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Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

Introduction: Detailed design of 'walking' / 'raked' columns. Calculations include: 1. Assesment of 'strut and tie' forces based on column geometry and gravity loading. 2. Concrete compressive strut check and reinforcement as required. 3. Tie forces local to walking column within the slab above and below. Reinforcment requirements. 4. Vertical shear check. S concrete. 5. Horizontal shear check at slab interface. 6. Assessment of secondary moments to columns above and below walking column. 7. Reinforcement Summary. Diagram:

Geometry Column Reference E146 Walk Width mm 300 Head Level Lvl (ref) Lvl (m) 2 18.45 Base Level Lvl (ref) Lvl (m) 1 13.95 Walk (m) 2.95 Angle, Deg. 57
1

Fcu_Walk N/mm2 55

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

1 - Loading:

Please refer to gravity load takedown information in section 1.2. A hand load takedown and a Ram C load takedown has been carried out with the most conservative results adopted. SLS Load Combination = 1.0 DL + 1.0 LL ULS Load Combination = 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL
Loading Hand LTD Dead kN 3208 Imposed kN 1335 Loading RAMC LTD Dead kN 3215 Imposed kN 1138 Vertical Loading SLS kN 4550 ULS kN 6637 Load in Raked Column - F Dead DL/SIN 1, kN 3844 Imposed DL/SIN 1, kN 1596

Strut

ULS kN 7936

Lateral Load to Diaphragm (kN) - Tie Force - F Dead 2108 Imposed 875 Total SLS kN 2983 DL/TAN 1, kN LL/TAN 1, kN

tie

Total ULS kN 4351

2 - Compression Strut Capacity: The 'virtual' compression strut width will be calculated based on reasonable geometry over which stress can be assumed to distribute. In order to allow distribution of stress from wall to column below a downstand is to be included.

Column Width (mm) Above b1 600 Below b2 400

Downstand (mm) dd Calculated b2.tan 610


1

Strut Width bs

Concrete Cap(kN) Fc 0.4fcu wall.bs.Walk Width 5944

Asreq (mm2) (Fstrut-Fc)/0.87fy 4579

As

Prov

Selected user 850

deg. tan-1(dd/b2) 65

deg. 180- 1 58

(mm)
2

(mm2) user 4910 10-H25

b2/cos 2.sin

801

3 - Tension 'Tie' Capacity


Column depth (mm) Above h1 600 Below h2 900 Asreq (mm2) Ftie/0.87fy 10002 As
Prov

Beam Above Dims (mm) Width 600 Depth 850

Beam Below Dims (mm) Width 900 Depth 850

(mm2) user 11260 14-H32

Distribution of the lateral forces imparted to the slab diaphrgm are to be considered in the slab analysis. An additional mat of reinforcement local to the walking column is envisaged. The slab designer should be advised of the applied loads or a hand calculation/mark up provided showing additional rebar requirements.

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

4 - Vertical Shear Check

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

5 - Horizontal Shear Check

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

6 - Secondary Moments to Columns

The columns at levels above and below are fixed by a continuous monolithic connection to the walking column. To assess secondary moments arising in the columns above and below the walk a 2d s-frame model has been adopted in accordance with TRM 261. The main factor influencing the rotation of the walking column, and therefore moments to columns is the elongation of the slab strut and tie. The walking column itself is a very stiff element and as such deformation of the panel itself contributes to a lesser extent. The virtual strut within the wall panel has been modelled as a beam element based on the dimensions determined in section 2. This is deemed to be conservative as an increased rotation is expected at the joints in comparison to if the full rigidity of the wall panel were modelled. The section dimensions of the slab struts and ties and the representative lengths back to the supports have been assesed on a column by column basis. Assuptions are conservative in this regard as it is difficult to approximate the true behaviour of the floor plate in a 2d model. Typically a half bay width of 3750mm has been considered of length equal to 'distance to closest point of support' i.e. core walls or Full Slab Diaphragm. These moments are to be considered in addition to Ram Concept Slab Moments

S-Frame Member Properties

Element Description Col L01 Col L02 Col L03 Col L04 Col L05 Col L06 Col L07 Col L08 Virtual Strut Slab Strut/Tie

Member Dims b (mm) d (mm) 900 400 600 400 600 600 900 600

I (mm4)

A (mm2)

Stress pt 1 (mm)

Stress pt 2 (mm)

300 3750

801 300

4.80E+09 360000 0.00E+00 0 1.08E+10 360000 2.43E+10 360000 1.08E+10 360000 0.00E+00 0 0.00E+00 0 0.00E+00 0 1.28E+10 240161.565 8.44E+09 1125000

200 0 300 450 300 0 0 0 400.2692757 150

-200 0 -300 -450 -300 0 0 0 -400.269 -150

Strut Dimensions

Column E146 is located in close vicinity to core C. A minimum strut length of 5.2m has been adopted in the assessment.

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146


S-Frame Member Properties

S-Frame Model Geometry

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

S-Frame - Applied Loads/Axial Strut-Tie Loads

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

S-Frame Column Moments

Column Moments Head (kNm) L08 L07 L06 L05 L04 L03 L02 L01 L00 Base (kNm)

20 65 WC 140

65 202 WC 90

Column moments considered negligable L04 and above. These moments are to be considered in addition to Ram Concept Slab Moments

Project

New South Glasgow Hospital


10/11/2011 Job no. GJ
Section

Status Design Sheet no. Rev

Date By Checked Rev Date Details

24140333

5.1
Tel Fax

44 (0)141 429 3555 44 (0)141 429 3666

Part

ZE - Walking Column E146

7 - Reinforcement Summary

Raked Compression Strut Reinforcement = Tension Tie Reinforcement = Horizontal Wall Reinforcement = Vertical Wall Reinforcement = Downstand Beam Above Dimensions = Downstand Beam Below Dimensions =

10-H25 14-H32

Split Half FF + Half NF Total per Douwnstand Beam NF1 + FF1 NF2 + FF2

H20 - 200 CRS H20 - 200 CRS

600mm Wide by 850mm Deep from SSL 900mm Wide by 850mm Deep from SSL