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WORD FORMATION - EXERCISES

EXERCISE 1 : Use the correct form of the words in brackets to fill in the blanks.
1. It's totally (understand)__________________ that you stayed home when you were sick.
2. Don't laugh at his stupid jokes! You'll only (courage)____________________ him to say them again.
3. That sidewalk is (slip)____________________, I almost fell!
4. After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner. I am receiving my (citizen)__________________!
5. Arthur will be very lonely unless you (friend)___________________ him.
6. Every afternoon, the cooks (sharp)________________ their knives in preparation for dinner.
7. I hate being around Mary Lou, she is so so (friendly)___________________.
8. The stock market crash of 1929 left my great-grandfather(penny)__________________.
9. I have a class at 8:00 a.m. but I always (sleep)____________________.
10. The groom may (veil)______________ the bride only when their vows have been exchanged.
11. I think we should try something else. That strategy seems way too (risk)_________________.
12. My father's death left me with a great (empty)_____________________ in my heart.
13. George W. Bush is pretending that he attacked Iraq to (liberty) __________________the Iraqi.
14. Americans fought hard to earn their (free)_________________ from Britain.
15. When you work at a nuclear power plant, you have to be extremely (care)_________________.
16. Every time I think I've beaten you, you (do)__________________ me!
17. I had to take three months off when I was pregnant, but my boss has been very (understand)_______________.
18. He will (cork)________________ the wine as soon as we are ready for dinner.
19. You need to work on your orthography so you don't (spell)___________________ these words.
20. The weather (cast)________________ looks bad for a picnic--rainy and windy!

21. Safety tests on old cars have been ____________________ throughout Europe. (STANDARD)
22. We eventually began the ____________________ task of sorting through his papers. (LABOUR)
23. Children normally feel a lot of ____________________ about their first day at school. (ANXIOUS)
24. Thats a very ____________________ flower arrangement you have there. (ART)
25. The engineering sector achieved significant ____________________ last year. (GROW)
26. He was ____________________ from a wound in his shoulder. (BLOOD)
27. Her first novel, ____________________ More Innocent Times, was published in 1977. (TITLE)
28. There is a(n) ____________________ simple explanation of what happened. (SUPPOSE)
29. Her face showed a(n) ____________________ of fear and excitement. (MIX)
30. The reports are treated as strictly____________________. (CONFIDENCE)
31. Watch how she does it and then do ____________________. (LIKE)
32. The painting consists of four ____________________ blocks of colour. (RECTANGLE)
33. The magazine offers tips on cutting your house ____________________ costs. (MAINTAIN)
34. The government has a policy of letting the ____________________ ill be cared for in the community. (MIND)
35. That staircase of theirs is the most beautiful piece of ____________________. (CARPENTER)
36. In the exam we had to write one ____________________ essay. (DESCRIBE)
37. Im not ____________________ to being treated like this. (CUSTOM)
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38. Hundreds of mature trees were ____________________ in the storm. (ROOT)


39. How do we know humans ____________________ from apes? (EVOLUTION)
40. He had grown up in a(n) ____________________ because his mother could not take care of him. (ORPHAN)
EXERCISE 2 : Use the word in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line

Evening classes
Recently I decided to go to evening classes twice a week. During the day I work in a
____________________ agency as a telephonist. It is not a very interesting

SECRETARY

____________________ and I get bored. I also got tired of coming home every evening, putting

OCCUPY

a ___________________ meal in the oven, and then watching TV. So I decided to take up

FREEZE

____________________ as a hobby. Perhaps I should give you an


____________________ for my choice. Learning a skill is a good
___________________ to the problem of boring work. Also, I felt I was a

CARPENTER
EXPLAIN
SOLVE

____________________ because any time I tried to put up a shelf, for example, it always fell

FAIL

down! Now I am quite a ____________________ woodworker! I am working on the

SUCCESS

____________________ of some furniture at the moment. And although there are only two other

CONSTRUCT

girls in the class, I don't feel any ____________________. I've turned out to be the best student

EMBARRASS

in the class!

How does the video work?


When I was young, I always dreamed of becoming a famous ___________________. When

SCIENCE

I was at school I decided to study ____________________, and then become a millionaire by

ENGINE

inventing a wonderful new ____________________ which would make the world a better place.

PRODUCE

Unfortunately, I wasn't very good at technical subjects. Any time I operate any kind of
____________________, something terrible happens. Machines which use
____________________, such as computers or television, always seem to give me a
____________________ shock.

