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eq

Dr i kB&v k/ kfj r ew
Y; ka
du
xf. kr d {kk& IX
1- fo"k; %Hkkj r esackY; koLFkk esaeksVki k
l kj ka
'k
bl ys
[ k es
afn; k x; k fo"k; v ; ki dks
adksfo| kfFkZ
; ks
aes
aLokLF; dj Hkks
t u dh v knrks
adk ego]
la
os
nu' khyrk l sl e>kuses
aenn djs
xkA osmuds}kjk v a
r xZ
g.k Hkks
t u dsi z
Hkko dksekW
uhVj djus
v kS
j ml dsckjsesai jke' kZns
uses
al eFkZgka
xs
s
Av kt dy fd' kks
j ks
aesav Yi v kgkj ys
usdh l ud gS
AdbZ
ckj i rysv kS
j lq
MkS
y cuusdsfy, osxyr i fr; ks
adk v uq
l j.k djrsgS
A xf.krh; t kudkjh ds
a
iz
; ks
x l sosv kgkj ; ks
t ukv ks
av kS
j mudsi fj.kkeks
adk fo' ys
"k.k dj l drsgS
Av kt dy ds; q
a
okv ksadk
v LokLF; dj Hkks
t u v kS
j fo| q
r midj.kks
adsi z
fr >q
d ko gSrFkk os[ ks
y usv kjSfu; fer O;k; ke l snw
j
gks
r st k jgsgS
a
A bl dsi z
Hkko l scPpks
aes
aeks
Vki k v kS
j ml l sl a
cfa/ r LokLF; l eL; k, ac<+jgh gS
A
a
l Hkh LokLF; i s
' ks
oj bl ckjses
axa
Hkhj fpa
r k O;Dr dj jgsgS
] D; ks
a
fd ; q
a
okv ks
adsLokLF; i j jk"V dk
LokLF; fuHkZ
j djrk gS
A uhpsfn; k x; k ds
l jS
f[ kd l ehdj.k i j v k/ kfjr gS
A jS
f[ kd l ehdj.k]
ml dk v kys
[ kh fu: i .k v kS
j ml dk v uq
iz
; ks
x t ksfd d{kk ukS
oh es
a
al h[ kk x; k gS
] fo| kfFkZ
; ksadks
ck&LokLF; dh pq
ukS
r h dksl e>uses
al g; ks
x djs
xkA
v kW
Dl i Q
ks
MZ' kCndks
"k dsv uq
l kj& ^LoLFk* dh i fjHkk"kk ^chekjh ; k pks
V l seq
Dr gks
usdh v oLFkk gS
A*
Hkkjrh; ekrk&fi rk dk eux<+
r fopkj gSfd t kscPpk xks
a
y eVks
y , oa"V&i q
"V gS
] og LoLFk gSv kS
j
oscPpks
adksv f/ d f[ kykdj v i usI; kj dh ckS
Nkj djrsgS
A cPpk bl t kudkjh dsl kFk cM+
a
k gksrk
gSfd v f/ d miHkks
x djuk ( [ kkuk) l kekU; gS, oa; gh t hou ' kS
y h gS
A
o; Ld gks
usi j LokLF; ] cPpks
adso`f o"kks
i j v k/ kfjr gks
r k gS
A , d o"kZdh v k; ql smQ
i j dk
cPpk ya
ckbZo Hkkj es
ac<+
r k gSv kS
j fd' kks
j koLFkk rd i z
fr o"kZml dsot u 2 l s2-3 fdyks
xkze rd
o mQ
pkbZ( dn) es
a2 l s3 ba
p rd dh c<+
ks
kjh gks
r h gS
A
1

