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PETE 411

Well Drilling

Lesson 33
Directional Drilling

33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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Directional Drilling
I

II

When is it used?

KOP

Type I Wells

EOC

Type II Wells
Type III Wells

Build
and Hold

Build-Hold
and Drop

III

Continuous
Build

Directional Well Planning & Design


Survey Calculation Methods
33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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Read

ADE Ch.8

HW #15
HW #16

33. Directional Drilling

(Reference)

due 11-12-01
due 11-16-01

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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Inclination Angle
, I

Direction Angle
, A

33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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Max.
Horiz.
Depart.
?

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Type I

Type II

Type III

Build-Hold
and Drop

Continuous
Build

KOP
EOC

Build
and Hold
33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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In the BUILD
Section
x = r (1 - cos I)

y = r sin I

I
y

r
I

L = r rad

L =
r Ideg
180

18,000
r
* BUR

x
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PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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33. Directional Drilling

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Fig. 8.11

r1 x 3 and r1 r2 x 4

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PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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r1 x 3 and r1 r2 x 4

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PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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N18E

S23E

Azimuth
Angle

N55W

S20W
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PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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Example 1: Design of Directional Well


Design a directional well with the following
restrictions:
Total horizontal departure

= 4,500 ft

True vertical depth (TVD)

= 12,500 ft

Depth to kickoff point (KOP) = 2,500 ft


Rate of build of hole angle

= 1.5 deg/100 ft

Type I well (build and hold)

33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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Example 1: Design of Directional Well


(i) Determine the maximum hole angle
required.
(ii) What is the total measured depth (MD)?
(MD = well depth measured
along the wellbore,
not the vertical depth)
33. Directional Drilling

PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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(i) Maximum
Inclination
Angle
18,000
r1
15
.

r2 0

D 4 D1
12,500 2,500
10,000 ft
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PETE 411 - Well Drilling

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(i) Maximum Inclination Angle

max

D D x 2 ( D D ) 2 2( r r ) x
1
4
4
1
1
2
4
2 tan 1 4
2(r1 r2 ) x 4

2
2

-1 10,000 4,500 10,000 2(3,820) 4,500


2 tan

2(3,820) 4,500

max 26.3
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(ii) Measured Depth of Well


x Build r1 (1 cos )
3,820(1 - cos 26.3 )

395 ft
x Hold 4,500 395
4,105 ft
L Hold sin 4,105
L Hold 9,265 ft
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(ii) Measured Depth of Well

MD D1 r1 rad L Hold
26.3
2,500 3,820
9,265
180

MD 13,518 ft
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* The actual well path hardly ever coincides with


the planned trajectory
* Important: Hit target within specified radius
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What is known?
I1 , I2 , A1 , A2 ,
L=MD1-2

Calculate

= dogleg angle
DLS =L

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(20)
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