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m Germany was ruled under Æ  who were emperors


around the 1800s

m Germany was created on January 18th 1871 when Otto


von Bismarck unified 25 independent German states
into a single state thus creating the 6  ©

m Àrior to the existence of the 39 states, there were over


1000 entities which made up the 3 
  

m Bismarck¶s involvement in three different wars led to


the belief among the German people that they needed a
strong, united nation©
m ndustrial economy had become the strongest in Europe employing
60% of the working population

m Trade Unionism expanded rapidly ± led to the social Democrats


(SÀD) becoming the biggest political party by 1912©

m Germany wanted to become a world power (Weltmacht) and


attempted to do so through its µworld policy¶ ± Weltpolitik through

m Colonial expansion & Creation of a strong German navy


m Between 1870 and 1910, Germany¶s population rose from 40©9
million to 65 million©

m Germany experienced a massive increase in ship production and


trade; new industries such as chemicals and electronics

m Great increases in standards of living during this period too©


m ¦n ¦rchduke was murdered which triggered First World War

m Europe µfell¶ into the most destructive war it had ever seen©

m t left 20 million people dead and Europe in tatters©

m Germany surrendered & Treaty of Versailles was signed


m The humiliating peace terms provoked bitter indignation throughout
Germany, and seriously weakened the new democratic regime

m n 1932, Hitler won presidential election and proved his supremacy


over Germany

m Hitler's National Socialists (Nazis) took control at local levels,


outlawing trade unions and other political parties and set in motion
the persecution of Jews, homosexuals and other 'non-¦ryansµ©
   


m n 1939 German ¦rmy invaded Àoland, dragging both Britain and


France into G G  ©

m Hitler's decision to invade Russia in 1941 and the Japanese attack


on the US at Àearl Harbor is the beginning of the end for Nazi
aggression

m ¦fter heavy war, Germany surrendered to the ¦ unconditionally

m For nearly a half century after WW, Germany was divided into 2
separate countries, East Germany and West Germany© They were
divided by a wall that went right through the city of Berlin, called
the Berlin Wall© The two sides were reunified in 1990©