o`f dso"kks
es
a[ kjkc [ kkusdh i fr; ks
adsdkj.k ol k dks
f' kdk, al a
[ ; k , oav kdkj es
ac<+t krh gS
A
a
, d ckj v frfjDr ol k dks
f' kdk, acu t k, a
] rksos LFkk; h gkst krh gS
A ot u de djusdh l Hkh
a
dks
f' k' kks
a l s ol k dks
f' kdkv ks
a dk dsoy v kdkj de gks l drk gSi jUrq l a
[ ; k ugha
A eks
Vs cPps
v f/ drj cM+
sgks
d j eks
Vso; Ld gh cursgS
A
a
jt r d{kk ukS
ohaes
ai <+
r k gS
ALFkw
y dk; gks
usdsdkj.k ml sml dsnks
Lr fp<+
krsgS
arksml snq
[ k gksrk gS
v kS
j l kFk gh l kFk og gDdk&cDdk gkst krk gS
A i gysml dh i z
' ka
l k gks
r h Fkh fd og v kd"kZ
d , oa
xks
y eVks
y gS
Aml usfu' p; fd; k fd og ot u dksfu; a
f=kr djusdsfy, v Yi [ kq
j kd ys
xkA
ml usHkks
t u dk R;kx djuk o oz
r j[ kuk ' kq
: dj fn; kA dq
N l Irkg ckn ml usv uq
Hko fd; k fd
ot u de gks
usdsLFkku i j ml dh dk; Z
' kfDr es
adeh gksjgh gSv kS
j ml es
ai <+
kbZes
a; ku dsfUnzr
djus dh {kerk ugha gS
A jt r ds ekrk&fi rk us v i us i kfjokfjd fpfdRld l s bl l eL; k i j
fopkj&foe' kZfd; kAml usmUgs
a' kka
r fd; k v kS
j crk; k fd dks
bZHkh v kgkj ; ks
t uk i z
kja
Hk djusl si gys
iz
R;s
d dksv i usch-, e-v kbZdh t ka
p dj ys
uh pkfg, fd og O;fDr fdl oxZes
agS
& l k/ kj.k ; k
v f/ d ot unkj ; k LFkw
y dk; A
v f/ d ot unkj gks
usdk eryc gSfd ' kjhj dk ot u v i uh mez; k ' kjhj dh cukoV dsv uq
l kj
l kekU; v Fkok LoLFk l e>st kusokysot u l sv f/ d gks
ukA nw
l jh rji QLFkw
y dk; v Fkok eks
Vki sdh
fLFkfr gS; kfu ' kjhj es
aol k dh ek=kk dh v f/ drkA t cfd , d v f/ d LFkw
y dk; O;fDr esaot u
dh ek=kk dh v f/ drk gks
r h gS
] i jUrqml es
av R;f/ d ol k dk l a
p; u gksHkh l drk gSv kS
j ughaHkh
gksl drk gS
A

l jkguk dhAi jUrqot u dk i z


frjks
/ djusdsfy, i z
R;s
d dksot u dk fu; a
=k. k j[ kusokysdkj. kksadh
t kudkjh dk Li "V v a
nkt k gks
uk pkfg, rFkk ' kkjhfjd foz
Q
; kdyki ks
av kS
j la
rq
fyr v kgkj dk l gh
l fEeJ.k v i ukuk pkfg, A
jt r usfpfdRl d dks
] ch-, e-v kbZfoLrkj l sl e>kusdsfy, dgkA

ch-, e-v kbZ(BMI) D; k gS


\
' kkjhfjd nz
O;eku l w
pdka
d

(BMI)

Kkr djusdsfy, , d O;fDr dsot u ( fdyks


xz
ke es
) dksehVj
a

es
aml dh mQ
pkbZdsoxZl sHkkx fn; k t krk gS
A cPpks
av kS
j fd' kks
j ks
adsfy, ] ch-, e-v kbZmezv kS
j
fya
x&fof' k"V gSv kS
j v us
d ckj bl dk mYys
[ k mezdsfy, ch-, e-v kbZ}kjk fd; k t krk gS
A
ch-, e-v kbZ
18-5&25

LokLF; d h fLFkfr
LoLFk

25&30

v f/ d ot unkj

30&35

LFkw
y dk;

35 l sv f/ d

xa
Hkhj: i l sLFkw
y dk;

ch-, e-v kbZ(BMI) l e>kusdsckn fpfdRld us


jt r dksv i uk BMI i fjdfyr djusdsfy,
dgkA jt r ust Ynh l sfpfdRl ky; es
al sot u
rks
y usdh e' khu v kS
j mQ
pkbZpkVZdsi z
a
; ks
x ls
Kkr fd; k fd ml dk ot u 60 fdyks
xz
ke v kS
j
ma
Q
pkbZ 150 l s
VhehVj gS
a
A v kxs fn, pkVZ ds
v uq
l kj ml dk BMI 27 gS
] v r%og v f/ d
ot u dsoxZes
agS
A
4

