIH cy rOT080 CTOl'RHy rOARHa y npHja reJbCf(oJ aesa If JJ.onHCIIBafby C PUMCKUM llQQQMIl, «OjH cy nOA cruuana aananae Bna,ll;aOl"e na KpCTaWKIt paT npOTHB Typal<a

Ami ev If T3...,a ysex '-JBPCTO ce AP)l(8JJR caora Opaa IUU

Illra sauie, npa CBHMa nperOBopHMa ca alnaAHIUl IH H<e a K

HJJaj.{aOl.\lfMa paAH OCJIo(5oljea,a, HI npaoM MeeTY T BaJlH

csesaao o6efialbe, J{a tie Til 8JJlAaOltH npaBocnUJbe WTII1'IIT. nOBpaTHTH HM cse QPKBe, MaHaCTape. Aodpa KOj

oAyaeJlH. MeIjYTHM. OA CBR 08R n 0

cy TaAa It HI aan~y n lUI

t1Kje MorlO Aa D ex

cnexa Hary(J 60beHH ~RT.

naTpJljapx OiI(lC'ircl

88

. Taso cy OHM nOCTaJJH He CaMO 8PXOBHe AYXOBlte

naTPHJapCH. 0 y HeKY PYKY H apxosae cseTOBHe CTapeWHU'

norJlaBH~e Her C H l:

' . e 6ap AOHefUre, y pnCJ<OM apOAY 3aMeHHIlJ

aponHe' H THM I e

H . _ npeMa apxaBU ItMaJHi cy OH» AY::.t<H'Ol'T na ~r CTape i}ecrtome. . . 6. . I "jj

CBoJ'e nOJlome Y AP)f(aBHY JlaraJHHUY o~pe~eHy BeJlKI(V

lfAtfHOBafbf . . . n. .

. 0 n'aJ'y nponacasn rOJ.,UfWtbH !l,aHaK ua arpHJapllJ"'J'y

csory H ya T ""

'nM CBaKe npoMeHe fia L{apCKO.M npecrony MOpaJlH cy If

A npHJHU(u ~

. ao K CBn ~p}f(aBHH 'iHHOBHI1QH, OuHaBJbaTH oepaTe

naTpHJapcH, K

• TOJ'3HCTBO H aa TO flJJa'haTH BeJIHKY raxcy, Ya TO cy Kao

Ha cBOJe )lOC .. '

PeWHHe H3pOAHe If Y CBeTOBffHM nOCJIOBHM.a, O,lJ.rOBOpHH

BpXOBHe eTa . .

61VJH CYJJTaHHMa aa sepHOCT If O!l,3HOCT CBOJliX UO)l.aHHKa.,.

Y peAOBHHM npHJlHKaM3 narpnjapxe nefiCKe (fupao ie fl60p "'HTpOnOJ1HTa enacxorra Ii HrYMaHa C HapOAHHM npBaQltMa

cpnCKKX m . . I :l. A

.Maa6paTor je cynraH 6epaT~M yrsPJ}Hsao. .a.a. ce AOCI(OlUt 3JJo-

6 Ma H Hepe~HMa KOJI1 cy OOHYHO HacraJaJJH nOCJ)e eM-pTH

ynorpe a ) ,

. VOBe HeKH naTpHjapcH HaWH JOW aa }f{HBOra CBora y

RaTpHJap." , ,

.JlOrOBOPY C l.(pKBeHHM 'I HapO,llHHM npe~cTa8HHQHMa, lfaa6paJlH

6" ce6B HaCJle.aHHKa. - Hoaa paTHHX H A~yrHX HepeJJ,oBHH.\ InTJlKa secro cy H caMH Typua, a ,a.OqHHje H LlapHrpa,a.cKH

npJuw I . '

narpHjapcH, no CBOjOj 8M" rrocraszsana Harne narpl1Japxe.

f{ao BPXOBHU lIpKBeHU cmapetuuna naraalapx je HMao HeurpaHH'IeHO npaao, .aa Y cMHcny KaHOHCKHX ~ponHca ynpas.1ha

OM CpnCKOM I.(PK80M:.ll3 nOCTaBJba u a6aqYJe MHTponoJUiTe ~ ~e.'1

enHCKORe, uansape fbHXOB paA H CYAN HM sa np~cryr:re, To ie

6J4lfHO tfUfbenO Y cnopaayxy ea CHHOAOM, aJlK nOJeJ).HHH naTpH~PCH 06a8JhaJIH cy cae TO H caMH. Ho 6HBaJJO [e H Tal(OBH}( CJlYQaje8a na cy aa enacxone nOCraBJbaHK H Ha6paHHQH caMora Hapoaa If' CBeWTeHCTsa ,l(OTHtfHe enapxHje .. , l1aMe1jy enlfCf(oni H na1'pHjapxa (ferne oAHoUlaj apao CJJHlJaH oAHowajy MlfflHCTapa npeMa BJl3AaOQY· - Ilarpajapx je caaaaao enHCKone aa caaer

y CKHOA, a no nOTpe6H B HapO~He rrpaaxe na Aor080p C .. aMa

je OAMepaBao nopea HapoAY, na ce nnara naTpHjapwHjcKH Xlpalf CYJJ1aay; C IbHMa je sesao H aaKJbylfHBao 0 CBHMa Ba)l(HHjHM IlpK8eHHM H HapOAHHM, npOCBeTHHM H ICYJJTYPHHM OOTpe(JaMI •• , Ha Tora ot.S.IJaja paSBHwe ce AOQHHje QpKseHo-HapoAHH Cad "·"""Donllja KapnoBalfKoj. - A DO WTO cy ce 1IJI1 .... IODlR ...... ... 1IM""',CII8IJIII nypnYPHHM M.CTJIJIO ,

Je "I n."jl'

3a j~ifal-be sepcxe 1\ H~pOltHe cBecTH oA OCOdHTe ie I(OPRCTII 6HO o6J1Jl.IaJ,. Aa C~MH rJaTpHJapc~, C BpeMeHa aa BpeMe, noxaijaJY ueny narpajaptusuy, re aanaae 11 Y ManeHa cena, cnY)l(e C8e'taHo apxHjepejcKo 60rocny»<e~e, lfMTajy Hapolty MOJlHTBe, Y'le ra Ii caeerviv A HapOI{ HX je aaro !l,apHBao: CTOKOM, 1.fapanaMa " Jl.pyrnj\\ 'HIM WTO je HI\\ao. I{aj.l, naTplljapclf H enKCI'On" HHe) Morn" caMR ~iHfl OHI1 cy Ta.a.a CRanK cBoje aaMeHHKe -_ eraapXl!,

DBH CY. YJeAHO KynHnK npHXOA naTpHjapawKH H apxHjepejcKH o~ Hapo,!{a.,.

CTapH narpajapca HaWK, xao H enHCKonH H KaJJy~epH tbHXOBJf, HItey "UKa.a.a jenH Meca; a H HHa'ie >KHBe.1H cy apno yMepeHO MeTO TaKO H oneno HM 6ewe apno CKPOMHO, xao H " APyrux KaJlyijepa. HH apxHjepejcKe MHTpe cae AO XVII. .8, HHC~' HoeHn" ~ a caxoce noseure HOCHTH CBH ~nHCJ(OOH Tel< y XVIII. II MeIjYTIr1M, Ka,lJ.a cy xynron HwnH lauiana cy aa KOlby, J(OjH [e 06HYHO 6oraTo yxpauiea 6'10, re cy neBHQOM AP)I(anH ya.a.HlJ,Y, a ,o,ecHIU{OM 6narOCHJLanH HapOA, KOjU je npea IbHMa aa KoneHa naaao. npeA naTpHjapxoM HOCHnH cy ljaKoHH yaex ItpCT, a )l(eaao aa fhJ1M. Y 06HlfHHM npHllHrcaMa npaTHna cy ra no nua auuuo (opymaHe cnyre}; a KaJ).a [e Y nacTHpcKY nocery aruao no aaPOllY "MaO je BeJlHKY 0PY>KaHy npaTIbY ua J<OlbHMa H neWHQC

- Hapon aaru 8aHpe,lJ.HO je aoneo caoje crap naTpMjap H C

npar:H1M CTpaxonOWT08albeM OAHOCHO ce npeaa tbHMa, HapO'lHTO C> 60]ao lhHXOBe crpaume J<JleTBe-aHaTeMe KOjy Y Ha H nOK pHe It oxopene rpeuraaxe 6auaJlH H COe'laHO no QPKBaMa npornaw.aBanH

Kao C8ClllOBHe crrzapewuHe HapO,ltHe HM.IJlH cy RClTpKJapCII K enncxona npaso, Aa cy.o.e H CBeTOBlhaQRMa He caMO y tipa recraaenrcxaa H Hac.neACTBeHHM necao .........

APyruM rpa~aHCKHM COOpOBHM H P

}f)1f"OB CYA 8pJ10 paAo, j p J

XaMe,ltOBQH, KIA C [apxos H en.CleOn

HarollH HX; r JlOlSOM H HiIllIltOI.

If tbUXOBH O,Q 06eCTH 6ea.llYWHHX 'iHIi08_

6 If saillTHTJiHU

T . no norpe 1£ HM3 npenaaaae aa qYBalbe R nOBJIaCTHl.le

. CTora cy fb t

HHJ<a H cnaXRJa. , ·nM o6nacTHMa ,l106HBaO O,lt cYJITaHa; na ie

Y nOJe,QHH n

Iloje je HapoA ajy XVIII, B. Y EcOrpa,llCROM allJa.nYKY

K If nplt KP .. 6 r '

o 'lUl-heHO 'fa onORHTD Y TO .speM.e unlt pua ...

6 paJlCKH MHTp

HaN'O cy e~f JI eDHCKoDoMa Y CBeTOBHHM cTBapHMa l\10-

naTpHJa~cMMa . PCKH cy;r y Ilaparpany; a no 3ClkOHY

Tn caMO .qa , . I

rao je CYAB oJJ,06petb3 HHKO HIIJe caeo 3aTBOPH'rl1

3Hafba II , •

6ea IbmcoBa _ Jow cy narpajapca " enltcl(onn OHJIU

cpncJ(or cBeWTeHJfKa... caaiy Cp6a KojH yMpy (lea TecTaMeH'ra

H aaKoHHTH RacneJ(HH4Jf eRO je YWJJ~ y 06uIfaj Aa CBaK" HMy1iJiHjH

a A nocren

If HafjVIe,ltHltK , "ywy caoiy aaseurra urroron nei1cl{Qj

a caMJ)T11 3a ~ _.

Cp6HH H, rHM M3HacTuplfMa, T'RMe cy na'I'pnJapclt II

narpnjapwHJH 0 .upy .itO 3HaTHor rroxperuor liMeTKa, lWj" cy It CTHpn JlO1l33HJUf

Ma a. 6 TYPUH paarpa6uJlI1.

OL{HHje 0 O'UfO . , Y

A . aoalbe neficKe Ilatapujcpuus]e. - Typ-

4 nOHOBHO upon

. .. paaa 6HJIO je YBeK caMOBOJbe, a norOTOBO y parna BpeCKOJ yn njapce H enacxona MOpaJlK, Aa OOral'HM .o.aMeHC3. Crora BCYe:a;~JJ.MHfiyjy 06JIaCHe ynpaaaase '" novre Typcke

p08(Ula 11 HO II; XTeJlH na HM apeae .o.o6HseHa npasa Y CYJITaH-

OBHHKe aKO cy . . ~.'

'fHH. , H POA Haw anao je aa TO AOuPO, rra je OOI1JIHO

CIUfM 6epaTH~a. x30BHe nornasnue .o.CHOle rOA je Morao. H neticJ(a

oxarao CBOJe JlY· 6 H' .

n . nJHLa )KOBorap"na je sa TO apexe AOCTa,lJ,D po. 0 KpajeA'

naTpHjap J e no nee CpnCKH Hapon ITa n no iberoBY

XVH. B. HaCTym~~ npnnaxe Te}f{e Hero Y speae nana ~ecnol'OQPKBY, BPTJIO rein aaparana 'TYPCKa C AycTpHjoM H TYPQH. cy

BHHf - a]J.a ce n

. nyr OnCeJIH Seq. AnH, noaony OJhaKa, 6HUJe

J 683. no ,l{pynr

. . HeKOJIHKO rOAuua, nOM oily YCTaHlfl<a, IIpOTepaHH

OJt6HJeHH H 3a . X '

rOrOBO.JiB csaiy xpajeea YrapCKe, CnaBOHJlJe H paarcse, ~ KOJKM~

OJ 50 rOJ.\oHa BJla,AanH. WTa smue, aycTpHJcKa BOJ-

ey AOTRe npeR . .

en OCBojH 6eorpaA H noaosy cpncxax xajnyxa H YCTaHHK:: KOIH

cy ce TaAa HSAaRH KOHa'fHOM ocno6o~efbY, npoape ~y(50KO Y Tapy Cp6 . 1689 a~ae H rp3AOBe ne1;, Ilpaapea H CJ(onn.e Ta- 1IW:! ~:TPBia~x nellcKH ApceHHje III. 'fpHojeBH1I (16715 IIKIO.)

.Mlrao jl Y TO Ao6a MneTKe H CMORBO ce up A ,

A ICQI je Deli nana Y PYICe AYCTp'BJaHIIIJ_.RQiIi

p eRa e T

ce 3aMep" CpoHMa H ApCiaHaCKMa, re OBH Y BU.KG nycre 60jHe pBJJ.OBe; a TYP~H (Saw T8Aa CKynBme 80.,. BOjCKY H CBOM canoa YAapRwe ua ManeRy B 8t1or BePQa -en..jeHY aycTpHjCKY BOjCKY, Te je Harno nOTHCHY H8 CTape CpGaJe Itlra BRwe, tseti lCpajeM 1690. nOH080 aaY8MY Beorp8A. AyCTpltjaxue nporepaiy npexo Caae H AYHaoa. A naTPRjapx ApeeR

c naTpHjapawKKM AparOlteHocTHMa, enacKonHM&, l<anYlJepa ... HeKonHKO .lleCeTHHa THcyJia aapona aaBpelieHa ce YMOHN C ayerpllj CKOM BOjCKOM acnpea CTpaWHe ocaere TYPcke; jep cy TyplUI 'I 6ecHHlIY . CBOMe aa pajy. I<oja ce aa Jt,HX ARrna, rp08HO ce CBeTIIJIII caaKOMe CpOHHY, I<OjH 6H HM TaAa y pyare Aooao. OCTUH Cp(iH, l{Oju HHey MorJIH HnH HHCY XTenH H36ekH, CKJlOHRwe ce Y wYMe " nnaHHHe, ,a.a 6ap )KHBOT H nH'iHy cnotioAY CallYBajy. TaAa cy onycTenu L MHorlf KpajeBH HaWH, a lIapO'IRTO OHR OKO neila R "pHapena, rne ce nOCJIe ApHaYTH HacraHHwe. MHor cpnclCa eena upxse 0 MaHacTHpH nJlaHynH cy Ta,Q,a H HWII anH y nn efty rpo3Hor fHeDa TYPcKor, JaA H HeBo~a JbYTa aaBnIAA TaAa canHO no uenoj Ilarpaiapunda nauio] ...

Ooearnaaeeao] UPKBH H HapoAY nOA TYP"RMa npRTelCAo je raJJ,a y nOMoi; [enaa PO)J.OJby6RBH CpfSRB, CBeWTeBBI( YAOBal( .. CKOnJba. -- HOBQeM je 8a)J.O()HO DeJJHKor BeaRpI • DOCTao niT aj

ua M;CTO Hs6erJlor ApceHHja III. SRO je '1'0 na p P tIJfIUfUIt I

(l691.-1710.).OH je HapoA MHoro y 0,

Aa"OMa Y caoie PYKe yseo ynpaay \';DDeiroM QI._

0.0. cetlH\JHHx YTHQaja, re je C DYfiO "I!!tOJ1aA.

lJHM npe H WTO 60Jhe DonpaB •• 80 f)HO npeTe)l(aK nocao, aJaR j8 K&lIRl!lB _ .......

"naK npHnH'I80 ycneo A -1725.) H Ap 1111) I_ ..... II ...... ~I

2

rora He 6elllc y OHO ,no6a. Crora ie Ha~OA Haw nao Y TaKO ()eAaH f(UBOT. 1\(1 je Je/U:l3 ce6e H UPKBY csoiy AP>Kao. H na He C)ellJe 113JlcWJHl' nOM.OliH 0;( aYCTpHjCK.JlX CP.6a, TeWKO JJ,a OR ce H Ta,Q,a .l/IP}f(~lla flei1cK8' n8TpHjapUH'J3, l<OJY cy OHR. ~OlllrOBaJIH «ao r JtUfHI OCT3r2JK cnase If MOj;J.{ napoaae: re cy JOJ If nopen CTpo-

ILl( ::la6p3Ha aycTplfjcr~e BJTaCrH CJIallH 60rare napoae II no QPKBaMa Cl)ujlUI. }'HCJlU sapo-nrre KYTnje sa KynJbetbe npanora Y f(OpaCT

naTpujapwHje. .

Y XVII. B. HMalHJ cy nehcxa rrarpajapca nOA CB.OjOM sna-

rutH' 01(0 40 MH1'pOnOJlHja H enaczonaja: ana aa paroaa " paceJba~afba HapO,ll3 aaurer roroso n01l0BH~a Tax enacxonaja caCBHM je nponana, Crora nocne MHpa y nO>KapeBLt~ (171 B.),kaAa ie A.ycTplfja ,IlooHJJa 11 BeJlHKH aeo Cesepxe Cptia]e, oexy caMO 22 cpncxe emtCKonHje. O~ rora je 6poja C3MO 10 AHpeKTHO nOTnaAano nOA flekcKY narpHjapIIlHjy, a 12 no~ AO~HHje HellJTO (I 726.) v.ttPY>f<eHY 6eorpaocKO-KapJlOBa'lKY Mumpollo.llujy no~ aycTpoyrapcKoM anaurhy. C fieorpaAcKHM MIfPOM 1739. rrocranonra ~YHa8 " Caoa cesepse Met_;e H3Me~y TYPcHe If Aycrpaje, rra yje,o.Ho H Jf3Me~y neHcKe OaTpHj.o.pl.UHje H KapJlOBat{He MHTpOnOJIHje. OA raA.3, na AO lCOHa1JHOr YKHAafba, HMaRa je Ilehcza narpHjapwHja

J 2 enapxnja H TO: 6 Y .n.aHauHboj Cpouju (Beorpan, Ban.eao, Haw, HOBH Ilaaap, Ilpaapeu H CKOnJbe), no 2 y ,ltaHawlDoj BYl'apcl(Oj (BycTeHJ~un If CaMoKDs) Jf BOCHU (Capajeso H 3BOPHHK), a no )' y Llpuoj Fopu (~eTHJbe) H .xeP14erOBUHu (MocTap). AlIH >KHBOT Y JDoj I')HBao je CBe TemH, [ep aa BpeMe aycTpl1jcKo-rYPcKor para ()Jl 17J7.-1739., no~ npHTHcKOM ieWKHX nPHJlH.Ka, nOAHrao Ie YCTaHaJ( H narpajapx ApceHHje TV., na je nocne neycnexa C neurro aapoaa jeaaa )f(RB H36erao nOA BJlaCT aycrpnicxy 1737.

Hoene osora TYPQH HH.CY HManH sepe Y Cplie H, y cnopa .. aYMY c qapHrpaACKKM narpsjapcaaa, caMH cy pacnoaaraa« c neilCKOM naTpHjapwHjoM KaKO cy XTenH. - 3a narpHjapxe nOCTaa .. lbUK cy seJiHHoM Fpxe, J(OjH cy HM Ao6po nnahua. A rpqH oaTpajapcR lIa.ewT~H cy If xa enscxonale Bell.HoM cBoJe CYHa POAH ICe re cy CBH aaJe,llHO HeMBnocp~HO rno(SHJlH Hapo .. CrDm:!Jla. ... .aIlllDJIH qplCle B MaHaCTlfpe Rawe; a ORAl C ,.. JIAj"'IIii. e clConRje y Qaparpa .. cKO or DaTp PXI

~H1tH1JU1 (.'j If ca CpoHMa, KOjH cy ya BeJiRlCe lKpTBe yca .

• LL I< AI DOICI'atllV

naTpMJapcH. I uHX cy OvJlarHBaJlH H y nporoHCTBO CJI

&liB, a

npeaan« HK Oil. OTpOBa caao na AO caora l{H.Jha .olj

rora, sa xparxo speae OJ). 1739.-1766. H8MeHIUIOY'" - 300r

. ' ce Ha cpa-

CI{QM narpajapauixoa n~ecToJlY Heo()H'IHO MHoro oa1'Plja axa'·

cy TaKO peliH OTHMaJlH leAaH J).pyroM MeCTO Y8 T P ,Jep

· . . 0 cY • caJlJ

narpltJapwMJY CHJIHO aaAY)I(HnH AP>KaBHoj ~Jlaral'RB"H 11ft

__.. ~ H " .. yra a.

crora HUJe lfy AD, WTD je y TaKOBHM npKnHKaMa nODe

XVIII ' "11 TKO. APyre

!lOJlOBMHe . B., yrnen neliCKHX naTpKjapaxa caee

• • \,; 11M. nao, a y

[l.aipHJapWlljK aaananao ~)I(aCaH HepeA, re je C'I'alhe CTape CpnCKe

Upl{Be nOCTaJIO He caMO jaAHO, Hero H o'lajHo.

5. CPUCKU ceemutaena. - Y apeae o(SHaBA n ....

· . aa e~~

~aTP"japW"Je K KpBaBHx YCTaHaKa sa cnO(SOAY CkO'lHml [e aeo-

tHf'-iHO BueOKO ~epcKa, a. C lbOM H TeCHO CICOn'l&Ha HaQHONaJiSa CBeCT cpnc ... a; jep WTO re Te)t(HM nocrajao )l(RBOT nOA TYPQRMa, cue ie MI1.JJltja 6HBana ycnoaeua ua C1'apa )l(R80T noll. HapOlK". HJlaAaou,uMa. CTor~ O)l(HBeUJe crape H nOHHKowe MHore aoee HapOAHe necxe, Y KOJHMa ce cnase H BenH'Iajy nO()O)l(H8 H jYHa'iKa

tena naurax CTapHX 8JlaA.aJI~l.la. anacrene H npBocseWTeHHKa. A uaponaa Ilpxua aaura, I<OJa Je ~8eK npeAfba'lHJJa HapoAY Y CRMMa pOJJ,olby6HBHM AeJIHMa, 'fHHana re TO BCTO KI cloj 'I H - R [e, ua HMe, ua CBe'faHOM 6oroc.nY)I(eJbY, y nee M csoias, H caaa no-rena ja'le Aa npoea .1 OB lUI

XHemiCfmne uaure, KOjH ce 8HAHO HeT I( W nQGo' ...... '- ..

III pOnnJhy6H811M pa.D,OM cBOjMM To e OD npBIIIX J1enux liaAa aa CJlO('jOAO ,

Jbasatba HapOAa H W R

XVII. H .• II .~YJJ.po, WTO lewtu1M M

awe KpBH. Meljy IbHMa cnaaa OHa~ 1. uapa (YpoUla

o cUeTJ1TfJba H n)

(Il BOBeHIJaHOra MHlIYTHHa H HelfaHCKora, I. Be/l

V.) 3 KP'OHlbO LLYP) 2 sell. KH~8a OOBaHa B.Jla.lJ.HM. Kpa. .. 3eTclwr ~

.ll'JmaHo eMa.... I (C m. H

. f{ "OB'CKora My1.feHHKa), 3 oecaoUIa Te't"aHa oaor H

Jlaaapa - DC '

"1:! ,"=a - fma~HKy MaKcKMa, K, Ioeaua 8'8 nne-

CIIHOBe My r.JOP'J , . A 1j .) 1 ,"

MeMa 6paHKoBnna), l.oectIomuqy ~MaJKY(J H.~~lYI' J" BOjBOiJy

" ill JbaHOBHfia) 2 uaiapujapxa 3HnnBJa. H etPpeMa)

(CTJenaHa Kif , C II J . •

a (Casy J ApceHHja I., aBY ., eacTaTHJa 1., Hq-

6 apxueuucKou., .

r RaHHJla II) 3 BJraDuKe (J'paropaia H3 MaHaCT. I<y-

KO,nHMa . If 11 . , u

peua JlHAIY BacHJlHja Ocrponncora -JYAOTHoPQa II neTpa

MaHIIIle H3 . 4rJ ,

I UeTJffbCf{Ora), 5 ayccaU1baKa H ucaOCHUKQ Beli:UHO.IH aeMlbedellaqa

(npoxopa n'lHIbCKOr, faepuna JlecHoBcKor. H J03KHMa CaP.3HAarropcxor HJIlf Ocoroacxor 113 HCTOtfHHX zpajesa JY>KHe Cp()uJe XI. If Xu. B. re Ilerpa f{0pHwKora H3 ropa npH3peHCKHX XIII.-XIV. B. n ]aHlfiutja Ita nnaHOHe ,/leBHlJ ceaepao OJ{ neliH 03 XV. B.); ITa uajnocne H 1. SOHoaLllUjy (1;,opt;a Kparoaua HS XVI. B.).

O,n CSHX THX CBeTIfTeJha ,l(aHaC ce ITO QeJIOMe Cp [leTDY HajHHlue cnase CB. Caea H CD. Knee J/OiJOp. -- Ca, Caaa xao npsa npocaerarers CPrICK" CMaTpaH je YBeK aallJ~HTHHKOM cpnCKe npocaere : a.rm rex OA nOlJeTK3 XIX. D., xaaa ie Y Cpncrny npOCDeTa .'106JfJl3 HOB K CHa>KaH noner, ornoseno je HapOlJHTO CBe'faHO npocnaazsajse Ce. Case no CBHMa CpnCI<HM UJKOJ1aMa If .o.pyrHM npOCBeTHHM YCTaHOBaMa "HaWHM. MeljYTHM JIaaapeBO CBeTO TeJJO 611110 je acnpsa caxpaaeao sa KOCOBY Y fpaqaHHqK I.{PKBIf, 3aJlY}l(6HHlf l(paJba MnJlYTHHa; na je DOCJle 2 rOAHHe (1391.) Hajc8e'laHHje npeneureuo y a3AYiK6HHY JIaaapeBY, MaHacTHp PaBaHJfl(U y Pecaaa A AaH3C nOLHfBa OHO y tjJpywl(OrOpCKoM MaHa-

• .''fHPY BpJ~IiHl(Yf KOjU ce 300r ~ora aoae If PaBaHH14a. Taao cy fa npeue IH KanyijepH, KOjH cy 1690. C lJaTpHjapxoM lfpHojeBHlieM noeerna npen Typ~H.\la. - a BHAOBY AaHY caaxe rO~HHe CJJt\Ke le hJfHOTY' JJaaape8Y y BpAHHKY MHoro6pojaH HapOA H8 CBHjy

pncKHX xpaieea, Aa ce nOKJlOHH H nOMOJlH KHeay MY'IeHHKY, re HaY>KHS8 Y nenoae xpajy aapoaaora CnaBJba, Koje Y HOBBJe BPeMe "P8waBajy CBojRM cneroaaaa H CpnCKH COROJIH U8 paaHHX Kpaj

yo ••

a, rJJ.e HM caere MO oJ rOpy, CJIaBH

P0JJ.KUa necnora CTe~aHa Cnenor-HOBor. tbHxoBa C8eTa re C1&

no .

}KaJTa cy Y TOM MaHaCTHPY, IbHXOBO] 88Q)I«)RIUI, ese AO 1716

ne T' J

re rOADHe cnanaiue UX YPQH Sa]eAHO C MaHaCTRpoM. Ha 8ra-

:IfWTY y neneny HaljeHH CY. AOQHHje nojeARHH OCTa~R Oll CBeTHX reJJeca, re ce H J),aHac '1YBalY Y 06HOBJLeHOM KpYWeAOJlY. Y .aHacTHPY WHwaTOBQY HaJlaSH ce qenol(ynHo Teno Ce, CTjenaHa WKWbaHoBa1ia ; a OH ce cnaaa HapOlfHTO jow B Y Sapa •• KOA illulVlywa ua MeCTY 'BYHTHPY, rae cy TYPQH HarunH lberOBO reao Ka,[J, je o6jaBJbeHO sa CBeTHTeJLCKO. Y QPHOj rop., Ap6altHja, 60UK KOTOPCKOj H Xep~erOBHHIf HapO'lHTO CJJaBe CB. BacHnRja OCTpOWKora, enacxona TpeCiHIbCKora H HHKwHilcKora (t 1671.) H neTpa I. MHTpOnOJIHTa u.eTHIbCKora (1830.). Y neilH caaae CB. A pceanie I. H J),pyre apxaenxcxone H naTpajapxe, a y Ae'laHHMa CB. CTecpaHa /.leqaHCI(Ora; AOI( no u.enoj Crapo] Cp«SajR OCOC\HTO enaae CB. jaHHHHja H3 MaHacTllpa lleBH'Ia, KOMe AOJlaae He caao CPOlll Hero H MHorH Ap6aHaCH Myxa~eAOBClee H pHMOKaTOJlH'IKe sepe Tpa)l(ei=iH onaxuraue H JleKa CBOlH. AyweBHHM H TeneCKHM 60Jb~TlU~aMa. Y MaH. CTYAeHHI.{H opocnaBlhajy ce HapO'lHTO CB CHM.eyH MHPOTO'lHBH H CHH My CB. CHMOR MOHax (npBOBeH'IaHH KpaJh); a y 8yrapcICoj y Co4»HjH DOWTyjy .HOro H CJlaBe Hawer xpan-a CB. MHJlYTHHa. Hainocne, CBeTe Mok BUHKora Ie eu 3eTCKor joaaaa BJlaAHMHpa HaJJale ce y (ap6aHalllKH WHH-gOR) KOA EntSacaHI Y cnase H Rao aaWTHTHHKa Apa'll, Y rp rcoJ je aa npeBapH MY'IKH y6HO, OKO 1016. lllypaK MaileAoHcKH BJlQlJla1\ BnIAllCJI HHK [epeca tSoroMORCKe • P,ca

Ce. KuupUjQHQ 0 on '. __

Aowao (t 14(6); nycTHa.aKI H Otlllllillll ......

06ja 68qHBje

, naTpHjapx nefiCKH najcHje JatbCBall (t 1647) a B .

l~apa ) porna . -b T . · OJ ...

o CTjenaHa lliKJfJh3HOBBii, xora Haljowe YP~H II 06jaBHlUe, f1PH~

H )lY r pOfn3cliwe aa cBeTHTelb. a KanYgepH fjJPYllucoropCkor Lla

BaTII we Jf ru .. "I _

lliulliaroBUa KOjH np.n6aBHwe If nOTBpJl.Y sa TO OJ), ~apHrp'

H3CTHpa . . ~A-

'apva Ka.o; ce nojaSHJIa CYMfba Y CBeTlfTeJbCTBO CTjenaHoB

CKOf na rpajapx 1 o,

06jaBJbeHOAI CBeTHTelbY nacana cy )IU1BOTOnltc ncnY}f(oy,

yaop y CJ1ym6e rp'lKH.M CBeTHTeJbHMa. BeHHHY en 061f1fHO rIO . y_

>K~H H HeKOllHKO )f(HBOTOlllfca cpncxax CBeTHre1ba caopao ie

arrHKa Caaecafe )f{HB3H08HH II 1761. illTaMnao y PIiMHH

apafJ.CI<H BJI ,... . I<y

B oJ"oJ'ep MH rana HIICMO H.MaRl{ HH Je,n.He lUTaMnapHje CBOJ'

Y naurx , H' e.

T FblJfa aose ce Cp6JbQK, a UpKBeHo- apoAHH Caoop HaUl Y

C:e~. KapJlOBI1HMa 3af<JhYQHO je 1769., na ce no TOj f<H,Ha'f ItMajy cny)KBTlI CJly}K6e CBMMa AO rana npornaureuaa cBeTHTeJhHM:R Cpryw

op,pe/I.HBWH yjep;Ho, ].ta ce 3D, aBrYCTa npoCJlaBJbajy Hapo-

CKlflrl, , C

QHTO 'CBIf Cp6H CBeTHTeJI;.H 3aJe.o.HOJ non HMeHOM aoop CpacKux

CBeruuwelbo. AJJN aycrpajcxe .ltP)I(aBHe BJIaCTH ytJpao cy TO aaopa-

P H JJ.orrYCTIHue caao, Aa ce CB, Casa CJIaBH xao 3aWl'HTHHk'

HHJJ"" , 176

Cp6a. OCHM nOMeHYTor Cp6JbaKa urraxnaa je 5. APyrH y PYClljH,

a 1861. WTaMIlao je 6eorpaJ],CJOf MHTpOnOJUfT MHxaHlIO Tpeiuf, 3HaTHO nonY.fheKH, Cp6JbaK. - MHTpOnOJlHT MHxaHJlo Hal1Hcao je 1893. r. If cnY}l(t5y CB. Ilerpy l..{eTHfbcKOM (t 1830.), rOM HaJHOBK-

jeM CBeTHTeJbY HaweM, ,

6, Ilpsa Cpuc«a Ilpssa y XpBQfIlCf(Oj. - Bef OA nOJIOBHae

XV. B., a HapoliHTo nocne 6HTKe aa MoxalfKoM nOJby 1526. It nana JIKKe .H J{p6aBe OOA Typxe t 528., nOLfeJJO Ie HCeJbaBatbe MHorsrx Cp6a, TYPCKlfX KpajHIUHlu<a y CJl060,D;He KpajeBe XpBaTcxe a no MaJIO " y t{patbCKY H Ilfrajepcxy. Ilpae 3HaTH"je ceot)e

' .

!Sexy 1530. Ii 1538. ua CpoHje, Bocae H XepL4eroBHHe H I..(PHe

rope y KpafbCf{Y n )f{YM6epaK, A raasae ceooe 3tiHne cy ce rek ICpajeM XVI. H Y n01.feTKY XVII. B, H3 CnaBoHHje, Bocae XepQeroBHHe H Crape Cp6Hje, nOCJJe OHHX Heycne"lHXYCTaHaKa, - TN Cp6H HacraHHUle ce OKO OrYJlHHa, l1uaHHiia, KpHiKeBatta H KOJlPH8HHlle KIO rJJaBHHX rpasosa aa KpajHHH npeaa TYPQHM8. OHR cy 06 'fRO sell ope npenaaa ClCnanaJIH yroaope ca aycrpHjCKtM 80jKH DoaellllllUlMa: aa fie Bas,qa OCTaTH BOjHHQH H. ~ 1 cn060J(HH 68TH O,ll cnaxHja H Aa lie HeCMeT H

_If IIJDIIOCJIIRHY 8epy. TNM Cp6K a H 8IeltCT ......

'fHM KpajesHMa nonurna je AYCTPHja cBoja ABa H • •

I U • aJ8HaTHliJa Kpa_

jl!lUTCa 13eHepaJlarna ~ - napnoBaflKu if BapaXiJuHclCU A

X . sa see-

IJI1CaHe aacnyre cpncxe no pBarcKV H fJ.OM aYCT .

H \ uapean n H3pOLfHTe nOBlIaCTlf[,{e .~.. PHlCJ<H, JUUloUJe

Hacenasum ce y Xp!13TCKOj CPOM cy onMax n

1'1 PHCTymllIH II

~BOMC u.pUBeHOl\\ ypeljetby. - Ilpao cy nOAHrnH MaHaCTHp Reaa-

RUHY. aenanexo OA 1{pH>KeBu.a, a 3aTH." MaHaCT"p Map

3 J • fly He-

naJleKO oa arpeoa, aa JYfOliCTOK) Y Bapa)f(D."HCI(OM TeH ~, ~ epanaTy II MaHa~Tl1p TOl"wPJe ceuepao OJ{ OrynHHa y l{apJlOBa'iI('M r.,e-

HepaJlary. To cy OHJla rnasua upxseaa It npocBeTHa cpeAHluTa tbIfXOHa. MaHacTl1p Maptta nocrane O,IJ.Ma, nO'IeTKOM XVII" ceAIftll1'e HOBOOCHOBaHe YCKollKe EuuClcoauje, xoia ie 06yxBaTaJia cue npa~OCJl3F.me ~p6e no XpHaTcKoj, I{palbcKoj. WTajepCKoj K 3an3JlliOJ Y rapcxoj, Y I(OmtKo cy ~OTnaAaJlII noa anacr aycTpHjCKY MapLfaHcKe BJlaJJ.HKe t)Hpao Je "COpBa caM HapOA a nOC8ehRoao IJX neticKH narpajapx Ha "Me BpemaHujclCUX. UJ1aD,Hf(a. H nu CT3PJ1M aaKOHHMa y Xpsarceo] HHje t.:MeJlO 6HTH II" jeD,H APyre sepe OCWM PnMOKaTOJIHlfKe. 11 3arpe6a'l~H 6HcKynH, kojHMa cy ope ryp Kif X npouana npHnaJlaJ1a C8a OHa Ao(Spa Ha I(oja ce CPOIf OKO Mapqe Ha.CTaHHwe. 3aXTeaaxy OJ!, Map'IaHCkor ena KOna .na ce oapesne nehcxor naTpHjapxa H "pH8Ha nany sa lip 08HO~

upxaeaor nor J13BHI\Y, - na npacryna AaKJI HajU a PH

H C"JIOM OJ{OJItIOCl'H CDM cpnces ena ICOn A npBora CUMtoH

( 1609, 1630.), ~OpMaJIH npH3HaBaxy n ny 8 anN

nyro H ~ xreuoure 'JApe1;H HH cseae c Ile ICO n J1 HajMa.loc Y lfCMY 0AcTynHTH oA npaB CJI R Aflluao aa IwaJlHKy naBlle Bop.,u" (1671

CIlIITaff KOJJ, jeaYHTa Y Son H P

ym'jy Cpl)a y Xpaarc« J, japtu Hj 1M; j P Y rpKj Y cso] pyre "

OA T8A

9

. sa yHlljy na ce HajO,lJ.Jl YlfHHje 01111-

HH na qYJe , M

Huje xreo e CHJ10M ~a cnposeny. aoru QP8al.\H

jep OH . BJlaCTH XTeJl ...

Kall cy Je TeHull.U KHemeBlf H 0't".HCHpn CPOCKIf,

pao 61JBO caeiu no , •

OnHli; pOjlOJbY aaaucxa H rOMHpCKH, KPBJhy. P0611]OM

Hap I" "'epu lIen - "- Ft.

PotjHTO KaJly~ 6 . 6 OJ'HllM >KpTBaMa OJI. aaana cy Oupaliy

a H8 yrHM ea P . .'. . .

aJlujaTl\a H p,p . M HapO.ll. Hall y l'HM HaJHSnOi:l(eFH1JhM

H(I r. Tit CBOJe... .

' e n H8POp,HOC .;rJb8 osysao je AD naaac HeTaKHYTy

Be P CBIIX saca ,

J'eBIfMa nopea . pyra o6eJ1e>Kja cpncxa : naKO My 1753

xpa • . AIHora ,lJ. •

py H,'rle, JeauK H e Mapqy xoja 3a TIIM (ipso caCBHM

Me , M OJl,yaeLU. J n

PViHaHOM. CDJlO . H'iaHCT80 na ra Jl,eJI0M ca aKpalJKIIM

o . HHYille BJIaA . 1771 3

Olla,lle Ii yK BnanJ.f1faHC'I'BOM CIlOJHwe . . _ a

np , Il WqaHCKHM ""

• .IleJlOhl ca )]8 Y TOMe xpajy, nopea MHorux APyntx,

CCtpacTBO If npaBoCnaBJbe... rrpora Husona nouoBuli us BenhKe

re CTeKowe ~

l1r\pJle aaCJJY . MuxauJlo 6apYH MUKaWUHOBUn H3 cena

nHell)caHHlle II 4Je.np,Maplllan ne DHn cy y XVI fl. B., rOTOBo nona

l{onpHBHHUj •

flJIaOWUH311a KOA HQH QpKBe H aapona, Te HeyeTpawHBn

a 6JIJlH rJlaBHH 3allJTBTH .Y

Bel< , . H HapO,lJ.HOCT CBO] . C

6opU:H 33 sepy OTpaJ'He 6op6e IlpaBocnaBlie pncJ<e

·eWKe Ii p'yr

3a OBe T.. cy p'p)f(aBHe BJlaCTB, na ouene O,A

X aTCKOJ ycnene

Tlpl\'se Y pa . .MaJTeHU neo naurera napoaa, - oMy

L-\ caao Jep,aH . ... ~

npaI:lOCJ)3BJha . y }J(YMtiep"y. Ila H TO ]e oano CH-

oasy na rpaHHIlH KPaIbC~O!H ljeHepan rpocjl Iletuauu npOCTO "ie

nOM H npeBapOM. AyCTPHJC H nporepao H3 }f(YMi5epKa eBe npa-

apo,l{ HaMyqHO •

o6eafJlaBHO H, HaMeTHYO YHHjaTcKe, KOjH nonaraHO

""BelllTeHHKe, re XVIII ,.I

BOCJlaBHe I; . OKDM APyre nOJIOBHHe . B. 1'.

npese,nowe HapoA Y YHIIJY :BHa nacraa YHHjaTcKe /(pUJlCeeU'lKe

H cy naaac fJl . M

)l{yM.6epIf3H .. . 1777 CTaHOBJbeHa aa MeCTO aplfaHCKora

£UcKyauje, KOJa_Je To 8JI~A~'1aHCTBO HMa naaac OKO 50.000 AYwa,

BnaAHlJ3HC~Ba. JO 000 cpncxora nopexna ; ocrano cy Py_

. je caxo . r..· B ,.

Oil 1<0J"" no Xpaarcxoj, \.-'la80HHJH, H a'lKO,.

. . ce HaCTaHHwe

CHHH, 1<0jH enHBWH ce OA Ilpaaocnaaaa, roreae A Cp6a )l{YM6e~~aHH, °H~CT. xao WTO cy je aalidpaBRJlH H CpGI

we CBOJY KapOA , K ~ j

aa6opa8H CelbcKoM npHMopjy. )JHIlH, PUIIO H T. ,11.,

KpMnoTe H APyrH6Y a Y MafbHM rpynaaa HnH nojeAHHalJKH up

. pa8HHx 0 aHp . C ~ It

KOJ8 H8 T80 npHnHlfaH 6poJ puB Haryu. 0

PHMOI(8TOnHW . J

we • r' "OBeHIlHMa y KpalhCKO H

H8WO v. DDIIIIIM.I.

