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Polytechnic

University of the Philippines Taguig Branch


General J. A. Santos Ave., K-9 Ext., Prk. 6 Lower Bicutan, Taguig City, Philippines
College of Education

ADVANCED ENGLISH GRAMMAR


EDUC 2343 DR. ANNABELLE A. GORDONAS

A Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan on Phrases and


Clauses

SUBMITTED BY:
Diesta, Charles
BSED-English IV-1

Target Students: Grade 8

I.

OBJECTIVES
At the end of the period the students will be able to:
a. differentiate phrases and clauses

Time Allotment: 45 minutes

b. relate independence and dependence to their daily lives


c. identify phrases and clauses from the sentence
II.

SUBJECT MATTER

III.

Topic: Phrases and Clauses


Materials: visual aids
Values: Relationships
References:

PROCEDURE
A. Preparatory Activities
1. Prayer
2. Greetings
3. Classroom Management
4. Checking of Attendance
5. Review
B. Developmental Activities
The teacher will ask the students the lesson yesterday by asking them the importance of subject-verb
agreement and cite one rule used in the activity.
1. Motivation

The teacher will randomly call students who will be


asked whether their preference is to be dependent or
independent.
I am sassy. love pretty red shoes. although I
have no money. I still like them.
1. Did the statement make sense? (No.)
2. Make it so. (Make a sentence out of the phrases and dependent clauses)
One is a phrase and the others are different clauses. That is what we are going to discuss now.
Look at the statement in the board. Did you notice the differences of the group of words?

C. Presentation of The Topic


A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb.
Examples:

at the joker
best student

Different Kinds of Phrases


A noun phrase consists of a noun and other related words (usually modifiers and determiners)
which modify the noun. It functions like a noun in a sentence.
Examples:

The alchemist brought a bottle full of formaldehyde.


The red-headed girl is running.
An assassin in the room was hidden.
The girl will blue eyes hates her fiery-souled sister.

A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, object of preposition(noun or pronoun) and may


also consist of other modifiers.
Examples:

The goblin on the cliff is planting a bomb.


The man in the corner is the shopkeeper.
Akasha is shouting in a loud voice.
Ezalor always behaves in a good manner.

An adjective phrase consists of adjectives, modifier and any word that modifies a noun or
pronoun.
Examples:

Lina is wearing a nice red dress.


Mirana has a cute tame cat.
A donkey from the jungle walked into the river.

An adverb phrase functions like an adverb to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
Examples:

Lyralei always runs like the wind. (modifies run)


She paused her game in a hurry. (modifies paused)
Mortred dances in a graceful wave. (modifies dances)

A verb phrase is a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a sentence.
Examples:

The courier is delivering items.


The boy will study for his exams.
His sister has finished her work.
She can use the PC now.

An infinitive phrase always functions as an adjective, adverb or a noun in a sentence.


Examples:

He likes to farm.
She wants to buy a bike.
He shouted to command his teammate.
He is planning to win the lottery.

A gerund phrase consists of a gerund(verb + ing) and modifiers or other words associated with
the gerund. A gerund phrase acts as a noun in a sentence.
Examples:

Shendelzare likes shooting magic missiles.


I like playing video games when Im sad.
Sleeping after 2am is a bad habit.

A participle phrase consists of a present participle (verb + ing), a past participle (verb ending in
-ed or other form in case of irregular verbs) and modifiers or other associate words. A participle
phrase is separated by commas. It always acts as an adjective in a sentence.
Examples:

We saw a car, damaged in an accident.


The keyboard, made for gaming, is expensive.
I received letter mentioning my exam.

An absolute phrase is a group of words including a noun or pronoun and a participle as well as
any associated modifiers. Absolute phrase modifies (give information about) the entire sentence. It

resembles a clause but it lack a true finite verb. It is separated by a comma or pairs of commas
from the rest sentence.
Examples:

Dendi looks sad, his face expressing worry.


Raigor was wating for his hawk, his eyes on the clock.
Sasha was painting the wall, her shirt stained with white.

A clause is a group of words containing a subject and verb.


Examples:

Jim reads.
Because I forgot my homework.

Two Types of Clauses:


An independent clause is a simple sentence. It can stand on its own.
Examples:

I am a gamer.
She is an elf.
I like her.

A dependent clause cannot stand on its own. It needs an independent clause to complete a
sentence. Dependent clauses often begin with such words as although, since, if, when, and
because.
Examples:

Although Roshan is waiting


Whatever they decide
Because I am a fun person

The teacher presents the activity Puck The Faerie Dragon. In this activity, students will be
grouped into four. A representative will get a rainbow from Pucks pouch and they will classify
whether it is a phrase or a clause. The groups are also instructed to identify what kind of phrase or
clause is on their rainbow and use it in a knock knock joke.
D. Practice
A. Identify whether it is phrase or clause, and then be able to tell the type.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I am your father. (clause, independent)


Because she was a hopeless romantic (clause, dependent)
Big black centaur (phrase, noun)
Black and blue (phrase, adjective)
His fingers clicking fast (phrase, absolute)

B. Give examples of phrases and clauses based on the words.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Caring independent clause


Burgundy adjective phrase
Minions noun phrase
Wipe absoule phrase
Listen infinitive phrase

E. Generalization
Therefore when can you say that a group of words is a phrase or clause? How do you know the types?

SUMMARY
You can say it is a phrase when there is no subject and verb.
A clause has a subject and verb, depending on its type, it might or might not stand alone as a
sentence.
One can tell the type of phrase by analyzing on how it is used in the sentence.
In clauses, just take it out of the sentence and analyze whether it can as a sentence on its own
or not.
F. Evaluation
Identify each item as a clause or a phrase. Then tell what kind.
1. He works hard every day (Clause independent)
2. After a good day (Phrase Absolute)
3. If I need to call you (Clause dependent)
4. In a dark and dangerous hallway (Phrase Noun)
5. Before the next light. (Phrase Prepositional)
6. Because its the right thing to do (Clause Dependent)
7. As quickly as possible (Phrase Adverb)
8. This cars not working (Clause Independent)
9. Working for himself (Phrase Gerund)
10. Until she finds a car. (Clause dependent)
G. Assignment
Write a song about how happy your life is use a clause as your title and underline the phrases and
clauses in the lyrics.