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History 12

Unit 2 Promise and Collapse 1919 to 1933


LG 4 (Unit 2)
USA in the 1920s and 1930s
READINGS:
*=Requir Title
ed

Pages

Falk: Student Workbook

62-76

Howarth: The World Since


1900 First Edition

84-95; 105-108; 128140

Howarth: The World Since


1900 Second Ed

81-90; 99-102; 119127

Demarco: The World This


Century

113-120

Mitchner and Tuffs: Global


Forces

83-87

Rundle: Intl Affairs: 18901939

142-146

Browne: World History 2:


1900-1968

70-78

Catchpole: Map History of


the Modern World

62-63

Vocabulary (Define 35 Marks):


1. Black Tuesday
2. Fordney-McCumber Act
3. Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill
4. Laissez-faire
5. Buying on the Margin
6. John Maynard Keynes
7. Deficit Financing
8. Hoovervilles
9. F.D. Roosevelt
10.
Fireside Chats
11.
New Deal
12.
Neutrality Acts
13.
Warren Harding
14.
Herbert Hoover
15.
Prohibition
16.
18th Amendment

17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

19th Amendment
W.C.T.U.
Henry Ford
Calvin Coolidge
The (First) 100 Days
Alphabet Agencies
CCC
NRA
AAA
TVA
FERA
Welfare State
Boom
Bust

Focus Questions: DO 2
1. Explain how, in the 1920s, the production of automobiles and other consumer
goods contributed to an economic boom in the USA and changed the lives of
ordinary Americans.
2.

A) What were the reasons for the prosperity in the USA in the 1920s.
B) Explain why this prosperity came to an end by 1929.

3. Describe the political and economic developments in the U.S.A. during the
1920s.
4. The New Deal changed the United States but did not solve the countrys
economic problems.
A) In what ways did the New Deal change the United States?
B) Give evidence to support the view that the New Deal failed to solve the
countrys economic problems.
5. Roosevelts New Deal accomplished much in dealing with the problems of the
Great Depression.
A) Describe conditions in the USA when Roosevelt became president in
1933.
B) Describe the accomplishments of Roosevelts New Deal.

Assessment Questions : Copy the following chart on the causes and


effects of the depression. Complete in detail.

Great Depression
What years approximately? _____ to _____

Causes
Explain how the following four factors each contributed to the Depression
1. Overproduction

2. The Stock Market

3. Economic Nationalism and Tariffs

4. International Debt after the First World War

Consequences
Explain the following consequences of the Great Depression:
5. Unemployment

6. Banking Failures

7. Political Consequences

8. Change in Role of Government

LG 5 (Unit 2)
Topics: Mussolini and Italian Fascism; Hitlers Rise to Power
READINGS:
*=Requir Title
ed

Pages

Falk: Student Workbook

47-59

Howarth: The World Since


1900 First Edition

67-70; 95-100; 117128;

Howarth: The World Since


1900 Second Ed

51-53; 90-95; 110118

Demarco: The World This


Century

67-103

Mitchner and Tuffs: Global


Forces

33-37; 39-46; 51-59

Rundle: Intl Affairs: 18901939

64-83

Browne: World History 2:


1900-1968

79-96

Catchpole: Map History of


the Modern World

38-41; 58-59

Vocabulary (Define 37 Marks):


1. totalitarianism
2. fascism
3. Mussolini
4. Italia Irredenta
5. Blackshirts
6. March on Rome
7. Il Duce
8. Acerbo Law
9. Lateran Accords
10.
Corporate State
11.
March on Berlin
12.
Munich Putsch
13.
Nazi
14.
Brownshirts
15.
Lebensraum
16.
Aryan Myth
17.
Hindenburg
18.
Von Papen
19.
Enabling Act
20.
Night of the Long Knives

21.
22.
23.

