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Cold water counter-current flow

TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10

0.0333

0.0667

0.1000

0.1333

0.1667

223.09

694.15

994.04

2221.27 2984.84

10

10

10

10

10

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

8002.08

5294.59 4263.17 3506.80 2956.72

(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)
Hot water counter current flow
TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE
(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)

TEST
T LOG MEAN,

-11.98

-13.64

-14.96

-15.44

Undefined

7778.99

4600.44

3269.16

1285.53

-28.12

2.79

13.11

23.32

63.34

100.95

T lm

)
HEAT LOSS
(W)
EFFICIENCY
(%)

OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT


TEST
Total exchange area

1
0.15

2
0.15

3
0.15

4
0.15

5
0.15

2
( m

Overall heat transfer coefficient


4453.02 2344.21 1899.81

(W /m . K )

1514.1

Undefine

TUBE SIDE
TEST
CROSS SECTION AREA

TOTAL CROSS FLOW

4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4

AREA, m2
MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW
HEAT TRANSFER

348.94

348.94

348.94

348.94

348.94

0.3531

0.3531

0.3531

0.3531

0.3531

4922.25
4922.25
4922.25
4922.25
4922.25
3.56
3.56
3.56
3.56
3.56
Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent

jh

TUBE COEFFICIENT,
(W /m2 . K )

4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5

2
( m

FACTOR,

0.0039

0.0039

0.0039

0.0039

0.0039

2423.94

2423.94

2423.94

2423.94

2423.94

ht

SHELL SIDE
TEST
CROSS FLOW AREA
2
( m

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

16.6

33.35

50.00

66.67

83.50

0.0166

0.033

0.050

0.067

0.167

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

576.35
5.44
Lamina

1157.90
5.44
Lamina

1735.98
5.44

2314.78
5.44
Turbulen

2899.09
5.44
Turbulen

0.023

0.050

0.043

0.039

0.034

2890.31

3495.80

3816.44

MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
EQUIVALENT DIAMETER
(m)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW

Laminar

HEAT TRANSFER FACTOR,


jh
SHELL COEFFICIENT,

hS

(W /m 2 . K )

TEST
PRESSURE DROP( Pa -

513.26

2344.2
1

282.14

282.14

282.14

282.14

282.14

0.77

6.63

13.09

21.32

115.47

tube
PRESSURE DROP( Pa -shell

Cold water co-current flow


TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE
(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10.00

0.0333

0.0667

0.1000

0.1333

0.1667

-208.24

-888.61

1207.82

-1721.49

2637.76

Hot water
TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE
(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE

HEAT LOSS
(W)
EFFICIENCY
(%)

10

10

10

10

10

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

2819.20

2681.67

2544.15

5363.35

TEST

(J/s)

T LOG MEAN,

-3850.61

-13.21

-14.19

-14.40

-14.83

-14.94

-5155.11

-2962.10

-1611.38

-960.18

93.61

3.88

23.07

42.84

64.19

103.68

T lm

OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT

TEST
Total exchange area
2
( m

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

4038.40

1809.07

1305.19

1205.5

1135.2

Overall heat transfer coefficient


2

(W /m . K )

TUBE SIDE
TEST
CROSS SECTION AREA

4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5

2
( m

TOTAL CROSS FLOW

4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4

AREA, m2
MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW
HEAT TRANSFER
FACTOR,

(W /m . K )

348.94

348.94

348.94

348.94

0.3531

0.3531

0.3531

0.3531

0.3531

4922.25
4922.25
4922.25
4922.25
4922.25
3.56
3.56
3.56
3.56
3.56
Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent

jh

TUBE COEFFICIENT,

348.94

0.0039

0.0039

0.0039

0.0039

0.0039

2423.94

2423.94

2423.94

2423.94

2423.94

ht

SHELL SIDE
TEST
CROSS FLOW AREA
2
( m

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

16.6

33.35

50.00

66.67

83.33

0.0166

0.033

0.050

0.067

0.084

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

576.35
5.44
Lamina

1157.90
5.44
Lamina

1753.98
5.44

2314.76
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

0.023

0.048

0.044

0.038

0.032

2988.22

3406.16

3584.51

MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
EQUIVALENT DIAMETER
(m)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW

Laminar

HEAT TRANSFER FACTOR,


jh
SHELL COEFFICIENT,

hS

(W /m 2 . K )

TEST
PRESSURE DROP( Pa -

513.26

2152.1
9

282.14

282.14

282.14

282.14

282.14

0.77

6.37

13.39

20.77

27.50

tube
PRESSURE DROP( Pa -shell

Cold water counter-current


TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE

10.00

10.00

10.00

10.00

10.00

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

7774.46

3956.64 3609.57 3262.50 2498.93

(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)
Hot water counter-current
TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE
(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)

