3.4K views

Uploaded by trabajosic

- Etabs-step by Step
- ETABS_Errors Indication
- Building report
- Etabs Guide
- Scaling of Response Spectrum Base Shear
- SAFE Tutorial- Analysis & Design of Pile Supported Mat Foundation
- Modeling cracked behavior of shear walls in ETABS.docx
- ETABS-Example-RC Building _Equivalent Special Seismic
- Building Drifts in Etabs
- Seismic Design of RC Structures Using UBC_ACI Provisions
- Etabs Workshop
- ETABS-Example-RC Building With Shear Wall
- Amplification of Accidental Torsion in Etabs
- ETABS-Example-RC Building Seismic Load _Time History
- Etabs (Atkins)
- Etabs Shear Wall Design Manual UBC 97
- ETABS for Building Analysis and Design
- Etabs Tutorial
- Etabs Multistory Concrete
- ETABS Tutorial 1

You are on page 1of 6

Drift is a very complex topic in structural engineering. It involves too many factors to arrive at a suitable decision. It involves engineering judgment, the phenomenon fresh engineers might not feel. In this article, I have tried to explain what is building drift, allowable limits, ways and means to check in ETABS models and to control the excessive drift. Please keep in mind, this article is not about the building drift as far as structural science is concerned, rather this topic of drift is related to ETABS software. First of all you must be familiar with the term story drift. For convenience, I am quoting here the definitions from UBC-97 code:STORY DRIFT is the lateral displacement of one level relative to the level above or below. STORY DRIFT RATIO is the story drift divided by the story height.

1) Maximum Limits Now what for story drift limits? What is the maximum permissible value? Well it depends upon the type of drift. Is it seismic or wind? For seismic, I will refer to UBC-97 code which in section 1630.10.2 talks about drift limits for earthquake.

Now in simple words, the maximum limit for seismic drift is:delta M shall not exceed 0.025 x story ht (if building seismic period is less than 0.7) delta M shall not exceed 0.020 x story ht (if building seismic period is equal or greater than 0.7)

Important to note here is that it talks about SEISMIC drift so SEISMIC building period not the WIND period. Now delta M = Max inelastic response displacement = 0.7R delta S where R = from Table 16-N delta S = displacement from static, elastic analysis this value is read from ETABS. you multiply this value by 0.7R to get delta M This was all about seismic drift, but for wind drift code is mute. I will refer you to ASCE 2005 commentary CC.1.2

So we can understand that the limit for wind drift is "on the order of l/600 to l/400" for "common usage". This is common thing, however, in reality this figure can be up or down depending upon the ductility of cladding material and finishes. However for common usage value of l/400 is thought to be well satisfactory. Here l means story ht. The concept of drift limits is same throughout all the governing codes, and the typical limits of story height by some number is same, but obviously you have to take care of the process of calculating the wind force or seismic forces. You should not calculate wind force from one code and apply limits of another code. 2) Load Combinations Once the drift limit has been determined separately for seismic and wind forces, now is the need to check the actual drift vs the limit. Determination of actual drift depends on the load combination and the period of recurrence. If not properly calculated, this may dramatically increase or decrease the accepted drift values in model. Seismic force E is always already factored so that's the reason its factor is always 1.0 in load combinations of ACI/ASCE code. The recurrence period for seismic force is 50 years. In seismic drift we do not convert it into service seismic force. Seismic drift is checked against the direct load case of EQx, EQy etc in ETABS. For wind drift, we need to convert 50 year wind to service wind force. It has been recommended by ASCE commentary CC.1.2

To convert 50 year service wind force to 10 year service wind force it is multiplied by 0.7, as the equation says, and other gravity loads; D and 0.5L are also added. So in a nutshell we create following load combinations in ETABS to check our drift:DRIFTWx1 = D+0.5L+0.7Wx DRIFTWx2 = D+0.5L-0.7Wx DRIFTWy1 = D+0.5L+0.7Wy DRIFTWy2 = D+0.5L-0.7Wy For seismic drift, as discussed earlier, we do not need any combination, drift will be checked just on EQx and EQy load cases only. 3) How to check in ETABS Now we have obtained both the actual drift and the drift limit, but how can we do this in ETABS easily? Well, after creating the drift combinations as discussed in step 2, we need to do as below:For seismic drift goto File>Print Tables>Summary Report

Scroll down to the end of the page, you will find out a section about drifts, similar to this one:-