Nuremburg Laws
Gestapo
Herman Goering

24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Josef Goebbels
Heinrich Himmler
Schutzstaffel
Anti-Semitism
Matteotti
King Victor Emmanuel III

30.
SA
31.
Coalition
32.
Fuhrer
33.
Ernst Roehm
34.
Hitler Youth
35.
Kristallnacht (Krystal
(Crystal) Night)
36.
Kinder, Kirche, Kuche

37.
Poison Dwarf (hint: a
nickname for ?)

Written Response Questions Choose 2


1. Describe the factors which existed in the Weimar Republic that allowed Hitler to
gain power by 1933.
2. Hitler and Mussolini both succeeded in becoming dictators in democracies. To
what extent did Hitler and Mussolini use similar methods in establishing their
dictatorships?
3. Explain why the Weimar Republic survived during the 1920s, but collapsed
during the 1930s.
4. Explain how Hitler, after becoming Chancellor in 1933, made himself absolute
dictator of Germany.
5. Explain how Hitlers Germany was typical of a twentieth century totalitarian
state.
6. Explain how Hitler and the Nazi party gained the support of the German people
between 1933 and 1939.
Activity 4 Choose one of the activities
A. Cartoon Interpretation
(Internet sources) http://comicism.tripod.com/hitoon.html
http://www.cartoons.ac.uk/group/chamberlain-and-appeasement-1938-teacher
Example A


ThiscartoonofFebruary1938bytheBritishcartoonistDavidLowshowsGermanycrushingAustria.Nextinlineis
Czechoslovakia.Attheback,BritainsaystoFrance,whoisnexttolast:Whyshouldwetakeastandaboutsomeone
pushingsomeoneelsewhenitsallsofaraway?

(i) Select one cartoon from the interwar period concerning Nazi Germany, Fascist
Italy; or Communist Russia
(ii) Photocopy cartoon;
(iii) In several good paragraphs, look for national symbols, likenesses to leaders, links
with historical events, evidence of state of affairs in the countries involved, bias in
the cartoonist, significance of title, etc. No more than 200 words.
B. Interview with a Dictator
Research one of the following major figures in history: Mussolini Hitler Stalin
You will need to know the following information:
background
primary written works
goals/aims for country
rise to power
ideological beliefs
base of popularity or power (i.e., Who supports this leader?)
key conflicts in which he was involved
characteristics of the leaders movements
political and economic policies and beliefs
Students will then be required to answer questions of their leader and record their answer
Stalin
What is your plan for modernizing
Russia? How will it work?
Should communism be a world venture or
should it remain in one country?
Who is the NKVD? What is their job?
How do you feel about the Kulak? What is
your plan for them?
What is your goal for agriculture? How
will you achieve this goal?
What are your thoughts regarding
communism?
How do you feel about Lenins NEP?
What are your plans regarding it?
What is your policy on agriculture? How
do you plan to act on this?
You have been quoted as saying You
cannot make a revolution with silk gloves.
What do you mean by this?
You have been quoted as saying, A single
death is a tragedy, millions of deaths is a
statistic. What do you mean by this?
Trotsky is dead. What happened to him?

Hitler
Who is your propagandist, and why do
you feel that propaganda is necessary?
Who are the SA, and why are they
necessary?
How do you feel about the Treaty of
Versailles?
How do you feel about the masses?
You have been quoted as having said,
Strength lies not in defense but in attack.
How does this quote apply to your plans
for Europe?
You have been quoted as saying, The
great masses of the people... will more easily
fall victims to a big lie than to a small one.
Explain.
How do you feel about the Jewish people?
Can you explain your theory of a master
race?
- Who are the SS? Why are they necessary?
- What are your territorial goals for

- Germany?

Mussolini
Who are the squadristi, and why are they
necessary?
What is fascism, and why is it necessary
for Italy?

DO UNIT 2 TEST

What are your plans for the future of


Italy?
How do you feel about the Treaty of
Versailles? Why?
Do you believe in a socialist state? Why?
How is a socialist state different from fascism?
- What are your territorial goals for Italy?