TEST
T LOG MEAN,

)
HEAT LOSS
(W)
EFFICIENCY
(%)

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10.00

0.0333

0.0667

0.1000

0.1333

0.1667

220.03

632.60

1196.44

1980.31 2887.96

-13.12

-15.54

-15.82

-15.64

-15.00

-7554.43

-3324.04

-2413.13

-1282.20

389.03

3533.36

625.46

301.69

164.75

86.53

T lm

OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT


TEST
Total exchange area

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

111.80

271.39

504.19

844.12

( m
Overall heat transfer coefficient
2

(W /m . K )

1283.5
4

TUBE SIDE
TEST
CROSS SECTION AREA

TOTAL CROSS FLOW

4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4

AREA, m2
MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW
HEAT TRANSFER
jh

TUBE COEFFICIENT,
(W /m 2 . K )

4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5

2
( m

FACTOR,

70.62

141.24

234.19

282.49

353.11

0.0714

0.1429

0.2370

0.2859

0.3573

996.19
3.56
Laminar

1991.81
3.56
Laminar

0.0048

0.0030

0.0036

0.0040

0.0040

603.66

754.58

1501.88

2012.71

2515.76

3303.55
3984.89
4981.07
3.56
3.56
3.56
Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent

ht

SHELL SIDE
TEST
CROSS FLOW AREA
2
( m

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

83.33

83.33

83.33

83.33

83.33

0.0837

0.0837

0.0837

0.0837

0.0837

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

0.010

0.010

0.010

0.010

0.010

1120.16

1120.16

1120.16

1120.16

1120.16

12.75

41.37

122.67

187.12

292.26

8.53

8.53

8.53

8.53

8.53

MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
EQUIVALENT DIAMETER
(m)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW
HEAT TRANSFER FACTOR,
jh
SHELL COEFFICIENT,

hS

(W /m 2 . K )

TEST
PRESSURE DROP( Pa tube
PRESSURE DROP( Pa -shell

Cold water co-current flow


TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE
(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)

10.00

10.00

10.00

10.00

10.00

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

0.1667

-7566.21

-3887.23

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10.00

0.0333

0.0667

0.1000

0.1333

0.1667

-206.28

-522.58

1113.93

1980.31

2612.91

3401.32

-3193.08

2776.59

Hot water co-current flow


TEST
VOLUMETRIC FLOWRATE
(LPM)
MASS FLOWRATE
(kg/s)
HEAT TRANSFER RATE
(J/s)

TEST
T LOG MEAN,

)
HEAT LOSS
(W)
EFFICIENCY
(%)

-12.38

-14.84

-15.08

-15.44

-14.96

7359.93

3364.65

2287.39

1212.77

163.68

3667.93

743.85

305.34

161.24

106.26

T lm

OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT

TEST
Total exchange area

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

111.08

234.76

492.45

855.06

( m
Overall heat transfer coefficient
2

(W /m . K )

1164.3
9

TUBE SIDE
TEST
CROSS SECTION AREA

TOTAL CROSS FLOW

4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4 4.7210-4

AREA, m2
MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW
HEAT TRANSFER
jh

TUBE COEFFICIENT,
(W /m 2 . K )

4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5 4.7210-5

2
( m

FACTOR,

70.62

141.24

211.86

282.49

353.11

0.0715

0.1429

0.2144

0.2859

0.3573

996.19
3.56
Laminar

1992.37
3.56
Laminar

0.0050

0.0030

0.0036

0.0039

0.0040

628.81

754.58

1358.69

1962.39

2515.76

2988.56
3984.89
4981.07
3.56
3.56
3.56
Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent

ht

SHELL SIDE
TEST
CROSS FLOW AREA
2
( m

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

83.33

83.33

83.33

83.33

83.33

0.0837

0.0837

0.0837

0.0837

0.0837

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

0.0278

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

2893.19
5.44
Turbulen

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

1120.16

1120.16

1120.16

1120.16

1120.16

13.05

41.37

100.39

184.97

292.26

8.53

8.53

8.53

8.53

8.53

MASS VELOCITY
(kg /m2 . s)
LINEAR VELOCITY
(m/s)
EQUIVALENT DIAMETER
(m)
REYNOLDS NUMBER
PRANDTL NUMBER
TYPE OF FLOW
HEAT TRANSFER FACTOR,
jh
SHELL COEFFICIENT,

hS

(W /m 2 . K )

TEST
PRESSURE DROP( Pa tube
PRESSURE DROP( Pa -shell