_.111 DI 0 Rxoaa 'IHCTO cpo

paA no CBRMa cpncKHM KpajeBHMa. npH TOM cy joj MHoro no araJIe KOJloHuje Ay6poBa'lKHX TproBaQa no CBHMa BeliR. rp8AOBIIM. HiUlJHM. thRMa cy OC>aBJhanH 6orocnY)l(elba <IlpalbeBQR, KOjH cy OHJJ.a noxynraaana H nponaraH,lly Meijy OKOJlHHM npaBOCJJaBHHM CpOHMa. OTBapaJlH cy paJlH rora WKone, AaBanH nOKJlOHe R T. A'J ,VHt HlICY uMall.H rOTOBO HHKaKOBora ycnexa. HnaK cy nane OA noxerxa XVI. B. CTanHO IIMeHoBane HacnOBHe 6HcKyne npso aa 6eorpaA, a .l{OQHKje 1-1 .sa npH3peH H CMeAepeBo... A OIl Kpaja rora aexa, I\aJl,a Cpou 06HOBHwe caMOCTaJiHOCT caoje QpKBe M nekCKK naTpHjapcH nocTa,o;Olue HeKa apcra CBeTOBHHX rocnoaapa, Te noxeure HacTojaTJI JJ.a cao] HapO]l H nOJlHTH1fKH oCJIo6oAe, _ H8CTYOJIUle HOBH OAHowajH M3Meby Cpt5a H nana. Taaa cy npUH nyr nOlJt!JUf rrperOBopH 33 cje]lHlbetbe QPKaBa ca npe]lCTaBHHQHMI Cnncxe QpJ<Be J.f TpajaJIH cy rOTOBO 'IHTaB XVII. B.

Ilpa nperOBOPIfMa ca aanallHHM BJla,ltaoqHMa H nanaMa, paAIC YCl'aHKa .. ocno60~efba, "ManK cy npeACTaBHIIQ,H Cpncee QpKBe H Hapo,o;a 3a nOBepeHKKe BehHHOM PHMOKaTOnH'IKe Kany~epe ca Ianpaucxor Ilpaaopja, A OBH cy XTenH na ce AOA8ope H npenopyse rranaMa, re cy HaroBapanH Cpee, Aa TpaHCehH no"oli a oc.no6oljetbe, o6eliaBajy nana H cjeJUIH,elbe C PHMCROM QPICBOM. npBH nVT no-rena cy TH OAHomajH ynopeAo ca AHa'.e y aa CJJo60AY nOA naTpHjapxoM JOBaHoM (1592.-1 1 nOCJ1aTa nana 1597. ABa cpncea J(lJJy~ P t la rl Y.'NI~ ]lOB3Ibe KOA sana,n.HHX BJlaAanaLta, Aa no orRY CpfJ

Majy aa 0ACYAHY t5opt5y sa cnO(SOAY. 0 npo Y ".:O .. IX

MeHa y >KHBOTY H HaY[(R CpnCKe QplC8e. TIU ......

Cse jeAHHcTBO cacToja.nO ce C MO Y •

npH8Hajy nany 81.p OIlHO,. IItIr. _._ ••

cxe lJ,pKse.

noen )01811108.

8HM HaCJteA n.'~DIIlIIDl'.

BIKG OBaj

nil

99

I

6HTK aa YHUjy H nehceora naTPHjapxa

acrojH aano M' .

\ ",,}JIIIO ra, Jla H ora c npenOPYKOM apAapH]eBOM JlH'lffO

~ j' e "ocne T . . • i::

r1 )leoHapAlfC. pHj'apXOM Ilajcejea, KOMe je nana Me"y_

YHHjU c naT _

nperOBapao 0 'eoe 'CKV JHUmpYl Aa 6H ra, naxuie 38AOOHO. All".

Tl-tM nOCJIao apxUjep'J cpncKH O,lJ,MaX je H3jaBHo, aa cy OCH.M apXHnacTHP

oeai pesHoCHH . . YJ'eAMFbetfJe: Y'felbe PHMCKO 0 H3JJackY

CMeTfbe 3a _

np}'rOr BenHKe pH1:.JelUHnBatbe aa oeCKBaCHOM xJJeoy.

,... CURa re n

Co. I~yxa. If OA .. ~ TO mfTalbe 0 cjeAHfbelhY pacnpaBHO Ii ca

3a TIIM Je naTpI1Jap c. ny' Kojl1 je mlCMeHO CaOnlJlTHO nana

HMa Ha HtfOI-'" . .

CHOjJlM enHCIEOn , LLHXOBY ysepersy CTO]e na nYTy cje-

tbe xore no ~ Il.

're rnasue CMeT '. ao ra] cnac crapeuraaa poaOI'aHde

Jl HapAHC Je noCJI ,

AI:fJbel-by. eo naTpHjapXO!tl WTO onpeauaje H Jbyoaa-

v PHM If yMOJ1HO ra, ,l(a C l..Lera MOrJUI aa.o.OOBTH sa YHHjy H CBII

§ ie 60 ce ya n:J • . •

HHje nocTyna, J p atbe lIeoHapJ(HcoBO aa YHHJY HMeHoBao

360r rora 3ayaHM . ~ 1644

CpOM. - . X 6apcKuM HaAoHcKynoM " Ma Aa U.IJ.

fa je nana l1J1oH,e";HJe .

. . Hl'lWTa onno. .

}'HHJe HUJe Ilaicejese Dana je uner rroxyurao CjeJJ,Olhelbe

nOCJ1e CMPTH J C 6JfMa nperoaapa, caora nerara YHh-

If nocnao Y neli, ~a c~:a-;eMCKOI" HOBII narpajapx Faepuno ':lljU#; jarcxor Kanyfjepa .. Y . neno nanauor nerara It caaeao CI1HOA (1';47.-1659.) npHMlfo.Je ~JlYE.JHO "-a cryna y nperoaope cnanOM

A CHHOA Jf 011 , ,... .

y fiYAHMJbe. aH~Ka H nosepeaaxa KO)" He 111HI y PUM

6 aa csora nocn n

11 . aaa pao E HMJba H Ap6aHHje, Ho TYPllH cy C~3HaJUt.

najceja ~UtTPO~OJJ .• 2Ta YfJ. yTY YXB3Te H iKl1Ba onepy .. , Ilpero-

sa TO, Te Ilaiceia na n I'll Ilocne OJVlaCl<a Pajl111el:la y PYCHjy

HHCV npeKHHy .

DOplt Hn~K. a~ CHHOn cpncrorx apxajepeja y MaH3cTliPY MOPll'IU

O.l1P)f(aH je JeJJ. . PUM (lp,1(HMaHAPHT MOKCIIA1, na OA

C or CnHOJ~a naCJJaT je y .

aT. aa 3anaA}' J13MOJIH IJOMoh aa nOJV13aN,e JeAHe

nane H JlPY rHX aana PHJ' e Ho It 0.0. rora ne6H tlHtu1'a

(i IOBCKC IIlKIJ)Je If urr .

arOCJ. PUMOM HaCTaBHo je xepuerosasea MMTpOnO,,'1HT

Me~YTHM H~3~ C OUJKU KOju je 100 I. u 1671. TaKo1je Monno no 0

c:. B:~~AI::CMa~:~HPe, ~30 H aa oc 106o~e",e. tbeMY j~ nana I I

~ UP TH UpCT sa MaHaCTHp Y Tpe6Htby , .. HaJnoCJIe, )

nOCJlao HapOIfH " IQ H

• BeaM c PHMOM' upHoropCKH ona)lHKa fL'UCapUOH

IIIJIH cy Y '.

pajapx ApcfHuje III. '1pHojesuh, KIA.

_..,.0 H, OCJJo(J ~ Iby. AJiH HM j HCJI

narpajapx MaKapHje A06HO je OA cYJ1TaHa AonYWTelhe He ca 0 aa nonpaarsa 0pOHYJle II paaopeHe ~pKBe H MaHaCTHpe aero H H08e aa nOAH)I(e. OH je llo6po aaao KaKOBa cana ne)l(H y THM 'IYIt apKM8 aepe 11 HapoJ1HoCTH aauie, na ie oJl,Max npHcTynHo nocJIY 11 aa Kpal'K~ apeae, nopeu MHonlX MaHaCTHpa,Y Cesepao] Cp6lthl, nOA nJlaHHHa,\\8 Ol:illapOM 11 KaOJlapOM, nOAHlKe ce AO":Ta H08HX MaHaCTHpa 11 y EaCHH, CpeMY, YrapcKoj CnaBoHBjH H Xpaar-

~_ .cfoj, rne roJJ. ce Haw aapon HaCeJIHO. Te MaHaCTHpe nOAHaaJIH cy BeJiJ.IHO," caaa Kany1jeplf C OKonHHM HapOAoM, KOMe cy OHM OA Hen"'Ke KOPHCTH 6HJHf KaKO noa Typ~HMa TaKO H nOA aYCTpOyrapCf(OM anauray Y 6opo" ca YHHjOM.

Ilopea caera pooJbetba 11 naJbelba O'lYBaHH cy (blnM Y M8HacTopKMa HeKH ocraua crape CJJaBe uaure. - Ty cy 6Hne CJIKKe uapeaa, KpaJbeBa; KHe)l(eOa H BnacTeJle, no KOjH KOMaA IbHJlOBOr 3JTaTHOr "' cperipaor nocyaa, BJlaJlaJla'lKe AUDJIOMe c ne'laTHMa H T. A. Ty cy nHCaH" Jlemouucu H XpOHorpa,puje no HapOAHoM npe.a.afby If Y AYxy HapoAHHX necaaa MaHaC'fOpH cy H TaAtt OH.lJJt jellHHe WKOJle, a Ca()opH, saurapa H KapoAHH aOopOBIl o6APmasaHII cy Y .o.BOpHlUTII~a If ~pKBaMa MafiacTHpCKHM Ty ce Ha,t- 81-1111(:' InlJIO neno HapOAHO 1(OJIO, Y KOMe cy 'teCTO H kIJlyi}eplf nonrpana, re cy (')aw OKO MaHaCTllpa Haj60Jbe ollyaaHM HARM oOwlajlf. Ty je HapOA nocne CB. nHTyprHj CJlywa

pelfH QeCl'HTHX Ka..ly~epa H APyrax HaJ)OAHH npH

CJICUHX rycnapa H JtPyrHx IUTO C TYA. BHCO~O CBeCT HapOAY H pacna~H8ane CTapOM CJJaOOM... KaJly~epH cy dllllM up

KaTK;lJl H anacreocxa otiJla'lHJIH, J W

t;oraTO oPY)I(je. A KIl .Dlu. MI_. ~,._ ..

~eplI H8UJH "JUt j}'Ha'IKH V."II.J.1oI111

IIKH npn K&lJIY'~lDCkor __

B PY H ICJtOH

102

HHK3Aa HHCY MornH Au1tJ1", AJUI a ce Buwe

c ~ If ]I nponanu, A . naxo 60])0 OQYBaTo .MaHacTlfpe "aWe UJ.(

MHpHO ]1.06a HlfJe CDaXHj'e HaMeTaJIe cy se MaHaCTlf

HI Y OKORHe

iJba TypCKor. - H neCeTaK ca MaHaCTHpCI<HX aeMaJba

HaC) H yaHMaJI ~ .< 4::

pllMa sa rocnop.ape . ..... cy oner LJeCTO.ll.a pooe : a Kany. lJepu

. nu' HacpTaJl n . • H

TypCKH paa60JHlfL\ .. " UU Hawe: 6paHHJUI cy CBeT"Ib~ CBOje. 0

CJ)aBOM OBeH'IaHH x3JAY CTHpHMa TYPCIOI nOnHuajHH \UtHOB-

II t: 11" cy MaHa,

HajBIWJe Aoca.JUBa UMa nOAMeT3J1H paase xpaaaue, na OUJJ.a

mu KOjU cy KaJJyfjep 6HJlH To [e TaKO qeCTO If lieclioClill

uau , anH H rRO .

aH3CTItpe yu.efbliB ~ H OCT(!BJbanlt csoie MaHaCT"pe CaCI1HM

M ra K3JJy.I}ep .

-<"BanD, na cy MHO xa y APyre CK]JOHHTI1]e 11 MHPIHtje.

IJ ce 0,0; cnJJHM 11

lIycTe ii CKnaJ-banll. acrapa OAJla3Wlli 6" "JaK Y l-ItapHrpa]J.,

A J(ally~epH JJMyliHHjUX MaH me"'MaHe H .thRMa ce opaHe OA Ha-

rre sa}l.e u.apcKC 't' ... C

na no ,cKyne HOB..... . . sa H3jHM.ytHltja MaH3C1'Upa nama myo«:

C"J]H~IKa, WTa saure, 1J. y XVI 8. 6epaT COI(OJlOBa'"lKH It uoua II /le'taHU a38a,o;"J1~ ~y COKOJlOBlIU. Kao TaKOBn nOTna.o.aJl It

. ., e WOUHfjUJe- "'

nOCTaJJK nJ1eMeRHT onpourrena 6exy O.ZJ. cuaxora AaliKa,

cy ,IVipeKTHO DOA CYJITaHa H necy y Ilaparpaa oApeljeHH 6poj aa

axe rOAHHe AD •

3 06Bfay: Aa CB A H H TO HM Hlfle Muoro nOMorno .,

6 HUX COK0J10B3, JI

nOB LnJBe>K a . CKHX aeMaJba Koje napoaaure Cl'apl1

BellHKY BetuiHY MaHaC;TH~pyrH JbYAU a~ dywy, rpo6, uoaupu,

aCTeJ1a xao H f\ A (5

Bna.naOll,H H BJ] , yaeJIH R ,a,enHJtH no BOJh"'. I1Sal10

JI T. ,n. TypUH cy "POCTO OJl, JbyRH ~ KMeTOBa (nOAaHI1Ka), xao

aHacTHpCK'IX ",.

je H TaJ(OBUX M '. n a ROJ'I{ cy npHMHJ1" MyxaMeAOBC'I'00

fA niul fWA fIIe~laH ,

aa np. I".JCTHH . 6 npHrpa6HTH aeMJbt} MaHaCTJ.fpCKt!,.

Aa Mory ee u

caao aa TO, HpOMaWHM 6Hn" If H3AP>KaBaJlH c~

Crora cy .MaHaCTHpH 8pno. c OA uapoaa Ao(iHBaxy. Y TY C8PXY

THIhOM lUTO je .

MaXOM MHnoc. 'CBaJ(e rOAHHe no xojer Kany'ljepa y npoWlby,

onpaBHG 60 MaHacToP. • M . jep cy KanyfjepH aaRHCHsanH KOJe

Koja ce HaaHBan~ fl~C~~~:ad AaTo. Ilpa TOM cy KanyljepH Hocona WTa Aao H WTa Je J( Mane hHBore e 'JeCTHu.aMa cserax MO H cotSOM Y HapOA KPCTo~e ~HMa OCBeTe AOMose npHnO)f(HHK&. A

pa8HHX coeTHTeJb3, A MHore MaHacTHpe aaure H npa80

KPaja XM~:~S~:~a~n:JJ:~KH BJJaAao~H. - OHa cy HX AI,pnlQIII yCIII. QPDeHH. CTsapaMa H KlitaraMI; I

.. ., fOJ.W.y n BDO 0 Y HO K 0 ....

I

-recro He caao KanyljepH Hero H enacsona, MHTPODOJIRTB, Dati nITPJIJC:tPCH HaWM. Ho TYPQH cy, «ao KacHRje H AYCTpHjaH~B. RepaAO .lieJJ.aJIH Ha o.o.l1na}t(etbe HaUJHX y Pycaiy; re je raxo H naTpajapx nelieD Faspuno Pajuh, Ka,lJ,a ce BpaTHO us PYCHje, OKJJeBeT3H H ocyljeH ~ao BeJ1U1m H3p,ajHHK, na ol')eweH y BpYCH 1659. A HeKH enscxona W A\l1TpOnOJH1Tlt HaW" H CTanHO cy ocrana y PYCHjH, xao Ha np. MMTponOJU1T Bpwa't1<H Teoiiocuje, KojH je 1667. oraurao raao '" HelCO apeae 6"0 ynpaaarea, Pycxe naTpRjapwHje ...

Ilocne MCeJhetba naTpHjapaxa nehcxax ApceHHje III. H 1\'. nponana cy aa YBeI< MHorH MaHacTHpH. ,Ta,Q,a je y rnaBHOM ~ecrane KO,lJ. Hac n )l(eHCKHX MaHaCTHpa; Te cy OCTane CIMO DaleAH.He KanyijepHu;e, nopen MaHaCTHpCKHX H napoxaicxax QPKaBa, a iii no nptlBaTHnM l<yliaMa, ~ OA TO .o.o(5a noseo je HarJIO Aa ooa.,tla MOHalllKH H<HBOT y sapony uauiex H MHorH cy MaHaCTHpH AOIUtHje onYCTeJUf caao saro IUTO He 6elUe KaJIyljepa Aa HX npaxsare.

9. Ilpocsema H J<lbuxeBHocm. - KClAa cy TypqH operaaRJIB H nOpOCiHJIH Cpncxe 3eM.'he nponane cy T8,Q,a y nnaMeHy H HHa'ie MHore 6orocJly:m6eHe KIbHre, xao It APyrH AparOl.\eHH npOHBBO", nauiera yMHor }l(HBOTa. 3(5or rora HeAoCTaTaK Y KIbHraMa Hiley ",orJ1e na 'Ha.o.OI<HaAe HM cae lUTaMnapaje Rame. Koje cy Bpno reurxo H KpaTKO spexe ,Q,p)I(ane ee, re cy Aocnene AI WT Y

caao HajnoTpe6HHje QPI(aeHe KIbMre. aaTO Y KaH A

IJHCMBaHe CBe AO XIX. 8.; anK He CIMO Y OCllDa .. t::TeJlHM MaHaeTHpHMa, Hero H no npM. CBeUJTeHHJ(a, aaHaTnMja, TproBalla H eeoc

sanaaana HaWM KanyfJ~pH R tjaQ1l 88'18 D

ClUJOHHWT8 HJlH KynetaH MIJlOCTB Y cy KIbHre (Sane BpJlO ICYne,

TypaKa. HHa.. y ynoloe

a Mailano

104

BHOCTH H .llaJbe aacrynaas cse rpaHe kao HHaLJe cy Y .KIMf)f(e aqmje II JIeronnCJ1 xeuiha, )'3 to ce, no

I npe caao cy Xpouorp TaKO BsaHH 360pH.ll1{U HJIII ~IrIUt08I1Ulje

I py paaBHwe

rp'-lKOM Y30 . anase pa3HOl:lpCHJ1 KfbJl)l<eB1Hf caCl'a~llI' y lbilM3 ce H •

JI Llewe/tto' - . ara npexa yKYCY U I1HTepecy .tJ.OTUI.JHora

3 pa3HHX F\I-b T J •

nosa J}eHII 1'1 aLta .aOopmfl<OBa. 0 oewe Haj8aH 11,\\-

K caCT3SJL

npeIH-tClIB3Lftl crapux Te cy MHoro tlHTaHe II npemtclf~

. Hpa aauiax t • •

JblfBKJa JJeKT ponoseaa If MOPaJIHHX nOYKa Y IbUl\Ia ct.'

Ilooea UpKBeHUX n N\

sase. open a1.JKH pOMaHH, npaue, anOKpH't'}I, }fUJBOTU

aanase II crapa JfCTOLfID QnaHUJ.I}l3 ncropaie, reorpatP~je, aCT poCBeTHTeJba, xao If pa3HH e Ir T " na H aexa Bpalfalba n raTalha ..

. Me,lJ,Kl.{HH. fl.',

HOMKJe, cjlH3HKe, Ilouenuuu u Otuutaauu MaHaCTlfpCI<lI, l<aL

6 'v cy rana n

Y 0 IfIJ3J, X OHKKe Y Koje cy ynHcKBaH~f rocru .111-

lie MaHaCTupCKe P

,l(OMa .. MryMaHlf J.f APyrH.

6POTBOPU, KTlfTOPU,. • Ha.i3HaTHujH je narp~ljanx

C UAW OBara nepaona p

~e~y au 4 1614 _ 16 t7.). OH je nanacao }f(UBOr:nOllllC u Ilajcej jalbeBal/ . ( y. . J' J<ojJ.f jc v }berOBO aooa oOjaHlbeH. Hacnysccy Ca. uapy. POUJyra' ]1.fJLa H 'YMPO xao CTorOJJ,HWlhl1 crapau

., Ii uexa AP

nHcao ie Jaw VIII rreuao je nOOOJICHe f1 «osapoe«: U('C.,t",

Y noserxv X Ca a':~llnMa II AP.) nehcrca narpnjapalllKH "POTlI(Eoropo:J,rfl.{l1, PBJ ,nUOH nOH.I10BUfi nOTOH:.H lwa/.U'ma 6alif<J1

l: Y1fHTeJb UC(lr ' .

Cl1HI}eJI Ii HrYMaH Konctaantaun npenucao je 174~

(0]1. 11~1.). t{elJaHCKU CKJl X'POHUKY xojy [e no MHnOIM I..:TpaHMM

aMeHHT" CJlOlJeHOcpa ,/

3H J 1- J[3BOpUMa aanncao Hecyryt: II" aecnor CpnCI{H

ropaaa U ,lJ,OMa nHM 6

as J- aa apeae caora ?2-r OJI,IHUtber cY:.f<aI-bCToa v

13 be rpalfJ Bpansosuti, - .

op .., (1689. ~ 171 I). Y roj XpOHH~H npsa nYT Jl'

Bexy 11 Xeoy . Cpncxor Hapona 011 Hajcl'aplliHX epeMeHa

npHKaa3Htl npoIUJJOc1 •

1705 - na 350 J. CrpaHIIL(U ... OCl1M T~ra HJJ(lAHr,a. upuorop-

,Il0 'J. Il poeut. oaBetw ce y PYCHJJ.f nanacao ie JI 1754

Cf II Bacunuje em I, • r j

o HeKpHTHlfHy 11cmopuIY llpne ope, reo a J~

y MocKsu WT3Mna , A

aura IIJTaMnaHa JfCTOP"J3. nOCJJeJltbH P H

MelJYTHM npaa H • 1771

' Bacunuje 8PKUh sanacao je 'f 1\0

nettcKH narpajapx X It a" 1ft

Pvce, nen OtlUC mypckux otinactuu U JlCUBOaz puw all ,

JH Je reK Y HaUJe llaHe IJJTaMnaH 0.11 XVU B. nO'fHfbY ce Me~y Haw

rl DaKe K are, oj y

'BeHCKor HJlH Cp6YJbCKOr Ha'iItHHO C/108CHO-CPllCItU j_ nHC. Taj ce jeaHK apno Ma~10 pa3J1HKyje OA PYCICO-CJlO 8 .. nanao [e KOJl Hac on nOJIOBltHe XVIII. B. CBe ),0 APY e OOJlO XIX. ft .. _ Tana ra [e Ha KtbHiKettHocTH H nHCMeHOCTH .aUl HCTHCHY(l 'UfeTH HapOJlHH jeaH" H BYKOH npaRUIIHC: anN je P)'Ctnl l.{pKBeHO-CJIOBeHCKH je3Kf\ OCTao I\Ol aac II AaJLe 3a (iorOC,,1Y. >K6eHH jeaHK.

VI. CpnCK8 QPKBI DOl QaplrplJlCKOM DaTpljap.qD . (1766.-1912.)

I. J1pyro YKuOaltlf ne#tcKe nQmpujapllluJ~. - C.MO no. npHTJlCKOM TypCKe BnaCTH npH3Hana je L\apHrpaAcKa na'l'p.japwHja caMOCTaJlHOCT ot'iHOB1betloj Ilehcxo] ApxHenHclCUnRj.t an. HJlKaJl He XTeAe joj npH3HaTH Hac.ilOIt naTPHjapwMje Ho lin k ie 6M-J10 noj'eAHHMx uapHrpaJlCJ\MX naTpHjapaxa. ICOjH He (Sexy ONlY" • npOTHHHHUH caMOCTanHOCTM Cpncxe l\pKBe. IUTa Hme, dlUlo je

Me~y IbHMa If TaKoBHX, ICOjM cy llITHTHJIM Ty CaMOCTIJIHOC OHA

KaAa MM ce npYlKana npHJ1HK3 Aa je caeBN'" YHMIlITe T8tCO Je aa up. 1718. naTpHjapx .IepeMUJII, ca CllujHM CHHOAOM, 0 , •• 0 H

npozseo ooraTur rp'IKOr KaJ1y~epa TUMOmtja J

aycrpajcxo-r ypcxor 1716.'-1718. KynMu OA cy nltll1CII~ .' .... _

enacxoncxa npecro H nporHao K tt

Pajoeuna; HaKO [e TMMoTHje HYItHO Il.I~.r'PIII"Clro ... ,r.lllaltQ My nonsprue CpnCK), UPKISY Ila

Apceuaja IV, HHje llapHrpaa H p ..• _.~_

Ilehcxy llaTpHjapwHjy, HaKU C

fiMIIe. Ta MHC n pen ·1Ift',n"II.

ttapHrpaACKIi n T HJ __ t;t ••

rH'fHH COMY nper 0 j

I

107

. . HaMepe YAapHO je npBO Ha nel1cl<)

4:eH.1Y CBOje if!:.. •

IIp" ,naBoI, ... Ii o'lajHo craise uHJlO, re je HaJlIaKUJe

. y KOJOJ je Be C ~

l1arpujapwlfJY, csera rrpzxaaa nocnemser PuHHa Ha

- OH ope . s; LJ"

orao yeneT". . xa Bacunuja BPKUna-.f\ap.JlOB'iUli.UH.a,

Y narpuJap

nefiCJ(OM npeCl'OJT , cna y nporOHCTBO. Ha MeCTO fberOHO

YnTaH ra no . .

K(I('l HeBepH3 " c CK~M BJI.aCTHMa, aa naTplfjapxa rpK3

PaaYMY C Typ

n CTaBH, Y cno 65 -1766.); a oaora OP3? aaroaopa, na TOOOlf(e

f(OllUHUKO /I. (17 . llaTpujapllJHJH, nonaece OCTaSKY H

x nplfnJlK3 Y II"

soor HeCHoeHH r a enHCKonHM3 Ilehcxe . aTpuJapUJlfJe

yje)lHO ca OCTanJlM cePT~H:aTPHjapwHja YKHHe II ~jei\aHH ca ~aplI- 3aMOJJH CYJlT3Ha, .n~ HfbeHO CaMYHJlO ie onpesao npHCTymlO rpa,ttcKoM. A K3A3 je TO. Y'ICJ'e,llHfhetne H 83 APiKaBHHXHHTepeca

PHO ra Aa je TO •

cyJJT3HY H yse .. ~. 'ep tie TaAa ,!(pH<aBHa 6J1arajHJ1u.a YpeJ{HQ

Heonxo~HO nOTpe6H . J . na neii xao If caa aaOCTaJJH Ayr; a Jl06HBaTR uponHcaHH .a.aHa~ )be '1YH~nf Cp6e Hero IbJ.iXOBh emi-

r Un ennCKonH 00 y'

ya TO lie P H aYCTpHJ'CKOM hecapy. JeAHO he ce

. YBeK CJ<JJOH

~KOClIf, KOJII "y BaTH H illHpel-bY no .o.p>KaBY onaCHor

TaKO naxure . Mohu O,ll~~:CTaHTcT8a ... _ nOJ.(YTH~ajeM OBaKOBHX PHMOKaTOJlHWTBa ~ n~ npacrao na CaJllYHJlOB npe)lJlor II 11. paanora cYJlTaH Je pso ojJepMaH na ce Ilehcza naTpHiapUlHja ceameMtipa 1766. 1f3,llaAe na rrap~rpaJtCKOj naTpHjapunrjH.

YKHAa It noaspra ......

KOHa'lHO . CaMYHJlO ooy )f(aBY )f(eibY CBOjy nocTHrao,

KAAa je narpaiapx MeCTHMa Koja npananaxy apxHenHCKony,

. Ileh C OCTaJlH.M

oAMax Je. HCKO' MumpoaoJluju, na ce 1 c'KO naKwe aarpe noaaprao Ilpuspe .'I jH A i\yr narpniapruajcs» paapeaao [e H HMe crapoj Ilarpnjapura B~wTeHHKe upxse, MaHaCTlJpe H HapoA.

PncKe enHCKone. c, .

Ha CBe c . 6HO Cpde enacxorre, nO,LlMeTHYo HM Je OCHM rora, Ka,!\a Je orno x y MaHaCTHpe HJ1H aaroxersa, a aa

KpHBHQe H nocnao " .

paase Fpxe npOTHB rora Ha CHJba nOTY>KHO thHXOBa MeCTa nOCT::o Casa 'y HMe Cpoa en8CKODa PYCKOM Cse-

ce IlPHOroPCKH ~aA xa TaKO ie eTO Crapa Cpncza QpKsa

C Hony anH oea ycne .-

TOM H "', r "pKBe a CpnCKR HapOA ABOCTPYKHM

DOCTana P0(SHIbOM plfKe ~ ,

tAItIfA Typ8lC8 H rpKa.

JIVVV 2. OxpudCKa ApxueuucKoauja U /beND YlCuoaNJe. 1II1G111'U1" Qpaa ICoja je AOWJIa nOA TYPCKy BJlaCT If TOt, J H

Byrapcsa L\pKBa, xao H npaBOCJIaBHa QpKBa y BnaWKoj H MOJInascxo]. Taxo ie JJ.O nana 4apHrp8Aa Y TYPcKe .PYKe OHa DOCTaJla aajnpocrpauaja U Hajja'la CaMOCTaJlHa UpKBa Ha BaJlKaHY. KlAa Ie MeljYTHMLI;apHrpa.n nao 1453., na Mano aa THM H CMeAepeBo 1459., re .KOMa qHO YHHWTeHa rp'IKa H cpncxa AP>Ka8Ha CaMOCTInHOCT, rana cy T~P~H nO,ll,eJJHnH qeJJO BanKaHcKO nonyocTpBo aa ABe caMOCTaJIHe u,pKBeHe oonaCTH. -- 4apHrpa,ll,CKoj naTPHjapwHjH oCTaBH1IH cy HCTO'tHH H jy)l(HH aeo ca SyrapCKOM, MonAaBCKO. n BJ1aU1KOM, a OXPH,lI,CKOj ApXHenHCKonHjH aanaAHH aeo ca CpnCKRM 3eMJbaMa 8 KOJloHHjaMa npaBocnaBHHX Fpxa H Ap(SaHaca no JY>KHOj MTaJllfjH, CH~HJ)HjH, ManTH H AaJlMa~HjH.

Fpua cy yaeK 61{JlK noya.naHHju TYPlUfMa Hero CP(SH, re nocne naaa Qa.pHrpa,lla OHH CBe aaure nOTHcKyjy Cp6e ca apxaemfCKOOCKHX H enHCKonCKHX CTonHua Y OXPHACKoj ApxHenHCKOmtjH A KaAa ce 1557. 06HoBH1Ia nelicKa naTPHjapwHja OCBOjHnH cy fpU,H caCBHM OCTaTKe OXpH,lJ.CKe ApxuenHCKoflHje. na ce Oll TO J).o6a y Ma'he.a.oHojH oner jaBJbajy rp'tKe (5orocnY>K6eHe Klb8re H HanMCH no QPKBaMa, KOjH CBe BHwe o6Y8HMajy Maxa H HCTHCKyjy Cp6YJbCKO fiorocJlY>Keae If KfbH>KeBHOCT ..•

KpajeM XV I. B. HsryCiHna je OxpHAcKa ApXHenHcKoDHja npaeocnasae J(oJloHHje Y JY)f(HOj HTanHjH, Koje cy MaxOM nOYHRjahene H nopHMOKaTOJlH'feHe; a aa THM AaJlMat(Hjy c MIIeQH." Koje nornaaoure nOA QapHrpaACKY naT.pHJapwBjy. - y vn a. craiana cy apno 'teCTO H OXPHACKH apXHenRCKOnH y nperoBOplIM. C PHMCKHM nanaaa paAH YOHje; re Je nO'IeTKoa XVIII. •. n na nOCTaBHO je,l{HOr MatteAoHIlI, aaenn.Hor y HJlupclCDM Jy ClIOHeHCf(OM KOllerujy Y PH.Y, 81 OXPIIACKO ylUlja r .tIIItQICCMIl.

AnH cse TO OCT8Ae Gea ycnezl, 8 or

y OXPHACKOj ApXH DHcKonHja B

a60r 0pHT.CKI Typ

Hajnoene. Hlfler ... II .. qlDlt,..

je. YKHHYO nOCJIe 1I:e.t«JQ_. _"I;.

a_PIAl

10

09

KP3THO nocnYWHOCT OHM (Sa ra np(,J(Jllf_

A K3.Ll3 6H IJM 1f3poA yc OKonaBaJHI. 360r rora cy tJl{TaBa CelIa

M CJtnOM yn t'" • ~

Hl3J11f Jt TypCKO 3Ma rOjJ.H~a OCTaJaJIH oea cBeLUTeHHl(1

n ,IlfCefHH K C

II KpajeBJ.f HaUJ. re je HapO,n caM .AP)I{ao pcny naBy CBOjy II

If ()orOCJry)f(etba• CBojHX apu1leui'1iUBQB ce npeJJOA\JbelfIlM

a xpaMOB3 .. . .

Ha pa3BalHniaM M BMHOM. 11 HHJe lfy,p.O IUTO cy Y TaI(O-

~aJJHBeHH . .

Kp HffM KOJI3LfeM· . CJJaoHjlt Cp6H nOA3J1H Y oqaJarne, It Aa

KaMa ,'tlW)fK .

BHM npUJUf PY1<O ponCTBO aanyurrana Be6PY OTal{aCBOJ")( na

Hs6erHY ABOCT Taxo je na np, a or TaJ<OBI{X If APY-

M aM e]lOBCTBO.

npJfMaJl~f yx ucn3M OKO 50 HaWHX cena ca Blime 0A

Pewno Ha fi r

rHX HeBO}b3 n DpHspeHa a y 001l3CTHMa t opa M OaoJbe

Y Of('OnitHH' A'

30.000 Aywa., n J.tRHf{OM YKuAaJba OXpH)l;CKe pXHem1Cl{oje.

A y MafieJ).oHHJR, PM ..... TPOnOJIHT MerneHCKH HJlapUOH, Te He

'afbe I{ caM n

nao je y OqaJ l\ .KBy CBOlY OJ), HaCHJba rpTJKOr II OCiCCTH Typ-

MoraBlJ1Jt enaCTH P CJ1aBHY If npeurao aa HCJJaM ca MHorlfM cJ(e~ H~J1.ao [e 8e~y np~BO _ TaKO le ere ornosena BJIaCl l\apH-

XRJe CBOje .. ·

HapO}lOM ellap . . HaJl CpnC[{OM QP1<BOl\l!

narpHJaplJHfJe

rpa)l:cue . HTpa)J,CKH narpsjapca WHJbanH Cp6HMa aa

r 11 xore cy uap . 6

pu J 3HaJHI cpncxora je3HJ(3 H JoiJIH cy MaXOM.

06WlHO HHCY .

unajUIJ{e, H Kif O,lJ, fbHX 6MsaJlH cy npe rora enHCI(ORH

J:lpJro llOUW lbY.o.U, Me oj AanjH H fP1.fKoj. CBHMa fbHMa rJIaBHa CBpxa Ii ,"HTpOIlOJUlTJIf Y aJlrno6e J'3,1(HH HapOA Haw H lberOBOM KPBa-

lUTO sarue 0

(jeHle, na ~ are Crora je aa IbHXOBO apeae OBJIaAana

'JM ce6e ouor , ,

HOM Myhl ao Jf rplfKOM QPI<BOM; rep }1 OHM cy aa

ria H CpnCIWM K .

CIL\\UHl J ~aHCTBa OJ), Typaxa H narpajapaxa, 3aTO

, V!luB3JUI BJJa/HI ,

HOHrtU I(_ .• H uenamt napoxaje H nponaaaaa HX t50JbHM

no MUlIUj BOJb .... J

cy OHlf . TeHHKe PYKononaranH H cacaaa HenHCMeHe

Ma a 33 cueru

KynUH. , 'Jle M • .'laJutlie. CuewTeHCTBY H HapOAY CYJUIJIH

lIa It He).l.Opac

Jby,rte. ena: cseurreuake cy 6HnH, BeSHBana, aaTaa

MH KaKO cy XT . •

cy ca rSO}f(l::a' aJUt cy 06H'IHO H paAHJe calK)' KIB

PaJII1 H OKHBaJlH Y IJ)

B'faHy rnody. Ko 15K nax nOKywao AI C IJpeT8apa'IH Y HO

. TO \e cy npeTHJJH crpalUHOM aHa 0

HXOBOJ OAJIyUH,

I WHHM rypclCHM CYAOM. 3a A06ap HOS8Q AOnyw

IIIQrt tf oa. npH cJ(Jllna .. y B paBa.,_ , _ ••

UIIIC'J'llPCfCI IIMeTKO

XPHCl'OBO TltpaHCKH It caupeno, rpaAeliH OA 6p)l(aHCICH& TajDa cpeAcTBOJ p,a ce JJ,o~e AO HOBQa H rpeumera AotallTKa-. AnI, an nocae iuecr rOJJ,HHa 1821., MCTH L\apHrpaAcKIl CBHOA maJbe rora 'TaKO CTpallJHO )f(HrOCaHor xoeexa H oner Cp6H.a -8a "HTpono.rn1Ta y HHW .••

Tana cy MHTpOnOJ1HTe It enacxone nOCTaDJbaJIH '1eCTO H noje,lJ.HHH TypCKK o6nacHH ynpaBHHqH - nawe H DeaHpH. Tora je HCTRHa J1 npe 6uBallo, ana y MHoro MalLoj .epH. TalCO je Ba np ueJlMKH Be3Hp XYPWHA nawa 1813. nOCTaBHO aa 6eorp8AC((Or MilTpOnOJlMTa caora nacapa, HMWKor CBeWTeHHKa AHoHllcllja; a HeWTO AOll.HMje Peuen nawa nocraaao je aa MHTpOnOJlRTa jeABor HeBaJbanor rplf:KOr K311yljepa, CIlp'3UMaHTHjy, KOjH je KOA Ihera y AAa'cane aa t(YHaBY 6HO naHAYP H 6YJbYK6awa ...

3a TUX H T3KOBHX ~aHapHoTa nana je epnCKa npOCBeTa y TYPCKoj QapeBHHH ua HajHMiI<e rpaue, na je HapO,llOM jow ja'te oananana npaaaosepaua. - fpqKe BJlaAHKe HWJJ~ cy XOTHMH'IHO aa THM na 68 OJ), aeyxor H npaauosepaor HapOAa WTO BHwe KOPHCTH xor lIlf ' H3BJla qMTH H WTO J1aKWe H AY>Ke BaA IttHM ana,o.aTH. 3ftor rora .mtcy JJ,onywTaJJH Cp6HMa na no,o.H)I(Y Wf(one caoje. 'laIC HJI no,lJ. xpa] XIX. B, Itt CpOM y Crapo] Cp6HjH H MaliQOHHjH aManH cy Aa H3AP)f(e TelUKY 6op6y, ,o.OK ey ycnenH Aa aM C Aony T

nOAH3aTH WKOJ1e. MeijYTHM, y eBBMa a H MeeT G no

rpKa OT8apaHe cy rp~Ke lUKone; a y

H COJIYHY orsopeue cy (SHJle H BHW 'IKe WI\u., ....

OJJ,J133HJ1H H no HeKU Cp~H. I1H 'Ie cy (Sa H

caao no CHOjHM MaHaCTupHMa H KOA CBOjit yr'MJlui1lX "' •• 01"-

CKHX CHeUlTeHHKa; a TeK no K~" OIUI

KapJ1UBu,e Ha HaYKY

Jom cy -........... H8C:TOIIIlJtII

oHAa DOCTen HalUHM H H

AHK Y H

PYROn

110

THTeJb3 .... Ho popeJl caera rora Meijy nperuaaa flaWHM HHey OHM HH 6JIH(JY OHonJlKO MorJJH yeneTH KonHKO Me1jy EyrapHMa H P

'. YMy-

H"Ma, rile cy rOTOBO cse aanre OapO.llHe CJIOJeBe OAPOAHnM H norp~lHml 6BJJH. - Ko,Q Hac cy ycneRa caao TOJIHICO, Aa ynopeAo ca CJJoaeH'cKHM 6oroCJIY)f(eu,eM yBe.u;y H rpsxo no HeKHM aei; HM rp

. • aAo-

BHMa, y J(ojHMa ,Je 6HRO J3f(HX rp'IKHX H lI,uHlJ,apCKHx KOJIOHH'a

3a T3KOBY oTnopHOCT Hawy npeaa rpl{HM8 ereKJIH cy MJ ' ••

• Hore

aacryre H oner crapx MaHaCTHp" HawH, Te npanpocra Ka1lyb

. ~ . gePH

H cBewTeHH'-'", KOjH lfcCTO 8H '1KTaTH HHCY aHana anH M

, HorM

Me~y fbHMa, nope,o; CBHX pljaBHx npHMepa rpllKHx BJlaAHKa, HCKpeltO cy no6oHCHH 6HJlII H yses cnpeMHH 6exoY Aa H >KHBOT CROj )l(pT-

oyjy 33 sepy H ,Qo6po Hapo,u;a CDO .3. HH cy HaM AaJCJle

TJfM reWI£HM BpeMeHHM3 ljlaHapHaTCKora poncrsa, ca'lyaanH Cp~ My

C '" . . . crBa

H T1paBOCJJ3BJhe... pena je JOW ya TO, Aa Je caao je.o;aH nee

HapoAa HaLller Ayro lfaMHO Y TOMe porrcrsy, - Ilpaa ropa .

ra Kif OCeTIfJla, a Cp6lfja ra ce Beli nO'IeTKOM XIX. B. onpOCTIl~~~ SOCHa H XepQerOBHHa peumure ce Fpxa npea xpa] XIX. B ' Crapa Cp6Hja H Malie,lJ.OHoja Tel< Y aaure naNe nocne ell" a

J a8He

KOCOBCKe oceere ,1 9 12.

