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Beginning of Civilization

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Cities and Civilizations
Please quietly enter the room, find your seats
and discuss your three sticky notes with your
row group.

Central Question:
Who did peoples role change from hunting
and gathering, to farming, to cite life?
(5.7f)
Seat Work
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Cities and Civilizations
As populations grew, farming villages
developed into cities.

In several fertile river valleys, cities gave rise
to ancient civilizations.

Early civilizations all had certain features in
common.

Key Ideas
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Cities and Civilizations
civilizationcomplex society that has cities, a
well-organized government, and workers with
specialized job skills

religiona set of shared beliefs about
supernatural powers that created and rule
the world

social classesgroups of people that occupy
different ranks or levels in society
Key Terms
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Cities and Civilizations
What are the features of early civilizations?
(write this chart in your notebook)
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Cities and Civilizations
Grew from villages as food supply and
population increased; and

Became centers of religion, government,
and culture.

Organized Governments

Managed societys resources for the benefit
of everyone; and

Could form and train an army for defense or
expansion.

Cities
Beginning of Civilization
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Cities and Civilizations
Shared beliefs about supernatural powers
that created and ruled the world; and

Often linked to government, which then ruled
by claiming to have power from gods.

Job Specialization

Resulted due to surplus food. People could
take on other jobs than farming, becoming
priests, rulers, soldiers, or craftworkers; and

Meant that people could develop skills and
talents that helped the civilization grow.

Established Religion
Beginning of Civilization
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Cities and Civilizations
Groups of people with different ranks or
levels in society

Pyramid structure with priests and rulers at
the top, farmers, merchants, skilled workers
in the middle; slaves at the bottom

Public Works

Government-organized building projects
such as roads, water systems, structures

Projects that benefited society as a whole

Social Classes
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Cities and Civilizations
Magnificent temples, tombs, and palaces,
some of which were for public purposes

Statues, paintings, craft objects, music,
and writings

Writing

Record keeping for agriculture

Records of laws, prayers, and the mighty
deeds of rulers

Arts and Architecture
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
How are all the worlds
early civilizations similar?


Why would cities be important
to civilizations?
Cities and Civilizations
Features of Civilization: Cities
Beginning of Civilization
Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Rotations
Rotation 1 Rotation 2
Group 1
WB p37
Group 3
Quiz (online)
Group 2
Research Station
Group 4
Draw a village
Group 1
Quiz (online)
Group 3
Research Station
Group 2
Draw a village
Group 4
Quiz (online)