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Materials System Specification

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee 19 December 2010

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents I II Scope............................................................. 2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2

III References..................................................... 2 IV Modifications to ASTM C94 - 09..................... 4

Previous Issue: 24 March 2009 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014 Revised paragraphs are marked in the right margin Primary contact: Mehthel, Mohammed Heshan on 966-3-8760154
CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2010. All rights reserved.

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

Scope This Specification covers ready-mixed structural and non-structural concrete manufactured and delivered to Purchaser in a freshly mixed and unhardened state from Saudi Aramco approved suppliers. Requirements for quality of concrete shall be either as hereinafter specified or as specified in the Purchase Order. This Specification does not cover the placement, consolidation, curing or protection of the concrete after delivery to the Purchaser.

II

Conflicts and Deviations A. Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran. Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

B.

III

References The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this specification shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted. A. Saudi Aramco References Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement Approval Procedure for Ready-Mixed Concrete Mix Design

SAEP-1152

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification 09-SAMSS-088 Aggregates for Concrete

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

B.

Industry Codes and Standards American Concrete Institute ACI 207.3R ACI 211.1 ACI 318M Practices for Evaluation of Concrete in existing Massive Structures for Service Conditions Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavy weight, and Mass Concrete Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary

American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM C39 ASTM C94 - 09 ASTM C150 ASTM C494 ASTM C618 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete Standard Specification for Portland Cement Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete Standard Test Method for Acid-Soluble Chloride in Mortar and Concrete Standard Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious Mixtures Standard Test Method Water-Soluble Chloride in Mortar and Concrete Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete

ASTM C1152 ASTM C1240 ASTM C1218 ASTM C618 British Standard BS 1881 - 124 BS EN 450 - 1 C.

Methods for Analysis of Hardened Concrete Fly Ash for Concrete

Saudi Arabian Standards Organization SASO SSA 143 Portland Cement, Ordinary and Rapid-Hardening

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

IV

Modifications to ASTM C94 - 09 The following paragraph numbers refer to ASTM C94 - 09, which is part of this specification. The text in each paragraph below is an addition, exception, modification, or deletion to ASTM C94 - 09 as noted. Paragraph numbers not appearing in ASTM C94 - 09 are new paragraphs to be inserted in numerical order. 5 (Addition) Purchaser reserves the right to obtain samples of the delivered product and its constituent components, which Purchaser deems necessary to verify full compliance with the quality requirements stated in this Specification.

5.2.1, (Deletion) Delete these paragraphs in its entirety. 5.2.2 & 5.2.3 5.2.1 (Addition) The type of cement used shall be specified in the Purchase Order and shall be a Purchaser-approved brand. Ordinary Portland Cement (Type I) shall be in accordance with SSA 143 and the optional chemical requirements of ASTM C150, Table 2. Type V sulfate resistant Portland cement shall be in accordance with ASTM C150, including the optional chemical requirements of Table 2 and the optional physical requirements of Table 4. Silica fume shall be in accordance with ASTM C1240. Silica fume, when used as a mineral additive, it shall not be less than 7% by weight of cement as replacement and it shall not exceed 10% by weight of cement. Natural Pozzolans can be used as partial replacement of cement. The amount of the Natural Pozzolan (ASTM C618) used as cement replacement shall be established based on the compressive strength requirements but shall not exceed 50% replacement for the cement. Mill test certificates shall be provided for each shipment of cement. Under no circumstances shall the source of cement be changed without prior written approval of Purchaser. 5.3 5.3 5.4 (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety. (Addition) Aggregate shall conform to 09-SAMSS-088 Aggregates for Concrete. (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

5.4

(Addition) Mixing water shall be free from oils, acids, organic matter or other deleterious substances and shall satisfy the requirements listed in Table B of this standard. No changes in water source shall be permitted without prior approval by Purchaser. Table B Acceptance Criteria for Mixing Water
Test TDS pH Frequency of Test Weekly Weekly Max. 500 ppm 8.0 Min. N/A 6.0

5.6

(Addition) High range water reducers (Superplasticizers) type F or G only, conforming to ASTM C494, can be used, when necessary to achieve and maintain the desired workability. Calcium chloride or admixtures containing chloride salts are not permitted and shall not be used. Admixture manufacturers technical data sheet, including dosage range for slump/temperature range, and storage requirements shall be submitted to the Purchaser with proposed mix designs.