APYfH llEO.

CABPEMEHA CpnCKA U

-

Wa Crape CpnCKe ~PKBe OABojHne cy ce • PI.BUe Cle nasaunee caMOCTaJJHe H CaMoyopaBHe l(PkBeHe orlRacta HaWe, Koje C3LJHlbaBajy CaBpeMeHY Cpactey qplClly. - O~ TO 00- 'lena je Bet Kp.ajeM XVII. D., KaAa je TypCKa MO no II BeJJHKH neo Cp6a souiao nOA BnaCT ayctpoyrapc Tana jet CH:JJOM nOJlHTH'UCHX IlPHnHKI, aa Cp(I y BOHUjU U Xpsamcxo] OCHOBaHa npao I oynpa nOTnYHo caMOCTaJJHa MUrllpOUOJlUJQ ~ [lehcxe naTpHjapwHje 17ti6. 06pa 0 H cranaa MUmptlUOAuja ~tIllUHJClta, o~ Typaxa TOJ(OM XIX. B. AOWJlO

HHje H ~o nOTOYHO MO rlJl Me'.""N.

ODe MHTpon JlHje rQT 0

caje]l.Htbefh M ClIQpt 'P KpaJbeBHHaMa paaaaia ce K CHJJOM nOJin

1J4

p CKa UPK a BOJBOllRB. CJlaBOHllja IPBITCKOj.

(MHTpoDonHj J<apn08a~Ka). a) npOWJlOCT.

"t( UOBJlOCazUl.Ie «apodne. - OBe 3eMJbe aayaeJla

I. Ceooa U . . K

. . 1; KpajeM XVII. B. TaKO J),a Je nocne apJlOBalll(Or

Jf AYCTP"~~ se TaO nOJ! TYPQHM3 ca,MO BaHaT H AOIbH CpeM. A

M~P:M (16 n~JK:~eBQY 1718. Ao611J1a je ~YCTPHja. nopea TIIX I<pa~"P . Y H aeJUfKH .neo A3Hawfbe Cp6HJe, BJlawKY J),O AJIyte H

jeaa, JOW 6 ya Casy 11.0 YHe. Ho SeorpaACKHM MHPOM 1739

YCKH )leo OCHe - .

" B Casa H YH3 rJl3BHe rpa. Huu.e .H3Meijy AycrpHje

nOCT3,ItOWe f-\YHa , . 10 C

T CKe. Ta Melja KOHa'iHO Je YTspl)eHa ¥UPOM Y BHWtOBy

H. YP _ 0 TUM MeljaMa paaaaae ,cy ce H rpanaue MHTPO-

1791 ...

nOJUfJe J<apnoB3 lfKe.

33 TUX paTOBa npeuino [e MHoro THcyl1a . Cp()a ca BamcaHa CnaBoHHjy H XpBarCKY, Te ce 6poJ CTapoceAenal.{a H y Yr~PCKY'eJbeHHX Cp6a no TKM ~pajeBHMa 3HaTHO YMHO)l(HO

paHHJe ,!lOC I • ..' '.

. no 6pol'y TaKO H 110 nOBJIaCTHl{aMa HaJBa)KHHJa Je OHa

ARM KaKO Ii' .

ceo6a, KOjy je FlpajeM X~II. H. aaseo ne eRR narpajapx ApCeHHje

IJJ lJpHojeBuJi. - On je, H3MH'IyfiH C MHorHM HapO,[l,OM npeA

. Typ"'YOM Bel;. y nOlieTKY nera 1690. HaJla3HO ce y Beo-

OCBerOM "'I',

Ty ra CTH)f(e noaaa napa Jleonon,!J,a I. 0.0. 6. anpHJ1a Hete

rp3JlY· . I<

Y TOM no3HBY otJeiiaB3JY ce CBRMa vanK3HCKHM HapOAHMa,

roaRHe. . t5

a y npBOM peAY Cp6HMa, nope.a. CJlo60Ae sepe H H8 opa Boj~oAa,

. If MHore APyre nOBJlaCTHue, aKO npHCTaHY ya AYCTPHJY H

JOw C.

nOH080 ce .IlHfHy nporaa Typaxa rora narpaiapx .OAMax caaBa

a60p HapOAHHX npsaKa, KOJH oAJIyqe Aa .'lapa JleononAa KOHa'iHO npHaH~Y CBOjHM roonoaapes H o6eliaJY MY, Aa k~ ya Ihera H laJbe BepHO HcrpajarH Y 6op6H C _TYPI.(HMa... 0 TaJ OAIIYIVI ... .CTMO je uapa HapoAHH nYHOMoIiHHK, POAOJby6HIB H Upo. jeHonoJbClCO - apaACKH BJlIAHKa "caHje A-jaKOIR. OH Je DOAHeo Qapy .ontSy, A~ CpnclCOM HapoAY, ~ojH eTY npBoM peAY oCHrypa 'IpK.eHD HtlpOa no 1l0Ta.qawlheM o6HlfaJy, Ha "AlOI

1

cany, AOI( Cp6e cae nocexorue ... Ilpen THM HOBRM Y)lCleRH. 38,~HMa. rypcxe OCBeTe nOAH)I(e ce MHorH HapOA as pa8HHX ICpajeaa CpOH]e H nodesce Beorpany; a aa THM c naTpHjapxoM, B1U1JlllKaMa, CSeUJ1'eHCTBOM, MOHHMa cpnCKHX caerareaa, QpJ(BeHIIM CTBapHMa If Beli paaaje 03 Crape Cpl>Hje Ha6erJlHM HapOAOM H lheroBB.M 6J1arOM, npehe Casy H AYHaB, na HaCKOpo, nOCJJe naAa CMeAepeBa 14 Beorpana, Y3MaKHe lJaK AO CeHT-AfiJ),pHje aaure SYAHMa. - CaM narpajapx '" BenHKH aeo npeneraora HapoAa HHje MHcnllO CTaJ1HO OCTaTH y OBHM ~eMJbaMa. Crora cy ce OHH rOAHHaMa HaAIJIB oOBpaTKY HaCHO]a crapa oraaurra. AnH, AycTpHja je Y aero speae paroaana " C <l>paHl.\ysHMa aa PajHu, KYAa je H .Hore CpCSe nocnana, re HHje oliJIa xanpa na acrepa TYPKe HK H8 AOMr CpeM8 ..., Basara, a RaMO JIM na ]J.aJbe nponpe.

nOBJlOCUlU4e, xoie je u.ap JleonoJlA I. Aao CptSHM.a, npHBHJler~joM ott 21. aarycra 1690., OAHOCHJJe cy ce MaXOM aa CJlO()OAY npaBocnaBHe Cpncxe QpKBe nOA pHMOKarOJlHlfKOM aYCTpo-yrapCkoM HJTaw11y. Crora cy OHe OHJJe rnaBHH OCHOB HapoAHo-QPKBeHoj H npocaeraoj caaoynpasa y MHrponoJlltjH KapnoBa'lKoj. - TOM npHBHJlerHjoM nara je HaWHM npeTQHMa CJJo«SOAa spwe .. tSoroc~yme~a no npaBocnaBHOM cpncKOM Ha~HHy H YOOTpe'. e or xanesaapa: a narpalapxy a OCT3nOM csewTeacTsy A po. HI , rJla8HOM HCTa npaaa, Koja cy BManK • DOA Tao

aa np. onpeheao, Aa apXHeOHCKOOOM 0)1(1 nOCftlTa

xora Cpncxa Hapo,Q,Ho-qpKBeHH CaGop BI.lOeDe: u;pKBeHH CTapeWHHa MO)f(e cnotSOAHO )baTH D.pKBeHO - HapOAHH. *880 0 •

enacxone, HrYMaHe H CaeWT H H T. A. Ho nOA YPCKOM an··· .. ··l ... ,

TOBHa npaaa

• rpqcKY CUltOr.t'JIt.~fj;

QOTBPA

J I

6HJIO je THM HYH<HHje, UJTO je (jaw Ta a

Iwalu Y OHO ype~e",e Be.llHKa onacaocr 0)1 YHuje ... CTora OH

e npeTKlJa ,

aa CHe CTpaH tl.'f'beHe crape enHCKonHJe, a y t(paje~H .. a

YHR ynpa.rr.

np caera non hao 6poi Cp6a, YCTaHOBH HOse. TaKo y

HaTHO nose -

rile ce caaa 3... nopea ByduMcKe, TeMUWOQPCItO - RUROBCICe cpeAlboj YrapCI(OJ, d xe Eaucxouu]e, rrocrane <I BeJlUKO-BapuaC/(& H jCNOaOJbCKO - Apa c. . Y j' Y}f{H oj Y rapcxo], nopen BattKe H Bp-

EllUCKOUUJal E . X

- jeropCKQ M xasso- Curetacxa QapXUjQ" a Y PSaTCf(oj

Hwe ce If Y ... tr

tuawce, nOR , CeBepUHCKe, YCTaHOBJbeHa 014 "ap.llO-

._ cse p,OQHHje E

nopen Map'lQH , liKO-3pUIbOUU/bCKo-JJw·uca. aapXUja. To

H 1< octaajn« 95

8U~"o-Ce",cKU .II ononn 4. MapTa 16 . c 1'"M, Aa cTapa

Ype~etbe nOTBP.IlH uap E~anXUja OCTaHY naTpHjapxy, KOjH ltOll(e

It CpeMcKo ' r: C .'

CJlaSOHCKQ OpaXOBI1Qw Y JlaBoHKJH H:nH Y Marta-

H Y MaHacTHPY ....

CT3HooaTH. C AnH narpajapx je nOCTaBKO noce~He

CTMPY BpAHHKY y peMY'Hj'e a caM je CTaHOBao. nOHaj8Klue y

a re enapx ,

enHCJ(one H .3 e ie OH,Qa OWIO HajBHwe Cpt5a Ha oKyny (npel<().

Ce~T-AHAPHJH, rp. J re cpncxor uaponuor If(HBora. ,CnaKII.1YQH 12.000) H r.llaBHO cpe~:~'YBap3 Y CJlaooHHjH H Ce~yj ua ,~YHaBy .. aaltll" Cupa» K?P' . cy narpajapxy j ena H aa liP ytH.... 1695. It Y jYlf(HOj YrapCKOJ'6 KO!H epao cy My oAyaCTH, no rOOOlf(lIoelt npaBy 169M. r . .a,apoSaHI'J HJlM, aMO sparso speae npe6HB30. -_ Y aa-

[e y Ji,JfMa c

rpesera, re r uno ra je lIPlI(aBa It.eMy JlyroBlJla,

a oopa If AY , 6 n

MeHY aa T .. CBOjy CMpT 170 . r. CnaXHJlYK MQJb kOA

,AOOHO je narpHJ3Px6:lIe: 6PI(Oftl H SOPOBOM; na je ra] coaxll y Ocexa ca cenHMa

, pononsjcxo J(oopo.

H ~aHac; HT . (t 17(6) Haa6paH je aa HAeJtA:III.

PTH ApcemtJeae ,

Ilocne eM 6 PY 1708 Y MaHacTHpy KpYWeAOJIY

proM ca ) .

HMKa MY, H~ n "aKOBuh (t 1708). OH je r"HTpOnOJIHJ~ktJl.

AKKa Hcau}e /1,U} I K Hepadu« BaHKOBqe H 8na.,.nu

o M CBOj cnaxar Y ,

nO!CJIOH If • (paJ' eM X V III. s.) AP ala IfJI

je IlOUHHJe K

ra OTJCyna ~aBaJla KapnOBa'fK OM npUHKOM peWHO

lID •• Y AyeT Y ra CTaJW.

Hje cesepaor ,a;e.na Cpf5Hje (1718,-1738.), DOCJJe ~allcKe H Kapl108a'fKt'! M81'p6nOJlBje 1726. A OJ(

Cp6Hja nOH080 Aolje no~ TYPKe, CeABwTe CPOCItJlX P8lIOJIIrra

y Y rapcso] M XpBaTcKoJ HanaaK ce CTaJlHO Y Cpe CIOIM X.pno

I HMa. MH'fpOnOJUfTH J<ap.noaa'lJ(H o,q 1713. r. Hoce H HaCJIOB apxu nucsoaa CpaCKOl'. Taj HaCJlOB' OCHrypaH RM je 680 In qaptaco np

BHnerHjoM -0.0. ] 690., a nOCJIe nO)l(apeBa'lkOr Mapa 1718 HI 0

ra ie H nelicKH DaTpHjapx. Tel( o,q 1848. HOCIIJI ey ape

HTpOnOJIHTH H HaCJI08 rtampujapJCa. - Taj HaCIJOB AlAowe ~ponomf1'Y Paja'fHliy npe)lCraHHHQII CpnclCora Hapo • .., lIae

I M.aja 1~48. y Kapno8QHMa na CICybWTBRY, A& ce lOroaope WT.

' npeAyaMY Y o6paHY caoie HapOAHOCTJI OA Hac.JlBBX Ma\ap

na . j

Ilap 4>palba JOCH, I. nOTBPABo Je Ta HacnOB • OCT. BHO

C~KMa OCTa.llH. MHTpOnOnRTHMa ICapnOBa'f ,

J],YXOBHa 3QBUCHOCf1I Kapn08a'll(e MRTpO OJIlQe l

naTpKja'pwHje OAP>Kana ce Ayro H n?peA np IIII.e

CKHX ,o.p>KaBHIIX 8JIaCTK. ~opManHO Je KW 8JI }-be M .net eke naTpHjapwHje 1766., HMO je ......... "

paHHje npecraaa, - nOC.lle rora Q4"IIrpQ IIarDIdll,IQIUa.

C JbOM H ocraae CaMOCTaJlHe npuoCJJ

CpnCKY U.PkUY nOll aYCTp{)6yrap &lUUldIY

aaOHCHY It caMoynpaBHY MlrtpOD. __ IIIJJ 1:810.1.,.

4. >Ku.om Hapo80 ._".!I'II~

I 1

. ..apeB" secro Tpe6aJUf Cpne «ao oll.JUt'tHf'

A CTp.HJCKH cy 16XOBe MHoro6pojHe aaxrese AOCTa 'tecto

Y IfM H3 Ibn .

paTHlflle, na C HBHnerHje. nocneAlba Je norspaa 01J. l\apMlJ,e

nOTBP.~HB~J1Hlla~aH,e7~. ARK y MHPHO AotiaH CaM" ~y IJ,apeB". Map ue 1 epeslfJe. ncxe nOBJIaCTHIle. C'Pora cy Y TOJ HepaBHoj HacTojanH na OKPJob~ cp JlOB"H" XVfJ: a .• aopHcaHa caa nOJlHTIt'H<a 6op6H, Beli y OpsoJ. nOa a ~pKBeHa aHaTHG orpauaxeaa H U3Me-

C cxora Hapo,ll , Y 6 n

npasa pn . me naMeTHyToM UpKBeHoM peA OM - f.\eKiJapa-

lbeH3. liTa DB '6HJla je PHMorc3TOJIH'u<a AP>KaBHa BnaCT aaKOHTHjOM - O.1l1779. ADM npaBOCJIaBHOM QPKBOM, a nOBnaCnUte.

Halt uauro

elCY npeBnacT. 6 e .o.a cy ,IlOlJ,HHje caCBKM HanYWTeHe w-

ey raso nOTHcHyre UJ1,

aariopaHJbeHe. . . .

rorOBO· r 1694. naTpujapx Apceanje III., ype"ljY1YHH HapOil,IiH

Bet; op; 'HO Ie aaure nyra uapa, Aa ce Cp6HMa pac--

}KUBOT Mon

H UpKljeHH I • . e sa HaCeJbelbe noceouo aeMJbHWre y Cna.

. YrapcKOJ ,IlaJl, , •

JaHH~ [10 6allKoj H fiapalbH. Ty ltlo.n6y nOHOBHO le II

BOHUJH. CpeMY, C 60p Y KpyweJl.oJlY 1708. AnH AP>KaBHe IlJla-

UpKBeHo-RapoAHH a a ooeliaJIe He xrenoure ,Il.OnYCTHTH, Ciojelilf

cy TO Hcnps ,

CTIf, HaKO . "pU'\II"eHH H OKynJbeHH He OCHne H CTBope

Cp6H TaKO Y"",, J n ...

ee, ,Qa ce 1 11 QpKBeHO-HapO.ll,HH Ca6op, OJlP>KaH y TeMH.-

AP)KaBY ~ . .llP)l(:B:~HO je aacetiao aeMJbHWTr. sa Cpncxy HojBoAHHy, HJBap'y I (OO., P e 6H HHWTa. Tex KaJl,a je J 848. CpnCI<H

rora H ooeT H • .

aJlH OA . CpeMY CKOlfHO aa opyxqe Y o6paHY cBole

Hapoa y YrapCKoJ If orJIaCHO CpeM BaHaT H BalfKY aa BojBO.tJ.HHy

HOCTH H caa np I.

Hap.oJ). e ana CTe4JaHa lllynJbHKlJ,a aa BOjBOAY csora, nOTBPAHO

CBolY a ljeH P J CHCP I. CpnCKY BOjBOAHHY H Y CBOj HacnOB je H nap <Jlpalba Uo 80']'8000 CpUCKU. AnH je Ta BojBoAHHa aeh

. 0 THTYJIY BeJlUK • •

yae ra H npeaara Ma~apHMa, HaKO Je Haw nOJlM-

1861 KOHa'fHO yKHHY

. . ce cacrae re rO,l{HHe, aa noaaa QapcKora

T8lfKH ca6op, ltaJY .,

aoaeo 6HO H YeTaB sa CBOJY BoJBOAHHY·

.BOPI '" . . ~ It. ocn

C 68 no YrapcKoj H Cn8S0HHJH, Ben yup80 n

Pll.... 1699 paa,lteJheHH cy (JanH HI rpt:lHU'IQP'

prucor mapa "

119

UJI H KMemoBe; ,llO~HM CpCiH Y XpBaTckoj nOCTaAoWe CROPO call rpauaxapa, «ao H OBB WTO ce TptO AOCeJlBwe jow y XVI, • XVII. BeRY· Taxo [e OKO ABe TpeiiHtte Cp6aGHJlo y BOjHOj"' I(pajuHu., Koja je norrranana no,Q BJIaCT l{BopcKor Paraor CaaeTa y &'lY H Fpany, a re~' ieaaa TpeiiHHa OCTaJJa je y npOBUH'lujaIlY, nOA cnaxajaMa H yrapcKHM *ynaHHjcKHM H rpaljaHcKHM BJlaCTHMa. 11 jeARN H...J\pyrlf 6HJJH cy parapn, a )l(HBeJJH cy Y 3ClAPyraMa. 3cMJba y I<pajHHH 6Ma je napcsa, a Y nlloBHHqHjany coaxHjeRa. HpajuwHU14U cy aa !by MopanH- qYBaTH CTpa)l(y H8 KpajBBH H BOjeB3TH !IO C8UMa BOjJ:lHM nOJbHMa; a KMemOBU cy AaBaJlH cnaxaJaMa aecera H.JIH ,[leBeT}f neo nnoAa,. aa CnaXBJlYKY pat50TaJIR " [our ya to CHoelVIH CBc .'l.!)maBHe repere H TpneJIH TeWKe cnaxBjcKe rno5e H KenpaSJJ,e. 3aTO je KMeTCKH )lUtBOT lIeCTO nyra 6HO O'lajaH, re cy M~orH 6eramt H Y TYPCKY M.IIH ce oQ.MeTaJlB y xaj,ll,YKe H ,lI,HaaJIH xpsaae YCT~Hr(e nporaa oe3AYWHHX cnaxaia H ILHXOBBX ,{HHOBHHKa. A rpauasap» sonena cY It YMpeTH Hero .'1H KMeTOBUa nOCTaTH) rc ~y ce csaraa o'lajHo (5paHBJIH KaAa cy Maljap'! H XpBaTH Ha,cTojanM, ,[la ce l{pajHt;~ YKHtiy Ii KpajHwHHQH nOABprHY rpahaacxoi BnaCTH. Crora je 0,1\ 1151.-1 ,~~_ nnexo 100.000 Cp6a, no,Q B01jCTBOM csoiax BHWHX o4JHcapat oraumo ' y Pj"~R~V,l KaAa je uapaua MapHja Tepeaaia, na HcnYBH 06e'tathe AaTO MaljapHMa, uapenaaa YKHAafbe ienuora nena BojHH'IKe Kpaj8He no Cpe Y. .6a'JKoj " EaHaTY.

Cp6H Y KpajHHH OMB cY OAJIH'IHH BOjHN,,'" re ey Hor.

nopen CBHX CMeTlha. jYHaUiTBoM R AapOBRTOW Y Dooen8 ce

HajBHwHx BOjHH'IKHX 'IaCTH; a Meljy O •• CIIPH .. Uewe II

nHKHX POAOJby6a H aaWTHTHHKa Bepe H IIlpOAB .ie MHoro Bawe Y T"HRB Bepy aary(5 0 cao], - KpajRH8 je Ko .. a.. 0 y

TOBH Y r JlaBHO B y o.,-iG8111H8

172 .... -1730.) If BulienaJuje jOBQH08Uli (1731.-1737.).OtUt

v. ". cy nPe

#:!pa1'HnH nalf<tby na H3jB3mHHJer lfKHKoQa -- aa I1QPo .

caera Oil. xU)c/{o

iencmeo Ii nacrojaaaxy. na ra npocBeTe II nO,LUtrH cecuuu Y, Aa

uno ycneuiaaje paJHJTH J\lo}t(e y Hap~AY, na cy My npomlcamt k

Uno no KojHMa liMa Aa BOAh CBOJ nptIBaTHJI If jaBlHf ".11 ..

npas ,'( · . b' ""l'.FfOl

(1724. ~ 1733.) Y TUM rrpaHHllHM3 ?ApelJYje ce H OOJII1J( OJleJJa'

. araCHTO nnaso I..(pH KO}l(Hll nojac If T • .Q. A ifapOLl'r6 .

JlY ro, ;:I, -' .. 1'1f!t\

6aMa CHHO,llCJ(HM It ca60pcKHM aaJ(JbYQl(HMa, YCTaJ'aJl" oJl.pe.a I .. cy

nporaa peJIHrHjcKo-MOPaJIHHX nenccraraza, npasHOBepJ1l{a H P~aBHX

iiapO,llHHX o6HtJaja, WTO ce YBYKowe y rOTOBO nOtJ,HBJbaJHt ffapOD, H3U1 aa rypexora rocrronapcraa, OHJ.I cy .llaJhe °APe.Q J1 JUt. Aa Ce y CB3KOj napoxaja nO~HTHe upxaa, 3JIH He HHCl<a It Te.CHa OA nJJe~ Tepa If JtPseTa xao aa Typaxa, Hero WTO aena, nenwa n 3HAaJfa; a sa I(pKBe na ce Ha6aBe 3~OHa H HY>f:<He CTBapH, re nOCTaBe ryrop« If YBe.l(Y IHhHre, y xoje l1e ce ynHCHBaTH ,u,aHJ1 BNf "f alba, xpurrersa If CMPTH, MIfTponO.fJHTCKH H eI1HCKonCJ<H eraapc» O(hfJ1a_ 3nn" cy qeCTO CBemTeHCTBo H aapon re ra nOYIJaBaJIH, caBerOBaJJI{ H nonpaarsann: a aa nOCTOBa WUJb~HH cy HapOLfHTH HCf(YCHtf AYXOBHHQH1 )J.3 acnoaenajy If noysasajy HapOA.

Pa.QHJJO ce H aa 110npaBl{H }KHBOTa MOHaUJKor, re cy 1733.

U3.QaTa IIpaSU.Ila H sa I(a/lyljepe~' onpeseno je .yje.QHo, .Qa AtaHaCTUPH Mory OUTH caao KUHOBUje, rne je CBe aajeJ{HHIJKO, a HHnoJUTO UOUOPUllIMU, r~e CBalOI KaJlyijep HMa caoje HMalbe H H3ltP>KaBathe. Tana je 6HJJO jow nOHelIITO If :JICeHCKUx .MaHacraupa H Kany~epHua. - Y CpeMY je OHO >KeHCKH MaHacTHp Cmapu joaQK; y ClIaBoHujlf 6erne llaJ1y1jepHua KO,u MaHaCTHpa naKpe H OpaXOBUlft, a y XPB3TCKOj KOt{ MaHaCTHpa KOMorOBUHe. l<a~a cy OJ{ 1771_ J 779, [10 Ha.IJOry AP>t<aBHHX BlJaCTH, J 2 MaHacTHpa HaWHX YKRHYT t HeCTaJlO je H KaJJy~epHua.

MHTponoHHT BHheHTHje noxyurao je 1736. ~a yseAe -~' ... n •• ~YX08HU Cyd y Cpea. J{apnoBU~Ma H Mane ,aYXOBHe CYODBe /(OIUUCrIlopuje no CBKMa enapxajaaa; ana cy OBH orR" 6111M TeK), APyroj nonOBHHH XVIU. B. Jow j

60pRe QPIC8e, peaH4eHqaje a WKOJIA .

OOJI:flJfl&:Y Y Y

2

Tea J(a,lJ.a je 1749, AOwao sa npecro KapnOBa'lf(Hx MIITpcmOJlIITa IbHXOB y'leHKy. K peBHOCHH nOMoliHHK - rettepaJittH eraa.pXnQ8l1e HeHoooBufi (1749.-1768.), IlpeHY ce oner Oa{)HJbaH H CMHWJbeH pan Ha nOJIHSalbY H ypeijen,y peJ1HrMjeKo-MOp8nHOr H QPKBeHonpOcseTHor )J<HBOra y MHTponoJlMjK KapJlOB3'fKoj.

He.tiaAOBRIi je 0.llMax noruao CTonaM3 CBOjHX IteJIHlntx Y'iHT.e.'ba K Ut)tJOBHO, YTSPAHO If ycaBpWHO IbHXOBe YCTaHOBe. A 3Hajyiill Ao6po, Aa je 8eJ1HKa CMeTfba IJ paAY Ha KyJlTYPHOupOCBeTHOA\ no,qHaatby HapoAHoM Hec)'awHQa MaTepHjanHMx cpen-

rasa OCHOBao je npe caera /(/lUPUKOnHU anH IllKoncKu tPOHO,

C , •

y Koja nopea Fbera npHlIaraxy enacxona, MaHacTHpM H rJJaBHHJM

JbYAH U3 Hap-ona .... 6 Taj 'POHA HaHOCH nanac OKO 5 MltnHjoHa K. II floJl,MHpyje M:uore npoeaerne nOTpeCie HapOAa nauier. "3 Iberoae

CTaBHHe OCHOBao je HapO,ll.Ho-u,pkBeHH CaCioJ) 1769. jeAaH APyrH

o ~ .

<PoHJJ., TaKO 38aHH HeapuKocHoBeHu 'PoHd, Y KOIH H naaac HAe

jeAaH nee OCTaBHHe .MHTpOnOJUtT3, ~nHcKona H APyro, re H8HOCH TaKo~e OKO 5 MHJlD]. K. H nOAMHPYIf nnare eOMCIConMMa. Kao H Jl.pyre L\pKSeHe norpede. - TaKO je HeH8AOBHIi. ynapMO OCHOS AaHaUHbHM HapO)l.HO-~pK8eHMM <l>OHAOBHMI '. ?H ie carpaAHO If Be..1fHKY ca60pHY L\PKBY y KapnOBQHMa. kOla Je HeAIBHO OCSHOII}beHa 11 neno yxpauieaa : a H3 OCHOBa oftHoaHo je H JK ~ 0 MaHaCTKp Fprerer, KOjH je T&Aa jow (510 MII1'POOOJlRj kO oCSpo ..

Ileo YHYTpaUUhH H cnOJbaWIb. )l(HBOT p eKe QprcBe y

J{apOOBaliKoj MHTpOnOJlHjH, rOTORO 'f1l'l'aB BeK. OCRM 0 Ha npHBHnerajaMa, OnlUTJlM ltaHOMCR •• npon CHU, II&JIQ~_~H •• RPM'IMjM, H HI ueKOBIIM8 YTBp'eHO 1~pK8e. nQCe~He KlKOBe Y Ad

HapoAKH CafSo cy' .~V"'UI"

MeHa R 'tporu

Jbydw80r ".,eta ....

B~O Hom : .... ,Y·

xMja.

12

J 770. je,llHY ype1l6y sa MHTPOnG.lJH~Y J{apJIOBalfI<YJ no ua)l3Jle Pe /lQMeHUJ. Ta ypeA6a ya6YHRJfa je CHJIHO HaUl Ifapo It

HMeHOM ry aaKlbylJQH caoopa caCBHM H3Melht::·HI OliJJ" If .q,

iep cy sora C· Ha ..

. HUe rpAHO OKplbeHe. rora je APlKaBHa !UlacT 611 _

pO,!\He nQBJl3CT 6' A '. Jlet

a A3 nOByqe Ty ypeA Y, re re pXHlepeJckoM CI'HO.Q,

npMcWbeH Al"'uO.BY Hose ype.a.6e H3 npernen J.f npHMea,(')e. (HloOY n peAana V-I . ... • • II.

. 1PU')l(HOCT, ana BJIa,lJ.a He YCBOJH tberOBe npHMell('i

y1fHlfH CBOJY IV ,. it J\ e,

Beli H3A3 11.77. HOBM Pery.naMeHT, KOJII join Be. Ma nO~H}f{e 0YHy

aKO ria [e K KpB nana. 300r Tara je YKHHYl'a 111"'p

y HapoAY T· ,~ on _

11 CKa 1JenYTaQlfja H CPOH nOHOBO IlOT:UftbeHH ABOPCKO

CKa ~80p p. . 11 ' lJ' • -

ParHOM CaBeTY H YrapCKO] ~~OPCKOJ .l'..aHqeJIapOjJ1. nOBY'ieH Ie

. pyra PerynaMeHT. re Je 1779. H3AaTa HOBa ype,!J.oa nAil

If OBa] A ..., "'J\

JtMeHOM /1.eKJ1apamopuj(J, lby re Haw aapon CH.')o.\1 IlPli:lnka

Mopao 11a npHMl-J, r1allO je It. OHa CHJlHO Ol<plbHJIa nOBJJaCTl-fl(f<a npasa Cpncxe UpKBe II Hapoua. Tana cy .YK~:;TH 11 H3MelbeHK MHorH o6HlfajH crape Cprrcxe Ilpeae. TaKO Je d ... ,_ rano I1YXOBH"~I;at ersapaxa, KanybepHQa; YKHHyTH c~ MHorH rrpa3HH~H " T. ;l. A nocne rpa rOAHHe (1782,) "gallina je nocerina ype,D,o(\, U03Hara nOA HMeHOM /(oH9ucmopujaJluQ CU~l11eAfQ. - OHa CaAPJi<M nponace 0 EuapxujcKUM /(OHSUCUlopUJQMa H 0 BeRU1(OAl o.YXOTUfOM Cyay) TaKO asaso] AUeJl{,1T110puju, xao npH3HBHoj anacrn H r. t. HexH neJJOBH fbeHl jow H nauac Ba)f(e.

Taxo MnrponoJlHja l{apJlOBaliKa AOCht csoje npso YL'mpojCC1JI:JO, no KOMe je opaaa na y~ewaBa )f{HBOT rryaax neaenecer rO'[UtHa (1779,-1869.). - OA TO .o.06a HaCTYlJa HOBIt }l(HBOT Y oso] 14P- 1<8eHoj O()JIaCTH uauroj, re ce rronarano uanyurrajy H aa60paBJbajy MHore TpaAHUHje Crape Cpncze QpJ('Be~ a opHMa MHoro HOltlJr no;.t YTHllajeM Banana H PYCHje ...

3a TO apexe Haj3HaTHHjH Vc.X~· MHTpOnOJlHTH eme;, CfllpalllUMupoBulJ (1790. - 1836.) H JocuifJ Paja'lu#t (

1861.). f!P!H C~ O,,\nHKOBao OC06HTOM cnpeso H 0 BOJlH"t

DpuocnaBJb}" re Ct: 6pHHYO aa npocsery caeurr CT PO ••• OCHoaao je H 90HA sa rp8AlbY .'RQ.-' y ICapno8qBMa, KOjy je TeK naTp_-._. __

, .. IV- 907) carpww - 0 j

MeHa, AOHMe AO OWTPHX cYl<o6a H3Meljy npeACTa8H_ ... oe Hapolla, KO]H ce noxeure OTHMaTH 0 npeBJIaeT y ~PKBe1lO ,'1Ift1".

ROM >tOfBOTY· - Ta je 6op(Sa noaena MHoro WTeTe QplC8ll a

HapoollO-'lPKflenU Caaop H CUHOiJ 1864.-5. ,flOHeme BOBJ UpKBetfO-Hapop.HY ypeA6y, KOjy je 1868. I.\ap DOTBpJUlO ya Be

lf3MeHe. To [e "03HaTO Rpanescxu Pectcpuam, Koja je 8 0

lleKnapaTopHjy, Te ce no lbeMY H AaBae yopa8Jh. Ilpne npOCBel'HH )l{HBOT uapona aaurer Y MHTponoJlHja KapJIOBa KO'

5. ApxujepejcKu CUHOOU u ll.PKBeHo-napoiJHu CatJopu. - Haaco

cy Ii npax MHTpononHTH JJ.P>KaJlH rOAHwa,e ApxHjepejCKe CaGope HnH CHHo,!).e HHey ce OHK MHoro o(5aaHpanH aa aaKJbY1fKe 1WIX0Be no nOBnaCTHu.aMa, H no o6H"IajuoM npaBy AOHeweHOJll ea BanIWla. OHM caMH 6exy <iJaKTHlJKH rocnoaapa Y QPK8 •• TeK AOqBJtje, a HapOlJHTO OA APyre nonoaaue XVIII. a, no'l •• y CBBO.u.B la AoG - aaiy CBe aauie yrauaja KaKO npa Ha60py en.ClCODa, TalCO II D H pewaBalbY apyrax npenaera upxeeaora )KaBOTa.' Taaa i DO ena

na nana a YTOKpaTCKa BnaCT MHTpOnOJlHTOBa; ana je IlPlK 8JI

OAM3X no-rena nacroiara, aa npHcBojH ce6B WTO Bels. y v CMHOAY· Crora je 1760, oApeljeHo, Aa ee HK CaRol ~AP}l(an{ oea HapOlJHTOr uapcxor AonYWTea.a; a AOQ.Iillle j

HOM YTBpijeHo, na H aa CHHOACKHM ceAK opa n:DJlIWC9r»IIL'.

uapcKH nYHOMotHHK - KOMecap. AenoKPyr

saao CBe .0.0 HajHoBHjer 8peMeHa; T oC1arro

~eCTO ,ll,oraljano, Aa je CaHoA pew 0

AeJlof(pyr UpKBeHo-HapoAHRX CafJop HapaJJ.Ho je enacxonar, ca naTpHja,DXC'.

(1908.-1913.), npao CIHOACKO y·cnloJe ..

Cmauzyfll, KOjH je Te ro~

Ba)l(aH II. .. .. ,

KapJlOBa'lKe 8 OCS:_ •• a

IJ)JKoeHHX npeJJ,CTaBHHKS, a AO~HHje je nOCTelJeHQ YlUJIO y ~ yaaKofLeHO, .aa nopen apxnenHCKona H eOHCleon! ()YAe caMo ~~j. rpetiHHCl caeurrenaxa, a ABe Tpe1=iHHe CBeTOB~aJ(a. TaAa Je JAil. H CT3J18H 6poj caeopcrorx nl'CnaHIfKa. To je YlfHlhelfO nOAPe~elt

. • ~ . P811 n"",

aa Ca60p OJ! 1749" xana ie IHlpe,)eHo J.1,a HMa 15111'8 CB .I'

nOC.1<I"""3 II TO: ~5 C~eLllTeHHI(a, 25· ~r!l~cllpa KPajHwHHK:r: ~5 rpa~3Ha npOBHHQHJanaQa. tle~napaTOPHJa Ie TO KOHa'lHO Y3aKOHItJI; re [e TaKO ocrano AQ J.1,aHac, caao WTO ce, OJ( YKIf.l(alba I< '

j'HHe MeCTO 25 oejJJfCHpa OHpaJIO 25 cBeToBlbalCa t5ea O(iab Pa"Pa Ha CTanem. Cse cy nOCJJaHHKhe Hcn~Ba HMeHO~aJUf H n03RBaJlJ{ caMIf

MHTpOnOJllfTH H e~Hc~OUH 0 ~BOJ~M enapXHJaMa, 06HttHO liajYr.1le~ HHje JbYJle. tlOQHH)e Ie npaao HB:-,opa aaro CBHAla CTilJJe)f(H~a no

.enapxHjaMa, )la caMH ce6H 6HpaJY npe)lCTa8HlIl(e; )101( Ie ua60Pltu

Pea aa Cpncsa HapOAHO-ltPKBeHH Ca6op, ROj" je qap 1871

75 " no ..

TIlPluro, YCT3HOBHO, 113. CORX nOCJJaHHKa 6HpalY CBeWTehft~~.

H (BeTOBHH 6Hpa'iK 3ale}(HO, no HapO'fHTO OApe~eHHM ua60p

• fA C 6 H8M

cpeaoaaaa y enapxajaaa. - ¥J a op Ayro BpeMeHa HJtje JII .•

n . ~~

raxao O.LtpefjeH )),eJJOKpyr. PHH nYT YIJHlbeHO je TO Y ~el(JIa •

C 6 Y· pa

TOpUjH 1779., a KOHalJHO y a OPCI<OM CTPOJCTBy OA 1875.

lto aauac je OAP>KaHO 47 l103HaTHX HaM Car>opa, OA I<ojllx ey ) 9 MM3RH rJlaBHH aaaara« .o;a Hsa6epy MHTponOJUfTa; a CBII ocraaa OilBR}Uf cy ce peUJa83lheM paaaax HapoAHO' QPl<BeHMJC, na H 'IHCTO HapoAHKx nOJlHTlfllKHX nHTaa.a. Me~y pacnpilBHMM Ca- 60pHMa HajBa)f(HHjH 6eure oHaj OA,1769., lfHjH aaKJLYlf41f noCJIy_ )t(HUJe sa OCHOB H /l,eKnapamopUJu OA 1779.; If oua] o,q 1865 'fujI{ :;:IaKlbY'll(H y1joUJe y /(paJbesCl{u Pec"puUUl 014 1868. Ba)l(l .. je 6Ho " Ca60p 1790., I<OjH je ))'p>KaH y TeMHwBapy, an" lLero~1I aaKlbyLJl_4H HHey HJfKaA Y H<HBOT npHBe){eHH, "aKO cy Ae.qHMR H uapcxy nOTBp,l\Y .l106HJrK. -. Taj Ca60p HMao ie BHwe IIU4'II1):l.~

He ro upKoeHH xapaxrep. Bascaa je 6HO H nOJIRTH'IKH '_'IUW:LJ

)f(aH y 6ajH [our 1694. Hsera cy caasaaa narpHjapx ADeElRlli1a noaaoieoaajoeaa MOHacTHpJlHja. PaaHJJO ce Y .. eMY Jlora, 0 ca6Hpaa,y pacejaHHx Cp~a no YrattCKlDJ IhHXOBY no CpeMY, CJJaaoHHju, Sap. H H

Ca60pH (SHnK MajcKa C19' 'IIa

If .... ,.. p. H .,'CTI.U

Oa Ilpsor H36opHor. Caoopa Y KpyweAOJIY 1708 cy uapCKH xoxecapa aa CBHMa caCSopHMa HaWKM yeK .•• _ .. _

H~~ • ~

caoopa pacnpasaax OAP>KaHO Je oea u.apCKora 1(0. cap

Ca60Pli cy o~piKaHaHH ,aeitHHoM y ceAHwT,Y MHTpOnOJlH1'08y' Be

.... , "HO' Y R'aTe.llpaJ1HOj U.PKBH, a J(OQHHJe Y paSHa. ae B. npca IlO~h '

CTop~jaMa. Y HOBHje speae carpaijeH Y KapnOBu.K~a HGfJOI,

.. t ca HapOLJHTOM cat)opCKOM ABopaHOM. Y OPSOl oon:08IIBK

~~ . C~

XVIlI. H., a HeWTO H Jl,oQHHle, aoopa cy CJJY*HJIII

nOJlHTHMa «ao CHa}f(aH ocnouau y 06pauH, BPJlO 'teCTO Kp

HapOJl,HMx H ~pKBeHHX nOBJIaCTHl(a, re cy ca IbRX W ... ns

HHX, ~

MHoro6pojHe TY>KOe H aapoaaa KaaCJIaHCTBa y De ... Aa Tpuce

aawTHTY npOTHB paauax nospena. Crora cy DPBH MHTPODOJI.'I'II MHoro AP>KaJlH AD Caoopa H HajbHwe cy nOMOrJlR Aa ee Ca60p osaxo .paaBHjy. - Ho AP)I(aBHe BnaCTH OMeT8JJe ey YleK PQ HaWHX Ca6opa; na KaJl,a ce jow ycneno, Aa ce paenapa CSopG. Ha ,

jcpapxHje K CReTOISHOr eaexeara 0 npesnacr, Aowno •• 0 Tori

ey MHont Ca60pH 6HBaJiH BHwe Ha WTeTY aero Pit

aa

UpKBe H H a poaa ...

6. 6op6a C pUMOKamOllWlKOM u uPOcutClJltlHllft:ICOM -INRI-

;)0 u - Kao WTO cy Y Xp8aTCKoj. nOMoily l,lUI8

rano ~,., .

pHMoJ(:aTOJJH'iKM 6HcKynH CBRMa ckJJa.a HaCTOIU _10111 ....

