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Leading Global Energy Solutions

UC Santa Barbara
COMPUTING:
ENABLING THE CONTINUED GROWTH
OF INTERNET SERVICES

Fred Chong
Director, Greenscale Center for Energy-Efficient Computing
Director, Computer Engineering Program
Professor, Department of Computer Science

Leading Global Energy Solutions


Internet Growth

Content.

EPA report, Public Law 109-231, 2007

Leading Global Energy Solutions


Server = SUV

•  More precisely:
–  80 billion terawatt-hr / yr = 6 million SUVs in
carbon production (10 mpg, 11K miles/yr)
•  Computing is the fastest growing segment of
carbon production

Leading Global Energy Solutions


Energy-Efficient Computing at UCSB

•  Brings together world-class


research in:
–  Large-scale computing and
data
–  Smart buildings
–  Computer systems and
architecture
–  Networking and sensors
–  Energy-efficient electronics
–  Life-cycle Analysis and Policy

Leading Global Energy Solutions


“More than Moore”

•  Exponential gains in energy efficiency:


–  1000X more efficient computation in 10 yrs
–  100X more efficient cooling in 10 yrs

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Goal 1
•  10X more efficient datacenters by making
energy use proportional to load.
•  Resources: $5 million
•  Timeline: 5 years
•  Pathway: virtualization and consolidation
software/algorithms, energy-aware data
management and network protocols, new
server architectures

Leading Global Energy Solutions


Goal 2
•  100X more efficient servers and
datacenters with new computing and
communication technologies
–  Resources: $10 million
–  Timeline: 10X in 5 years, 100X in 10 years
–  Pathway: optical signaling, nanoscale
devices, new computing architectures

Leading Global Energy Solutions


Goal 3

•  100X more efficient cooling of


datacenters
–  Resources: $10 million
–  Timeline: 10X in 5 years, 100X in 10 years
–  Pathway: Precise airflow management,
new sensors and control, integrated
scheduling of computations, liquid/vapor
cooling technologies

Leading Global Energy Solutions


•  Luiz Barroso (Google) - Efficiency
Opportunities in Large Data Centers
•  Feng Zhao (Microsoft) - Energy efficient
computing: from milliwatts to megawatts

energy.cs.ucsb.edu

Leading Global Energy Solutions


Leading Global Energy Solutions

UC Santa Barbara