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AGMA 918-A93
c=
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B
-7

AMERICAN

GEAR MANUFACTURERS

Reproduced By GLOBAL
ENGINEERINGDOCUMENTS
With The Permission Of AGMA
Under Royalty Agreement

ASSOCIATIOiV

A Summary of Numerical Examples


Demonstrating the Proceduresfor
Calculating Geometry Factors for
Spur and Helical Gears

AGMA (ThisINFORMATION
SHEET
Information Sheetis NOT an AGMA Standard)

918-A93, A Summary of Numerical Examples Demonstrating


Calculating Geometry Factors for Spur and Helical Gears

the Procedures for

CAUTION NOTICE: AGMA standards are subject to constant improvement, revision, or withdrawal as
dictated by experience. Any person who refers to any AGMA Technical Publication should be sure that the
publication is the latest available from the Association on the subject matter.
[Tables or other self-supporting sections may be quoted or extracted in their entirety. Credit line should read:
Extracted from AGMA 918-A93, A Summary of Numerical Examples Demonstrating the Procedures for
Calculathg Geometry Factors for Spur and Helical Gears, with the permission of the publisher, the American
Gear Manufacturers Association, 1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, Virginia 22314.1

ABSTRACT
This information sheet provides numerical examples for calculating the pitting resistance geometry factor, I,
and bending strength geometry factor,J, for typical gearsetsthat are generated by rack-type tools (hobs, rack
cutters or generating grinding wheels) or piniowtype tools (disk-type shaper cutters). The numerical
examples are shown in tabular form and provide thevaluesforall
variables as calculated using the procedures
and equations in AGMA 908-B89. A flow chart, intended to assist in the development of a computer program
for these variables, is also included.

Copyright 0,1993

by American Gear Manufacturers

Association

Published by

American Gear Manufacturers Association


1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, Virginia 22314

January, 1993

ISBN: 1-5558~17-0

ii

Table of Contents
Page
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V
1
1
Scope .........................................................................
1
1.1 Numericalexamples .............................................................
1
1.2 Flow chart ......................................................................
1
1.3 Exceptions .....................................................................
2
2.1
2.2

Definitions and symbols ..........................................................


Definitions ......................................................................
Symbols .......................................................................

1
1
1

3
3.1
3.2

Numericalexamples .............................................................
Examples ......................................................................
Tabulation of examples ..........................................................

4
4
5

Flow chart

5
5.1
5.2
5.3

Cutting tool geometry ...........................................................


Rack type cutting tools ..........................................................
Pinion type cutting tools .........................................................
Cutting tool drawings ...........................................................

...................................................................

28
37
37
37
37

Tables
I
2A
2B
3A
3B
4A
4B
5A
5B
6A
6B
7A
7B
8A
8B
9A
9B
10A
1OB
11A
11 B
12.r
12B

Symbols used in equations .......................................................


Accurate spur gears, example 3.1 .l ...............................................
Accurate spur gears, example 3.1 .l ...............................................
Inaccurate spur gears, example 3.1.2 ..............................................
Inaccurate spur gears, example 3.1.2 ..............................................
: ..........................
Conventional helical gears, example 3.1.3 ..............
Conventional helical gears, example 3.1.3 .........................................
Low axial contact ratio (LACR) helical gears, example 3.1.4 .........................
Low axial contact ratio (LACR) helical gears, example 3.1.4 .........................
Conventional helical gears, different tools, example 3.15 ............................
Conventional helical gears, different tools, example 3.1.5 ............................
Spur sun and planet gear, example 3.1.6 ..........................................
Spur sun and planet gear, example 3.1.6 ..........................................
Spur planet and ring gear, example 3.1.7 ..........................................
Spur planet and ring gear, example 3.1.7 ..........................................
Helical sun and planet gear, example 3.1.8 ........................................
Helical sun and planet gear, example 3.1.8 ........................................
Helical planet and ring gear, example 3.1.9 ........................................
Helical planet and ring gear, example 3.1.9 ........................................
Conventional double helical gears, example 3.1 .I 0 .................................
Conventional double helical gears, example 3.1 .l 0 .................................
Herringbone gears, example 3.1.11 ...............................................
Herringbone gears, example 3.1 .ll ...............................................

2
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

Figures
1
2
3

Flow chart for Z and .Zsubroutines for AGlvlA 908-B89 ... ...........................
Hobfor examples3.1.1 and3.1.2 ................................................
................................................
Hobforexamples3.1.3and3.1.4

28
37
38
.. .
III

Table of Contents (cant)


Page
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Hobfor example3.1.5 ..........................................................


Helical pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.5 .................................
................................................
Hobforexamples3.1.6and3.1.7
Spur pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.7 ...................................
Hob for example 3.1.8 ..........................................................
Helical pinion type shaper cutter for examples 3.1.8 and 3.1.9 .......................
Helical pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.9 .................................
Hobforexample3.1.10 .........................................................
Helical pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1 .ll ................................

38
39
39
40
40
41
41
42
42

[The foreword, footnotes, and annexes, if any, in this document are provided for informational purposes only
and are not to be construed to be part of AGMA 918A93, A Summary of Numerical Examples Demonstrating
the Procedures

for Calculating Geometry Factors for Spur and Helical Gears.]

This AGMA information sheet and related publications are based on typical or average data, conditions, or
application.
This information sheet, AGMA 918-A93, was prepared to assist designers in the proper use and interpretation
of AGMA 908B89 and to assist in the development of computer programs when calculating geometry factors
for pitting resistance, I, and bending strength, J. A flow chart provides a step by step procedure for the
calculation of these factors, either manually or by computer program. Several examples are provided to
demonstrate the calculation procedure for the various characteristics of geometry as described in AGMA
908-B89.
These include accurateand inaccurate spur gears, conventional and LACR helical gears, internal and external
gears, double helical and herringbone (Sykes) gears, and addendum modifications. The calculation of J-factor for internal gears is not defined in AGMA 908B89 and, therefore, is not covered in this information sheet. A
tabulation of all calculated variables is provided for each example based on its design criieria. This provides
the designer with known results to check against when calculating or programming these factors.

Suggestions for the improvement of this information sheet will be welcome. They should be sent to the
American Gear Manufacturers Association, 1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, Virginia, 22314.

PERSONNEL

of the AGMA Committee

for Helical Gear Rating

Chairman: D. McCarthy (Dorris Company)


Vice Chairman: N. Hulse (General Electric)

ACTIVE MEMBERS
K. E. Acheson .......
M. Antosiewicz ......
J. Bentley ...........
E. S. Bemdt .........
J. D. Black ..........
E. J. Bodensieck .....
N. K. Burrell .........
M. F. Dalton .........
G. DeLange .........
J. Ft. DeMarais .......
R. J. Drago ..........
R. L. Errichello .......
H. Hagan ............
H. Ft. Johnson .......
0. LaBath ...........

ASSOCIATE

G. Lian ..............
L. Lloyd .............
D. R. McViiie ........
A. Milbum ...........
C. Moyer ............
R. Nay ..............
M. W. Neesley .......
W. P. Pizzichil ........
J. W. Polder .........
E. R. Sewall .........
J. Tellman ...........
T. Tumbull ...........
W. Wagner ..........
C. C. Wang ..........
R. Wasilewski ........

Amarillo Gear Co.


Lufkin Industries
Gear Engineers, Inc.
Milbum Engineering
The Timken Co.
Pratt & Whitney
WesTech Gear
Philadelphia Gear
Academic Member
Sewall Gear
Reliance Electric/Reeves
Mobile Pulley & Machine
Sewall Gear
3E Software & Engrg.
Arrow Gear

MEMBERS

J. Adamson .........
R. G. Allenby ........
J. Amendola .........
K. Beckman .........
D. L. Borden .........
E. R. Braun ..........
G. Buziuk ...........
A. Cardou ...........
M. R. Chaplin ........
J. Cianci ............
A. S. Cohen .........
J. T. Cook ...........
R. DiRusso ..........
D. W. Dudiey ........
K. A. Evans ..........
R. Geary ............
R. Giuffra ...........
L. L. Haas ...........
F. M. Hager ..........
A. C. Hayes .........
W. H. Heller .........
G. Henriot ...........
M. Hirt ..............
D. R. Houser ........
. lrey ...............
T. W. Jessup .........
T. Kameyama ........
M. Lawrenz ..........
J. Liesicki ...........
J. Maddock ..........
D. Mairet ...........

vi

The Gear Works-Seattle


Falk
Peerless-Winsmith
C&M of Indiana
GM/Allison Div.
Bodensieck Engineering
Metal Improvement Co.
General Electric
Emerson Power Trans.
Bison Gear
Boeing
Academic Member
Cincinnati Gear
Lufkin Industries
Cincinnati Gear
TIW Systems
Hamilton Gear
MAAGlArtec
Lufkin Industries
Gear Research Institute
Eaton
Brad-Foote
Universite Lava1
Contour Hardening Inc.
General Electric
Engranes y Maquinaria
Power-Tech
Kaman
Honorary Member
GM-Saginaw Div.
Terre11Gear Drives
ABS
SPECO Corporation
Cummins Engine
DACA
Peerless-Winsmith
Engrenages et Reducteurs
Renk Tacke GmbH
Academic Member
New Angle Gear
Lucas Western Inc./ATD
SeikiiKogyosho
Metal Improvement
Falk Corporation
Consultant
Falk Corporation

Gleason Works
T. J. Maiuri ..........
Cummins Engine
P. C. McAvoy ........
Marathon Letourneau
B. W. McCoy ........
Horsburgh & Scott
F. Myers ............
Nuttall Gear
D. Moser ............
Alten-Foundry
B. L. Mumford .......
MAAG
W. Nageli ...........
Chicago Gear-D-O-James
B. C. Newcomb ......
F. L. Smith
H. C. A. Nielsen ......
F. L. Smith
J. Nyerup ...........
Nippon Gear
. Okamoto ..........
Cleveland Gear
G. E. Olson ..........
Academic Member
J. A. Pennell .........
Reliance Electric
A. E. Phillips .........
Amarillo Gear
B. D. Pyeatt .........
Brad Foote
V. Z. Rychlinski ......
Det Norske Veritas
E. Sandberg .........
W. F. Schierrenbeck . . Xtek Incorporated
Academic Member
A. Seireg ............
E. E. Shipley .........
Mechanical Technology
Flender Corporation
D. A. Sylvester .......
Precision Gear
D. Set&for. ..........
Invincible Gear
L. J. Smith ...........
Honorary Member
. A. Thoma .........
IMO Delaval, Inc.
W. J. Toner ..........
Klingelnberg
H. J. Trapp ..........
Flender Corporation
F. C. Uherek .........
Tsubakimoto Chain
T. Urabe ............
General Motors/AGT
D. A. Wagner ........
Academic Member
H. Winter ............

AGMA919-493

A Summary of Numerical
Examples Demonstrating
the Procedures for Calculating Geometry Factors for
Spur and Helical Gears

only and are not intended to be recommendations


for gearset design.
12 Flow chart
The flow chart provides a step by step procedure for
calculating geometry factors, I and J, using the
equations and instructions from AGMA 908-B89.
The numerical value tables are formatted to coincide with the flow chart procedures.

1 Scope
This information sheet provides a set of numerical
examples which calculate the geometry factor for
pitting resistance, I, and bending strength, J, for a
variety of gearsets selected to demonstrate thevarious gear geometries analyzed in AGMA 908-l389,
Geometry Factors for Determining the Pitting Resistance and Bending Strength of Spur, Helical and
Herringbone Gear Teeth. A flow chart is also included to formalize the calculation procedures for
the numerical examples and to assist in the practical
application of AGMA 908-889.
1 .l Numerical examples

Numerical examples were selected to demonstrate


the following conditions: accurate and inaccurate
spur gears, conventional and LACR (low axial contact ratio) helical gears, internal and external gears,
double helical and herringbone (Sykes) gears and
addendum modification. For simplification purposes and for demonstrating the effect on resulting
geometry factors, similar examples were selected
with different load locations (example 3.1 .lvs3.12)
and face widths (example 3.1.3 vs 3.1.4)

1.3 Exceptions

A procedure for the calculation of bending strength


geometry factor, J, for internal gears has not been
established by AGMA. For this reason, numerical
examples and flow chart procedures for such a calculation are not included.
2 Definitions

and symbols

2.1 Definitions
The terms used, wherever applicable, conform to
the following standards:
ANSI Y10.3-1968, Letter Symbols for Quantities
Used in Mechanics of Solids,
AGMA 904-B89, Metric Usage;
AGMA 1012-F90, Gear Nomenclature, Definitions
of Terms with, Symbols.
2.2

Symbols

The symbols used in the geometry factor formulas


are shown in table 1.
NOTE - The symbols, definitions and terminology
used in this informationsheet may differ from other

The results are presented in tabular form by providing the numerical results for each equation as presented in AGMA 908-689 and appropriate to that
gear geometry. Gear cutter data is presented for
each component in each numerical example. All
gearsets are functional and do not violate any of the

Units of measure are not shown in table 1 because

exceptions stated in the scope of AGMA 908-B89.

the equations are in terms of unity normal module or

The examples used are for demonstration purposes

unity normal diimetral pitch.