Cp6e noyaaiare, lfHHHJJH cy TO HetO R Y

HJ'H lfHM cy H3 TRK aeM8Jha Ty DD1m.ll111;

HI.

ycneJUI cy, ua npHBeAY· Y YHUlI on

JloHrHHa PajHha, a aa THM Iber088 II .........

crapa Opaxoaaue y C"aBoHltjH H J":" ••

HrYMaHa rpa60Ba'tKor Y pa

HHX npeACTaBHMKa. YHlIIlIIIII .. ,.'II ••

Y nelfyjy. Itt Arora npew Flpasocn caeIUTeH"A.

CBOjH

126

'faK y XpBaTCKY H 6HO Y MaHactHpHMa JlenasHHH H M

(5 ap~"

ITOI{aayjytiJf uapcxe nOBJIaCTKlle, OAPHOH xpa6pHO hapo I re

OCTaHe sepan npaOOCJIaSJhY· 11 CBe JlHCTOM npHcraJ),e y A, 1.ta

P a Ibera

TeK ncaeurro oAMeTHY ce caCBHM y HMOk3TOJlHlUTBO. He ,a

BpaTH sawe YHHjy Meijy Cp6e HK HOBR OTnatJ,HHK apxu no, .Jlerposale JbytiH6paTJlfi, KOjH je 1693. nocrao YHKjaTcKH MaKJJ,PJf1'

. Ilo, C 6 . BJlaAlfl(a

aa CpeM H waBoHHJY· paSOCJlaBHH P 11 Y CJlaBOHltjH

HyTK naTpHjapxoM H POAOJbYOHBHM KaJJyqepKMa, orop~eH'o DOlak_

.. ce JUt

rowe nporas l1eTpoHHJ3 H YHHJe, re aa CBOMe aoopy Y I<a -

MfliCl\o'

proO. aaKJbYLJHille, p;a lie csaxor 1(0 npHcTYIIH YHHjit KaM J

efulCa1'H H Kytty My ca aeMJbOM cpaBHHTH, CKa~ urro cy ~ HeKOJlHfCO rOJUUta

ape rcra H y'lRHHJJH np3BxOCJIaBHH. puR caTYHBJaTHMa y MaplfaH_ CKOM BJlaAHQaHCTSY y psaTCKOJ... - aKO OA YHHje Hawra, a caa Jhy6H6paTltii nozaja ce npeA CMpr CBOj'y H n He OH

~04 . . OB~n

ce y Ilpasocaaaee, re I, . 8 peaUAeHQHJ a lberona y Ila

.. ~paQY

J(oije Y PYKe rrarpajapxoae, I(OJ8 oaaax nOCTaOH raxo aa n

C .h . n paBO-

CJIaBHOr BJlaAHKY O",pOHHJa O]:tropHlJaHkHa.

AJIH pHMCKH. 611CKCYI6IH H ApmaBHe MaCTK HHey HanYCTH.lIe

Macao, Ita noyilHJ8Te p e, H CBRMa MoryiiHM Ha'lHHHMa

VIII' '.' Kpaa

ueo X. B., HaCTOJaJlH cy, Aa TY CBOjY HaMepy HaB~AY. CTora

cy caasca npHJIHKOM KPfbHJIH nOBJlaCTHJJ;e HapQJ),He H If aCTO .

Jt:.. '. • n JaJlH

,a;a paauHJY Je,lJ.HHCTBeHY opraHH3allHJY pasoCJJasHe Cpncl(e Q '

M . K . n . PleBe

y HT)}OnOnH~H apJfOB~qK~J. - aTpUJapxy cy 1701. aa()paHH.1lM

HaCJJOB n.~TtJHJapauJlCHI jep Je MMnoHoBao; aJI" cy ra ()pao noBpaTKJJH, "HAl cy IfM Cpl5H YCTpe6aJ1H npOTHB. PaKOl(HjeBHx YCTaHRKa (1703.). Y OOWTe, Cp6a cy yseK MHPHHJH 6MH R8Aa J'e M

• • I< #t 0-

HapXHJa p~ToBaJJa, jep cy HM :peuaJle xpaope MHwHqe cpnclQlX

<:HHOB3, KO]H cy aa nosaa CHOJRxenUCKona H c8ewTeHHk8 xpnu

y (Soj. MHalfe cy npaBOCJJaBHHM caeurreaauaaa OJlyaHM8JJ1 H ,/. HHTer (ooBJIaCTHqe) H rOHflJJH HX, ~a Choce CBe TepeTe 1<10 ~eJhal(H; AOK ~y ?OYHH!8iieHHM CSeW'leHHqHMa AaBaJlR Harp csa npasa, KOJa Y)I(Jla8JY .H pHMOKaTOJlR'IKH CaeW4'eHllqa. • RBUB cy aHAafbe H o(SHaBJhaJt.e QPQ8a (5ea aapo'_ .... - • TIAa cy J'tanarull,- A8 ce HMajy rpQRTB Y PlUlOIlTfl_1I

CleO. 6apOltHOM emuy, - aadpa yjyla

"Ill xydeTa ,- 1(11(0 d. C "INII.I. DD.ru • .;!

'll

UpKBe, a 6HJlO je PHMCKHX CBel1lTeHH~a. HBCY oy.wTUB npoocnaBHe cseWTeHHKe na KpCTe, BeHlfaBaJY H APyre otSpe,. .pwe n-pauocnaBHHMa, Hero cy cae TO CHJlOM H3BPWHBaJlH no CBOMe o6peAY PHl'tlCKH CBeWTeHBI.tH. Y MeWOBHTHM 6paKOBHMa CBa cy Ae"a .MopaJ1a 6H'fn PHMOKaTOJlHlJ;H; na cy 3()or rora name QPRleHe B.'1aCTH aa6palbHsane MelllOBHTe opaKOBe. HH CY)I(lbBMa y TaMHHQY tH(CY nyWT3JH1 npaSOCJTaBHe caeurreaaxe, 'te HX je H Ha rydH· JJl.1111Te nparao PHMCKH .IlYXOBHHK. Ha BOjCIJ.H cy rOHIIJI. npaaoCJlaBtie BojHJIKe Y PHMCKY IJ.PKBY H nosonaaana UX PHMCKH CBeWTeHHI\H. JaSHe qpKBeHe CBeqaHOCTH H aoureae JJHTHje 00 rpaAOBHMa CTporo cy 3a6paJbltB3JlH; a cpncxe aaBaTJlHje rOHRnB ey, AI Y'IeCTByjy y PHMCKHM nponecaiaaa H uoce caoie aaAPYlKHe - uexOBCKe 6ap]aKe. fOHHJlH cy AaJbe cae npaaoCJJaBHe Cp6e, Aa cseTKYJY H pHMcKe upaauaxe, A KO 6B npHMHO YHHjy HIIH PHMCKY l;Sepy TOMe ce Y cBeMY "lUJlO aa PYKY - TaKOBH O+KCllpa uanpep,OBaJ1H cy MHoro nasure H 6oJbe, a ceJbaQII B npOCTIl BOjHHqH ~e}beHH cy Oil. oua H t5pa\;.e H AO()HBaJiH ()OJba ,o.eo; KpaBQIt, a aaPO"lMTO cBelUTeHHQ;H, oCJI06a1jaHH cy TaAI KaBRe H T. A Y IlaoBHHuHjany HHKaKas Ilnaaocaaaaa BRje Morao (SHTII npUJlaeH Y AI))K3BHY cnYH<6y, a 1723. " 1741. nOHOBJbeHH cy ft. YrapeKoj AlljeTH crapH a3KOHH, Aa y Xpaarcxo] H 'CnaBoHBja ,caliO P 01( GIIII'_ Mory OMT" nOCeJl,HHI\H BeMaJba H BJlaCTMa Ya TO "BDrII. ~,DOJiI •• OCPHCHpHMa H CeJbaI\HMa, Hoja cy ce y PI1'OIBUli ()COOHTOM xpanpoursy, H sa TO 0.0. ~.pe8a AoGIIttIUlil

J1,HDJIOMe, HHCY )f(ynaHHjcKe CKYnWTHH iTta IIPI._ MHticKa npasa AOK (Sap YHHjy He opal. HajHMyttHHjHX JbYAH npewno y P--'~I\,J

crape xpS8TCJ<e, cnaBOHCK H MI1.11 .

11 paltOCJlaBHH xoae naCTBY CB jy,

HOBonOC8e H rOIl" •

J28

cn88HH KaTHXHSHC... Taaa cy fJcHHYTH H CBH CpnCI(H

C C· . " . HapOAltlf

npaaaana, OCHM B. aae : CM3fbeH re uPOJ CBeWTeHH'"

K . xa, oeli"

sane cy HeMa'fKe Wf(OJle no paJHHH IS Y ILHX cpnCl<a ..

, AeQa ra-

lheHa; na je Hapo,Q, aa CBe TO, KaD .R !fa CB8Ky Ilpyry H080Ta .

C HenOOfpe1beM fJle1\aO " TYMalfHO Je KaQ KOpaK tiJIH)f(e YHHjlf~ Crora HaUlH nperua HHey "TelIH ~tl npHMe' tHl. YBaljafLe 'H08ar ·J(a .. neH,a;apa, 3 HH n3THHHUY Y ursone, xana 8M je TO, Kpaje", XVIII

H noqeTKOM XIX. B, ,qpwaB3 HaMeT3J1a; na cy ce 6YH •

HJlH If nporus sapeaee, na ce MpTBallH uoce y aaTBopeHHM K08U

. 06 . . -.ealtMa

H aBKonaBaJY Y rp Jba BaH cena, a He xpa] 4PKaBa, If T . .11..

Haw" MHTpOnOJlHTH H, enaceona MManH cy rpAHC MVl<e

6panefiH U.PKBY H Hapon elmJ OIl CBHX 1'UX paaHHX BaCH}b •

6 t.,. • a, le

cy MHore Mecelle npOBO,lJ;HJlR y ellY, Tpa}KenH KOA P,Bopa aatlJ1'HT

H HOBY nOT8PAY nOBnaCTl1l1a. A QpKBeHO-HapOJl,HU Ca6op ... n Y

.. OMarami cy ax Y TOMe peBHOCHO 51 IUHJb3JIK cBoje H3aCJI3HHK

Bes C MHor06pojHHM TY}f{OaM3 M3 C8Hjy Kpajeoa HC\ H"np e y

I ~ aUAe

IUTO cy UX lfHHHJlH PHMCKH 6HcKynH It 1l~)KaBHe BJlaCTH npaBOClIau_

HHM CpQHMa, ?POTHB CBMX l(apCKHX 1l0BJiaCTUI.(a H IlpaSAE.'. AnH

je H TO JlOltHHJe aaopafbeHO. .

Te« C JJ,onaCKOM ka rrpecro uapa jocltcpa II, (1780 -1790) cBaH},})" cy Mano (10JbJt J(aHH I1paUOCnaBHIiIM Cp6HMa " tbHXOB·' UPKBH y AYCTpo-Yr3I1cKoj. rberou Toleranz Patent OA ]781. J\a:~ HM CJJOOO,lly aepe, a YrapcKH Ca60p OA 1791. 11 rpatjaHCf(a npaua re MaJ10 naayrne AYW<?M. AJln je If 1I0CJIe rora jOlIJ ayro BJ1e~ xeaa Ta paauonpaauoc r CaMt tj.opMaJ1Ha 'I1JJa. /(P>i alma 8JlaCT aacroiana jc n tla.lbe aa Ylmjol\1 re cy YHHjal CI<It enHCKOIiH cpnCIOI y I{pwiI<e81.(IfM3, PYMYliCKH y BellHKOM BapaJty 11 PYCHH~lm y MYHI<alfY, :~omH1aJllf neJlHKC ce rc uosaua sa IIpUUaraHJlY CT ra je POltOJJ,y6H.HU MHTr>onr }lJrT lTpaTWi\B1pOHHl1 17\18, y ne'lY Hep-

fH'IHu lIaCTOJao, ,.1a ce KOWtljHt) yKltHC ;l3HaJhe H08'1aH nOMoh

OHHMa KOjU npHMe ymtjy, jep HHa'fe CptlH HHKaA MHpa "

A KaAa MY je ':lap <l>pafba I. (1792 1832) npH H t

8aTH HajBHlue sacroin aa n JYHHjaTH HJlM nopH It oaaso nojR seaa H81UHK c PYCHjOM, OAroBopHO MY JUff: ,,48 ce He TJ)e6a 60jaTH TIIK Beaa lreo H

111ft aKO HaM OH.l1C He IIH AolJpo dllJlO, .,

qH n a HJJH aHOSep" C 8

.. j ... I...,..

129

c.8eU.JTe1lKUKMa (JJacOBaJ(, llitcaHHQa AHWHRK n

) A XIX ' J oraH~ "pro eae

It AP·· Y OOJlOBHHH • B., aaY3HMaibeM MHTPOD

narpHjapxa, Paja'lHHa AonYWTeHo je Aa H PJlMOKaTnn o.nHTa, AOI(BlQer

, "",.RltH Mory npeilit

v npaaOClIaBJbe; re OA TO .o.06a MMoro BRwe ibM

~ero HawKX Fe thUMa. - TaKO ie 1899 v Ba'lKOXJ" np~a8H Ie Halla

1 000 • H ]eAlfo 'IlITlao

eeno, ca npexo ayura (CaHToBO BBwe COM#( )

C t< oopa PlUlol(a-

TOJUf'lKHX poa, raeo 3BaHHX WOKatta npHMIIJ1 n

Itt c upOme,ClllQHCllCKOM nponaraHA~M HAian 0 paaoc.naBlhe

. H cy npaaOCJIIBHR

Cp6M y MHTpOnOJlHJH KapJJOBaliKoj Aa ce 60pe

anH HH tinBay TOJJHKO KOJIHKO C PHMCKOM. - Ho HnaK cy y npaa

xvn BpeMeHa, TOICO.

XVI. H . B., ycnena KanOH"H y ceBepOHCl'Ou 'y

,HOJ rapCKOJ H

EpAfJlJY, rp,P;HHM HaCHlbHMa na H MYlfeibeM MHTPOROJIHTa Caae II

6paHKoBH1ia H apyrux. Aa 06PHY Y CBoje KOJlO K II

. nOMa9ape no-

HeWTO OCaMJbeHHX nOJ ARMaQa H nopOAHua Ha A

wax. Y HOBBle

noaa, O,ll APyre rronoaaae XIX. B Hawna [e J'ellHa np

HI" OTecTaHTclCa

ceKT3, nOAC"6MeHOM aaaplHu: npHnH'IHO aeMlhHwTa H Me~y opaao

CJlaBHHM P HMa y YrapcJ(oJ, CpeMy H P(SHjH AnH

. Je aA ae It

OHa y ona~atbY, 11 oea Beiler HapO'lHTor paAa npoTHI fbI

7. Ilsoceeuu: U KlbllJlCeBHocra. nOWaBWH non

~ "" anaCT ayC1'po

yrapcsy nperua cy HaUlH OAMax OCel'KIIH CHa)f(aH YTHqaJ IDIAHe

npocaere .. KynType. 11 npe,llCTaBHHQH QPKB H HI

.I:. '", pola H W

ncooia IIJ e ce rora YTHQaJa, J P HOCHOI(H ron

PHMOK3 rOJHHUf, J{ojH cy nOKaSHBanH )lOllY a

Oll npaBOCqa~a H 06pHY Y KpHno 80 JI y6HBH MHTpOnOJlHTH JOU. ae Ma np c.tj f " 01\ the no'l W TPl)f(ltTJI nOMO 11 nOylll41'H II npOCleTIIT" np lCTa H

Y AYXY KCTO'fHOr npaaocn.... .Ie OAOJbeB8.TH HacpT8jy U3UJMX. J.1 8eh np • ftft,.Nlft'.I.

6eorpallclt -JCaIMQI"'I •• ii HTMJe JO, .. IIIQ •• 11I ._.

. CpeM KapJJ08QHM.8 (1731.-1737.) YlfHHHna ie Y TO"

sUJa y. .' '" npa8Qy

nocra re je rpAtfa WTeTa urro je narpajapx ApCeHHje IV. nony

1\ ' , .' '"' CTIfO

Aa ce aarpe. A cpesa re, urro je MHTpOnOJJl1T HeHadoBUh, 'fIfM i

ADillao HB yn P3BY (1749.), OAM3X npnoayo aa nOAHfHe If YCaBPW: aanywTeH,e WKOJJe, xao fJI3BHe pacanaaxe npoceen U KfbH>I\es tfDeTH. Ho nocne a.eroae CAlPTH (t 1768.) oner ce aaTPUJe 8pJ)~ Jlo6po ype~eHe cpealbe uixone Hallie, p;a ce TeK nocneAfi,HX rO,lU1tta XVI II. B., a 1fapOlfHTO aa YMHor H POJl,OJby6uBOr MhTpOnOJH1Ta CmeJiOHO ClIlpamUMupOBulia ( 1790.-1836.), nOHOBO nO'fHy

':!" . 6 .IUI-

sara HA3Jbe HeOpel<KAHO sacraae CBOJ naroraopun "POCHeTHO- .

Y I{ (I' J<Y.I-

TypHR paa Y HapoJlY aaures. - TO AQua 179 L), aayalfMafbeM

MHTpOnORHTOBHM., a CioraTHM npanosaaa POlJ,OJbYt>HBora aaHa .

. TnHJe

/l,uMump~ja C~(fo~a H APYrHX!ocHOBaH? je AaHaWlba /(apIlO1JQ'IKa

TUMHaSU1Q KOJa Je aa narpajapxa Paiasaaa 0.0. tuecr paa

'I I '. .,peAa

nOAUfHYTa sa ocaa, AOD;HHle HeWTO (1816.) OTBopeHa JOe If Cp

, aCKa

HOrJocaocKa fU.MHaaUjQ, aaysHM8fbeM enacsorra t>alfKor Fea ~eOHa

fleTpoBoHa, a npJfJI03HMa POAOJhy6HBor rprosua Case BYI<OB '"

Y .. 6 I1na

H APyrHx. - ILOJ Je HO npB'" vnpasnrea, 3HaMeHHTH CJJaOHcTa

Ilaase ). lliaq,apnJ(.

CTpaTHMHp08BIi je ofioraTHo aparoueaaa AeJIHMa MumpoIlO./lujcKY KIbU:J/CHUqy y KapJlOBD,lfM8; a 1,749. nOAHf ao le " BOI' _ eRo8ujy ca fjJlarodejoHujeM (1797,) sa capoaaume ~aKe " fHMH o_ aacre, To fiJJarO,l(ejafbe npersopao je narpaiapx nYKujaH l3oroaH;_ Huli (t ] 913.) y CruerjJoHeY"f1 Y KOM.e OKO 40 rHMHaaHcra HMa 6ecnnaraH CTaH H X?aH),... Eoro~nOBHja je Hap04HTO npeYAe .. uresa y Ao6a ~al'pJ.fJapxa Feoptuja 5PW(KO~ulw (1800. 1Q()7) DHa ea fJlMHaSHJOM HMa aaaac neny arpany, KOJY nOAHrowe l1paha AH'be/luliu (narpaiapx fepM3H t 1888. 11 npora Cre,aH). A CtM Hap, Y KOMe cy CBM oorocnoBH (OKO ] 00) HManH t5ecnnaTaH CBY oncKp6y, noaarao je narpaiapx EpaHKOBHh, nOMotly

DleCT fOJlHHa y Beorp8AY H KapnoBu.HM8 (OA 1731 ueaOf ooj .... ; a 8 ... HM cy, jom aeKO ape e, .qOJ_Mil;,;.

___ a JIOjIuI JUI ,'Ie Bawe npeTKe... Ho cpn ICO aajiU61~

._ XVlII ., ana fa HalBsajy apOClIla'lItIlM ,

.... r •• enBICO .. UBoa II 1111111&.

"'IJHI/II(~ ...... ,

BfJlliKOra Ao6pOTRopa cpncxor Caae TeKtnaje. JOIO je 0 [apx OCHOBao H C/JOHO CB. Case sa WKORe H npoC8

. A 4: ..... ( er"

3ltMa narpajapxa HgenBna 1882.-1888.) OCBO_ ,

Y i\apJlOBUHMa. C8eUlClleHu~"u I(OHBUKIlI, Y KOMe AellB .... It CBewTeHHKa, KOla nonaae ~apJlOBa'lf(y rHMHasRjy, AofllBliJ 14 H3JJ.P)l(3Balbe no YMepeHOJ ileHH.

OTBapafbeM llJKOJlA H AHaatLeM npocaere Y HapOAY BIUi. cnpeMaHH cy H rllaBHH aCHORH aa pa38H1'aK Hawe ItI6 Koja ". KP03 ueo XVIII. R. HMa rOTORO HCIUbY'IHBO QpKBe.lRII:8,. Ha,w je caCBKM npeKHHYT TOJ( crape cpnCKO-CJlOBeRCke IIJJII cxe KJ-bH)fleB~OCTH aaure. - JOW cy H TaAa CBeWTeH81l8 R Ira __ • 6".lH rOTOBO JeJl,HH3 lHfTanalfKa ny6J1HKa Hawa .•• C na PllJ8p 0 ceHHjt'M. III. ~pe~Jlo je H HeKOnKKO KlJIyljepa 113 MUlCT.,. P. y Cp6J.iJH, KOJa je y OHO Ao6a 6Hna HajrnaBRllje cpeA81UTe HI. KtbM)f(eBHoc~H. 11 lbeaHHa ABa KaJlyljepa /(uapU/tlll • J ... '4'" 'IfJHU1 ca CBOjHM YlfeJiHKOM raRpUIIOM CllIet/JaHOBIlIIvA 6exy nOCJIe.a;fbH npep,craBHHI,(H crape cpaCICD-CIIlMMI_ ........ nOc.1e I-bHX nojaBJhyjy ce Aena nHCMeROCTH H W nCHo-CpaCKOJH }lnH 60Jbe PYCKO-CJlOBeHCKDJI j a.1eft

CKHM YLfKTeJbHMa H J<thltraMa, Bell. y np OJ IICTliCHYO CpI1C.KO-ClIOBeHCKH jeS.k H noere ••••• :It- ...... }iBM je3HKoM HaWHX opelaKa. npBI KII •• ;'. BeHo-cpnCKOM jesHKY H yjeAHo np uiaa Me~y HaWHM npellDI y rpadm]« jepoljalcoHa XPUClIlo(/loptl .......

je KfbHry OH caM H8, ........ -.. thO.i cy, no BU",e8Q.UJII'IIflI

1701.), HaQPTaHK I: GIIt_._

132

nOTpe6a nacaa-a Hapod1iuM jeeuxou , re [e To yje.QHO " nD8a cpncsa JOMlra UJTaMnaHa rpatjaHCf{OM, a He UpKBeHOM aa()YK

OM.

OA TO A06a n01JKfbe KO,lJ; Hac CBe BHUJe Aa DpeB1Ja-by'

. 3· '. 'J re M y

~JI,H)fleBHOCTH Ha~OJ ~yx ~na,qa, 1<0)111 CTanHO nOTHCl(yje CTaplt

OIfHO - BHaaHTH)CKR yTHl(aJ " craapa aaury HOBY KI:Mt)f(eo

Her . t< • HOCT

OBe K.lteje paaBHO je .IlOQHHJe OCOuHTO JepOMOHax I1.(JCllf1lej Oopa~

ooeuli (t 1811.), KOjH je xao CaMO~f< pa36oPHTOW.ky, na)J(JhHBOllJiiy, Bpe]O'iOHOM H po,ltOJhY01beM, nYTYJy1i~ H nOTyuaJyfiH ce no CBery >t<eJb3H HaYKe, ya.QHrao ce T011KKO, J1.a je nccrao OCHKSatt AaBaWtLer

er nyXOBHor If J(fbH)f(eBHOr )10180Ta CBeTOBHora npaBlla. _ y

Haw 14, ••

UpKBeHOM norne.llY Tpa)f<HO je on Y CBOJHM pa3HHM lleJlHMa MHore

pe4JOpMe, re je JilerOBO paQH()HannCTH'JKO CXBaTalbe xecro tjHno

onpeua ca YlfeJ:beM IlPKBeHHM Ii' 300r Tara My AeJJa 3aOpatLH~aHa ... AnK je OH yjeAHo H npaa 4J~ocotP Ha~J, lJHja cy ~ena. yaex pallo 'IHT3Ha, na ce 1{ .flaHae JOW tiHT3JY· nOJ{ fber08HM YTHuajeM, a HapOlfHTO paJl,OM BYKU Kapauuna H r.,ype /{aHU'Iulia, ycneno ce TeK OKO nonOBHHe XIX. 8., na ce ~JJOBeHO-cpnCJm jeaulc "3 KIbHiKeBHoCTn Hallie caCBHM MCTHCHe H nOH080 yoeAe HapO.ll,lilt jeaHK ca A3HaWfhHM npaBonHC~M. - O,ll TO JJ.ooa If oorocnOBCKa KJI,H)f(eBHOCl .lIot>HBa KO,ll; Hac Ja'lJJif noner H CBe ce BUllle paaBHja.

OeRM nOMeHYTHX nacaua "3 XVlll B. oa OC06HTora [e 3Haqaja OUO H BpeAH" kOBHJbCKH apXHMaHlI,pHT foean Pajut: (t 1801.) - OH je 680 HajytfeHHjH Cp6HH C80ra BpeMeH3, a caa ce Wf<OJ10Bao MYKOM CBOjOM no caery. OH je Haw HajBefiH HCTOPUK XVIII. B .• J(30 WTO je rpreTeUJKII apxnM3HAPHT Hnapuou Pysapau (t 1905.) je,n3H OJ), Haj6oJbl<fX HCTOPKjCKHX KpltTH4apa XIX. 8. PajHIi je DHwe o6pafjHsao CBeTOBHY, a Pysapau UP~BeHY npOWJlOCT HapOAa Hamer. Pajnt je aanacao Y TpH JUbHre nOJlHTWUCY HCTOPHjy Byrapa. Cp6a H Xpsara : a Pyaapau je nao saure Mau,HX MOHorpa4ntja H3 HCTopHje crape H caapeaeue Cpncxe QpKoe. PajHk ee f5aBHo spno MHorO H npeBo~elbeM H npepaijHsalheM PYCKHX &rocno CKHX nena : a fherOB Kamuxusuc, )<OjH je CHHOA 1774. IIPH ynorpe6Jbaaao ce y unronaaa HalliHM cae AO 1870. Y apeAaH nMcall tSewe H HryMaH ciJeHe'tKH BulltHIIIU). P4J1rd

cy A~1a nyHa noy'tHor ~aeHocn08HO ... ,...... JC H* .HOCTM· ana cy y n"~GlI!DiI

C/108tKU rJlQCHUK, JlHCT Kojn cy OA 'f10'leTKa XX. B. BaAIBUK Dpo-c1JecopH KapJlOBaliKe Borocnoaaje, - To je -npeA CBelCKB PaT 6uo je,ll.HHH IJ,pKBeHH nHCT y MHTpononHjM Kapnoaalll(oj, a npe1Je ax Ie 61t;B3nO H sauie,

nporrOBeOHU'I,KOr pana 6HJlO [e KO,l). Hac yaeK npHnH'IHO. KIO npS" Ii yjeJ).HO je~aH 0,1). najOll.JJHtfHHjMX paAHHKa Ha TOMe nOHty jeCTe nOCJIe,n,tbH' npep;CTaBHHK cpnCKO-CJlOBeHCJ(or npaaqa raBpUJlO CraeifJaHoBu#t-BeHLfJlOBUfi, KOjR je jow y npBoj nonOBMHH XVUI. B. HapO,ll,HRM jeaHKoM nponoaeaao KOMopaHQHMa H CeHTAllApejQIIMI raxo, na ce }berOBe nponosena nene y Haj()OJbe npOH3BOAe aaure DPOJ10BenHHtJKe KIhH}I(eBHOCTH. OCHM Ibera AO(iPH H nnOAHH nponOBe,llHBLtH t5exy JOBan Pajui: H Bunentuuje Paxun; a y XIX. B., nopeA MHOnt", HCTaJ(OllJe ce xao HajO,ll,JlH'IHHjH naKpa'lKH BJlClAHKa HUKQHOP rpyjun (t 1887.) H roplbO-KapnOBa'lKH TeorjJaH }f(YBICOBuIi (t 1890.)

Ha ueiiarouucos: nOJbY OC06HTHX aacayra cresao je MOAHII J(J-bJOf(eBHH pa,lJ;eHHK Bna,nHKa 6aqKH Ilnamo« AmaHa'lKoBull (t 1867.). - OM 6erne yje)J.HO npBH apxajepej Haw y MHTpononajH KapJloeatJl(oj, KOjH [e H JlH':IHHM JClbH)I(eBHHM paAOM AMBao npocBeTY HapO.lla csora

Me1jy npeacraananaaa QpKBe MHorH cy ce y XIX. B. OAnBKOSa}]l1 J1 aa nOJbY CBeTOBHe KILH>KeBHOCTH aaure, a OCO(SII1'O KIO neCHHUM. - TaKOBH 6exy POAOJby6HBH ana.llllKa roplhO-KlpJlOB KH

flYKujan MYWUIIKU t+ 1837.), re naKpa'ilOl HUICaHOP IU

Cp6-MuJlymuH (t 1887.) H npora naH'IeBa'l M 8tJCtl Mil .... ( 189 1')J Iwj" [e cnesao OMHJbeHY necMY. Palo u(J 80jNuKe H MHore APyre. OQHM neCHRKa duo J CBeWTeHHKa, KojH cy (SYABnH it ja'lana aa'dlMIIV 0.' I .... " Me1)y ILHMa HCTaKao ce ocotS TO MamoBuIi (t 1863), CBerocaBCKY n e y.

OAJIHKOBaO c tJaJl.DlIl'

cxo], Y fop je yqHO Cn,am ..

flapoAY"

J 4

6) CAAAIl1Jb.OCT.

J{~ pnoBalJ.Xa MnTponoJlHja o6yxBaTa ,tJ,aHac CBe npaBOCllae

a . X . u lie

Cp6e y BOjBOAHH~1 DaBoHHJH H . paarcxoj. . !'IMa 01(0 .1.200.000

KOJ'HX je oxo 700.000 Y XpBaTCKOj H CnaBOHH]H a 0

Aywa; OJl I I 1(0

500.000 y BojaoAHHH.

I. Ype~eJLe. - QpI<BeHO-HapoAHH ~HBOT Y MHTPono.nHjH l<apJlOBalJf(oj Telle caMoynpaBHoJ Y I'JJaBHOM JOW aa OCHoBy IX. 'til. 3aKOHa YrapcKor Ca60pa O,[l ,,868., uapcxor PeClcpul1.ma 0,0, MCTe rO~HHe H APyrHx ypeAa6a, ~ xoje cy ]lOHenH HapOAHO-U;PKBeHH Ca-

6 aura nOCJIe nOMenYTor Pecxpanra.

OpH H •. tr .

flapoxuja Y MHTpOnOJlH]H "apnOOa'fKOJ' liMa 721 H t24

4u1JIlfjaJle. U.pl<aBa HMa 7771 a CBeWTeJiHKa 722. -~ napoxe 6Hpajy UpKBeHe OUUlaIUHe Y CBojHM CKyuu.t_mUHQMQ ya HaA30p l(oH3HcTopHje, xoja HMa npaBaA3 HMeHYJe xora tiano OA KaHAlfJl,aTa,

HJ"enaH He ,Il06Hje )tBe rpehaae Cl<ynwTHHcKHX rnacoBa. A

axo H ""' . "

KaH,IlHAoBaTH ce sa napoxa MO.>Ke caxo OHaJ, KOJH re ~pell HapOLfHTOM

J.lCOHTHOM KOMHC.HjOM nonO)J(HO TaKO. 3BaHII cmell.uJllu aopoxujcl<l:l IJCUUW. napoxHje ce npocesao CaCTOje 0,0; .1400 JlYlUal ann ~IMa u Ma.nHX ca HeKOJlHKO CTOTHHa H BeJIHJ<HX Oil HeKOJ1HKO 1'Hcyli.a .llywa. npeMa 6pojy Aywa .aeJI~ ce ~a l.lle~T paapeAga. Y tuectuu

aape,ll ytipajajy ce OHe napoxaje KOJe H1\\aJY HenOA 00 Ayma. a ~ npsu Due xoie 6poje npexo 1800 nyura. no TOMe ce paoHah' H nnare napOCHMa. Ilnara uiecrora paspena HBHOCH 800 K., a C8axor ,IlaJber paspeaa aa 200 K. aaure., ,n0J( nJla:a npsor paapeJla

3HOCH 2000 fC. rOAHWlDe. OCHM re nnare, KOla ce Ao6HBa pac-

H • . •

nopeaoa H3 CHe napoxajauue, Y)f(HB3)Y napoca JOW ~ecuJY JeMIbC

(32 jyrpa) }!JlH HOBLfaHY OWTfTY ~a thy; a ,o;o6HBaJY H Harpa~) aa 06aBJbaJbe npxseuax o6peAa nOJe/l.HHqHMa. Ya TO CBM napOCH HMajy 6ecnnaraH craa y onWTHHCJ{OM napoxujcxo» iJOMY HnH craHapMHY... Fne je napoxaja aeha OA 2000 ayura nOCTaBJba ce no nOTpe6H jeAaH HJlH aaure cucmesusosanu aapoxujcxu flOMOIrIlUKxaaenan ; a npecrapenax HJlM Hl3HeMOrJIHM napccaaa Aaje ce JlU'4HIl aOMohHuK. - Ilpaora nnaha llpxeeua Onurrana, a llpyrora caM napo

llPKlltHQ OIlUJUlUHQ [ecre aaje.o,HHl(a cseWTeHHK8 H H POl_ Y je_Hoj HIIH satne napoxaia aAPY>KeHHX ca aaAlTKOM,

io QPUH H WlConH. npeACTIBHHWTBO J 0111 ••

CqalmUlUl, J(oja ce cacTajN HaJ Q

135

IlOCJ10Be It c2CTojH 01' 8 A.O 24 IIJlaHa; a rae HMa cpncaa nepoI1cnoBen.Ha UlKO.'Ta (h.pa ce An ll1K~JlCKU O{J6op ... - Ao 1868. HHie 6tWO CKynlllTIfHe H O,ll,6opa, HerO]e ~pI(BeHOM KMOBKHOM H CRHMa

pyntM nocnORlfMa ynpaarsao CBeWTeHHK ca lI.Ba-TpH eUUaIKOaa

A . .

till" raymopa, KOJH lot nauac nocroje xao opraaa Ilpxaeuor H WKOJ1-

cxcr On.obpa.

np0U10upeCBumepama liMa 28 y ueno] MHTpOnOJ1HjH, ca HeliHM 11 MaHlUM 6pojeM napoxaia. - npOTonpeCBHTep OKPY>KHH yjeAHo je H napox y ceAIHuTY npcronpecuarepara, Te H }hera xao H na-

oxa 6Hpa Ilpxseaa Cr<ynIlITHHa, npourapeua ca CBeIlITeHHlJ.HMa K

p '.

no jeAHHM CBeTOBlbaKOM H3 CBH1Y napoxaia non.nml(HHX TOMe npo-

Tonp'eClHtTepaTY· OH nanaapaaa »UIB01' H pan CBelllTeHCTBa H ~p_ J{seHHX OnUITJ.-lHa, re [enaunyr ronaiua,e caaaaa CBeWTeHHKe aa HCllOBeCT H oAPiKaBa C lbHMa tipumcsu caticp. -~ lheMY je noJ.l,e.lbeH ien.aH npoutcnpecnuiuepamcsu nOMo#iHllK HJ1" uauenau, KOMe je Ay>KHOCT ,n,a nOMa)f{e 060JleJJe H IHtalJe aanpexeue napoxe rora npOTonpeCHHTepaTa.

Eaapxujd )liMa ceaaa : BpmU'4KU, TeAIlIUJBapCKQ, ByduMcKa H fja~Ka (ca ce!\~llu'I'CM Y HOliOM CaJJ.Y) jecy y YI'OPCKOj,. a J<ap- 1l0aal{1(U, Ilaspaw«, H Ilnaumoncxa "IJIM fOPlbo /(apJlOBQl'Ka na.rase ce Y CpeMY, Cnasouuja \1 Xpaarcxo]. Cpeacsc-KapncHa~IKa Enapxaia [ecre ApXHelHtCKOlHtja, a thea"" npeACTaBHHK ap uenuCKOU yje,D.HO je .MUmpOllOIlURl 0.0. 1848 r. HO "0 aacaoa nampujapx cpacsu. J-berOBM cy npHXOJJ.K BenHKU un", j p je )')1(118 XlVI yrc /laJb, ca SenUM EiPlJ.OM H DOPOBOM I'OA Ocek8 y C 180M II,

J{ojH je npe para npouerseu 680 ua 6 teu.nojo.fl K. a to j

,llOi5H uao npexo 60.000 K. rOAH1Utbe OA .PH( Be H H8 po"

HepoaaKOHCKor npaaoca. y ra ..

1l.1aTY Oil 36.000' K., a Y pB Tel ~1M1

rtHtl'pOIlOnHTa no OJH A I I

jl.'.(('.JOHCKU BUleap, K r MHTpononHTa i A pXHjepeJclut H

H YCKpaTItO ftIM •• iIV

13

enap 'HJ'Cf{HX norpeoa. PaA joj nornaJJ.a nOA KOUTpO

J1pyrlfx . . . ..1

C 6 CKOf OA6opa Ll Ca6opa; a. MaHAaT rpaie 3 rOJJ.HH e.

a op ".

}{OH.wcmopuja nocrojn y csaxoj enapxaja, KaQ AyxoBliO_

f npKBeHO·cy~Cf\K opras. npeJ).ce.QHHK joj je enHCKon a

vnpaBHH I ~ I

~.'1aHbB[f ronuso Cl:!eWTfHUl<a .II cseTOB.fbaK3, y cpa3Mepy 2 11 I, sa nOTpefiHo HafJe Enapxajcza CI{ynWntHa. - Pa~

KO.1JUCO TO 1,;-

aana mlTal"ba CBfUJTeH1I4KOr HHfB01'a U peAa GpalJHe

IIpaBJhH p )

cnopose H IlPyre crporo 11Pf\!eHe. nocnoae.

Ao.AlUHUCmpamUBH.U Oooop jecre upKBeHo-ynpaBmf opraj, aa

e enapXIJJCKHM H aaKllall.HHM .Qo6pFtM.a, aa Ha.o.3llpaBal-be ynpaBlbafb

npl<BeHO-OnWTIfHCl<rr.x H MaHaCTHpCKIrIX lI1ttalba re Cv-

pYJ<OBan.a ~ . I J

Uhe cnopona Kojll npn TOM nOH~HHY.H T. Jl.. -. OH ce caCTO!lI ~ t or 6poj'a IIJlaHOBa cBew. TeHJilLJIWr H CBel'OSHor lJUHa \I Jl3 OApeyeH I s

cpaasepy I Ii ·2,a non npeJl.C~AHKWTBOM enacxona.

lllKO/lCKU Odtiop CaCTO]H on J 5 YJIaHosa (2 Ylf Il1'eJha , 2 snxa 1 WJ{OlICI<U enapxajcxa peljJepeHT H 10 APynn() _

CBe lUTe "J • •

Hserosa je Jl.),)I{HOCT .n,3 BOAli ynpasy Ii HaJl,30p HaJl, BepOHcno-

KO naxa y enapxtrja na nOCTaBJh3 Yl.J:HTeJhe Ha. npefl.'10r

BeJJ.Hut.l ill ., , .

.l1,OTHlJHHX onurrana, CYJlH Illtl aa f{pHBHQe". np.

, MumpOUOJlUUlCKU Llpxsenu eaoem. JeCTe npli3HBiia BllaCT "POTHS O.l1,1lYl{a Enapxajcxax KOH3HCTopJifla. - t-hera Ca'fHlbaBajy ,mITpOnO.'lliT-narpJiljapx J<aD npe)lCe'!\HHK,. ABa e_"HCKOna, re TpW CBeWTeHU1JKa H rpa C8erOBHa QJJaHa, J(QJ3 1I3,aOepe Caoop. Cenauire My je y CpeJ\lCKHM J{apJIOBQIfMa; cacraje ce rOAI1WH::.e naa-

nyr a no norpetiu H snure nyra, .

Catiopcsu oos» je smua HHCTaJll.l.~Ja aa UPf<BPHO-3.l1,MHHH_ crparnane nocnose. OClfM rora JberOBa .... je AY»<.HOCf. na npH~peMa rtpeanore aa catiopcze pacnpase, na OOHapOAYJe .. H3BpwYJe ca- 60pCKe aaf\JbY1JKe 1-1 T. JJ.. - I-bera nOC~aBJba Ca6op; a CacTojH ce Ha MHTponoJUlTa xao npeJl,CeAHHKa, re JeAHor enacxona, ABa CBeWTeHHKa If ner CBerOBJbaKa. Cacraie ce 'leTHpH nyra rOAHWtbe

Hapodno - WKO/lCKU Caeeta je BpxOBHa ynpaea H HaA80p CBHjy OCHOBHHX Hapo.t\H1JX WKOlJa, xao H APyrHx npOC8eTHRX 81- BOAa. Ha Jbera ce npH3HBa rrpOTH8 OJVIYKA EnapXHJCKHX CKIX OA6opa. - Cacroja ce OJ( rnasaor pecjJepeHTa H we

OJa, mje 6apa Ca60p 'P%lJ/IPIjCKU CUHod UIIU Colop

'I a .... acr y C ".&'110,

137

liMa C"HOJJ. H caBeTyjy1ie 4JJaHOBe, a TO cy: apXHAHjeqeSaHCKH tHfKap Ii no jeJJ.aH cseWTeHHK H3 CBaKe enapXHje. KOjH ce lIaeHyje aa npeanor enHCKona... CHHOJJ. ce cacraie pe,Q.08HO AunYT rOIJ.HWlbe. I1Ma CBOjy KaHL\eJ1apHjy, KOjoj je aa 'feny, xao lCaHqe.nap. apxHAHjeue3aHCKK BHKap. OA CBHX CHHOAC.KHX 3aICJbY'laKa caao [e H300P enacsona rpetiao BJla.Qapesy nOTBPAY. 1909. OCHOBao je narpnjapx JIYKHjaH EorAaHoBH1i CUHOOCKU 4JOHt1, y Koja je npMnarao 50.000 K. ronaunse, aa CHHO,D,cKe H QPKBeHO-npOCBeTHe capxe.

