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Element 1

Element 2

Element 3

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Appearance: Reddish brown


liquid. Vaporizes readily to
form a red vapor with an
irritating odor.

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Density: 0.000825 g/mL


Radius: 62 pm
Behavior with water:
Unreactive

Element 4
Appearance: Soft, silvery
solid. Tarnishes in air.
Radius: 160. pm
Electronegativity: 0.9

Radius: 117 pm
Electronegativity: 3.0
Behavior with water: Reacts
slightly to form an acidic
solution.
Element 5
Appearance: Shiny violetblack solid. Sublimes to form
a violet vapor with an
irritating odor.

Radius: 101 pm
Ionization energy: 1521
kJ/mol
Behavior with water:
Unreactive
Element 6
Appearance: Soft, silverywhite solid. Tarnishes in air.

Electronegativity: 2.7

Radius: 200. pm
Ionization Energy: 419
kJ/mol

Behavior with water: Reacts


vigorously to produce
hydrogen gas and form a basic
solution.
Element 7

Behavior with water: Reacts


very slightly to form an acidic
solution.
Element 8

Behavior with water: Reacts


violently to produce hydrogen
gas and a basic solution.
Element 9

Appearance: Pale yellow gas


with an irritating odor.

Appearance: Soft, silverywhite solid. Tarnishes in air.

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Ionization Energy: 1681


kJ/mol

Ionization E: 520. kJ/mol


Electronegativity: 1.0

Ionization energy: 1351


kJ/mol

Behavior with water: Reacts


violently to release oxygen
and form an acidic solution.

Behavior with water: Reacts


moderately to produce
hydrogen gas and form a basic
solution.
Element 11

Behavior with water:


Unreactive

Appearance: Soft, silverywhite solid. Tarnishes in air.

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Radius: 215 pm
Electronegativity: 0.8

Radius: 136 pm
Ionization energy: 1170
kJ/mol

Element 10
Appearance: Greenishyellow gas with an irritating
odor.
Electronegativity: 3.2
Ionization E: 1251 kJ/mol
Behavior with water: Reacts
moderately to form an acidic
solution.

Behavior with water: Reacts


very violently to produce
hydrogen gas and form a basic
solution.

Element 12

Behavior with water:


Unreactive

Element 1 Ne

Element 2 Br

Element 3 Ar

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Radius: 62 pm

Appearance: Reddish brown


liquid. Vaporizes readily to
form a red vapor with an
irritating odor.

Behavior with water:


Unreactive

Radius: 117 pm
Electronegativity: 3.0

Element 4 Na

Behavior with water: Reacts


slightly to form an acidic
solution.
Element 5 I

Appearance: Soft, silvery


solid. Tarnishes in air.
Radius: 160. pm
Behavior with water: Reacts
vigorously to produce
hydrogen gas and form a basic
solution.

Appearance: Shiny violetblack solid. Sublimes to form


a violet vapor with an
irritating odor.

Radius: 101 pm
Ionization energy: 1521
kJ/mol
Behavior with water:
Unreactive
Element 6 K
Appearance: Soft, silverywhite solid. Tarnishes in air.
Ionization Energy: 419
kJ/mol

Electronegativity: 2.7
Behavior with water: Reacts
violently to produce hydrogen
gas and a basic solution.

Element 7 F

Behavior with water: Reacts


very slightly to form an acidic
solution.
Element 8 Li

Appearance: Pale yellow gas


with an irritating odor.

Appearance: Soft, silverywhite solid. Tarnishes in air.

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Ioniozation Energy: 1681


kJ/mol

Electronegativity: 1.0

Ionization energy: 1351


kJ/mol

Behavior with water: Reacts


violently to release oxygen
and form an acidic solution.
Element 10 Cl
Appearance: Greenishyellow gas with an irritating
odor.
Radius: 100. pm
Behavior with water: Reacts
moderately to form an acidic
solution.

Behavior with water: Reacts


moderately to produce
hydrogen gas and form a basic
solution.
Element 11 Rb

Element 9 Kr

Behavior with water:


Unreactive
Element 12 Xe

Appearance: Soft, silverywhite solid. Tarnishes in air.

Appearance: Colorless,
odorless gas

Radius: 215 kJ/mol


Electronegativity: 0.8

Radius: 136 pm
Ionization energy: 1170
kJ/mol

Behavior with water: Reacts


very violently to produce
hydrogen gas and form a basic
solution.

Behavior with water:


Unreactive

Name: ___________________________

Date: ______________

Period: ________

Mini-Mendeleev Activity
Instructions: In 1869, Dmitri Mendeleev constructed his Periodic Table of the Elements by
arranging elements based on their known properties. You, like Mendeleev, have been given a set of
elements to arrange. With no outside resources, you must arrange the cards into groups based on
these similarities. Then, order the members of each group in a logical way, and arrange the groups
relative to each other. Finally, sketch the resulting arrangement in the space below:

Summary questions:
1. How did you determine which elements were in the same group?

2. How did you determine the order of the elements within each group?

3. How did you determine the relative orders of the groups?

4. A new element has just been discovered! This element is radioactive and decays very quickly,
so not much is known about the element, but it was discovered to have an electronegativity of
2.2 and an atomic radius of 148 pm. Where would you place the new element on your miniperiodic table above? Why?