6.1

(Addition) The maximum water soluble chloride ions in concrete shall not exceed 0.15% for reinforced concrete and 0.06% for prestressed concrete by weight of cement. The maximum Sulfate ions as SO3 shall not exceed 4%. Tests shall be in accordance with ASTM C1218, BS 1881 124 or equivalent. (Exception) Option C shall be used as a basis for determining the proportions of the concrete to produce the required quality. (Addition) The proportions of ingredients shall be selected in accordance with provisions of ACI 211.1. The cement content and the water cement ratio (W/C) for structural & non-structural concrete shall be as indicated in Table A of this standard.

6.1.4 6.4.1

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

Table A Cement Content and W/C Ratio for Concrete


Item Cement Content Kilogram/Cubic Meter (Kg/M3) W/C Ratio 28-Days Design Compressive Strength (ASTM C39) Structural Concrete Max. Min. 370 350 0.4 4000 psi (28 MPA) Non-structural Concrete Max. Min. 250 0.6 2000 psi (14 MPA)

Cement Content Kilogram/Cubic Meter (Kg/M3) W/C Ratio 28-Days Design Compressive Strength (ASTM C39)

Precast & Prestressed Concrete & Water Retaining Structures No Max. Min. 370 0.4 5000 psi (35 MPa)

Silica Fume shall be tested prior to use and on monthly basis or when changing the source of the materials to confirm its compliance to ASTM C1240. Ultra fine fly ash (type S in accordance with BS EN 450 - 1) can be used in lieu of Silica Fume provided that: The minimum cement replacement is 10% and the maximum is 15% (in lieu of 7 and 10% for silica fume) The maximum water /cement ratio is 0.35 in lieu of 0.4 Amount retained when wet-sieved on sieve no. 325 (0.045 micron meter) is less than 3.5% Maximum particle size is less than 5 microns Ultra fine fly ash shall be tested prior to use and on monthly basis or when changing the source of the materials to confirm its compliance to BS EN 450 - 1.

Commentary Note: This table covers cast in place and prestressed/precast concrete. However, for water retaining structure, precast/prestressed concrete, cement content more than 370 Kg/M3 of concrete can be used in the mix, and the minimum 28-Days Design Compressive Strength shall be 5000 psi (35 MPa).

6.4.2

(Addition) Complete concrete mix design data shall be submitted to the Purchaser for approval at least 30 days prior to proposed use. Concrete mix design shall be reviewed and approved by each project Inspection Section as per the procedures specified in SAEP-1152.

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

7.1

(Addition) Concrete slump shall be based on project specifications. Tolerances in slump stated in ASTM C94 - 09 are based on normal mixes, without superplasticizing admixture. Concrete shall have a maximum slump of 200 mm at the point of delivery after the admixture is added unless otherwise specified. The slump variation within the 90 minutes after introduction of the mixing water to the cement shall be within 50 mm from the slump measured for the full-scale plant trial result of the specified concrete mix design. (Addition) When concrete pumps are used, the slump shall be determined at the discharge point of the concrete placement hose. (Exception) Volume batching shall not be allowed. (Exception) Wash water shall not be used as mixing water. (Addition) Plant scales shall be calibrated no less than three times a year and shall be certified as conforming to ASTM C94 - 09 by Saudi Aramco approved calibration agency. (Addition) Concrete delivered in trucks not having operable revolution counters shall be rejected. (Addition) No aluminum parts shall be placed in contact with concrete during mixing or delivery. (Addition) In remote areas, where, it is proven and verified by SAPMT and Inspection Department the absence of a batch plant that is in full compliance with this standard, existing batch plant will be allowed with the following conditions: a) b) The final product shall satisfy the requirements of this standard. Quality control shall be maintained at the batch plant and the construction site. Saudi Aramco Approved Independent laboratory shall be utilized to perform the required tests when there are no laboratory facilities at the batch plant. The batch plant shall be in full Compliance with section 9 of this standard.