AGMA documents. The user should not assume that


familiar symbols can be used without a careful study of
these definitions.

AGMA 919-A93

Table 1 - Symbols used in equations


Symbols

Terms

C&,...C(j
Gzl, cm+

ch
cr
cv
Di

d
F
fi
F2
H
&lo
hF
Z
J

Kf
Kv
L

L min
M
mF
mG
N
mn
mP
II
n0

5 n2
*a
%
%
Plld

pb
PN
PX
R19R2
Rbl Rb2
Rbc

cnt

distances along line of action (See figure 3-I of AGMA 9084389)


distances along line of action of virtual spur gear
helical factor
operating center distance
helical overlap factor
inside diameter of internal gear
pinion operating pitch diameter
effective face width
gear type code
spur gear load sharing code
parameter for stress correction factor
nominal tool addendum
height of Lewis parabola
pitting resistance geometry factor
bending strength geometry factor
stress correction factor
helix angle factor
parameter for stress correction factor
minimum length of contact lines
parameter for stress correction factor
axial contact ratio
gear ratio
load sharing ratio
normal module
transverse contact ratio
virtual tooth number
virtual tooth number of tool
tooth number, pinion and gear
fractional part of mF
tool tooth number
fractional part of mp
normal diametral pitch
transverse base pitch
normal base pitch
axial pitch
standard pitch radii, pinion and gear
base radii, pinion and gear
base radius of tool

continued
2

AGMA 919-A93

Table 1 (continued)
Symbols
Rc
Rrnl
ROL Ro2

Roc
m rn2

I,
n
rm
II
5lo

rsno
ha 9 ?&a2

rid, hb2
?lbO

rnL
SF
S,
Snl, Sn2

%l
STlO
sns
Tl
To1

us
x
X17X2

xtz
X0

XgbXg2
Y
Y
Y'
z
O1n
ani
Pn
4
60

6 a0
qnF

Terms
standard pitch radius of tool
mean radius of pinion
addendum radii, pinion and gear, internal and external
outside radius of tool
reference pitch radii of virtual spur gear
generating pitch radius of virtual spur gear
reference pitch radius of virtual tool
generating pitch radius of virtual tool
radius to center 9 of tool tip radius
virtual outside radii
virtual base radii
virtual base radii of tool
virtual load radius
tooth thickness at criiical section
reference normal circular tooth thickness
reference normal circular tooth thickness, pinion and gear
tooth thickness at outside diameter
reference normal circular tooth thickness of tool
standard tooth thickness, thinned for backlash
temporary variable
temporary variable
stock allowance per side of tooth, for finishing
addendum modification coefficient at zero backlash
addendum modification coefficient, pinion and gear
generating rack shift coefficient
addendum modification coefficient of tool
generating rack shii coefficient, pinion and gear
tooth form factor
iteration function
derivative of iteration function
active length of line of action
angle of surface, normal
iteration angle
angle between tangent to fillet and tooth center line
amount gear tooth is thinned for backlash
amount of protuberance, tool
amount of effective protuberance, tool
ordinate of criiical point F
continued

AGMA 91 &A93

Table 1 (concluded)
Symbols

Terms
angular displacement of gear
angular displacement of tool
distance from pitch point to points F and S
angle to center S of tool tip radius
auxiliary angle locating point s
abscissa of criiical point F
radii of curvature of profiles at point of contact stress calculation
radii of curvature of profile at mean radius
tool tip radius
minimum radius of curvature of fillet curve
standard transverse pressure angle
standard normal pressure angle
generating pressure angle
iteration value for generating pressure angle
load angle
pressure angle at radius where tool tooth is pointed

en
em
KFKS

hns
z
Pla P2
bzl~ brl2

Pa0
PF
cp
bt
4::
4);
%L
- blpo

operating normal pressure angle

%r
4hs

pressure angle at point s on tool


pressure angle at load application point
operating transverse pressure angle
standard helix angle
base helix angle
operating helix angle
angle of inclination of helical contact line

hlW

+r
w
vb

yr
co

Subscripts
0 tool
1 pinion
2 gear

3 Numerical

normal or virtual spur gear


0 erating or running
El sence of a subscript indicates transverse

examples

Eleven numerical examples, based on actual gearsets, are presented to demonstrate the calculation
of both geometry factors, I and J, using the procedures outlined in AGMA 908-B89.
3.1 Examples
The following examples were selected to illustrate
the various types of gearing and geometry features
found in most of todays gearing.

3.1 .l Accurate spur gears


This example demonstrates a spur gearset which
meets the criteria of table 5-l in AGMA 908-B89 for
load sharing and is therefore considered loaded at
the highest point of single tooth contact.
3.12 Inaccurate spur gears
This example, which uses the same geometry as
3.1 .l, does not meet the criteria in table 5-l of
AGMA go&B89 for load sharing and is therefore
considered to be loaded at the tip of the teeth.

AGMA 91 &A93

3.1.3 Conventional helical gears


This example demonstrates a conventional helical
gearset where the mesh face width is greater than
the axial pitch. It also includes an addendum
modification coefficient in the pinion and protuberance in the rack cutter used to generate both
components.
3.1.4 Low axial contact ratio (LAM)
gears

helical

This example, which uses the same basic geometry


as 3.1.3, demonstrates an LACR helical gearset
where the face width has been reduced to less than
the axial pitch. The effect on both geometry factors
under these conditions can readily be seen.
3.1.5 Conventional helical gears, different tools
This example demonstrates a conventional helical
gearset with addendum modification. The pinion is
generated by a hob and the gear by a pinion type
shaper cutter. Both cutters have protuberance.
3.1.6 Spur sun and planet gear
This example combines with 3.1.7 to demonstrate
the geometry factor calculation for a spur sun/planet
gear combination. Here, the I factor for the
sun/planet mesh and the J factor for each component are calculated.
3.1.7 Spur planet and ring gear
This example combines with 3.1.6 and demonstrates the effect on the I factor when the same
planet meshes with the internal ring gear of the
same set. The calculated J factor for the planet in
the planet/ring mesh is diierent from that in the
sun/planet mesh (3.1.6). TheJfactorcalculationfor
the ring gear is beyond the scope of this information
sheet (see 1.3).
3.1.8 Helical sun and planet gear

planet gear combination. The Z factor for the


sun/planet mesh along with the J factor for each
component is calculated.

3.1.9 Helical planet and ring gear


This example combines with 3.1.8 and demonstrates the effect on the Z factor when the same
planet meshes with the internal ring gear of the
same set. The calculated J factor for the planet in
the planet/ring mesh is different from that in the
sun/planet mesh (3.1.8). TheJfactorcalculation for
the ring gear is beyond the scope of this information
sheet (see 1.3).

3.1 .I0 Conventional double helical gears


This example demonstrates the method for considering the double face width encountered in this type
of gearing.

3.1 .I1 Herringbone gears


This example demonstrateshow transverse diametral
pitch, usually associated with this type of gearing, is
accommodated.

3.2 Tabulation of examples


Tables 2B through 12B tabulate all the information
relating to each example as described in 3.1. The
format is based on the flow chart as presented in
clause 4 and includes all basic geometry (input
data) and results of the calculations for every
variable applicable to that gearset. These example
were calculated to 14 significant digits and the
results rounded as shown. For those variables
found by iteration, the final iterative value is listed.
See tables 2A through WA for the specific value of
each variable at each iteration loop. Figures 2
through 12 illustrate the various cutting tool profiles.

This example combines with 3.1.9 to demonstrate

Specificdata relatingto each gearset or component

the geometry factor calculation for a helical sun/

is listed in the individual example tables.

AGMA 91 &A93
Table 2A - Accurate spur gears , example 3.1.1
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv $;
cp"nz
fb"

n(i +l)

0.014910
0.358675
0.349386

0.014910

0.014910
0.349112
0.349111

0.349386
0.349112

6
-

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable

a
Pn
no
K
S

P
If
c.F
P
UT
Y
IYl
ant

1
0.785398
0.000187
-1.325365
-1.761865
0.099917
0.685481
1.179814
24.257896
1.142721
4.452621
0.689143
0.689143
0.630626

0.630626
0.000257
-1.589244
-2.025744
0.113499
0.517127
1.127191
24.334854
1.065763
3.441053
0.085121
0.085121
0.605889

0.605889
0.000270
-1.645464
-2.081964
0.116204
0.489685
1.119292
24.349198
1.051418
3.322607
0.001485
0.001485
0.605442

4
0.605442
0.000271
-1.646525
-2.083025
0.116255
0.489187
1.119150
24.349464
1.051153
3.320554
0.000000
0.000000
0.605442

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable

v-

0.014894
0.358546

0.014894
0.349263

0.014894
0.348989

0.349263

0.348989

0.348988

inv $;

nl
n(i +l)

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable

an
ho
CS

9
(32
Bn
GlF
%F
k
Y
Y
IYl
%i

1
0.785398

0.000232
-1.641409
-2.077909
0.053295
0.732103
1.224450
50.535758
1.239255

0.586171
0.000349
-2.097854
-2.534354
0.064581
0.521590
1.158420
50.627373
1.147640

0.541381
0.000386
-2.251830
-2.688330
0.068083
0.473298

5.034538
1.003017

3.586125
0.160620

1.003017
0.586171

4
0.539939
0.000387
-2.257242
-2.693742
0.068205
0.471734
1.144259
50.653515

0.539938
0.000387
-2.257248
-2.693748
0.068205
0.471733
1.144259
50.653516

1.121498

1.121497

3.374076
0.004867

3.367760
0.000005

3.367754
0.000000

0.160620

0.004667

0.541381

0.539939

0.000005
0.539938

0.000000
0.539938

1.144696
50.652661
1.122352

AGMA 916-A93
Table 2B - Accurate spur gears , example 3.1.1

mn

on

20.0000

w
c,

==

15.5000

FI
53

62
%
w
cr

Input data

Pinion

Gearset
0.2WOW

n,1

= lWO0

o.owo

Rol

2.5000

Xl

x01

51

Z subroutine

Pl

8.625431

Rol
Ro2
G
Rl
R2
9
Rbl

26.612500

P2

17.881130

52.887000

Pml
Pm2

9.045870

17.460691

25.5WOW

cy

1 .OOOOW

52.OWOW

0.107

Rb2

48.664016

25.612750

0.349066

sno

1.570796

R,:!

