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Basic Input Devices

What is an input device? _________________________________________________________



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Device Image Description Uses
Keyboard

A very common input device which has a set of
buttons. Text, numbers and symbols can be
entered

- General text entry
such as writing letters
etc
- Shortcuts/Commands
Numeric
Keypad /
Pin Pad

A small keyboard that only has numbers. This
keyboard is used to insert numeric data into
computers such as those in ATMs. A lot of
computer keyboards have a numeric keypad on
the right side and most mobile phones(there are
also computers) have a one for entering phone
numbers and other things.


Enter numbers
ATM machines
Mouse

A mouse is a pointing device found on most PCs
.Sensors on the bottom of the mouse detect
when the mouse is moved around. Data about
this movement is sent to the computer.
Often used to
control the
pointer in a GUi.
Touchpad

A pointing device used on most laptops. This is
used instead of a mouse because it take up less
space .To use this you move your finger across
the touch pad.
Pointer to direct
the arrow on the
screen.
Tracker
ball

This pointing device is not moved about like a
mouse; instead of moving around it has a large
ball that the user spins. Data about which
direction the ball is spun is passed to the
computer.
It can be used to
control the
pointer in a GUI.
Graphics
Tablet


Remote
Control

Is a hand-held device which is used to control a
machine (such as a tv)from a short distance
away from the machine .Remote controls need
line-of-sight in order to send a signal to the
receiving device.



Televisions
Music systems
Lighting systems
Joystick/
Joypad

Joysticks were originally used by pilots as part of
and aeroplanes controls and the technology
was developed to let computer gamers
experience a more realistic game environment.
Make gamers feel
like theyre in a
realistic
environment
Light Pen

A light pen is a device used as a pointing device or
to write on the screen of a computer.

Touch
Screen

A touch screen is the only device which works as
both an input and output device. Touch screens
work well with menu driven interface. Touch
screens are very easy to use and can be
frequently found in public places.
Input and output
device
Touch screen

Device Image Description Uses
Magnetic
Strip
Reader

Many plastic cards, such as credit cards, have a strip
of material that can be magnetised on the back.
Data can be stored inside here in the form of
magnetised dots.
Data shown on the
front of the card.
The stripe allows
this data to be
input to a
computer system
faster and more
accurately than by
typing it in.
Chip
Reader

Modern credit cards and ID cards dont use a
magnetic strip. Instead of having a magnetic strip
they have a tiny chip of computer memory
embedded inside them. These cards are often called
/referred to as smart cards.
More advanced
technology.

Scanner

A scanner A device that scans :images, book pages
and more. Scanning is like taking a close-up picture
(just very slowly and with great detail). The scanned
image data is passed to the computer. The most
common type of scanner is a flat bed scanner which
has a glass plate on which the item to be scanned is
placed.




Scan pictures in
great detail
Flat bed scanners
can scan item on
the glass plate
Digital
Camera

A digital camera is a device that captures digital
photographs. A lot of digital cameras dont directly
input data into a computer, they store pictures
(photographs) on a memory car which can they be
put into a laptop and the pictures can be
transferred.
A modern digital
camera can
capture 10
Megapixels or
more per
photograph.
Video
Camera

This is a device that allows you to capture
moving images such as video. Like a digital
camera, most video cameras dont directly input
data into a computer the captured movies are kept
on video-tape or memory cards and later transferred
to a computer.
Capture moving
images

Webcam

This is a basic video camera used to feed live
video into a computer. The video data from a web
cam is low quality compared to a full video camera.
Although it is good for web chats (e.g. using a
messenger application such as MSN Messenger or
Skype).
Used to feed live
video into a
camera.
Micro-
phone

A microphone is an input device which converts
sound into a signal that can be fed into a
computer. The signal from a microphone is
normally analogue so, before it can be processed by
a computer, it must be converted into digital data.
Input device
which converts
sound into a
signal .
MICR
Reader

MICR stands for Magnetic Ink Character
Recognition. An MICR is a is a technology that allows
details from bank cheques to be read into a
computer quickly and accurately.

Read cheques
quickly and
accurately and
allows it to be
read into a
computer
system.
OMR
Scanner

OMR stands for Optical Mark Recognition .An OMR
is a technology that allows the data from a multiple-
choice type for to be read quickly and accurately into
a computer.
Read data quickly
and accurately
into a computer.
OCR
Scanner

OCR stands for: Optical Character Recognition. An
OCR is a software technology that can convert
images of text into an actual text file that can be
changed using word-processing software.
After a page in a
book has been
scanned
Can recognise
normal
handwriting.
Barcode
Scanner

A barcode is simply a numeric code represented as a
series of lines which are then scanned into a
computer so therefore you can purchase /scan an
item.
Buy /purchase
something.
Scan codes.