(WHO)

dh chekjh dk v kS
j 7&41 dS
l j dk dkj.k ; gh gS
a
AWHO usv uq
eku yxk; k gSfd l a
l kjHkj esai zfr
o"kZ28 yk[ k yks
xks
adh e`R;qv f/ d eks
Vki sv kS
j LFkw
y dk; gks
usdsdkj.k gkst krh gS
A
BMI

c<+
usl s
] fny dsjks
x] fny dk nkS
j k] Vkbi &2 dk e/ q
es
g v kS
j dS
l j gks
a
usdk [ krjk yxkrkj c<+

t krk gS
A
cPpsdsLFkw
y dk; gks
usdh i fjHkk"kk gSfd v k; q
] fya
x v kS
j mQ
pkbZdsv uq
a
l kj i fjdkfyr ekud ot u
l sml dk ot u 20 v frfjDr gks
A , d cPpsdksLFkw
y dk; dgk t krk gSt c fd Ropk dsuhps
mQ
rdks
av kS
j ' kjhj dsnw
l jsHkkxks
aes
al a
fpr ol k dh i z
pq
j rk gks
A
bu fnuks
a' kS
' kodky es
aLFkw
y rk es
ao`f gksjgh gSv kS
j ; g yks
xks
adh LokLF; l eL; kv ks
adk , d i zeq
[k
dkj.k gS
A fo' oO;ki h , d v uq
eku dsv uq
l kj 2010 es
a5 o"kZl sde v k; qds420 yk[ k cPpksadk
v f/ d ot u FkkA
v us
d v ; ; uks
adsv uq
l kj Hkkjr es
a15 l s20 cPpks
adk v f/ d ot u gSv kS
j 30 bl oxZesa
v kusds[ krjsesagS
AHkkjr es
abl i z
d kj dsv kdM+
ai zeq
s
[ kr%[ krjsdh ?ka
Vh ct k jgsgS
A
a

eksVki sd sfy , mkj nk; h ?kVd


?kuh mQ
t kZo de i ks
"k.k okysHkks
T; i nkFkks
dk v ko' ; drk l sv f/ d mi; ks
x djus, oaml dh

rq
y uk es
a' kkjhfjd l foz
Q
; rk es
adeh dsdkj.k v f/ d dS
y ks
j h mRiUu gkst krh gS
AHkks
t u dsl zksr
l si z
kIr mQ
t kZdksdS
y ks
j h es
aeki k t krk gS
Ai Q
y , oal fCt ; ks
al smRiUu dS
y ks
j h] i Q
kLV i w
Q
M , oa
l ks
Mk l smRiUu dS
y ks
j h l smRo`Q
"V gks
r h gS
] t cfd Hkysgh nks
uks
ai z
d kj dsHkks
t u es
al eku l a
[;k
es
adS
y ks
j h gks
A
a
ft l v kgkj es
ai ks
"kd i nkFkks
es
adeh_ ued] phuh o ol k es
avf/ drk gks
] ml sv LokLF; dj

[ kk| i nkFkZ( t a
d iw
Q
M) dgk t krk gS
A; g LokLF; dsfy, gkfudkjd gS
aD; ks
fd bl es
a
ai k"sk.k dh
deh gks
r h gSv kS
j bl es
adS
y ks
j h vf/ d gks
r h gS
AcPpks
ads}kjk js
LVks
js
V @Hkks
a
t uky; es
axz
g.k fd,
x, [ kkuses
adS
y ks
j h ( 770) dh l a
[ ; k] ?kj es
a[ kk, x, Hkks
t u ( 420) l syxHkx nq
xq
uh gks
r h gS
A
nw
j n' kZ
u ( Vs
y hfot u) ns
[ kuk v kS
j v LokLF; dj [ kk| i nkFkZ( t a
d iw
Q
M) dk mi; ks
x ekV
ski sl s

la
cfa/ r gS
A
a
[ kq
y sLFkkuks
adh v l q
y Hkrk dsdkj. k cPpksadsi kl ?kj i j jgusv kS
j nw
j n' kZ
u ns
[ kusdsmidj.kksa

dsl kFk jgusdk gh fodYi jg t krk gS


Av kS
l ru ' kgjks
aes
a, d cPpk ehfM; k e' khuks
adsl keus
4 l s5 ?ka
Vsrd jgrk gS
A

eksVki sd ksfu; a
f=kr d j uk
cPpks
aes
aekV
ski sdksfu; a
f=kr djusdsfy, v fuok; ZgS
&
mUgs
a' kkjhfjd : i l s l foz
Q
; j[ kk t k, ft l l s fd os v frfjDr dS
y ks
j h dks t yk l dsav kS
j

p; ki p; u ds}kjk Hkks
t u dksmQ
t kZes
ai fjofrZ
r djs
] ft l l sfd og pchZds: i es
a
a, df=kr u
gksl ds
A
' kkj hfj d l foz
Q
; k d hi z
o`Q
fr

dS
y kj h t y usd h l a
[ ; k (K. Cal/min)