26.612500

in3

1.570796

T1

25.5WWO

0.015061

R1

52.OWWO

25.5WWO

48.864016

+ns
inv%zs =
Sno
=
=
inv%zpo
=
hnsf2

o.ol4wg

0.116255

0.489187

1 A56500

o.wwoo

Pa0

0.436500
O.W99W

J factor Pinion
=
n
51 .WWW
=

23.962162

=
=

cn4

rd

na
L,h
zN
Yr

=
=
=
=

r&2

~2

9 nr

;:
h?.F
%F
hF
Y

-0.WOW8
0.014910

1.119150
24.349464
1.051153
3.320554

104.000000

= 5001.02WW

GO

qns

=
=
npo =

hnsIi
inv+
n =
vii =
5i =

0.349626

0.015061
-Q.OOWO8
0.014894
0.348988
51.998536

17.881130

-0.112700

0.0215oo

ho

nC

= 10000.000000

KS

-2.257248

h a0

1.456500

KF

-2.693743

X0

o.owwo

0.436500

0.009900

Pa0
6 a0

J factor aear

= 4999.859214

GO
an

0.539938

0.000387

0.068205

;:
LF

0.471733

1.144259

qnF

50.653516

hF
Y

1.121497

3.367754
0.000000

104.000000

rn

52.OWWO

48.864016

anl
pF
0

0.539938

0.462105

o.ooww

nb

cn4

o.wowo

nl
pF
co

0.605442

n2

0.469891

=
=

ch

1.ooww
2.288518

ch

1 .ooowo

0.18WW

SF
H
L
M

2.238300

Cnl

=
=

SF
H
L
M

nb2
na2
c,6

0.15ww

0.45ww

1.932315

0.879759

0.083165

3f

1 .wowo

+&

0.336924

KY
Y
J

1.ooww

=
=

-0.142235

1.955632

5
sn

0.385043

0.46

l.OOOOW

cn6

O.OWOW

Cnl

0.349066

52.887000

KF

h,

-2.083025

x0

m@nW=

0.014979

R,l

0.349626

-1.646525

&

12.5WOW

invqns =

$0

25.5OWW

Px
mF

To1

26.612500

0.796404

= 5W1.02OWO

KS

rn

G3.64. G5
nr
=

0.490385

kzo

8.721514

1.796404

0.605442

= 10000.000000

nbo

mG

0.00027 1

= 4698.463104

ni

nC

= 5000.000000

= 5Wo.W0000

Asn

= 1 oooo.000000

nO

= 4698.463104

an

6.274342

51.775013

no

Asn

0.112700

0.0215

= 5000.082737

9.226474

no
nbo

G6 gear

r,0

O.o215W

sm

= 10000.000000

=
=
=

5.303220

0.46

25.400616

0.349111

Rbl
c4
x

8.625431

0.338152

25.500422

23.962162

11.577563

rnL

2.952131

0.0099

rnL

25.5OWOO

0.904103

+ni

6 a02

R2
Rbl
cfl
x

RI

0.4365

26.612500

=
=

1.631335

$d

nO

-0.1127

1.4565

ha02
Pa02

As,.,2 =

ilV@;

9.226474

104

o.owo
x02
=
Cutter figure 2

51 .OOWW

Rol

26.506561

6
Cl
%
c4
%
c,
z

G6 pinion
n1
=

0.349066

o.owow

vb

Cutter figure 2

12.500000

2.952131

x2

0.0215

b
pN

= low0
= 10.5774

Asnl

77.5WOW

nc2
Ro2

O.WW

51 .WWW

23.962162

0.4365

0.1127

=
=

2.039216

0.0099

d
Rml

o.owow

n2

5.3225

sn
0.349066

1.4565

kzol =
Pa01 =
%zol =
=

g&g

0.000000

0.18OWO
0.150ooo
0.45owo

na
=
fN)nW=

0.365937

1.467257

AGMA 919-A93
Table 3A - inaccurate spur gears , example 3.1.2
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv 41;
0".
nr
v

n(i +l)

0.014910
0.358675
0.349386

0.014910
0.349386
0.349112

0.014910
0.349112
0.349111

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
a

0.785398

0.493311
0.000348

0.415646
0.000424

0.413704
0.000427

-1.325365

-1.978607

-2.320097

-2.330343

0.413704
0.000427
-2.330347

3
s"
CF

-1.761865
0.099917
0.685481
1.179814

-2.415107
0.131500
0.361811
1.084906

-2.756597
0.146393
0.269253
1.062498

-2.766843
0.146832
0.266872
1.061951

-2.766847
0.146833
0.266871
1.061951

liti
Y";
Y
IYl
an1

24.257896
2.180642
8.171188
2.386698
2.386698
0.493311

24.425387
2.013150
5.651664
0.438935
0.438935
0.415646

24.494373
1.944165
5.408071
0.010502
0.010502
0.413704

24.496365
1.942173
5.404076
O.OOQOQ4
0.000004
0.413704

24.496365
1.942172
5.404074
0.000000
0.000000
0.413704

0.364451
0.000608
-3.254052
-3.690552
0.089435
0.275016
1.092424
50.788502
1.935784
5.208114
0.000000

cl

0.000187

K
S

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv @;
c#Y.
?u
v
n(i +l)

0.014894
0.358546
0.349263

0.014894
0.349263
0.348989

0.014894
0.348989
0 348988

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an
bw
%

KF
en
&
LF
SF

hF
Y'
Y
IYl

an1

1
0.785398
0.000232
-1.641409

-2.077909
0.053295
0.732103
1.224450
50.535758
2.188528
8.619650
2.709265

2.709265
0.471065

2
0.471085
0.000456
-2.556479

-2.992979
0.074778
0.396307
1.123731
50.697888
2.026398
5.572368
0.572150

0.572150
0.368409

3
0.368409
0.000601
-3.220720
-3.657220
0.088748
0.279661
1.093594
50.784392
1.939895
5.216194
0.020632

0.020632
0.364454

4
0.364454
0.000608
-3.254026
-3.690526
0.089434
0.275020
1.092425
50.788499
1.935788
5.208120
0.000016

0.000016
0.364451

0.000000
0.364451

AGMA 916-A93
Table 3B - Inaccurate spur gears , example 3.1.2
Gearset
m,
=

Input data

Pinion

0,

20.0000

n,l

= 10000

Pa01

=
=

w
c,

=
=

0.0000
15.5000
2.5000

Rol
Xl

=
=

6 a01
Asnl

=
=

x01

Fl
F2

=
=

62
%l
w
cr

0.200000

1
2

n1

51

ha01

Cutter

figure

5.3225
0.1127

hLlo2

1.4565

=lOooO

Pa02

0.4365

RAA

10.5774

6 LIv.2
nn3

0.0099

$7

-0.1127

AS,2

0.0215

rnL

52.724286

0.4365

n2
nc2

(I.0099
O.Ml5

104

x02
=
0.0000
Cutter figure 2

0.0000

Z subroutine

sn

1.631335

0.438626

0.436269

0.30

0.349066

51.oooooo

qjjL

0.000000

Rml

25.612750

rnL
no

=
26.438538
= 10000.000000

no

= 5000.000000

n1

nbo
rsno
$ ns
inv4$zs
sno

= 4698.463104

mG

0.490385

T,l

26.612500

Rol

52.887000

4,~

26.612500

T1
R1

255OOOOO

hns I2

52.OOOOOO

-o.oooou8 R2

25.500000

in@;,
+Li

0.348988

48.864016

ri

51.998536

77.5ooooo

Pl

8.625431

12.500000

17.881130

Rol

26.612500

P2
Pml

%2

P&l

=
=

9.045870

52.887000

17.460691

mG

2.039216

cy

1.000000

Rl

25.500000

R2
+
Rbl

52.OOOOOO

Rb2

0.349066

0.107

G6 pinion

= 5001.020000

0.349626

0.014979

vOnpo ,=

23.962162

nl

51.000000

hnsli

48.864016

ROI

26.612500

iI-@;

=
=

0.349066

Rl
Rbl

=
=

25.5OOOOO

Vni

=
=

9.226474

0.000000

c4
x

26.506561

Asn

6.274342

c3

1.4565

23.962162

1.570796

o.015061

G6

104.000000

an
f-G20

0.364451

0.000608

KS

-3.254052

KF
en

-3.690552

0.089435

Pn
LZF

0.275016

1.092424

^ln.F

50.788502

hF
Y

1.935784

5.208114

o.oooooo

nl

0.364451

nC

=1oooo.oooooo

h a0

1.456500

nC

= 10000.000000

KS

-2.330347

X0

0.000000

8.721514

h,

1.456500

-2.766847

0.436500

9.226474

x0

0.000000

0.146833

0.009900

C5
c2
2

11.577563

Pm

Pa0
6a0

c,

KF
en

0.436500

pn

0.266871

8.625431

aa0

0.009900

=
=
=

na
L,h
mN
Yr

=
=
=
=

$ nr

12.5OOOOO

25.500422

1.061951
24.496365
1.942172

n
rn

51.000000

hF
Y

5.404074

25.5OOOOO

0.000000

'&

23.962162

C n4
rn2

=
=

anl
pF
w

0.413704

t-h2

ch

1.000000

'~2

SF
H
L
M

2.123901

l.OOOOOO

cnfj

0.000000

C,l

0.349066

rm

0.483160

@4)nW=
xg

26.612500

osI83165

Kf
KY

0.014894

0.0215oo

0.000427

nr
Px
mF

0.015061
-0.000008

= 4999.859214

0.413704

0.796404

1.570796

sno
inV$npo =

Go

63.64. G5

0.014979

17.881130

1.796404

-0.112700

an
ko

0.349626

o.o215oo

J factor Pinion

Asn

5.303220

= 5001.020000

c4
n

%lF
%.F

= 4698.463104

Rbl

= 5000.082737

vb
C6
Cl

nbo
rsno
+ ns
hv+ns

0.349111

0.112700

= 5ooo.ooamo

2.952131

no

0.014910

Go

2952131

6
pN

=1oooo.oooooo

nO

0.469891
0.000000

0.180000
0.150000
0.450000
1.485424
1.000000

J factor aear
n
rn

104.000000

52.OOOOOO

nb
C n4
rn2

48.864016

0.462105

PF
w

0.000000

nb2
na2
c,fj

=
=
=

ch

1.000000

2.184848

0.18OOOO

C,l
ma

=
=

SF
H
L
M

0.150000

0.45oooo

Kf
KY

1.513080

1.oooooo

0.451108

0.30

$d

52.887000
0.414051

mn4nW=
xg
sn

=
=
=

y-:5;
.
0.385039

AGMA 919-A93
Table 4A - Conventional helical gears, example 3.1.3
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv @;
$"-

Ill
$

n(i +l)

0.014937
0.358888

0.014937
0.349589
0.349314

0.014937
0.349314
0.349313

0.349589

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable

a
co
K
s

0.785398
0.000102
-0.801380

0.530778
0.000174
-1.119323

0.484332
0.000194
-1.216848

0.483773
0.000194
-1.218144

P
s"
c.F

-1.210580
0.186208
0.599190
1.157476

-1.528523
0.220419
0.310360
1.092056

-1.626048
0.229993
0.254339
1.082560

-1.627344
0.230119

IIs
F
Y'
Y
IYl

10.767751
2.256396
7.558439
1.924528
1.924528

10.903191
2.120957
5.779360
0.268428
0.268428

10.935968
2.088180
5.652986
0.003165
0.003165

10.936387
2.087760
5.651830
0.000000
0.000000

an1

0.530778

0.484332

0.483773

0.483773

<

0.253654
1.082451

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv i$;

$2
%(i + 1)

