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You are on page 1of 20

FUNCTIONS!!!

Function

greater than x

Floor function: take the input values down

to the nearest integer

For example, [[2.4 ]], means the greatest

2.

Your answer will always be an integer.

continued

Here are some other examples:

[[3]] = 3

[[-2.2]] = -3

[[5.8]] = 5

of values:

x

-.5

-1

-.1

-1

0.4

0.8

1.2

1.8

2.3

3.2

3.7

staircase, we also call it a step

function.

would be all real

numbers, because we

can substitute any

number in for x and get

a result.

The range of y = [x]

would be the set of

integers, because even

though we can

substitute decimals or

fractions, our answer will

always be an integer.

1]

x

-2

0.4

-2

0.8

-2

1.2

1.8

2.3

3.2

y = 2[x 1] continued

Notice the steps are

there are 2 spaces

between each one.

Also, the step at x = 0

has shifted to the right

1 unit.

The domain of y = 2[x

1] is all real numbers.

The range of y = 2[x

1] is all even integers,

because we will only

get even integers as

outputs.

+2

x

0.4

0.8

2.5

1.2

2.5

1.8

2.5

2.3

3.5

3.2

3.5

y = 0.5[x] + 2 continued

Notice the steps are

time: there is a half of a

space between each

one.

Also, the step at x = 0

has shifted up 2 units.

The domain of y = 0.5[x]

+ 2 is all real numbers.

The range of y = 0.5[x]

+ 2 is the set of

numbers {, -1.5, -1,

-0.5, 0, 0.5, }, because

these are the numbers

we will get as outputs.

Transformations of y = [x]

General form: y = a[x h] + k

There will be a units between

steps.

The graph will shift h units right

for [x h] and h units left for [x

+ h].

The graph will shift up k units

for +k and down k units for k.

Calculator

Go to y =.

Input your function.

greatest integer

function by going to

MATH, moving over to

NUM, and choosing

#5 int(.

For example, y = [[x]]

+ 2 would be put in

as

y = int(x) + 2.

Then, graph.

Calculator continued

Notice that it looks

connected, which we

know is not the case.

This is because of

your calculators

mode.

Press MODE, and

change CONNECTED

to DOT.

Then, graph again.

There are our steps!

You Try

Graph f(x) =[[x-3]] + 2

PIECEWISE FUNCTIONS.

Piecewise functions are defined on various

different pieces of functions depending on our

x-values.

For example:

This means that we will graph f(x) = -x for all

2x + 3 for all x-values greater than or equal to

0. Lets take a look at this graph.

Piecewise Functions

Graphing different functions over different

parts of the graph.

One part tells you what to graph, then where

to graph it.

What to graph

Where to graph

3x 2 x 2

f ( x)

x 3 x 2

be less than 0.

2x+3, where x

must be greater

than or equal to 0.\

function:

Other Examples

and x

0. The range would

be y -5.

numbers. The range would

be y > 4/5.

World

A t-shirt company sells t-shirts for $12

willing to buy between 11 and 50, they will

cut you a deal and sell them to you for $10

apiece. If you are willing to buy more than

50, they will sell them to you for $8 apiece.

1. Graph f ( x) x 3 2

(the greatest integer function has been modified...)

x 5, if x 2

2. f ( x) 2 x 1, if 2 x 2

2 x 9, if x 2

2 x 1, if x 3

x 8, if x 3

3. Graph: f ( x)

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