?kj dsfoz
Q
; kdyki

pyuk

t kW
fxa
x djuk

nkS
M+
uk

Hkkxrsgq
, l hf<+
; k p<+
uk

10

v ki v i usO;k; ke v uw
lw
ph dh ; ks
t uk dk jS
f[ kd l ehdj.k cuk l drsgS
A
a
mnkgj.k dsrkS
j i j] v ki fnu es
a150 fdyksdS
y ksjhk [ kpZdjuk pkgrsgS
av kS
j , d fnu esav ki
v f/ d l sv f/ d 30 feuV rd O;k; ke dj l drsgS
Av ki dks; sHkh yxrk gSfd pyuk rFkk t ksfxa
a
x
djuk v ki dh ; ks
t uk dh i w
j k djusdk l cl sl q
fo/ kt ud rjhdk gS
A
mQ
i j nh xbZrkfydk l sv ki ns
[ k l drsgS
afd pyusl s3 fdyksdS
y ks
j hk i z
fr ?ka
Vk rFkk t ks
fxa
x l s6
fdyksdS
y kjshk i z
fr ?ka
Vk [ kpZgks
r h gS
A
eku yhft , v ki

feuV rd pyrsgS
av kS
j y feuV rd t ks
x djrsgS
A 150 fdyksdS
a
y ks
j hk [ kpZ

djusdsfy, ] v ki uhpsfn, x, jS
f[ kd l ehdj.k dk mi; ks
x dj l drsgS
A
a
3x + 6y = 150

v ki bl jS
f[ kd l ehdj.k dk v kjs
[ k cuk l drsgS
arFkk pyuso t ks
fxa
x djusdk mfpr l e; <w
<
l drsgS
A
a

l rafqy r v kgkj xz
g. k d j uk
yM+
d sv kS
j yM+
fd; ks
adsfy, fuEufyf[ kr dS
y ks
j h dh l ykg nh t krh gS
&
cPpks
] yM+
a
d sv kS
j yM+
fd; ks
adsfy,

2200 dS
y ks
jh

iq
Q
rhZ
y syM+
d sv kS
j yM+
fd; ks
adsfy,

2800 dS
y kjh

fofHkUu i ks
"k.k i nkFkks
l si z
Lrkfor dS
y ks
j h dh l a
[ ; k uhpsnh xbZgS
&
i ks
"kd i nkFkZ

i ks
"kd i nkFkZl si z
Lr kfor d S
y ks
jh

ol k

15&30

dkcks
gkbMs
Z
V

55&75
8

iz
ks
Vhu

10&15

ued

5&6 xz
ke@
iz
frfnu

phuh

20&25 xz
ke@
iz
frfnu

cPpka
sdh c<+
r h gq
bZmezdh v oLFkk es
] mPp p; ki p; u v kS
a
j l foz
Q
; rk Lrj dsdkj.k v f/ d

dS
y ks
j h t y t krh gS
A i jUrquedhu v kS
j ehBsHkks
t u dk Lokn , d ckj fodfl r gkst kusi j
o; Ld t hou dky rd cuk jgrk gS
Abl dk i fj.kke gks
r k gSfd ; g cPpscM+
sgks
d j LFkw
y dk;
o; Ld gkst krsgS
A
a
/ ks
[ kk ns
usoky smi ukeks
a( y s
cy ks
) l sl r d Z
a
rk

