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# Modular Number System

## Carl Friedrich Gauss

Gauss also made important contributions to number theory with his 1801 book Disquisitiones Arithmeticae (Latin, Arithmetical Investigations), which, among things, introduced the symbol for congruence and used it in a clean presentation of modular arithmetic, had the first two proofs of the law of quadratic reciprocity, developed the theories of binary and ternary quadratic forms, stated the class number problem for them, and showed that a regular heptadecagon (17-sided polygon) can be constructed with straightedge and compass.

Modular arithmetic
modular arithmetic is a system of arithmetic for integers, where numbers "wrap around" after they reach a certain valuethe modulus.

A familiar use of modular arithmetic is its use in the 12-hour clock. In which the day is divided into two 12 hour periods.

For Example
Suppose a doctor prescribes you a pill which you have to take every 4 hours.What time should you take the next pill if you had taken the first pill at 11am.

For Example
Suppose you are canning pickles following a recipe that calls for soaking mangoes in brine for 30 hours.If you put the mangoes into brine at 10.00am,determine when you have to take them out.