It displays the max drift for each lateral load case for each story. As we want the drift for wind to be on drift load combinations and not on wind load cases, so we will not compare this wind drift without limits. In this table we are going to check just the drift values of our ETABS model for individual seismic load cases; EQx and EQy. As you noticed, this table shows us values in fraction format. For example 1/105 that becomes 0.009523809524. This 1/105 value is story drift divided by story ht. It means delta S / story ht. Now this value is delta S. First we need to convert it to delta M by multiplying it with 0.7R. Assume R here is 3.5 so delta M = 0.7 x 3.5 x 1/105 = 7/300 = 0.023333 which is less than 0.025 so safe ( if T<0.7). So instead of calculating every time by 0.7R we can check these limits in other way. If our limit is 0.025 then the limit we get is 0.025/R/0.7. Assume R=3.5. Now the values in ETABS are inverse so our limit is 0.7x3.5/0.025 = 98. In ETABS the drift is reported as 1/x where x is some number. Now as long as x (some number) is greater than 98 our limit of 0.025 x story ht is being satisfied. This way you can quickly check and compare seismic drifts.

Now for the wind drifts, goto Display>Show tables, select Point displacements>Story drifts and then select only drift combinations for results. Click on and then copy the table to EXCEL.

To save time you can right click on EXCEL taskbar and select maximum and minimum. Then just select the column H or I and see the maximum value that should be less than H/400 to H600 limit (0.0025 t0 0.00167). Again the values reported in ETABS are divided by story ht.

4) Controlling Excessive Drift Values sometimes you may face problem of excessively large values in drift tables in ETABS. Well we are not going to talk about different measures and modeling techniques to control the drift values. We are going to talk about large numbers in drift tables. Sometimes it happens that a point or node is free in the model or is connected to a NULL line or very flexible section. Drift tables for example the story drift table in wind captures the maximum displaced points. Obviously the displacement of several meters in tables is not what we are looking for. Drift values (relative) may be still okay for these points, but it requires you to check the displacement values too before checking directly the drift. Unlock the model and remove all free points, check for any discontinuity and modify your models to remove all the errors.

- Etabs-step by StepUploaded byprabhu
- ETABS_Errors IndicationUploaded byJafeel Babu N.M
- Building reportUploaded byAdi Apo
- Etabs GuideUploaded bykakarikos
- Scaling of Response Spectrum Base ShearUploaded bysloane01
- SAFE Tutorial- Analysis & Design of Pile Supported Mat FoundationUploaded byKhaled El-Banna
- Modeling cracked behavior of shear walls in ETABS.docxUploaded byjadlouis
- ETABS-Example-RC Building _Equivalent Special SeismicUploaded bydilrangi
- Building Drifts in EtabsUploaded bynsuthar
- Seismic Design of RC Structures Using UBC_ACI ProvisionsUploaded byMuhammad Saqib Abrar
- Etabs WorkshopUploaded byMukeshSharma
- ETABS-Example-RC Building With Shear WallUploaded byJason Guzman
- Amplification of Accidental Torsion in EtabsUploaded byabumalik13156
- ETABS-Example-RC Building Seismic Load _Time HistoryUploaded byMauricio_Vera_5259
- Etabs (Atkins)Uploaded byprakashcg123
- Etabs Shear Wall Design Manual UBC 97Uploaded bykozofkozof7
- ETABS for Building Analysis and DesignUploaded byNguyen Thanh
- Etabs TutorialUploaded bysalahaddinsharif
- Etabs Multistory ConcreteUploaded bykebebew
- ETABS Tutorial 1Uploaded byMuhammad Saqib Abrar
- ETABSUploaded byMan Hong
- Floor Slab in ETABSUploaded bysandeepuae
- etabs modelingUploaded byHemal Mistry
- ETABS Examples ManualUploaded bySaikat Kabiraj
- Etabs Design of Tall Building Reinforcement DetailingUploaded byutoy032367
- SAP-Etabs-Course-360Uploaded bySeifeldin Ali Marzouk
- ETABS User's ManualUploaded byDiquan
- ETABS Learning GuideUploaded byhafiz zain saeed
- ETABS-AUTOMATIC SEISMIC LOADSUploaded byAn Tran Quoc
- 6 Story Rc Building_eng.affoune.m.hadiUploaded byAffoune Mohamed El Hadi