0.014902
0.358611
0.349324

0.014902
0.349324
0.349050

0.014902
0.349050
0.349050

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an

0.785398
0.000198
-1.554759
-1.963959

0.470846
0.000389
-2.422778
-2.831978

0.370221
0.000510
-3.036768
-3.445968

0.366647
0.000516
-3.064963
-3.474163

0.366645
0.000516
-3.064981
-3.474181

0.056632
0.728766
1.235535
46.328373
2.223231

0.078839
0.392006
1.140587
46.482618
2.068985

0.092918
0.277303
1.112683
46.563564
1.988040

0.093552
0.273096
1.111685
46.567096
1.984507

0.093552
0.273093
1.111685
46.567098
1.984505

Y'
Y

8.691103
2.733809

5.665191
0.570059

5.332131
0.019054

5.325511
0.000012

5.325507
0.000000

IYl
ani

2.733809
0.470846

0.570059
0.370221

0.019054
0.366647

0.000012
0.366645

0.000000
0.366845

bl0
%

KF
&

fin
&IF
%lF
!F

10

AGMA 919-A93
Table 4B - Conventional helical gears, example 3.1.3
Gearset
ln
=

0.166667

0,

20.0000
15.0000

c,

9.3175

3.7500

Fl

F2

=Notrequireci

G2
%2
Y
cr

input data

Pinion
q

21

kzol

1.4760

n2

86

ha02

1.4760

n,1

=lOOOO

Pa02

0.4092

6 a02
*

Sn2

0.0061
- _^~^

rnL

Rol

-2.0667
~~~

Xl

0.5343

x01

0.0000

0.572388

.f

0.58

Rml

55.904888

Pl

5.131121

rnL
no

=
13.024147
= 11096.056659

22.499955

P2

15.821834

no

= 5548.028330

R2

0.360356
10.172208

Pml

Pn.Q=
cy

1.000000
0.242

G6 oinion
nl

21.000000

hns6

iv%zPo =
=
hnsi2

0.015046

R1

44.516876

0.014902

R2

10.870400

in@ >
$I;zi

-0.000006

0.349050

r;

47.712763

GO

= 5547.995640

an
kzo

-3.064981
-3.474181

2.952131

5.649417

GO

= 5548.528439

0.245674

0.534300

AS,,

0.024000

an
ko

0.483773

o.ooom

KS

-1.218144

KF
%z

-1.827344

5.649417

x0

0.000000

7.091582

pa0
6 a0

=
=

0.4092W

4.048065

1.476000

1.473848

63.64.65
0.473848
12.138182
1.853651
0.853651
33.224468
0.677210
0.264134
0.372068

J factor
n
rn
rnb
C n4

41.657612

0.349313

c4

16.904890

11.651910

0.000000

ASn

0.024000

nc

=10000.000000

KS

ha0

1.476000

KF

X0

0.000000

Pa0

0.409200

6ao

0.006100

0.230119

pn

0.253654

%F
9n.F

1.082451

1.111685

qn.F

46.567098

hF
Y

1.984505

5.325507

0.000000

nl
pF
0

0.366645

0.434174

5.236189

ch

1.286597

sF
H
L
M

2.223369

0.000000

10.948227

anl
PF
w

0.483773
0.435535

ch

rnb2
rna2

=
=

c,,fj
C,l
ma

=
=
=

13.180635

tantp,W

0.670365

X8

0.501330

nb
cn4
rn2

=
=
=
=
=

1.286597

nb2
na2
c,(j

SF
H
L
M

2.164902

C,l

48.715077

5.236189

0.000516

0.273093

5.651830

0.366645

0.093552

11.650859

=
=

1.570796

44.835595

rn2

0.014974

hF
Y

23.301719

10.936387

0.349594

;I
LF

2.087760

Dinion
=
=
=

Rbl

0.014937

J factor aear
=
n
95.426087
rn
=
47.713044

0.006100

4.485682

T1

-0.000006

mt-i

c4

0 nr

Sn0

Vni

4.112262

0.015046

10.870400

10.172208

Yj-

=
=

h,

=
=
=
=

inv+npo

1.570796

Rbl
c4

nC

=
=
=

2.605900

12.400175

12.400175

Cl
%

T,l
R,l

= 5549.095130

45.518909

illV@;l

=10000.000000

0.244186

= 5213.441281

12.400175

20.952955

mG

nbo
GO

10.870400

i
)N

86.000000

= 5548.028330

o.swi94
o.ol4974 R,2

0.384177

= 11096.056659

=
=

GO

3.043517

nl

nO
'no

qns
inv4ns

= 5213.441281
= 5549.095130

ROI

@r

G6

48.551604

9 ns
inv~,,
sno

nbo

Rl

41.657612

0.024u

0.0000
x02
=
Cutler figure 3

9d

10.870400

F
na
L,h
mN

11.393077

44.516876

=
=

x2

7.5865
- ---o.uuuo

nr
Px

0.580609

4.095238

0.0061
n n34n
.,s-T

Ro2

*w

=
-

Ro2

C5
c,
Z

6-UI
,A

12.400175

vb
c6

=lOOOO

1.935735

45.518909

Rb2

nc2

Rol

Rbl

0.4092

sn

0.261799

4,

21.943975

0.349066

Pa01

Cutter figure 3

I subroutine

@g

0.180000

na

0.150000

mOnW=

0.450000

xg

-y.ozo;;

Kf

1.472865

s,

KY

0.932426

@A

0.424901

0.393787

0.180000

0.15OoOO

0.450000

1.524664

KY
Y
J

0.932426

0.558144

0.54

11

Table 5A - Low axial contact ratio (LACR) helical gears, example 3.1.4
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv @;
$"*

nl
9
n(i +l)

0.014937
0.358888

0.014937
0.349589
0.349314

0.014937
0.349314
0.349313

0.349589

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
a
Pn

no
K

0.785398
0.000102
-0.801380

0.664320
0.000130
-0.919094

0.651858
0.000134
-0.934027

0.651758
0.000134
-0.934149

3
P"

-1.210580
0.186208
0.599190

-1.328294
0.199679
0.464641

-1.343227
0.201299
0.460559

-1.343349
0.201312
0.450446

CF
TlF

1.157476
10.767751

1.123738
10.825179

1.120528
10.831698

1.120502
10.831751

hF
Y'
Y

1.222488
4.231279
0.512316

1.165060
3.548075
0.044217

1.158541
3.492580
0.000348

1.158488
3.492145
0.000000

IYl
an1

0.512316
0.664320

0.044217
0.651858

0.000348
0.651758

0.000000
0.651758

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv Q;
t$"-

m
0
n(i +l)

0.014902
0.358611

0.014902
0.349324

0.014902
0.349050

0.349324

0.349050

0.349050

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an
lllzo
Ks

KF
en
Pn
LF
%.F

hF
Y'
Y

12

1
0.785398
0.000198
-1.554759
-1.963959
0.056632
0.728766
1.235535
46.328373
1.516735
6.035126
1.472435

2
0.541421
0.000329
-2.132880
-2.542080
0.071897
0.469524
1.160451
46.439304
1.405803
4.127370
0.266065

3
0.476957
0.000383
-2.394107
-2.803307
0.078164
0.398793
1.142289
46.478542
1.366566
3.848488
0.009375

4
0.474521
0.000386
-2.405443
-2.814643
0.078431
0.396090
1.141610
46.480158
1.364950
3.839332
0.000011

0.474518
0.000386
-2.405456
-2.814656
0.078432
0.396087
1.141609
46.480160
1.364948
3.839321
0.000000

IYl

1.472435

0.266065

0.009375

0.000011

0.000000

ani

0.541421

0.476957

0.474521

0.474518

0.474518

AGMA 916-A93
Table 5B - Low axial contact ratio (LACR) helical gears, example 3.1.4
Input data

Pinion

Gearset
mn
=

&Kd

1.4760

n2

kw2

1.4760

9,

20.0000

n,l

= 10000

pa01

0.4092

nc2

= 10000

Pa02

0.4092

w
c,

15.oooo
9.3175

Rol

2.0667

6 a01

0.0061

7.5865

=-

0-.---,
nmi

1.8750

Xl

0.5343

Asnl

O.o240

0.0000

FL-0
-uu.L

ROIL
x2

As,,2

0.0240

x01

0.0000

x02

0.0000

0.861107

n.L

47.845108

0.60

no
no

= 11096.056659

nbo
rs

= 5213.441281

4CS
inv@ns
sno

0.349594

0.014974

1.570796
0.015046

0.166667

21

Cutter figure 3
-

= Nnt
-

..-.,-

l..-

0.349066

@n
w
cr
F

0.261799
55.904888
11.249978
12.400175

Rol
Ro2

Z subroutine
d
=
Rml
Pl
P2
Pml

1.935735

21.943975

4$&

0.419985

11.393077

r-d

11.990239

no

=11096.056659

no
nbo

= 5548.028330

4.048065
16.904690
5.131121

Pm2

GO

= 5549.095130

cy

1.320561

0 ns

0.349594

10.8704oo

0.241

iin+,,

0.014974

sno

1.570796

hv+npo =

0.015046

10.172208

%
b
pN
vb

15.821834

G6 pinion
nl
=

0.534300

Asn

0.024000

2.605900

nc

=1oooo.oooooo

4.112262

h,

1.476000

0.000000

0.409200

O.OO61OO

c6
Cl
%
G

20.952955

5.649417

x0

C5
%
z

7.091582

Pa0

4.048065

aa0

4.485682
1.473848

63. G4. G5

=
=
=

na
L,h
mN
Yr

=
=
=
=

(4 nr

0.473848
12.138182
0.926826

J factor
n
rn
rnb
cn4
i-d
jIb2
rna2

: .oooooo cn6
0.264134
cnl
rm
0.372068

pinion
= 23.301719
= 11.650859
= 10.948227
=
=

5.670768
47.713044

=
=

44.835595

=
=
=

21.769309

@@nW=
X8
=

48.715077

2.716636

0.517962
0.501330

hF
Y
Y

12.400175

10.870400

44.516876

GO

= 5547.995640

0.474518

0.024000

an
hlo

A Sn

omo386

0.651758

nc

=1oooo.oooooo

-2.405456

ha0

KS

0.000134

1.476000

KF

-2.814656

x0

0.000000

Pa0

0.409200

ijao

0.006100

O1n
Clno
KS
KF
en
bz
LF
%F

0.245674

12.400175
45.518909

0.000000

60

2.952131

=
=

= 5549.095130

16.904890

= 5S8.528439

=
=

0.244186

5.649417

Rbl
c4

mG
To1
Rol
Ro2

Vni
ri

10.870400
10.1722o6

86.OOOOOO

C4

0.014937

5548.028330

10.8704oO

-O.OOOOO6

=
=
=

R1

n1

41.657612

illV$l;;

0.384177

G6

hnsf2

41.657612

=
=

12.400175

Y
J

hv@npo =
hns /2 =
invJ$h =
=
+;li
ri
=

21.oooooo

ROI

3.043517

= 5213.441281

4.095238

0.360356

Rb2

mF

44.516876

cp
Rbl

nr
Px

=
=
=

sn

=
=

45.518909

mG
Rl
R2

Cutter figure 3

rpntk-od

62

86

0.349313
11.651910

-0.934149
-1.343349
0.201312

T1
Rl
R2
Rbl

0.450446

1.158463

J factor aear
= 95.426087
n
rn
= 47.713044

3.492145

1.120502
10.831751

nl

0.651758

pF
Co

0.435535

ch
SF
H
L
M

1.000000

nb
Cn4
n2
nb2
na2
cn6

2.241005

cnl

0.000000

5.236189

0.180000
0.15oooo

=
=

44.835595

11.650859

10.948227

17.382131

13.180635

21.769309

14.430000

na
=
QNnW=

0.387686

0.45oooo

Kf

1.900525

1.000000

4$&

0.356572

-0.000006
0.014902
0.349050
47.712763

0.078432

;:
hlF

0.396087

1.141609

q?lF
hF
Y
Y
anl
pF
co

46.480160

1.364948

3.839321

0.000000

0.474518

0.434174

5.236189

ch
sF
H
L
M

1.000000

2.283219

0.18OOOO

0.15oooo

0.45oooo

Kf
KY

1.796876

1.000000

0.706122

0.52

Y
J

13

Table 6A - Conventional helical gears, different tools, example 3.1.5


Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable

3
0.014923
0.349204

0.349204

inv I$;

0.014923

cp"-

0.358773

0.014923
0.349479

0.349479

0.349204

nz
n(i +l)

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
a
c
K

0.785398
0.000161
-1.428714

0.489843
0.000301
-2.146816

0.423246
0.000356
-2 A58926

0.422544
0.000357
-2.462757

3
k
CF

-1.548714
0.108435
0.676963
1.174504

-2.266816
0.148603
0.341240
1.122203

-20.164394
578926
0.258852
1.108587

-2.582757
0.164585
0.257959
1.108439

IIg
Y<
Y
IYl
ani

20.907868
2.243744
8.228124
2.431867
2.431867
0.489843

21.006137
2.145476
6.031137
0.401655
0.401655
0.423246

21.050445
2.101167
5.929895
