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1.

Jurisprudence-Theory or Philosophy of law or A system of law


'the Court has to keep in mind certain significant
principles of law under the Indian Criminal Jurisprudence, i.e. right to fair tr
ial and presumption of innocence'
also ' burden of proof alsways lies on the prosecution and the same must be prov
ed beyond reasonable doubt.'
2. Vide-See or a Word used to direct a persons attention.
3. Procedural law-Procedural law comprises the set of rules that govern the proc
eedings of the court in criminal lawsuits as well as civil and administrative pr
oceedings.
'Elaborates on the steps which the case passes through'
4. Substantive law-substantive law defines the rights and duties of the people,
but procedural law lays down the rules with the help of which they are enforced.
5. Common law is a law developed by judges throughdecisions of courts and simila
r tribunals.
6. Precedent - A precedent is a principle or a rule established in a previous le
gal case that is either binding or pursuasive for a court or some other tribunal
.
7. Stare decisis et non quieta movere: "to stand by decisions and not disturb th
e undisturbed.". In a legal context, this is understood to mean that courts shou
ld generally abide by precedent and not disturb settled matters.
Note::Trials and hearings that do not result in written decisions of a court of
record do not create precedent for future court decisions
8. Bare acts- consists only of different legal sections and does not contain com
mentary, judgments and case law.