Hapoduo-llpssenu Catiop, xao HajBHwa ayroHoMHa HapOAHoUpJ<ReHa 8J1aCT. HMao je CHOj HapOlJHTH ueaopnu peiJ OJ{ 1871. II csoie YClllPOjCIllBO OJ,l, 1875. - OH ce cacrojao OJJ. 75 aacTyhHHKa : 25 CBeWTeHKKa H 50 CBeTOIHhaKa. Morao ce caCTaTH caao nocne HapO'fHTOr BJIaAapCI(Qf AonYIUTeiba H y npHCYTHOCTH KpaJLeSCKor KOMecapa. Ilpeacenaa« catiopa 6HO je MHTpOnOllHT, a enacxon« 6exy BHpH1lHH YJlaHOBH. OCTaJlH 'lnaHOBH CiHpaHH cy no oKpyaHMa M CTaJTe)f{IIMa y enapxajaxa.

llpsseno-napoona do6pa u ¢OHOOBU. - U.PICBeHO-HapOOHQ iJo6pa ca QHIbaBajy MUmpOUOJlujCKQ (AaJb H T. A.), eaUCKOaCKQ (F<yiie) aeMJbe K npyro) " JHQHQCalUpCKa Ao(ipa, Koja cy npeA par speAKna OKO 30 MUJTHjoHa K,; a aa TUM '1PKBeHo-orzUlmuHc~a iJo6pa (napoxajcxa AOMOOH H npyre Kyite. SeMJhe H T. A), KOla cy u,etbeHa ua 60 MIfJllfjoHa K. q;OHiJOBU H aaKJIQiJe RSHOCIIJlH cy QKO 20 MUJlHjOHH K., re je TaKO caa qpKSeHO-HapOAHa • oa8M

y MHTpOnO)UfjH Kapnoaaxxo] HaHOCMa OKO 110 - •• JllljoHa BeiufHa re HMOBHHe je y 3eMJhH, jep aelUbHW8K nocil IlPRB • y MHTponoJlHjH KapJloBa'lKoj H8HGCH 130,000 Jy'l'lpa. - 0.- TO a ca~H MaHaCTHpH HMajy 35 xaJhqa, a MRTpoROJIBja 25 jyrapa.

Me~y cj)oHAOBllMa HajaH'.

HeapuKocHoBeHu 4»oHJl. B

K. npBH je sa BA,I»KUI"._.

a APyrH aa Rony Jow je 8HaTIa • JOBa J(.. a ,OClIlll

e

B1tMa TH cjJOHlJ,OBHMa it aaKJIa,IJ.a.Ma ynpaan.a Ca60pcJo,

H:ao OpXOBHa aYTOHOMHa ynpaaa,

A60~ M H8CTllpU. - Y MHTponOJUIJH KapJIOBa'lKoj HMa ,llaHac

7 '" CTllpa H:OJlf noceAYjy HMatba Y, npeaparaot ope,[J,HOCTH

2 M3HB I A' ~ j L

10 MltJlHJ'Otl3 AIIH, mt Je upo KanY'Jepa Y tbHMa MaJUt

npeso , '" " I

HO nOJlaBH 4 J<any.}epa aa leAaH MaHacTHp; BHllJe .o.al(lI

Harco nonpe'l ,.. " . 0 'e,

, J'JlpyroJ' UpJ(HeHoJ 06JlaCTU nauroj. 6paaOBatbe Kanyhep

Hero H Y JeAHO • 'J a

. M3H3CTHPC]{O' a caao JeAaH Mane"H aeo ~BPLUlto J'_

BeJu4HOM. Je' e

EoroCJIOBHjy UJlIt aauie 60rOCJIOBCKe HaYKe y CTpaHHu

l{apJlOBalfKY "l

TH cy MaXOM apXHM3HAPHTH, npOToeHHljeJlH, Clfltljenll ae Jb3Ma. I

apxlt~aKOHH H npoTo1jaKOHH. JeJ{HH Ott .... ax ynpaauana cy MaHa-

a a IlPyrn cy npli}J.BOPHH K3J1yljepw ua ABOPY MHTponOJU1Ta

crup f .'

3 npo..heCOpH 6orOCJ10HHJe H KOH3HCTOPllljCKH 6eJleHfHI111H u emtCKOn I "t' ..... .

O 1906. HMajy caoje MOflawlw Yopyxe1be xote nplUmqHO Hanpe-

Jl . . c 11.

.Ilyje; a 1899. H3Aao [e ApXHjepeJc~w" "HOIl. uapoxara uC111lUllll_

npaBullU aa MOHaxe, •. HaJBHwe MaH3CT'l1pa I1Ma y 4>Pll lIapHO . . ~-

WICO} rop«. Ty HX je 12; a Me~y lbHM3 Ha)yrne,'lHH1H cy: I<PJ'-

lueOOJl, Fprew.eC', Beosu«, XOU080 H BpiJHuK-PolloHulla, Xonolw ie OA 1919. CKJ10HHWT~ 3a. capovan.

J H~20. r. YCTynJbeH je MYWKH MaHaCTMp !(YBeJICOI.lIi m~6I:-

rJJHM PYCKHM 1<3nyljepliU3Ma' na cy OHe TY OCHOB3ne JlCeHCIW .WOHOClIlUP H HMajy eeR rtpeso 60 cecrap: ... I lo CRUMa MaHttCTHPlfM3 H3W1fM 11M3 nen npo] CTapHX pYKonHCHHX KHlHra-Cptl)'/bU H APyrHx JlparOl.teHHX npeAMeTa 113 np~WJlOCTH HaUl.e, ,wjH Mory nOCJJY>KHTH aa D,lJ.JlHlJaH QpKReflll MyaeJ; a He.\\a ra ]OIlJ, He caao MHTponoJlHja J{apn08a'm3 Hero H1I uena CpnCI((J Ilpxua.

3. npOcBeT8 H I(fbH)J(eBHOCT. - 3a o6paaooalbe CB~UJTeHHlfKHK KaH,lJ.H,lJ.31'3 III1CTOjH Y CpeMCK'U\ Kapnosuaaa 6,1'0- c/lolJuja ca CeMwwpO,U. Y EiorocJloBHjy ce npHMajy CBpweliH MaTypaHTH rHMHaaHj , Hacrasa rpaje 4 roauue H Aaje roroao c1JaJCynrercl<Y cnpexy. - nojcllltHlV1 cy UIJJJIH na 60rOCJlOBCJCH ~aKYJlTeT Y LfepHOBLlIU\3 It Y t\yxoaHc AKa}l.eMHje y PYCHjH.

nOA HapoAHo, UpKseHoM ynpaooM uanaae ce If ABe

rUMHQSuje - KapnOBa'lKa H HOBocaACKa 33 THM MYWKa It )I( nptfla;aHdujQ y Co~6opy, re MywKa y Ilaepauy H )KeHQJC8 OPM KapnOBllY; rpH BUUJe /l.OJoja.,,,e WICOlle:

Co Gop, KIO H :J56 OCHOBHUX WKOIIQ, OA KG

BOHHjH, a cae OCT n y

139

mUlINO 60r0CAOB./W H myMIJ'II!I6e CB. nUCMa C

cKY KILlDKeBBOCT BaCTyDao je liorocnOBCItU r. fIlPOI'O ~OllCpeaCKHII Kap.1l0BQIIJIa H8AaBalJH Dpoteco .:oaCHUIC. ICOJII cy , npa80CJIaB~, y MaTPOBHItB, •• ao le p. rocno_je; a JI.CT ttn, aHlUIMa .mapa IQJKBeuy npocBeTY Y Ha3aApo aTaK "p D?DYJlapH ••

A- - aT Je caB •

paA DpeKBHYO, aJlH ce O'teKyje HOB non- TaJ

.,' '-I R Ha OBoa DOJby.

J(apJlOBaIfKO rlO}QI6(! npUH ie YMeTHII'tICB 06

CTaBHO .. yaeoH KO D03HTOp /(tJplle.'luje CmaHKOB:"ClABO. H.Y HOTe Y 5YAHMY 1865. f. - Msa lLera 'IelUlie c ' KOIB Ie yapo

• • Y pa8nK lCoMnoaHTOp.

HSAaBaJlH csore KOMn03Hl(HJe y HOTaMa aa •

leAan Rna ABa r Mea

sao H Y 'IeTHpH rnaca aa MYUJJCH H MeWOBaTB afSo H· . •

cy Me,t.;y IbHMa: raspu.no 60.",apuli Muma or p .. ...J.. aJ3HaTHRJ_

. ' 6oao.nOBun. Jlp Tu-

.r.OMUP Demo},," H Ctueea« MOKpaltJ0ll. .

II. Cpnca QpKBa J QilBoj fOJ •.

(MHTpODo.'IIiJa I(flTII"Cl(a). a) npOlllnOCT.

] .. Teospame]«. - 3eTCKa EnHClConHJ'a K' . C C

• t 0IY Jt' B. aN

OCH0030 y JX,3HaWfbOJ SOUH aa npeBJIaliB KO" KoTO It •

• &.\ '" PI, AOuBJIa Ie

1346. naCJIOB MHTpono..'BJe. TH KpaJ'eBIl Y XV B.

. nOTOIAny 'lac

non MneTKe a sac non, TYPII'e re cY •• ",onOJl-

_ ' ..... 8eTCIOI aRUle

nyra npHCHJbeHH OMH A3 MelLajy caoje ceAllwTe; a CTIJIHO

)fa ~TaHl~UJe .TeK 1485. aa QeTHfbY y J.lpaoj rop.. Ty je 801 MoaH ,plIOJeBHh OCHOBao MaHla .. p "peele Boropopqe oCS-

:'lapH~ ra 3eM..'bcUIa, .wYMa~l. aliHorplWI.I p.GOIO ..... J~ ~aJ MaHaCTllp cnoleH ca JeaRN. CTapllj •• MUI apoM RI OfJoAY. Te Je IIMao TelAa OkO 30 Kuyljepa. Ty j OCHO • 0,. IIftOIJ ... _

napaia cpnCK8 1493... ynpuy

J(oje (iexy nOA rypCKO. an w JlO.'1I1TII seero H.po

Klla j 14 . KOItlalfilO

ie UpKBa HaWI Y

OCTIJIII. O~II~.". "U.~-i"

J40

"Hero y OCTaJUlM J<pajeBHMa HaWHM. To, ce HapOl{HTO

nocne o6HoB~elba neR:ue naTpHjapwl{je 1557.1{ nOAHaalLa ~::~:o BaSJ.IX YCTaHaJ<a, Y KOJHMa CAY nP:lI.cTaBHHItH QpKRe HaLUe Otilt'lH~

Bp.!10 BeJlHKY ynory ItManH. Mel)Y ORHMa OCOOHro ce

UeTHtbCKM M.HTpOnOJlHT BUCapu.OH (168,5.-1692.) I(O]'H ie HCTal(ao ) nOMoh, M.TJet.jHEa HaCTOJao Jl,a caCBHM oCJlo60D;Jf l..\PHY ropy. l<a!J,a cy a'

TUM 0,11; 1697. no-rena aa npecro MHTpOnOJIKTCKH craJIHQ D a

[J ~OJJa3HTII

t.j.'IaHOBH yrneaaora 6paTCTBa empOBuh.-lbeI'OUla, pa3BH ce II

yrspna CBeTOBHa BJIaCT lleTHJbCKHX MHTpOnOJIHTa Ha.n. Hap

. . . T OAOM

.nOT'IHlDeHHM fbHXOBOJ u.pKBeHOJ BRaCTH. - aKO nocra.n.e y II .

• •• L.\PHOJ

Fopu meospamuja,> nOA KO~OM je, J\\YAPOlllky H xpaOPOlUlly

OAJHPiHHX MHTpOnOJIHTa, H3BOJwTeHa nOTnYHa CJIo6o,IJ.a If lieaa8HC_ HOCT Ilpue rope OJ]; Typaxa, re ynapen rJI3BHR OCHOE! l.\PHorop. clcoj KpaJheBHHH.

Ilpaa MUTpOnOJIHT 83 6paTCTBa Hsereuia 6ewe JJ.ap08HTlt II 01VlY1.)tfH BJIa)J.HKa J/.aHUJIO (1097.-1735.). - OH HHje npH~HaBao BIlaCT rrehcxora narpaiapxa Ka)[UmHCa I. Hero H30erJ10r ApCeHHja III re je U aaananmeu y Cexyjy aa t\YHaBY 1700. Ilon lberoBHM YTH~ IlajeM YIJllftbeH je t 709. aa Ea.n,Jbe BelJie U01(Olb uomypUL/Q1 I<OjH ce Hen TaKO OCJ.fJnfJH1 6exy, J],a cy na l\eTHIbY nO,QHflUt eeRy lJaMHjy Hero !UTa 6ewe M3HaCTHp HBaHoB If MHoro C,.,eTamt ocno6o~elby Ilpae rope. OH je crynao y npaiarezscxe aeae C PYCKHM ~apeM Ilerpox BeJnmuAt R TaKO YAapHO oeHOS BeI(OBHOM npHjaTeJbCTBy oycuo-upuoropceoa. A PYCK"I ananaoua 0)1. 'rana uecro cy noaarami UPHY ropy HOIHl,eM I1 nOl'pe6H1fM llpKBeHHM CTBapHMa; AOI\ 'y oner UpHOrOplJ,H paroaana IC3,({ rOA cy TO Pycu aa>Keneml ... - Ilocne ucrpare nOTYPlU.la AaHHRO je ynpann.ao aeMJbOM noI\\ofiy aoopa rlJleMeHCKHX rnasapa ; .i 1718. ocaoaa, no clBeTY .'\t\!le1IHHa, rY8ep"udYPCU180, xao saury nORHTHIJKY BJJaCT, K Ce oapctuea no TlJIeMeIlI1Ma.

J.(aHHJla je HaClle]J.HO CWH08alJ. MY MHTpOnOJlHT Casa (17

1782) OH je 6HO cJJat5 ynpaaaax, na je BnaCT npeAlO

nOMoliHHKY H poljaKY 8J1a.l1."lJ.H Bacunujy, KOjH je 8 0 If npKJIHKe npnJlH1.fHO cnpeaaa 6no. To je nHeaq HCTopMje; OAP>KaBaO je sese ca PYCHjoM,

aAi je CaB. oner yaeo ynpa y y ,IWJ"~

I'fPIQapWHJ :0

141

neTap UJ, TC je CBeTOBHY BJlaa yaeo y caoje PYICe (1766.-1174.) • JlOCTa .o6ap PeA yaeo Y aellJbB ; aJI.llllieoaHa y6. o.liellllK Ty'1»eIOI", re IlBTPODOJIHT Caaa DOROBO cROjB CBeTOBHY R QPKBeBJ BllaeT.

CaBY je aacneAHo .YAP" II PO.OJhyfiBBH "TPODWlHT nftlUlp I. (1182.~1830.). - lbera je 3aBllilAH'IIiO Kap.llOBa'1D IIII'I'pODO.1HT Mojcej nYUlHUK 1784. OH je ooA CBOjO. anaudiy HUO CUO 50.000 AYUl3, na je aDaK jYHa'IKH B3N1)Kao .Hore KPaaBe oojeae e Typl(HMa H «IJpaHIlY3Ua H )'Tap.ao CJlOOoAY l\pHe rope. Tqa je CJlaB3 IUJHoropcKor jYHaWTBa paaaeceaa aa cae crpaae, OR j~., cnopaay.y C RapOAHH. rnasapHMa, B3~O II opae OlicaHe A.ORe aa up"Y fopy 1796. H 1803.; YKRHYo te rYBtpHadypcrllllO • ca.y cBeToBHY BJli:J.CT 1813. Y3eo Y eaeje CHCUKHe PYKe. jow je Hapo~JHTO uacroiao, Ita MMpH 3aBaijeHa nneaeHa II 113 Hapo.. BCICOpeHH YJlCaCHY KPBHY oc;;~my. Koja je 3aT~na .~ore Dopo •• lle 8.1aJlaO je CHJlHOM Jby6aBJby aa HapoA CBO) , Te Je 0000 Homily 11 CBeTOwliy )l{HBOTa caora TaxaB yrJleA y. c .... a DJleae_a ere-

rao Aa cy UpHoropu.a, KaJCO sa lIqIBOTa TalCO • DOCIle ca,.... Rae-

K J H .

rOBe, a.eHOM lherOBHM aalUlHlbaJIH ceo apol ra Je .8.. Ha-

3HBaO CBeuuJDlfJbeM" Te KaAa 1834, lIeTllPR roA.He nOClle caprR Ha~owe JherORO Teno qeJIOlCYOHO H llpKaa ra n~II8HIAe aa caeTHTeJba; a MoIiM. K30 BenHKa CBeTa..,a, 00'l1l81JY .Y Y Q,eT .'~KOM Jl&aHaCTHPY·

3a CR. Ilerpoa Aomao je Ha ;t(eJbH JLerOBoj. CRHoBaq.y Padt TOlIN.

( t830.~ 1851.). Kao B..'1QlJla ... Jaeo

AMIX nocne CMPTR crp ... eae, a 88M

TeK 1833. 08 je .Horo aaCJIyra "altaje, MeaeHI H Gpa MecTO Bdla Me •• ~HClID rJIIl.l~

npe"ceAHIIIC H neTpa I. 0 W

" pea cy.

142

2 niJO cstmOBHOM BJlQmAy. - C~pliy BJlaAltile Paaa npe: TeoKparCI<3 BJlaAaBKKa Y ~PHOJ ~OpH. fberoB HacJleAHMk CTaJl:,,~e (1851.-1860.) Huje xreo Aa ceKaJtyljepH. OAenHo le o,Pt<. /l.OH " eT08He H ce6e npornacao KHeaoM, a aa MHTpO_

Y BJ]aCT OA cs H

BeH 'o6paaoBaHor JtanMaTHH~a ul(ufl.opa J1BuHoBulia

)JHTa nocTasHO . .'

(")°852 -1860.). MUTpOnOJItfTCKa peaHAeHQHJa OCTaJJa te H AaJbe Ha

. . csa HenoKpeTHa MaHacTHpcKa H MHTpOnOJlHTclCa UeTlffbY an"

I pUl'as3 re MIfTpononHTY, lberoBY npH,[(BopHOM apXh-

H .. aIbB yae A',m.. ,

npOTol.:aKOHY op,peJlH unary 83 A. P>KBBHe 6narajlUI!.te

MaHAPHTY If 9 . .

. 0 lIyxoBHa npxaeua Bl1aCT ocraaa MHTpOnOJ1l.fTy a

Ya TO Je caM ,... . . 11 '

CBeUJTeHHlfKe napHHIle yoylieHe cy npen ""pmaBHlf CeHaT

6pa'fHe " .

llaHIfJlO [e, H nopen 6op6e C ,TYPQHM3, na>KlbHBO paJlHO aa

M ype-l:eFbY aeMJbe, Te je 1855. H3JJ,aa H 3aKoHHK.· artH

YHyTpaWfbe ') . '

He'll 1860, rrofHoe osai PO.QOJby6HBH KH~3 on KPBHHlfKe PYRe. I-hera

. 0 KHe3 rJu/(OJla neCHHK SHa"tajHe necae DHa,HO, OHaMO

je HaCJJellH rt, ." ..

On je cpeTHO paroaao C TYPURMa, r e je. EepnHHCKH l{oHrpec

1878 npH8Hao 'noTnYHY HeaaBHCHOCT l(PHOJ [OpR H YTBp.o.HO npu-

rpa UH"e F-beHe '<Dje cy I 9 12., nocne ocsere KOCOBCl<e

IUHpeHe <HI "'" , _ .' '

.a.ot'hwe JlaHa.ll.ltbH o6nHK " rrpocrop, - Kaea Haxona Je YKHHYO

Ceaar, ype,D.HO MHHlfcTapcTBo, fnaBHH Ii BemlKK CYJ{. re 1905 llao YcruaB, a 1910. Hapo,!{Ha CKynwTHHa npornacana ra [e

Kpa.fbeM.

Ka,Lla [e "He~ H""oJla aayseo npecro MHTpononHT HHKaHop

oruuiao je Y Pycujy, a sa HaCne)l.HHKrl lbefOBa 6YAe nOCra8JbeH J1;WPUOH Porauoeuh (1863.-1882.) I1napHoH je 6Ho 6ea HaYKA, ann je I1naK YLUfHHO .o;aCTa na ysene peA H HaYKY Y cBOjy MHTpOnonaiy 3a tberOBO HpeMo AooRna je Ilpna Fopa, nOCJJe "POWMpea.a 1878, jow jeAHY enacxonajy, To je PawKo-BaxYMCKQ Eflapxuja, KOjOj je cenaurre 6Hno y MaHaCTHpy Ocrpory : a o(Jyxal 6plla H norpaHH"tHa xepueronasxa nneaeaa, KOla cy TaAa lPY>KeHa QPHoj Fopa Ilpaa BJJaAHKa oee enapxale 6 we 1fJ1I1. PUOH lby6uUJa, KOjH je nOCJJe CMPTH H lIapHoHOBe nOCT aonlT l(eTHIJJCKH (t882.-1~84.). OH je nOKywao AI Y ua~

_ ....... YleAl yopaay IlpKBeHY xao JUTO j Y 11&11 ..... ..... 1 •• J HICJJe.llHO ,IlaHaWHaH M "P01101J1.; a f a MaD." ........

3a oc.no601jeHe «paieae, HOBa npaaocna8Ha enHcKoDaja ca eAR"

WTeM y neRK.

3. L(pKBeHo-upocBemHu JlCUBOfll. - 3a reosparcse aDIAI.BHe }t<HBeJlH ey PO,!{OJhy6HBH MHTpononHTH Y MaJleHoj I.\paoj rOpB Y OfJlHKOj OCKYJUIUHM rOTOBO Y CTaJlHOM KpBelbY C TYPI.\HMa. jYHa'IKH 6paHet.H W MYAPO Y'iBpwliyjytiH CJJo6oJJ,Y caora HapoAa. CTora HHCY nocnesana Aa .n.OBOJbHO na)f(lbe o6paTe qpKBeHoM H npoCBeTHOM >KHBOTY, Te je craise U.PKBe U npocaere, CBe AO HeAUHO spno [anno ehfJIo. Ho nopen CBUX HenpHnHKa 8eii ie BJlQllka 8acuJluje (1766.) noxyuiao na .o.HrHe npocsery Y HapoAY CBOMe:

OCHOBao je npay WI<OJlY aa UeTHfbY, ana OHa nOA TeWKHM npKIIHKaMa6pao yrHHy; nocnao ie aa THM HeKOJ1HKO MJlaAldla Ha HIYKe y PYCHjy, aJ1D tbUX, jY)f(lbaKe, 6pao nOKOCH TaMOWIba XB&AHa K)lHMa. .. BJIa,ll.HKa Ilerap 1. aaHOCHO ce Takotje MHWJbY, Aa Hapoll CHOj npocaera Y xpHwliaHcKoM AYxy, re je 1826. H8pa8BO )1( Jb Aa ce CB. nUCMO H080ra Bauera npeaeae Ha cpnCK" II Y HapOA paurapa. H BJ1aAH,Ca Pane OCtlOB80 je 1834. WKOJIY K WT PH" Ha UeTMtby, ana ce He MorOUJe OAP>KaTH. Sa paTa y ~oCS J\aHHlIa, Y OCKYJJ.HI~H onosa, canusanlt cy WT •• Raped eno npasuna Hanoj aa nYWKe. AaHlI-no je WB.lbaO MJlQ,Klie • y Cal.iiM na HaYKe. BJlaAHKa I1napHoH OCHOBIO j npay 8otoeJI ....... ....,

mt'/bCICY WKOJlY ua QeTHIbY 1869., Kola AOlllHlllt

aarsopeaa 6Hna, aa THM 008080 OTBOP " }cOHalIHO npeseceaa HI QeTIlIbe. r. rHMHaaHja. 3a TO BpeMe HCTaxao e npOCBeTHOM H KIbH)I(eBHOM nOAy OAII.IJ1Dr •••

8Hje MunoH /(OCrlluiJ. A l1poT1 .... QtI •• cexperap KRell HHKGn necaaaa Ha CBOJ 6MO H jeAaH It"._

ieAHOICP y 3arp

144

oPY}f(jeM' aJlH je TaKOBUX '" UOClIe cse AO na

rl}ifOrnr noJ],· I • UJHx

. 6 0 MHorH cy ce O,lllIHKOBami KaQ JYHau,J,f ... I1 ~'aH

JIaHa BDa)l. • 6 0 . J Q-

rmupa 6eUJe YBel< Aocra, aJiH. je HO ManH po] )(aJJYljep3, na It

Til je,llBa nHeMfHH 6exy.loinaK cy MaHaCl'HpH aa ueno TO BpeMe 6H.1]11 jeJ],HHa cpeJlHWT3 npocsere " OHCMenDcrH. - Y Llpyroj no'10BHHH XIX. 8. Kany~ep}1Ma cy onpehene n.tare, a npHXOJl,11 h\aHa"THPCKH ynoTpe6Jb3Bajy ce Y upxaexe " npOCBeTHe CBpxe.

6) CA,IlAWH>OCT.

npaBOCJlaBlla Cpncxa UpKBa .y l(PHOj I'opa opraHH30eaHa je y MuwpoaoJ1ujy Uemu~cKYJ KOj3 o6yxBaTa CBe npaBOCJlaSHe Cp6e y KpaJbeBHHH H ~POJH npexo 400.000 nyuia.

floce6Hor yempojctusa sa ynpaay y OBOj UpKt:eHoj 06:ldCTH HeM3 re ce yrrpaaa HO.lllf no onwrl1M oApe.llOaMa npaBoc.lJaBlie UPK~e H YTBpljeHoM crapoa oOH'qajHoM npaay,

Ilopoxula }lMa npexo 200, a Ii CBeUJT(,HHKa OKO 200. Y ua-

,

po.1l.Y je jow Mano npocsere a MHoro npaauoaepana, CBewrellHlUt

cy BdiHHOM MaJlO WKOJlOB3HU1 ore ce cnaoo paa.llHKyjy OA HapoAa. 11Ira BHW~ Heinl [our It .o;aH3C aoce 06~lqHO aaponno 0n,e.10, re ce caao opaAOM paamu{yjy 0.0; CBOjHX napoxMjaH3ua. CHelJlTfHI1- liKe naare )'pe~eHe cy 1900., a napoxaja 6POjH OA 160 -300 aOMOBa. Ilapoxe nOCr3BJba eURCKon y cnopaayay C B.'13110M, a Ha~aop HaA IbHMa BOA" 15 npora H 1.-, HaMeCHHKa.

Eoucxoauje cy rpa, a ceaaiura cy HM Ha lletuun-y, Hu«wuliy H fleflU. ~eTHtbC!nl ie enacxorr .\UlrponoJlUr. lberos je ABOp Y ~erH}hCKO" MaH3cTHpy; capoaa uraa je, anu yrnenan, MHTpono.1HTCfC3 upxsa Y ABa Maxa je narseua u paaopanaaa OA Typaxa, re je raxo MaJfa Aa [enaa MO)f,e CMeCTJ1TH 50 nyuia. MHrpOnOJlHT It enacxona .ll06H~ajy nnary H3 MaHaC1'J1pCf(HX npaxoaa, C ICojHMa ce nOAMKpyjy If npyre upxseue norpeoe y f{paJbeUKHif CalKH enacson HMa CBOjy }{OIlJUCmopuJ)', Y xojo] je nporO~al\OH pecIJepesar, JJ.o 1904. caa je KpaJb HMeHOB30 MJlTponO.'1HTa H enJlCKone, a o~ TO Ao6a ysecray]e npu rOM H C"HO.a, J\oj" je Te rOARN \'CTaHOBJbeH

CUHod ca'tHfbaBa MHTpOnOJJHT, o6a enHCKona

145

a 'i HOBMMa lleuauu H Ilen. Y AeqaHHMa 6ewe 01(0 30 Kanyljepa, MaXOM Pyca ; jep cy ra] MaHac~Hp npe HeKonHKO ronaaa npeAaJ1a Cp6H CBeTOrOpCI<HM PyCI(HM KanyljepHMa, ,lJ.a OH ra naxure o'lyStUHt 011. HaClillha apaayrcxor. HHa'le [e MOHaWKH }KUBOT Y Ilpao] fop" cna6uje paaaajea Hero H y [eaao] npyroi OCinaCT" uauro],

Ilpocsetae U KItJUJfCCBH.OCUIU qpKBCH.C, cneuaianuo npaoropcxe, rOTOBO H HeMa. - OHa ce WHPH nonaxo ca npOlf3BOAHMa H lIoMoily pana aa TOM nOJbY no OCTanHM oonaCTHMa HaWHM. 3a UpKBeHe Ii npOCBeTHe nocnoae nocroiao je nHCT Ilpocsjema.

111. CpnCKa D.pKBa t CpOBjH.

(MHTpODonHja SeorpaACl(a). 8) nsoumocr

l. OC/lo(ja~afbe 00 Typava. - l{a,lJ.a ce 1788. aaparana Pycaia ~I Aycrpaja c TYPu,HMa YCTanH cy H CpO" Y CPOHjH O.o;YllleBJheHO npOTHB CBOjHx ynseraxa, Y CTaHHKe je Muoro noxarao HOBlI,eM, TonOBHMa " MYHHI.{HjOM 6a'lKH anaAHKa JOBaN jOBaHOBUIi, KOjH je H ~ooJbe OA Typaxa oTKynJbHBao... A y caso] Cp6Pfj~ r naBHY 6pHry 0 HapOAY BOAHJlH cy POAOJbY()HBH apxsMaHAPHiH TPOHOWKH CmecfiaH jOBaHoBufi H CTYAeHH'IKH Bacunuje PaOOCQ8fbCBUh, re npora [aronaacxa lOBQN MUMBU". PaT je rpaiao TpM rOAHHe. AYCTpHja je acnpsa npOApna Y Cp()Bjy Aoa ny60KO; ana [e 6pao Mopana sarpar H CKnonHna Je MHp C TYPItKMa, ocrasaaurn )1M Cp6e aa MHnOCT " HeMHnOCT. \fMM cy Cp6RjaHIlH OceT~J1" WTa HM ce cnpexa, npsxaarnure rp'IeBRTO MBcao B POAH aYTOHoMHje nOA BPXOBHOM TYPCKOM It aaWTHTROM aYCTI .... :tCOM BJ1aUJHy. Ha TY MHcao Aowao je rJlaBH. 10 JlP"T CTecIJaH. 11 nOMorHYT HOI'HM l<"e)l(llIII'"

OOM, aurae je Y TeMHW J A e 17 "'._ " __ ~

L\pKBeHH Ca(Sop; a 8a ocraapeise re MHCJI MHPOM 1790 H. 101

ca caOM ae.Jllo TYDllrl~

146

JI0 MallO Cp6HjaHana, Te ce J.{ cax 809 apXijMaHAPHT YrapcKY sp y CBOj M3Aacntp TpOHOWY, JJ,a ce H AaJbe

CTerpaH nOBPa;;Oece csoje 3eMJbf' U caora aapona , a;1I1 nOCJJe aaJ1ame sa UH P poa3we ra TYPU,H Y 3BOPHHKY (17Y9) Ho HeKOJHtKO rO,lJ.UH3 0yTTOHOMKjH . Cpoaie nOA TYPCKOM BJIa~~y ~

. tberOB3 0 3 . 1790 .

J.fJleJ3 rrOHHlUIa Y o'laJalbY .) [Jocr3Jla re HJ\cl'a

", aalUTHTOM,

c-rpaHo apo"Hor ocno6oijetba, rcaxo aa "PBOr Kapa-

a ua nyry H x

BO,IVI.'b TaKO ),1 nocne lbera.

10 hCl:!or ycraHKa

')op~ a XIX B HacrYflHlJH cy BpAO TeWl<lf AaHH y

OA npBu~ Aa:lJYI<Y . _. 1801. r. y Beorpany ce OCHJUtwe 6eorpaJl,CKOMaw norna' BUlle aaaaaue oaxuje. nOlJiewe HBCHJb3

. HW1apCKe oI' , •

tteTltp" la. yCKoMeWa OH'" ra XTeJl,OWe J),a 06earJl30e

A 113 ce HapaA . .

xa MHore BHijeHe JbYAe, rra M )1.08a PO,lJ.OJby6HBa

Cora noceKowe p _.

T . Xa<JU 13£py H XQI/.U YBU,lIla, KOJ" cy HapoJJ. WTH-

apXIfM.aHJlPHTa KynJbanH Y MaHaCTHpe csoie re Y'UfJIH H xpao-

H ~ 6paH~nH, 0

T}fJ1 • 6op6H xoja lie ce ,6pao OTnOtfeTH - 3a KPCT

H .aa acrpare Y . 80

pun , " 3HaTHY. Ta ce-ra y6paana Je I 4. YCTaHaK nOll

aeHU u CJ10vOAY

lJ tr .J.opf1Ut! KOjH je neno ycneaao H rOT08Q OttKCTHO

'yHalIKHM nOpay 1J • ....

J n 3nYk: OA Typaxa. AmI, aa uecpeny, Til ycnecM

Dcorp3ACKK am

ce yrspne, noaajaaure 300r necnore Hap0Jl.HMX

HHey "tor nM .a.a C ,:::.' T

1813 TYPl(H nOHOBO OBJIalJ,aWe uenox pvHJOM. aAa

crapeWHHa. .

<vaCH" naHK nYHY rOAHHY J.f no naua cexeua cy,

cy HacTynHlJH y~ x'

. 11 aa Kome )KKBH HaTlUJ;aHH SPlJO MHOfH npaaua

y6UJaHH) KnaHH 11

Tana cy cTpaAaJIU 11 MHOfH npeJl,CTaSHKUH upeee, a

HapaAH(f... f4

MnahaHH i)aKoH ABal<YM, nopen csora YLfHTeJb8

Me~y JbIH.~a H ') 6' IA A

j n 'CHJ'a (<ojM je }KltB na J(OJJau; ua MJeH. t'l Bal<YMa

J(aJly~epa al t ~

T pun Aa Haoujy )f<Hsa na «onau; a OH HOCenH Kona"

cy nOBenH Y .. •

6 OrpanCKOM neaao je, «ao UJTO HapO,D,H3 necaa K8)1(e Y:IHuaMa e x

Hexa aepe 60Jbe OJJ. Xpruuhaucxe,

Cpo Je XPHCTOB, panv]e ce CMpTH.,.

A MajUH csoiol, xoia MY [e rrpncrynana Y ra] Max H Manu AI ce nOTyp'tH caao JJ,a cavysa >KUaOT oaroeopao je 08

MajJ<O MOla aa MJleKY 1U XBa,na,

An ne xaana aa HaYLlH TaKOJ • ro ap

HOBlIt yCTaHaK, I<OjH je Ita l.\seTH 1815, nonarao MalloUl (}lJpeHoBuh C APY rHM HapOAHHM npsallHMa, 6HO [e (ioJbe cpeke TaA3 je Cp6Hja, rOJleMHM )l(pTSaMa CBOjHX caaoaa, ycnena III H3Bojyje caaoynpasuy KHe)f(eBHHY noll. BPXOBHOM BJlawtiy TYPCKOM (1830.). Tpu rOJI.MHe aa THM nosehana ce CptSHja aa urecr HOBHX HaxHja. A neplluHcKUM MUPOM on 1878. 1I.o6HJla je nOTnYHY He- 3aTH1CHOCT H LfeTl1p" HOBa oxpyra aa jyroucmOKY. HapOAHa CKynIlI1'HHa nporJIaCI1JJa je CPrJHjy l{p3JbeSHHOM 1882; a MeCTO HaYMpnHx 06peHoIIHRa '903. Jl.o~e aa npecro AHHacTHja Kapaljopljel::llflla, I((.da je Beli H npe jell,HO BpeMe (OA 1842, - 1858,) flIl3j\a.'w y Cp0ltj"H. Hajnocne 1912. H 1913., nOCJ1e paTa ca TypuHMa II Byrapaaa, Cpthfja [e OBJl3Aana CTapOM CpfSHjOM H H('JIUKUM HeJIOM Ma henoua]e.

2. OCJlOOO!iC1vf oo CP(tHllplIomo. - Reti Kapa1jop'lje Hay Mao scrue na cc peura 4laHapHOTCI<l1X BJlaAMKa, Te je ua CKynwTH8K 1809. 3"'h·JbY1.leHo, na ce ua Mt!CTO I'pka JleoHTHja aa MHTpononHTa oeorpancxor nOCT3Blt soieona COI<OJlCKH It apxHMaHAPMT MaHacrapa Patte MCJ1ellmujc CmetjJaHoBufi. AJIH MeneHTRje Hllje nocneheu aa MHTpOnOJ1HTa. jep ce y OHO paTHo AoOa HRje Morn npcroaapara ca [(apHrpaJJ.CI(HM naTpHjapxoM; a KaAa 18 . Cp6Hja nOHOBU nOll TYPKe nocraaeiue OHM oner r Ka .............. "' •• t_

cuor MHTpOnOJUtTa. MHnoUI je, OAMa noeae 8

6ujHOM nOJbY, TpaiKHO OA L\apHrpaACltOr naTpRj.ulI~" apXl1MaHAPHTa cTy,n.eHH'IKor Me.neHrauja Halt""'''. 'Dca •• m. MIlTpOnOJ1HTa ('jeorpa,n.cKor. AnM naTpljap

all MelJeHTHja nOCBeTM aa enHCKona ·"~"-·uulll.It;..·-:._ aa MH'rpOnOJlHTa (Seorp A xor no rieure AapoBHT. (Sor T nOCTaHe caa DOJI

BJlaAaBHHY, H

ca(Sn,y H G ..... ,

Hap AH A

14

B n'lA"f{OM MeneHn1jeM» 3acrynHHKoM 6eorpaAcJ(or Mil,.

, {1I11 Kif M JU.' • •• Po-

a rnKolie Cp6HHOl\\ apXUMaHAPHTOM klcJTcHmujcltt naU/lO

nOJlHT, tl ".I • 8U~

Ilc}"~ fJ,Oliece Ypcd6y .ut cneUiUleHCaIBOJ KOjO.M cy Ta'tHO 03HalfeHlf.

nplfxoAlt enl-fCKonCl<II J.1 CBfWTeHl1l1KJ.1.. Ta Je ypeA()a oc rana Ha csaaa AO 1833., a HtuJla je aaTHM na ce CTaHC na nyr rpaM}J<JbI1Doc:rH

X BJlan}:lU"a JJ 3JloynoTpe6aMa CBelUTeHCTBa npeMa lIapo rpLfI<U .. 1"0 l" . • AY.

_ BJlaAur<e cy ce naApmClB3Jle MUPUJOM Ii dUAlH.llll(lJlf, nope30,\t

UITO fa Jl06»Baxy Oil. csaxe Kyl1e-Ou.ntQ; a 3aTJ.fM npHxO/1.lIM.a OA

BeWTeHcTBa (CUOOl(cuja), HeHlIaHHu)i, rllo6a 11 T. l· CBeWTCUTCTl en' . iO

je oner Ao6Huano oup 01{ uapoaa. apoxuje je YeCl'O Hacn 'tJn~ao

CHH Oil Dna. Bna.o.HKe cy 06H1.(HO caae xynane no HapOAY CBoje npHxoA.e, CaA1.0 JI.CI ra WTO Blilwe npmcyne, To je OHO BeJIHIOt 'reper Hapo.£lY, [ep je Mopao At! TPOIUH 11 ua row l1el-bc BJ13,D.lma u Ihllxoae CBl-fTC. Crora je c[(ynwnwa 1822. aaripauana BJla]J.l1I{aMa lIill! y napon, a I<He)f(eBUMa je HanO)f{eHO. JI,a noxyne ~1fMtmuy H Aa}J.y ie MnJJoWY, Aa je OH npeaa BJla.a.HKaMa. Ya TO je YCTaHOB.rhell(J

. '

J.l.a ce BJ1a,lUUCaMa onpena cranHa ronnura,a nnara l! TJI(Ce aa

o6aoJUalbe nojefJ,HHIIIX ooroc. YII(6CH"X xnua, I{oje rwaJJ,l1Iw 0 ,aBU (PYKOllOJlaral-be, oCBclielbC u,pICJ3e, allTHMHHca H 1" .u..); it JHI1JaI naTpJ1japxy na ce nJlafia W3 1J.P}lC3BHC xace. C l'MM peqJOIlMaMa ycneo je MnnolU 1822. naxo crora, 1111 0 cy rpltH rana ~ oor YCT3HKa MHoro I(OMnpoMHToBaHu rJ11J1H npen TYPLJ.HMa.