0.004159
0.004159
0.422544

21.051005
2.100608
5.929600
0.000000
0.000000
0.422544

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv $;
Vnr
Q"

n(i +l)

0.016894
0.373767
0.363741

0.016894
0.363741
0.363431

0.016894
0.363431
0.363430

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable

an
bw

0.785398

0.039613
-1.549491
-1.729491

0.478334
0.072843
-2.268065
-2.448065

0.388037
0.089196
-2.662398
-2.842398

0.384560
0.089925
-2.680317
-2.860317

0.384576
0.089926
-2.680339
-2.860339

ifl
%.F
F
V'
;I

0.068177
0.717222
1.237266
36.071536
2.178133
8.343913
2.562113

0.091832
0.386503
1.152564
36.215014
2.034656
5.576394
0.503535

0.103473
0.284564
1.124054
36.297514
1.952155
5.196610
0.017965

0.103992
0280588
1.122925
36.301402r
1.948268
5.183951
0.000022

0.103992
0.280583
1.122924
36.301406
1.946263
5.183935
0.000000
o.oooooo

41

0.478334

0.388037

0.384580

0.384576

0.384576

KF
en
fin

14

AGMA 919-A93
Table 6B - Conventional helical gears, different tools, example 3.1.5
Gearset
mn
=

Input data

Pinion
0.083333

nl

35

n,l

=lOOOO

hzol

1.4460

n2

59

ha*:!

1.4111

pa01

0.1200

nc2

42

Pa02

0.1800

Ro2
x2

3 7i?aFI
b.
.a..

a%-A

0.3523

on

20.0000

yc,

22.1090
4.2837

R,l

1.6843

6 a01

0.0187

0.8750

Xl

0.3498

Asnl

0.0240

x01

0.0000

Fl

F2

=Notrequired

G2
0.349066

+n
Y
cr
F

0.385875

Rol
Ro2

19.225277

Pl

7.779710

f32

12.541885

Pm2
cy

=
=
=

Rml

51.404606
10.500042
20.211681

P ml

33.165733
1.685714

G
Rl
R2

18.888911

38.280025

1.000000
0.166

31.841306
0.374334

+
Rbl

G6 oinion

n
%?L
nL

1.801430

0.466382

23.151612

nO

=12574.959321

no

= 6287.479660

nbo =
rsno
=
6 ns
=
invqbns =
sno
=

Y
J

'a

38.249670

no
no

=
=

52.814829
26.407415

nbo
rio

=
=

27.666315

G6 gear
=

5908.298240

mG

0.593220

(Pns

0.458011

6288.805660

To1

20.211681

inv~ns

0.034963

1.591033

o.s.ms5

59.000000

R,l

33.165733

sno

20.211681

hv+

R,2

1.570796

T1

18.888911

hns 12 =

0.003324

hv4npo =

0.015029

R1

31.841306

0.000031

R2
Rbl

18.888911

inVqJ~ =
=
$;zi

0.016894

29.636343

G
x

13.506516

0.352300

0.014981

Rb2
%b
pN
wb

29.636343

20.211681

inV($

0.014923

0.406423

=
=

18.888911

cPni

0.349204

3.156112

Rl
Rbl

17.560861

r;

22.007284

2.952131

c4

8.589692

GO

= 6287.795326

Asn

0.024000

0.361494

0.349800

0.422544

nC

6
Cl

20.321595

As,

0.024000

an
kzo

=
=

0.000357

h a0

5.433579

*C

=10000.000000

KS

-2.462757

7.566551

h a0

-2.582757

1.437722

P
G3. G4.65

Cn4
rn2
rnb2

=
=
=

15.131716

rna2

0.693910

cn6

=
=
=

0.437722

na
L,h
mN
Yr

=
=
=
=

0.257928

KF
x0
=
0.000000
en
Pa0
=
0.120000
Bn
0.018700
s a0
%lF
=
%F
J factor oinion
hF
n
= 44.012358 Y
rn
= 22.006179
Y
=

=
=
=

+ nr

1.446000

rnb

nr
Px
mF

8.347090
1.257928

0.390502
0.378768

Ins I2

C,l
rw

mOnW=
xg
=

20.679044

23.328949
0.522216
0.316830

0.164565

0.257959

1.108439

21.051005

2.100608

0.045029

0.363430

r;

37.294960

ri0

26.548955

an
CLno

0.384576

42.OCiWOO

KS

-2.680339

1.411100

-2.860339

x0

0.027800

Pa0
6a0

0.180000

0.012700

KF
en
&2
blF

J factor Qear

0.089926

0.103992

0.280583

1.122924

36.301406

1.948263

=
=

74.192260

5.183935

37.096130

0.000000

nb
Cn4
rn2

34.858960

nl

0.384576

0.255092

PF
0

=
=

7.910160

nb2
rna2
Cn6
Cnl

=
=
=
=

ch
SF
H
L
M

1.369671

2.245847

9
KY
Y
J

1.657346

0.856723

0.585609

0.51

n
rn

5.929600

0.000000

nl

0.422544

PF
0

0.164496

7.910180

ch
SF
H
L
M

1.369671

2.216878

0.180000

0.150000

0.450000

1.693445

xg
sn

=
=

0.656723

$&

Kf
%f

no0 =
1

4.537612

24.814853

nl

ROI

6.815079

0.0240

0.46

35.000000

9.971191

-.- .-,

0.541648

9
c2
z

n f-l197

nl

8.589692

-z

17.580881

C3
c4

--UUL
Asn2

0.0278
no2
=
Cutter figure 5

Cutter figure 4

I subroutine
d
=

j&&r

na
=
m+nW=

38.420556
0.463446
0.319330
1.803250
0.424237

15

0.180000

0.150000

0.45OOcn

Table 7A - Spur sun and planet gear, example 3.1.6


Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv $;
0".
rzz
Q"
n(i +l)

0.014928
0.358812

0.014928
0.349517

0.014928
0.349242

0.349517

0.349242

0.349241

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
a
c
K

0.785398
0.000151
-1.064773

0.602014
0.000219
-1.329401

0.573238
0.000233
-1.388073

0.572797
0.000233
-1.389022

3
ff
CF
P

-1.489773
0.168216
0.617182
1.129153
12.941082
1.473364

-1.754401
0.192695
0.409320
1.071762
13.043537
1.370909

-1.813073
0.197730
0.375509
1.063646
13.063152
1.351294

-1.814022
0.197810
0.374987
1.063524
13.063463
1.350983

YC
Y
IYl

5.246010
0.962033
0.962033

4.090220
0.117700
0.117700

3.970709
0.001753
0.001753

3.968983
0.000000
0.000000

Qhl

0.602014

0.573238

0.572797

0.572797

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv $;
4".
?ZZ
4"
n(i +l)

0.014928
0.358812
0.349517

0.014928
0.349517
0.349242

0.014928
0.349242
0.349241

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an

0.785398

0.000151
-1.064773
-1.489773

0.602014
0.000219
-1.329401
-1.754401

0.573238
0.000233
-1.388073
-1.813073

0.572797
0.000233
-1.389022
-1.814022

0.168216
0.617182
1.129153
12.941082
1.473364

0.192695
0.409320
1.071762
13.043537
1.370909

0.197730
0.375509
1.063646
13.063152
1.351294

0.197810
0.374987
1.063524
13.063463
1.350983

Y'
Y

5.246010
0.962033

4.090220
0.117700

3.970709
0.001753

3.968983
0.000000

IYl
ani

0.962033
0.602014

0.117700
0.573238

0.001753
0.572797

0.000000
0.572797

bzo
%

KF
en
Bn
GZF
%F
4F

16

AGMA 916-A93
Table 7B - Spur sun and planet gear, example 3.1.6
Gearset
m,
=

Input data

Pinion
0.200000

1.4975

722

26

hao2

1.4975

Pml

0.4250

nc2

=lOooO

Pa02

0.4250

3.0750

6 a01

0.0245

3.0750

8 a02

Asnl

0.0650

0.4098

As,;!

=
=

0.0245

0.4096

Ro2
x2

O.WW

26

0,

20.0000

n,l

=iwoo

v
c,

=
=

o.owo
5.7500

Rol

F
Fl
F2

=
=
=

Xl

2.5000

J-01

I
I

sn

1.804106

0.634206

rnL

d
Rlnl

=
=

26.750000

9d

0.421015

0.37

nO

= 10000.000000

14.375000

rnL

14.414446

Pl

5.005146

12.500000

P2

6.582480

no
nbo
rsno

= 5000.000000

26.750000

$ ns

0.349655

0.349066

+n
v
cr
F

o.owow

Rol
Ro2

15.375000

Pml

15.375000

Pm2

1.000000

mG
Rl
R2

14.000000
0.349066

sno

G6 Dinion

15.375000

0.349655

ROl

15.375000

o.olaa3

R,2

15.375000

'"v&p,

0.015061

1.570796

T1
R1

14.000000

-0.000006

14.000000

hnsii
inv+n

0.014926

-O.OOOOO6 R2

14.000000

0.349241

Rbl

13.155697

Tzi
r,

=
=

14.000695

0.349241

C4

6.562480

14.oooa95

0.409600
0.065000

=
=
=

O.OISWI

13.155697

Vni
m

2.952131

=
=

m"0

= 5ooO.319SS

0.000000

0.409600

Ass,

0.065OW
=
=1oooo.oooooo

%Z

14.000000
6.582480

5.793613

h,

1.497500

6.562460

x0

O.WWW

7.957276

Pm

0.425000

5.005146

sao

0.024500

0.465697

To1

Rbl
c4

G5

= 5001.072500

=
inv(bns =
sno
=

1.465697

=
=
=
=

'y%

=
=

nl

4.326929

@ns
irwjns

= 4696.463104

1.000000

iIN+;

3.630348

0 nr

0.091

26.000000

=
=

11.587626

C5
ci
z

y-

1.000000

Rol
R1

13.155697

vb
c6
Cl
c,
c4

zti
mN

GO

ni

15.375000

b
pN

cly

nbo

= 5000.000000

invOnpo =
Arts12 =

2.952131

Px

5.793813

rno

J factor pinion
=
n
26.000000

12.500000
1.000000
o.owow
0.414645

1.497500

-1.389022

x0

o.owwo

-1.614022

Pa0

0.425000

tjao

0.024500

0.197610

Pn

0.374967

ClF
9n.F

1.063524
13.063463
1.350963

J factor ciear
n
rn

0.000233
-1.389022

KS

KF
%z

-1.614022

&z
LF

0.374967

qnF

13.063463
1.350983

0.197610
1.063524

0.000000

=
=
=

nl

0.572797

PF
co

0.463530

=
=

ch

1.ooww

SF
H
L
M

2.127047

Kf
%

1.721566

0.320507
1.604106

0.634206

0.421015

0.37

ch

SF
H

2.127047

C,l

=
=

0.160000

ma

0.15ooo0

m+nW =

0.450000

Kf
Q

1.721566

xg
sn

=
=

1.000000

Q&

0.320507

0.572797

an
klo

13.155697

1.000000

GO

3.966963

0.500352

= 5000.319535

14.000000

nb2
na2
c,fj

1.570796

hF
Y

0.463530
o.wowo

0.0149a3

26.OOOOOO

anl
pF
co

= 5001.072500

=
=

rn2

=
=

mOnW=
xg
=

0.572797

c,4
rn2

ha0

13.155697

ma

0.000233

nb

=
=

= 10000.000000

Cn4

'&

c&i
C,l

n,

o.wowo

14.000000

KF
072

A Sn

0.572797

3.966963

'&

KS

0.014926

hF
Y

rn

rnb2=

an
Vno

= 4698.463104

G6

26.000000

0.414645

n,

5.793613

nO

14.414446

= 10000.000000

13.155697

63.64.

=
=

14.000000

$
Rbl
Rb2

0.0650

o.owo
x02
=
Cutter figure 6

Cutter figure 6
I subroutine

G.2

Gear

hzol

osoo352

o.ooww

0.1aww
0.15ww
0.45ww
l.WOOoO

17

Table 8A - Spur planet and ring gear, example 3.1.7


Pinion: iteration for generating pmure
Variable

v-

0.014928
0.358812

0.014928
0.349517

0.349517

0.349242

0.014928
0.349242
0.349241

inv $;
nr
n(i +l)

angle

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
an

1
0.785398

0.000151
-1.064773

0.661551
0.000193
-1.225493

0.647725
0.000199
-1.247761

0.647595
0.000199
-1.247975

Y'
Y
lYl

-10.168216
A.89773
0.617182
1.129153
12.941082
1.163157
4.212840
0.521748
0.521748

-1.650493
0.183502
0.478049
1.089338
13.006523
1.097715
3.485322
0.048189
0.048189

-1.672761
0.185507
0.462218
1.085164
13.014738
1.089501
3.421318
0.000446
0.000446

-1.672975
0.185526
0.462068
1.085125
13.014816
1.089422
3.420729
0.000000
0.000000

ani

0.661551

0.647725

0.647595

0.647595

%o
K
S

3
s"
CF
TlF

hF

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv $;

9.111
9
n(i +l)
Gear: iteration for critical point
