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Annotated Bibliography - Adam Mulnix

Primary
Sumner, Christina, and Heleanor Feltham. Beyond the Silk Road: Arts of Central Asia from the
Power House Museum Collection. Haymarket: Powerhouse, 1999. Print.
This primary/secondary source book gives visuals of what some products in the Silk
Road would look like and who would be the ones to own them. It also explains the little
jobs of different types of people throughout the Silk Road. I will use this book in my
project to give examples of the items traded on the road and what types of people would
own these exotic items.
"Silk Road, ca. 100 CE." Map. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2016.
Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This map is a primary source map that shows major trade routes between
the Mediterranean Sea and China. In my project, I can use this map to give the viewer to
my website a visual of what the Silk Road looked like, along with the major trade routes
that many people took which spread culture throughout the era.
Trading Route. N.d. gbtimes.com. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. <http://gbtimes.com/business/moderntrading-along-old-silk-road>.
This is a picture of the Silk Road mapped out. I will use this secondary source on my
website to describe the major cities so the viewers have a visual of where everything was
laid out on the Silk Road.
"Spices." Thestepso of Polo. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2016. <http://thestepsofpolo.org/about/
about-the-explorer-in-residence-program/>.

The spices contained in this photo will show the large variety that were traded. I will use
this in my project to give a visual on how trade was made in cities.
Silk Road Caravan. N.d. Ancient Orgins. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ancient-origins.net/
news-general/100-merchants-retrace-silk-road-trade-route-camelback-epic-year-longjourney-003032>.
This is a picture of a Silk Road caravan from 1380 AD. This was drawn by a traveler on
the Silk Road, showing what a caravan would look like with many more camels than
there were people to show that you would need a large caravan to stay alive on the Silk
Road.
Spices. N.d. Paper Blog. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. <http://en.paperblog.com/travelling-the-famoussilk-road-in-the-21st-century-will-you-take-the-journey-1283307/>.
This picture of spices from the Silk Road will be able to give the viewers a visual of
what different variety of spices and the wide variety was traded on the Silk Road and
how spices was a main item that was being traded for profit on the Silk Road.

Secondary
Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Wudi." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,
2016. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This secondary source article talks all about the Han Dynasty leader Wudi, how he
encouraged culture spreading in China, and was a supporter of the Silk Road. I will use
this source to talk about how many people liked the idea of the Silk Road because they
knew it would spread culture, and many had the hopes of being wealthy.

"Caravan." Hotel Executive. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2016. <http://hotelexecutive.com/


business_review/3719/a-history-of-the-concierge-profession>.
This drawn illustration will give the good idea to the viewers what the Silk Road looks
like and what can be expected to find on it. It shows a caravan resting on the Silk Road.
"Caravan of Marco Polo." Heritage Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2016. <http://
www.heritageinstitute.com/zoroastrianism/hormozgan/tradeTravellers.htm>.
This secondary source picture of Marco Polo and his caravan traveling to India will help
my project have a good visual of the exploration made on the Silk Road.
Coins. N.d. Ancient Resource. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ancientresource.com/lots/
medieval.html>.
This picture of coins that were used on the Silk Road is a secondary source. This will go
with me saying, "Coins were rarely used on the Silk Road, and most prefered exchange
of goods".
Gottesman, Brian. "Uighurs." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2016.
Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This secondary source explains all on the people called the Uighers. These people we
the dominant people throughout the 740's during the Tork Empire. I can use this
information to show how if you had allies on the Silk Road, you would be much stronger
than the ones with very little.
"The Han Dynasty (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2016.
Web. 20 Jan. 2016.