Ilpna xopax sa HeaaUHCHOCT CI)IICI(e L.(pKBe YllllHHO j MIfJl LIl TOM peljJopMO.M. BJlaJ].HKe cy cc ncnpua OTHMilJl., aJI£{ 1\ 1~II"jC lin 1\ na CRe npHI.:T, we. 182'. oTnOY\;O je MMJIOIII uperunope c 1 lai PIIM japW}1joM 0 ype~eH>Y Cpncice UPf{H 't aJtli WI rpHjapx, oojetH1 ce OI~enJbelha, He XTCj1,e HaJ.thH 11(1 cycpe I CPJlCI01M >nCJI,aMa. HapOllHTO ue xrene npJ.tcranf ua ooaneano nocrann.an.e caMHX Cpda aa una/.VfKC, uaroeapajytlH C' JI,a OH C' TUM H Jl.PYJ'HM lfapo.o.HM3 A p~a8 npaaep ... J011l 1822. MUJlollJ j ocn uao l<oulJucmopujy, y KOjy je ya MHrponOJ1uta HMefl08a ) jCAIH,W apXlfMaHAPHT3 H J AHO

JCHeaa; aJHf 8ei; 1825. OHa [e YJ<HHY'la It eBU pa'lHH H CYA

nocnoBH npe~owe Y jJ,eJ10KPyr xaeaceae Kanuenapu]«, B

080 Ao(Sa nao je )KUBOT MOtlaWI(H TaI<O. Aa C MHTponon (S

CJCII KHpHJIO Ty)t(H 1826., na MaH3CTHp" tI Jy

Y ,(any pe HMj

149

snua u.~J(He. A aa TUM le MYAPO nacrojao, Aa ce caCBHM peWH p a To MY je nomn~ aa PY~OM TeK 1830. Taaa je AotSHo OJ), cynTIHa x, -rUUICP1UP, Aa le. CpCiHla caaoynpaaua KHe)f(eSHHa H MMa npaBI na caxa oLtpa CUOje enacxone, J(oje lie J.UlpHrpaACKH naTpajapx caao ~OTBP~,ula~u, Ha ocnoay rora onoaaana je QapHrpaACK8 IlaTp"JapUJujC1 ona nOCJ~eAlba <l>aHapHoTa ua CTOJlHU.U BeorpaAcKe Ii Y»{WJI(C MH'rpOnOJIHjl! - AHTHMa 11 I'epacaaa. A MHJlOW.

y ]1.lWOllOPY C u,pICHeHHM H HapOAHHM npeJJ,CTaBHHUHMa OllP AHO je na ce Y>.(lIlJl(a Enapxuja paaJl,eJIH na aaoie, Taxo je nope-A Y)t(wll<e. ca cenaurrea Y 'ia'lKY, nocrana H Wa6a"lKa napxHJI 3a 1'11~ cy rpa apxHMaHJJ,pHTa cpncxa nocnara y QapHrpaA H m!'rpli}~lPX ax pYICOt10nO}KH aa enacxone. npBI1 Cp6HH MltTpOnO nnr 6cOrpaJ1,CKIf, IlOCJle onnacxa (j>aHapHoTa, 6Ho je xpatSpH apXHMJII]J.pU'f M~HaCTHpa ~pa}leBllIHltu.e MelleHwuje naBJlOBUh, 1(0lH j 1815. y 60lY J-1a J y Hhy CTCK30 MHoro a nyra, WTO j Y OA YJ),HOM -racy, npucetiuourhy 11 xpa(5pomtty BOlOM, YAapajy H TaJlHO y AOUUUl, oicynuo paUJTpKaHY BOjCKY It y"lHHHO. Aa 1 AP)I(ana qajtly l1o(icAY lIaA YPl.{HMa .'. Ya TO je MHnow, ua OCltoay ora xarmu 'PH{\la. CIOlOntlO yl OHOP c l~apHrpaACKHM narpajap OM 1832. 110 TOM yrouopy HHOA Ilaparpancxe naTpHjapwHje npH H 0

[e Cpolijatlcl<oj l\PKUIoi caaoynpaay : I<H H Hapoll CS

caau MHTp n J111 r Ii enucxone, 6 orp A KH

uacnoa apxaenacxona orp ll. I( r

CpUHjC. M 6 P MHl'pOnOJlHTa MOP HTH

011 i,C ]J,aTH AonYIllTClbe Aa ce PYKonOn )I( Y p6

cualm HOOH lIarlop MJlTpOnOnHTa AI" C 300 AYK [apxy, a ]l.aHaK sa otSe napxal oApe H j H

l:1'aBHH8 MHTp'ononH H

japxy HnH MH p nH Y

JIM " H AIJh

nonUT C H

CB TO MH 0 AMH H Q

Muo.

150

3a6paHHO je aazse, .IlA ce HH UYWHnf He CMe y ltP~BeHoj YJlHlUf; a O.llpe,llHO je: na If I'puz, Byrapa H' JlpyrH .MopaJY cnaBItTH If cpncse Cl;leTIfTeJbe, a HapO'lHTO Ca. CaBY B Ca. I{"eaa JIaaapa. Caeror Casy npornaCHO ie .1826. aa urxoncxor aaWTHTHHKa.

3. CaMoYlJpOBO U He3QBUCHocm. -. Ilpsa CPOHH MKTponoJllt'r OCJIo6oijeHe Cp6Hje If c3MoynpaBHe UpK.Be P°.QOJbyOHBU MelleHlllUje nOBIlOBun yMpO je Beli 1833. MUJlow je 6uo CBeCTaH. na CPOHjH Y .llaHHMa fbeHor npenopoijaja rperia WKOJIOBaH H 06paaOBaH !.JOBeK aa MHTpOnOJIHTa Crora ce 06paTH J+Q ~apnOBaq"otI MHTpono_ JJlfTy CTpaTBMBposniiy, ,lJ,a My xora OJ:{ CBO]MX I<aJlyijepa npeno-

YqH sa MHTpOnOJIIITa. A CTpaTHldHpOBHH. My npeJ])lO}f(H OHBlUer

P J ./., '.

KapJlOSa'HlOr Dpoq,ecopa Ilaena OBaHOBUnG, KOJ". re Bell o,'{ 1829.

6HO y CptJlfja xao ceKpeTap J<He»{eBe l{aH~e~apHJe y l{paryjeB~y. rne je OHJlO If npao ceJJ,HUJ1'e MHTponOJUtTa oeorpa,Q,CImr Y OCJIo- 6o~eHoj Cp6HjH. MHJlOrn O,llMax np"AUf npennor If Haa6pa naMa sa MHTpOnOnI1T3. Ilaane je jour cseroarsa« 6HO, re ce 3aJ{any~epH no,ll IfMeHO.M Ilerap: O,llMax je aa THM nponaseneu aa apXHMaH.u,pHTa H rrocnar Y Ilaparpan, rne acre roaane (1833) npHMH nocsekeae. - To je 6HO ITOC le)l,t:bH 6eorpa,o,cKJ.1 MHrponOllHT, KOjH je Y Qa'pHrpa,ny nocseaea.

MUTpOnOJHfT Ilemap (1833. -]859.), xao oopaaoaaa l)urOCJloEl If HeJJHKH pop;oJby6, npacrynao je OAMax ypeJje1-LY cso]e MHTPO~ nOJlnje. - Ope csera je nacrojao, na y CPOHjH 06HOBH CBeTocaBCKY QPKBY, xoia je MHoro npenarnna aa Typaxa H ¢laHapJlOra. npHTOM ce Y MHorOM tfeMY YfJJe,Aa QHa YCTPOjCTBo QpKBe Y MHrpononHjH KapnoBatJ1(oj. flPBO je ypeAHo napoxaje, HaMeCttH.WTUa H nporononnie: aa THM je yaeo MaTHue BeHQaHnX, ICpUJTeHHX " YMPJIHX; cnposeo je peA Y 6orocnY)f(et-by H haD lUTaMoaTH upxaeae 6oroc.nY>K6eHe KfhHre, Y HOBO OCHoBaHoj WTtlMnapHjH y Beo ... rpaAY, no PYCKOCJJOBeHCKOM TeKCTY; YCTaHOBHO je nnary MHTPOnOJJIfTY H enacxonaaa, xoja, Y fJIaBHOM, H naaac B3)KH; YPeAHO je ApxHjepejclCH Ca60p xao BPXOBHY AYXOBflY MaCT Y MRTpono .. Alja, re EnapxHjcICe J.bXOBHe CYAOBe RnH Koa8HcTopaje B uc., ... ",aOBBH CYJl; aanacao je Y CTPOjCTBO 88 AYXOBHe.. It ojao Je, 41 ee AII.Y QPJ(JJe H O(SHaan.ajy aBlftllllHlc

_.. .._. AQGanl weCT H08H 0KPY ,

1

llP>KaBHHM nocnoaaaa KHeay MH)JOWY 06peBoBoy a AneKCaIIAPY KapaljopljeBJrliy {1842.-1858.}. MeijYTHM, KaAa je 1859 ea MHnolll nOHOHO AOUJao aa BD<1Ay, HenpHjaTeJLH, H3 Ce611'lHHX paQYHa, OKJIeBeTaWe npeA KHeaOM MHTpOnOJlHTa Ilerpa H npBCIIJIIIWe ra na noanece oCTaBKY· - OH ie Tan.a TeWKa cpua OCT8BHO Searpan H npewao y MHTpononHjy Kap.n08a'tKY rae ie H YIIPO 1864. K30 enacxon -roPtbO~KapnOBaqKH ...

Ha MeCTO Ilerpa aaaopaure, aa Ca6opy, apxaiepela H CBeWTeHeTBa y Kparyjeauy, lberOBa nHTOML\a wa6.a'lKOr enacxona MuxQu.na

j08DHOBulia. - To le OHO nOCJIeAIbH 6eorpancKH MHTponOJlHT, Kojn je jow rpeoao nOTBPllY L\apHrpaAcKor narpsiapxa H AYJKaK I'hrf. ,n.a ra cnOMIHbe npn 6orocnY>KefbY. 3a t-berOBe ynpaue YHBurreun cy n nocne]J.fblt TparOBH aaBHCHOCTH OJ], UapHrpClJI.cKe IlaTplfjapwnje. Ilocne cpncxo-rypcsor para on 1876.-1878 H npornaruersa Cp('jHje 3a nOl'l1YHO HeaaBHCHY I\He)KeHHHY, na o,,16y KHe3a MHRaHa 11 MHTpOnOJlHTa MHxaH.na npornacao re l{apHrpancxa narpnjapx ca CBOjHM CHftOJ:{OM Beorpaacxy MHTpononHiY aa nOTnYHO HcaaBucHY }1 cauocmanuy L\pKBeHY ot)naCT ('879) Tana je 06HOB1beHa H Euucxouuja HUlUKa.

..

MlfTpononnT MHxaHJto 6ewe AapOBHT H ep 10 copeMaH a

CHOj 1103MB. - Hsera je MHrpononHT Ilerap, KaAa j CBPWUO eorpaJ).CKY Borocnoanjy, nOCJJao y KHjeB rae Je caPWRO P.y 0 AKaoc,uujy Ii aal<aJlyljepHo ceo Ha therOBY lja'lKO j e yaex ua BH,lJ.H('IM MeCTY OBa aano eH He jedno« mpcuytuxa JaWUlO cu OCmQBUO cBoi' Om'~II'DIJH)

OBOe. alia} oa HUCU iJoUlao da YXUBQUI, Hel HOl1y mpyoutu, do uuuo BUtUe apu6asllU,l HII tueojoj dOMOBUHU od u.ptKe flOIllP 6,

OHO je HeICO ape npote 0

D.HKa Wa6a'lKH H HIJDO I1pH aarao H H ..,erOBe yn KOjH a cy uptltypq.

J 2

nYCTIITJI MltTPOJIORUTCKY CTOJlWLI,Y· Ha tbcrollQ MeCTO nOCTaB

T . M 1-,. AM' JbeH.

j apX1fMaHIJ,~JfT eOJJ,oclfJe paoaan.v. HXa~lJlO J~ OTHUJao y

pYCJ,jy. rne je Y}KI1Bao He~"KO nourroaaa.e. Ha PYCHJe lJoepaTIfO e'Y Cp6lijy 1889 .• f(aJJ.3 je Mpaotmfi y MHpOBJbelf 1<1 OH noup .a.

. . . aneH

WI crOJIIIUY MII1'ponOJlI1TCKY, H3 I(OJOJ je Ii y.l\\PO 1898 ClIY C •

~ . . . . . B~y

Te,(r11lIWY UI..:Ta~HO je ua l~enJi:~iJcKe H npccnerue CBPXC. BHu

je jCJtaH )/~ IlJJlIOIIYJJ8J1J1I1JHX Jepa~axa Haw &.1 X, npasuar Ii Yf.la>KCH y I(CJlO/ll xpllJUhaUCKOM CBeTY, re Je OJJ,JIIU<OBBH o~ J\\IJOfliX XY4\laHHX If IIpocne"f HIl. CBeTCI{lfX APYLUTasa, K~O HM JCI\31i Cpihul J.lO ,An1l3C. ~bcroB aaAtCIHH< na IIH1TpOnOJmrcJ(oJ CTOJH1L\lt 6elue IHI

. n , ., WI(H

ellllclwn IIllolzeH~ll1le aunouu i. l<OJI1 je H3CTaBHO ILcroH POJl.o-

.r:byOUI3If pa.u., aJHI je neil I 905. r")C~tl1~IYO. - HuolieHTHja HaCJJeJlI1() je J1.3HailJ IMI l\\HTpOrIOR HT }.4u,vUml1UjC.

4. npOcllema u f(fbUJlCenHOCT, - lh1Ai jet nper'i1Jla lu'rooM

. ~

Mlwro(ipoJHIIM KPB£lBJI,\1. »<p 6aMa OJJ,JHI'iH~fX npeACTaHHlfI(a Hap

6 Ct<· oaa

II I {pr{BC, no-rena ce A~3aTIl cno ona Y puWJI1, nO'iHfhy onMa

.... ,~ X If

t,;IJCT.l1f apaun npocaere paaoajarn T3MY. lIJTO je 'ratco nyro 06a-

BHja ra uperxe nauie Y TYPCKOM 11 4laHapHOTCI<OM poncrn fA

y. VI

Beh 33 yCTaHKa noseuie ce no rpa,a.OBUMa 11 lIeKHM CCJIl1Ma no-

JJ.H3anf OCIIOllHe uncoae ; a nora Hj~1 JbYJU1 Y3HManH cy 11 y r< Ii Y'IlITeJba 33 caojy ACQY. YLll1TeJbIl cy Olovm :aeJulHoM aYCTPHj~l(~ Cp6Jf, a H3JU)}I{aHaHH cy MaXOM "3 I..tP"SCHO-IIIl<onClwr raca y,.

, vpao

je ycraaoaaeuo U MUllucmapClUno llpoceeuic, a npsa MHHHC

I': 11' 0" h 0 . Tap oerue caa f~OCHTlfJe upaJlOIH1. tI JI.! OJ~Max "PHCTYJlHO Oa6HJb-

HOMe ~aJl.Y ~f neil 1810., uopeu Bel1UKC Illsone, nOAH)I(e H Boroen~/jUlY y Beorpaay, Amt 1'1-1 JJerm n04e(~H opao nponanours c nponaiuhy ({apai)opl)eBoM 1813., re je ca llJJ(OJlaMa nOCJJe APY

~ . ror

ycrauxa UpJIO (11)aBO CTOJ3JIO cue AO 1830, ~cTHHa, MHnow J

Be'li OJ{ ~818. HCKOmU(O nyra noxyuraaac J],a OTBOP" orocno.Hfr y KparYJesl.W, aJIH MHTPOU01IHT I'px AHTHM He XTeAe e re ue tSH HHWTa.

npOCBeTa je y Cp6HjH noveaa CT8JJHO "!Ie .sao, It TO nOA YTHQajeM Cp6a H8 MII!TDtma"

lAa eYt aa OCHOIHH. IfIKOJI CS

• .4_1, A MBTpODOJIJIT n.

"ABa Pyca aa npoqiecope: a BeKonHQHBY H IGOJltHX "_.i.

je 1846. y KHjeB, aa ce y AYXOBKOJ ARIA C: __ .-~_~

(j>ecope 6eorpa,o.cKe Borocnoeaie. - Taxo je 08 n Cp6Hje OTBOPRO epara PYCKHX CTPY'IHHX WKOJla. TaJl,a npOCR:THO craae y CP(SHjH «SHno Ka8yJe H8M H HMua, IllTO je y Beorpany saupenno aeOc5H'IHO R8Ke1tll_l"'-·IChI_ xaaa je MHTpOnOJIHT Ilerap CBOjy opay c5ece,o.y HQ u'ycar n''''I •• ~.

M"T~OIlOJJHT MHxaHno npeypeAHo je or.oc.no8lfjy )f(HO y !hOl 6orocnoBCKe HaYKe e c1JHJlOC04lCKKM H nWll'01 •• ~ Ose HaYKe 6l(Jle cy BPJlO HY>KHe (SorocnOBHMa, jep y di .. * MHOrL1 on fuHX, no He[(OnHKO rOARHa ope pYKODOJlOI •• : .... oCKYAH~C Y nponacauaa rOAHHaM8, npOBOJl,KJlH Hao CTel(.J1L1 nene .aacnyre aa npocaery caora HapOAa. Ho Jow a

MMTponOJlHTa MHXa~fJJa npeypet,eHa je oroCJlOBstJa

APyroj OCtl0BL1, BaKOHOM OA 1896; ann ee TO .,PIIl ... ftft'_fIt

H3S0AL1Tn Tete lS9Q

3a npocsery cpncxy MMa AOCTa 81 y MOCKBU. - Taj MaHaCTHp, c ~PKBO

Cp6HMa PYCICU CB. CHHOA 1873 .• HI aayal.· 'au ....

,aYPHona. 3aHHcHO [e 0.0. 6eorpaACKor DT 01.61_&

paayMY ca PYCICHM Ca. CRHOAOM. nOCT ll ..

THj y Y Ilonaopiy H YTBp1jHBao 118150 .JlyijepCfCK nOAMnaA8K a p6 Jy

A3 nOMa)l(e H cee APY lS

IbUXOB yen x.

11.0 MHTpOnOJIH "tbUJlCeBHOCIIIU y od 01UM.0I' 0.1 ••

HOCTH, C O'.OM u1CM1 ... 1



154

t+ 187 J .). OH [e yje]lHO 6"0 H sanpeaan no~all~ xao II. JberoB aeM-

no"ur 6eOrpa,llCKH MpaoBuh, ({OJ" re OCHOBao ¢OHA 0

'baK .MIITPO JI· . A

50000 .o.Hf-lapa 33 HerOBafbe aaurer nenor U.pKBeHor nOjatba it

~ . a 8HaMeHHTOM BeOrpaaCKOM f1e8a'~"OM l{PY1ULUsyemu

aaBeUlrao r . .. H-

J.. OdanaH It[ ,llooap I(fMfiKCBHH paAeHHI< oewe H apXRMaH_

"OBUII • . . ) X . .

JJ.PHT HutiUtPOP /l.Y'IUfl (t 1900. epuerosau, KOjJil je aa YCTaHl<a

Xepueroa;PfKor Oll 1861.·-] 862. r. xpaopo ce (jopao "POlMs

T na A )l.Ol.tHuje HeKOnHl<O nyra OlfO B09 Y OOjeBHMa

ypaxa, . . .

npellIaBUIH y Cp6Hjy on je saMeHHO MalJ ca nepo \\ a CaB ce npe-

Aao KfbH)f(eBHO-'l paay. HapO'lHTO ce 6aBHO npoyqaoaJ-beM npo .. IUJJOCTHCpnCKe, re je Hanacao H npsy sehy Hcmopujy CpaCKe Ilpxee 1894. - 3a sacnyre aa KfbHmeBH.oM nOJby AOOKO je MHOI'O HayLJffa oAnHKOBaJba H 8n~JJ.apcKa O,llJlH"IJa;. a nrecr "YTa OJJ,6HQ je eO.HCJ(On.CTBO, xoje My re Hy~eHo y Cp6UJH... Ha \faCTO 6oro-

CKOM DOJbY KfbH>KeBHOCTH ().(QfMaTHKa, MOpa.1lKa H 1'. ll) paAHO

enOB '.

je nOHajBHllJe apxaxaaapur tPUPMUJlU/GH) nOTOtbH cpnCKH MHTpo-

nOJJHT y CKOnJbY (t 1903.).

5. IJ.PKOQ y MafieaoHuju u Ctuapoj Cp6uja. - fplJ.H enaCKODH no Crapo] CPOHjH H MafienOHHJH, nocne YKHJI,afLa ne'hcl(e narpHjaplllHje H OpxHACKe Apxaerraceonaje, 6.HJlH cy BpJJO 6eaof.i~HPHij npeMa CBOjOj naCTBH. CnOBeHCKO ('ioroCJJY>KeJbe nonfCKHBaJJH cy aa CBe crpaae a YBOAHmf rpsxo : re cy nOMoliy WI(ORa rp"IKHX y MaHeJ(oHRjH ycneaa, Aa o,llpO,lle MHore H norpxe HX. A KaKao je TO ycnex 6HO HeK3 noxasce osa] npzaep 'Ra OXPH~a 1867. r. _ HeKH PO,llOJby6H nOllellH cy rasa na cnOBeHCKH noje y UPKBH; a rpaijaHH, Me~y KojHMa je najropa 6HO jeAa~ JJ,oMatBf CHH Jl,OKTOP MejlHLtHHe, [asso cy Y UPKBH HCMeBanH csoje CJlOBeHCKO ()orocny>Kelbe H TP3)f(HJlH, Ita ce H Jl3Jhe noje rp'I.IKH. - Taxo je y Make"OHHjH Y npyroj nonOBJ.tHH xrx. B., HUCKO crojana CJlOBeHCl(a CHeeT.

A cpncxa HapOJJ.Ha csecr novena [e raao na 6J1eAH H rl'6H ce Beta OA Kpaja X V H. H nOLJeTKO!''' XVIII. B., KaAa je sa ceotSa epncxax DOA ApceHHjeM III. H IV. cpncxo HMe nocrano 81 TYPKt Ille (SYHTOBHHKa H KpBHHKa. Tana ce y TYPCKoj MHoro f5on,e npOJla- 311no ca HMeffO MHpHe H nocnyw He paje - Syrapa. H HeMa cy AI je DopeA ocraaora H TO MHoro AonpHHeJJO, ,Ill C OA MOHajB cae aHwe ry«SIIJIO HMe cpnCKO. a W.PIII,IU

'.... ona eft je ocodHTO y XIX. B J ...

tJvral»eB

155

Jl,0 CJIOBeHcKor ooroCJIY}f(elbaJ TaAa ce nponaraH,Ila 6yrapCKa jom Be'liMa pa3Maxana. A xana je Byrapcxa 1878. r. nocrana caaoynpaOHOM I<He>KeBHROM, COM QHM KOjH npHCTawe ya EraapXHjy npornaweHH cy Byrapaxa, re [e HacTojaHo CBMM CMaMa, Aa ce CBe cpncxe oco{iHHe YHHWTe. Crora je aa6patbHBaHO CJJaBJbeibe J{pCHor I1MeHa u: Cpt5a CBeTHTeJba; a cpncxe cy KtbHre HstSaqHsaae aa uixona If upxasa, na '"IaK H cnalbHHaHe. 360r rora cy MHorH OTnanH Oll Byrapcxe Eraapxuje If nOBpaTHJJH ce l..\apHrpaACKoj naTpHjapllllfjH, xoja [e MeijYTHM l).onycTltJla CJIOBeHCKO 6oroCJIY" )f(etbe no u,eJlOM I{OCOBCJ(OM BHJlajel'Y H no MHorHM CeJlHMa MatleJl,OHHie. Ami cy anax Byrapa, cBojOM nponaraHJl,OM a jow aauie TepopOM ycnena, na aa.u.p>Ke MHore Cp6e noa EraapxHjoM. A l<aAa [e nOA YTHuajeM cpncxe nponaranne, xoja nO"lHlbe )f(HBJbe Aa paAH TeK npH xpajy XIX. B., noxena aa ce 6Yl).H H paasala no Ma'lie,lJ,OHUjH cpncxa CBeCT 11 lJHTaB" I<pajeBH nourna Aa ce OJl,PH'ty l3yrapa, - raaa cy OBH OCHOBaml paa60jHH(IKe xere, I<oje noyfSH[auie M.Aore cpncxe npsase, a HapOI.IHTO CBewTeHHKf H y'tHTeJbe no MaheJ.l,OHHiR H Crapo] Cp6HjH. Ilpaa noiaaa TaKOOHX 'leTa naAa Y 1902.. r, re H Cp6u O,{lMax npu'=KO\fHwe CSpatiH CBOjOj y nOMoti, oCHHBajYHH xere y xoie crynaxy MHorH POA01byCSH. HaSBaHH KOltfUWC, H3 paaHI1X xpajesa CpnCTBa. ~ KOMHTe cy, cnH'lHO eTapHM po.u.OJby6HBHM xajlJ,Y1UIMa,. HeYM~ny cnaBY CTelUlH 6paHetiH Cp6e no Makel).OHujH H Crapo] Cp611JH OJ), HaCHJba Syrapa H ApHaYT8 .

I{a,a,a je OCIJOBaHa Eraapxuia nyurreaa cy Hcnpl1a e8MO TPH oyrapcKa enacxona y MalieAoHHjy H TO Y OXPHA, Benee H CKonn.e All'" ].I OHU, y6pao npen PYCKO-TYPCI<H paT 1876 1878 .• MopaAowe

lIanycTHTH csoie enapxnje, re cy nocne )KUBenK y M080j Y

cso] KHe)f(eBHHH ... Iloc ne ~yrapeKo-cpn xor paTa OA I

je Eraapxaja, nOMohy cpe craaa H8 yr ell 1

IIpOCBeTHH pan no Ma A Hllj", n y

fHM paAoM ycneno c • A era H

(jyrapcKH enHCKODH Y Y ·CYGIIIJR'"

1894. AownH cy yr'&)IU1lQ1

a 1897. ycneJlH y IvJU .. L,."_

4e6py H e.u ... ; M.II'JlOHCll(._~

156

rypcKe IfHTepeCe. TeK nOCJIe Ayror It e. Hepni'.Ji:for aaY3H~l'anll no

Yj('HB'HX H3PO/lHHl: npsaxa, ya ,ll;HnnOMal CKO nocpeAaBal.Le

M8fba po.o;01b u . co

P caie Cp6}1je It UPHf rope, ycneno ce TonHKo, Jl,a l.{apHrpa,IJ.CKa

Y : 'a nocr3HH Cpoe aa enacxone y npuapeHY (1896)

naTjJHJap(w, ~gJ 7) Ii Be/lec-/l,e6py (I 9 I 0,), A Tn cpnCI{H enHCl{on',:

CKOflJbY <. • C' '1

o/luax cpe,ltCTB'HMa ,l).06HB'eHHM 1'13 p6HJe,,lJ.a OTBapaJ'Y

noqe]Hi cy '" 1

lJoMoliy fbKX 1-13TeQY ce c Byrapaaa }f UJHpe cpnCKY CBeCT

WKO.1e H '. .

... y Mafie,IJ.OHHjy. TaJ pan }fMaO le nen ycnex H Cp6u

CBe J(yOJhe • 6' "

par 1912 ,"MaJUi y Crapo] Cp IfJ" H MalieJl,om.ljH npeKO

cy npeA' B

400 CBOjHX. OCHOCHUX UlKOJIU, a sa TUM: eJlUlCY. rUM H aalIjy h

Y'fUmelbCKY lllICOJlY y CKO[JJbY, rpa MaRe rUMHaaUje: y BHTOJby. ConYHY If nneBJbHMa; BOrOCJ10Bujy H TprOBUI.lKY WKOJ1Y Y npJt3peHy, Te paiJHu,tICo-iJOAta"/iuHcKe ULKOJle y CJ{onJbY ". EHTOJbY. - I1MaJIH cy TiI,I).a OKO 650 ytHfTeJba Ii npoipccopa ca. 17.000 ijaka no 1HM

WKOlIaA-ia ...

~o para 19] 2 4eJIa CJlOOeHCI(Q L(PK8Q y TYPCI<oj "Mana le 22 enapxaje Ha KojHMa cy Be~lfHo~ 6HJlH rpU.~1 a CaM? 7 6yrapH

3 Cp611, OJ). CBPJX fIlHCKO[]H}a aajnpocrpaaaja "6poJflo Hajjatta ~ewe PawKO-npU3peHCKG. OHa je t 789. nocrana cnajaf-beM POUJl(e I1JJU Hoeoaasapcre MinpOnOJlHje ca npU3pe-HCKOM, KOjOj le Bet ] 766. nparroieua Ilehcxa Apxaenncxonaja. OoaenHCKomfja 6HJJa je cpenHfja O~ ocranax, jcp cy fbOMe ynpasn.ann OJ), 1784.-]830

I1sY3eTHo .ABa lJ,06pa Cp6HHa Ml1TpononHTa, a ya TO O,IJ. 1840.-1849. H je~aH OPJJO peaax xecrar fPK j'!l'Ib ow uje, l<ojH ie He caxo npnanasao KPCHO MMe, Hero je napenao IJ,a ce cnaae If CB" Ba)f(HHjH Cp6H csera reJbH ..• Crora [e cane H npocaerua )IOtBOT ja'fe ce paaaaiao Hero no JlpyntM enapxajaaa. - Taxo je y nehH 1855, OCHOBaHa npaa »cencea uucona. I-by je OCHOBana Kany~epHLta xal,'" Kama Cususcea. nOfJeJJ, IJIKOJIC HalUttHlJ1a je osa QPKBH",Y H 'lIT MaHaCTHpHli, Y KOjH je npaaana na aery crape H HBHeMO ~ CMpOTHe )f(eHe. A 1872., aacnyraaa POAOJby6HBor TproBQ HryMDHoBa, OCHOBaHa je y Ilpaapeay BoroCJlOSCltO-YIIUtIIl'AiI'lll UJKona, Koja je ,(lana H Aaje nen 6poj Aoc5pHX yllBT He eUO CTapoj Cp6HjH H Ma AOHHjH.

1., Ypeijelbe. - )KuBOT npaBOc.'laBHe QpKBe Y KP!IJM .. _ Cp6~jl-1 pasna ee y. f!laBHOM no BaKony 0 '4pKBeHUM .AGe.

OA 1890., ca p,0Ll,HH1HM H3MeHaMa H AonYHaMa.

Ilapoxula Y crapaa rpaaauaaa HMa 904 ca 800 IlPK npel<o 1000 CBeWTeHHKa; a Y HOBHM KPajeBHMa 760 IlPOlIl_ M 6J11t3Y 800 CBeUlTeHHl<a. - Ilapoxe nOCTaBJbajy a fJ1aBH", OM je npHXOJ1, tiup 01{ aapoaa, 1(0jH rpatjaHCKe 8JI y HOBRie A06a xyne Y HOBlJ.Y I{ npeAajy CBeWTeHHD.HMcl. - • rpaHHuaMa napoxu]e cy 06U1{HO spno BemlKe; a Y HOBUM '" BPJIO MallHX 0,1). 20-250 MaXOM BaJI,PY)l(HHX Kyha, Y KOla peTKO 5, a apao qeCTO 0 20 H BH~e Aywa. Ty ce H aaaa

naBHIl npHXOJl, CBeUJTeHWil<H cacroja y )l(HTY, '1apanaM" nelDta ..

~HMa H T. n.; a Y HOBIW ie HaHOCHO HajBHwe OKO 300 AHKap A.IIw .. e.

CTora ce r.iHoru CBeWTeH"lJ.H (laBe H 3aHaTHMa. a Ben. .. " .. u .... HewKonoBaHl1; ,Il.OI{ y CTapHM rpaHHu_aMa HMajy 8H AO(SPO UDK8.~HO n CBeTCIW o6pa30Batbe, xoje CTH'Iy Y borOCJlOBH1H SeorpaA ((OJ . ll,pKBCHO/it UAfOBUHOM ynpaBlbajy HapO'lHTH myraopu JIB • ....,00" r<ojuMa cy CSeWTeItHlJ,H AY)I(HH nOMaraTH H pa'lYR

flpomoupccBumepama Y cTapHM rpaKRl{ a HOBHM 14. - 01U1 ce nene sa HaMecnuWIllH. KOJIU.

t<pajy JII\\a 52" a y HOBO 32. 0 OIDD.!C8II"'Dlt

I'naBIIOM, IUTO " nOJlHTH'IKH olCp,r napox~1ja lUTO H otuumuna. ctnfCKonH.

Eaapxuja HMa ocaa H TO

Jlllll,aMa. 8eorpad leU j

p6HjCJ(H. 0 T Y enI1IClCC.DII.

t aje'lOpy, Humy ~_

Kon,n,y, H MHTPO MHTPO'IiUlfllfl"

158

. .!loopetbe- enapxKjcKor enacxona, -- H3UPUUiH

~ 'Jl3 HJ.iJf HY)f(HO 0

cj . npore K HaMecHKllK.

opramf tberOB11yJ~~~HII CyiJ [ecre npH3HBHa BnaCT npOTHB 0MYI<a

Bt.'.7UKli .4. • • E

ttYXOBHUX CY.lI.OB3. - Ce.a;HWTeA MY ,Je y. eorPc3.!1.1; a nP':JJ.ce,lJ,llliK

. • nrlCI(Qn xora pXKJepejCKH aoop H3auepe Ha

Y Je Je}l,aH e r. . .

.M . U aHOBfI cy 06H4HO no jeAaH OKPY>KHH "POTa "'JIM

rOJUWY .naMa. -Ill . ' .

3 caaxe enapXHJe; a cexperap Je,llo He,IJ.aBIfO 0"0

apxu,'t\3HAPUl' H pxaeue nOCJlOBe npa MHHHCTapCT8Y npOC8el'e peq,epeHilT 33 l( . '

. KpaJb a eacrajy ce penosao JeAaHlTYT rO.lUiUHbe. _

J.1ueHYJe JlX , t5

. . oaora cyna Jl3 paaaorpa, OAO PH. npe.liHalJl-t J1JJ.H

3a)taTaK Je Ctba EnapxHjcKHX CYAOBaJ aaposaro y 6palfHHM C'IOYH.wWTU peui

_ npOTHB fberOBH" O,lJ;nYK;J. HeMa npH3HBa, a npecYJJ.t pOBJfMa.

- . KBeHe H rp3~aHCKe BnaCTK.

H~BPl1Jlt~uftpejCKti Caaop [ecre HajBH rna upxaeaa BnaCT y Cp6HjH.

_ npe,ltCeAHHK MY je MHTpononHT, a lfJlaHQBH CBM enapXHjck"

Pe"OBHO ce cacraie [enaanyr rO.!l.HWtbe y nponeke J.1JIH

e nltCI(OflJf. ,.,

je.:eH. Ce.a;"l-IuaMa je OOH"-IHO npacycrscsao J1 petllepeHar 3(1. ~PKBeHe

f10C.'10Be npu MHHlfCTapCTBY Flpocsere: a. caAa. rnaSHI1 Ha"-leJHtIfK MIfH~tC rapcrsa Bepa. Ilopea BepCKI1X, AYXOBHO-P;UCQI:fR.nHH~KJ.lX, JHt'J'\ pnJJclnlX If HepOHq)'LfHJ.1X nocnoaa, Y j\rJloKpyr Apx~JepeJCf(Qr Ca-

'i5~JP(t cnaaa H ua60p enHCKona, opraaaaoaareeenapxaja, napOxHja H ."~IHaCTlfpa, re pyxoaaise UpKBeHHM 4JOH,q,OBHMa If ynfuafhe Y AOHQrucae .u.p>KaBIHfX 3aKOHa H ypeaaoa sa ~PKSY H coeWTeHCl'BO. OCHM rora, K30 llPKBCHO-CYACKa snacr, Ca60p OOOJ CY,lUf H pacnpann.a CBe Ml:9ycOOHe paaaupaue ernfCKonA H MHTpOnOJUlTa. xao H KPHBHQe H111XOBe If 6palfHe cnopose f(paJha H CfnaHOBa spazseecxora Ao.\\a.

2. HeapanocJlGa"Q Y'iflba. - Y CTapHM rpaHH~aMa Cp6Kje

JclM3 OKO 50.000 PJ.1MOl<arOnHKa paaae HapoJJ,HoCTH; a Y HOBHMa 6lfhe If X OKO 30.000 BehHHoM ApHaYTa. PaJJ,H IbHX je Cp6Hja CKJlODHJJa I 9 14. KOHKopiJafIl ca nanox, no KOMe ce HMana OC~OBaTH y Beotpady je,lJ,Ha PUMOKalllO/lUIiKQ Apxueuucsouuja, nOA KOjy (5H nornaaa If ,l.\OCa,l.\alUlba CKOUCKQ Eaucxouuja. Hajjalfe je pHMOKaTOJlHliKO MeCTO [aueso, 4HCTO cpncxo ceno aa Kocoay ca CSnH8Y 300 KyJia; a ya TO jow HMa 2000 Kyiia pHMoKaTOnH'IJCBX ApaaYTI y Cxow.y. npuapeHY, neilH, T,aKoBHQH, MHTPOBH Te DO CUHMa )leTHH H CTy6nR (SJlIIBY ~J(.:tlUlra

H HaaapIHU Hn" n

I ,

6ewe AO cxopa caao jeaan y ceny BepOBU sa BperanHHllH Y MaJIewy. Y lbeMY HM3 OKO 20 Kany~epHu.a; a nocrao je 1850 aj ceOCKf u.PKBe. 1919, ocuoaaa je jaw jel\aH y ceny MRPK08~H, :~A CKonJha, ca 3 cecrpe. - Y Crapo] Cp6HjM HajaHaTJ1HjH cy MaHacTHP" rap~a1iuqa, p'eBI1.'I., CB. Ilpoxop nliUlbCKU H APyrH; a

l\'\ai1eJJ.oHl~j H CB. HaYM aa OXPH,lJ,CKOM [esepy, CB. JOBaH Buro,. . ~KUI MaHaCTI~pH KO,lJ, Ilpuneaa. Y CTapH,\\ rpanauaaa Cp6Hje t1ajaHaTHlfja je Cmyoenulla, na >Kulla, KalleHu#t1 Jbyoocmulba, PaBaHuqQ, MaHacuja It IlPynt. KaJlytj~pa [e yon~Te BPnp Mano. Ilonpexao He

o~e TeK HeWTO EH we OA Je,lJ,Hora aa Je]J.aH M8HaCTHp. Crora MHorH ~aHacTKPH" OC06HTO y HOORM KpajelUtMa, HeMajy HH je,lJ,Hor lCally~ep81 re cy ,lJ,3TH aa ynpasy napoxHjcl<HM CBeWTeHH~HMa. - Y MaH8- CTHPY Pal!oBUlIU KOJ1, Beorpana rrocrajana je HeKO BpeMe HapO'lMTa MOHalUKa WKOJ1a sa oepasoeaa,e I<anyt,epa; na je TY 1907. no-reo H3na311TJi lot J1HCT D.YXOBHQ Cmpasca, xao opraa MOHowlCor YopY'JICe1ba y i<pa1beBHHH Cp6KjH.

4. npOcBema U «n.uzcesuooa. - 3a o6paaoBaibe napoXH1CI(Or cBewTeHcT,Ba nocroja Beorpaacxa BoroC/lOBuja CB. CaBe, KOjOJ se ce aa Bpa-iapy nOJl,HliH BeJIHl<a arpaaa, A AOK ce Ta arpaAa He nO,lJ,HrHe, BOrOCJ10Buja je 1920. r. npecerseaa y CpeM. KapnOBlle. Y tby cy ce npl1MaJla neua "~OCHOBHe uixone, re cy AeaeT rOARHa y'lRna cpeJUbOWKOJlCKe H 60rOCJIOBCKe sayxe. ClAa ee npHMajy y y y K " KOjM CycBpwHnH 4 paapeaa cpe,IJ.tbe WKOJle, re OHa Tpaj ca 0 roA.

CSM cy cnY1lI30QH OBe Borocnosale yjeAHo H ftH nltrO.LB.

Y caaoi arpa,IJ.H HMajy aaje,IJ.HHIfKO H8JlP)l(8Balhe. IA 8 WMGNIY

nocralv napoxalcxa CBeWTeHHIlH ... B. R •• pwe

rO,IJ.HHa. A OHH KOjH BoroCJIoBHJy C8PW "O'UI""I" ~ __ ..

nonO)l(HTH HcnHT apeJlOCTB H H DI'f1'MM.:_ ••••• l~ •.

ocnasaiy ua BeorplA KOM ,l1.yxoBHe AICaOIMuj C/lOBuja. Koja A J no •• ,...

• BoroClliDJHnftf _

nHCTOBH: r.:n.I'III •. 1 cJ(or

*

160

Hcrnopuja HQltUOHO/lHe ~KB.e, xojy npO.yqaBajy. H ~BerOBfbau.H, a AKaiJl'Muja 110yKO U3Jl,aJe H3j60JbY " Haj06HJ1HHJY rpa1}y sa npo-

Y1faBafDe 1~pJ{8eHe npolll~OCTrf. .

y 6eorpaJl,Y nOCTOjKP'PYWrIIBO CB. Caee, xoje H3)J.aje I{Jh

. lire

ca peJ1UrnjcKO-Hal.VIOHamHfA\ C8,1J,pmaJell\, a HapO'UITO CBoje oparu-

aaeo, re JIpmu Be~epfbe uncone sa MJJa)J.ulie, R'OjH Aafby pa)le If aacny>Kyjy If3JlP>K3BafDe a Hohy Yife. Ha Beorpancxoa Y HHBep311_ Tery nocroin Bet HeKOJHIKO rOAJ.fHa, . no e.Hr~eCKOl'r1 ocpacuy, Xpu~ UllioHcKa .3ajeaHU140 CmyiJeHawo, KOla lf3,1J,a]e H nena peJUfrl1jcKO-

MopaJIHOr caJlpmaja.