Variable
an
ho
5
KF
&
Bn
LF
%F
b
Y
Y
IYl
clnl

18

AG MA 91 &A93
Table 8B - Spur planet and ring gear, example 3.1.7
Input data
Pinioq

Gearset
0.2WOW

Gear

28

n,l

=lOOW

Pn

t#bn

20.0000

w
c,

=
=

o.oooo
5.7500

Rol

3.0750

2.5000

Xl

0.4096

X01

O.WW

Fl

F2

Gz
0.349066

+n
w
cr
F

o.owow

Rol
Ro2
G
Rl
R2

Z subroutine
d
=
Rml
=

15.461135

5.793613

42.125000

P&

16.249802

3.035714

CyJ

l.WWW

0.244

nr
Px
mF

=
=
=

na
L,b
mN
vr
9 nr

=
=
=
=
=

0.000000 Cnl

0.372222

'na

xg

invQns =

an
%zo

0.409800

an

0.647595

nC

KS

o.wo199

h a0

-1.247975

X0

-1.672975

0.185526

pa0
6a0

KF
en
fin
%lF

0.462068

13.155697

0.448172
=

%l
R,l

Asn

@e,w=

(4ns

= 5W1.072500

GO

J factor pinion
n
= 28.WWW
rn
= 14.OOWW

cn6

mG

: .owow

n1

= 4698.463104

14.WO895

0.024500

= 5WO.WOWO

= 5000.319535

0.425000

'm2

G6 gear

5.896021

12.5WOW

14.104239

GO

P&,2

60

=10000.000000

c4

7.957278

;Ib2

0.43

0.349241

5.896021

no
nbo

0.825562

O.WWW

n2

=
=
=

no
rnbo
r-i0

cPni
r-i

x0

&
Cn4

no

1.804106
0.368836

%i
G

1.497500

0.698227

=
=

R2
Rbl

63. G4.65

rti
no

x02
=
Cutter figure 7

0.014928

h,

1.698227

-0.WOOO6

5.136275

5.013388

Asn2

2.943890

aa0

o.oow
0.0650

iIW$;f

=10000.000000

5.005146

0.6678
-0.2229

15.375000

nC

C5
F.2
z

6 a02

in@ >

28.WWW

c6
Cl
c3
c4

8.4250

*1

Asn

0.1500

Pa02

R1

0.065OW

o.owow

1.2629

1.570796

=
=
=

2.952131

0.015061

14.WWW

Rbl
c4

&lo2

=
=

13.155697

10.455989

mP

G6 Dinion
nl
=

Ro2
x2

85
30

2.952131

0.0245

=
=

sno
=
hvOnoo =
hnsf2

Rl

0.372222

0.0650

=
=

39.936936

@ns
hv+ns
sno
im%po
kI2

Rol

Rb2
4%
b
pN
vb

Asnl

rnL

13.155697

4.2

qnL

42.5WOW

cp
Rbl

=
=

14.375000

15.375000

0.349066

ezol
%fol

sn

5.005146

14.000000

n2

28.245614

12.5WOW

1.4975
0.4250

Cutter figure 6

PI
P2
pml

28.750000

huol

0.320507

Cl?lO
KS

KF
en
bl
LF
%F
hF
Y
Y

0.349655

o.o14ga3 R,2

1.085125
13.014816
1.089422
3.420729

J factor aear
=
n
rn
=

o.wowo

nb
cn4

=
=

anl

0.647595

n2

pF
co

0.463530

ch
SF
H
L
M

l.WOWO

nb2
na2
cn6
Cnl

=
=
=

0.18OWO

na

0.15owo

m+nW=

Kf
Kw

o.wowo

2.170249

0.45owo

1.898920

xi?
sn

=
=

l.WOOOO

$d

qnF
hF
Y
Y
anl

pF
w
ch
SF
H
L
M

Kf
%
Y

19

AGMA 918-A93
Table 9A - Helical sun and planet gear, example 3.1.8
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv $;
$".
tll

n(i +l)

0.030017
0.451838
0.437112

0.030017
0.437112
0.436527

0.030017
0.436527
0.436526

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
a
Pn
n0
K
S
P

0.785398
0.000092
-0.755647
-0.845647
0.183552

0.550858
0.000150
-1.020756
-1.110756
0.215756

0.516528
0.000163
-1.081818
-1.171818
0.222565

0.516292
0.000163
-1.082267
-1.172267
0.222614

s"

0.601846

0.335102

0.293964

0.293678

CF

1.203951

1.180769

1.177409

1.177386

P
YT
Y
IYl
ani

2.003974
9.761434
6.604027
1.548908
1.548908
0.550858

9.808402
1.957006
5.308212
0.182230
0.182230
0.516528

9.818742
1.946666
5.241281
0.001237
0.001237
0.516292

9.818818
1.946590
5.240928
0.000000
0.000000
0.516292

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable

inv $;
$"*

0.026131
0.431629

0.026131
0.418269

0.026131
0.417773

Cli +I)

0.418269

0.417773

0.417772

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable

Cr,
blo
KS

&
fb
GlF
SF
!F
Y'
Y

20

0.785398
0.019982
-0.595631
-0.775631
0.132923
0.652475
1.208512
13.176464
1.837279
6.313286
1.599280

2
0.532078
0.033342
-0.815390
-0.995390
0.152962
0.379116
1.173198
13.239694
1.774049
4.684785
0.240323

3
0.480780
0.037361
-0.887999
-1.067999
0.158991
0.321789
1.166728
13.257422
1.756320
4.524943
0.004303

4
0.479829
0.037442
-0.889483
-1.069483
0.159112
0.320717
1.166610
13.257776
1.755966
4.522425
0.000001

0.479829
0.037442
-0.889484
-1.069484
0.159112
0.320716
1.166610
13.257776
1.755966
4.522424
0.000000

IYl

1.599280

0.240323

0.004303

0.000001

0.000000

%i

0.532078

0.480780

0.479829

0.479829

0.479829

AGMA 918-A93
Table 9B - Helical sun and planet gear, example 3.1.8
Gearset
mn
=

0.111111

on

25.0000

c,

17.7276
2.5500

F
Fl

=
=

F2

1.5000
1

= Not required

G2
%l
w

Input data

Pinion

0.436332
0.309405

hzol
pa01

=
=

1.1460

n2

24

ha02

1.1287

0.0900

nc2

36

Pa02

0.1800

1.2154

a01

0.0000

Ro2

, F.4.c7

. .-.

K.-n

WaoL

n nnnn
.I

0.5420

Asnl

0.0180

x2

0.4316

Asn2

0.0180

rnL
no

=
=

15.013743

no

nbo
rsno
$ ns
inv~,,

=
=
=
=

nl

n,l

=lOOOO

Rol

==
=

0.0000

Xl
.x01

18

Rml
Pl
l-3

n
19.671448

=
=

9.988660

6.333708

Cr
F

22.950023

Rol
Ro2
G
Rl
R2
0
Rbl

10.938611

P ml

13.911314

1.333333

Pnz;!=
cy
=

9.448671

8.486309

nl

18.000000

Rb2

11.315079

ROI

Qr

0.530005

RI

b
pN

2.962281

Rbl
Cd

13.500014

nO

no
nbo
GO

0.801215

0.639785

0.55

11.765408

=11571X6413
= 5785.683206
= 5243.609743
= 5786.739206
0.436723

inv%zpo,=

0.030111

hns I2

0.000033

10.938611

iIN@;;

0.030017

9.448671

@ni

0.436526

=
=

8.486309

r?i

10.415169

6.471560

riY0

= 5786.204859

0.542000

Asn

0.018000

3.509279

nC

=10000.000000

4.972326

h,

1.146000

6.471560

x0

0.000000

6.901867

Pm
sao

=
=

0.090000

0.455256

2.847250
0.279592

c6
Cl
c3
c4
9
c,
z

11.602094

3.939586

1.000000
0.146

G6 pinion

0.000000

3.392587
1.145262

63.64. G5
n,
Px
??aF

=
=
=

na
L,h
mN

=
=
=

15.604712

Yj-

=
=

%.L
r2.L

2.058274

=
@ns
inV4%s =
=
sno

vb

0 nr

5.268385

12.598228

x02
= 4.6985
Cutter figure 9

Cutter figure 8
I subroutine
d
=

0.145262
10.317491
1.308459

J factor pinion

20.828460

rn
rnb

=
=

10.414230

C n4
rn2

=
=

0.000163

KS

-1.082267

KF
en

-1.172267
0.222614

pn

0.293678

Gl.F
Q2.F

1.177386
9.818818
1.946590

hF
Y

5.240928

0.750000

10.938611

13.911314

10.938611

9.448671

12.598228

9.448671

=
=
=

0.417772

11.315079

13.768851

7.662508

m0

20.653277

0.431600

O1n
bzo

0.018000
36.000000

KS

-0.889484

ha0

1.128700

KF

-1.069484

X0

-0.698500

Pa0
6 a0

0.180000

0.000000

J factor aear
= 27.771279
n
rn
=
13.885640

lnF

13.257776

hF
Y

1.755966
4.522424

0.000000
0.479829

1.166610

PF
0
ch

1.363320

SF
H
L
M

2.333220

0.677188

1.649675

0.412299

Ku
Y
J

0.903789

ch
SF
H
L
M

2.354772

C,l

15.198726

0.768580

Kf

1.671480

xg
sn

0.522699

KY

0.903789

(PnL =

0.14oOOo

na

0.110000

@NnW=

0.500000

0.320716

anl

0.507400

;:
&IF

12.584663

0.159112

=
=
=

c,fj

11.904170

0.037442

nb
C n4
rn2

1.363320

0.479829

0.026131

=
=

ma

0.052045

Asn
nc

nb2
rna2

C nl

0.035727

%i
ri

7.694021

0.321240

0.461130

hns 12
iIn+ ;z

pF
0

0.865124

18.876995
21.078660

0.006783

anl

20.828460

0.919365

0.116121

41.656919

sno
=
inv@npo =

0.516292

0.516292

24.000000

+j

xg

1.570796

n1
mG
%l
Rol
Ro2
T1
Rl
R2
Rbl
c,
x

9.488498

=
=

mOnW=

Orn
ho

0.030060

G6 aear

0.000000

nb2
na2

0.308459

@aJ

=
=

1.955313
0.576804

0.200831
7.694021

0.140000
0.110000
0.500000

21

0.826131
0.58

Table 1OA - Helical planet and ring gear, example 3.1.9


Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv 4;

0.026131

0.026131

0.026131

4)".

0.431629

0.418269

0.417773

0.418269

0.417773

0.417772

nr
4
n(i +l)

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
an

1
0.785398

0.019982
-0.595631

0.532078
0.033342
-0.815390

0.480780
0.037361
-0.887999

0.479829
0.037442
-0.889483

0.479829
0.037442
-0.889484

2
s"
CF

-0.775631
0.132923
0.652475
1.208512

-0.995390
0.152962
0.379116
1.173198

-1.067999
0.158991
0.321789
1.166726

-1.069483
0.159112
0.320717
1.166610

-1.069484
0.159112
0.320716
1.166610

F
Y";
Y
IYl
ani

13.176464
1.837279
6.313286
1.599280
1.599280
0.532078

13.239694
1.774049
4.684785
0.240323
0.240323
0.480780

13.257422
1.756320
4.524943
0.004303
0.004303
0.479829

13.257776
1.755966
4.522425
0.000001
0.000001
0.479829

13.257776
1.755966
4.522424
0.000000
0.000000
0.479829

P
no
K
S

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable

inv $;
vnr
C(i +l)

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an
ha0
5

KF
%l
fin
&lF
%F
4F
Y
Y
IYl
ani

22

AGMA 916-A93
Table IOB - Helical planet and ring gear, example 3.1.9
Input data

Pinion

g@J

mn

24

haol

1.1287

n2

69

hao2

1.1362

+n

25.0000

n,l

36

Pa01

nc2

36

Pa02

0.1080

w
c,

=
=

17.7276
2.5500
1.5000

ROI

1.5457

6 a01

=
=

0.1800

3.8846

6 a02

0.4316

Asnl

0.0180

-0.1972

Asn2

=
=

0.0000

Xl

Ro2
x2

x02

Fl

0.111111

nl

0.0000

=
-0.6985
x01
Cutter figure 9

Cutter figure 10

= Notrequired

I subroutine

62
+n
w
cr
F
Rol
Ro2

0.885141

nL

%L
nL

0.576804

0.71

nO

24.480024

0.309405

Rml

12.961363

22.950023

Pl

6.321860

13.500014

P2

15.073690

13.911314

Pm1
l-J&=
cy

1.000000

@iZS

0.461130

0.546

~VQ,,
Sno

0.035727
0.919365

T1
R1

24.000000

i%Zp0
Ins12

0.052045
0.006783

R2

13.911314

ilW&

0.026131

Rbl

Qni
ri

0.417772

c4

GO

13.768851

7.018480

r"0

20.653277

AS,

an
kzo

12.598228
36.219905
0.455256
11.315079
32.530852

Rb2

1.955313

2.875000

cp
Rbl

0.436332

34.961435

mG
Rl
R2

0.1111

G6 oinion
n1
=
ROI
=

15.013743

no

41.656919

G6

no

20.828460

ni

GO

nbo

18.876995

mG

21.078660

To1
Rol
Ro2

Q ns
iv4)n,y
sno
inv+ npo

nO

GO

nbo

hns 12
in@ 5
Q;zi

0.391249

Rl

12.598228

b
pN

2.962281

0.279592

=
=
=

11.315079

vb
c6
Cl
53
c,

Rbl