This is a secondary source talking about the Han Dynasty, how they governed and what
their leaders were like. In my research, I will use this to help elaborate that the Han
Dynasty was the main reason why the Silk Road became the Silk Road.
Herat. N.d. Sites.cnds. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. <http://sites.cdnis.edu.hk/students/100055/category/
grade-5/photo-a-day/>.
This is a photo of the city of Herat, Afghanistan. This city was attacked twice in 1221
A.D. and in 1383 A.D by the Mongols. I will use this picture to describe what Herat
looked like as a major trading city, and how the architecture of luxury looked backed
during the Silk Road Era.
Hutchinson, Jennifer. "Samarkand." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,
2016. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This is a secondary source about the city of Samarkand, the capital of Mongol leader
Timur's empire, and a major city across the Silk Road. This city was known for its
advanced technology such as its irrigation system. I can explain in my paper how this city
was much more advanced and richer than others, making this the model city for others.
Johnston, Ruth A. "Medieval Parchment and Paper." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras.
ABC-CLIO, 2016. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This secondary source talks about paper, how it was widely used in the Silk Road, and
how the invention of paper spread rapidly because of the Silk Road. In my research, I can
use this to show how valuable the Silk Road was when it came to popularizing inventions
and making society grow faster.

Mark, Joshua J. "Silk Road." Ancient History. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2015. <http://
www.ancient.eu/Silk_Road/>.
This article off of a website (secondary source) is very helpful to give an overview of the
Silk Road and the Empires before the time of the Silk Road that helped influence the Silk
Road. I will use this in my project to talk about how Greek and Roman cultures helped
influence items that were exchanged on the Silk Road.
"Pounding Silk." Cultural China. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2016. <http://kaleidoscope.culturalchina.com/en/45Kaleidoscope4702.html>.
This image is a picture of Chinese women pounding silk that would be later traded on the
Silk Road. I will use this picture to describe the production of what was later traded on
the Silk Road.
"The Silk Road Bridges East and West." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh
Lauer. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Student Resources in Context. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.
This secondary source, which is a database, helped me better understand my topic by
giving me information on how the Silk Road was used and how there were many
advancements caused by the Silk Road being used. In my project, this source will be used
to show the amount of people who have actually gone through the Silk Road.

"Silk Road Goods." Silk Road Drugs. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2016. <http://silkroaddrugs.org/
silkroad/>.

This is a map of the Silk Road with included smaller pictures that illustrates what certain
goods came from different countries. I will use this to prove how every country had
something valuable and that is how the economy was strengthened so much.

Stanley, Bruce. "Herat." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2016. Web. 20
Jan. 2016.
This secondary source talks about Herat, which is an ancient city in Afghanistan during
the prime of the Silk Road. This source explains what the city was like to travel through,
and what people had to put up with living in this city. I can use this source to show that
trade on the Silk Road wasn't easy, and the culture of the Silk Road was rough.
Stanley, Bruce. "Trebizond." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2016.
Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This is a secondary source that illustrates the city of Trebizond, a major trade city located
on the Silk Road. This will help me in my research because this city was known for its
modern construction of buildings, giving other buildings along the Silk Road a model for
excellence".

Thubron, Colin. Shadow of the Silk Road. New York: Harper Collins, 2007. Print.
This book is a secondary source that is based off of someones adventures of the Silk
Road (which is a true story), but written in a more modern way for this generation to
understand the text of what the persons adventures say about the Silk Road. I can use

this in my project to share about the struggles you would have to face about living in the
Silk Road, and to show the odd things that occur amongst the Road.
"Trade Caravan on the Silk Road." Photos/Illustrations. North Wind Picture Archives. World
History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2016. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This secondary source shows me what a trade caravan would look like during the Silk
Road era. I can use this picture to show the viewers of my website how rough it was on
the Silk Road to the traders, and how you couldn't simply travel solo.
Wood, Frances. The Silk Road: Two Thousand Years in the Heart of Asia. Berkeley: U of
California P, 2002. Print.
This secondary source book source explains the different types of people were going
through the Silk Road and further explaining the empires that the Silk Road ran through.
In my project, this will be used to elaborate the different opinions the different countries
had on the Silk Road and how the countries would handle different dilemmas.
Xu, Guangqiu. "Chinese Gunpowder." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,
2016. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.
This secondary source illustrates about Chinese gunpower and who invented it. Chinese
gunpowder spread rapidly across Europe because of the Silk Road and had much of an
impact. I will use this article to show that without the Silk Road the gunpowder could've
stayed in China and this world could've been shaped differently.
"Silk Road." Brainy Quote. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2016.
<http://www.brainyquote.com/search_results.html?q=silk+road>.
I am using this source to find valuable quotes for my research that will help

improve my website without going over the word limit.