IV. CpnCKa UPKB3 Y J(aJlMaIlHjH H liOQH KOTOPCKOj.

11) npOWllocr

I. noa Yl'puJ1fQJ TypqUMO U MJ1eIIUliuMa .. _ JYiKHY AaJlMaI!l1jy " fioK}' KOTOpCKY HaCeJlKJHf cy Cp6u Bet sa ceooe aa oaJlKaHCKO OonyocrpBo. A y Cesepnoj ,n;aJlMaQ~1jK, nOqeBWH OJ1. peKe U.el"fHe, HacraHlfJH1 cy ce XpBaTJf. Ho Beft OJ{ X. B. npenass H Cp6u: y Cesepay ,l(aJIMaQHjy, a HapO'lHTO y XIV. B., rcaAa [e THM KpajeBHMa snanana jvrella, YJJ.OBlu,{a XPB3TcKora 6aHa Mlla{)cllu Ill. Wy6ulia, a cecrpa uapa t(ywaHa. TaJJ.a cy H .u.aJ1htaTuHCKh' rpauosa Hnuc u CKpaa HeKO apeste 6KJIH Y BJlafT" cpncuora uapa. OrYA "3 rora sexa nornsy csa TPH MaHaCTHpa y l1.aJlMaI..(Hjlf:

I<pyua OA 1317.) KPKU 0,1], t 350. .. Iiparosut: OJ( 1395.) xao 3a~y)f(- 6HHe cpncxux rocnonapa " Ilanyljepa. I{PKY cy nOMaraJIH 11 cpnClm .necnOTH B3 Cpena 1494. Ho rJIaEHa ceo6a Cp6a y AanMa~Hjy a6MJJa cc rex Y XVI. B. }-by cy 1138eJlH TYPLtH nocne 1540". Ka,fJ,a cy OCBOjHJJI1 .llaJIMaLtHjy, Aa nacene nycre 3eMlbe; jep ce MHorH XpBaTH npen TYPLtHMa YI(J10HHrue sa OCTpB3 '" Y J.1TaJlHjy. 3a Typasa je .l1.anMaQHja, c )lHKOM H J{p6aaoM, ca-nnsaaana KJlUIUKU H JIU'l.KU· C~H1,1aK 60C~HCf{Or n~wanYKa. Crora je J.f Cpncxa Ilpxsa y Ceaep .. HOJ ,i{anMaLtHJH, xana Je 06HOBJbeHa Ilehcxa naTpHjapwHja, Aowna nOJl snacr oaopooocascso» MJ.tTPOrIOJlHTa, xao HaMecHRKa-eraapxa narpalapxoaa OH je KpajeM XVJ. B. npeneo CBOjy CTonUQY Y aan8AHY 60CHY, a HapOliHTO Y MaHaCTHp PMalb Ha YRH Y C.:M0J au.aQHjH 6ao je H AaJbe, xao H aOA YrpHMa, BUlIH _111'08 H AYXOBHH CTapeWHHa KPIIKU arYMall f(Be H HapOAa H enHCIOn

162

WT HMK CUJHeOH J{OH'4aptBUn. f{OjH je ca3HBa.O HapOJ).I1C H CBf--

<IKe 3.c'OpOBe re sapon H CBeWT~CTBO xparipao Aa HCTpaJmTf Hlh . U r _, . y

y 6op61:1 sa npa80CJ)3BJbe, OH Je aaapscao ,HapOA na He 6YKHe 'i

KPB3SH ycr3HaK, K3A cy aexe cpncxe upxse C~J10M nopyweHe. re ce MHonl CpO" nOl.fenH H"ceJb8BaTU Y AYCTPUJY H TYPCKY.

Haj>Kewlle npora fbalbe Cpoa 6ewe Y Jlooa aaAapCKora HaA(;HCk)'na 3,MajeBUlia, - OK je 1748. r, pallH nponaraaae OTBOPRO /1JlUpCKO CeMeHuwme y 3a.u.PY. J{OMe 6erne rnaasa capxa na cnpeMH MHCHOHape aa o6pa1ialbe npaSOCJI.asHHx tl,aJ1MarHHalla y JlantHe·fRO. CnlitfHO CeMeHHwTe nOjlHrHYTO]t: H Y CIlJhery; a onarne cy liWJIH y na)l.OBY H3 AaJbe HaYJ<e. 3a.o.apcKo CeMeHlfwTe lIocTojano [e iO rOJ),HHa, aJlH HHje HHKaI(OBa ycnexa nocrarno: .HaKO rOTOBO HHje.u.He TaMHlfue Hlfje 6Hno. Y KOjOj HHje OHO saraopeu no KOj., npaoocnaBHII csewr'eHHK, Kao To6Q}f(e rnaBHH paanor aaUJTO ce npal:WCnaBHlfM Cp6lfMa y JlaJlMa(J.HjH He na enaceon HaBO.D.Hno ce cpncco p),cog,U.'lCrIIBO, HeBepHOCT Peny6JlHQH H Te'lKlba 3a enaCRonOM paJlH Jlal<Wer nOMaraJ-ba Pycaxa . _. A upnaeua H HapoJ,vm npeJlL'TaBHlIlI;'f, K(lJl eM BnaCTH Hli «axo He XT~JlOIUe ,IlOI1YCTIiTH 11300p ennceoua, cacrasv ce 1750. caMK KO.n upxse C~, Hnuje aa J].aJ1- Man1HCl(OM Koco[;y H H3a6epy UPOTY Caaeoaa KOHlJapeI:nrka 3a csora enacsona. no Hape.a.oJf nencxor rrarpaiapxa, CHMeOHa [e pYKon0J10)KHO aa enlfC}{Ona Jla6pol'5ocaHcKH MH'fponOnl1T raBpIUIO. AJ]_}f je Cl1MeOH 6p30 nporaaa OJl. ~p)t(aBHe anacra, l'e je Mopao ocraairru ~aJIMa~"jy H HaCTaHHTH ce y JlH~H; a xana je npOrJlaWeH aa .. ~p*aBHor H3~ajHHKa. OT8111ao je Y Pycajy, rile ie H YMPO ] 770. r, y f<HjeBY Ty je OR nanacao cuo] 3HaMeHUTH Jlernoauc lIPKlIt:'HUX u l'Pa~aHCKlJX dOl'ufjaju) BamaH J.13BOP aa HCTOPHjy Cpn-

cxora Hapona y j.{anMau,HjH.,. - - Cp6u cy " AaJbe OCTanH (Sea JlyXOBHor craperuuse. YnpaBY je HOAHO apXHMaHAPHT MaHaCTapa Kplce. a AYXOBHe nocnoae 06aBJbam1 cy enHCI(OnH 08 XpaaTcre H Cnaaouale.

M.nelfohy cy jow 1708. r. u8AanH aaKoH, AI y AauaqaJlI He MO)l(e 6lfTJ. llPyre aepe OCHM pHMOKaTOnH'IKe. eTOr. cy ,HK r.:Jl!Jl8JlH aa npa~OCJlaBHe Cpue xao Ha YUHjaT H 00"1181". TN pJlMoJ(aTonHCfKHx enacxona. A 17511., AI

.,...-~. - I AI eBB clew eHHQH, JCojH •• 11"

163 IlpaaocnasHHM Cp6HMa. - npOTHB

It CBewTfHcTBO. 're cy OJ), 1760 sa :?~a YCTao je orop'eHa HaJ)OA

. C .. YcntMaibeM Pyc .

MHPHMJH . .u.aHH pnCKOM HapoAY y AanM . HJ~. HlcTynllJlll

YKKtiYT je y MlleTa'H<oj Peny6mu-l" 3aKOH a~flJH, HaJDocne 1780.

npHFlHaBaTH YHHjy, 're je no CBRMa ' Aa npaaocnaBHIl .Opaly

• I cpnCKKM l-lPI(

IV!]" AP>KaHO csexauo 6narO,lJ,apelbe aa B BaMa y Aan .. -

MOOH1 cy npaBo_CJJaBHH Cp6H Y AanMal.(H'H eCT 0 TOMe. TeJt CIA&

Cpncsa Ilpxea nOT'IHlbeHa Ie J AaHYTH Mano AYWOM.

• U _ 110HOII0 O(iHODn... .

-erll1C.conlfJK Y lVlJleLtltMa, Koja AOOM jYPMCAHK' - 0) rp'lKOj

CJrallHHMa no HCTPH, t{aJlMaI.(HjH J1 So K qHJ~ RaJ( CBBMa Dpuo.clwn nOCTaBHO je OAMax Kp'iKOr ap u.: OTOPCl(oj. MneTa'l1(8 en·

HOBHHa aa caora saxapa y ltaJIMau.~: Ha~~Hl'a ~Hl(aHOpa 60rynoveo npHJlHLJHO MlfPHO re-tiM A U!lI • QU, 1'e Je )l(BBOT l(plCBe

. ~Aa Je 1790 n

enncsorr y MJ1eUHMil YMpu. y6pao Ie H MIIeT .• ocne_R rp'llCll

uana, Te je /!aJIMaUl-fja no MHpy C ..... a'iKa PeayCSJJlIKa DpO-

797 ' 't-"paHQYSRMa y Ka· .. • lit. •

] ., nocrana aycTpHjcKoM npoBMHI.\HjoM • :--o..,op IY

.apxHMaHJlPHTa' Fepucussa .:JeJ1ulia1 aa • AYCTPBJa Je 0PB8HUa

11' AYXoBKor ynpaBKllk C

llpKHc Ii HianM311J1JU, cUlM tfaa6paHor enHCKOD H a pncxe

nOTBp,ll,l1TH. UJIa ~H'ue cua Cpncaa A a BICO.""a lie XTe"e

, anMaT.HeRa Qp It.

HOBO nOTLJHJ-hfUa pHMOKaTOJlKlfKHM RBI uB 00-

'feme nOHOHO rpnae HeBOlbe". enHCKon.Ma, re 8a CpCSe no-

3, nod 4>pall4yauMa u A uCIllPU,iQH

ItS05 6 - ,,',/ qua. - M

>KYHY • Mary Hna Je AYCTpHja "an bl 1.1..._

~ ~ 814..,)' •• ~

noc~awe clJ.aAa p~HQyaH. OHK 0AMax npHCTYDllwe

ype.)efby anMa':IlJe H aaKOtf 0 Bepcl(Qj TOIl PIN

Me~y OCHOBHe 3aKOHe. WTI BlIWe, no i"t_

Bell je I RON. nOTOJICaO HaaOJleoH ~MYICY .: '4i'1l~CKQl" -.

YCTaHoBHTH CQMOCraaJlHG cp"(tea B AII lti ..

I'OC nosuj«, a 7pOI,Uf(08e aa HHL(a; na H elMO AP>KaB8 H a.po je aa enllCKO

164

Wu6eHUICY. a IlO~'1H~eHe cy My H CppCKe onMY je OJlPe~eHO Y n H Ilepoj, xoje y XVI. 8. HaCeJlHWe-

lUTIiHe Y HCTP" ~ on:or H3MeCHHKa Y BOD.HKOTOPCKOj q()UpHoropIlII, 3a enHCKonc 3enHii Y HCTO speae H3i5a'leHH cy nacTaS1I"eK je apXHMaHAPHT x npKa~a a pOMOKaTOJJH"IKKM cBeWTeHII_

H3 cpnCKH ~ ,

THHCKH OJlTapH H30a.a.ajy npaBOCJlaBJbe y nponOBe']'U(Ma.

nH.Ma [e aa6patlJeHO Aa nOKOJ'HHKe Ii o6aoJhajy apy re oopeAe. _

paBocn3BHe • II •

na npaTe n ell [U'33 Cpncxoi UPK8H Y j.\aJlMaltKjK rpaHyo

TaR.) je c Aon3CKOM pan

HOBH 1KHBOT. 814 AycTpHja DonOBO aayae AaJlMau,Hjy .. MCTPY

AnH Beli 1 '. -befbe Cpncxe l.\pKse OHaKO xao uno cy

r\ . oeT3BHJla ypel) .

- - \..ua Je .• anH fbeHH .paHaTH'IJ<H ynpaBHH~1t lOW Ayro

c:l>paHQyaH yoe.mt I nH uP. tJHMa J,ta )KUBe Cn060.D,HO y CBO~ npastley ]J,0nycTH

BpeMeHa aCTynHwe renee npanaxe Hero HJ<3,1l" Hah:{)

BocnaBJbY .. Call ynpaBo. :y onxax a 30aHH"IHO TeK 1828., Cpnck"a

. KOM BnaWn 1'1 ,

je c aycTP"JC . ,lJ,OlliJla nOA .u.yxOBHH Ha,Q.30p J<apnOaa'1Kor

UpKBa y .l{anM3 LtHJH

MIJTpOnOnHT3. J{ eHuti mHBeD je .. P8.AlfO, 3a. ¢lpa. H u Y3a If npae

BJlanHKa pazs .

, Bnan3BHHe Kao npsa erraexon H npHJaTeJL.

OJl,liHe aycl'puJcKe 1"0 •

.RBe r 1815 xpeue JlPyra'lHje H na ce AOABopn MaA" npeA"

HapoJ,ta. AnH .0 aa ce Cpncsca L\PKB3 y AanMaltHjH It BOQ"

omH joj nna... KaKO ,... M r

J1 , 11 1820 Bell ce npacrynano TOMe nocny. - 3 aJJH-

nOYHIiJaTH. . YHHj'aTCKa CBeWTeHHKa, na OTBope 6oro-

ie cy jlOBe.u.eHa TpH ,

UHJ lllH6eHHKY 11 cnpeaajy YHHJ3TCKe coelUTeHHl(e.

CJIOBCKY ~:O:Ye:o PO.a.OJby6HBor Ima,a,nlJJ.fHOr nporocauhena l<upuJut AJJa cy Cp ~n Pan" aa TO OJlM3X je opraHH30HaH orrtop. _

IIBemKoBUnu caaH '

u.'. p8D Alfrowe H o6jauHwe CBHMa una HM 811a-

UUH6eHHQaHH ce n

. e HapO]J,HH npeACTaBHH~H OrOpqeHO nOTY~"We

AHKa cnpexa, Te c ' It ..

nOBaQKOM CmpamU.MUpOBU Y H YMonHwe nOMOn.

MHTpononHTY xap n

Ii e OAMaK eueprasao aayae aa paaocaas y

CTParMj"~PO~H ~eKH nnaXOBHTH Jby.a.H sei; 1821. HaYMe, AI e

A~MaUHJH'pe~: nOYHHjaheHor BnaJ).HKe. Ho Mecro lfJe yd

yuHCTBoM . . a CS,Jle nD4'''.11Y

jeAHor YHHjarcKor KaHOHHKa, KOJH Je aourao A ..,

KIll TO BIf,ttew-e OHa APyri JJ.Boju~a PYCHH8. llO~ JiS""lIUJJlt. aa .. lIMa Ie no(Jerao H ca A H .p

:>KaO, rra [e nOCJIe 11.0 CMPTH 1857. npO)f(HBHO Y MaHaeT.PY Seaa y EaHaTy.

360r sepena, KOju HacTynHwe y OCYCTBY Kpan.e8Idieay' nOJl.U)f{e ce 1827. )f(HB noxper Y HapoAY K aycTpKjcKa UClAa, Ha ~~aY:"HfMaH,e MHl'pOnOJ1HTa CTpaTHMHPoBHka, YMBPOBH KpaJlte8na, a sa M.eCTO tberOBOllap HMeHOBa rOMHpcKor apxaMaH.p.1'. jllcUtjm Pajauuita, n~TOl-ber cpncxor naTpHjapxa, - BnaAIL

Paja-nth npacrynao Je °AMax ypeljelbY enapxHje. An. yCSpao jeAaH HeMMO nojaa npexane CBe ,lheroBe POAOJbY«SHBe HaMepe.

je jensa ycneo ,[J.a 1833, oCHYJe 6oroCJlOBCKY UJiM lUIepUICQJlHY 1III<OJ1Y y WHr5eH"J(y~ Ha HMe: ABa HeaaJbana CBeWTeHHKa KOle je BJla.a.KKa norepao y pen, nOTpa}f(e 1832. aaWTHTy kO,tt rY8e~ aepa j]UJwjeHoYPI'U H npe1jy aa YHHjy, a npeBapoM npe8eAY It HeKe caoje napoxajaae, Fysepaep ie TO jeABa AO'leKao H no .. e CBOM CH1IOM noxararu OBe HeBaJbane caeWTeHHKe" YHlljy. TOr • He nane Paja-rahy na ype,IJ.H KQH3HCTOPHjy, HM aurra APyro UlTO ie OH >KeJlno JJ.a ypaaa y KOPHCT npa8oc.naBJba. A KlAa sa 11M leAaH OA nOYHnjal1eHHx CBeWTeHHKa norH(5e, HaCTa npora a.e ~paBocJ1aBHJ.1X 11 npaao rOtbelbe Ha YHHjy. CaMe &JIICTR no •• rOWe Bel.HKe YHJ.1ja'rcKe upxae Y /(pU'IKQMa. Ba"',#UMQ, BpJIIU'IU re 'I

THM CeJIHMa OCHOHame 1835, TPH YHHjaTcKe napo IIj n

800 JJ.Y11l3 II nonsproure HX YHHjaTcKoM p em .KPI1)t{ffjUHMa... Paja'JHh ce YHHjlt H JOAny H 1834. npeaecraure aa BJlIAHKY BpWa'lKOr y

.J1Sa6paHH enacxona (ipso a8XBanMwe )I DIDltlGllJlI xHje, re cHpoMawHH HapoA HalU y Au.. _tala

.IlaHHMa cae AO 1843. (Sea ceora AY 08 or

OPCMC, a HaMMe I 41., n M W _.. I ••••

enscxona y 3aJ(ap

re nOJ( HOIHM rY'.IIIt1IID.. • ...

UpKBe y J.l.I' •• -:iill1.

BpeAHM If!

je y AIJIMIIlIIII llpal

1

KOM rex }herOBY HaCJJeJJ.HI1KY, pn.n,OJby6HBOM it Jtey-

nowno aa PY. CmeA-.ouy J<Hf::JICt'.BUliy (1853.-1890.). 0 ..

PHO M sJlaAIUUI v: 89 n

MO' Dr Hl1KOi)U.~1 MUJloW (I O.~HnO.), HMajy .. a'

erOH HaCJle~lmK • ...]-

tb aa .no6po ypei}l'lbC H aanpenax Cpncrce U.PKBe v

[)If we aaCJIyra C J

. _ f{ue}f<CBJik je npourapuo eveuuuuue iii BOrOCJ10BUIY

)1aJ1MaLJ,IIJ~-f. le H3cTojao na ce nO,lJ,H>KY urkone HapOAHe; a Yllll-

y 3a~pYI re JMHoro Jl,a jc cpncxa uapouua CBeCT ,y l~aJl-""aUJtJI1

HHO Je 8pno I • •

cnnHO ojalf3J13. Oil yWTe,lle ~BOJe OCTaBKO Je H ABe""'SClA)'>KOU1ie.

X aene cTHneH.Il.HJe 3(1 R1HlJe oopaaosaa,e CBeWTeHCTBa ,!la ce na fun ,...

'II sa nOMaratbe rtPJ{HeHe f<l-bH)f\eBHOCTlf.

y bOI{U f(omopCKOJ Bek OlJ. 4>patlQY3a 6exy apXl1MaHAPlll'U

H3MeCHljUJI ~nHcKoncKH. A as }l(eJbe H AWJ16e EOKfJL3 1870. oelio. noceoHa ernlcKoflHja aa {jOKY Ii D.y6pOBltUKJ ca ceJJ.HWTeM aaaa je

u Inl1 - Ilpsa emtCKOn 6eIJJe Dr. Fepacuu lJempaHoBUh

y nOWOy,,' .

(t 1906,), xoja je CROjy enacxonury neno ypenao, re sa 6yijel-he

HapoAHe CBeCTH ~i sa u.pKBeHY KfbIUI{eBHOC~ cr evao MHoro 3ac.:'Jyra.

C B )KHBOr cao] 6ewe OH nocnerao cpncrcoj J<JbK3If, ltpJ(8U II JJ.u6py

a . ~

lfapo}1HoM. A O,!J, yurrene CBOJe DCHOBao Je 'VOH,6, aa nOMaralb~

ueipaaoBaHla saHar JlHja I Ii BeWTaKa. .

)to 1873. 6Hna je Cpncxa UpKRa y AaJlM3U"J" caAfoyuPQIJltU u caMO Y IlYXOBHOj 3aBUCHOCTW o~ l{apJlOBa"JlCe MlJTPO11 OJ1Hje.

Te rO~H~e, 360r nose nOJUITHLJKe nonene AycTpo-YrapcKe MuHapxHje, onyaera je OHa OA J{apJ10Bal:lKe MUTpononJ.fje H cjeJJ,Hl-heHa c npaBOCJI3BHOM UPKBOM y SYIWBRHIf, xao ienna BYKOBUHCf.·().n.ollMamuHcKo MumponoJluja. - 1 9 19, ocno6o~eHa je re aeae II y cacras cje).lHlbeHe Cpncse . Ilpxae, JlaH311Hbe Cpncse Ilarps-

japwHje.

iiI CAA,AWfhOCf.

Cpncsa Ilpxaa Y j{aJlMall.HjH It DOUlt i{OTOPCKOj liMa OKO 120.000 npasocnaaaax Cp6a, OJ( KOj.IX cy 6nHsy 90,000 Y AanMaQlljH, a npexo 30.000 Y 601,tH.

I. Ype~eJhe ce pasaa, xao K y BYKOBHHH, npeaa /lYXOBIfOM

PltIltlMDHY napa jocK,a J I. OA 1786., 06H08JbetiOM 1843. u

8M CfIlQlIl,fllY O,Q 1884.

'fI/IDXll/tI H 104 ca 2g0 qpRlla H

.. MlJ •• IKonR y Y

167

L(pKBeHO-OaUlrtlUHCKU 'CaBem nocTojH Y CBa' •

KOJ napoXHJH aa PYKo8atbe u.pK8eKOM HMO~HHOM. tbera Ca'lHlhaBa 6-14

e . 'lJIaRoaa

caBeTtlHKa H CBeWTeHHKa. aBeTHHKe (iupa)y napox •

. 0 BlaHH, a nOTap-

~yje l:(oH3HCTOpIf!a. HH caM~ riHpajy H8Me1jy cene npeAceAHMKa

" TpH Lf.JJaHa, HOl" Ca'lHl'baBaJY U.PKBeHo TymOpcUlBO. - OBII ca coeUJTf!HHKOM, HOACe cae nOCJlOBe U.pl{BeHe HMOBOHe H KpajeM c~aKe

rOP'HHe nOAHoee aBeTY Ha nperneA QPKBCHe pa'lYH C

. e, a 8BeT HX

no,aHOCH KOH3HCTOPUJH aa o.ll.o6pelbe.

Euapxuje cy ABe: 3aiJapcKa H BOIW-l(omo.nCKQ'

• y ,a enHCKone

je HMeHOBao uap aYCl'pHJCKH. - rInaTY Ao6Hllajy OA

E . J(, " Ap)I(aBe.

aopXUJCKe OH3ucmopu~ HMaJY no TPH '1naHa, Koje je HMe-

HOBao uap, a npe,[{ceAHHK liM ]e enHCKon. H OHe AO(SHBajy KSAP)f(aBa Ibe O.ll. Il.P)f{3 fJ e.

ApxujepejcKu CUHOiJ nccrojao je OA 1874 Ilnence

. ,. ... ,... AHHK My

je 6HO MHipOnOJlHT 6YKOBHHCKO-AaJIMaTHHCKH, a '!JlaHOBH o(}a

cpn.CKa "aJlMaTM~CKa enacxona. CaCTaHI.\H ce ()('iAP)l(aBaxy y BellY, re je CB3KH enacxon Morad ca CO<>OM nOBeCTH no jeAHOr CBeWTeHHKa CBOt', xao 4J13Ha caBeTHHKa.

2. MaNacmupa HMa 11 R TO 3 Y J].anMaI.\HjH, ally BOU_H.

Kanyljepa I1Ma. 38 H TO Be'liHHOM Y )lanMaI.\HjH. Mano HX ie y lIIaHaCTHpHM3, jep cy MHorH ua napoxHjaMa a60r OCKYA"~e y napoXHjCKOM cBeWTeHCTl3Y·

3. npOcBew~ U KlbuxeBHocm. - PacaAHHK QPKBeHe npo-

CBeTe y /J.aJlM3QHlH 6ellle 8orOCIIOBuja_ y aaiJpy, Y KOjy ee H-

Maxy CBpweHH Y'IeHHlJ.H cpeAfbHx WKOJIa. a H ca weCT P P A Ya EOrOCJ10BHjy nocrolao je H CeMUHap 88 aajeAHH'I1CII 60rocnOB3.

L(PKBtHY Kl6u:rceSHOCIll pa8BHjao je

aallMamUHClCe ~p"Be, J(ojH je Manl8HO Y QtIJILDY;

>KeOHUK CBeTCKora raac G w 01 eOHCKOn aaaapeD.. OjH npaoa H HaqHOHI~He K

v.

I

POrroJlHT KpajeM XVI. B., npeaeo CBOjy CTO-

. a6apCJ(n MHT ,

CTOra J I! A . na ie cr3Hoaao Y PM1bY H APyrHM. MeCTJfMa. nO'leT-

"flY y raj KpaJ, J [e MKrpononHTCKa ,lJ,a6apCKa CTOJ1HLJ.a y

VII~ YCT3JbeHa

I(OM X . B. pOnOJlHja HaSHaH" ,lla6po-!3oCQHCKO.4l. y

CapajeBY (1713.) It MilT MHoro OWIH'IHHX rproaana It aaHa1'JlHJ"a

. • CiHJJO TaJla . . . •

apajeay Je oc06KTOM Jby6a8Jby npeaa CpnCTSY H

.e oAmuW8a.nI'l

KojH cy C je 1722 narpajapaunor npoTOCHH~eJT BlIca-

Y re HX .

npasoc.na8Jb 1 POljf1Toj neeAIH nOXBaJ1HHIJ.U, HCTaKao I<'ao

• flaoROBulr Y sa I r 0

PUJOH I oJby6Jba M 01laHOCTH ~pKBH. Hif. cy ()H.'lH

P epncxor POA l:'

npBMe csera n paBOCJ)aBHor aapona Harner y r..:nCKJ1 M

HM rrpe,llCraBHHUIf ".

fnaB 6 -<lipaJ1" /I Hpon01UfTe, KOJe 8M Je n3Tp1fJapx oek-

6 IIHO caMIt ce H u . . .. .

o Ii C HfcaBeCH'f"" HeKHM MHTpononU:THMa cTaJanu

ell" 1l0C8etmBBo. . a HacToJ'aJlH na Y I 'PICBH BJTaJJ,a pe,n H pa.u. Ha

I If limBO .. I L-\

'Y Y onpeut . IJOM OCIiIM OBe MM1'pOno.nHje oGHOBJbelia

f:i !by HapOJl, 1 •••

~pOC8e U.B: 3BOPHU'lKG Eaapxuja, xoja BO.D.H cao]e nOpef<JIO seh

Je y XVL '. Mane lfpaJba ~parYTHHa y- ceBepO-HCTO'llfoj

XIV II Y Bpe!'l\e . .

113 .', . a Ha3Ba ce If OHa MHTpOnOJlHjOM, re }e npe-

SOCHI!. 3a <PaHl1pUOT

xeurreus Y Ty3JlY· IJ [e "Mana Hcnpaa BJ1aCT caao nempOBCKG Euu-

Y Xepl/erOBUH i E . . C

HHUB CBeTocaBCKe XY.MCKe auexouuje ca 1'{)Ha.

-soauja xao HaCJbeA ". • .

( '6 a neilcKe naTpHjapwHJe OCHOBaHa je Y xana-

A nocae 0 HaSJb81b . n .

a on TpeOLifbQ ~OBa enacsomua. - eTpOBCKa re.

CTHPY TBP OUlY K nerpoBa MaHaCTHpa y XVII. 8., npeHeceHa \

nOCJIe paaopetea . OJ' T 'PHOj fop". Te ce Ha3HB3na joru H nOIlY-

Huauune Y AaHalUfb y •.

Baure nyra cnajaaa ie ca Tpe6ulbcKoM, D.O~ y

xepl/erOBG'IKOAl. • X

. HallHO HLlllje3na. Taaa je aa epuerosauy OCTa1l8

XVI JJ B. lHije KO X 3

. 6 MHTPOrIOJIHja xola ce Ha3Ba epqeroBu'l.Kb G-

caao Tpe 1ftbCKa I M

npyre nOJlOBlfH€ XVIII. B. KMa CetJ.HWTe y octaapy

XYMCKOM if 0,[( •

Kana je Ilehcxa Ila rpajapuraja yKHHyTa ,lJ.OWJ1a je K CBa

X eroaassa CpncKa L..\pKBa no,D, BJ.aCT 4»aHapHoTa. -

Boca HCKO- epu

. . 0 jana 3aJVlBaJUf allK HHCY MornH Y8ecTH rp'fKO

OBH cy JOJ MHor ~ ".

HH Y CBO:HM peaUAeHL(HjaMa. HaWK npeTIlH H y oaRIi

cJoroCJIy>Kelbe J •

o(lnacTHMa 6PU)I(lbH80 cy tjYBaJJH oepy II napoasocr eDolY, re cy

aek y npaoj nOJlOBHHH XIX. 8. nO,ltHrnH H HelCOJlMKO HapOJl8JlX

IIIIIML A KaJUl je OMep nama, nOTYPlJeHH. CpdBH MI II

Beo petopMe ) 60CHM, nOlJeo J

.. tA)'je, na y _"'t"~~

aJlH HeYMopaH paAeHHK, re [e K aa KtbH)I(eBHOM nOJbY AOCTa Y"MHHO, npHK}'nJbajyJiK H wTaMnajytm HapOAHe YMOTBOPHH; M ODM" cyjykH }KKBOT H 06H'faje uapona caora ... A y SOCHIf, Y MtTO ape., CTeKna je MHoro aacr.yra aa npocBeTY CpncKor HapoAa OA4H~Ha Ae90~K,a KanyijepHLla Xa~1H CruaKQ CKeHdepOBG, xoja [e 1858. OCHOsana npay cpncxy }t."(~HCl(y III1(ony y Capajesy, CBOjHM yr1le1\OM KO;' TypCKHX BJ1aCTU OHa je MHore OJiaKIlUfl\e npHtlaBHJla Cpncxo] L\PKISM u npocaera, Heurro .D.OUHHje (OKO 1865.) JJ,OWJ1a je y BocKY jeAHa nJleMeHHTa eH.rneCHMtba MltC AdellUHu J1p6u, Koja je cas cao] )KHBOT H BenUKu "It\alb'e nOCBeTHna cpnczo] npOCBeTK H CHPOTHIbH Y (jOCHH, Xepuerosaan H tl,anMaLtHjM. - YMpJla je 1910. y CapajeB)" .a aaXBaJIHH Cp6K AOCTojHo cy je onnal<aJlH.

2, nod Ayctapujo», - Ilocne «puaaor HapO.D,lfor YCTaHKa oa J 875.,y KOMe cy yqCCTBOBaJUI H MHOr" POJl,OJby6MUK cBelUTeHH1(1I K KaJIy1jepH, a HpPOtfHTO 3HaMeHKTH aoisoaa non DOI'OQH 3UMOHJuli aayaena je AYCl'pHja 60CHY Y CMKcny OepJlKHCKOr YroBopa on 1878 (If}1. 25.). - OA TO .o.06a Hana>Kaxy ce SOCHa H XepllerOBHHa rIOA tbeHOM 4iaKTH"iKOM anauray, na cy 1908. K npHnojeHe KJIIt aH eI<TOBaH'e tiHne AYCTpO· Y rapceo] MOHapxHjH.

Ca aycrpujcKU"\ Jl,OJ1aCJ(OM aacrynane cy Y OBKM aeMJbaMa J).pvre npanaxe 8 3a CpnCKY npaaocnaBHY QPK8Y. - AycrpHja je . l880. CI<JIonHJJa KOH8eHllHjY, yrosop ca QapHrpa.o.CKOM IlaTpHjapUlJ.tjoM. no lbeMY je Flpaeocnaaao] l..\PK8H y BOCHH H epueroBHHH npuaaara yuyrpaunsa caMoynpa8a, 1I0iJ. BP OBHOM JJ.YXOBIiOM snauray uapurpaacsor naTpHjapxa .

AYCTpHjcKa anaaa aaana je aa HeaaAOBOJbCTBO p6a

fpllHMa MHTpononHTHMa H nOCTapa.'la ce, Aa "IHM np

cpaHapHoTcKY 8naCT y CpnCKOJ ~PKBH 0 H H

Crera je y6pao YM"pOBJheH caPO}t!tlCltU PO OA

)berOBO MeCTO 1881 no 1" M H Mau.Qe

6HHlUH capajeBcKH Y~HT ICO j II je Kao MII8A IfIIIy

Capajea. y 8eo ·MNI ..

169

170 , oaaa JIB 3aAPa Oi\JlH~HOI'a npory

npe csera, n n

. J1Hl·H. CTora, . e no yaopy Cpncxe MaJiMaTIIHCKe

HTpono ...... H ca tbHM 'B.

HUKollojeBulJQ CYACTBO re OCHOBa OrOC1)08MJY

'So~a yRpaBY H , .

. peAH upr<BeHY . CapajeBa. A Kana Je 1885. POAo-

QPJ(Cse, HYHapOM Y PeJbeBY. Kf{0AcaHOBHIi opaHeJiH npaBOCnaBJbe R

ca eM CaB8 ocai •

,t( .. MHrpononHT aCTHMa H oruurao Y MHP. nOCTaB-

JbyuHBu . f<o6 C Bn .

O 110wao 'J cy MeCTO - 06a OBa MHTpOnOJlHTa

CPOeTS , ~ . 1; H3 EberOBO . .

' HHKOJJaJfSH npaBOCJlaBHY U.PJlBY Y EOCHM ca8ec-

]beM je CpnCKY

cy aaAy)f(HJla O,(HJlHHM npMJl03HMa H aaKlIaACtMa

MHoro paAOM H U

anXHnaCl'MPClCHM Oooiaua cy OUJlK H Bpe.lJ,HK J..:tbH)f(eBHH

HHM Y cpnCKe. vu . t.

paCT npoCBeTe . aUK UCTOP. HJCKe rpa lJe sa npOYlfa-

y 1(0 TO CKY ITJb ~ '.

HH'IH a H3POlfH wer HKKOJ'TaJeBHfi]e YMPO v

pilAf "" I o~a Ha . . . . J

. npoWJ10CTJt" Hap I- 1903 y UPHOj Topu, rne le v

SalLe. 1896' a f{oca HOB" n ' .

C aJeBY . I

ap \UKBOT npOBOAHO. KPY n"

6) CNl,AUJJDOCT.

DOeHH n Xepueroaanu I1Ma 6.'1U3Y npaBOc.naOHHX Cp6a y

}eAaH MHJIUjOH, _ Ito ] 905. Ilpaaocnaaaa Cpnc({a. ~pt(Ba y

I. Ypelje .. e. .. noceduor ypeijetba, re JOJ }I<HBor

. ana HHK3KOBor . ~ .

60CHH HHJeHM II'!. rpeoano. Il.lra saure, OJ.1lIO re ,14

xao llJTO wi

HHje csaraa TeK30 C Ko6a }f3Me~y npettCTaBHMJia Ilpxae H Hapo~a.

HeMHJUfX OWTPIfX y nopasyaa IlpJiBeHUX H HapOJJ,HHX npea-

Ha OCHOSY c .

Ho Te rO.lJ,HHe, aparpancxor narpujapxa ya nOT8p",~'

6JIarOCJlOBOMLl - Il

CTaOHHKa, a C J' e y mosor YpeiJoa l1.pKBeHO. po-

• ora crymfJla X

!.tapa aycrpHJCK, x enapxHja Y bOCHH" epueroaaau,

Y aBe npa80cnaBHH

csealHe up 'a )KUBOT l\PKBe J.f HapOJJ.a Hawer y

IbO. II can a paa BfJJ

na ee no ,

TNM 06JJaCTH~a. 335 a CBelUTeHHKa rrapoxaicxax 327. _

OapoxuJa HMa , Ilapoxe 6Hpajy I...\pKBeHe OnUiTHHe

napox8je cy BeJ:iHHoM Be.nHKO~~ K AP)f(aBa cBojHM npKHOCOM.

'" HapoA pacnopea • .

a nnalla IX WmUHQ HMa CBOjy lKYUUlfDUHY, K01Y Ca'fH ...... '

UpKBeHQ Oa lfnaHOBH re onWTHHf. CKynwTHHI 0"1111.

a. CIMOCTUHH MYWO'~~on 0)1 8-12 '1naHORa, KOJP Boae

.. 'IIO"WKOJICICU VV, r

'DDKMtBO-WKOJICJC8M oOTpe6aMa. H a 33.,

71

no cnopaayxy C 14apHrp~CKHM naTPHjapxoM. I(Oj8 ie J,alao OCTa 118M ,l(OMaHH.M enHCKonHMa (SnarocnOB Aa HMeHoaaHor PYl(ononO)J(e. nna1ia M" p;p)f(aBa, xoia ie nJialiaJla H l\apHrpaACKoj naTPKJapWIJR oApeijeHH rOJJ.HWIbH naaax. - Crora cy npeAC1'a8HII~ QPI(Be H Hapo].J,a y 60CH" It Xepl.{erOBHHH HMa-!,H npaeo, Ila nopeA "1'pon0J1HT3 nOW3JLY H jeJJ,Hor C8eT08Hor aaCl'ynHHKa Ha Ca(Jop y Ilaparpan, KaJl,a ce 6npa narpalapx, A CBH ()ocaHcKO- xepqerOBa'lKII MHTDOnOJlHTH AY>KHH cy 6MH npH 6oroCJIY>KelbY nOMHIWl1'H QaplIrpuACRor narpajapxa, xao csora BPXOBHor JJ.YX08Hor DOrJlaBaIlY.

Eaapxujcsu UplCBeHu Cyd nocToiH Y CBaKoj enapxBjR aa ynpasy, H3J1.3Dp H cy JJ. Y yHycupawl-buM 'IHeTO LtPJ(BeHHM H AyXOBHUM nOCJIOBHMa napoaa H CbeWTeHCTBar - npeAceAHHIC je MH1'pOnOJlHT, a l.JlIaHOBH cy : iJBa cran aa ryduje UJIH CQSelllHUKQ, Koje ie "MeHOBao uap aa npeanor MHTponOlunou, H wecm peAoBHHX 'UlaHOBa CBeWTeHHKa It IbHXOBMX aaMeHHKa, Koje (5Hpa CBeWTeHCTBO xa TpH rOlJ,HHe.

Eaaoxujcxu YupaoHu u npOCSerDHU Castlll nOCTojll TIlCo'e y caaxoj enapxaja aa ynpasy, HaA30p H CYA Y CQOlbQIllHIUAc iq)XBeHHM H llJKOJICKHM cTBapHMa. - npeAceAHHK je MHTPGDOJJIIT, a ynaHOBR cy 39 aa 3 rOJl,HHe Haa6paHa CBeW1'eHHKa M eaero ... I v cpaaxepy 1 H 2. Oaaj CaBeT caCl'aje ce caMO ieAaHOYT ro w lherOB je opraa T. 3. Yxu Caselli OA 9 'In.HoBa ORII e ....... at caaxora Meceua H pewaBajy npHalBe npOTHB QAIlYK.. 11I101Be .. LUJ(OJlCKHX OnwTHHa; a aa THM npernQa IWI OBe

pasyne, ynpaBJba .OHAOBHMa H allUl"l n:O"N" •. -IID Y"IHreJba, CYAH HM aa npeeryne, dap. peljJepeHTa H T. A.

Benusu UPKB'HU CyiJ ce OA caa 'IeTHp. M

enapxaie, Kojer e8tlw~_0II.

copa LUlKBeHO jeAaHOYT roaa HHX Cy. Ca 0 ....

172

eCHaeCT ocranax CBeTOBlbaKa. PeWaBa

Y'fH:TeJba H W Y n

liHl\a, qeTHpH EnapxHjcKJfX npaBHHX H POCBeTR1t~

nplfilHBe npOTHB OAJIYK3

L"" 3seTa EOCHH H Xepl{erOBHHHII, a KaJ1yljepa

upa RMa y .... b.

MUHUcm MaXOM CHp0M.aWHH, a BenHHa KaJlY qepa je

oftO 30. MaHacTHPH cy Y#II"Hlfe y caemTeHcT.BY.. Y BoeHM j e Haj-

. aeor oell f'I .. u, .

aa napoxHJ3M3 0 'PeN a y Xepueroaana }f(u.moMuclluh

• M3J1aCrMP a ,

n03H3T"J"

K J/yJICU. u;tCl!BHOCUl. - PaCal1.HHK upxsene npoCBeTe

n 'DCBema U K#-b . C.

3. 'P . CeMHHapoM Y PeJbeBY ROA apajesa. I--by

jeCTf' EorocnoBHJ3 ca cpe~IbHX WRona, a H ca -uiecr paape.na.

UleAK ljaUH f'I

nonaae CBP ie 6ewe 116 BepoHcnoBeAHHx aYToHoMHHX WI(OJIa,

OC'RN EoroCJJOBHJ p .. ana If I1.PYWTBO npOCBfUIQ, xoje .naje CTH-

• MHoro eTa

o KOjlfMa ce YUHa cpeJUba H BHllla oOpa30Baaa.

. -I::arrHMa 33 crp -. . 9 0

neH,IlHJf! IJ """ . octu YHanpe1jHBaO)e 11.0 I I . nHCT Mccao'l-

11 eHY KlbuxeBH .

Ll,PKB OMHH opras , a O.ll. 1912. '1HHHO re To

KseHo-3yroH 1

HUK Kao UPpraH YAPy>Kelba Cpncxor npaBOCJJaBHor

CBeUlweHUK, 0 .

CPIlCKU6 H H Xepu;erOBHHH. J).aHac BPWH TaJ nocao

cseWTeH. C.TB3 ;.1 OCH OJ'ft Beli 0.0. 1919. rOA R3,ll.aje y Capajeuy

C sa .u,PKBG, K

)1HCT. pac JlaijHx cseWTeHHK3, ca MHoro Jby6aBK R nperana-

HeKo)JHllHHa M. • HO H npBH Haw ~pKBeHH iHlCT nacne CBel'U1TBa. - To je YJe.o.

cxor Para.

V.I. CpnCKa QpKBa J AMepHIlH.

re nO!JOBHHe XIX. B, HarpHynH cy It MHOn( CIlPO-

On APY .. nocrana npaaa aapapa.

illHJ.t CpO» Y AMepHKY· ,llO~HlfJe re TO

Ma AMepHUH OKO 200.000 Cpria H3 paaaax HaWIX

J.1 nanac It M3 V

. A b fbHMa cy OC06HTO 3HaMeHHTH CBeTCJ(or rnaca

"paJeBa Me IJ Y JI At.

. porexaasap Hukona Teena. - H'IaHHH, ",Haft ...

Hay'lHHl(H: enexr n r_

Y HBep3HTera Y YUKary; Dr. Muxau/lo yauH - uti·

npotecop H aror npodrecop fbyjopwKor YHHBepaHTeTa Dr. naJII.

HaliaHHH H nea 't'

PaiJocoBJbesuli-CpeMau.

Cp6B y AMepH~H pacyrs cy no paaHHM ap)I(aaaMa. &11

II 8ajPWe y neHcMJlBaHHjH. - BenHKH aeo YAPyJlCKO III.·

*111810".1 SpolllCatBa H J..tPKBeHt OIlUlIllIlH', ftpaBocnaBHe xpa 0 a ••.

