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Philippine Literat

Spanish Colonial Period

Spanish occupied
Philippines in early
15thcentury. The First
Filipinoalphabetis
Alibata when Spanish
colonized Philippines
they changed alibatas
into Romanalphabet.

Spanish banned the use


of Alibata because they
believed that it is a
work of evil. So Spanish
fully introduced the
Spanish literary

The European
literature was brought
by the Spaniards and
are assimilated in
Filipinosongsand
indigenous themes.
The
earlyprintingpress in
thePhilippineis run
and monopolized by
the Spaniards friars.

During Spanish
colonization Filipinos
felt that they being
harassed by the
Spaniards. Then the
Birth of the
Propaganda
movement and La
Solidaridad.
Then Filipino fought
and introduced
Tagalog to be the
language of revolution

literature
LITERATURE
under
under

Spanish Colonial Period


Spanish Colonial Period

ORAL
LITERATURE
SONGS

RELIGIOUS
DRAMA

DRAMA

SONGS
Asongis
acomposition
forvoiceor voices,
performed bysinging.
A choral or vocal song
may be accompanied
bymusical
instruments, or it may
be unaccompanied, as
in the case ofa
cappellasongs. The
lyrics (words) of songs
are typically of
apoetic,
rhymingnature,

SONGS
LERON
LERON
SINTA
This song depicts
humbleness. It's the
story of a man who
tries to show what he
got to win the heart
of his beloved one.

SONGS
SARUMBANG
GI
a Kundiman which
means one night or
one evening in
Bicol. A kundiman is
a Filipino love song
traditionally sung by
a man wooing the
woman of his
dreams.

RELIGIOUS DRAMA
The
religious
drama,
as
setting forth events recorded in
the Bible or moral lessons to be
drawn from religious teaching, is
distinctively
medieval
in
character, and in origin is closely
connected with the services of
the
Church.

RELIGIOUS DRAMA
Panunuluyan
(Tagalogfor
"asking
for
lodgings")
is
a
Philippine
Christmas
dramatic
ritual
narrating
the
Holy
Family's
search for a place to stay in
Bethlehem for
Jesus Christ's birth through
song.

DRAMA
Dramais the
specificmodeoffictionrepres
entedinperformance. The
enactment of drama
intheatre, performed
byactorson a stagebefore
anaudience, presupposes
collaborativemodes of
production and
acollectiveform of reception.

DRAMA
Bakit Babae ang Naghuhugas ng Pinggan
Why Women Wash the Dishes is a
play that depicts a betting game
between couple whom either one
would not like to wash the dishes. The
play is filled with
humor and antiques.

WRITTEN
LITERATURE

SHORT
STORIES

POETRY

POETRY
Poetry is an imaginative awareness of
experience expressed through meaning,
sound, and rhythmic language choices
so as to evoke an emotional response.
Poetry has been known to employ meter
and rhyme, but this is by no means
necessary. The very nature of poetry as
an authentic and individual mode of
expression makes it nearly impossible to
define.

POETRY
FLORANTE AT
LAURA
The story is about the love and
determination of the Duke
Florante and the Princess Laura
of Albania while being pursued
by the usurper Count Adolfo.

SHOR
T
STORI
ES

a
is

y
r
o
t
s
t
r
o
h
s
A
brief work
ofliterature,
n
usually writte
rose
p

e
iv
t
a
r
r
a
n

in
. Aclassic
a
definition of
at
h
t
is
y
r
o
t
s
t
r
sho
e
one should b
it in
d
a
e
r
o
t
le
b
a
one sitting

SHOR
T
STORI
ES

T
C
I
V
N
CO
T
H
G
I
L
I
W
T
y

r
The short sto
nd
revolves arou
one thing
re
o
m
r
O
.
m
o
d
Free
k s to
e
e
s
t
i
,
ly
r
a
e
l
c
s
define what i
freedom, and
whatsense it
se
makes to tho
free;
t
o
n
e
r
a

o
h
w
e
slaved for th

RIZAL AND HIS


CONTEMPORARIES

JOSE
RIZAL

ANDRES
BONIFACIO

MARCELO
DEL PILAR

SELECTED
WORKS OF

JOSE RIZAL
He is considered one
of
thenational heroes of
the
Philippines. Studying in Europe,
he was the most prominent
advocate for reform in the
Philippines during theSpanish
colonial era. He was wrongly
implicated as the leader of the
Katipunan Revolution, and that
led to his execution on
December 30, 1896, now
celebrated asRizal Day,
anational holidayin the

SELECTED
WORKS OF

MI ULTIMO
ADIOS
Apoemwritten by
Philippinenational hero DrJos
Rizalon the eve of
hisexecutionon 30 December
1896. This poem was one of the
last notes he wrote before his
death; another that he had
written was found in his shoe
but because the text was
illegible, its contents remains a
mystery.