- Welded Connection Cap-6 IntroUploaded byjoseherreramogollon
- 125469878_linea Estructural - Vigas SidelurgicasUploaded bytrabajosic
- Moment-Curvature and NonlinearityUploaded bySherwin Sr Macaraeg Sarmiento
- Trunnion Anchor Rod FailuresUploaded bytrabajosic
- ATC-84 ProjectUploaded bytrabajosic
- 14102015-Topic15-2-PerformanceBasedEngineeringNotesUploaded bytrabajosic
- 261902-StructuralPerformance-Nikolaou.pdfUploaded bytrabajosic
- Live Load ExampleUploaded bytrabajosic
- Sap2000 TutorialUploaded byhasib
- 4B - Creep and ShrinkageUploaded bysiva_civil4051
- capitulo5_VisualBasicTrabesArmadasUploaded bytrabajosic
- ConnectionsUploaded bytrabajosic
- 14102015MononobeOkabeMylonakis Et Al SDEE 2007Uploaded bytrabajosic
- SI-07-2015.pdfUploaded byAndres Casado
- SteelBuildingMaterials_Annex Ch1b Steel Ch3 GeschUploaded bytrabajosic
- Shear area of reinforced circular concrete membersUploaded bytrabajosic
- Shear area of reinforced circular concrete membersUploaded bytrabajosic
- 1998-De La Llera-modelling Aspects of Structures Isolated With the Frictional Pendulum SystemUploaded byjvixtor
- What Every Engineer Should Know About WeldingUploaded byYetkin Erdoğan
- krawinkler-pushover-seaoc.pdfUploaded bytrabajosic
- Topic15-5b-AdvancedAnalysisPart2Notes.pdfUploaded bytrabajosic
- Moehle-Joints_c.pdfUploaded bytrabajosic
- Chapter 2 - SHEAR DESIGN SP-17 - 09-07.pdfUploaded byYel DG
- Sist. Clas. Electrodos AWSUploaded byrock_kissman7573
- Modeling of Seismic Isolators in Software ProgramsUploaded bySkerdi Muco
- AISC - Welding StuffUploaded byBoris Dikov
- Stick Welding Electrode GuideUploaded byChirag Patel
- 2006_SEM_BeamColumnJoints.pdfUploaded byMohamed Salah
- Topic15-7-SeismicIsolationNotesUploaded byFlorin Macinic
- 1-s2.0-S000888469685023X-mainUploaded bytrabajosic

- tspiceUploaded byParul Mittal
- champion aft-100nmUploaded byapi-326817817
- Eeprom CommandsUploaded byEstanislau Constantino Da Graça
- Accelerated DepreciationUploaded byaaaa
- operational risk by j l king.pdfUploaded byGhazala Quraishy
- CATALOGO GENERALE MARSTON.pdfUploaded byA
- Investor Update Q3 FY19Uploaded byVishalPandey
- wrex2000 motorcycle crash test paper for wrex2000Uploaded byDawn Mutis
- Surfactant FloodingUploaded byKaoru Amane
- Turco 4215 Nc Lt (Msds)Uploaded bystuart3962
- Skin Ageing Natural Weapons and StrategiesUploaded bysarah
- BE AwardUploaded bynebercher
- Using a MySQL Database With CUploaded byAnitha Natarajan
- MANUAL DE TRANSMISION AUTOMATICA AISIN A132LUploaded byed1996
- Electronics 1 Presentation Part 3 (ME)Uploaded byPaul Laurence Bondoc
- DetectorUploaded byAnonymous gNzlNh
- ExamsGrade 1Z0-417 Test Practice QuestionsUploaded byLamont Bauch
- Membrane Filtration (Hach)Uploaded byfontianika
- Industry Case Study the Indian IT Services Industry in 2007Uploaded byBastiaan van de Loo
- lec01 (1)Uploaded byHuynh Ngoc Tan
- PAPA GulayUploaded bySapa
- Baghouse Design CalculationsUploaded byMary Antoinette Chua
- BS en 12644-2 Cranes Information for Use and Testing -MarkinUploaded byMohamed Farouk
- CCNA II Chapter 3 SummaryUploaded byAdam Jian Yin
- VF 526dt ProductUploaded byAAurelian
- Aromatic Hydrocarbon - WikipediaUploaded bykirthi83
- 2 Service Manual - Packard Bell -Easynote SbUploaded bySoporte Tecnico Buenos Aires
- Information Management in the Canadian Federal Government: Principles, Practices and the Role of Information ProfessionalsUploaded byChantich Charmtong
- -28sici-291097-0207-2820000430-2947-3A12-3C1933-3A-3Aaid-nme860-3E3.0.co-3B2-0Uploaded byLata Deshmukh
- ABAPonHANAUploaded byvishalmahajan89