c4
x

0.431600

an

0.479829

n,

KS

Asn
nc

=
=

0.018000

&ZO

0.037442

ha0
x0

KF
en

h,
x0

=
=

Pa0

pn
Ll.F

Pa0
6 a0

0.180000

pn

0.320716

0.000000

h.F
%F

1.166610
13.257776

27.771279

hF
Y

4.522424

13.885640

12.584663

Rl
P!
0
ch

1.363320

SF
H
L
M

2.333220

2.847250

8.751830
4.056199
4.667643
7.018480
8.092814

%
c;!
z

5.130533
4.036615
1.362671

4.698500

J factor Dinion

0.362671

=
=
=

10.317491

c,4

1.308459

rn2

rnb2
rna2

=
=

0.752574

cn6

0.301137

C,l

=
=

0.375282

ma

15.198726

n,
Px
mF

=
=
=

n,
L,h
mN

=
=
=

9 nr

1.128700

n
rn
rd

G3. G4.65

Y,

36.000000

0.308459
17.938456

tan(pnW=
xg

KS

-0.889484

KF
072

-1.069484
0.159112

aao

J factor qear
n
rn

=
=

0.000000

nb
cn4

=
=

0.479829

n2

0.200831

nb2
na2
cn6
cnl

=
=
=
=

1.755966

7.694021

0.140000
0.110000
0.500000

na
=
mOnW=

0.677188

Kf

1.649675

xg
sn

=
=

0.412299

KY

0.909652

@a

q?zF
hF
Y
Y
nl
PF
co
ch
SF
H
L
M
9
%
Y
J

23

0.0180

AGMA 910-A93
Table 11A - Conventional double helical gears, example 3.1 .lO
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable
inv $y
V-

nl
v
n(i +l)

0.008232
0.294824

0.008232
0.288120

0.008232
0.287952

0.288120

0.287952

0.287952

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable
a

1
0.785398

c*
K
s

0.000112
-1.432158

0.471112
0.000220
-2.230837

P
If
CF

-1.842358
0.067420
0.717978
1.102763

-2.641037
0.093796
0.377315
1.006879

-3.186764
0.109961
0.263257
0.979597

-3.209323
0.110616
0.259446
0.978719

-3.209334
0.110616
0.259444
0.978718

P
YC
Y
IYl
ani

35.669413
2.090416
8.111022
2.549184
2.549184
0.471112

35.829899
1.929930
5.340462
0.522796
0.522796
0.373218

35.912873
1.846956
5.055824
0.015958
0.015958
0.370062

35.916155
1.843674
5.050907
0.000008
0.000008
0.370060

35.916156
1.843673
5.050904
0.000000
0.000000
0.370060

0.373218
0.000287
-2.776564

0.370062
0.000289
-2.799123

0.370060
0.000289
-2.799134

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv $;
v-

nz
b
n(i +l)

0.008231
0.294812

0.008231
0.288109

0.008231
0.287940

0.288109

0.287940

0.287940

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an
ho

0.785398

0.439167

0.294720

0.284233
0.000396
-3.717446
4.127646
0.01@337
0.265396
1.06@25
266.642786
1.951328

0.264201
0.000396
-3.717857
4.128057
0.018839
0.265362
1.060620
266.642806
1.951308

1.173481
266.440538
2.153577

0.000381
-3.589001
-3.999201
0.018337
0.276383
1.062335
266.636630
1.957484

Y'
Y

8.818923
3.053383

5.189245
0.749573

4.588415
0.048117

4.560704
0.000147

4.560622
0.000000

IYI

3.053383

0.749573

0.048117

0.000147

0.000000

an1

0.439167

0.294720

0.284233

0.284201

0.284201

KF
en
Pn
LF
%F

hF

0.000116
-1.475162
-1.885362

0.000246
-2.452773
-2.862973
0.013803
0.425365
1.087974
266.566018
2.028096

24

0.009408
0.775990

AGMA 916-A93
Table 11B - Conventional double helical gears, example 3.1 .lO
Gearset

Input data

Pinion

n
%l
w
cr
F

=
=

16.5000

34.7564

ROI

=
=

42.1250
20.0000

Xl

Fl

FL2

= Not required

0.204788

62
Qn
w
cr
F
ROl
Ro2
G
Rl
R2
+
Rbl

0.287979

0.606614

205.700529

97.661972

nl

nC1

=lOOOO

Z subroutine
d
=

=
=

nc2

=10000

5.3070

paol
6 a01

0.0114

Ro2

0.0166

Asnl

0.0537

x2

PI
P2

8.465276

61.302324

&

=18032.056062

rti

37.759829

no
nbo

= 9016.028031

60

= 9016.967031

nO

no
nbo

=18032.056062

G6
nl

297.000000

= 8644.745606

mG

0.138047

= 9016.967031

To1

25.914604

= 9016.028031

0.288331

invql,,

0.008265

181.709866

sno

1.570796

25.914604

invt),,,

0.008321

24.951823

R1

180.748570

bs 12 =
=
inv$ ;

0.000010

0.008231

R2
Rbl

24.951823

0.287940

170.034781

%i
ri

=
=

267.772939

c,
x

62.383256

GO

= 9015.923873

-0.016600

Asn
nc
h a0

0.053700

an
ko

=10000.000000

KS

3.717857

1.349200

KF

4.128057

x0

0.000000

pa0
6a0

0.410200

0.014700

1.000000

0.288331

R,l

invqlns

0.008265

R,2

sno

1.570796

T1

0.346033

41.000000

inv%zpo =
=
iiN+;;. =

0.008321

0.287952

36.965413

hnsl2

0.000010

170.034781

Rol

25.914604

0.346035

R1

24.951823

3.597172

=
=
=

23.472815

+ni
m?i

9.281634

m0

= 9015.954286
0.370060

0.053700

an
&to

=
=

0.000289

KS

-2.799134

KF

3.209334

0.578313

c6
Cl
5
C4

69.767600

Asn

3.012221

0.016600

5.684462

nc

=10000.000000

8.462934

h,

1.349200

9.281634

x0

0.000000

pa0

=
=

0.410200

=
=

10.981515

7.384343

=
=

1.472560

n,
Px
F
na

=
=
=
=

Lmin

170.776393

mN

0.571870

a0

0.011400

5.297053

G3. G4.65

0.472560
5.510710
17.722212
0.722212

0.606614
0.287981

J-Factor
n
rn
rnb

Pinion
= 73.931430
= 36.965715
= 35.443457

cn4

rn2
rnb2
rna2

=
=
=
=
=
=

c,(j

C,l
ma

0.380974

m+nW=
xg

37.928497

-0.074044

;I
LF
%F

0.008232

0.110616

0.259444
0.978718
35.916156
1.843673

J factor aear

535.552065

267.776033

256.748945

hF
Y
Y

5.050904

'nb

0.000000

C n4

anl

0.370060
0.437314

pF
0
ch
SF
H
L
M
9
%

= 8644.745606

9ns

0.245

23.472815

268.594114

110

0.0537

rnL

0.43

G6 Dinion
nl
=

Asn2

0.385039

180.748570

-0.0166

GO
0 ns

0.0147

P&=
cy

7.243902

P ml

24.951823

37.2120

25.914604

0.4102

1.526931

181.709866

=
=

0.352087

1.3492

hao2
Pa02
8 a02

297

=
0.0000
x02
Cutter figure 11
sn

49.903679
24.952634

cpnr

n2

Rbl
c4
x

Wr

1.3492
0.4102

Rml

mP

Gear

haol

x01
=
0.0000
Cutter figure 11

Rb2
+r
b
pN
vb

(3
9
z

41

0.284201
0.000396

0.018839

;:
LF

0.265362

1.060620

q?l.F
hF
Y
Y

266.642806

1.951308

4.560822

o.oocmo

nl

0.284201
0.414368

11.148723

rn2

=
=

pF
co

nb2
na2

=
=

1.459288

2.121239

1.459288

c,fj

0.210000

1.957437

ch
SF
H
L
M

0.180000

0.420000

Kf
I%

1.599592

0.674999

Y
J

0.413301

0.45

11.148723

Cnl

0.210000

ml

0.180000

m$nW=

0.420000

268.737328
0.309138

1.553020

33
sn

=
=

-0-1o7244
1.507262

0.674999

@d

0.298089

25

AGMA 919-A93
Table 12A - Herringbone gears, example 3.1 .I1
Pinion: iteration for generating pressure angle
Variable

inv t#b;
0".
?ZZ
4)"

0.010523
0.319708
0.312094

0.010523
0.312094
0.311891

0.010523
0.311891
0.311891

n(i +l)

Pinion: iteration for critical point


Variable

0.785398

Irn

0.056376

no
K

-2.087997

0.515048
0.094599
-2.844041

I%
If
c.F

-2.407597
0.143301
0.642097
1.156529

-3.163641
0.186984
0.328064
1.020337

-3.456249
0.202274
0.248126
0.988867

-3.467353
0.202845
0.245352
0.987829

-3.467365
0.202845
0.245348
0.987828

P
Y":
Y
IYl

19.936168
2.350755
8.726844
2.359300
2.359300

20.203563
2.083359
6.154200
0.397862
0.397862

20.310241
1.976681
5.765165
0.012703
0.012703

20.314362
1.972560
5.752152
0.000014
0.000014

20.314366
1.972556
5.752137
0.000000
0.000000

an1

0.515048

0.450400

0.448196

0.448194

0.448194

0.450400
0.107977
-3.136649

0.448196
0.108476
-3.147753

0.448194
0.108477
-3.147765

Gear: iteration for generating pressure angle


Variable
inv $;
9"nz
cp"

n(i +l)

0.010061
0.315012
0.307579

0.010061
0.307579
0.307383

0.010061
0.307383
0.307383

Gear: iteration for critical point


Variable
an
bZ0
%

KF
:
GZF
SF

hF
Y'
Y
IYl
at21

26

I
0.785398

0.057662
-2.135593
-2.455193

0.454137
0.109425
-3.184326
-3.503926

0.328092
0.144197
-3.977492
4.297092

0.318479
0.147455
4.053652
4.373252

0.318426
0.147474
4.054079
4.373679

0.024717
0.760681
1.343689
124.597297
2.413627
9.812936
3.250645

0.034817
0.419320
1.197141
124.825383
2.185541
5.960566
0.751299

0.041602
0.286490
1.132036
125.004924
2.006000
5.188472
0.049876

0.042238
0.276241
1.126785
125.023094
1.987830
5.131782
0.000272

0.042241
0.276185
1.126756
125.023196
I.987728
5.131468
0.000000

3.250645
0.454137

0.751299
0.328092

0.049876
0.316479

0.000272
0.316426

0.000000
0.316426

AGMA 916-A93
Table 12B - Herringbone gears, example 3.1.11

mn

on

y
c,

=
=

28

bzol

1.7520

h2

164

hw2

1.7520

17.4952

n,l

32

Paul

0.3196

q-2

32

Pa02

0.3196

30.0000
12.0000
7.0000

Rol

1.8500

6 a01

0.0000

10.3500

6 a02

0.0000

Asnl

Asn2

=
=

0.0000

Ro2
x2

Xl

=
=

rnL
no

=
=

127.010924

no

24.633611

nbo
rs

=
=

23.494113

cs
inv~,,

=
=

0.458730

F2

= Not required

62
452
w

0.305349

Rol
Ro2
G
Rl
R2

32.331667

Rml

16.165834

Pl

5.529096

64.663335

P2

32.384707

17.089596

Pm1

95.609360

P#.Q=

5.857143

cy

1.000000

16.165808

ZZ

0.223

94.685444
0.349065

+
Rbl
Rb2

15.190894
88.975239

+r

0.349070

b
pN

3.408829
2.996269
0.497092

vb
c6
Cl
c3
c,

37.913803
2.920140
5.529096
6.328969
7.828857

%
c,
z

4.420028
4.908717
1.440001

mP

nr

subroutine

110.851431

0.523599

G5
=

0.440001

PX

6.283185

F
na
Lmin
mN
%

10.291489

0.291489

+ nr

0.0250

0.1371
x01
=
Cutter figure 12

cr
F

0.108263

Fl

G3.64.

input data

Pinion

Gearset

G6 Pinion

0.0000

0.1371
x02
=
Cutter figure 12

1.545796

0.404568

%L
nL
no
no

0.396560

0.45

nbo
rsno

22.286922
49.267223
24.633611
23.494113
26.203111

+ns

0.458730

invOns
sno

0.035138
1.657226
0.043495

G6 gear
=

164.000000

zc
Ibl
Rol
Ro2

0.170732

17.089596

95.609360

17.089596

T1
Rl
R2
Rbl

16.165808

94.685444

sno
=
inv4 np* =
bls 12 =
in@ $ =

16.165808

@;Zi

0.307383

88.975239

r,

126.328531

33.493775

GO

24.649469

%
kzo

0.318426

-4.054079
-4.373679

28.000000

inv4+zpo
hnsf2

ROI
Rl

=
=

17.089596

ilW+;

0.010523

16.165808

c,

Rbl
c4
x

=
=
=

15.190894

Vni
r;

0.311891
21.599415

