U.S.

History

Jason Saba

CHAPTER 9: “Expanding Markets and Moving West” _____________________________________________________ _
Section 4: The War with Mexico
One Americans Story: Robert E. Lee, son of a war hero and brother of a veteran KIA, was against the ongoing war with Mexico Polk Urges War: James K. Polk: elected in 1844; land hungry slave holder Dispute over where the Texan border extended (Rio Grande vs. Nueces River) Slidell’s Rejection Polk sent Slidell to Mexico to purchase California and New Mexico and to gain approval of Rio Grande as the Texas border  Rejection Polk sends General Zachary Taylor to blockade the Rio Grande border Sectional Attitudes Toward War Southerners supported the war for they thought it would extend slavery and increase Southern power in congress (Wilmot Proviso prevented new lands from Mexico from becoming slave states); Northerners opposed the war for the same reason The War Begins Mexico sends troops across the Rio Grande and kills 9 U.S. soldiers Polk responds by sending a war message to congress, that Mexico started the war Kearny Marches West Colonel Stephen Kearny (the Long Marcher): ordered by Polk to march from Kansas to New Mexico. N.M was practically given up  march to California The Republic of California The Republic of California: American settlers seized the town of Sonoma in 1846 and declared the independence from Mexico They joined forces with Kearny and the U.S. forces were left in control of California The War in Mexico General Winfield Scott: “Old Rough and Ready”, led the invasion of Mexico Polk let Santa Anna go because he promised he would end the war and mediate the border dispute America Gains the Spoils of War Lives lost; The war enlarged the U.S. territory by nearly 1/3 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande border and ceded New Mexico and California to the United States; the United States paid them $15 Million Notes taken from, The Americans, by McDougal Littel

The Gadsden Purchase: established the current borders of the lower 48 states Taylor’s Election in 1848 General Zachary Taylor was pro slavery  his election The California Gold Rush John Marshall discovered gold at Sutter’s Mill. Word traveled east The Rush Begins Everyone loses their minds; businesses shut down Forty-niners: the prospectors who flocked to California in 1849 in the gold rush Gold Rush: people of all sorts rushed to California in search of gold Impact of Gold Rush San Francisco’s population sky rockets Gold Rush Brings Diversity Chinese, Blacks, and Mexicans all came and struck it rich in California Debate over whether or not California should become a state soon ended in 1850

Notes taken from, The Americans, by McDougal Littel

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