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Aundrea Boyland

Mr. Blanchard
APUSH
19 February 2016

Annotated Bibliography NHD Civil Rights for African Americans


Secondary Sources (Articles)
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.
The following website provided information about Rosa Parks, Angela Davis , and Coretta

King. These women played a role within civil rights movement. During this time many of
the leaders were men and throughout this very few women had an impactful role which
changed the perspective of the movement. Because they were women, they not only fought
against their rights due to color but also had to fight due to their gender .
Carson, Clayborne. "American Civil Rights Movement." Editorial. Encyclopedia Britannica
Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2015.
In this article, Carson explains the history behind Civil Rights as well as how African
Americans overcame segregation during the late 19th to early-mid 20th century. Carson,
in detail, describe events like Jim Crow abolition , Bus Boycott, and other event which
was considered to be the effects and causes to gain civil freedom in America.
"John F. Kennedy - Civil Rights Movement." John F. Kennedy - Civil Rights Movement.
N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.
The following information highlights JFKs contributions toward civil rights. He urges
the importance of African American freedom. He addresses the nation that segregation is
not only a political issue but a moral one that America must change. And during his
presidency he encourages the activism for African-Americans.
"Johnson Signs Civil Rights Act." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Feb.
2016.

Aundrea Boyland
Mr. Blanchard
APUSH
19 February 2016
Like JFK, former president Lyndon B. Johnson believed that we as Americans should
stop segregation and allow blacks the equal rights and opportunities. To express his
views, Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which allowed African Americans to
the same political and moral opportunities like white Americans .
"Malcolm X." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.
The following article discusses the success and agenda of Malcolm X. Malcolm X was a
Muslim black civil rights activist. His plans were to fight injustice physically instead of
civilly. He challenged the mainstream thought of civil rights and believed that African
-Americans should fight white aggression as hard as possible.
"Montgomery Bus Boycott." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.
During the Civil Rights movement in 1955, Dr. Martin Luther organized the Montgomery
Bus Boycott which began the emergence of many more boycotts to come. These boycotts
reflected Kings goal- to stand for your rights civilly. These contributions were very
successful because they ended segregation of all busses.
The Sit-In Movement." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.
The following article describes the event that was a turning point to the civil rights
movement. The Sit-Ins movement began Feb.1 1960 in Greensboro, NC. This movement
was a call to action that urge the end of segregation . These groups of college students sat
on the white lunch counter and asked for coffee. When they were refused service they just
sat their patiently. Many whites were outraged some poured drinks , threw food , and spat
on these students who were civilly disobedient.
"March on Washington." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Feb.
2016.

Aundrea Boyland
Mr. Blanchard
APUSH
19 February 2016
March on Washington The March on Washington in 1963 was a turning point during this
time. This march urged the demand for economic equality. The march consisted of
200,000 whites and blacks who stood against these injustices. This march demonstrated
democratic progress and the ability to have blacks and whites to fight against economic
inequality which caused it to be on of the turning points of this time.
Primary Sources

King, Martin Luther, Jr. Stride Toward Freedom. Rep. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
Dr. Martin Luther King was one of the most revolutionary civil rights activist of his time.
In his writing, he discuses Rosa Parks bravery. Dr. King also commends her bravery and
basically says that we as a people must also think about standing up for what one believes
in. Rosas bus boycott changed the history and it began for African Americans to fight
injustice in a civil manner as well as she did.
Rep. N.p.: n.p., n.d. School Desegregation. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.
During the civil rights movement, young African American girls and boys werent
allowed the same opportunities as the young white kids. These were often given lesser
learning materials and didnt get the same education. At this time President Truman
wanted desegregation in the schools and wanted equal opportunities for both races.
Truman also prohibited laws that fought against discrimination for equal opportunities for
African Americans as well.
"John F. Kennedy - Civil Rights Movement." John F. Kennedy - Civil Rights Movement. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2016.

Aundrea Boyland
Mr. Blanchard
APUSH
19 February 2016
The following primary sources in this website is the document of The Civil Rights act of 1964
signed by JFK. This document was created to outlawed segregation. Such as allowing
men and women to vote , desegregation in public schools and many others laws that
restrict equality from anyone based on any race or gender.