0.000000
0.025000

Asn
nc

=
=

0.025000
32.000000

h,
x0

=
=

1.752000
0.137100

pa0
6,

=
=

6.328969
0.000000

0.319600
0.000000

J factor oinion
n
rn
rnb

=
=
=

C n4
rd

=
=

rnb2
rna2

=
=

43.108820
21.554410
20.557349

105.019605

0.615726

cn6

0.523599

C,l

0.305353

ma

22.478198
0.442276

@@nW=
xg

-0.039657

-0.005246

49.267223

n1

nl

0.0250

26.203111

0.035138
1.657226
0.043495
-0.005246
0.010061

r,o

24.665046

an
kzo

0.448194

Asn
nc

=
=

32.000000

KS

0.108477

hao

1.752000

KS

X0

0.137100

KF
en

-3.147765

0.042241

KF

-3.467365

Pa0
6 a0

0.319600

0.276185

0.000000

bn
LF

1.126756

qr7.F

125.023196

0.202845

;;

0.245348

LF
%lF

0.987828

J factor aear

0.147474

1.987728

252.494518

hF
Y

20.314366

5.131468

0.000000

hF
Y

1.972556

'n

126.247259

5.752137

rnb

120.407331

0.318426

0.428434

0.448194

=
=

nl
pF
w

cn4
rn2

nl
pF
0

0.000000

9.846530

rnb2
rna2

=
=

ch

1.424385
2.253512

ch

1.424385

0.200000

SF
H
L
M

=
=

1.975656

c,(j
C,l

0.170000

0.200000

na

SF
H
L
M

0.430000

0.496358
9.846530

0.170000
0.430000

1 A65549

KY

0.750000

0.339860

@NnW=
xg
sn
@A

127.171174

=
=
=

Kf
KY

1.599594

0.750000

1.545796

0.503089

0.323880

0.51

-0.039657

27

AGMA 908-889

calculation of each geometry factor. Decision flags


identify alternate routines for variables based on the
specific gear geometry. Each step in the chart
identifies a variable and, where applicable, the
equation number from AGMA 908-B89 needed to
calculate the variable. The numerical value tables
inclause3areformatted tofollow withtheflowchart
procedures.

4 Flow chart
A flow chart has been developed to assist in the
calculation of geometry factors, I and J. This chart
organizes an efficient method for programming the
procedures presented in AGMA 908B89.
Its
format separates input data, basic geometry calculations common to both factors, subroutines for
intermediate factors, and subroutines for the final

\
\

Q.
Gl

\ 1

np n2y n,-y n,2) rnn, $nt yfy Cry F9 Rap Ro2, FL


Xl 7 x 017 haoly pa01 7 6aol 3 Asnl~

Normalize
to mn= 1.0

x2 xo2 hao2 pao2 a02 ASn2

For hobs, let n,, = q2 = 10 000, xoI =x0, = 0.0


If s, = 62 , x,1 =x0, = 0.0
For metric units enter mnr C, , F, R,,,, and R, in millimeters.
For inch units enter m, = l/P,
inches.

and C, , F, Rol, R, in

Figure I-

28

For protuberance hobs, reduce protuberance:


6, = a0 -us cos gin
Where

For an internal gear R, = Di/2.


Fl = Gear type code:
1 = External gear;
2 = Internal gear.

F2= Spur gear load sharing code:


1 = Load at HPSTC;
2 = Load at tip (inaccurate).

6,

is the protuberance on the cutter;

u*

is the stock allowance per side of tooth for


finishing.

Flow chart for I and J subroutines for AGMA 988-889

AGMA 91 &A93

Q
G2

t
= ~,7~/180

jJ = W
Cr =
F

n/l80

Cr/mn
F/m,

&II = Rollm,
Ro2 = Ro21mn

Rl

(3.2)

R2

(3-3)

(3.4)

Rbl
Rb2

(3.6)

0,

(3.7)

Pb

(3.6)

PN

(3-9)

(3.11)

Cl

(3.12)

c3

(3.13)

c4

(3.14)

(3.15)

c2

(3.16)

(3.17)

mP

(3.18)

Basic
geometry

Figure 1 (continued)

29

AGMA 908-B89

mF

= 0.0

2N = 1.0 (3.25)
Lti=F
(3.21)
II

(3.27)

(4nr

(3.28)

call I factor

Figure 1 (continued)

3
nl

G6

ROI =

Initialize
for
pinion

nl

ROI

RI

RI

Rbl

Rbl

c4

bn

nc

To1 =

ROI

ROI

Ro2

c4

Ro2 =

%I

Xl

T1

RI

~~

R2

%l

R2

T1

h a0 =

ha01

Rbl

Rb2

x0

x01

c4 = c6 - c2

pa0 =

pa01

6a0

6a01

bzl

call J factor

bl

= &2

nc
h a0

=
=

nc2
h a02

x0

x02

pa0

Pa02

6 a0

6 a02

Initialize
for
gear

x2

Call J factor

vt
Message:
Jfactor subroutine not
applicable to
internal gears

c5
END

Figure 1

(continued)
31

AGMA 908-889

I Factor subroutine

Figure 1 (continued)

32

AGMA 919-A93

J Factor subroutine

0
Jl

(SPUR)

=
or

(5.2)

rn

(5.3)

mrtb

(5.4)

+ s WCR)

t
na

(5.5)

tan 0 nW

(5.10)

I
I

Figure 1

(continued)

%a2

(5.14) 1

I Gz6

(5.15)
I

1 Cd

(5-W

1 cn4

(5.17) 1

Im+nW

(5.19) 1

AGMA 908-B89

.
xg

(5.19)

sn

(5.21)

iVOn

(5.24)

%lL

(5.27)

r&c

(5.28)

no

(5.29)

%o

(5.30)

5lbO

(5.31)

r-sno

(5.39)

%ls

(5.40)

inV$nS

(5.41)

sno

(5.42)

inv +npo

(5.46)

hld2

(5.47)

iIlV(&

(5.48)

q) II.

(5.49

nl

Virtual shaper
cutter geometry

-_

i - 0.
e111
n( z+l)

q).
n( z+l)

Figure 1 (continued)

34

(5.50)

iteration for
generating
pressure angle

AGMA 91%A93

9
57

ho

v
(5.53)

%I

KF

(5.54)

(5.55)

%v

Pn

(5.58)

(5.59)

5,

q#

(5.60)

Iteration for
critical point

(5.61)
(5.62)

(5.63)

Y,Y

(5.64)

w3

anl
I

c>

J9

Figure 1 (continued)

35

AGMA 908-B89

J9

(5-1)

r4

Return

Figure 1 (concluded)

36

AGMA 919-A93

5 Cutting

5.2 Pinion type cutting tools

tool geometry

Figures 2 through 12 depict the geometry of the cutting tools used for the examples in this information
sheet. These figures have dimensions taken from
the cutting tools actually used to make the gears
given in these examples. The procedure used to arrive at the dimensions given is beyond the scope of
this information sheet.

The pinion type shaper cutter drawings (figures 5,


7,9,10, and 12) depict pinion type cutting tools. The
shaper cutter tooth is depicted in the normal plane
with the shaper cutter addendum and chordal tooth
thickness given at the pitch diameter of the tool. The
dimensions apply when the tool is new and will
change as it is sharpened back. All of these pinion
type shaper cutters are involute in the transverse
plane.

5.1 Rack type cutting tools

5.3 Cutting tool drawings

The hob drawings (figures 2,3,4,6,8,


and 11) depict racktypecutting tools. The hob tooth isdepicted
in the normal plane with the hob addendum given to
a circular tooth thickness of 7r/(2 Pnd). All of these
hobs are straight sided in the normal plane.

Figures 2 through 12 are simplified cutting tool


drawings used in the examples, with dimensions in
inches. These values have been normalized to 1 .O
module for the input data in clause 3 (see figure 1).
The stock allowance per side of tooth, u, , for finishing, is given where applicable.

0.3142

Normal
plane
5.00 normal diametral pitch
20 normal pressure angle
0.472 whole depth (2.36/P&)

Protuberance
normal plane

U*l = k-2 =0.0080


class C pre-grind

hob

Figure 2 - Hob for example 3.1.1 and 3.1.2

37

AGMA 908-889

I---

0.5236

R 0.0882

Normal plane
6.00 normal diametral pitch
20 normal pressure angle
0.400 whole depth (2.4/f&)
USI = uJ2 = 0.0053
class C pre-grind hob

I
I
t--

20.00
REF
Protuberance
normal plane

Figure 3 - Hob for example 3.1.3 and 3.1.4

0.1309 -

I--

0.2618 Normal
plane
Protuberance
normal plane

12.00 normal diametral pitch


20 normal pressure angle 0.200 whole depth (2.4&d)
%I = o.clo1o
ground pre-shave hob
Figure 4 - Hob for example 3.1.5
38

AG MA 91 &A93

0.015

--v

pitch
diameter

I---

R.

Protuberance
12.00 normal diametral pitch
normal
plane
20.00 normal pressure angle
22.109O helix angle
42 teeth
4.0176 inch outside diameter (when new)
3.7778 inch pitch diameter
pre-shave with protuberance
u s2 = 0.0010

0.1326 (when new)


Normal
plane

Figure 5 - Helical pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.5

Normal
plane

5.00 normal diametral pitch


20.00 normal pressure angle
0.480 whole depth (2.4/pnd)
= 0.0065
US1 = ufi

Protuberance
normal plane

unground pre-grind hob


Figure 6 - Hob for examples 3.1.6 and 3.1.7

39

AGMA 908-B89

5.00 normal diametral pitch


20.00 normal pressure angle
0 helix angle
30 teeth
6.416 inch outside diameter (when new)
6.000 inch pitch diameter
finishing (no protuberance)
diameter -

0.2816 (when new)


Normal
plane

Figure 7 - Spur pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.7

FL

9.00 normal diametral pitch


25.00 normal pressure angle
0.233 whole depth (2.1 O/P&)
class A finish hob

Normal
plane

Figure 8 - Hob for example 3.1.8

40

AGMA 913-A93

---

outside
diameter

pitch
diameter
/
9.00 normal diametral pitch
25.00 normal pressure angle
17.7276 helix angle
36 teeth
4.295 inch outside diameter (when new)
4.1994 inch pitch diameter
finishing (no protuberance)

0.1021 __4
(when new)
NOlTd

plane

Figure 9 - Helical pinion type shaper cutter for examples 3.1.8 and 3.1.9

0.1405
(when new)

mm--

--a.

-l

t
I

9.00 normal diametral Ditch


25~00~normal pressure angle
ptch /
17.7276 helix angle
diameter
36 teeth
4.4766 inch outside diameter (when new)
4.1994 inch pitch diameter
finishing (no protuberance)

0.1860 -

Normal
plane
Figure 10 - Helical pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.9

41

AGMA 908-B89

I
4.00 transverse diametral pitch
(corrected for 35 helix angle)
4.883098 normal diametral pitch
16.50 normal pressure angle
0.491 whole depth (2.4/pd)
class A pm-shave hob
41 = 0.0010
k-2 = 0.0003

Normal
plane

Protuberance
normal plane

Figure 11 - Hob for example 3.1 .lO

9.2376 normal diametral pitch


(8.00 transverse diametral pitch)
17.49524O normal pressure angle
(20.00 transverse pressure angle)
30 helix angle
32 teeth
4.409 inch outside diameter (when new)
4.000 inch pitch diameter
finishing (no protuberance)
pitch
diameter

0.1;94 (when new)


Normal
plane

Figure 12 - Helical pinion type shaper cutter for example 3.1.11

42

PUBLISHED BY
AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
1500 KING STREET, ALEXANDRIA, WRGINIA 22314