SELECTED
WORKS OF

MARCELO H.
DEL PILAR

He was a celebrated
figure in the Philippine
Revolution and a leading
propagandist for reforms
in the Philippines.
Popularly known as
Plaridel, he was the
editor and co-publisher
of La Solidaridad
(The Solidarity).

SELECTED
WORKS OF

MARCELO H.
DEL PILAR

DASALAN AT
TOCSOHAN
This is a satire on the
friars'
hypocrisy,
licentiousness
and
greed, which consists of
parodies of the Sign of
the Cross, the Act of
Contrition,
the
Lord's
Prayer, the Hail Mary,
and the catechism. Rizal
considers this as a model
of classical prose and an
excellent
example
of

D
E
T
C
E
SEL
F
O
S
K
WOR

AND
BON RES
IFAC
IO
He was a founder and
later Supremo of the
Katipunan movement
which sought the
independence of the
Philippines from Spanish
f
o
colonial rule and
started
r
e
ath
ne
i
F

p
p
the
i
hil
P
e
Philippine th olution,"
v
e
R
Revolution.

D
E
T
C
E
SEL
F
O
S
K
WOR

AND
BON RES
IFAC
IO

This poem which


was first published in the
Diariong Tagalog. As the title
indicates, the theme is direct
to
the Filipinos in order to arous
their spirit of
SA
G
I
B
nationalism PAG-I ANG
U
B
U
N
TI
and
A
LUP
self-dependence.

AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD

Philippine literary production


during the American Period
in the Philippines was
spurred by two significant
developments in education
and culture. One is the
introduction of free public
instruction for all children of
school age and two, the use
of English as medium of
instruction in all levels of
education in public schools.

Free public education


made knowledge and
information accessible
to a greater number of
Filipinos. Those who
availed of this
education through
college were able to
improve their social
status and joined a
good number of
educated masses who
became part of the
countrys middle class.

The use of English as


medium of instruction
introduced Filipinos to
Anglo-American modes
of thought, culture and
life ways that would be
embedded not only in
the literature produced
but also in the psyche
of the countrys
educated class. It was
this educated class that
would be the wellspring
of a vibrant Philippine

Philippine literature in
English, as a direct
result of American
colonization of the
country, could not
escape being imitative
of American models of
writing especially
during its period of
apprenticeship.

LITERATURE
under

AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD

LITERATURE
UNDER

AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD

Tagalog
Novel

Romantic
Poetry

Short
Stories

Beginning of
Phil Lit
in English

Anovelis a
longprosenarra
tive
that describes
fictional
characters and
events in the
form of a
sequential story,
usually. A
Tagalog novel is
a novel written
in, of course,

TAGALO
G
NOVEL

Banaag

at

Sikat

is one of the first


literary novels
written
byFilipinoauthorLop
e K. Santosin
theTagalog
languagein 1906.As
a book that was
considered as the
"Bibleof working
class Filipinos",the
pages of the novel
revolves around the
life of Delfin, his love
for a daughter of a

TAGALO
G
NOVEL

Romantic Poetry
of
e
m
e
h
t
t
n
a
in
m
e
o
h
d
t
e
:
y
h
T
tr
e
n
o
o
i
p
t
c
o
i
t
m
Roman of natural e nd in
i
g
m
n
i
n
r
a
e
t
m
fil
u
h
e
h
t
h
g
u
t,
o
r
a
thr
e
t
s
a
s
e
e
r
c
n
e
o
r
t
a
w
a
n
order
a
h
t
i
w
d
ted
a
e
r
couple
c
y
t
i
l
a
u
d
e
h
s.
t
s
f
e
o
c
o
r
p
a
h
c
by su

Romantic Poetry
De
n
o
z
a
or
C
e
s
o
J
Jesus, was
s
s
e
J
e
d
n

z
a
r
o
Jos C opoet
to
y
r
t
e
o
in
aFilip dTagalogp desire for
s'
se
o
u
n
i
o
p
h
i
l
i
w
F
e
h
t
s
g
s
n
i
e
r
r
u
p
d
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e
of
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n
n
e
o
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n
a
e
up
c
c
o

indep
n
ca
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r
e
m
to
1
,
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s
9
theA
e
1
pin
p
rom
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e
P

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h
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od
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wn

194
o
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ilipino
e is be

G
I
B
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P

SHORT
STORIES

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ableto
onesitting

SHORT
STORIES

re
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dated
1940s.

Beginning
of
Philippine
Literature
in
English

Philippine
literature in
English By 1901,
public education
was
institutionalized in
the Philippines,
with English
serving as the
medium of
instruction. That
year, around 600
educators in the
S.S. Thomas to

Beginning
of
Philippine
Literature
in
English

"How My Brother
Leon Brought
Home a Wife"
A story about an
occasion that
would be a big day
in the life of any
family, the day
one of the sons of
the family brings
hope the woman
he intends to
marry. The story
is told in the first