dbZckj ys
cy i j dks
ys
LVy &eq
Dr Hkks
t u] phuh&eq
Dr] cgq
v ukt ] v Yi &v kgkj bR;kfn fy[ kdj
fcoz
Q
h ; ks
t ukv ks
al s, s
l si nkFkks
i j cgq
r / ks
[ kk fd; k t krk gSD; ks
fd bues
a
ade ol k gksrh gS
i jUrqued o phuh dh ek=kk v f/ d gks
r h gS
] ft l dk l k/ kj.k v FkZgSfd bues
av f/ d dS
y ksjh
gS
A HkkT
s; i nkFkks
dsys
cy dk v FkZl e>uk , d v fuok; Zv H; kl gS
A mnkgj.k dsfy, ] el kys
okyh ew
xi Q
a
yh i j fy[ kk x; k gSfd 100 xz
ke i nkFkZes
a610 dS
y ks
j h gSv kS
j bl h i S
ds
V dsi nkFkZ
es
a50 xz
ke ol k l s450 dS
y ks
jh i z
kIr gks
usdk nkok gS
A bl i z
d kj 610 dS
y ks
j h es
al s450
dS
y ks
j h ol k l sv krh gS
] t ksfd cgq
a
r v f/ d 73 gS
A ; | fi v kgkj l a
ca
/ h l ykg gSfd ol k
l sds
oy 30 dS
y ks
jhi z
kIr gks
uh pkfg, A
iQ
kLV i w
Q
M l snw
j jgs
aD; ka
fd bl l sv ki i kja
i fjd Hkkjrh; Hkks
t u l s47 v f/ d dS
y ks
j h xzg.k

djrsgS
A
a
fuEufyf[ kr pkVZdksns
[ ks
] ft l es
a
afd v LokLF; dj [ kk| i nkFkZ( t a
d iw
Q
M) l si z
kIr dS
y ksjh dks
t ykusdsfy, fd, t kusokysi ;zRuks
adksn' kkZ
; k x; k gS
&
ta
d iw
Q
M

dS
y ks
j h eku

dS
l st y k; k t k,

fi t k Lykbl

250

90 feuV rd l kbZ
fdy pykuk

1 pht cxZ
j

330

90 feuV rd rS
j uk

1 e; e i s
Q
z
p iz
a
Q
kbl

300

90 feuV rd t kW
fxa
x

1is
LVh

500

90 feuV rd Vs
ful [ ks
y uk

1 l eks
lk

150

90 feuV rd ukpuk

200 feyhyhVj dks


yk

100

90 feuV rd jLl h dw
nuk

Hkw
[ ksj guk ot u d e d j usd sfy , v PNk D; ks
aughagS
\
Hkw
[ kk jguk cgq
r yks
d fi z
; gSD; ks
fd bl l sukVdh; <a
a
x l sot u es
adeh v krh gSt ksfd i kuh dh
deh dsdkj.k gks
r k gSu fd pchZdsdkj.kA Hkks
t u fi Q
j l sxz
g.k djrsgh [ kks
; k gq
v k i kuh i q
u%
iz
kIr gkst krk gS
A
bl t kudkjh dksi z
kIr djusdsi ' pkr jt r dksl e> vk x; k fd ml svi uk ot u fdl i z
d kj de
djuk gSvkS
j ml usvi uh vkgkj ; ks
t uk dk pkVZvi usekrk&fi rk dh enn l srS
; kj fd; k] ft l es
afuf' pr
: i l s' kkjhfjd vH; kl ] rduhdh ?ka
Vks
adh vf/ drk es
adeh vkS
j Hkks
T; i nkFkks
es
ai ks
"kd rRo] ued o
phuhdsl gh vuq
i kr dk feJ.k FkkA
vki Hkh vi usfy, bl i z
d kj dk pkVZrS
; kj dj l drsgS
A
a

la
nHkZ

http://www.cseindia.org

iz
' uks
ad k uew
uk
iz
' u 1- ; g dgk x; k gSfd , d o"kZdh mQ
i j dh v k; qdk cPpk fd' kks
j koLFkk rd Hkkj esai zfr
o"kZ2 fdyks
xz
ke rFkk ya
ckbZes
a3 ba
p rd cM+
h rs
t h l sc<+
r k gS
A
ot u dkspj

3 va
d

rFkk mQ
pkbZdksh v kS
j a o"kks
es
av k; qfy; k rks
] fuEufyf[ kr dschp dk

jS
f[ kd l a
ca
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aot u 5 fdyksrFkk yEckbZ24 ba
p
ekuk t k; s
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1)

a v kS
j w

2)

a v kS
j h

10

't'

's'

(BMI)

(BMI) x

w = 5 + (a - 1) 2
w = 3 + 2a
h = 24 + (a - 1) 3
= 19 + 3 a
4t + 10 s = 250
x=

y
1.6 2

2.56x y = 0

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http://www.bsesdelhi.com

http://www.bsesdelhi.com

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http://www.ndpl.com

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22