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College Board AP Topic Outline

Friedland and Relyea: Environmental Science for AP

I. Earth Systems and Resources (10 15%)


A. Earth Science Concepts

Chapter 1 Studying the State of Our Earth

B. The Atmosphere

Chapter 3 Ecosystem Ecology

C. Global Water Resources and Use

Chapter 9 Water Resources

D. Soil and Soil Dynamics

Chapter 8 Earth Systems

Chapter 2 Environmental Systems


Chapter 4 Global Climates and Biomes

II. The Living World (10 15%)


A. Ecosystem Structure

Chapter 3 Ecosystem Ecology


Chapter 5 Evolution of Biodiversity

B. Energy Flow

Chapter 3 Ecosystem Ecology

C. Ecosystem Diversity

Chapter 6 Population and Community Ecology

D. Natural Ecosystem Change

Chapter 3 Ecosystem Ecology

E. Natural Biogeochemical Cycles

Chapter 3 Ecosystem Ecology

Chapter 5 Evolution of Biodiversity


Chapter 4 Global Climates and Biomes
III. Population (10 15%)
A. Population Biology Concepts

Chapter 6 Population and Community Ecology

B. Human Population

Chapter 7 Human Population

IV. Land and Water Use (10 15%)


A. Agriculture

Chapter 10 Land, Public and Private


Chapter 11 Feeding the World

B. Forestry

Chapter 10 Land, Public and Private

C. Rangelands

Chapter 10 Land, Public and Private

D. Other Land Use

Chapter 10 Land, Public and Private

E. Mining

Chapter 8 Earth Systems

F. Fishing

Chapter 11 Feeding the World

G. Global Economics

Chapter 20 Sustainability, Economics, and Equity

V. Energy Resources and Consumption (10 15%)


A. Agriculture

Chapter 12 Nonrenewable Energy Sources

B. Energy Consumption

Chapter 12 Nonrenewable Energy Sources

C. Fossil Fuel Resources and Use

Chapter 12 Nonrenewable Energy Sources

D. Nuclear Energy

Chapter 12 Nonrenewable Energy Sources

E. Hydroelectric Power

Chapter 12 Nonrenewable Energy Sources

F. Energy Conservation

Chapter 13 Achieving Energy Sustainability

G. Renewable Energy

Chapter 13 Achieving Energy Sustainability

VI. Pollution (25 30%)


A. Pollution Types

Chapter 14 Water Pollution


Chapter 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Chapter 16 Waste Generation and Waste Disposal

B. Impacts on the Environment and Human Health

Chapter 14 Water Pollution


Chapter 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Chapter 16 Waste Generation and Waste Disposal
Chapter 17 Human Health and Environmental Risks

C. Economic Impacts

Chapter 18 Water Pollution


Chapter 19 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Chapter 20 Waste Generation and Waste Disposal

VII. Global Change (10 15%)


A. Stratospheric Ozone

Chapter 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

B. Global Warming

Chapter 19 Global Change

C. Loss of Biodiversity

Chapter 18 Conservation of Biodiversity

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