EQUIP
ELECTRIC
POWER

The instruction booklets are always __________________. They never help me at all. Nowadays

USE

you need to have __________________ knowledge just to turn on the video. To my great

SPECIAL

____________________ it is always a child of six who helps me out of my


___________________ .

EMBARRASS
DIFFICULT

Film review
'Battle for your heart' is the new film starring Hugh Grace. I'm afraid that my first
____________________ was not very favourable. The scenes of violence are

IMPRESS

___________________ and the main character, Tony, is simply

OFFEND

____________________. The audience is supposed to feel great

IRRITATE

____________________ for Tony, an army officer, who is accused of


____________________ because he fails to attack the village where the

ADMIRE
COWARD

____________________ Miranda lives with her old father. Tony saves their lives, and although

ADORE

the idea of marrying him has little ____________________ for her, Miranda agrees to it out of

ATTRACT

____________________. However, she is still in love with Alex, one of the enemy army, and

GRATEFUL

wants to remain __________________ to him. The dialogue and the acting are just as bad as the

FAITH

plot. At the end, I breathed a sigh of _____________________.This is definitely one to miss!

RELIEVE

Key 1
2

1. It's totally understandable (understand) that you stayed home when you were sick.
2. Don't laugh at his stupid jokes! You'll only encourage (courage) him to say them again.
3. That sidewalk is slippery (slip), I almost fell!
4. After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner--I am receiving my citizenship (citizen)!
Citizen(n): cong dan, nguoi dan thanh thi citizenship (n) quyen cong dan
5. Arthur will be very lonely unless you befriend lam` ban ,doi xu tot(friend) him.
6. Every afternoon, the cooks sharpen (sharp)- mai`, vot their knives in preparation for dinner.
7. I hate being around Mary Lou, she is so unfriendly (friendly).
8. The stock market crash of 1929 left my great-grandfather penniless (penny).
A pretty penny : 1 so tien kha kha
penniless(adj) khong 1 xu dinh tui, ngheo xo xac
9. I have a class at 8:00 a.m. but I always oversleep (v)ngu qua gio (sleep).
10. The groom may unveil (v- thao mang che mat) the bride only when their vows have been exchanged.
11. I think we should try something else. That strategy seems way too risky (risk).
12. My father's death left me with a great emptiness (empty) in my heart.
13. George W. Bush is pretending that he attacked Iraq to liberate (v) the Iraqi.
14. Americans fought hard to earn their freedom (free) from Britain.
15. When you work at a nuclear power plant, you have to be extremely careful (care).
16. Every time I think I've beaten you, you outdo gioi hon, vuot troi, no luc (do) me!
17. I had to take three months off when I was pregnant, but my boss has been very understanding
(understand). Understanding (adj) hieu biet/ (n) su cam thong, hieu biet, su hieu nhau
18. He will uncork (cork) the wine as soon as we are ready for dinner.
19. You need to work on your orthography so you don't misspell (spell) these words.
20. The weather forecast (cast) looks bad for a picnic--rainy and windy!
To cast: tinh toan/ forecast(v,n): doan trc, du doan_ forecasted
KEY 1 : 21-40
I.
10. confidential (adj) b mt/ thn tn, tm phc
1. Standardised (tieu chuan hoa)
11. likewise (adv) cng th, ging nh vy
2. laborious(adj) can cu chiu kho/ kho nhoc, gian 12. rectangular (adj) hnh ch nht, vung gc
kho
13. maintenance : duy tri
3. anxiety(n) su lo au, ban khoan/ uoc ao, khat
14. mentally(adv) trong lng, trong tr c, nhm
khao
15. carpentry (n) ngh th mc
4. artistic (adj)
16. descriptive (adj) miu t
5. growth
17. accustomed (adj) quen vi, thnh thi quen
6. bleeding (n) su chay mau
18. uprooted
7. entitled(adj) co quyen, co du tu cach(theo luat
Uproot(v) nh bt r/ tr tit
dinh
19. evolved
8. supposedly : cho la`, lam` nhu la`, gia su la`
20. orphanage(n) tri m ci
9. mixture (n)
KEY 2
1. secretarial; occupation; frozen; carpentry; explanation; solution; failure; successful; construction;
embarrassment;
2. scientist; engineering; product; equipment; electricity; powerful; useless; specialised(lm thnh c
trng, / chuyn ha); embarrassment; difficulties;
3. impression(n) n tng; offensive(n)s tn cng, cuc tn cng (adj)tn cng, cng kch/ xc phm
s nhc/ kh chu; irritating(adj)lm pht cu; admiration; cowardice(n ) /'kaudis/)nht nht, nht gan;
adorable (adj) /'d:rbl/ ng knh , ng mn, ng yu attraction; gratitude(n) lng bit n;
faithful(adj) ng tin cy, trung thc,trung thnh; relief(n) s gim nh

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