.,

CpnCKY U.PKB Y Y AM~PHqH HaSHBajy no PYCKOM o6H'IaJY CpacKa Ilpaeocnaena MucuJa, a xao CTapeUIHHa CRe AO eKOp. CMBTpao ce apXMMaHAPRT Ceeacmuja« AadoB"" y lIHKary, HOjlt je yJeAHo 6HO H napox TaMOWlber cpnceor xpaMa. - 08a je L\pKaa qmpMaJIJ:IO 6HJ1a nOA BPXOBHOM AYXOBHOM BJ'Jawliy PYCKora apXBenHCKOoa y I-by-JOPKY, aJ1K Ie cpakTH'IKH nOTnYHO caMOCTanHa H (Sea HK3KOBe cpenauiae opraHHaaI,tHje. 0.0. 1906. OOcrojH nOl(peT A. Cp6H y AMepHI,tH ,lJ,06Hjy ~Bora enHcKona. no.n BPXOBHOM anawliy Kojer caMOCTaJlHOr cpncxor MHTpOnOJlHTa y EHponH. A on, 1912. noseo je CPUCKU /(YJlWYPHU €PoNd H CaBta CPDCKUX P,PYWIIlDBOCJlora y LJ1tKary J - KOMe je npeAcep,HHK Dr. MHxaHno nYOHa.JJ,a nOCTaBJba caeurreusxe MucuoHape, KOjH lie HIiH no "eno" HapOAY saurea y AM:'PUIl,H H xao anOCTOJ1H Y'IHTH ra H cBeTO~ !:laTH aa CHaKO Ao6po ...

J).Oll.ATAK.

1. CpncKa U_pt<oa ea C8eTCI(Or PaT ... - YnopeAO C Ha.

POAOM CBojHM H Ilpxaa je naura, a HapO'lHTO QplC y pt1uja~

UMaJ)a ,Qa H3.Qp>t<H, aa BpeMe para H DCA oKyna~Hjo • BpJI Hore

narrse H HeBOJbe. AYCTpHjaHlJ.H cy OAMIX y no y noaa

raapana HnH HHTepHHpanH MHore cpnCKe CBlIlIJIfeHU ne-

rpaHHljHHM otinacTHMa SOCHe R Cpe •• M1I0,. 'I MylJeHH, Ifcnpe6HjaHH, HeBRHR en all, er I ".,.;_'.1 ... HeKH H 6ea CYAa yOHjIHH. By

OHM cy Y ~epH80 It y CD . ..., ·.ano. __

muja H lLerOBOr 0

'1y~epat AI rpallcKH 1I11d •• 1.1I]1.

KapoAH ...

6HnH y ;81; •• y

OKyn~aO ce y UpKBe H MaHaCTHpe C80j~, rne

T Ipa BpeMeHa, • M Cy

, "'I" PO,/lOJby6UBli CBeUJTeHHLVI )fU180M pettjy Y a

nOHCK" 3aOCT~ .. . ne-

. ·OUI ~"UJ~ nOBep.'bHBHM uranaroa, CHa)f(HJH1 My aep

rop"JaM3, a J 4:: Y

" n01'n),HO ocno6o~}etbe 0 ..

)' 60}bC ,!laHe· . .

Y aycTPHjcKOM Jleny oKymlpaHe Cp6HJe, xao H Y CBMMit

aJ'eBHM8 nOJ! aycTpO-yrapcKOM BJlawily npOratb3Ha J' I\pyrHM KP .- . t 11 fiupUJlUljo, re je HaaUJJla OHRa HapeJl,6a, JJ,a ce II UPKse.HH npcJJ,-

I1MaJ·Y C1Iy*UTK caao naTI1HHllOM. - Ya TO je "enp

CTaBHH~K H-

o Ballii'D JI nopYIUHO nese norpaansue upxse 11 AtUIiUCCUUp

j3TeJh no . . r,

KojH MY aa nyTY l'5exy; a MHore Je onrsaxxao 11 nopOOHO, npe ,

Y Wra'le J(OHaLJHIUTa H MaraLV2He. f-beroBH OrlJ)fCJ.fPH TUOJ)I,fO • '. . 't II

BojHHLl£.t, 1(.30 HeKall Typl.(H, OAHOCHJlH cy H3 U,pnaBa. CBe .Ilparo-

UCHOCTH, a HapOljUTO nyTHpe - na HB Ib'H~ "HanHJajY rOCTHhla" KaAa ce xao Jlu6eJl.HliUH spare KytaMa CBOJH:.'tI. o. ,O.llHeCeHe cy (1 .MHUre cKynoueHe O.lle>t<)le, re cy O).J. fM1X no HenpHJaTeJbCf(HAl 3eMJb~HI,a KpojeJlH paoHH C06Htf YKpaCH, npcnyua H APyrH AeJlOS" MYUIKor H ;Kt'HCKor oJlelJa. A ott YMeTHHLfKHX opHaMeHaTa. OA Jlpan.)~eHor acra.ta H ,,·a.'VIel-ba, ca crapax )<pCTORa, H ApynlX QP_ KBeHHX npc,a,'t\f:Ta" nl:Jal3JbelJR cy .AyrMcTa sa MaH>t<t'l"e, npCTeH,(' }f(e!lc"e orpn IH.(t! H of)oue.,. •

JfJOH'/W deo uapoou uaruer HMao je csoiy ..... PKBy CKOpo no CBH. L:t Kpaje~HMa csera, I·y.u;a fa je cruuai OKORHocnl 6cUUIO,l - Taxo, je aa J(prfty 3aKY~)Jbt:'Ha 6uJ1a jeAHa ,JrplJKii upxaa H Y thoj cy pC)lOf:lHO, I!r"iHLfHO BOj"" C'seIUTeHH'U", onasrsann 6orOCJlY}f(etba. Ty [e 6Hno .. ce,lJ.IfJJJTC cpncxor MHTpOnOJHtTa aa u.eJ10 HpeMt JliHHaHcrHa. Y PUllt)' je t')no noce6aH CBelUl'eHHK aa TaMoUJtby cpncxy KOJJOHHjy. a 6oroc.rrYiKeJobe je HpUJeHO Y PYCKOM xpaMY. H no WBajl{(JIJI..'Koj It (PpllllqYCKOj, rne je cpaaaepso HajBHlue 61f.,10 aaunrx H36erJHfl.{a, (lHO je no jeQaH npeACTaBHHK naure L\PKBt y paaHHM HetlHM MeCTIfMa. xao WTO cy }/(eHeBO, llupux, Mapctlft, TYIl, HUON, - a fnaKHH upe)J,cT3BHHK 6ewe jeAaH npOTa y na ..

puay. COYlla cy TY 06aHJbaHa H 6orocnY)f(efba y aaKyn&eHHM Opo CTopajaM8, re cy HX nopen Cp6a noceaHBanH H MHorK CTPI I I' AIlZUPY H TYNIICY Y At/JPUliU 06a8JLaHO je law ... doroenYHCea.e aa oooJlene cpncrce BOjHH.' y PYCUJII, ((OjR ey c

175

114

176

,.:a."1y~epuLie HCnpa)f(fbeH re MYWKK M3HaCTHp I(Y8tlkAil

lUJ<Oj fOPH H npeaar lbHMa Aa ra Hace.'1e. 1"1 y

Y BelluM HaWHM MeCTHMa, xao WTO cy Bear

.. .'. PiA II

rne ce ca6pana Ha.JJa'l3 HHTeJUtreHL\HJa PYCf(a: npoljleco uel~

sepaarera, fjeHepanH, JIeKap:H:, HH}t(l1lbepH H AP no .PI(

. . C1'oJe IJohlr ..

HaY'IHHX JlPYUIT303, H penuruJCKo-UpocneulHa OPYlUlIlBa, rco~ .....

Hen,e.1l:.He cacranxe It npe,a.aBafba H3 OOJla era Bepe

MHBOTa. - Y 3eMYH je, nO'JeT~oM 1920. r., IJ.OHece8: _1I,p p H jeAHa '1yaoUlBOpHQ UKOHa MajlCe 6oJICl1je H3 }(YPCIC 1 3 Y

• Q, Te t"

thOM, no ~YCJ(OM OOH1:JaJY I 'UflLe"H MaJlH lC~ecrulbU xoau y c I

HHM nHTH]aMa. A cenreanpa H. r. 0038ao re rna8liH a _ ..

. t. I an08e_

npoTy6oJhWeB' .... ice BO]CKe, ~eHepaJI BpaHreJl enHClCona Te

,Qa Aolje ca lfYJ),OTBOPfiOM IIKOJiOM aa I{PHj\\, aa My 6YAe otaa.

v nOMoJiH Y lherOBHM TeWKHM HanOPHMa npOTHB 1':.011. Bepo

. v .uUJeBIUca

11 HKOHa je CBe'JaHO HcnpalieH3 na nOBpaTaK Y CBOjy OraUU .

no MHorMM MeCTlfMa OCHOBanH cy PYCH H nO'l'aauce Ir aay

'. . auOPDII

v KojHMa pane Y'IeCTBYlY H HalBHWH U HalOl'ipaaoBaHHjH ~

na H crapa ljeHepaJJH, nYKoBHHL\H H APynt. - Me-l::y Ib ~

9 ala Cy

Bp.10 MHora CHalKHH BepOM H apuie XPHwliaHcxe PeJJHrHjCI(e_

HOCTR He caao no HaBm"H, Hero H no Ayl'iOKOIll YHYTp~ .... }'Bepel:by.

3. CTaTHCTH'IKH nperJleA2 CpncJ(e ~KBe. _ Cpes sara K CnoBeHaQa MMa Y CBeMy 01<0 11.800.000. H rOT080 OD. I. ,l{eu,eM6pa 1918. r., aanaae yjeAHlbeHH Y C Boj oj ~ BeJ1HKoj I{paJbeBHHH. JeJlKHO OKO 600.000 CnoBeHaqa Cp6a no rOpHUH, TpCTY, WCTPH, Peua, OCrpBBMa • tJ,aJlMaJ.{HjH HaJ.aaH ce jow DOA oKynaTOpCKOM llIC1r.llq,QI,..

a HeKOJlHKO neceraaa THcyJia KOPYWKHX H npanano je AYCTPHjH. OKO 50.000 Cp(J

6apaa.H H 6a1lKoj ocrano je nOA M.II' .....

nOJ{ PY.YHH y aHaTy Ya

UTa no A eplIIlH H JlPY .....

KpaJbeBHHK HanaSR ce AaRac 01(0 10.800.000 Cpda, _~.~"

Cnoaeaaua : a OKO 2.000.000 OCTaJlHX up.naA_RICa BIIIl6 '

"IHHe pa3HU APyrll HapoAR, HapO'lRl'O: HelUta. Ma,apB, _ ..

It jeapeja.

no sepu ce HapoA Haw AeJlR Ha nptlBOCJti:UI.~ •• Of(O 6.500.000 .o.ywa, PUMOKafllOJlUKe ca may 4.300.

CJlUl,WHe ca CROPO 1.000.000. - Cp6B cy rOTOBO caa npUClq .... XpBaTIf u CnoBeH~H cy PHMOKaTOJlBI{R; a Mycn .. aaB 't JlHKOj Be1iliHIfJ aaure KPBH H ncpexaa, Mil ce DO .epa Jom 3HBajy TYPIJ.UM,a. Ynujama HMa KOA aac 01(0 50.000. OA IIiIIX CY-;lmIII. 10.000 Cpria no ceBepo-aanilAHoj XpBaTCKOj, AlJUAaqJlja

Ha'fKoj, a ocrano cy PYCHHR HaCeJbeHR DO BojBO Ca __ 111

H BoeHM. OKO 20.000 CnoBeHa~a cy npollllema""",. a Cp6a II Xpaara jecy Haaapenu H CytJ01ll.QPU, KOj no BojBOIl.UHM, CpeMY H ceBepHoj Cpt5.ja. C. •• ;OB1ll1a

na3H H jf,ll,HO 'HtTaBO ceno Ka./lBUHa Bame .POI_"" TOPAHH~H ca 600 Aywa. KOjH BMajy R elora Ty npHMHnn cy jow sa TYPCKHX ape eBa

Caxo cy Cp6uja H QpHa rop. emu. - Y Crapo] Cp6RjH H MaIiQo BOCHaBHH, a OCT8JlO MYCJJH aHa 30.000. Bocaa H Xep~erOBHHa a OJ), APyre nonoBHHe aeh. AID KaTOJIHQH. Y XpBaTcKoj • Q ••••

npaaOCJIaOHHX j OCTlnO cy 'I __ •

lfaH je paaJtep • y OJIIIOJI_I'J craaa npaBOCJI'_Il~.

178

I •• ... • 1I
UPKBEHE OSRA CTH : .6poj Q.<'a rill ~jj.1 ~ ~ I ~ i I :,;, ~
Ill· ..... 01Zl
Aytna; c::lIiI Q.t;
"-II>< <1 - <.0 = ; :'II ~ Co. lo,::r
= t: l< .J ;z: ~ t I :i::' I ~ ~
KapnOB8':fKH MOTpOnO.1lHja 1.200.000 I 7 28 721 7221 271 108 ;-:e.
400.000 3 60
U,eTIUbCIUI MSTpoDonoja 15 '21';0 200 I 161 25
I -
.6eorpB.ACFCIL. MHTpOnoJlBja 2.800.000 5 18 90-1 1000 541 90
-
CTapa Cp6nja II MatieAoHoja 1.000.000 3 141 760 800 721 50
23
.a.aJUu.~ja R IiOK8 120000 2 9 104 RO 1 J 381
I -
BOCHa H Xepu,eroBBHa 900.000 4 33 335 32i I 11 30,
I -
200.000 - - 50 501 -I r. I
AMepm.:a
116.620.000 I 241 o I -
CBEfA: 117130741317911911 J4;r; Ilpeaa TOMe, KOA Hac p;OJJaSH nOnpe'iHO 01<0 275.833 Ayu.:e Ha jeAHor eaucsoaa, 52.127 ua upomy, a 2082 na C8eUl.rneHllKO. Af\O Y3MeMo JJ.a je 6poj. upsaaa-xpaxoaa npntlJIHmaH Opojy napOXHja WTO y rnaBHOM H jecre, rana KO,ll Hac ,[J,Ollaau no Ienna 'lPKBa Ha 2153 Ayrne. - BeJlIfKH aayaeras Y TOMe 'TnHI! caMO bOKa KorOpCIC3, rne sa 31.000 Aywa IfMa 217 upxasa H KaneJ]H~a. uiro qUHH no jeAHY I.{PKBY ua caaxe 143 Jl.YLUe.

J<anyjepa H KallY~epU14a, iensa aaieauo, "fila no .o.Boje Ha jep,aH ManaCTHp; a CBaKH JHall~cmup nonaaa aa 34.659 Aywa. - Ila If Ty je aayaerax BOKa' rep ?Ha HMa 8 M3H3CTHpa, Te y !boj Beli aa 4000 Aywa nonaan no jeuan MaHaCl'Hp. Cpa8MepHO 6pojy JJ.yrna, BeJUfK je 6poj MaHaCTJfpa II y CTapoj CP~HjH H Ma Jiep,oHHjH, , anH cy OHH BeHHHoM nycTII... C KaJly~epHMa le Hlj. o6HJlHHja 4JpywKa Fopa, rne ~onaaH npexo 4 Kany~ep3 Ha MaHaCTHp; a ya TO HMa caaa H 60 pycxux KanyijepHlla.

~.. .'

KPATH~E

nEPHO,P,H'IJ(HX Jt8AA1bA RAB£ABHHX Y BMBJlHOrPA.IQM.

A. Q. = Archiv fUr OsterTelc:hische Geschichte Wien. A. Ph. = Archlv fUr slawische Philologle, Wle'n.Berlin. Bee. = lie.ceM. lJ,pI(BeHH JlHCT, H. CaA.

B. r. = SoroCnOaCI(H rnaCHHK, KapnOBlJ,H. 5. l(. = SpaHI(OBO Kono, .KapJlOB~H.

Bp. = BpaTCTBo-]J;PywTBa Ca. CaBe, Beorpa~. B. LJ. . ....: BecHHK Cpncl(e Ilpxse, Beorpaa

BUd. = BHAoBAaR, SeorpsA.

B. B. = BuaaHTiicKiit BpeMeHHHKlh, neTpOrpBA. B. B.~n. = BHsaHTilcKI.il BpeM.-npRJlO>KeHltt.

W. M. = Wissenschaftliche Mittheilungen aus Bosnien u. Herzegovina, WieR Fnac = I'nac Cpncxe KpaJbeSCKe AKaAeMHje, SeorpaA.

Fnac 11. = rnac HCTHHe, Hoaa eaA.

F II. = fnaCHHK Cpncxor Y'IeHOr .QPYWTBa, 6eorpaA.

Fn. 2. DO. = rn3CHIII( Cpn, Y'I. ApYWTB8, 2-ro oAenelLe. r /l. M. = fnaCHIlK 3eMaJbCKOr My_8eja, CapajeBO.

/'.11. If, = r naCHIlK Ilnaaocnaane U.PI(Be, SeorpaA.

Foo. = rOp,I1WILHu,a HlfKone LJynHtia, 5eorp8A.

Ileno = Aeno, KILH*ea. nHCT. BeorpaA,

De.nk. ph. h. et, = Denkscbrlften der kalserl. At.d. d. Wi .. nlch In Wien.

- Phil -hlst, ct.

E. O. = Echo d' Orient.

a. C. H. = 3ar5aBHHK CpncKHX HOBRHa, Kp4». 11. = I1CTlIH3, u.Pf(lteHH !lIlCT, Banap.

Hem. = HCTO\fHltKt U.PKB. JlHCT, CapajBo.

II. A. H. = JilaB1lICTIfi PYCCK. apXeOJlOrH'Iec. BHCTRT",. I,. Ko.. 011

J. = JaBop, r5eneTpRCTH'I. JlHCT, HOla CIA.

K. = Kono, Ka,H>KeB. JlHCT, .5eorpaA.

1(. M. C. = KILHre MaTHltC CpnCl(e, HOBa CIA.

C. E. U. = Collectlo conclllurum recenttorum eecllll.ewN Hem. = Jleronac MaTHu,e CpncKe, HOBR CIA.

n. = nY'iB, GeneTpucT. JlHCT, ~eTH .. e.

H. E. n. = HapOAKa BH6nHoTelCa. O.H'I.IO.

H. H. = HOBa HClepe, HIIYCTpOI. JlHCT. eorp-. Oe. R. = Oeaterrelehlache Revue. Wlen.

naM. uuc. = nU"THBIeH Apel. .01_111 .. ,· •••••

np. _ = OpocaJe-ra. ..1* 8. 'I~~ Rad = Rad JUJOIlolvUl8u .~''''''UII,

Ca. = ~nC).eIHHIC Call1eK .... 1It C. H. H.

C. C. ~ ct'l::.l

C. N. III

C N. St.

A. CTAPA cpnCKA UPKBA

• 86H He naacpa.

. III icurn sacrum 1.- VIIL, 1751.-1819.

I Farlali - Co let I} ync menta Slavorurn Meridionalium 1_

2' A Theiner, Vetera monu

. • 11., 1863. If 1875. h'storiae chroatice period. antiquam illu- 3. F, Rackl~ Docurnenta I

strantia, 1877. ki Codex DipJomaticus regni, Croatirl(.',

4. Sm;ciklas.- LaS~~;o~iae Il.-VITI., ]904-1918.

Dalmatiae r.. e~ aSulfla', Acta Albanie I. 19.10 ..

5. Tha/locZYI J~~ece1~ta Bo~e pctissirnum ecclesiastlca. 189~

6. E. Fer,!!~n~4.m~ Oukljanina Letopis, I ~ 14.

7. J. ernelc, .. op 1 menta Serbica 18 J .

8. F. Mik/O~lL'h, 1\ ~r1U drevniho pisem. [ihoslovanuv, 1873.

9. P. 5ajaflk, Pama~y HUKo.llaje811ff, CpocKin cIIUMeH~IlH I. 1840

10. KapaHOfIlBPCKOBU HlHJ.1I cp6r..f<in I.-U, 1858. H 1862.

11. M. nYlIuh, ~ p~.v~elllu flo l{fbUiK. crap. cpn. 1.,-111., 1863.-1Hti4

12. Q. ,aaHUltui.' ~~fHOHt ,I<pa.'besa H • I xuenacxona ~pn'J I_ ra ». !lOHUliU "f, nOMaiHf H3BOPH aa cprrcxy HCToPH1Y I I

IJII H flaBJlOBU , 1-4. j C 10

•.. C MeHKijll cpncKH. - n •

15. K. Jupe'l~K, "2 CpnCJ<H pO;lOC.10BH II .'IeTOnHCH -

6 Jb ClIloJaHoBu", r. 'pa.&..uJ·e,

· . 0 . OBUIr CoeruropcKH aKTH, uHOI 'I'~

7 ~ ;:i:Zosulf: )JtTOOHC[' napeM cp: (jCICJI -

OBojQNOBUIr, CTapa cpnCJCH BaO • nUII.TMHa aalC

_~~ auO. 18 aua llY, ....

U. Oam,.. AU&.

) . CB. HUKert1u11, HCTOPHCKH pUaRTal( Cpo. llPxae. - r.,..

2. H. PYXUIIUft, Ilper JleA QAHowaja Cpo. • rp .. sce UP

3. H. neroBuh, HCTopaja Cp6cKe l.\pKBe ... lIJIaAoj C~ 1

4. H. llY'l.uli, HCTopaja CpncKe npaBocnaBIIe Qpue. 184.

5. H. Pyxulluh, HcropBja CpncHe QplC8e L-II., 1893.

6. n. lliBa6uh, HCTopHja Cpncse QpKBe aa C:PtAlWle'UlkOJle,

111. OXPHAcl(a ApXHeDHCKODBja.l

1. H. Gelzer, Der Patriarchat von Achrida, 1902.

2. Cal. HOBQKOBUIi, OXpHACf\a apXHelUlC. y no'l. XI ... - e

3. B. npoKuh. Ilpaa OXPH,IlCKH apxaenHCXOD Je ••. --- ac

4. D. IlpoKuh, Ilocraaan OXpHAcKor naTpRjapxaTa. - rue

5. II. I1BaHoB~. DlJ:tnrapcKH CTapHHH Hil MaKeAO..... IICIl.

IV. CD. ClUleYH R Ca. ~ ......

J. N. lNuBKoBult, }f{HTie CBATH" cep6cICU C. eoa. '2. 13. ,l(uHulilrn, )KHBoT CB. CHM. H CB. CaB~ 0. Aoaelm ...

3. Cai. HOSOKOBuIi. 3eMJbHWTe paAa He ... aa _

4. Jb. jOBQnOBUft, npIIJIOWl(H xpoaonor. )tUIBOTa C

Ca. Case, - r nac 64.

S. lb. KOBQl(eBUh, HeKonHko OHTalba 0 CT. HieJU'" ri. Il. A uacmacuieeun, Orau He alWlH,

7. /1,. AHOClllacujeBulI, rOAMHa e po naUII_ •• ,

8. M.lvIliRojeBuIi, f1paBllJla CB. C. e .J."I~III""ru~ 9. J. l1oalloBulf, CBeTR Caaa -

10. 11.. HeuLUIi, >KHBoT Ca. Ca. aD8Drl .... ~~

II. H. PY:X'llrum, CaeTH Cau,

12. r. IJoaollull, noxauHa

13. li. ~a"u"uli, n!OCIiIIBI",

14. Cm. HoaRe."" ,I."

15. H. ,tzy1f1lA, u. ..

16. C. lhA_"

17. A I I

H nQAbMOrJ6J HOBbltJ JlAHHblH 06'b Yllpe)f{JteHill cep6. apxlI-

25. '. Cfr Ca Casac 10, 1892. .

eoR" lit Ofe Bedeutung des Demetn.os Chomatianos, 1893. 2tl D. U 'J OHJ'KOTOp.TPYAaxbXOMaTJaHa.-B.B.189"'"1895 27. M·lljf~~~~~BUIt.I nporecT ~HMHTpHja XOMaTHjaHa. - C. C. 1905' ~B. Cm. UKOJ1Uit, Cr. npaoaeHIf3HH .•. Kf:bH>KeSH,HK XIII. It, 1897.' ;g~ Jb, 'i<oBQ'teBUh, }KeHe II AeQa CT. flpBOBeHttaHora. - rnac 60.

V. ApxHeoHCKonHja H naTp.HJap~Hja ne'hcl(a.

n PUAICKili, KpaTKoe orrac. cepe, na!pl.apaxa. - JIeT. 1838. ~. n.' MYllJuq/(u, Ceaaanle 0 )l(UTIH apXlemCK0l10Bb BeeR cepf5. H

. ~OAtop. aeMJUt. - r JI. 1854: r.

3 Cm, CmoHojeBulr1 Xpoaonoraja cpn. apxH~nHcK~na. - Jler, 184 4' 1 rOBpU.'lOBUh, npOCTOp Cpncxe naTpHJapwHJe. - fJJ. 9.

5' i rOBpUJlOBult, 0 "BWMM neJicKHM. naTp~JapcHMa. - rJI. 19. Ii' M MlIRojeBuh, OuwrH JUICT Ilarpaiapuraje Ileaexe. - fJl.35. 7' C~. BeCeJlUHOBUhJ Ilehcxa KaT~.Ilpa, 1890:

S' H. Pysapau, 0 ApXJ1enHCKOnHjH Ilehcao]. -. )JeT. t50.

g' H Pyeapau, 0 KaTaJl03HMa rrencxax naTpHJapaxa. - fJJ. 23. 10: K: jericek, Oer Grossvezier M. Sokolovlc und die serb. Patri-

archen. .. - A. Ph. 9.

) I. 1. RU1/arac, NochmaJs M. Sokolovic u. dieserb, Patr, - A. Ph. 10. J 2. 11. Pysapau, a nellcKHM narp, 0)1 MaKap.HJa )),0 Ape. III. -VI. 1888. 13. J. TOltiUIr, nel'icKH rr3TpHJ3PX J?B3H H nosper Xp~wHaHa, 1'903. J 4. Cm. Jl,u/HurapujcBufi, O.D.HOW3JH nencxax naTpHJ3paxa c Py-

cHjOM. - Fnac 58H 60. .

J5. em. p,UAfUmplljeBuli, Ilpanoan pacnpasa: OAHowaJl1. - Cn. 38. 16. em. ,auIllumpujI!Bufr., ,itoKYMeHTH onuoca HaMe9Y Cpn, ~pJ(oe II Pycaie, - Cn. 39.

17. 11. Hatuuapees, npitaAo Bo MocKay ... cep6. lepapxom., Ta-Il, 18. j. TOMuh, ~ecer fOA. H3 HCTOp. Cpn, Hapoaa M Ilpxse nOA

TYPIlHMa.- fJJ. U. 1902.

19.}. TOMUIi, Ilarpajapx Ape. III. npeaa Mne'l. II hecapy, - Fnac 70.

20. H. Pysapau, OAJ)OM~H 0 rpmpy~. 6paHK. If A.l\pHojeBlllly, 1896

21. P. fpyjuh, nHcMa neh, narpajap. H8. l~. B. - Cn. 51.

22. 11. Pysapalf'f Iloaezsa narpajapxa MOJceJ8 paWKOM MHTpono ..

. JJHTy A. JOlJ8HOBJt1iy. - Cn. 37.

23. H. Pysapall, BerCTBO narp, ApeeHHja IV. - rn. 23.

24. H. Pysapolj, MeMoapH B. Epfoma 0 Same. nonyoc1'. - Cn. 10 25 P. rpyju", CeA8M nacaaa neh. naTpHjapx8 B. BpKHila 26 CIIl. HOBaICoBult, QplCBeHH BojaoA8. OCTaTaK neil. Da1~PIIJI'PIRlJlI

x Hcoayn.e y jeAHoM o(JHlJajy. rOA. JI.

Il., Jlu' cy (SJfnH CpCSH linD u ... 'lftft

Ibe n.

183

31. B. npu6~heBuh, AI<Ta 0 Yl<lIAathy Ilehcxe naTp Ii I. 1905. 32 H. Pllaol'i.Ufl~ CnoMeHHllH 0 YKH)).atby Ilehcxe Ilarp, _ B. r. 1909.

33. H. [actapeoon, nOAa~H sa J.{CTOPHjy Cpn, QpKBe. - Fn. 40 H 42.

34. 15. llauuliuh, Sa ~P"tJ. acrop. cpncxy 83 pyxon. 17. B. - Fn, 11. 3~. M.·MlIJluneBuh. npHJI03M aa IfCToPHjy Pauree MHTpon. - - Cn. 10.

36. M. Pyeapou, l?aWI(H enacxona H MHTpOnOJIHTH. _ Faac 62.

37. n. CpefiKOIwh, YnH 6paToTBopeHHjy, no6paTHMcToy. _ Fn 63.

38. H. pYJlCUI{lJii, 06pen. acnosen. uepe It npoxn. leperaxa, - Cn. 13.

39. P. Fpyjut; HapeA6e Ayw. 3aK. nporaa HHoBepaQa. - B. Q. 1900.

40. P. Fpyju«, Hape}J.6c Ayw. 3aKOHHICa 0 6paKY. - C. C. 1900.

45. P. Fpy!uli, l~l~lun~tas rcalis. crape cpn, upsae. - rJI. 1.\. 1900.

46. P. rpYJufi, Pnvlteglum cauorns Y crapo] cpn. AP>t<alSH. - B.I..\ 1901.

47. M. Cuacuh, Heurro 0 naruo] QPKBH nOA TYPllHMa. _ Fn. I.

48. Lf. MujmnoBu" , Ilpe TpHCTa rop.HHa. I'n. 36.

49. J. TOAfUh, npe TPli croneha, 1894.

50 . j, To./lwh, 0 YCTallKY Cp6a y Basary 1594., 1899.

51. M.jm;ww8uh. norJ1e)). ua t<yJl1'ypy YlcnaMa Y Haw. Hap, - )Jt!T. 134

52. j. Bacuneeun, OCTal,(1t cpn. upxana y KYMaH. PeUH. - rOA, 14.

53. C.Jirecck, Staat u. Gesellschaft im Mittelalterl. Serbien 1.-111.1914 54 J. Cvijic, La Peniusule Balcanique, 1918.

~5. Sf. Stanovevitch, La civilis. du Peuple Serbe au M. Age, 1919.

VI. PHM It Cp~H.

1 C8. Huseuiut. (upeaon), HaCpTat-be PHMCKHK nana aa l.\PKBY

Cpncxy "XpBaTcKY. rJ1. 23.

2. g. Yojnovtc, Crkva i drzava u Dubr. Republici R d 121.

:l 11.. Ilononut: OAHoUJajH KpaJbH MHJIYTHHa.. npe.a PHM 1(11

nauaaa. . B ~. 1895.

4 iJ,. Ilo nouuti , Y.rlOra cpncxax DJ1aAapa y t50pfSM nan T np

BOCJlaUJbeM. B. Q. 1896

5. 0. Markovic. Gli slavi ed i papi I.-II t 1897 (Xpa n BOA 190& 6 Il. Iloaouuh, Hacpraja nancrua HI 0 aHCI( Q Ie Y MaTHje HKHocnaoa, 1901.

7. J. Markol'ic, Dukl ansko- k

H. n. J( OC08Ult, ) Y H Y

r . 27 H 2 .

184

VII. BOrOMHJlH.

1 5 nempaHoBlItl, DoroMu:111, ~pI<Ba 6ocaH. " KpcTJaHH, 186'7 ') F' Racki Bogomili i Patareni. -- Rad 7, 8 " 10.

i r~ AHlje~uliJ nal'apeHH y Bocar H Xepueroaaaa, - Sec. 1868 4 C l<ocanoBuH, 6lvbewue 0 BOrOMMJHfMa. -. r n. 37.

5 0: J1.7uh, Cpncxa JlC.\WI<p.aTJ.fja y Cpen .. BeKY (EorYM.) - lIer. 1890. 6 C. TrrlheJka, Testamenat gasta Radrna. - f11 M. 1911.

VIJI. CSeTHTeJbJl.

I C. }/(unullollulz, fIpaBu:.lJa Mo}re6Ha.l CBfITI,lX 'b ~p6cln1X 'L .. (CpfS ..

~aK PHMHWU{H 176 J., - MOCKOBCJUi ] 76.).).

2 M~mpouO/1um Muxaun, CpOJLaK Beorpancxa ] 86].

3~ Ta . .aauu![uli, CnyiK6e CpfiMMa CBeLVfMa. - BI1~. 1802-3.

4. Eauc«. rep.·uOl'eflt";, Csnr ue IO)f{lH,IX" cllaEHH'L, 1899.2

5. (A NOHU.11), C!UlI<e 1[3 }KUBOTa Cp6a caeraua. - Xp. B. 1882

6. M. fonuut; Cp6H cneua, 1899.

1. 11. Pynapau, npIUJOWI.lH anW.llOWKU. - C. C. )898

8. 11. Pl'BUpafl, 0 CI3, jOBaHY B.la.a.MAufPY, 1892.

9. fl. CpehKoHuli, Ca L(uMurpuje If COJlytfCI<R ClJOBeHH. - fJJ 18 10 Cut. HOBOICOIJuh, /KuBor JOI:JaHa PJ.1JfCKor. _. f.J1. 22. '. J I. .Cai. Haaasosuh. }f{Moor JoaiiHMa CapaH)tanopcKor. - rJl.22 J 2 . .f. Bacu/beBuh, Ca. Ilpoxop fllfHIbCKH Ii !-berOB MaHacTHp. - rOJ(.20· J3. M. 3elle8uli, )f(H8or H HnatJ,alU1Ha CTeHaMa /.(eqaHCICor I. 1903

14. F. Ilououun, C8eTH Yporu neTI1, nocne!J,IhH uap cpncea - fn II

15. H. Pyeapau, )f{HTHje uapa Yporna 011. Ilajcaja narp - rn'

16. 11. Pysopal/, 0 Kuesy JIaaapy - CTp. 1 B87.

17 H. Pysapau, Flosecua CJlOBa 0 HH. Jla3apy, necn, T

KOBlfliy H KH. CT. illnfJbaHoBHJ;y .. _ lleT 1874

1i /laHulluh, )f(HTlfje C9. POMHJla. - Fn, 9 eblpNY MOHaxa Fpar. >KoTie npen. POMH~1a - r IlfjhU'lufi, CD r.,ypa~ KpaToBa~ 1866.

CJlY)f(Ja H >KHBOT \,.,B. l"PIIITIIII

Dlra7JlK cnY)f((Sa H )lCD.OT

.-_.,.., v 0

I 6

. J. LfYAUfi, UPK8~ Apc.HoJSa'JK~. B. U· 904.

50. n. Wsaduh, MaH8cTHP CYKOBO. -. r». u )902. 5] M MUJJufieBUIi, MaHacrupH Y Cp6HJ.H: - r». 21. 52: J. 'Beet/lUli, Onac MaH8CTI{pa Y Cp6HJL-f, 1867:

[13. C. }4el.laHo/i, JVla!HaeTlfpH Y KpaJbeBHHH Cp6.HjI1, 1899.,

54 Ei.jOBQHOBU '" MaH. aenosper HM3tbe y Cp6HJH. - fl'. 62 It 64 5-' t:/J PaaU'leBuli, rluOCk:}UlaH n l:berOl:se 3HaMeHHToeTH. - [lp 1890 5~: M: ,D,OJICUli, 0 HacrojareJbHMa xaaacrupa Mopa'ie. - np. 190 I.

57. cPo Paou'{t!SUIi. a BpaJ:baHCKOM ~atlacrHpy. .: np. 1892.-3.

58. f/J. PaJu'IeBuli a .\iaHacTHPY neJllI{n I]HnepCR'OJ. - np. 1892.- 3.

59. A. jOBu'l.eouli, OnHC MaHaCTlJpa ~OOPHJlOBHH(,. - IIp. 1898.

60. JI. HUHh'OBUh, Onac MaHaCTHpa no6p~lie8a. - lip. 1899.

61 /I. HliHKOBUt., Onac xaaacrapa f{oc"JepolJa. - Ilp. 1899. 62' Jl HUHlWBUh, Pyuresane MaH. Co. flerpa H naSJla. - np. 1900 63' n' HUHKOBUll, Ilpxse y npearpa Jjy TpeoHlba - np.I900· 64: M·. UpHoropllfBun, MaH. Caaaaa 'I BOJ.~" KOToPCI{Oj. -8.~. 1901: 65. T. DOUOBU/', MaHacTHp CaBRHa, 1909,

66, r. Itempanosu': nOB'l.cT'b. o. MaH. /lparoBHHy. 1859.

67. V. Corovic, Die HerzegowInlsch~n Kloster ... - W. M. 1 J

68. M. ByKOBUI;, MaHacnip Co. Tpoiaue TaBHa. - MeT. 1898. 69 P. CUMoHonuli, MaR. )i(UTOMHCJJffil. - lIeT. ] 68 H 169. 70: I. Ruvarac, Das Kloster Ozren. -- A. Ph. 1893.

7 J. 11. PYBapaL/, npaB.oCJJ. M3H3CrHplt y CpeMY. - Ill. A. K 1890. 72 . .//. Itouosun, Cpn, npaBOCJJ. MaH. Enap. Bpura-rxe, - C. C. 18~.

73. P. Fpyjuh, npUJIOUlJ.Vf acrop, oaHaT. MaHaCT. - E. r. 1905-"1905.

74. 11. 3epeAlcKu, Cpncxa ltlaHaCTHpH Y Banary, ]907.

75. /. Szentkkiray, A szerb monosteregy hazak... 1908.

76. /). PY80PUl{. Onac Ij:JPYlllK. MaHacTHpa 1753. - C. C. 1903 1904

77. Jf PYBOPOl-l, Pa;:Uba cpn. jepapxaje ]874. OKO nOBp~1;aJt.~

MaHaCntpa Xonoura, - E. r. 1902.

78. B. Pacuk, HCTopMja Maf:laCn1'pa ¢'eHeKa, 1799.

79. J. MUIlKOlJuh, Iloatrs 0 o(')l1.'(e}KHTeJI. MOHaCT. BOMJ10BHQi" 180J.

80. II. KpctIluli, CnOMeH llpeBHOCTR 4'PYUJK. M. ·l{pYUJe;toJla 1840

81. C. Iletasosut: M. KpyweJJ.oJl OIJ. t 754. -1774. - C. c 1905: 1906:

82. H. PaaU'i, noaecT 0 MaHacr. Xonoay, 1847.

83. Il. Pysapau, 0 MaHaCTJfpy Pasa H 6eO'fHHY. - Cn. 33. 8.,. M. 13opbeBuh, J.1cTopHja MaHaCntpa KOBHJba, ]891.

85. B. Kpacuh, MaHacTlfp Fpadosau. - )JeT. 158.-160.

86. C. Ilonub, MaHacTHp Paaanaua -- BpAHHK, J 899

M. Munuhesuh, Ha 4»PywKe rope. MaH. Fprerer H ~ •• , ..... rOA. 20. 0IIIt0 idI l.lH IC)'JlapH MHTp. n. HeH8AQ...... M_.

187

94. .0.. BUUlKOBUII, Jlpanor HCTOPHjH MaRae. JleDaBBHe. - 5. r. 1 Q09

95. ,a. BUfIl_ICOBUh. 3anHcH MaHacTHpa }leoaaHHe. - 8. r. 11107

96. P. rpy}uff, 0 MaHacTHPY KYTHHH-SpWJLaHQY. - 8. r. 1907 97 . .0.. Butueoeut; MaHaCTHp KYTHHa-SpWJLaHau,. - 8. r. 1910' 9S. B. /(pacuh, Onac MaHacTHpa Ilakpe. - CT. 1886

'99. fl. BOI'OaHoBull, CTapHHe MaH. Ilaepe, - MCT. 18QQ

100. B. J(pacuh. DOMe MaH. OpaxoaH~e. - }leT 143 .

101. P. rpyj~h, O,llHOwaju caeror, MaH. C KaTp. K~PJlOB~'l- Co. SI.

102. P. Fpy}uh, npHJJOW~H aa HCTOp. oAHoulaja Kapn. MHTpOnOJIHTa ca HCTOKOM H Ca. rOpOM. - Cn. ~l.

103. M_. BeCeJlUHOBUn, Cpncxe l<aJIytjepHQe. - rJlac 80

104. B. MapKoBuh, np~BocnaBHo MOHaWTBO H MaHacTHp'H Y CptAfbeBeKOB. Cpf5HJH, 1920.

... X. KILH)I(eBHOcT H DpoeaeTa.

1. P. Sa!qr:ik, ~esc.~iclite.~er sUds.law. Literatur 1.-111., 1864-1865.

2. V. faglc, Historija kniizevnostl naroda hrv. i srpskoga I. 1867.

3. Cta. HO.BQK08Uh, HCTopHJa cpncxe KtbH)I(eaHOCTR 1871 I

4. D. Surmin, Povjest knjilevnosti hrvatske i srpske 1898

5. M. Marko. Geschichte der altern sUdslawlschen Ltt~rituren '1908

6. A. I'aspunoeu», HCTopHja cpn. H xpaaT. KH.Jl)t(eB'HOCTR. I: uno'

7. n. nouoBult nperJleA cpncxe KIbH)I(eBHOCTH. U~20.'

8. em. HOBOKOBU \ npOH OCHoaH CJlOBeH. Kft,H)KeB. Me'y «SanK.H.

CJ10BeHHMa. J1ereHAa 0 BnlAHMHPY H KocapH 1 9. em, Cmauoji BU!" 0 eMony HeMIIWIHe fSHorpa.· Ilpaoaeusancra. . rJlac 49.

10. n. CpehKoBuf" Tacpenala .lloMeHTHjaHI TeoAO

11. St. Stanoievte. Die Biographie Stet n

dem Philosophen als geschlchtaqu 11

12. CH. 8,I108U#r, Beaeurxe 0 apxRenR ROnY"II"._

13. 811. HUICOAUIt, ApXHenHCKon A BIIJlO II.

14. A. rOBpuAo,ult, nHTa 0 clUle tIIIl :

CT. npaOBea r

15. P,.I<iORQllltBlJlfi. ., .... : ••

16. /I.. J 7, ,0.. /(o::awRIL