7.2 9 9.3 10.3

11.1.2 12 12

c) 12 12.1.2

(Exception) Addition of water or admixtures (re-tempering) shall not be allowed.. (Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety.

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

12.4 12.5

(Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety. (Addition) Truck-Mixing with operable revolution counters will be allowed for dry batching (where cement and aggregates are pre batched in a batch plant, water and liquid admixtures shall be added at site). Truck mixing is allowed if the discharge of the concrete cannot be achieved within 90 minutes after introduction of the mixing water to the cement and aggregates or before the drum of the truck has revolved 300 revolutions, provided that: a) The discharge of the concrete shall be completed within three hours or before the drum of the truck has revolved 600 revolutions, whichever comes first after introduction of the cement to the aggregates. Each truck delivering concrete shall have an operable water system with an accurate water measuring device of one of the following types: c) d) Automatic cut off siphon type. Water meter of the automatic shut off type. Sight gage.

12.5.2

b)

The final concrete shall satisfy the requirements of this standard. Consistency and uniformity tests are performed as per the requirements of ASTM C94 - 09. Tests shall be witnessed by representative from Inspection Department. Quality control is maintained at both batch plant and at project site. Inspection Department shall approve mixing procedure to ensure compliance with Saudi Aramco applicable standard.

e) f) 12.9 12.9

(Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety. (Addition) Concrete delivered at a temperature in excess of 32C or that fails to maintain a temperature of 32C until used, shall be rejected and replaced at the expense of the Manufacturer.
Commentary Note: Non-structural concrete with compressive strength of 2000 psi is exempted from the above requirement. The reason for this exemption is due to the fact that non-structural concrete is unreinforced and thus cracking is not critical.

14.1

(Addition) a) Location of Batch Plant


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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

b) c) 14.1.10 18.2

Job Order (JO) Number for Project Time Leaving Batch Plant

(Deletion) Delete this paragraph in its entirety. (Addition) The minimum required number of concrete test cylinders for strength tests shall be:
Age (Days) 3 7 28 No. of Cylinders 1 1 2

18.3

(Addition) The test report shall include the following data for each test sample of concrete taken at the placement site: Name of Project and Job Order (JO) for the Project Slump in millimeters Ambient air temperature in C Concrete temperature in C % Air, when air entrainment is used.

19.1 19.1

(Exception) Delete this paragraph in its entirety (Exception) In the event that concrete fails to meet the strength requirements of this Specification, in-place testing for concrete strength will be conducted by Purchaser. In-place testing will be conducted in accordance with ACI 318M, Chapter 5 and ACI 207.3R, Chapter 3, or ACI 318M, Chapter 20 at the sole option of the Purchaser. Concrete in the area represented by the in-place tests shall be considered structurally adequate provided such results conform to the provisions of ACI 318M. The results of all in-place testing, as described above, conducted by Purchaser and observed by the Manufacturer, shall be considered binding and final upon the Manufacturer. Tests for Saudi Aramco acceptance purposes shall be performed by a Saudi Aramco-approved independent laboratory. Concrete judged structurally inadequate after in-place testing described above, shall be removed and replaced at the expense of the Manufacturer.

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Document Responsibility: Civil Standards Committee Issue Date: 19 December 2010 Next Planned Update: 24 March 2014

09-SAMSS-097 Ready-Mixed Portland Cement Concrete

24 March 2009 19 December 2010

Revision Summary Major revision. Minor revision.

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